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T ,Asool* — 0 4 4,0ik ' \Where Wheat is THE INLAND EMPIRE \The Lt41 of OpporinnitY.\ Judith Basin Come to Moore \JUDITH BASIN'S WEEKLY\ VOLUME NINE LOCAL. LODGESTO GIVE FINE PLAY Members of Odd Fellows and Rebekahs to Present \A Noble Outcast\ at the Opera House on Friday, Nov. 5 A FIVE ACT COMEDY DRAMA On Friday evening, Dec. 5th, the local Odd Fellows and Rebekahs present a comedy -drama in five acts entitled A 'Noble Outcast at Galls hal In Moore. ' 1 There ere ten characters in the play and all -have been diligently re- heansing their parts for some time past with a view to putting on one of the best productione ever pre- sented in Moore. Prof. Geo. E. •Bo - din, who is well versed 1n amateur theatricals, is instructing the char- acters and will also take an implor- e trent part in the play. Several mirth producing sPecialties will he put on between the acts. Following is the Tony Warren, a many sided eitiarac ter, who has an honest heart beneath this ragged coat, V. V. DiaivE; iWeary Wayside, hts-henceman—too tired to swork e. Geo. Bodin; James Ba-ncl.ay, hand -hearted and vindictive, R. J. (Fuchs; Phillip • Warburton, a social leader, Jay David; Judge VanCruger, of the Supreme Court, T. E. Rice; ! Warden Burrows, of tering- mug Prison, R. M. Skyies; Jackson, the negro footman, R. M. Skyles; Lena, the reputed daughter of Judge Van Cruger, Mrs. Tabasinske; Mrs. Van Cruger, the Judges wife, Pearl Deh- nert; Miss ,Sedley, who takes plea- \Isure in being disagreeable, Margaret Woods; Sally, with a soul above haat liana Messner. , • MOORE GUN CLUB TO Nil BIG SHOOT %Wan of - Lewistown, Billings led Mites (Mr to Tab Pad—Shoot for Meals The Moore Rod & Gun i elele wil shoed a. big shoot at the elab grounds tn Moore on Wednesday, Nov. 26th, the day before Thanksigielng. Shot- guns and rieles will be used. and the prizes will be eirlitsy,s and merehan- dise put up -by 1. eel business men. file Moore Club has challenged the Lewistown Gun- Olub to shoot on. this occasion fee the Fergus county cup whist Is now in the possession Of the Litter 010. Other events will 'be for the Parsons gelid medal and -also the Terhurne gold medal. Mean - hers from Billings, Miles City and sLewistom clubs will be here to take part in the shoot. The local boys have been peacticing at the traps for the past two weeks in preparation -for the coming event and hope to hold their own with the visitors. LOCAL FARMERS TAKE UP DIVERSIFIED FARMING Diversified farming is n.Xv being taken up more generally by local fakiners, several of them in this im- mediate vicinity having recently, ob- tined isma$1 bands of sheep, whkh are being pestered on their farms Among tienie who aqtatned sheep are Clarence Robinson-, loteo. B. nilliFer- ran, Eugene Beek, Art Hauck and it. R. Thorns, each having about 5o head. Pasturing the ileids with a -few sheep is said to offer•one of the best means of keeping down foul weeds on the farm, rtihleh item Woos is well worthite care and extra fee tag necessary. Not many years ago - the now fertile harms around Moore _ 'were public range on which sheep bands, numbering into the thousands roamed at will. In the future there -401,1 be -More sheep owners, but less though better gnades of sheep. MONTANA WILL LEAD year. In the last three years our, wheat crop has doubled. . This year iti will amount to 80,000,000 bushels, and inside of 5 years I think we shall lelid Kansas, the greatest of the wheat states. We are listing with Arizona for first place in liroductioeiof copper and are the leading cattle producing state. The population is increasing by leaps and bounds, and there is , a continually increasing area of land under cultivation. Dry farming has been proven a success, and while this year our crops will be only -a Ifttle above the average, the increasing perience of our farmers in dry farm- ing - insures greater crops in the fu- ture,\ DAMAGE SUIT AGAINST LOCAL PARTIES IS ON . The $10,000 damage ease of Edveardi IF. McRae against Benjamin Lethieen, Louis Greenough, L s L. Bann -an Pat Nihilist; John B. Weidenborner, A. M. 