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Wotaninwowapi Page 2 Feb. 27, 1975 • M-44 PROGRAM BEGINS PUBLISHED biweekly under the authority of the Fort Peck Tribal Executive Board, opin- ions expressed within are not necessarily those of the Exe- cutive Board. ARTICLES pertaining to Indian affairs are welcome. WOTANIN reserves the right to edit ar- ticles submitted for publica- tion. Letters will be edited only when containing typo- graphical errors. WOTANIN is a member of the American Indian Press Associa- tion. WOTANIN is distributed free on the reservation. STAFF Editor Terry Boyd Typesetter - lone Booth & Stanley Crowe Sr. Staff Photographer - Mario Carrillo Art & Layout - Stephen Clincher • ADDRESS: p. 0 - g rs - :aplar, Montana 59255 PH. NO. (406)768-5241 AMERICAN INDIAN PRESS ASSOCIATION 11.9 419 $200,000 GRANT RECEIVES TENTATIVE APPROVAL Rodney Miller, Ft. Peck Planning Dis- trict's Chief Planner, has announced tentative approval of a $200,000 grant to the Fort Peck Tribes. : The grant will be used for repair and renovation of homes built by the Fort Peck Housing Authority. This includes Turnkey III, Low Rent and Mutual Help omes. The grant is under the Housing and Development Act of 1974. Montana has received approximately $1.7 million of Community Development Discretionary money that comes under this Act. Of the fifty applicants for the grants, Fort Peck Tribes were fourth. A final application has to be submit- ted by Fort Peck Planning by May 15. A survey will be taken of homes in need of repair. This will be submitted to the Tribal Executive Board who will list the homes by priority. The final application also has to de- tail how the funds will be administered. Most of the funds will be used for repair of the houses, however, some might have to be used for labor. Miller stated that the program will possibly begin this summer.# Gary Neese, Neese, Predatory Animal Control Biologist, Montana Dept. of Livestock, ‘. explains features of M-44 device to Tribal Game Wardens, area ranchers and farmers and representatives from Fort Peck Agency. TRIBES CAN REGULATE RESERVATION LIQUOR // /e The Fort Peck Tribes have the right to regulate the sale of alcoholic bever- ages within this reservation. The U.S. Supreme Court has recently unanimously affirmed this right in a rulingon a case in Wyoming. '— The court rules that Congress had given Indians full regulatory power over property owned by non-Indians within reservation boundaries. The case began when the government prosecuted two non -Indians, Mr. & Mrs. Martin Maqurie of Fort Washakie, Wyom- ing, for selling alcoholic beverages at a bar they owned within the boundaries of the Wind River Reservation. The U.S. 10th Circuit Court of Ap- peals in Denver overturned their convic- tion and $100 fine. That ruling was re- versed by the U.S. Supreme Court. The sale of alcoholic beverages on reservations is prohibited by Federal law unless authorized by a tribal ordin- ance. The only exceptions are sales on right of way for roads and in non -Indian communities. The cimouit judges said federal law on determing what is on Indian community was too vague and that Congress lacked the power to regulate Indian commerce under these circumstances. However, the Supreme Court ruled that , while the bar was on non -Indian land, it was situated on the outskirts of an Indian community and therefore fell within the law governing the sale of al- coholic beverages within reservations. The Fort Peck Tribes have not ap- proved an ordinance allowing the sale of alcohol on the reservation. .0\ / 1/ An experimental M-1414 program has b i initiated on the Fort Peck Reservatdon. Gary Meese, Predatory Animal Control Bi ologist, Montana Department of Livesto met with Tribal Game Wardens and rese vation ranchers Thursday, Feb. 20. Instruction was given regarding th e loading and setting of the M -44's (sodi- um cyanide spring loaded ejector%ch- anisms). Approximately 80 M -44's have b' is- sued to the Tribal Game Wardens. They will handle and set all the M-1 4 10 6 . If any farmer or rancher would like to participate in this program, they will have to see Stan Cline, Range Man- agement, Fort Peck Agency. The experimental program will remai in effect until Oct. 15, 1975, when fi- nal determination will be made whethe to make it a permanent program. All furs taken from predators killed by the M -1414's will become property of the Fort Peck Tribes. The sodium cyanide in'the M-44'5 is extremely dangerous if handled improper- ly. The cyanide in each M-44 is eno to kill a 250 lb. animal in 3 to 4 sec- onds. • All pastures or farms included in this project vill have warning signs posted on all gates leading into it. Al- so a stake will be set 25 feet from each M-44 set pointing in the direction o each. Tribal Game Warden Frank Smi warned that there may be more than one M-44 set for each stake. He stated tha when the M -44's are set, signs will be posted. When the M -1414's are removed, the signs will also be removed.* Section 70, of the Tribal Law & Order Code, is entitled Liquor Violation. It states that any Indian who s'nall pos- sess, sell, trade, transport or manufac- ture any beer, ale, wine, whiskey or any article whatsoever which produces alco- holic intoxication, shall be deemed guilty of an offense and upon conviction thereof shall be sentenced to labor for a period not to exceed 60 days, or a fine not to exceed $180, or to both such fine and imprisonment. This is applica- ble only to trust land. Tribal Chairman Normon Hollow stated that the tribes would use the right to control alcohol against reservation bars if the occasion should arise. He indi- cated that there would be some problems in definition, notably whether Poplar or Wolf Point could be considered Indian communities .# TRIBES RECEIVE HANDICAP GRANT Fort Peck Tribal Executive Board has / Keen informed that supplemental grant action has been approved to assist : Project Headstart in providing services to the handicapped. The supplemental grant will be used for (1) Coordination and utilization of services for handicap children in the program. (2) Development of individ- ualized activities for handicapped chil- dren in Head Start. Fort Peck Head Start staff have had little training in work- ing with handicapped children. Funds will be spent to hire a consultant to develop, with consultation with appro- priate people, activities designed to meet the specific needs of handicapped children. (3) Supplement funds will be spent to purchase equipment needed to enable handicapped children to benefit from Head Start experience.# TRIBES ADOPT SUPPLEMENT TO FISH 6 GAME AGREEMENT The Tribal Executive Board has adopt- ed a supplement to the cooperative agreement with the State Fish and Game and the If.\ , . Fish & Wildlife Service. The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service has agreed to: 1. Provide assistance to ind' livestock operators requesti.. trol of animal damage to domes livestock. 2. Provide manpower, aircraft, and sup- plies for aerial hunting of coyotes and foxes for the prevention or a- batement of damage to livestock. 3. Coordinate all wild animal control activities with the Triba Fish and Game Committee and Triba Game Wardens. 4. Make a reasonable effort to recove or assist Tribal Game Wardens in re covering furs of value to become th property of the Tribes. The Fort Peck Tribes will: 1. Grant permission to representative of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Ser vice to enter upon the reservatio for the purpose of conducting aeria animal damage control. 2. Provide ground support to aerie hunting by providing informatio whenever possible on the locatio of coyotes and foxes and assisti in the recovery of valuable furs. 3. Correlate and provide to the U.S Fish and Wildlife Service info tion regarding damages incurred b livestock operators within the res ervation. Also, the agreement will remain i force from the date of final approva and will continue in effect unless cam celled by either party upon 90 days no tice in writing. The Executive Board approved the su plement Dec. 11, 1972 and it was signe by Tribal Chairman Normon Hollow Feb 3 1975. It is currently awaiting the signs tures of the Regional Director, Regio 6, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, th 1 Area Director, Bureau of Indian A rs and the Chairman of the Montana P' an Game Commission.#