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.....111.••••••••400www SANDERS COUNTY SIGNAL Treasure State Farm and Livestock ERE IS A REAL MONTANA FARM PAGE leading articles on this page are prepared by experts of the State Agricultural College at Boze- . where the state (Ind federal governments are expending large sums of money in experimentation to determine the best tinage methods for Montana. and these articles are descriptive of the results of this work. Every farmer reader of this newspaper is urged to file these articles away. NATION'S PIG CROP IS DECREASING L AST seasons prophecies of a fall- ing off in the pig crop in this country are being realized, says R. B. Millin of the Montana State College Extension Service. While Montana's pig crop has increased that of the country as a whole has dropped considerably, bringing hog production down to a more normal basis. The report on the national survey carried out during the month of June to determine the present condition of the hog business discloses that the spring pig crop in the corn belt states is around 8,000,000 less than last year. The June survey shows that the flood of hog production in the corn belt that reached its high point in the spring crop of 1923 is now rapid- ly receding and has about reached a normal level. The survey was made by the Unit- ed States Department of Agriculture in cooperation with the post office de- partment. Rural mail carriers were used to collect the necessary informa- tion and 123,000 farms located in all sections of the United States are in- cluded in the report. A decrease of about 21 per cent In the number of sows farrowed for the country as a whole in the spring of 1924 from the spring of 1923 is shown in the survey. Because of a slight increase in the average number of pigs saved per litter this spring the reduction in number of pigs is 20 per cent. The number of sows bred or to be tared for fall farrowing this year shows a decrease of six per cent from the number farrowed last fall. This indicates a probable reduction of 10 to 16 per cent in fall pigs, provided June intentions are not mod- ified materially by subsequent condi- tions, since a considerable per cent of bred sows do not produce pigs. The decrease in the number of sows farrowed this pring in the corn belt states is 17 per cent and of pigs saved 17 per cent, while the number øf sows bred for fall shows a decrease of 11 per gent. All other regions show a sharp decrease in the 1924 spring crop although indi- vidual states in the far west show Increases. In the south central states extending from Kentucky to Texas, the decrease is 36 per cent. All regions except the corn belt show more sows bred to farrow this fall than farrowed last fall. G. N. Moves 56 Cars of Livestock' Fifty-six cars of livestock and 12 cars of wool were shipped from points on the Butte division- of the Great Northern from July 1 to 8, inclusive, according to Clarence Hogan, chief car clerk at Great Falls. The road also shipped 51 cars of grain and 72 cars of grain products largely flour. Eleven cars of coal left stations on the division and 38 cars of ore. The wool shipments for the week included nearly 400,000 pounds. July 21, 1924 Butterfat Advances Sweet Cream__ 41 cents Number 1, 38 cents (F. 0. B., Butte) It is a great pleasure to pay our shippers the highest prices. Tag your next shipment to— HENN OMEN COMPANY Butte, Mont. 1. Home liroduct refined in Montana. 2. Made from Montana crude oil. 3. Straight-run—low initial —low end -point. 4. Twice distilled — steam distilled—purified with- out acid. IT COSTS NO MORE—S0 FILL 'ER UP WITH SUN- BURST 100% PURE GAS- OLINE. FREE! ROAD MAP OF MONTANA (in colors) FREE upon request. SUNBURST REFINING COMPANY Great Falls Montana Independent I S. 0. IiUSETH I • QuiLaT ea.x.1d16 Isturvasta oetemseessir ens Owileassa Lewis and Clarke Poultry Club Leads Entire StAte From Montana State College W HILE the average Montana ben was laying 88 eggs a year, the birds belonging to the members of the Capital City Poultry Club, the leading poultry club of the state, were producing 165 eggs a year, according to Charles E. Potter, boys' and girls' club leader for Montana. Typifying the spirit of club work, the three boy members of this organization, actually taught their parents and their neighbors, \how to do it.