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etb vN 6. \Wh Come eat is to Moore ng.” THE INLAND EMPIRE \ Judith Basin ere Wh \The Land of Opportunity\ \JUDITH BASIN'S WEEKLY\ VOLUME NINE MOOR , E, FERGUS COUNTY, MONTANA, FEBRUARY 12, 1914. NUMBER 24. STATE SCHOOL MINIES ARE DIVIDED STATE GIVES $513,144 TO US SCHOOLS ACCORDING TO REPORT ISSUED. FERGUS CO. GETS $23,861.50 Fund Is Derived From Rentals of State Lands and Interest on the School Securities—$4.50 for Each Child Who Has Reached the School Age. ' State Superintendent H. A. Davee has just apportioned $513,144 to the several counties of ithe state in pro- portion to the number of children of sohool age given by the acchool leen- Sus of September 1913. The appor.- . tionment amounts to $4.50 per capita, kir a total of 114,032 childiten as tal- kers: 'County Noehildren Amount Beaverhead .. Big Born .. Biaine.. Brotaidwater Carbon...... Cascade . Chateau.. . Custer.. .. Dawson.. .. Doer Lodge.. Fetteus.. Flathead Gallatin . ..1810.... 8,146.00 . 497.... 2,236.60 • ..1737.... 8,041.60 946.... 4 1 ,257.00 . . 044 . . . 20,448.00 • ..8451....38,029.50 ..2435....10,e57.50 .. _2796._ .12,582.00 ..5301.. _23,854.60 • _3837....17,26.50 .. _2354.. _10,593.00 .. _5747.. _26,861.50 • ..5249....23,620.60 . . .. 4200 ... . .18,900.00 •Gramite.. .. - . Je$ter$0111.. Lewis d•ekliileate. Madison.. . Meagher_ . Miesoula.. . Ifusseishell . Powell .. . }levant .. Rosebud . Sanders , .. 865.... 3,847.50 . _4594._ .20,673.00 . 5,463.00WILL ARRIVE IN JUDITH BASIN --4-7 , 44e-cee$1,482e66 W r et t -tN4- 114F -e sNEE p . - TWO .. _1256.... 6,652.00 . ..2027.... 9,121.50 . ..1156.... 5,202.00 . _6179.. _27,805.50 . _1950.... 8,775.00 _2774._ .12,483.00 . ..1612.... 7,254.00 _3134.. _14,103.00 -1695. ... 7,627.50 . ..1717.... 7,726.50 NM BUILDING IS GUTTED BY FIRE BLAZE OCCURRED EARLY YES- TERDAY MORNING WHILE CITIZENS SLEPT. DEPARTMENT DOES FINE WORK Building at the Time Was Occupied Only By Roeseler's Bakery and Lunch Room—Only the Shell Re- mains—Building Covered by $3,000 Insurance. Yesterday motning at 3 o'clock the MIDI building on the corner of Pengus avenue and Second street was completely gutted by are. Nothtne definite is known as to the origin of the fire, attheugh it is leurmised that It started In a pile of clothing under- neath the stairway leading to the rooms above. Only one side of the. building Min Ocettpied oit the time, and. was rent- ed by Win. Roeseler, who con- ducted a bakery and lunch room. When Mr. Roeseler closed his of s business at 12:30 everythimig aPPenred to be all right, the only Mae left burning being in the cook Stove. As this etovie stood at one hide of the room and the 'abler point of the fire was evidently in the cen- ter of the building, the idea of the hileae having originated from the Stove or the chimney, as was at filet (Continued on page two.) TWO CARLOADS OF ELK IN SHIPMENT (Continued on Page two.) WOMAN SUFFRAGE CAMPAIGN BEGINS MONTANA IS IN THE THROES OF THIS NATION - WIDE MOVEMENT.. JEANIIETTE RANKIN AT HEAD State Headquarters Opened in Butte February 1—Nine Western States and Alaska Have Equal) Suffrage— Montana Bounded on Two Sides by Suffrage States. Miss Jeannette Rankin, chairman of the Montana 'Elqual Suffrage State Central committee, has sent out the ,following ammeencement to the, press of Montana: \I wisit to announce to, the men, and women at Montana that the campaigo for woman suffrage has begun. At the next general elect- ion, November 3rd, 1914,, the men of this state can vote, oo the proeosed amendment to the State granting the franchise to the women of Montana. If this amendment receives a maj- ority of votes \foe then the wom- en of the state will be enfranchised. It Is necessary that every voter be informed on this worad question. The women in almost every country on the globe are asking. for a,, lamer part in the government. Nine 'west- ern states and Alaska twee equal. suffrage. Montana Is bounded on two stiles by suffrage states. There are nearly 4,060,000 women in the United States who can vote for pres- ident. Why not the women in Mon- tana? The Woman Suffrage State Head\ - quarters were opened in , Butte Feb. (Continued., ea pies WO TO STOCK BELT MOUNTAINS These Animals Were to Have Been Placed in the Snowies But Forage • Cenditions Caused the Change of Decision—Another Car Will Arrive Later. State Game Warden J. L. DeHart Onnounces that two carloads of eik 'will be shipped from the Yellowstone National park to Fengus county with- in