Big Hole Breezes (Jackson, Mont.) 1898-1915, May 30, 1913, Image 1

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IflflSps Largest Circulation Bast Advertising Medium In The Valley Volume 15. WISDOM, MONTANA, FRIDAY, MAY 30, 1013. N u m b e r 2 5 P O P U L A R T A L K S O N T H E L A W Up In the Air Over Zeppelin IV.: Dawn In Cells With Militant, J O L T S F R O M JACKSON PARK-TO-PARK ROAD The United States, California and Japan. (By Walter K. Towers, A. IF, J. I ) . ! the kind of children who are to go of the Michigan bar.] | to school with your children. Cal- The wide publicity given to the j ifornia did not wish to bar all aliens Hems ^Front Up The Valley Commercial Club to Hold a proposal of the commonwealth of California to bar the Japanese from ownership of real estate in that state, the ineffectual protests of the executive heads of the United States and Japan, brings before us the complex form of our government. We all know that there is a nation­ al government and a state govern­ ment. We have been told that the United States is supreme-yet as to just how far it is supreme is a mat­ ter that is not altogether clear to most of us. How is it that the 6tate of California may pass a law denying to Japanese the right to own land within the state when the national government may have though we have no evidence that congress has- entirely different wishes about the matter' The field of government is di­ vided between the United States and the state. The United States has the powers given under the constitution which we hare read and re-read as it appears in the back of school histories The powers and capabilities given the United States under that wonderful document are the only powers it possesses. It has no others. It has no natural, inherent powers. Congress may legislate only con­ cerning the matters of which the constitution gives the national gov­ ernment control. The federal courts have jurisdiction only of questions involving the United States consti­ tution, its laws or treaties. The constitution gives to the United States the entire treaty making power and bars the individual states from the realm of international re­ lations. As to all matters which the fed­ eral government does not exclusive­ ly control under the constitution, the state has complete and sover­ eign powers. The state is possessed of all the (lowers of government not denied it by the federal consti­ tution. Thus we have two gov­ ernments, each supreme within its sphere. When the two authorities come into conflict the state author­ ity must yield, for the federal power is supreme in so far as it reaches. But in matters of which the federal government is given no control un­ der the constitution, the state’s power is complete. Generally the state has complete power to regu­ late its internal affairs. And so it is that we find the state prescribing who may own real property within its borders. Every state by its laws prescribes who may hold land. One restraint that is placed upon the state is by the provision of the constitution that the treaties of the federal government stand upon the same plane as the laws of congress —they are the supreme law of the land, and if any provision in a state constitution or law is inconsistent with a federal enactment the meas­ ure of the state most give way. The state in making its la vra most have l egatd for the It cation which from owning land, for that would drive out foreign capitalists who arc assisting in the material develop­ ment of the slate’s vast natural resources. The discrimination in the bill originally proposed was found in the phrase \aliens ineligi­ ble to citizenship,” which aroused such strong protest from President Wilson and the state department as being offensive to a friendly nation. This distinction is the one which the United States has itself enacted into its laws governing who may become citizens The right to be­ come a ' United States citizen by naturalization is limited to \aliens being free white persons, and to alums of African nativity and to persons of African descent Thus, generally speaking, only members of the European races may become citizens of the United States. The courts do not view the Jap as a white man. The son of a German father and a Japanese mother was recently denied the right of citizenship Chinese, Phil- i(linos and members of other of the | yellow or brown races have repeat­ edly been denied citilenship under the federal law. When the state says that “aliens ineligible for citizenship” may not own land it takes advantage of the distinction in the federal law, and it means that members of all but the white and black races arc barred. Other states than Califor­ nia already have such measures. The alien land law of Washing­ ton provides that “any alien, except such as by the laws of the United States are incapable of becoming citizens of the United States may acquire and hold land,” etc. The state of Arizona in 1012 enacted that “no person not eligible to be­ come a citizen of the United States shall acquire title to