\ The practices of feed- ing, breeding, housing and manage- ment in which these boys excelled are being adopted by those around them and a real improvement in the poul- try practices of the community is ev- ident. The work of Albert Day, president of the club is outstanding. He has been a club member for seven conse- cutive years, the last three of which have been devoted to poultry. Al- bert started his club work when but nine years old, devoting himself par- ticularly to garden work at a time when the World War demanded the greatest possible production. Today at 16 he has developed a leadership ability that speaks volumes for his training in club work. When Albert started poultry club work he took over the family flock and since his father had been a well known poultry breeder, the birds were in good condition and of excel- lent breeding, and their management had been considerably better than that given the ordinary barnyard flock of chickens. However, Albert found that the houses in which the birds were kept were not the best for Montana conditions, so one of the first improvements made out of the returns of the business, was the er- ection of a new and modern hen house, which gives the birds every possible protection and comeort. While the feeding practices of the Day flock were such as to allow lit- tle improvement, Albert did in- troduce the feeding of sprouted oats in the winter time with such excel- lent results that a number of the neighbors were induced to do like- wise. In 1921 the flock consisted of 49 pure bred white leghorns, in 1922 there were 66 and in 1923 there were 42. The first year 70 chicks were hatched, the second, 120 and a like number the past year. The con- sistent egg laying ability of the birds is illustrated by the figures 163, 166 and 164 representing the average number of eggs layed per hen during the three year period. The success of this club member's poultry venture is even better illus- trated by the accurate and careful records kept during the three year period. The first year the total ex- pense of the flock was $103.43 and the total income $262.53, leaving a net profit for the 49 birds if $159.10. The second year the expense was $106.27 and the income was $265.27, shelving a net profit of just $159 from 66 birds. The third year, with only 42 birds, the expense was $91.45 and the income $252.50, leaving a net profit of $161.05. The quality of birds in Albert's flock can be judged from the fact that they won $45.08 in prizes in the three years they were under his management. In addition, Albert, with the two other members of his club—Edward Gallivan and Edward Fuller—went to the state poultry show at Stanford in 1923 and won first place as a poultry judging team, which carried with it a prize of $25. When asked if he had developed any particular skill as a club mem- ber, Albert very modestly replied that he had \developed a title skill in Judging poultry and also in cull- ing—hereafter there will be no lag- gards in my flock.\ Edward Fuller, another member of this outstanding club, reports that many of the neighbors have im- proved the quality of their flocks since he set the example. In many cases pure bred white leghorns were taking the plac e of mongrels, with Edward furnishing the breeding stock. Edward, too, has had three years in poultry club work. He startcd out with 12 birds, jumped to 43 in 1922 and had a flock of 40 last year. Averaging but 32 birds a year, his net profit for the three years being $154.33 or more than $50 a year. During this time as a poultry club member his birds won $26.75 for him .. inpremiums and prize mon*. Edward ad 4 rises that club work has taught him \consider- able in regard to the Judging and culling of poultry, and even more re- garding feeding, marketing, etc.\ Edward Gallivan, the third mem- ber of the Capital City Poultry Club, with a background of two years of experience in club work, also be- lieves in white leghorns, and finds that his club experience has taught him much regarding feeding, man- aging, culling and judging poultry. The leader of this club, J. R. Scott, well known poultryman of Helena, whose \Beauty Utility Strain\ of white leghorns are known throughout the northwest, is a most enthusiastic supporter of club work and even a greater believer in young people. To him must be given much of the credit for the success of the Capital City Poultry Club. Montana Shoulld Prepare to Meet the _Dockage Problem From Montana State College ONTANA'S dockage problem canot be considered as serious yet says A. J. Ogaard, agrono- mist for the Montana State College Extension Service, and yet the ex- periences of the older wheat growing states in the spring wheat belt indi- cate that farmers here will have to take steps to avoid the trouble and losses that come from foul grain fields. While the dockage problem is still of little importance the time is ripe to act to prevent it from becoming important. Proper crop rotations, the use of pure, clean seed, summer tillage, care in eradicating weeds, the use of proper tillage tools, commun- ity co-operation in combatting the pernicious weeds and other measures are advocated as means of maintain- ing clean wheat fields. These prac- tices, which all come under the head of good farming, are worth consid- ering on the part of Montana farmers, if for no other reason than to hold down dockage