'Mathews and Dr. E. S. Porter, Liii of Moore, is now on trial in district Court at the county, seat. It began 'yesterday -morning . at 10 a clock and 'by noon the jury had been secured. 'During the -afteenoon but six witness- es had testified on behalf of the plaintiff, considerible time being con- sumed -considering the admissability of newspaper artioles as evidence, ft, will perhaps take all day to com- plete the trial. Mr. McRae is asking Kor $10,000 damage from- the seven defendants -becapse of their having eubscribed to compraints -charging him with insanity shortly after his 'return from the Warm Springs aeg- than a -bout the...time of his restKra- tion to cap-acity, during last July. ALFALFA BENEFICIAL TO LAND Many times we have heard people use the expression, \Having your cake and eating it,\ and we never knew until lately what was meant. The phrase was always used in con- nection with alfalfa._ One day' tee be- ig e teps figuring and rand -the ainraer. A good crop of. -alfalfa hay in South Dakota weighs about 7500 - pounds. The root ite42 per cent 'of the entire plant. This large clop, when - hay is removed from the land we _would think would only use u the nitiogen but this -Is not the case. I am told by experimenters that the soil Upon which this alfalfa is growing would gain 26.2 pounds of nitrogen per acre and at the present value of this ferti- lizer the gain would represent $5.76. I take it -then that the expression meant that alfalfa gives us a mighty sped crop and at the same time does f ilet deplete the nitreigen tonteat. Is It not wonderful—when a fifteen bus- hel crop of wheat works the other way. It takes out about 22.1 pounds of nitrogen and this fertilizer is val- ued at $4.411 or in other words 15 bushels of wheat costs $4.43 worth of nitrogen. -H. F. Patterson. „ \Montana in a few, years will lead theAJnited States in the production of wheat,\ said former Gov. Edwin L. Norris to a Washington, D. C., re- porter, while, on a visit to the capital. 'It was only a few years ago that my state began to develop in an agri- cultural way. Ten years ago viis were known as a mining and , eattlecountry only, but agriculture now 'is one of our principal industries. We hale been increasing in wheat productidn at the rate of nearly 50 per cent a After a tong disagreement regard- ing the$saloonamestion at the -new town of Denton it was finally settled last week, Lon L. Davis of this city and Geo. W. Belcher of Lewistown having exchanged one of their li- censes for one °el'. F. Ward's lots. Messrs. Dais and Belcher will at once begin the erection of a saloon building at Denton. CHAS. RAY AND JOAN NICHOLSON MARRIED If the report is authentic Chas. 0. Ray certainly slipped one over on his friends in this city. The report is *current about the city that on Tuesday' of this week he was united in marriage to Miss Joan Nichoo, at Helena. ---Hobson Star. Mr. and Mrs. Ray are both well nd favorably known in this city, the hride being .a sister of .Mesdames Mathews and Nihill; and the groom being at one time emplkuyed at the Moore Mercantile store. They have many friends in this locality who join with The Empire in extending the best of wishes. Melvin Hurd, who has been spend- ing the summer in Moore, left this morning for his home at Sebastopol, California. He will stop off at Mis- soula for a day before continuing his trip. MOORE, FERGUS COUNTY, MONTANA, NOVEMBER '20, 1913. TRACTOR PLOWING IN JUDITH BASIN. _ Tractor plowing for fall seeding of -Turkey nee winter wheat in the Judith Basin near Moore, Mont. The 'best result's from dry farming Is obtained by deep plowing and the. powerful tractor is well adapted - to th work. mmiNimmi•••••••••••••••••••••••••••• BEICHIAND FARMERS PAW HIGHEST PRICES FOR WHEAT They Receive Three Cents More a Bushel Than Lewistown, Moore, Stanford, Hobson, Moc- casin and Windham This Year. Recently the Windham Leader -and IBenchiand Herald charged the Rocky -Mountain Elevator company and a 'few . Other._ line houses_ with --deserimi- inatioi in/ the prices being paid for grain, this practice being carried