Big Hole Breezes (Jackson, Mont.) 1898-1915, August 08, 1913, Image 6

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« f the Army Belief society is a lineal deseendajit at one at the officers. lu 173® the first fortification was built; ia 17Tt> a “strong castle\ was erected. Geueral 1'utwua, writing at this time to the president of congress, speaks of It as \a very important post.” Washington wrote of “its strong works;” the New York Gazette refer­ red to the thousand continental men stationed there; Lord Stirling consid­ ered it \better guarded than any other post.\ The brothers Howe stayed there until the evacuation of New York. ONCE A RACE COURSE? After the battle of Long Island and the British victory, Aug, 27, .177b. the \Liberty” boys came back under cover of the darkness and right under the noses of Hie victorious enemy secured munitions and food. Tradition says that Governor Clinton lent tlie island once for a race course 0784-7)1. in 1794 a ferry was established which took passengers at 3 pence a bead The one in use now averages 30,000 passen­ gers a month. That year congress appropriated $3.- 7'.’7..j3 for tile island's defenses. In lT'.Ui the works were dignified ns forts, and about this date Knox reports “On Governors island, one bastioued square, conuuuudiug two low batteries quite finished \ Between 1794 and 18IIU more than $110,000 was e.vpotuled on the works. i In 1798 the faculty and students of Columbia college, repeating their pa triotlc work in Harlem, came down to i Governors island witli pickaxes and' shovels to help erect breastworks when one of the French war scares aroused local fears and inspired tHe call for harbor defense In 1800 it was ceded by tlie state of New York to the I'nited Stales, and In 1831 tile federal military headquarters were transferred there Diamond Pickups. By “ROOTER” IN “PRISON OF SILENCE.” a T tlie innermost gate of New lot city is un antique, circular fort situated on a small Island, which some day may he the most luxurious and complete military Station in the world There Is little fear of America's greatest city ever Laving to coll on Castle William (now used as a prison for offending soldletsi In case of an Invading fleet's attack, Bs she is amply protected with modern strongholds at all outside points, mak­ ing her well nigh Impregnable. Still Governors island is tlie headquarters o f a most important branch of our »rmy. The department of the east is maintained there. Major General flTiouias H. Barry is In command. He (Was sent from West Point t<> succeed the late Major General Frederick Dent Grant. Governors island is the mecca of the social army life in the east, and ns it Is at the very doorway of this coun­ try, there are those Inside and outside o f the army who consider the contem­ plated improvements us befitting of tills country. APPROVED BY TAFT The recently revived interest In re­ planning Governors Islaud came with the submitting to the war department Bt Washington of a scheme of harmoni­ ous arrangement of buildings. This matter now is being discussed, with the thought of presenting the plans for congressional approval. Several S ears ago congress appropriated $L- 00,000 for the reconstruction of the -Governors’ island army post and lul eeres have finally been reclaimed from the bay. Other improvements were Suggested, and in 1908 President Taft approved plans for n regimental post. However, nothing has been done since then to carry them out. It was in­ tended to make Governors island tlie finest military post in the world. All the old buildings were to be razed. Tort Jay, South Battery and Castle (William alone to remain. The first |was to he the center of a park with a castellated tower; its moat, drawbridge, fine old gateway and sallyport were Sot to he interfered with. Tlie bar­ racks were to be of the latest model with every appliance for comfort and use and to house a full regiment of 1,200 men. Magnificent parade and athletic grounds, libraries, piers for passengers and freight and rows of Commodious buildings for Hie officers were included in tlie plans. Situated near what is considered to­ day one of the most valuable pieces of real estate property in the world, Gov­ ernors Island was purchased < 1(1371 by that shrewd old barrator. Wonter Van Twlller, director general of New Neth­ erlands, for some ax heads, a string of beads and a few nails from two In­ dians. whose names. Cakapeteijon and Pehiwas. would indicate a greater mentality than they seem to have pos­ sessed.' Across Buttermilk channel to the origin, naming a ml history o f which Clraplain Smith devotes two chapters o f bis book. Sara, the first Christian child to be bom In the Dutch colony, daughter of Joris Jansen de Kapalye. Was taken in a tub at a very early age o f l»er career and furnished the only thrilling narrative o f the place ter tome time. 1.