Big Hole Breezes (Jackson, Mont.) 1898-1915, May 30, 1913, Image 2

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mmwm m m ^ H S M B s mmi. Survey of the World’s News MAIL ORDER TOWNS SOON LOSE THEIR ATTRACTIVENESS RESIDEN T WILSON has wade — mj up-tas~ntind\tP pay a vlsifto .... r Panama immediately after the * adjournment of the extra ses­ sion of congress. — The president is figuring on the ad­ journment of congress about Aug. 1, being more optimistic than veterau congressmen, who believe that they .will be obliged to stay until well into September, From present indications It is likely that President Wilson will remain in Washington most of the time that con­ gress 'will be in session nud will make few visits to Cornish, *-X. II., where Mrs. Wilson and her (laughters will go for the summer. The president, it was said, hesitated some time before deciding to go so far away from Washington. His inclina­ tion was to rent a cottage at Sea Girt, IS’. j„ where he spent most of last summer. In abandoning this plan, however, he was influenced, it was said* by the consideration that his presence might tend to detract from the dignity of Governor Fielder, who, following the custom of other state executives, will spend a part of the hot season there. Still another Impor­ tant consideration was that the presi­ dent felt that he would be overrun with political visitors at Sea Girt and would have practically no rest if he went there. it ft A GREAT SW ISS PARK Switzerland is about to establish the largest national park in Europe. It is located In the canton of Grisons and haa an area of nearly eighty square miles. There are fourteen national parks In the United States, and seventeen other locations have been reserved from en­ try and set aside as national monu menta. * * BIG CAVE IN UTAH With what appear to be prehistoric hieroglyphics carved on its walls, a mammoth cave was discovered near Ogden, Utah, by Thomas Whitaker, a rancher, who led a party of University of Utah professors on a tour of inves­ tigation. The cave is situated in the moun­ tains near Promontory point, eight eeu miles from Ogden, and had prob­ ably never before been visited by white men, as the surrounding coun­ try is a bleak desert. The front cham­ ber of the series is 75 by 150 yards in Rlze, forty-one feet high, and the walls bear pictures of Indians, crudely drawn. There is an Indian legend in the lo­ cality to the effect that a great battle was fought years ago between two tribes near the lailnt, the vanquished having perished in a cave. * It TO MAKE TAR8 HAPPIER (Secretary of the Navy Josephus Dan- lels has been at work on a scheme for the greater contentment of the blue­ jacket In the navy. He believes that this would result in Increased efficien­ cy and far greater results. The council of aids and the surgeon general of the navy, Charles J. Stokes, made a few recommendations seeking better health conditions In the navy. A few of them are: A definite allowance, announced In ad vance, of an average of a week’s over­ haul at anchor for a week’s under way. The announcement of definite leave for officers and men amounting to thir­ ty by American Pres* Association. Josephus Daniels, Who Wants to See Mors Contentment In the Navy. ty days each year, to be distributed be­ tween the overhaul period and Christ­ mas holidays. Provide a large recreation building for the men at Guantanamo. Ships to visit other tbsn ;boir repair ports some time daring the year. A cruise to foreign ports other than West Indian waters, to be made as often as consistent with the work of the fleet. “W e must hare contentment fn the navy,’’ said the se-retary. “The per­ sonnel cannot be efficient if it is not contented.” n f t ......................... BOLVING RURAL PROBLEMS The Fairfas-Awjorer tyibm-i Social dreJfc an organization «®tJstteft of o f tarn tewmfldpa,’ With their tertatmuents, but at every meeting there Is dtePfiSMtSTdr\s6me_rcal''pK»b': lem of farm life. The result is an in­ telligent co-operation that is not only making the community one of the thriftiest lu the entire state, but also has raised the social and Intellectual standards. * ft SENATOR SIMMONS’ BUSY JOB Among the busiest of men in the Six­ ty-third congress is Senator Furulfold Mel* Simmons, chairman of the senate committee ou finance. On this com-, mlttee falls the responsibility of su­ pervising and overhauling the tariff re­ vision bills after they have passed the (§ 1913, by American Press Association. Furnifold McL. Simmons, Chairman of Senate Finance Committee. house nf representatives The chair man is the only mnsenntivp member on the hemiH ratio side of (he commit tee. Senator Simmons is a native of North Carolina. In Ills sixtieth .'ear and Is a lawyer In profession He was eledeil to (lie Fiftieth (’ongress In IHSfi, and during President cie»eland's second term served as collector of internal revenue In I lie Fourth district of Ills native state For