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intorical ocsety 4. .o•e•.tes JUDITH BASIN COUNTY'S NEWSPAPER SINCE 1908 JUDITH BASIN STAR VOL. XXX HOBSON. MONTANA, DECEMBER 30, 1937 NO. 24 Purchase OF Surplus Products Is Completed Purchase of surplus commodities in Montana now drawing to a close. has served a dual purpose, James T. Spading, commissioner of agricul- ture said today. Last shipments of potatoes from producing centers to distribution points are now being made. Purchase and distribution of fifty car loads of surplus apples from the Bitter Root valley have been completed. \The department of agriculture, in cooperation with county agents in various counties, is pleased to an- nounce that the Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation has com- pleted the purchase of 2,800.000 Pounds, or 80 carloads of surplus potatoes in the several counties of the state where surplus of this pro- duct existed,\ Commissioner Spar - ling said. \The apple buying pro- gram from orchardists of the Bitter Root valley also is completed and most of the fruit already has been distributed to the needy citizens of Montana. \The purchase program served the dual purpose of relieving farm pro- ducers who were unable to find prof- itable markets for their potatoes and surplus apples, and of placing in the homes of relief clients of the state this huge quantity of food.\ Purchase of potatoes were made in Flathead, Lake, Powell, Cascade, Lewis Sz Clark, Jefferson, Beaver- head. Gallatin and Ravalli counties. Prices of 60 cents per hundred, paid by the government, compared very favorably with the average paid to growers in other states for surplus potatoes. Distribution of the commodities is in charge of the Montana Public Welfare department under Adminis- trator I. M. Brandjord, through its commodity division under Dwight Lobo, distribution officer, and var- ious county commodity units. While original purchase allocations com- piled by Commissioner Sparling were made on the basis of reported yield. this schedule later had to be revised to shift from communities where there was no demand for the pra gram to those communities where the market was glutted and no prof- itable outlets were available to tea ducers. 1938 Promises To Bring Montana Big Share OF Treasure Helena, Dec. M.—Montana's pros- pects for 1938 are excellent! As 1937 wearily slides into the limbo of years. people of the treasure state turn their faces to another milestone of life with revived hope, new courage and confidence that the \worst has happened.\ Things are sure to be better. And while 1937 brought its share of troubles, of disasters and losses, it also brought its share of pleasures, of successes, of joys and of progress. The fertile soil of Montana valleys and plains, nurtured by the skillful hands of Montana's farmers, pro- duced a tidy bit of wealth for all residents. Agricultural crops for the year were worth $88.636,00, ac- cording to Jay G. Diamond, federal crop statistician. This is 8.6 per cent more than the 1936 value of all agriculture. gut 1938 promises to do better by Montana. Estimates of winter wheat yield for the coming season is fora harvest one -fifth larger than the average for the past five years. These estimates, based upon scientif- ic measurements of soil moisture, have in the past proved uncannily ac- curate. They indicate an acreage yield of 12.7 bushels, compared to a five year average of 10 bushels. While northeast and eentral Mon- tana were hard hit by drouth, early summer rains in south-east Montana greatly improved range conditions. There has been steady replenishment of livestock herds over the entire area this fall and winter and with favorable conditions now prevailing, stockmen look forward to 1938 with reasonable assurance of a prosper- ous year- - -the best in a decade. MINING INDUSTRY Montana's mining industry reached a post -depression peak in 1937. the proceeds of the metal mines tax, and the payrolls of Butte. Anaconda and Great Falls reveal. With continued demand for metals in the war -torn old world countries; with a great housing program launched by the federal government: with farm elec- trification projects utilizing huge quantities of copper goods, the min- ing industry faces 1938 with every prospect of profitable and extensive operations. The lumber industry, too, will ben- efit by the housing upsurge, as will cement, building material and allied industries. When agriculture, min- ing and industry are on a sound and active basis, all other lines of endeav- or prosper and the merchant, the professional man and the worker can take pleasure from the favorable po- sition of t he state's basic enterprises. MANY ECONOMI&s (Continued on page 5) Welcome 1938! /. NOW LEK SIM—fflogr AssoLOTIOYS Z MAKE voa Irmo 11114 YEAR -- 40.1.84e t Cl WELL. '5ObJ— RECKON OE ON MY INON—TbAS ClE wORUP'S TIRED 0' ARE RzErr — WW1,\ 'YOU'RE GONNA BONO e NEW YEAR , EVEEEI6 00 Y/ Ei gMII• Land Sold For Taxes Raises Legal Question A question of great importance to Judith Basin county was recently raised by a Lewistown party who had failed to pay taxes for a number of years upon certain land ti which the county acquired tax deed through court proceedings about a year and a half ago. The county commission- ers had appraised the land at $3 an acre and had a purchaser for that amount. The former owner claimed that. he had a prior right to purchase - the property and pay a much smaller amount, which represented the de- linquent taxes with penalty and -In- terest, and no more, and that be would -have the right to pay that amount over a period of five years under the provisions of Sectián 2235 of the Revised Code. The county stood to lose more than a thousand dollars by reason thereof, and the matter was referred to the county attorney for his opinion. County Attorney Vralsted render- ed an opinion in writing, holding that the legislature was without power to enact a law which purposes. either directly or indirectly, to post- pone the payment of a debt duc the county or the state, under the pro- visions of section 39 Article V of the state constitution which reads: - No obligation or liability of any person, association or corporation, held or owned by the statc:cr any municipal cooperation therein, shall ever be exchanged, transfer'ed,`re- mated, released or postponed, or in any way diminished by the:legislat- ive assembly nor shall such I; or obligation be extinguished, ex- cept by the payment thereof into the proper treasury.\ The county attorney held that: \It is very clear that the provision contained in Section 2235 relied upon by the former owner of the land in Question, is an attempt by he legis- lature to postpone the collection of a tax. The legislature is. -without power to make a law in defiance of the constitutional provision.\ It is rumored that the dissatisfied Lewistown party contemplates bring- ing an action in court to determine the constitutionality of the law.