— Review of troops. 2.— Castle William taken from an aeroplane (copy­ right by American Press Association). 3.— General Thomas H. Barry. 4.— Old guns in position. 5.— Officers on parade. “Fiii’t of the Denizen of His Majestic's Fort nt New York for the Benefit timl Accommodation of His Majestie s Gov ernors and Goinmainlets In chief for the Time Being.\ After tills it became known in familiar parlance as Gov­ ernors Island, but not all at once in legnl documents. lu its early history it furnished ex amides of rapine and graft which put to shame tlie efforts of the present day One of the early governors. Lord Corn bury, cousin of Queen Aline, comes down to us ns \being universally de­ tested,\ principally for his questiona­ ble dealings in regard to this piece of land which tlie people at large were already beginning to cherish for its beauty and utility. lu 1710 the island solved, in fact If not In name, as tlie first quarantine post of tlie province and In that same year shiploads of Palatines, religious refugees, were housed there, \the prop crest place for their sickness and pov­ erty,\ said Queen Anne, who financed them parsimoniously. One of these Immigrants, Peter Zpnger, was tlie first citizen to vindicate publicly tlie free­ dom of tlie press and personal liberty. Among the active work of tlie post is the branch of the Y. M. C. A. con­ ducted by Chaplain F.duniud B. Smith, tlie classes for enlisted men and tile drills supplemented now with tlie more picturesque music drills or silent man­ ual. Tlie military student finds at present little to interest him, for the island is not fortified, being in no way a part of the scheme of fortifications, which embraces Sandy Hook and the mouth of tlie harbor. Fort Jay. for loo years known ns Fort Columbus, but orig­ inally named for John Ja.v. was dur­ ing the civil war manned with heavy guns, although not even threatened. When Fort Lafayette was too crowded with prisoners at that period Castle William took charge of tlie overflow and at one time housed over a thou­ sand prisoners. Among the noted pris­ oners who have been confined there was John Yates Beall, the Confederate spy. CHAPEL OF ST. CORNELIUS Castle William was completed in ! 1811 and is built on bed rock. In one i of the departmental reports it is <le- { scribed as \a stone tower with fifty- : two forty-two and thirty-two pound­ ers maintained oil two tiers under a Imuib roof and a terrace intended to - otint twenty-six fifty-pound eolum- iiiitds.\ In several other reports Castle ; William is re/erred to as an “example 1 of outgrown science.\ In the mnsenm on tlie island is Sheri- ! dan's famous horse Winchester, who itore his master in forty-seven battles.' In place of a regular army chap*! Trinity corporation ha* firorided the Chaiiel of St. CrJmolins'Tbe, Centurion for the ti*e of the post. It is a charm­ ing Gothic structure of granite, b u ilt, near tfw* old frame building, erected I n ' IS47 ler Dr. McVLcknr. who taught . ethics at Columbia college during: tlie . w e ek and oa Sunday preaeaea ta tne effigpel he Infllt and presented totbe i that they arc cannons used In the sev­ eral battles of tlie Mexican war Over the eludr a double row of tattered but tlefiags hangs one is a mere eoliweh. and the light from the stained glass window slums a fringe of blood red threads and a splash of blue where stars were once woven Tills is the last fiag pulled down In Cuba All­ ot her of peculiar interest Is the one under which Major Iteillv died and which was carried from Tientsin in ttie Boxer uprising lu China A POST DE LUXE To the casual glance at present every house on Governors Island would be bettered by a coat of paint But com plaints are rarely beard, notwithstand­ ing tlie dictum Unit nn army officer w ho doesn't complain Inis something the matter with him. Tills military sta tion is one of the posies de luxe it is lull'd to get there and one lias to pry an incumbent away. So when 1ie l an tliorlties at Washington spell “econo, my\ out loud the officers at tlie post are obediently silent General Barry's house, nn old time dwelling. Is a three minute walk from the landing, and directions to reuch it are given by a trio of guards. Turning a corner you face the parade ground, on which many of the houses including General Barry's, front. Like the majority, his is a two story and a half structure and has an additional wing or two to distinguish it. 