about two weeks, as conditione are DOW/ _favorable for captunitig the animals A third car will also be shipped here in the near future. Sportsmen of the county recently made application for several ear - leads of elk, with ,whieh to stock the Snowy mountains, butt it was lately decided that forage conditions were better in the Belts than in the &bowies, so the former location was decided upon. Fallowing the custom of previous years a masquerade ball peas given at Clary's Hail last Friday night, at which there was a good sized crowd. number of these were adorned 'With elabonalte,• as Well as comical costumes, while others (wore only a mask. When it came time to un- mask, there were many surprised per sans who had ,failed t,o . make an tbc-. Curette guess as , to the identity at some of the masqueraders. MoCol- lum's orchestra furnished the \ten- se,\ and et - tipper was served at the Moore Cafe. Everyone reported hav- ing had a aplend time at this an- nual affair. A Lincoln't\Last Shortest and Best Speech.\ Here is what Abraham Uncoilt himself called his own \last shortest and best speech.\ It is reproduiced from Stocidand's \Abraham Lincoln, The Map and the War President.\ In that book the item is printed facsimile, in Lincoln's own handwriting. It is related that the president hanself, in, one of his spare .moments, -wrote it out for Noah Brooks, then a Washington cor- respondent for one of the' -New York papers, for Mr. Brooks to print as a newspaper paragra0: \On Thursday of last week two ladies from, Tennessee came before the President asking the release of their husbands held as , pnispners of war at Johnson's Island. They were put off till Fri- day, when they came again, and were again put off to Saturday. At each of the interviews oneeof the ladies tinged that her husband Was a religious .man. On Saturday the President ordered the re- . -lease of the prisoners, and then said to this lady, 'Yo3u say your husband is a religious man; tell him. when you, meet him, that I say I am not nee% of a judge of religion, but that., in me opinion, the religion that sets men to 1.01)61 and fight against, their govern- ment, because, as they think, -that government does nett sufficient- lier help SOME mento eat th eir bread in the •aweale- of OTHER men's faces, as not the sort' of religion upon which people . can get to heaven.' \A. LINCOUN.\ DIGEST OF IMPORTANT LAW POINTS RECENTLY DECIDED THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR GIVES OUT SOME VALUA- BLE INFORMATION THAT WILL PROVE INTERESTING AND BENEFICIAL TO SETTLERS UPON UNCLE SAM'S GREAT NORTHWESTERN EMPIRE. HpniESTEADS. Actual residence,. as used LID the (astute, precludes the allowance of So Jailed. L eptis . tialetiYti , l'Amiideakee jtiW than that specifically provided for in the statute. This applies to a homestead entry - lean, who had established residence upon his claim and thereafter is el- ected to a Federal, State or County office, and whose duties require him to be ableenia Residence upon the land may be ex cursed when the winters are severe aid snowafalls to such a depth tlei nothing can be done upon the land either by miltivation„ Improving or keeping stock there. Under such COR ditions. 'removal to a lower altitude will be excused. The homestead act requires resi- dence and the mailing of a home as a condition to obtaining tittle under the - homestead laws. Inamovements and -cultivation without residence do not comply with the law. A prior Indian selection is in tie nature of a prior settlement claim: When a homestead claim is in con- flict with a prior settlement claim arid the prior settlement cilaim be abandoned ,before the rejection of the aubsequent claim, the objection is removed and the subsequent, a,ppliett- tion or claim attaches and may stand While eultivation is necessary to show good faith on the part of the homesteader, the cultivation thereof depends upon circumstances. The mere act of marriage is no bar to completion of a homestead entry Meth' by an unmarried woman. It is only in eases where the entry -woman is in derma, whether lay reason Of Marriage or otherwise,,,ebat contest 'will lie; when : marriage' does . not eaose failure to a;uerform -.the duties with reference to a homestead en -1 try, the entry cannot be successfully ettaucked upon that 'gloated. Under .ethe,..