All materials in MONTANA NEWSPAPERS are intended to support research, teaching and private study under fair use. Items published before January 1, 1923 are in the public domain. Items published on or after January 1, 1923 may be protected by the U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.).

The Montana Historical Society has attempted to ascertain any possible legal rights embodied in the materials. In cases where copyright holders could not be reached or identified, the materials are provided here under an assertion of fair use (Title 17, U.S.C. 107). MONTANA NEWSPAPERS also complies with the 1998 Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA).

Your responsibility as a user of this site

You are free to share, print, or download the material on this site for your research, education and personal use. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by copyright beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owner.

Takedown policy

If you are a rights holder and you believe inclusion of certain material in MONTANA NEWSPAPERS violates your rights (i.e. inclusion is not covered by the Fair Use or other exemption), please contact us at mhsdigital@mt.gov.

In your message, please include the following:

  • Your contact information (including email address and phone);
  • Full URL where you found the material. If your message refers to many items, provide at least one URL;
  • Description of the material (newspaper title, issue dates or date range);
  • The reason why you believe that your rights have been violated, with pertinent documentation;
  • A statement that you in good faith believe that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law; and
  • A statement that the information in your notification is accurate and that you are the rights holder or are authorized to act on behalf of the rights holder.

Upon receipt, we will:

  • Promptly acknowledge your request via email.
  • Assess the validity of your request.

Upon completing our assessment, we will take appropriate action and communicate that action to you. At our discretion, we may temporarily remove the material from public view while we assess your case. Note: We will consider only those requests that come directly from the copyright holder.