losses in years to come. A little realization of the import- ance of maintaining clean wheat fields is had from a review of condi- tions in the spring wheat states where the dockage problem is acute. The farmers in these states, compris- ing North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota and Montana, last year, hauled nearly 12,000,000 bushels of screenings from their farms and ship- ped them to terminal markets. After the farmers had paid a $676,000 threshing bill on these screenings, they proceeded to pay around $800,- 00 ta t er vead- them to market. Then, in of receiving anything for the screenings, their presence actually helped reduce the price received for the wheat. The screenings, removed by clean- ers, sold for from $9 to $12 a ton and were then ground up and ship- ped back to the farmers as ready mixed feed. It is estimated that in this way the grain farmer gave away millions of dollars worth of feed which should have been removedat the farm and turned into a gain in- stead of a dead loss. Spring wheat fanners who cleaned their market wheat on the farm in 1923 gained more than 6 cents per bushel, due to the fact that the act of cleaning improved the grain as sold and raised the grade one or more points. It is even more important to care- fully clean the grain that is to be used for seed for the amount of for- eign material and undesirable seed in the seed grain largely determines the amount of dockage for the com- ing year. It is reported that 96 per cent of the spring wheat farmers in 1922 planted from 1,000 to half a milion weed seeds per acre with their seed wheat. Millions of bushels mord' of spring wheat could have been grown on the land if the wheat plants had not been crowded out by weeds. Screenings or dockage can be re- moved from wheat or rye with port- able disc grain cleaner's at a cost of two or three cents a bushel. A num- ber of these machines will be in op- eration in the spring wheat states this year and many other farmers will be able to get first hand infor- mation as to how much the cleaning of wheat is worth. The average dockage for the spring wheat states shows Montana at the bottom of the list. North Dakota was highest, showing an average dock- age of 11.3 per cent, South Dakota next with 7.7 per cent, Minesota 7.2 per cent and Montana 2.5 per cent. Thus while the dockage problem can hardly be considered serious in Mon- tana yet, the figures for the other states indicate that Montana farm- ers must be prepared. . Dockage material consists largely of weed seeds, cracked and shrunken kernels of grain, chaff, broken stems and straws, dirt and other foreign material. Screenings often consti- tute from 10 to 20 per cent of the -grain as it comes from the threshing POULTRY EXPERTS TALK CULLING A SERIES of poultry culling and caponizifig demonstrations were held recently in Phillips county, where 325 peeople were not only in- formed concerning the principles of the art but were permited to view actual demonstrations. These meetings were arranged through the county agent's office and were conducted by Miss Harriette Cushman, poultry specialist from Montana State College.. Ten demon- strations were conducted in the dif- ferent pens of the county. Practi- cally every farm community of Phil- lips county has had one of these demonstrations within the last three years and already many good results are seen since culling is becoming a general practice among the farmers. One important result of the demon- stration has been that farmers are convinced that it does not pay to raise mixed chickens since every flock of mied birds had a much larger per centage of culls than the pure bred flock. H. J. Rocek of Black Coulee community began following methods suggested by the extension depart- ment three years ago and today has a good flock of White Wyandottes that are producing him a good monthly income. Last year he built a model poultry house that has given him 105 per cent satisfaction to keep his hens in excellent condition for winter lay- ing. His house is dry, warm, well ventilated, and absolutely free from frost in the winter time. Many farm- ers are planning their poultry houses from this model type.. Del Hodges of Flat Rock com- munity near Whitewater practiced caponizing last year and believes it is the only system to dispose of all the cockerels that are not sold early for friers. By following this prac- tice the young pullets will have a bet- ter chance to mature and the old hens will not produce fertile eggs in the summer time. Several flocks culled were infected with tuberculosis. Most of these be- come infected by trading and buying broody hens from neighborhood flocks a dangerous practice for any farmer. Picnic dinners were given at most of the places and at Harb commun- tly a picture show was given in the evening which was attended by a large