any land or real property,” etc. Other states restrict all aliens generally. The federal constitution contains a pro­ vision which prevents a state from barring the citizens of other states within the United States, for that document requires that there be no discrimination against citizens of other states within the United States. The Webb act, which California substituted for the measure earlier proposed, drops the phrase “ineligi­ ble to citizenfhip,” yet preserves the same distinction and arrives at Sent In By Our Special Correspondent Meeting at the Cpunty Seat on June 7th Phots* by American Free* Association. % T IIESE Interesting pictures tell their own story of two Important new* events abroad. The airship Is the Zeppelin IV, the German army dirigible which stirred up a fuss by getting out of order and out of bounda. It came down at Lunevtlle, Prance, near the German border, on the French military grounds, and war talk Immediately broke out This Incident must have pleased the war manipulators in Germany If recent allega­ tions are correct The other Illustration shows the suffragette arsenal captured by the London police. Tbese are the Implements of war which the “votes for women\ agitators used In burning letters In the street mall boxes, cutting tela- graph and telephone wires and In setting fires. The regular issue of T he BitEEZ-j Frank Hazclhakcr, secretary of will be out today, and I am here! the Beaverhead Commercial Club, 'ready to “jolt” aid “spout” and j telephones in to us that a meeting say; Mr. Engineer of the Rip Saw |to devise ways and means of assist- now don't get gay, or I will hand j ingin the building the proposed you some more in a self-convincing park-Lo park road will lie held in wav that may shatter your timbers , Dillon on Saturday, June 7. and dull your saw, and cause your | temper to wag your jaw And ah' but say ... The little burg appears tu be quite busy Ranchers arc in daily alter supplies, repairs, blacksmith- in.g, etc , while oih-'cs are moving cattle in all directions. We also note many transrionts and business men from the outer world Ranch­ ers arc making cxtcnsivf repairs on water ditches, several large canals are under construction and we hear occasional reports “short of hands \ Woody Bros and John Jackson have well under wav a very exten­ sive and expensive reclamation uu delinking They haw completed several miles of a < anal, N feet wide on bottom, two led deep on lower side, with (>■-inch pitch on bottom to upper side The greater ! part of the work now completed I has been in solid rock, and is being inti rested m tin, proposed road to 'performed by Alfred Jefferson, uu-; attend this meeting Stei» will ! der contract at the rate of $11.50 probably be taken at that time to I er rod, together with supplies arrange for the soliciting of sub- This canal is taken from the head scriptions from the citizens of the waters of Warm Spring creek It county. The Forest Service has will be over HI miles long and will J promised to its sh$re, as have irrigate the high hillsides and I tench also the Beaverhead county corn- land east and north of Jackson nnssioners. and it remains for the Another baby girl has been en- , HS|dents to do tlu iru robed to make happier the family; Hie Big Hole basin is especially of Jules Wenger Mother and in- ontcmitfil in the project, and wo fant are getting along nicely and j ^ °l’c a *aITe number of our ranch- the Jackson school district, with F. A. Hazelbaker Scc’v Beave rhead Commercial Club The dull urges upon all who are Stockmen Hold Import­ ant Meeting By-Laws Have Been Drafted by Committee and Preparations for the Big Sale Next Month are Well Under Way A meeting of the newly-formed Excelsior Club. Big Hole Basin Stockmen's Asso- ------- ciation was held in Wisdom last; One of the most pleasant mect- Saturday night, when affairs per- ings of the above named dub was taining to the forthcoming sale j held last Saturday afternoon at were thoroughly discussed. A1 Sunny Slope with Mrs. W. A. Arm- committee, consisting of Messrs. E. I itage, the president of the organiz­ ers will endciivor meeting. to attend the Jahnkc Sells Steers the continued increase of per cap­ ita, will forever flourish without special tax. It is very seldom that wc sec the Big Hole Rip Saw in this cud of I A, F Jahnkc, the butcher, last the valley, unless someone with a Tuesday morning started out four sample copy notes some red-hot ! carloads of In-ef cattle to the l’ort- blatancy or jnuendo harangued at land market As a shipment of some of our most worthy citizens, finished beef, this is the first, we such being the case u]>on one of ^ believe, that has ever been made our townsmen receiving a sample from this station; and, as an in­ dustry, the enterprise may be con- of the last issue, wherein he read the article relative to Frank Fra- j sidered as entirely new. It marks zier, buyer for the Seattle firm of an e p x h in the cattle business for Frye Upon reading the ridiculous Ix*mhi county. Previous to this accusation aloud, the comments,shipment, the