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• Montana Melee*leal 'Library TlislE IN \JUDITH BASIN'S WEEKLY\ VOLUME NINE MOORE, FERGUS COUNTY, MONTANA, THURSDAY, MAY 91, 1914 ..NUMBER 38 CONDITIONS IDEAL FOR DAIRYING IN JUDITH BASIN \Twenty-five years ago the ma- jority of Wisconsin's fartners were engaged In the raising of grains as a Means of livelihood, says the Helena Record. '16day this is all changed, ttheir soie crops baing hay and stteh grain that can •be •consumed on their town places. This •ehlange has lapelled the difference between sulacces• and abject failure, fdreeeith continuous croping of tho lands,twithout respect to rotation, came- smaller yields each year, until Hie operation caaeed to yield returns that affordeid even a \ - fairly good , living for the agricultueltet. A quarter of a century ago, the 'farm .housts were as a rule, small and without conveniences whatever, 'while a majority of the: barns were eall of cracks and afforded little shel- ter for the Livestock. Today, both /earn and residence are large cone tmediedie AM, 'possess all moAtern con- tventences, such , as running water, 'electric lights and apiendid ventila- tion and sanitation systems.\ \The cause of th1s. transition is directly ascribed to the adoption of a -system. which provides home con- isuseiption, for all products raised, and 'he -consumers are dairy cattle, hoe, end the horses neceesettry . to conduct the farming operations,- as well as thick ens, turkeys, geese and ducks. Crop rotation, which affords a re - 'newel of the: soil, and which, ih- ci4mtly, is augmented by systematic spreading of the accumulations of 'manure, is Practiced finest tasiduoustly profitably..\ \But it is to the dairy cow e and hogs that the larger profits of farm- ing are directly ascribable. It is the 'rule anal not the /exception, for Wis- eonein dairy cows to yield a profit ranging from $100 to $200 a year, to say nothing uf that most italirt by-pr.oduot, skim milk, which is of im- Mame value in the raising of young ewene. On the western range, it takes four years at least to - brieg an . animal to the point where It is worth $100. While the dairyman still pos- sesside his cow, the beef raisee has to sell his steer outright Again the hog twill \run after\ the cow and COW some that which would otherwise go to waste.\ I \Alfalfa -does not grow as well in. .Wisoonsin as in Montana, with the result that gnat q•uantities are ship- ped from the Treasure to the Badger etate and which costs delivered, as a 'rule, $20 a ton. Not that thee Mon- tana bay miser gets $20, but this is 4 latat it costs the Wiscornren consumer 'after ;paying the freight charges. band in Wsiconsin is worth, in the dairying section, as high as $150 an acre, and upon this, as well as the etx,peense of feeding his animals, the farmer . must make a fair percentage of profit - upon his luvestaneent. Is he doing it? The result show's' for Itself.\ \If t'hie can be done in Wisconsin on high- priced land and estnensive alfalfa why net in Montana, with its ear cheaper arces and abundance. of 'hay, costing only one-fourth as much? Why lehouIld not Montana profit from iWirConsin'd example?. One farm near 'Helena soi'd $6,000 worth of cream fast year, how many In thPI State , sold that amount • of grain which (Agree anywhere near the same Asti° of profit? The .Montana farmer has other advantages—better forger crop yields per acre. and the non-nece fatty for silos, when the hay 'is properly ouifed.\ In the Judith Basin and 'partieu,lar- lie around Moore, conditions are ideal Tor •dairying and more attention Should be paid to this Class of farm- eng.• A few good cows will teoon pay for themselves, and 'Cake good pro- fits. With more cow.s will tome the creamery, and perhaps the: farmerS 'co-operative laundry with it as a aide 0 .:ne. Such on establistunent is ta eucceessful operation at Ohetfieki, -Mine., and it its , doing much to &tint- *nate for the overworked farm women the t3•Frors of \blue Monday.\ Thia. laundry is worked in connection with 'the creamery and patrons and stock- holders both receive good returns. 