on 'with the alleged intent to feeble com- petition by the Farmers elevators. ft is asserted that they advanced the price on wheat at Benchlansi, where they had competition including a le - Sae -mere elev-ator, and reduced the market price correspondingly at the elevator in Windham • where ther was no competition, nor any Farm- . ere elevator. While this was neNis ea tinnily it appears there are a few residents of the Basin who are Suite conversant with Nee real situ- ation in Fergus county s 'grain mar- ket. \ The circumstance has aroused the farmers in the vicinity of the tivo towns mentioned to prompt and defi- nite action. A meeting will be held at Windham this week for the pur- pose of effecting the organization of • Farmers elevator company and the 'early erection of a house of their sown at that point. Now the, Herald asserts -that the farmers marketing their grain at Benctland are receiving 3 cents per 'bushel more for wheat than is be - lag paid at any other point in the Basin. The f ol low teig c An me nt. in east weeks issue Of The Herald ap- pears to -be founded on facts as they exist anti local farmers are anxiotill to learn who Is responsible for such conditions: The Herald scribe did a little in- westigating last Monday and . after getting facts which cannot be re- -fluted we came to the conclusion that the &turners arotfird Benchland should consider themseiveri fortunate as they are receiving 3 cents more per bilshel for wheat than any other town in Fergus county. On last 'Monday we telephoned to Hobson Moccasin, Windham, Stsitafotxl, Lewis- town and Moore to ascertain what they were paying for No. 1 Turkey tiled wheat and responded that ey were paying 60 cents- 1)(31'1)11811- W. This being a faCt we then turn- ed our attention to Benohland and 'found that the .old line elevators 'here were paying 63 cents while 'the Farmers elevator was paying 61 cents This may -be neither hard on all the farmers tributary to the surrounding towns, but of course the farmers in this vicinity are winners in the mat- ter and therefore why should they worry? At this time there are a great many explanations offered as to -why the farmers here a -re so for- tuhate, but we do not call it fortu- nate, it is simply due to the facts thee the producers have pulled to- gether In laying plains that fe enabl- ing . ths , _ partially come into pos- Vm\'W 3. 'session of what really belongs to them. In truth, . Bench -land has tOe only real Orogrissive Farmers eiev- ttor:v , ita' the JiAtth w1ie11 4 .--* owned, contrelled and managed sole= iy in the interests of the farmers. it is a Co-operative, litstAtuition and operated under the pro-rative system. The objects of this company are tan those of securing big dividends for its stockholdera. At the last -en- title.' meeting of the stockholders an emendinent was made to the by-laws settlag forth- time fact that hereof - capital stock would only be W- ee eel a dividend of 10 per cent. The move was for the Purpose of elimi- nating speculators. The amendment further adds that the dividends over mid above this 10 per cent together with paying actual running expenses shall be pro -rated among the farm- urs who marketed their grain at this elevator. While it is too soon to give out exact - figures, yet it is safe to say that after paying dive den-ds an rmening expenses, this el- evator will pro -rate something like $7,000, which represeats the balance of the profits of the concern, to the farmers who furnished the grain. Through this -method the flamers elevator has set the pace which ev- entirely sound the death knell of the old line elevators, and is there any wonder they are raising the price, of gr a in above market quotations if - *by doing so they can expect to save 'themselves from ex terinin a t Jo n Through this stiffest. kind of com- petition the Farmers Elevator of Bench -land h -as purchased nearly 100, 000 bushels of grain more than the -other two elevators combined. This en -operative plan means everything tal -the farmers and those Goun-t1 here have awakened to this fact, and we might -add that the old line