many years he was chairman of the state Itpuiocratlc ex peutivp committee lie was first elect ed to Ihe Fnlted States senate for the term beginning llHil ft ft ARMY LEAGUE FORMED Announcement has been made nf the completion of the organization of the Army League nf the t nlted States, and of Its purpose to hold a convention in Washington early In Herein her. At this meeting the policy nf the league will be formulated and the methods of Its extension outlined The army league movement took shape through the Initiative of Frrder ie I, Huldeknper, who lias written about Napoleon's campaigns and the unpreparedness nf the United States for war. and it at once met with en eonragenient throughout the country. The Army league embraces among its officers some of the most prominent and distinguished men in the country, including two ex-presidents, two cx- speretarips of war, an ex-secretary of state, two ambassadors, two former ambassadors, three lieutenant generals, who wpre former chiefs of staff of the army; the adjutants general of twen­ ty-eight states, the presidents of ihe universities of Harvard. Yale, Prince ton. Chicago and California; the for­ mer provost of the University of Penn sylvanla. senators, authors, editors and other men of national prominence in differentWalks nf life. Some of the officers of thp league are: l’resident, William D Endieott, son of the secretary of war during Mr. Cleveland’s first administration; vice presidents, Robert E. Eee. grandson of Genera! Robert E. I,ee; Robert Bacon, former secretary of state and am­ bassador to France; Ur. Benjamin ido Wheeler, president of the University of California: secretary, Frederic I,. Htiidckoper: treasurer. William B. Hibbs. one of the leading bankers and brokers of Washington. ft ft MEMORIAL TO BIGELOW A committee iias iippn formed to erpet a memorial to John Bigelow, publicist, diplomatist and United States minister to France during the civil war. It is proposed to raise a fund of $100,000 to defray the cost. The com­ mittee consists of Joseph H. Choate, Justice Charles E. Hughes. J . Pierpont Morgan. J r .; Andrew Carnegie. Henry Fairfield <>sborn, George A. Piiinton, Elipbak-t Xott IVrtter, Eiihn Root, John I, t’adwalader, Oswald Garrison Vil- iard. Joseph E. Ransdell. United States senator from Tunisians, and Charles Alexa nder Richmond, president of Un­ ion college, of which Mr. Bigelow was a graduate. ft ft W A G N ER C E N T E N A R Y One hundred years ago May 22 Rich­ ard Wagner, the German composer, ■was lorn In Leipzig. German singing societies of this country are celebrat­ ing in Ms honor by prod Being selec­ tions which hare made the name of Wagner f e r a e * throughout the world. In other countries, especially fa Ger­ many, preparations have been going on Fa dues to Support Homo Morohanta ------- D « « n r AslTvitiss and PsopTs Flock to Citioa. Very much is heard nowadays about the increased and Increasing cost of living. Prices for many things, par­ ticularly for food of nearly every kind, have been rising steadily for thirteen years. The general level of prices for food­ stuffs h^s risen so high this winter that the flood has brokeu over its batiks, and the United States govern­ ment is taking a hand in tvylug to check it. The matter simply bolls down to this: There are too many people in the large cities and too few people ou the farms and In the small cities and town'. The tendency of the age is toward the swelling of city population aud the shrinking of country population. In some states there are many aban­ doned farms. In all states there arc splendid areas of fertile land unculti­ vated. Thousauds of farmers own a great deal more laud than they need They cultivate but a small part of their holdings, leaving the rest Idle. Farmers’ boys migrate to the cities like Wills in flocks. Young men and women and older persons, too, leave the towns und go to the cities because the towns offer them less ami less in ducement in the way of employment or business. And why? Here's where you should stick your pin II is because millions of farmers’ families fail to help support thoir home towns properly by trailing with the local merchants They buy u great deal of their clothing, household good- even groceries, from the mail order stores ' Rack to the farm\' Is the sensible slogan for the crusuders against high prh-es to use Populate the farms. APPETITES OF BIRDS. F a r m A d v i c e a n d S u g g e s t i o n GROWING CROPS USED TO ENRICH THE SOIL Gresn Manuring as Practiced Now Call# For Various Kind* of Plants, Among Them Rye, Oats, Corn and Vetches. ____ Cropping For Their Livin g In Proportion to Weight Eat More Than Any Other Living Thing. Birds In proportion to their weight probably eat more than any other liv­ ing thing it is a mystery to natural Ists how the ringdove flies after Its no i ustonied meal One dove was found with fkNi peas In Its crop, another tn captivity was known to eat ISO beech nuts