'Tlie architecture of these old houses is that of the late colonial period. The color is a saffron, dulled to a brownish tint, the trimmings white and the blinds green. The latticed porch and balustrades recall the gingerbread work of 1 He Dutch housewives preparing some special form of ornamented cakes. Along Colonel's row, ns one of the residential streets is called, the names are printed in black letters on the rise of tlie veranda steps. Tlie Dutch name for the island was Nutting, Notting. Nutten or Nut. It was so called, obviously, for tlie splen­ did orchards of nut trees, but with the exception of the chestnuts—horse, not edible—there is no trace at present of them. There are six Lombardy pop­ lars. remnant of the hundreds sent by Louis XVI. At headquarters, a large house with Georgian front and high ceilinged. roomy offices, the affairs of the island are managed. M ILIT A R Y STATION IN 1755 Nutten island <Governors) was made part of the city of New Y'ork by tbe -Montgomery charter (173®i and an act of March 7, 178S, Included It in tbe county. It was in 1735 that it first ful­ filled its manifest destiny as a military post. From 1755 to 1773 there were several royal regiments o f England living there. These were tbe Royal Americans, his majesty's Sixty-first regiment o f foot under I/wd Loudoun and Ids majesty's Twenty-second and Forty-fourth regiments o f .foot. De­ tails o f their tire were found by the historian referred to in t he private B- h m y ofC o lM irt FxsO tfritt*,,. « r l o f W E S f l E s S I f i m y w o r d * Ingenuity Exhausted to Make Lives of Inmates Miserable. Fntiunbcd In a grim castle nn the i mi IsKirt.- of Lisbon are some uf tbe must miserable nielrsqu earth These are Inmates of Portugal's prison of si lence lu this building evervthma (lull human Ingenuity can suggest to render the lives of Its prisoners u Imr lible maddening torture Is done The iirrblors. piled tier on tier five stories high extend from a eomioou center like tbe spokes of u bilge wheel The cells »re narrow tombliUe. Mini wdldn em h stand* a coffin The at teudnnts creep about In felt slippers No one Is allowed to utter a word The silence Is (lint of the grave (luce a day the cell doors are unlocked and the 7ill(l wretches march nui. clothed in shrouds anil with faces covered with masks, for It is part of lids hideous punishment tlml none may look upon the countenances of Ids fellow prison ers Few of them endure fills torture for more than ten years. Divvy Up. To have joy one must share It. Hnp- i plness was horn a twin Byron Mike Mowrey uf tbe St. Louis Car­ dinals claims that It makes no differ­ ence to him how important a contest is he never gets nervous. To his mates he is known as \iron\ Mowrey. The sorrel tupped third baser, will never forget the day he broke Into the big ring at Cincinnati some years ago. It was on a Sunday, and a double header was being contested. \That day I made five errors.” said Mowrey, \but it never bothered me a bit. All I would do was to laugh, and the funny part of it all was that not a fan hooted me. \After making a few bobbles I had almost every one of the fyus with me. And that’s Just the way 1 would act In a world's series game. I don't con slder them a hit harder than a regular contest in the National league. \To make up for my Errors 1 banged out five safeties, so it was even up five errors and five base hits the day 1 made my debut in the National league. \Although I laughed during the game while 1 was making the hobbles, kick tug 'em nil around. 1 did not feel tbe same way that night I was the sorest person on earth and never wanted to see a hall park again, but here I am still nt It. and I'll stick until they count ten on me \ Although Mowrey Is considerable of n third sucker, he takes off las hat to Bobby Byrne of tlie Pirates Putting New Life In » Team. A sample of what can be done In the way of imikluu a promising hall > lab out of almost hopeless material otic could do a lot worse than offer that Boston National outfit of George Slal lings A McGraw Anecdote by MeAleer An nrdlng to James U Mi A leer president of the Bed Sox. the Clove laud club of which lie was a member some years ago was sitting out In front of a notoriously pool hotel when a Inis coni.lining the Baltimore (trades deadly rival- nt the Cleveland gahg w hlrlcd In \ Kphlerv y mil h w limn Mi A leer has -lire identified a- John .1 McGraw peered I’rm'n the cavernous dept Its of