complain- les have endeavored to stall ,this awakening by- temporarIlly . raising /Ole price of gratn doubt - less be- lieving that it would fool the farm- ers but ete a case where they ere fooling themselves for the' farmers be -re are too well organized to be eatt i ght on a pin hook braited for suckers any longer. Their dope, gener ally works where there are Farm- ers elevators only in name, but here in Ele&hland where the Dampers elevate ... ! -has passed mit ef the joke . stage anti become a real e0 -operat- ive institution. The i time is fast- ap- proachieg when the old timers un derstand that any effort on their part to keep the farmers around, here from coming lieto possession of their own will be fruitless. The following is the prices paid .for NO. 1 Turkey Red Wheal, Men' day Nov. 10, Lewistown - Montana Elevator Company - - - 60 Western Lumber & Grain, Co. - 60 Farmers Elevator Company - Moore Montane Elevator Company - - Western Lumber & Grain Ca 'reamers Elevator Company Moccasin' Reeky Mt. Elevator Co. 'Farmers Elevator Company Hobson Mariners Elevator Company - - 60 & Webster Elevator - - Stanford Verniers Eleva:or Company *butane Central -Elevator 'Rocky Mt.. 101evator. Co. Windh'arn WAY Mt. Elevator Co. BENCH LAND Rocky Mt. Elevator Co. 'Montana Central Farm:rs Elevator pompany JUIiITH BASIN BANKERS HOLD FINE MEETING' _ 60 60 60 60 60 60 69 60 60 60 63 63 61 Aim endonzble meeting of the Jii- 'deli Basin Bankers T club -was held at Moccasin Saturday evening, Nov. 1 PoSceving a splen.did chick n supper sensed by - La - ndlord Holt at the - Aloes Seisin Hotel,- an informal dis tesion evae h.ld and .a number . of brief ad- -dresses were listened to. \V. J. John toae.ceshier of Hee First National Bank of le.wistown, gave...a...report of the Amt rl.:an Bankers life:sting that attended at Ilosten In Oetaber. iSounty Agriculturist C. H. Peterson talked on diversified - farming anti lo - eel rurhl conditions., This club wes organized about two 'years ago through the efforts- of H. AVticdward: with the First State -Beek of Hobson, who is its seere- eery, for the purpose of bringing the benking fraternity of the Jedith eloser, together in both a bust - cogs and a social way. Those in attendance were *J. H. Morrow, of Mocre; 11. H. L. Shand, of Windham; ,Messrs Isaacson and Sal- vierson, Of Benchland; Messrs Wood o lki, f l HIb i s ,thwft on;M : 7 : 73;: of Moccasin; W. .J. Johnson and C. IL Peterson, of Lewistown and N. Taylor, of Geyser. SCHOOL FOR POTATO GROWERS A crease of -lecture e will be given 'to M • ontalie potato growers at Boze- man . ' during Farmers' Week, lanu- nry 21-29. Professor Whipple -has ha wide experience, jr - potato miltufe in Colorado, liaesachusets, Kansas and Montane,' and is authority on dry Ian Potato culture.. He knows what the 'market wants, is an expert judge of -6 - inhibition. potatoes, - and has' worked out some very interesting original problems en potato culture. Montana 'is making fine reputa- tion in growing superior spade. \Th Great Big Baked potato\ of the Northern Pacific dining service has 'flourished. Yields are heavy ( and 'quality sniurb, -both irrigated and dry. Moreover the keeping . conde Cons net seed potatoes are -such as to commend the state as a source of seed for -southern planters What is needed is co-operative effort to get Montana potatoes to market. .0ther instruction will be given during Farmers' ;Week in farm man- agement, animal husbandry and hom quaking, and many distinguished men from abroad will speak. NUMEROUS LEAKS FOUND ' IN CITY WATER MAINS Number jQ. CONSOLIDATION OF SCHOOLS DISCUSSED • State Inspector of Schools Visits Moore and Gives Interesting Talk Before a Large Audience Monday Night BENOIT- TOWN AND COUNTRY C. A. • Tcuney, state Inspector of nitre' sehoels of Helena, and Alice 0 con,ity superintendeht, were 'visitors in Moore Mdeday for the pur- pose of heel-esti-rig ttle people of this Community. of the advisability of the eonsolidatinn of several of the rine al school illettiets edjacent to Moore With the., !octal schoels. Mr. Tenhey is makine a campaien thaInuen the state