at n ttme, and a third devoured sixty arums, says Harper's Weekly The robin often eats two ami a half times its weight In twenty four hours, while a barnyard lien with chicks has been observed to resume eating 475 times in the course of a day The diet of a certain species of hawk composes about 2.000 mice In the course of a month besides other food In the mouth of a young heron were found three trout, each weighing three quar tors of a pound Another was found with seven small trout in its mouth, a mouse and a thrush, evidently on Its way tn Its nest 7hp growing bird seems to have an appetite equal to that pf the adult. Every square mile of the Fnlted States has thirty two inhabitants on the average Green tuauuriug is the practice of growing a crop to plow under before it matures. This is done to increase the amount of organic matter In the soil. Different crops are -used for this pur­ pose. liye most commonly used Ritd probably chiefly because it can be planted iu the fall aud makes tt considerable growth before the grow­ ing season closes. Of the spring grown crops rye or oats are frequently used and ure sowu at. the regular rates of seeding. 8otue- • times ludiitu corn is sown at the rate j of one to one and one-half bushels per! acre for this purpose, it may be sown iu drills or broadcast. Oats and peas are sometimes used, sown at the rule of one bushel of outs to two bushels of peas to the acre. Sand vetch is also utilized, the seed iug being at the rate of thirty to fifty pounds per acre. The seeding iu all • rases Is (lone-as early as conditions of soil and air are suitable for the plant iug of the crop. The sand, hairy ot' winter vetch seems to he rapidly grow­ ing in favor both as a catch crop plant and as a green manuring plant Its value rests upon three things viz First Boca use of the size of the seed it may he planted as deep as two inches, thus increasing its chances for moisture supply and thus insuring ger ininntion The rimers and alfalfa fre qtiently suffer because they may not lie planted deep enough to insure moisture and anchorage to preserve the plant from blowing away Second The plant makes a i pry rap id and vigorous growth produ lug a large amount of material to plow un dor or disk in Third It is much more valuable than the grains for this purpose be cause of the amount nf nitrogen which it gat Iters during its growth und leaves for the use of future crops On sandy soils the cow pea is being mud) used as a green immuring crop I’eas are sown at the rate of three pecks pet acre about the first week In June, and the crop is plowed under from the first to the middle of Septem her J A Jeffrey, Professor of Soils, Michigan Agricultural College. How to Fool the Cabbage Worm. ' For several years I have raised cab bages and found it advantageous, aft er setting out the plant to drop a little salt on the heart of the rahhage. says a w-Tller in Fruit Grower When the salt is dissolved by rain or some other agent It should he renewed and the process eontlnued until nil danger from cabbage worms Is past A cabbage treated In this way will grow much larger and when the head Is cut ojien it will not he found honeycombed with wormholes A GOOD INVESTMENT ON ANY FARM. tsheep tire machines that will turu waste to profit, in many cases on the farms. The large breeds kept for wool and mutton are docile and do imt require such close fencing as the smaller breeds. Their I rile worth is re tilized after harvest time, when they thrive and get fat on Hie shattered grain which would otherwise tie lost. A lew dual purpose sheep arc n good in­ vestment on any farm.--Orange Judd Farmer Senior Berean SundaT School Leeson Golden Text He that loveth his brother nMdeth in the light U John ii, 101 _____ Verses IS, If), 23-25.- Surmises and surprises. Jacob would not listen to any pro­ posal concerning Benjamin, The plan of returning to Egypt had therefore to be postponed until the supply of grain was exhausted It must have been a sad home, for they were all anticipat­ ing misfortune. The famine had not vet ceased, and the brothers knew that sooner or Inter they would have to go for more grain. They also knew- that It would be absurd to appear before the governor of Egypt and not redeem their pledge. Judah now made a prop­ osition and laid himself under obliga­ tion, as his brother Reuben had done, to be personally responsible for the safe return home of Benjamin. \When Jacob finally saw that there was no other alternative he submitted and urged that a present should be taken to appease the apparent harshness of the governor and to win his favor. He was also particular that they should carry double money and the money that was returned, so as to guard against arty difficulty that might unex­ pectedly arise. And so, commending them to the care of God, El Shaddai— tlie Sufficient One—he sent them forth. * * • The sight of Benjamin warmed the heart of Joseph unspeakably. * • * The men were afraid.