the coin evance 'Ha\ he bawled ' \ senmd class club at a second class hotel' Kind Words For McBride. \George Mi Bride Is loday the great est shortstop playing baseball bm can have your Wagners. Weaver- and tbe pick of all of them, but for mine 1 will stick to the man we have \ This Is the high valuation placed upon his field leader by Manager Clark Griffith of tin* Washingtons \There are men playing the position who can bit mure frequently than Me-* Bride, there may he some wlm caa field as well, and there may be some who are as wise lu baseball, but tu the combination of ail I think there I? not one who Is lu the same class Vith George. “ McBride works for the team's good every minute of the day. When 1 first went to Washington 1 found certain Photo la Aim-noun Pi css Association George McBride, Shortstop, Who Is th Pride of His Manager. people who seemed anxious to crttlctsi the captain Iml 1 vv a- certainly happy vv hen I found that the fans were begin King to appreciate the value of the man whom I look upon as my right bower I suall.v vv lien Mi Bl'lile hits the hit means something and a person would lone tu be pretty close to the dub attend the club meetings and follow ev ery move on the field to know what a part the shortstop has played In lifting W a-hliipton from a joke to a real live factor in 1he American league. \Give me \b Bride and the others can have their pick of the shortstops I p both leagues The Height of the Ridiculous Improving Nothing. \And we understand you arc a self taught as well as a self made man?\ The Personage- 1 ham, sir At twen­ ty-vine I knew lKilhlnk. Then 1 set to work, ami at twenty two I d taught meself all I knew!—Sydney Bulletin Better Than Nature. \My hoy. remember, no mutter how great an artist you may become, you cun never improve upon nature.\ \I've got to. I'm the fellow that draws the women for the magazine covers.\ - Washington Herald. Perish the Thought! \Madam.\ said the doctor, \what you need Is more exercise. Why don’t you walk four or five miles every day?\ \And have people think we've had to sell our automobile? I guess not.’’— Detroit Free Press. Discounted. Maud — Last night Jack asked me how old I was. and I told him twenty- one. Marie—You were always good at sub­ traction, dear.—Boston Transcript. Perfect Manners. ‘ Here!* Yon mustn’t come here! Couldn't you see the board?” “Yes. sir. But ere didn't read what was oa It because ft said ft was ‘pri­ vate.’ ” -£offilc Cuts. Sailing Under Falee Colors. “ Do froti always feel as hopeful ns yon write?\ she asked the young man who was coinUicting a sunshine col­ umn. \Not always.\ he answered. “ My lnnilludy manages to meet me in the hall about once a week \ Chicago Itecord-Herald The Gentler Sex. Griggs—Let's see. Tlie first state In which women got a chance nt law- making was Wyoming, wasn't It? Briggs — No; they got their first chance at lawmaking In the state of matrimony.- Boston Transcript. Tbe Suffragette Mother—How splen­ did! She's going to grow up a real militant.—London Opinion. The Horticulturist, Knk'ker—How do you remember to water the plants when your wife is away? Booker—I keep ’em tn tbe bathtub— Sew York Sun. Dodging. “ I think we suffragettes had better not parade on Monday Any othe* day would he better \ \Why so?\ “ Dur critics will make capital of tlie fact that Monday is wash day.\-K a n ­ sas ( 'ity Journal Offended Dignity, “The duke is angry with me,\ said his wife, the heiress. \Seriously?\ \Oh. very He refused to borrow any money from me for more than a week.\ Louisville Courier-Journal. The Sweet Thing. “This piece of lace on ray dress Is over fifty years old.\ “It’s beautiful. Did you make It yourself?\—New Orleans Tlmes-Demo- crat. The Souvenir Craze. Ethel—Muriel, why do you wear a lock of your husband’s hair? He hasn't departed his life. Muriel—No. he hasn't, hut his hair has.—Puek. Proof Positive. Good Newt. , “Your father objects to m y'jutrry- Ing you.” TGood: That jnst gives ma and me another opportunity of show­ ing hfm. who's boss around here.”— Detroit Free Free*. ■ ' Essentials. Mrs. Yoongbrtde (to groeerj-SbaU I open an account or do yoo prefer to have me pay for what I get? Groeer-Betk, madam.—Boston Tran­ script L a d y - I am eonectiag fo r tbe suffer- tag poor. Man—Bert are you sure they really suffer? Oh. yes. Indeed: J g o t o ffidt homes audt*& to tbea for hours a t * Haas.. • .... . . - O f _______ X tu Prtm-f tm U ns* try t o i l s me? MS** Pert-G fc. adboffr 4 V \

Big Hole Breezes (Jackson, Mont.), 08 Aug. 1913, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.