'Dairying and _kindred diversified 'teeming w?.111 bring surer returns to tbe. farmer than if he depends upon one crop or kind, of farming alone. THE HAND GLORIOUS (Continued from last week) handel/adetireste ettewadel e ' It with all thy \What) la that in thief,' bane\ William. Booth and George Williams and Francis E. Clark had sometihing in their hands, only a talent it mare have been at the beginning, , but they clasped bands with the Divine, and tie three of the most marvelous institutions for the 'uplift of man, namely, The Salvation thel Y. M. C. A., and the Christian Endeavor. Wheal God can , have the prOvilege 'of using a human hand He makes it Hill own. John B. Gough used to tell of an English traveler who, 'while' 'passing though New England shortly after the Civil War, said to his com- panion, \The painful feature to me of New England country life is the im- tmense amount of human - vegetation. one sees.\ \What do you mean?\ asked 'his companion. '(Well, in these isolated country towns where no rail- road approaches, what do the people de What do they see? Where have they been? What have they kalown? (Continued on Page Four) The Store That Treats You Right WHAT'S THIO USE, MADAM, TO GO ANY FARTHER? Our Dry Goods Department la stocked 'up with the greatest argot of SPRING GOODS everI displayed in this city, and first class quality With low prices. Sage your TIME and MONEY in beefing Deese Goods,- Ladle,' Furnishings, Idnens, Calicoes,10401ehamse Laces, Ribbons, Etc., here. • KABO CORSETS—FASHION'S MODELS Our Grocery businea s measured by the same golden rale of a square deall for all. USE THE PHONE—NO. 77 PROMPT AND CAREFUL SERVICE Power Mercantile C MOORE, MONT. KNOCKING. —Sykei in Philadelphia L,e-eee BIG HARVEST FOR THE JUD! According to H. F. MEeiner o 1:It s thing never looked more promising tio the erop line than at present, or the' farmers of the Judith Bastin noun - 'try. The winter wheat is especially fine in appearance,\ said Mr. Mistier, - \and we have lots of it through the , Basin country. There has been s-uffielent rain rece•ntly to leave the ground in excellent growing condition 'and there is no doubt about e fine crop. The range is excellent ant stock looks very good. - \On: of the amusing things to many of us is that land which wei have found to he highly valuable for wheat growing a tow years ago was TOWN OFFICERS DISCUSS AFFAIRS ‘. regarded as good only, for range pur- Sons of V. terans for iVientorial Pay pews. I've been in the , Basin for 23 'exercises iii Che city. The selection years and if anyone had predicted 15 of A. G. Denton us fire chief was to 18 years ago that we would bk. 1/4141•Y confirmg . .The department's harvesting 'wheat -crops of 40 or more 'request to have the old fire bill re - bushels to the acre, they would have, palreel and pliteed at the new fire stir been gie an the laugh. But they are \Yu was tabled. The installation of getting that sized crop now, so it Ian' \Hart Sanitary water trough tins! 'would have been a good prophecy. idrinking fountain\ on Fergus avenue \The recent rains have delayed the, waf/ 'work of sowing .the awing grain to 1 lteyor Hedrick annotteced the fol- 'some )2attent but all things considered,'towingappointments of officers for we have been favored with a de- the ensuing year, nil of which were tighten tat ason and one . that will : 4 4 4 Y wnfirmed: M. El' mean plentiful harvests.\—Great Palls ' 6\dge; J. A. Hendricks marshal, -waterworks engineer and street cone itniesiotere H. N. Klinefeiter town 'clerk and treasurer; Dr. E. S. Porter, 'W. F. Roeseler, W. T. Sharp board of health; Dr. E. S. Porter health of- ficie Th r. e, standing committees , named are: Ordlitance—Banne.n, lesckalew Sharp, Roeseler; Finance and Pur- 'chase—Buckets w, Bannan, Sher); 'Streets—Sharp, Roeseler, Bannan; Viee—Roeseler, Sharp,.. Buckalew; Waterworks — Bannan, .13uritale•,w, Roeseiler. Alderman Batman was re- elected precedent oi the council. A tompromisa. settlement of A. O. Gail's claim of $18.75 for $1e was reported and a warrant ordered drawn there- for. , The following bits were allowed: Chas. Hastnan, labor $15.70; Moore H. & I. Co., supplies and taps, $65; •W. F. Hunter, dragging streets, $3; W. T. Sharp, eamee5.50; H. N. KIlnefelliter, stamped envelopes, $2. Some informal disicussian was had, as to side -walks . about town, dis- orderly houses and the number of eeloone In the city, but no aelion was taken of record in these matters.. Persintet to motion the entire cettnell visited' the water tank Tues- day morning