\ They did not know what to make of It and suspect­ ed that it was a scheme to force them Into slarery on the charge of theft ■because of the money that was re­ turned in our sacks.” Without delay they explained this matter to the stew­ ard, protesting their innocence and of­ fering to pay ft *in full weight\ * * • Their fear* were set at rest >7 the steward, who said. ”1 had your mon­ ey/* no that what was found fn their racks was a gift o f God. He gate them to understand that they were spe­ cially favored l»y-\yuBr God~-~tbat is. theG o d « fffheH e h w w s./B e b roajfet Phaetm e v t \ A great load was lifted when they saw Ktaees. “They should rat bread there.\ They were treated arfth m a c* m r t e s y . * * heciwe the t a e t e r i p * * * * * * • * * father well, the old man of whom ye spake?” They were ilouhtlcss impress­ ed by the governor's memory for de tails, and they answered his question in the affirmative, while they did ohei nance a second time. ‘'Benjamin, Ills mother's son ” The time was not yet ripe for him to make himself known tn them, hut he spoke t« Benjamin with all the eordiality and affeetion that were possible under the eireum stances. \God be gracious unto thee.” This was a welcome greeting, but the full significance of It was to be made known later \And Joseph made haste.” It was all he could do to rp strain himself in this company, and so he hurriedly left them. No one sus­ pected the actual reason, and indeed no one would have questioned any­ thing (hat he did. ‘ His heart yearned over his brother.” and so he sought the solitude of his room to find relief in tears. “Refrained himself.” After he had indulged his emotion* he came back to them, calm and collected, and ordered that the rneal should be served. All the old feelings of homesickness and the longing once more to see ail the loved ones returned with accumu­ lated foree. ft showed the extent of Joseph's self control that he was able to keep himself in check daring afl these interviews. Verses 32-34.-A larish spread. This was a feast extraordinary, and it was celebrated according to the cus­ toms of Egypt. “By himself.\ Joseph . now belonged to the priestly ca s te,' and he could not eat with the lefty. “For the Egyptians * ,* * by them­ selves.” This exclusiveness in rela­ tion to foreigners was due to religious scruples, whk-h were regulated by cer­ emonial Taw;. • * * \The firstborn according to hi* birthright” They were given seats i s the order of their age, *o that Reuben, the first bora, e a r n first, and Benjamin, the young­ e s t was test. This arrangement sur­ prised the brothers, hat they did sa t knew hew to expiate fMs remarfcaWe eetBddcare. “‘Sett messes.\ These were ftpeehfl takes* ilfTC « « i t t » the guests as a m e t « f honor. *Tfre times.\ P n j t a h re- eefred escegffkmnf treatment. « a i w wooden whether the oM Gme JefiF utggyedifeh«ihem aiw iii; -H -H -i- L I T T L E JOURNEYS ON TH E + FARM. H» mu water your Imrses at the public watering tnuigli 1 1 ” Is tlm wni-si agent fur spii'itilmg all i-iHitagiinis Imrsc diseases 'trap yum smoked meat in pa •• per pack II away in wmnl a-hes. ]] keep jt m h daw place and ymir •• meat will have a better Haver , , and will Keep better than it ever did before • lean pails Used in feeding \ sktmmllk calves would do away with h lot of tlie untlirlfttucss and loss in the calf herd (in tlie ordinary farm aboiP ||n> only pails that a re kept 'lean enough .. for this purpose arc the milk pails Kansas Industrialist Test Milk Every Month. Those who lia' e not lime to weigh ear-li row s milt, twice every rlai will find that by weighing three days In Ihe month and multiplying this by ten will enable them to keep pretty close lab on the monthly work of each cow Each cow s milk should be tested at least once every month either with a hand tester or at ihe (Teamen If this is done it will not la- necessary to keep the \lioarder” till she reai lies a ripe old age Iowa Homestead WEALTH FROM THE AIR. Gst Your Nitrogen From th* Atmos­ phere snd Coin Money. 1 >r ( y 1 -iI C Hopkins of Ihe 1 diver­ sity of Illinois lias brought to llie farm ers of the slate a new gospel of soil saliatlon Fulling ml rngen phosphates and lime into (he soil be produced siali corn alfalfa and wheal that the farmers wlm bad been going along iu Ihe ml' (heir grandfathers made sat up and look notice They bad m when they saw him gel eighty seven bushels of corn lo the acre where they could get only thirty six The resull of Hi Hopkins work Is shown in tin- crop statistics of the stale I lie ki'l ltd mil' a-erage y li'U'l id corn is six bushels higliei Ilian for the li'nili the y en i period prp'isling Wheat shows an n n T H g r in. lease \f I lirec bushels lo I lie (ore Ibis means II i ; i I Ihe 111 inn!' fa rmers rea pel I $21 i.iHin. nun extra profits In that ten year period Why asks lb Hopkins. buy id Irogen \I from Id coni' tn .dll com, u pound in ennimiToiaI