„'etsainate Ilr42.M.1111141... NON CURET LEX, the Ownembia fes-s than one are in excess of 160 acres Will not be held' a disquali- fication to make 'homestead entry. Case of Sorli vs. Berg (40 L. D. 259) OVIDIIR 11 UM. When aptilication is made for land aubJeet to appropriation by a party qualified to make entry therefor anal the only objection to ills allowance is Dome informality in the execution of the application or form in which' tees are tendered, the applicant is entitled,. as a matter of right, to a reasonable opportunity to amend his anplicaltion, or to tender the fees and commissions in cash, currency, or postal money order, as required by the regulations. ' When tracts in a. homestead, entry have been left non-con,tiguptis by reason of the elimination of a ,portion of the entry for good cause, patent may issue for the remaining por- tion .upon confirmation by the Board of Fiquitable Adjudication. This rude particularly. applies to a timber entry, when no °eminency or caltiva- tree of the land is required. FINAL PROOF. The leave of absence permitted mi- ler the act of June 6, 1913, of five mount) each year, ia .upon the condi- tion that entrymen actually reside hpon the land during the remainder of . each year and that .it. shall be continuous for a period of not less. than three years. This does not mean that he may not be absent temporarily for brief periods, for good anal sufficient rea- sons, such as obtaining supplies, matiketing crops, etc, nut does can - (Continued on page two.) HORSE THIEF GETS THREE MORE YEARS ELMER BLANCHARD SENT UP FOR ONE YEAR TRIES A GETAWAY. WAS PROMPTLY RE -CAPTURED Young Man Stole a Horse From the Mennonite Colony North of Moore - After Getting Out of the Pen He Steals Another Horse to Make his Getaway. It is reported that lamer H. Blanchard, who was convicted of hbrse stealing and sentenced to one year in the penitentiary front this ccgerty in December, had , escaped gliontey after, Out was recently re- captured and given an add i t tonal sen- tence of throe years. Blenehard Is the young fellow who stole the home from the Mennonite colony north of Moore clueing the , latter part of' November and was I'd! - lowed and lactated by J. Hofer, one of the 'members of the colony, at a. point above Irene poatotifiee in the Snowy 'mountains, and he 'wins arrest- ed lby am officer a few days latter. He 'plead guilty to a charge * of theft and was senteneed to one year. Shortly after hie incarceration he made a break tor liberty from the pen, stole another horse and made his getaway, but was finally re -cap- tured' and given en additional sen- tence of -three .years. FORCE ROADS TO BUILD TRANSFER T..-PR41.k. ROADS AT WOR-1( ON THE STATION. DEPOT LOCATED AT LAVINA After a Five -Year Fight These Roads Were Induced to Make This Ac- commodation Having Been Hard , Pressed by Business Men Along Both Lines. Billings, Feb 11 —After a fight covering a period of about five years, the Great Northern and Chica- go, Milwaukee and St. Paul . railroads tare wairkimg on the transfer depot at Lavine. The matter of foecing the railroad's to make this transfer see tomodation at that point was taken up by the Billings chamber of com- merce and business men along both lines about five years ago, but was fought by the railroads. This will remit in a mutual benefit to Bil- lings and the smaller towns along the Milwaukee, Which have hereto- fore been almost inaccessible. Will Down the High Cost of LIviree Billings, Feb. 11.—As a demonstra.- lien of What oam be done in the Way of setting a table on a smalli sent and to in a measure counteract the constant cry about the high oost tuf living,. 10 girls of a cooking class at the Billings high. edhool aerved. a dinner to 30 business men one day last 'week, -changing 25 cents each and showing a profit. The work WA'S all done by the girls un- der the direction of the domestic &dance teacher. The business men pronounced the dinner a banquet.. EDUCATIONAL ADVANTAGE OF FARMERS' CLUB Business is now done in this coun- try on a big Beale. Millions of dol- lars and thousands of people are heed in great enterpriees. A farmer tleaks with penile representing inter- esta larger than ,his own. As a rule, in business enterprises he deals with teen who have the advantage, simply because the deal means more to the farmer than to the other fellawi with his wider Bold. For example, a potato buyer in community: may buy potatoes; from 200 farmers. What is 100 per *eat. of the fenteer's b. ineee in potatoes represents one-half bf one per cent. of.the irotato-buyer's business. Oornsequently, a deal that Means 100 per cent, to the farmer 'cleans one-half of one per cent. to