to investigate and de- termine hew to best repair a leak in the stand pipe. •Necessary new pipe Will be obtnined and the repalibMadst later on without inconveniencing con- eumers more than possible. Tribune. Mr. Mistier Is one of the well known. pioneers of the' Been and has many friends in the Moore dis- trict. The great change which has taken place in the Judith Basle der - kw the past fetvi rears has been the 'source of wonderment to all. Practically the first wheat grown in the Basle was produced by the homesteaders who located on Rock creek bench, just south of Moore. The first few settlers wen looked 'upon with surprale and pity by those who had resided in thief valley for several years, and 'Meta but natural they should for horses, cattle and Sheep bias roamed over and fed on• Its plentiful grasses since the days of tbs buffaloes and Iodiamst, and witn 'no railroads to heal the grain trans- portation was a •difloult problem. \With the building of the \Jawbone\ 'Railroad came the growing of mone grain, followed by the establishment of grain elevators and warehotrees. gibe first grain elevator in the Judith Eastin was erected by the Montana Elevator Co., at Moore, less than ten years ago end since then nearly every new town has seoureid one or More. For A number of years there Were those who asserted that wheat sleight be grown on Rock creek bench, but they •would have to bet shown that it could be produced elsewhere. The Moore grain market has been the leading one in the amount of wheat shipped out and will perhaps 'continue so for is ,fiew years, more, •but tnow the entire Judith Basin is e pra•c- %Wally one immense grain field 'due harvest tin*. Farmers in the Moore district are 'commencing to diversity their opera- tions and this Indicates the great \wheat shipments will be changed in part to shipmelitte of more and .better horses, cattle, hogs, sheep, poultry and dairy products, and timothy and alfalfa, both seed and hay. . s Au adjourned session of the Towle was ,h+eld Monday evening, 'Mityor Hedrthle and all the Aldermen exce pting \V. F. Roessler, being 'present. A road grader has been promised and will be brought from the counti teat today and put to work on our grals. The ordinances as to fire limits end licenses were referred to she ummittee for revision • and': repor1. lit next 'meatus:. • Tha., matter„er • seying water to tank wagons and out- side consumers was referfed to the 'Nat er works committee. Aldermen Buckalew, Batman and Sharp wero. appointed to co-operate with the HAS POOR ATTENDANCE \The Dawn of Plenty\ entertain- ment, given at the Opera House last Thittedny evening, was an excellent 'one, tho the attendance' was very poor and disappointing. The views /and moving pictures 'shown were In- iteresting and instructive and . it is to he negretted that more people did tot take sAkrautaga of it \JAWBONE\ OPENED WHEAT GRANARY TO THE WORLD A most important event ist .the history of the Famous Judith Basin awl this Slate occurred when the e.lawbone\ • Railroad Was completed 'into teis -county. The doors of the Northwcst's leading wheat . dis- riect. eere opened to the outaide Would amid the stage- horse and coach 'gave way to . the locomotive and freight and posse - tiger cars. Much 'credit is due to Richard A. Harlow for elfs deed, which under the elr- eunistances exititibg at that time, was perhaps a more eifficelt task than is 'realized. H. D. Moore, of Philai'lel- •phia, 'after whom the town of Moore Is named, also aided - consederably in 'the work. Mr. Harlow is the own( r of a etrge etoe nh k rac south of Moon:, where he pisetke•s a 'specialty of high grade eVeite Facie Hereford cattle, Ile •speuels feeTeeTrit rs in New York and 'Washington, but enjoys his attinmens at his Montana ill neill , whi, al is under 'rho ,foretuanship of Ross Brown . Untler the heading \Bits of Mote tuna 11'story.\ the Great Flans Tri- bune li giving some interesting and facetiously written history of the 'State and recently told of the truildr ing of the old \Montana Railroad' as follows: The building of the Jawbone rail- road was started about fifteen years gee, and WaS the direct result of a hideous nightmare enjoyed one night by . one -- Welland' A. Harlow. Although 'christened the \Montane\ the road 'was known the country over as the \jawbone\ as it had been built en- tirely on tettive and chin oil. The lead- wee lanilt by jerks, the period ot,deeetrection being regulated by tha;detegtli of, time the steel tiontea - 1 lir& iiiiiii4 it'll's! - o • 'a \jew•botte\ baste. When 'completed rielie road was 150 miles Wag, Lone 'hand and Lewistown -being its termi- nals.. The road :fernitsited- an outlet to le vast territory embracing the upper idegelele II talley and the Judith Be.