fertilizers when the air ulnae ei en acre contains 7e iHa 1,1 am pound' of free nitrogen which i lover, long beaii' or any leguminous crop can draw fnnn In Imprison in Ihe soil ?” Seventy million pounds of nitrogen tn the acre menus that there are In Ihe air mer the Fnlted Slates, imh i.i a a Mum tolls Of nitrogen free for the taking New dork World Protecting the Pay By JOHN ROLANDS HUNTER T HIS I s a true story related to I he turned, her *rm that had been raised me by tlie brother nf the man sank and her hand found nmoenlment principally rnneentod Only tn the folds of her dress One of No the name ts changed ! Inns eves was strained In watch her. Many years ago. when California was t w Idle the other was east ahead at a Inhabited largeli by people nf Spanish ’ forest they would soon enter He r!parent. John Nolan was an officer of ; knew that in the struggle which whs a lumber company at Sacramento. It inevitable he would have an advantage was one of Ids duties to go among the n,e open plain Within the shadow lumber camps of the company tn a fit j „f Ihe wood there would be no rav of tie two seated wagon and pay off the | moonlight to reveal to him an over­ men One evening while riding from one camp to another Nolan saw the figure of a woman standing in the road ahead of him, evidently walling for him to rome up ‘'Will yon give me a lift, signor?” she said when he reached her “Certainly Get up beside me, or. if you think It too crowded on the front seat, take the rear one ” “Thank you, signor.\ replied the wo man. “I will take the seat that gives the most room.\ “H'rn!'' said Nolan to himself. “She haa an eye to correct behavior.’’ And he drove on, ‘Tt's a fine night,” he re­ marked by way of opening a conver- sation. “A fine night.” repeated the woman without adding anything further. No- 1 li)shod ,|w lmrS)J ; it|, ,|lt, Hlul lan tried with several remarks to draw her into conversation, but, failing, re­ lapsed into silence. The moonlit plain over which he was driving, the serene heavens through which the queen of night was slowly moving, the glitter­ ing stars, were far more attractive than a woman who would not talk. Nolan drove on, occupied with his own thoughts, and was gradually forgetting his companion, when, happening to turn his head sidewise, he caught a flash of moonlight reflected from some polished surface tiehrnd him. .Vow, there was nothing in the fight of the round disk fn the heavens to stir any emotions within John Nolan ex­ cept those erf the most serene character Why. then, should these few reflected rays, this momenta ry gutter, cause bis heart to stand still and a cedd shfrer lo rtra down Ms back? What passed through Ms mind was even quicker than the flash of moonlight- it was this: fie was riding alone, with a large sem erf tbe company's mosey te fefc peesessfca. He was to^w * far and wide m the company's p a ja amtof, aad fM * woman w m slffteg la K a t ready *» ftoage * m t e m * w * «■ eager to fiMate flbe meaty. flewasarmed.’bBtwbatwseaweap- b f U f i l t V erf fit nat i 11 b IT lia* Xi fhe flnfi mare erf IB la f iiftin M f lsM f t e f i lfiM i hanging dagger. He must devise be­ fore they reached the wood some ex­ pedient either to get rid of the woman or force her to show her hand \Get up, you lazy beast,\ lie said to his horse \At this ratp we ll be out all night \ Arid, striking at thp an­ imal with his whip, he contrived to drop it in tlie road \IVlina!” He pretended to try to stop tin- Imrse nt o i k - p . but took pains that lie should leave some interval be tween them and the fallen whip, “Fee dropped my whip,\ he said to the woman. “Would you mind getting it for me?” The woman hPstafed a moment, Ihea got down and went back for the whip. The moment she picked it up Nolan started on. The woman, seeing thurfq she had linen tricked, ran for tho wagon. Then began a race which Nolan feared was one between life and death. His horse, which was merely a hack, broke into a lope, hut made no great speed. The woman, on tlie contrary, ran swiftly and in a few minutes caught hold of tbe tailboard erf the wagon. Nolan seized-the weapon near­ est at hand, the seat the woman had been sitting on, and began to belabor her over the head. But her head was hard, and she was persistent. TYbile she ran she was making efforts to (limb over the ta if board and get into the wagon. Finally in one of these at­ tempts her feet left tbe ground, and the was poised oh tbe tailboard. Vow, No!* a even te protection had no stomach for kiftteg a woman. Thus far be bad neither shot i t her nor made any effort 1ft stab her. But when he saw her about to force an entrance be need the next most ef- fe r ff v e weapon t o ih e -seal—IB s b e s t . i r a » * kieb nofier fb e c h e r t b e t e a h e r n B M B s e ie B s te fh e r e a i . T h e re b e le f t l a r to h a r r y m to to e

Big Hole Breezes (Jackson, Mont.), 30 May 1913, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.