end establishing • consolidated districts wherever it is . Poseitild and It is his plan e to bring together dis- tricts 42, 44 and- possTibly 67. Mr. Tenney and Miss 0 lissea Vthlt- ed a number of rural 8c:110as - dere • tlfre d_ elr al ik a tte4.at_ti al titet e've i ni u :g it a as la ire re iv e itt the op) as' in - this city. Al- though it is to, be 'regretted. that more farmers did Not avail themselves of the opportuiiity of hearing Prof Ten- ney in his 'spa ndlei talk,- .neverthe- iess those who did attend contribut towards the success of the - . meetine, by their enthusiasm and their inter-. eat shown in elitism:Hone' matters. The plan ,, these eonsalidat d districts is to maintain one echoed - - land the children from - the outside districts are transported to cud freen Jhe -cent's! school. By this 'plan the money that now goes from all thc-n?. districts toward defraying the expen- ses of the County-- High Schaal at -Lewistown, may be used by the con- solidated districts instead. A bailer echeol can be conducted where there are several good tore:hers, the 'chil- dren will be more regular in their at- tendance and where a high a. boo! is maintained the cofintey ghtldren *dB Metre -the taidnarttagew time\ the city children and dive at, e. It can readily be seen that a bet- ter equipped school will be the re- sult with the same advantages for all. This scheme of consolidation has been tried in the east for years 'and in some parts of Montmaki!, and in every case has proved etiecessfel. Preliminary to Mr. Tenneys talk, the Moore Cencert„band rendered a number of selections which were ap- preciated thoroughly, and a piano sole by Miss Dehnert and a vocal role by Miss Leah Owen, eskompanied by Miss Loretta McHugh, was enjoyed The 'Moore high school also :aver- ed khe people with a song., After the musieal part of the entertain- MIsq 0 Hare conducted an old fashimied spelling contest which 'was taken part in by many of the school children, although It wee open to all. During the past week ittunb . er of men have been engaged in digging in the mains of the local waterworks system and the loss of water in ,_the tank is now explained... Great leaks have been found at nearly, every' place where digging was done, and - in Aonie instances there are. indications tha k t ends of certain- mains were never closed when the system was installed, no end pings being found. While the \upPly of water in the town well has always been ample it has been almost impossible to keep the tank tilled. Sufficient water has Wren pumped into the tank during the past few weeks to supply a city ten - times - the size of Moore, but thrum leakage it has been wasted. The Town Council will take iminediate action toremedy affairs. , Mesdames W. J. Owen and- J. L. Letnnion were Lewistown visitors yesterday. H. E. Strong left last evening on a business trip to Grass Range. ALBERT JAEGER PASSES AWAY AFTER LONG ILLNESS Yesterday moaning at four o clock Albert Jaeger passed away, death be- ing due to consusuption. The deceased came out fiere about five weeks ego from Dakota for his lie -smith, hut owing to the long stan-d- ing of tills &tad disease, nothing. ) could -be done for him, lie is survived by his wire and 3 small children, besides a brother Ar- lbur Jaeger, who residts on the Dr. fi. S. Owen farm south of Moore. 'Ali were present at his self athbed. The funeral was held frem the Christian church at tivo o clock this afternoon. Reir'i Percy T. Cernes con - ductile , / the services. Burial being Made In the local cemetery. Contractor IV. T. Sharp and Chas. Lindquist came up from .ladith Gap and spent Sunday at home. Work on the new Security Bank building, which Mr. Sharp is erecting, is pro- ceeding rapidly and wll he completed in about two weeks, Ti l ley have also laid a number of crose-walks about the town. Mr. and Mrs. Bert Cummings, who have been living on a homestead in the Roy country, spent last evening in the city with friends. They left this mornitur for Portage, Wis.. where they will make their future home. Clarence Wilson was a county seat business visitor yesterday.