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' THE LUMP CITY MINER: SATURDAY, JANUARY 12, 1895. The Lump City Miner. Published Every Saturday Morning at Lump City, Montana. A. M. WILLIAMS Editor. WILLIAMS& SONS Publishers and Props. SUBSCRIPTION . RATES: One Year (in advance) ..... ..... $2 (10 One Year (when not paid in advance)..., 2 50 Six Months tin advance) ......... ..... 1 00 Six Months (when not paid in advance).— 1 25 dingle Copies ..... ....... Five Cents ADVERTISING RATES. Notice@ on local page 15 cents per line for each Insertion. Notices to be printed among strictly local reading matter 20 cents per line for each insertion. No advertisement of this class taken for less than Mt y cents. Space rates in the display advertising columns, by the week, month or year, will be furnished up- on application. All advertisers will be allowed a change of their advertisement once a month, if desired, without extra charge; but where changes are made oftener than once a month a charge for the time consumed it; changing wilt be made. To insure prompt attention in changes of ad- vertisements copy must be handed in not Inter than Thursday preceding day of publicalion. ALL ACCOUNTS PAYABLE MONTHLY. WILLIAMS & SONS, Publishers. LUMP CITY, MONT., JAN. 12, 1895. LUMP GULCH A POOR MAN'S CAMP. Old prospectors say that Lump Gulch is the best \poor man's camp\ that they have ever struck in their wanderings, and we have prospectors here with us who have followed up all the great diseover- ies for the past thirty years. The formation is good—a co r arse gran- ite like that at Butte—in which mineralized veins have a chance to live, and they are therefore verl -favorably impressed as soon an they look the district over. Another thing on which they base their claims for this assertion is the fact that on nearly every pros- pect where there has been a top showing ore has been found on fol- lowing the lode down. This is say- ing a good deal, but it is nevethe- less, true. Probably not elsewhere in the United States has a mining dis- trict been found\ where universally a thousand dollars would produce a mine, as it has been proved it will d() in this district, and ,several of the properties here havedone even better than that, and others eare liable to do it. Generally it takes considerable money to make a mine, and often after the ore t has been reached, it has contain'( such low values that it would not pay to ship but required expensive machinery to concentrate the pro- duct and therefore the mine was forced to remain idle awaiting bet- ter transportation facilities or the erection of works by capitalists to treat the ore. This is true of the mines surrounding Red Mountain, in the Basin and in many nther localities of Montana. But the mines of this district are uniformly high grade, the distance to the railway tint far, and the road a down hill pull from the start. Taking all these things into con- sideration, we see no reason why this should not make a great min- ing district, and we believe it will lut. Some eiitli usiast iv miners have remarkeil in our hearing that there would be sixty shipping mines here within a year, but be that as it may, t he fact still re- mains that it is a great minerolog- ical zone which has been discov- ered here and that in it some prob- ably fanions leilianzas will be un- earthed TIIP MINE!' is d' the gulch, and is high grade along with the crop reified in this hs - al- ity. It LINOS 110 \Hunk ern ploys no \rats and stands on its own bottom. norE FOR SILVER. Senator Voorhees, chairman of the committee on finance, furnished an interview recently which in some degree confirmed the report which has been current ¡since the begin- ning of the present session of con- gress, that he would seek legisla- tion favorable to silver before the final adjournment of the fifty-third congress. Among other things he said : \1 have no change of views to express. Silver is the money of the coustitution and should be coined on the same terms that gold is, without discrimination against either, and without charge for coin- age. I voted against the passa e of the Sherman act, and labor1 to secure its repeal, not because I kas an enemy of silver coinage. Free coinage of gold means free coinage of silver to my mind. The plain working e2ple have been benefit - in in the last -hundred years more y silver than gold, and the whin- ing of sordid avarice which we hear now, that gold is ' sonnd money' and silver is not, has the profound contempt of every man familiar with the development of his country.. \As to the parity of the two metals when coined, even small children of finance know that the purchasing power of a dollar is not fixed by the quantity or quality of material which composes it, but by those laws which make it. legal