the potato -buyer, and because the deal means very little to the buyer and very much to the farmer, the fawner is at a disadvantage. Ex- actly the same -condition orevaillla In purchasing supplies. The farmer is handicapped because of the small amotInt of business he Is doing. A farmer who Clia use IN/10 dozen self - binders can precisase them more cheaply than the man who uses but one. The farmer vuto can sell many eatiloads of farm products of one dlass ean get a -better price for his nrodoets than can' the one who has onlly a waigonkyad or less to market. Co-operation of Peasantry. There -seems to 'be but two sole , tions to the problem of putting the farmer on an actual business basis with those with whom he has botud- nests -Outside of the farm. One hi to increase the size of the average farm; the other is to unite the in- terelliti of •sarvenel farmers - owning terms of -ordinary size for the pur- pose of outside contact, in both buy- ing and selling. The latter plait is de- oidedly preferable, -because it does not Involve the landlord and hired - help system, and makes possible the maintenanee of the famaky-sized farm, which is proibalbly one of our most I'm Porta nt Amen:lean institutions. Co - Operation, wall help to make .possible the maintenance of the family -sized farm, operated by its owner longer than it can be sustained to any oth- er way.—A. D. Wilson, University of Minnesota. FOREST RANGER IS BADLY FROZEN RANGER GREATHOUSE LOSES WAY IN STORM AND NEAR- LY PERISHES.' SPENT NIGHT IN THE CANYON Wes Traveling Across the Snowy Mountains on Snowshoes, but Fog Was Dense and He Losi Trail— Was Brought to Moore by Ranch- ers. Ray Greathouse, forest ranger in the Snowy -mountains, was in Moore the last of the week, being einroute 'to Judith Gap. Mr. Greathouse bad a narrow escape from freezing to death, while on a trip the fore part of the week. He had started over the naoun- trine from Judith Gap, his objective point 'being the Cameron ranch- on the -north side. He reached the di- vide all right, but found the fog so dense that he missed the trail down the other side. He lost his -way la- the storm and found traveling al- most impoosible. ' When neanly ex- hausted Ranger Greathouse succeed- ed in gathering entrillgt flreekood to build a fire. White endeavoring tee thaw out his snow shoes, the thongs on one of them, with which it is faat- ette,d to the -foot, was in some man- ner -burned. He was then forced to ramp in the canyon that night., A huge fire was built and it was not long until th.e snow was melted to the ground seven feet or more be- low. After keeping the fire going Saa4.10r....3 tin* he caawled jets, ,the hole, where be remained 'set iblehle.. ' ;Earthy the next Morning .he' Start- ed out, but owing to the lack of one anew shoe and from the fact that his feet had 'become wet about the campfire, Mr. Greatth*otwe froze his feet quite badly. He finally made his way to the ranch and after fin- ishing his (business was brought to Moore, taking the train from here to andath Gap where he is receiving medical attention. U. S. CASHIER CI FACES GRAND JURY CORPORATION MANUFACTURING COIN CHANGING AND ADD- ING MACHINES FAILS. MOORE RESIDENTS BUY STOCK Representatives of the Company Can- vass the Country and Sting a Num- ber of Fergus County Peopte— Some Pay Cash While Others On- ly Gave Notes. l'Phe affairs of the United States Cashier Co., of Portland, Ore., will be blaced before the federal grand' jury according /to announcement Made by the government attorneys for the district. The corporation cap- italized at 41,240,000 and whose de' d ared -purpose is the manufacture and sale of coin ohenging and add- ing machines, recently went. in -to the hands of a receiver, Who upon taking *change of the business found little or no assets of Worth, all records and .books of the eompany had gone, and officers of the concern !loam. This. conitpana is weld known in Moore and Fergus county, a number Of local residents having purchased stock in the concern two years ago. Smooth, oily -tongued and slick look- ing talkers canvassed this vicinity, tihowing samples of the much henaltd- ed machines, end , offering to those who would invest din a few shares of knock fabulous returns and incomes In a few months from this great and unequaled . get -rich -quick proposition. And the old saying that a sticker is born every minute Was again demon- strated to he tribe. They fell tor the ilehertne. One resident of this county In. 0Coritinabed oft page two.)