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Wotaninwowapi Page L September 11, 1975 GEORGE BLOUNT SR. - MEMORIES OF POWERFUL MEDICINE R.S.V.P. OPENS POPLAR OFFICE POPLAR -The Retired Senior Volunteer Program (R.S.V.P.) opened its office in Poplar, August 27, as an extension of the Wolf Point R.S.V.P. The R.S.V.P., a part of the Action program, offers older people a meaning- ful life in retirement through volunteer service. Senior volunteers serve a variety of Community agencies including schools, libraries, hospitals, nursing home, tel- ephone reassurance programs, local gov- ernment agencies and other service agen- cies. Arrangements for such helf are made through the local R.S.V.P. whose primary concern is matching local needs with the interests, concerns and preferences of people in retirement. Senior Volunteers help people of all ages. Everyone 60 years and over may serve in R.S.V.P. Eligibility is not based on income, education, previous ex- perience, ethnic background or creed. All volunteers are insured while wor- king and all out of pocket expenses are covered. We will attempt to arrange transportation for all volunteer work. Beulah Waller, R.S.V.P. director, .• will be in Poplar every Wednesday and will be arranging meetings with interes- ted agencies and volunteers.# EMT COURSE OFFERED POPLAR -An Ere (Emergency Medical Training) course will be starting the first week of October. Any interested persons are asked to contact Frank Smith, Poplar, by September 20. The course will run for 12 weeks with 24 classes and inservice training. Eighty-four hours will be classroom training and 10 hours will be inser- vice. Scheduling will be arranged after all applications are received. College cre- dit for these courses can be arranged.# FRAZER, MT. --George Blount, Sr., Frazer, has good memories of the past and how it differs greatly with present Indian \doings\; and he believes that even though times were rough then, times are also rough today. George, 71, was born in Poplar on June 12, 1904 to Isaac Blount and Tessa Browning Blount. He went to school at Frazer, Poplar and Wolf Point until 8th grade. He dropped out to look after the family ranch and small farming business. From 1932-33, George was in the Na- tional Guard with the 163rd Infantry in Culbertson. In the fall of '33 he worked for Re- clamation. Then came the Depression and CC (Conservation Corps) days in which dams were built and timber cleared in order to make work. George remembers times were rough during Depression and CC days. People camped out north and lived on wild game from spring till the snow was 6 inches deep. Then the CC and road department came together to gravel Indian highways from the east to the west. George was foreman of the crew that operated the 42 dump trucks and 3 \cats\ that were used. George says that times nowadays are just as rough as then, with the rising prices of groceries. He said \nowadays everything is imitation.\ In 1942, during World War II, he worked at the airport north of Glasgow. From there he started working for the Great Northern Railroad for 27 years, until he retired. George and his wife Clara have 5 girls and 2 boys living; 39 grandchild- ren; and 4 great-grandchildren. Commenting on tribal government, George said there was quite a change. There used to be only 1 board member from Frazer; 1 from Wolf Point and about 4 altogether. The past board members weren't paid, and donated their time and \paid their own way.\ Also there was no vice-chairman, only a chairman who was voted in by a show of hands instead of secret ballot. George has good memories of past celebrations. Rations weren't passed like now. There were four leaders of a celebration and these leaders each made a feast, on one day each, for the visi- tors. The committee used to \really donate in them days,\ George remembers. Rilato horses, shawls, beautiful blankets, a fine matched team of horses, \s bonnets were just some of the donations A parade would be formed at 10 . :11 d whatever was rode, worn or a e:: \ a.m. an displayed was donated after the parade. The done, ters would go into the arena one at a time and give the fine things away. George recalls the time when a man gave away a new willow hay rack with war bon- nets on each of the 42 poles. George can't see having dancing con- tests that have become a big part of to- day's e :Llileobre=nssee the mixed dances, where male and female join in. Long ago there were certain songs for women; and certain songs for men. Sundances were last held in the 30's. He said there was 2 days of sun dances and 2 days of celebration of which dona- tions were a part. On a certain day there was horse races. The ladies would play games similar to hockey while the menfolk had hand games. Also, something that has vanished from our celebrations is horse -dancing. Certain songs were sung and the horses, with a rider, would dance. George's memory goes back to when there was powerful medicine on this res- ervation. He recalls when some \big shots from D.C.\ didn't believe Indians could make water. At the time, First Eagle was a main sundancer. The \big - shots\ asked First Eagle to make water. First Eagle said he could make water come out of the sun dance pole in the center. He asked for a clean, white cup and from the lightening design on the tree water dripped into the cup; enough for all the whitemen to drink. \The whitemen said it was the best water they tasted,\ remembers George. Next, the \big -shots\ wanted the In- dians to prove they could make it rain. So a medicine man went through the cere- monies and prayed. All at once, from nowhere, it sprinkled for five minutes. \The whites didn't know Indians had that much power,\ said George. All the incidents remembered by George Blount, Sr. shows how much our lifestyles have changed and how, over the years, we have moved away from traditionalism.# TRADERS STATE BANK OF POPLAR, MONTANA A L \ lkier Nr\.\ . ` '-,:'• ' . .S .- .. 3 r- , - •-: THE OLDEST BANK IN ROOSEVELT COUNTY ESTABLISHED 1909 ME MBER FDIC HOUSING DEFECTS DEFECTS WM BE CORRECTED BEICOURT, N.D.-Housing defects in Federally subsidized new homes of 186 Indian families on the Turtle Mountain Reservation will be corrected voluntar- ily by the Turtle Mountain Housing Au- thority. According to a recent Dept. of Jus- tice news release, an agreament.was - me— diated by the Community Relations Ser- vice of the U.S. Dept. of Justice be- tween the Turtle Mountain Homebuyers As- sociation and the Turtle Mountain Hous- ing Authority. CRS Director Ben Holman said the a- greement is the result of charges by the Homebuyers Association that poor con- struction caused cracks in basement walls and other problems in homes built under th:. U.S. Dept. of Housing & Urban Development Turnkey III Program. The Turnkey III Program makes home ownership possible for low-income fami- lies through a lease-purchase arrange- ment. HUD makes an annual payment to the Housing Authority to finance the housing program. Under the agAement, the Housing Au- thority and the Homebuyers Association will jointly determine the construction defects. The Housing Authority will then seek additional HUD funds to pay for the corrective work. Contingent upon HUD's approval,, a construction contract for the work will be advertised competively. There must be a 1 -year warranty covering all construc- tion work and replacement appliances. The agreement also calls for a full audit of the reservation Turnkey III Program, a written quarterly report to each homebuyer giving the status of his account, adequate insurance to provide full replacement value for each home, and regular monthly meetings between the Housing Authority and Homebuyers Asso- ciation members. CRS conciliator Manuel Salinas enter- ed the dispute last June - -at the request of the Turtle Mountain Reservation Tri- bal Court - -when 20 of the 186 families faced eviction for withholding monthly payments because of dissatisfaction with their homes. The negotiations, mediated by CRS me- diator Jonathan Chace, requires that the homebuyers begin making full monthly payments retroactive to July 1. Eviction proceedings will be initiated against those not making a full monthly payment. CRS was created by the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to resolve disputes arising from allegations of racial and ethnic discrimination. The agency intervenes as mediator when the parties involved feel that formal negotiations may lead to settling their differences. The Fort Peck Housing Authority oper- ates a similar Turnkey III program that includes 150 homes. Similar complaints by tribal homebuyers have prompted tri- bal officials into renovating all Fort Peck Housing Authority built homes through a $150,000 Community Development Grant.#