- ein, grown rich and obese in the rattle and sheep industry. Thiel wealth elle obesity the Jawbone com- pany Immediately began to annex .:hrough the medium of excessive freight and passenger tariffs. The Stock men yipped and the merchants eiapped. Carentba! and also -Sucre ibleui! Ain't we going to get a square deal? they howled. Not while you've got any dogies and woolie,s 'left, said the company. And the feeneany kept its word. The road gave one a pain to look at it and also a pain to ride on It. -/es• one old -tinier aptly stated: \It's the roughest and crookedest and the fastest anal the damn•ationlit rail- road on earth or anywhere else.\ 'And it was the literal truth. When to the engine.rs and contractors: \When you come to an obstaole go around it; it's cheaper.\ The follow- ing stony is 1 - 1,usteative oil the voila: The rail -lay hug crew came upon an old cow ly'ng • in the toad, contented- ly chewing her cud. \Git up, bossy,\ sa.fti a terrier, poking her with his to:. Bossy grunted amiably wriggled her estre but didett budge. \Hey Shore,\ yelled the foreman, running up; t'et the cow be. She's an ob- sitacle; go around it.\ And to look 'atehat weegle, 'kindly line of rails 'one was led o belleee that there' 'were- •anal millions of lbossies on He' right-of-way between Lombard end Lewistown. . But the cOrkserew architecture of the road did teo interft..re with ml - la-mini:4.e service. The engineers and firEmen were ail closely related to Casey Jones. \Beteha two bits we don't igekt. 'es,\ saes the firemen to 111, engineer appro.:telling a forty -de- gree curve at the rate of sixty miles an leier. \Gotcha.\ says the engineer, emid polls her open another notch for Illcasure. \Bet you ask, -didn't it make the passengers ill?\ e diene. The passengers were 'usually too degone sick to be Ill. Peen, ordtwary 'see -sickle 88 is Jena hreles and straw•berry ice cream corn - pared with that devilish nightmare +of agony that e trip on the. old Jaw- bone won Id hand •out to you. But now, ilk.. the iii. aisles and chickenpox of our childhood, the old .hrweene is but a painful memoty. -Five years age the C. M. & St. P. bought, it and made of it a real rail - 'road instead of a hellish instrument ef torture. But credit:els due the tawbone for one thing at least. Anal That Is, that free tealsea coiled , not run up hill as Past as they 'could down. BIG CROWD ATTENDS Thc Christian church wae filled to overflowing last Friday evening with telutives and friends of the graduates uf the Moore High school to listen to the commencement exercises. The church. was beautifully decorated with flowers and evergreens and a neat 'platform arranged for the speakers and graduates. The class membere •were handsomely gowned and dressed for the oceenion. The orchestra and quartet, and Mrs. 'temm.on and Miss Leah Owen, in a duet, rendered appropriate musical tele-edema. Judge. E. K. Cheadle gave an excellent address calling atten- tion to the needs of the. coman•unity'ln eropenly supporting the Schools and training the youth of today. Dr. S. S. Owen, president of the board; in a 'few wellgehosen remarks presented Construction started the •company said thediplomas. FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS The United States is now divided into Twelve Banking Districts. The First National Bank of Moore is a member of the 9th District, which includes Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, part of Michigan, part of Wisconsin and Montana. The Regional Bank of 'District will be located at Minne- apolis, Minn., and will have a capital of $4,702,864.00. There will be 687 member batibs in this District. As a •member of the 9th District, the First Nationed Bank of Moore, well give to the people, of this vicinity every advan- tage of the new financial and currency system now in process of organization. The First National Bank U. S. Depository for Postal Savings •