tender in payment - ei debts. When silver is coined, therefore, at the rate of 16 to 1, in gold or at any other ratio, and clothed with au- thority of law, it has never failed to be on a par with gold in its pur- chasing and in its debt paying power. \The coinage act of 1837 proved itself a wise and safe measure, and I believe its re-enactment now would be an excellent thing. ' I care but little for the attitude of foreign nations un the subject. We are not subject to their diCia- tion, and for their disproval we may compensate oursen , es with the approval of our own people\ THE GREAT AMERICAN DESERT. The fact is not generally known that the state of Montana contains 74,000,000 acres of what is known Its arid lands -that is, lands upon which there is. but very little, or absolutely no rainfall. The com- missioner of the general land office has made an estimate of the arid land area of the United States, in all that portion formerly known as the \ Great American Desert,\ and finds that the sum total amounts to 476,000,000 acres which he divides up between the differ- ent states and territories, as follows: Montana 74,000,000 acres. 5 \ New Mexioo 4,000,000 Wyoming 53,000,000 \ Arizona. 49,000m00 \ 4 \ California 7,000,000 Colorado 41,000,000 \ Idaho 37,000,000 \ Oregon .37,000,000. \ Utah 35,000,000 \ North Dakota e 18,000,000 \ Washington 18,000,000 \ South Dakota .... _13,000,000 \ Total t 478,000,000 \ Upon this vast extent of country there are at present practically no settlers, and whether there ever will he or not depends entirely up- on Lite question of whether water can be obtained without which the land cannot be brought under culs tivation. It is also doubtful, vast as the figures quoted seem to be, whether they actually cover all the lands which should properly be classed as desert or arid landa. They most certainly would not have done so twenty, or even ten years ago. Since that time thou- sands of acres have been brought under cultivation, and thousands of acres mere will be as soon as the question of' irrigation has been a little • further investigated and more properly understood. Any good system of irrigation that looks towards the settlement of our so-called desert lands will be the dawning of a golden era for Montana. HAM MAN'S SILVER BILL. The following is the full text of Congressman Ilartinan's new free silver bill : Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled: SKOTION 1. That from and after the passage of this Act all holders of silver bullion to the amount of one hundred dollars or more, of standard weight and fineness, shall be entitled to have the same coined at the mint of the United States into silver dollars of the weight and fineness provided for in the second Section of this Act. Sac. 2. That the silver dollar provided for in this Act »hall consist of four hun- ch - ea and twelve and one-half grains of standard silver; said dollars to be a le- gal tender for all debts, demands, and dues, both public and private. SEC. 3. That the holder of the silver dollars herein provided for shall be en- titled to deposit the same and to receive silver certificates in the mapner now provided by law for the standard silver dollars. Railway Building in 1804. Figures complied by the Rail- way Age give the amount of new railway construction for the year now closing at 1,919 Milefi which is less than is credited to any pre- vious year since 1875. The record for the four preceding years is as follows: 1890, 5,670 miles; 1891, 4,282 miles; AK 4,178 miles; 1893 2,635 miles. Trii• greatest year of railway coustrurtion was- 1887, when nearly 13,000 miles of road were built. It -is probable that the present year marks the lowest point to which hard times and various disturbances in the busi- ness world will depress the . work of constructing new lines. It is interestin, to note that Arizona led all tire 't% 's and ter- ritories in the amount of railway building during the present year, its contribution to the total being 193 miles. Illinois which has long stood first among the states in number of miles of railways with- in its borders ranks second in this list with 147 miles to its credit. Pennsylvania is third with 128 miles. While new sections are getting new lines it is important to observe that the thickly populat- ed cental northan states Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois and Wisconsin though already grid- irened with transportation lines continue to lead in the amount of construction having 447 miles to their credit. In all 153 roads were engaged in building during this year though in no case were long lines constructed. The total length of all the steam railways in the United States is noy placed at 179,682 miles end it is expected to reach 200,000 miles by the end of