crowd. The Rudolph Valley community had a picnic in connection with the demonstration and about 100 people attended. machines in the older wheat growing states. As an indication of the feeding val- ue of dockage it has been found that average screenings as they come from the thresher have a value for livestock feeding purposes nearly eq- ual to oats. Heavier screenings from which the chaff and lighter ma- terial has been removed has a feeding value equal to that of heavier grains, corn, barley, and wheat. • UMMER COLDS that make you so uncom- fortable in hot weather, are better treated exter- nally—Rub over chest and throat and apply fre- quently up nostrils— ICKS vApoRua Ofror 17 Million Jars Choi Year& With a good salary, is ready for you when you complete a course at this effi- cient school. Graduates make good and advance rapidly. Thorough training in Stenography, Bookkeeping and Accounting, Secretar- ial work and Civil Service preparation. We help you get the desired position when qualified, so as to realise cash di- vidends on your education. Enter any time. lf you can't come to the school, our Home Study Department brings the school to you. Write today for full Information about preparing for an of- fice position. MONTANA BUSINESS INSTITUTE Miles City - - _Montana CHILDREN CRY FOR \CASTORIA\ Especially Prepared for Infants and Children of All Ages Mother! Fletcher's Castoria has been in use for over 30 years as a pleasant, harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Paregoric, Teething Drops and Soothing Syrups. Contains no narcotics. Proven directions are on each package. Physicians everywhere recommend it. The kind you hays always bought beefireignature of NEW WELL AT KEVIN FLOWS 1,000 BARRELS The Cruntley-McKnight-Sunburst- . Corey No. 2 well is the latest to come into production in the Kevin field. The flush production was estimated at 1,000 barrels a day. Preparations had been made prior to the completion of the well to to keep the oil under control, and it was not permited to become a gusher, but from the force with which tfie casing was filled, it was thought that the flow would have gone over / the derrick had it not been confined. The sand was en- tered at 1,505 feet and drilled to 1,509. The completion of the Crumely- McKnight tends to further prove one of the best producing locations in the northern Montana field and it is expected to have an import- ant influence on developments of the future. It is a direct offset to the Queen City No. 1, which is re- garded by some operators as per- haps the best well in the field. The well was drilled to comple- tion in 16 days after it was spud- , ded in, making the job a close ap- proach to the field's record. The completion of the Crumley- McKnight serves to greatly crease interest in other wells drill': ing near the Queen City, and the Whitman -Sunburst -Corey, a third offset is drilling. The Queen City is drilling its No. 2 a short distance east of the No. 1. INVENTS A NEW HARVESTING MACHINE County Agent Gustafson of Harlem was in Turner and Silver Bow the last few days with a model of a new device for saving labor in harvesting and threshing grain. This is a device which has been made by M. L. Wil- son through information which he gathered on his recent survey of nor- thern Montana. It has as its main feature a header barge to collect the headed grain from the header har- vester. The barge gathers the grain into a stack and While it is full the stock is pulled out and left ready for the threshers. To Have a Clear Sweet Skin. Vouch pimples, redness, roughness or itching, if any, with Cuticura Oint- ment, then bathe with Cuticura Soap and hot water. Rinse, dry gently and dust on a little Cuticura Talcum to leave a fascinating fragrance on Ain. Everywhere 25c each.—Adv. TWO Grazing Tracts Bordering Lobo National Forest 25,000 ACRES and 10,000 ACRES AT $3 PER ACRE Splendid grass, water, brouse and shade. Has a southern slope giving early pasture. Railroad spur touches the land. Terms: 10 per cent down, balance if Tided into 10 yearly payments. BLACKFOOT LAND DEVELOPMENT CO. Drawer 1590, Miseoula, Mont. ••••••••,,,_ - V 4 44 yaitfy e %44 4 These Men Know What To Do! On every stock market there are men who are pointed out as the \leading salesmen\ on that market. They're the men who — know how to secure a fill and then get the stuff over the scales with that fill. The Weillers, Frank Bair, and Jack Magnus aro top _notchers when it comes to doing this—and theey're all with WEILLER 86 WEILLER CO. Livestock Commission SOUTH ST. PAUL CHICAGO MINNESOTA ILLINOIS Send for Our Free Weekly Western Market Letter Eat More Toast! . It Will TOAST It Will BOIL It Will FRY It Will STEW $.1.75 ELECTRIC STOVE and TOASTER FOR 89c Get Information from Your Dealer Handling FLOUR Made by ROYAL MILLING COMPANY GreatiFalls, Moutana 1 4 • •