custom bos been to were various and laughable, some, drive all steers to the Big Hole ba­ contending that a man who would sin, or to some other point, to be give vent to his jealousy in such I fed and shaped up for beef. Bnt form must be a damphool; but Mr. Jahnke knows the feeding the same end in very much the, ian(j Up0n w}jich to erect sales • ad 0f whom were guests at the de- the United States has negotiated with foreign countries. California was free to enact any measure she taw fit concerning the ownership of land so bag as no provision o f a treaty was contravened- CaBfornia’s avowed pmpose was to discriminate against the Japan- same way, still relying upon the discriminations made by the federal law of citizenship. Under it all aliens eligible to citizenship may ac­ quire and hold land in the same manner as citizens of -the United States. All other aliens may ac­ quire land and hold land -“in the manner and to the extent and for the purposes prescribed by any treaty now existing between the government of the United States Fortunately for California's pur­ pose of barring Orientals from own­ ership of land, the existing treaty with Japan does not extend to Japanese the right to own agricaf- tnraltexi. Under the terms of the treaty Japanese subjects are per­ mitted t o own \houses and land for N. Jones, Mm. Montgomery, C. Illation. The members made the ... , .. . . ,. . . . , ., ,, I , . . , _ . . Jolts fully realized that the poor, i business himself, and he has given Strowbndge, C. E. Miller and 0.; drive m autos chauffeured by C. H ., , / . .......... 1 , i . , . . . , ... . , . B. Canfield, was appointed to sc-1 Strowbndge, J. T. Armitage. Dic k lect and negotiate the purchase1 Shanklin and Mrs. J. T. Armitage, yards and emfiowered to secure lightful hot dinner served by the material and have yards immedi- hostess. The feature of the after- ately constructed. I noon’s session was a paper on This committee has since pur-' “ Music” by Miss Charlotte Wold, chased 10 acres of land from Joe j After dinner several musical selcc- Amoid north of town on the west tkrns were rendered by Mrs. H. S. side of the road and work will be-(Armitage and Miss Mrold. The gin a t once. The committee has next meeting will be held on Satar- also secured an option on 2.3 ad- day, June 6th, at one of the Ja.k- ditional acres a t $25 per acre. j sob hotels, when Mrs. Frank Hu- A committee, comprised of Mes-jsted wfil entertain. The club is . . . 4 . , . . . . ,. . „ r w i a c u T t . * t : finished soch writings he sits down, the best in tnc wond. and yet the srs. O. B. Canfield, Chas. L. Law- : taking up a course of study of the . . . . * . t „ * , ° F ' « n t h ta m & r v n M * r it i f n f w r H f i / ' f l h*ati*.rsrruT*-i;v>r T%f\t a l ’w rtitfc verbose unfortunate was not to be | this prime lot of cattle special at- blamed. as any man that wall p e r- ; tention, fattening them upon the mit himself to hate, imprecate and | nulli secundus products of Lemhi presage against, not only the editor farms, and turning them over to of the “rival sheet,” but anyone the commission men, ready for else that might write a few light ar- killers. tides and hapjienings of the week | It is a notable event, considered for T h £ B keezes , or directly or in- in an industrial light; because it directly patronize that paper, is la- means the proper appropriation of boring under a peculiar form of in- local resources, and also the ex- sanity—a form of jealousy and1 elusion of at least orie or two of hatred that would make him a the middle men who have ever had dangerous person to form an ac- a dig at the profits of our chief qoMBtance with. When he has range produ.-t. Here the hay is r ~7 **!.«, 1 T “ T \ T with a manner of great importance .hav-producer does rK.ce.Dd W. A. Araaage, ta»-Stttt Uw, of M odub .. »d * h, £ slmll do w h and the nation or country of which such abmisjL dtjzen_ o r a ib ject. AS£| oLby-kwswhaeh will j Miss Cornebe will be responsible j ^ believes that he has done; be acted upon at the next meeting j for the first paper appertaining lo of the association on Jane 7. 'that subject. something to be proud of, but if he not always his He sells his cattle to the hag farming land withsa the United States ami so the state o f Cables’- a it is n et reinsured, h y tom a togfct ... . . , ....... ......firstbuvxx.tlmtcpmes . ... along, anal\ did not know, the more knowing a . jbfc ©f first jriass public in general are sorry- for him, OVCr t i l next year, for want of wfcflc he has impressed no oee t e t - a satisfactory market. Let him himself with his harangues o f jeal- feed, fatten and finish his bed oo ■ «sv “Jolts\ notes that his last the graad. m Ks own fields, and tTcx. u a a , ynoKxpsu «. «»= J . . I bs business w2i prove far mom Wwdbtopeiie schools. wffidfeSiw|iet^T* K ^0|5^ ^ a *'1:ae£^ ac‘ i|«ti&ahie,«MetoelBrtStf of hit Prof. Dean to Lectwre R a t Beta, priaripad of toe J! »& '• ' 4 !, ,

Big Hole Breezes (Jackson, Mont.), 30 May 1913, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.