the century. With the revival of busi- nees that is now in progress there is a got mi prospect that these ex- pectations will be realized. There is hardly any snow in the gulch at present, the south side of the hills being quite bare. ror the good of the country we hope that we may have considerable snow be. fore the winter lets up. We have noticed that prosperous seasons in Montana generally follow winters with great snow fall. We have been asked several times what politics the MINER was going to have. We have no poli- tics. Silver one dollar an ounce is good enough politics for us. The Montana Legislature now in session is composed of eighty- two members—twenty-one in the senate and sixty-one in the house. In the senate there are thirteen re- publicans, five democrats, two pop- ulists and one democrat -populist. The political complexion of the house is as follows: Republicans, forty-three; populists, thirteen, democrats, two; democrat -populists (fusion. ) two; populist- indepen- dent- republican, one. Senator Vest has also introduced a silver bill, which ho sprang on the 11th of this month, which pro- vides that all treasury notes and gold and silver certificates shall be destroyed and an equal amount of notes payable in standard gold and silver coin be issued and paid instead of notes. No coin noteg,of larger denomination than $1,000 or smaller than $10 be issued, the gold certificates now outstanding to be paid in geld coin, and the silver coin certificates in standard silver coin or coin notes. Section 7 provides that silver bullion brought to any mint of the United States for coinage shall be received and coined into standard dollars of 412k grains, but no de- posits of.silver bullion of lees value than $100 shall be received. THE LATIN UNION. What is known as the Latin Union was a combirtation of Italy, Belgium, Switzerland and France, fog the pürpose of maintaining a like ratio of coinage. This union by agreementscoined, without res- triction, gold and silver at the ra- tio of 15 and one-half to r. The consequence was that 15 and one- half ounces of -silver bullion were worth, the world over, one ounce of gold. This agreement was founded in 1865, but prior to that France alone had/held the two metals to- gether at that ratio for sixty years. The Helena Cock says that a refinery in addition to the assay office should be Helena's next re- quest of Uncle Sam. Aluminum is used in Germany for nails in the boots of their sol- diers in the army. The total valuation of property in Jefferson County is given at 4,122,069.00, and the tax levy is 18 mills. There are said to be some herds of wild camels in Arizona. They were brought to America nearly 50 years ago by Jefferson Davis when he was secretary of war. It was thought they would be useful for the army in the western deserts, but the civil war coming on they were suffered to run wild. (told Strike.' at Lea dvil te Reeent in format ion rocei veil from Leativille, Col., states that two groat gold strikes at'Leadville are enticing wild excitement in mining circles. Trains to the ramp are crowded, and the I /en ver, Leadville t 1;unnison railroad, the short line to 11,44mb:die, is preparing to put on General Merchandise I carry everything needed by the Miner and Prospector. FINLEY & HOLMES Dealere in a General Attaortment of Confection ry FRUITS, CIGARS AND TOBACCO, Lew CITY, 1\1NTAN.N. FRANK L. CURRIE, MINING- ENGINEER. Title+ Examined and Perfected. Atei rests Fur rushed. Surveys made. Propel-11es Ex - RIM '.«.i and 11.1.orted on. NOTARY PUBLIC. GO TO THE \ Headquarters Saloon \ FOR THE t Brunette Cigar. Brooks & Graham, Props. Lump Ci-ry, - MONI. K A Y REED, extra trains to ailoomndate trave l. G old T . strikes h Vf‘ 1104111 numerou, in rmativille i, ph kinors an d ( Frars , / tile !net two years, but mine have at tram ed as much attention na the two lateen. the Rex and Trintriph mines, which es tablisheil the fact that the g olil belt ea. tends at least. three rit t lea. the tAiti, noveriee being that far apart, Ntim St Ltinip CITY DRUG STORE Eugene Meyer â Co., Prop. Telephone »80, - Helena, Montane. MANUFACTURING PHARMACIST, Wholesale and Retail DRUGGISTS. We carry a full line of Drugs which we sell at eastern price*. Mail orders aolicited and prompt- ly attended to. 120 SOUill Main St. LUMP CITY Meat Market LOUIS STOLL, Prop. All kinds of Fresh and Salt Meats, Sausage, Etc., constant- ly on hand. Free Delivery to all parts of the Gulch. Daily Hack Line, TO AND PROM ALI' TRAINS. I will run a closed Hack meeting all trains, stopping either at Harth .rd or Clancy, to convey passengers to and from 1.urttp City . ALEX. H. CAMERON. M E Restaurant, Lump City. If you want a Porterhouse Steak or an Oyster Stew, drop in and see us. ľ. C. STUBBS - Dealer in e s.. ••••• •