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.cs t \Pol. SS. 1\74cr. 13 dzes,i ici ei, IVIazait.tesixt% toir3r. SILT st.c)iscigay. /Virg y - 20. 1E3130. a 162 Wholesale and Retail DEALEINA IN CIIPIFIC,CIIEUFLX3113#11, Hats. and Capin. Boots and Shoes, GrIEltreS' FURN:ISITIINTer GOODS, AND FANCY NOTIONS OF ALL KINDS. T1 Glr Cir , T) AND C LOT11 IN Have reeently been added to our large Ind varied stock and a - Pull and Pine Assortment Of Usage lines of goods 'will hereafter be found on our shelves. AfillfleFoa fMeslircarzkies 1Pc•inrcler WORKS. ' Hercules. CAPS, BLASTING, AND Sporting. FUSE Ranch Butter and Vgge —AND— ALL ARTICLES OF COUNTRY PRODUCE Are made a specialty by this house. r Hi g hest market priest paid for Berm. lass. AND ALL Ems WOOUNTRY PRODUCE HOTELS. Ort.X1E1WE I .A.X.. 3ECCV1MIML• and RESTAURANT. EUROPEAN PLAN. o WI; PROPRIETORS. IN THE (3ANK Jr. Ei.r.is touts 111.011C ope door nosth.of J. R. warrens stable. t t t t t Megan at ttll hours. Nicely form ^rooms. BOULDER, 'lilt etc - MONTANA. T izcm *X7CTII•T 03 Oil. 1-10 BMTLDER, MONTANA, Under the new management the 'WINDSOR is the ONLY FillifT CLASS HOTEL. in Boulder. lot THE finest table is set at the wiNtona !\) and endiniees all the substatitials to be found in the market. Cood rooms well furnished, and havin g most , comfortable beds. JOHN - I3.A.12. 1 1 . _A_, PROPRIETOR. B OVLDWit HOT SPRINGS AND HOTEL. WM. TROTTER, Paornigroa. T hese Springs have most Wouderftal Curative Properties In all forms of WILIserniatmaa,tict Trez.xxicall. A/CD IN Lead Poisoning and General Debility. —M— Th. Springs is a MOST PLEASANT R.F.:SOrrr Par the.. who are overworked and weary and who denim • few days' relief from toll and timid- - twee and want • tow days' recreation. —to:— flora it always it. Ihst of 'seal Mindanao and Belts are Tre to ill Pathos of it. Intel Pars TO AND FRme Ar.r TnArnrre LITERARY st - Gours. [Gathered for THE Al'.?;.] . Gently scan your brother man, Still gentler sister woman; Tough they may gang a kenning wrun g , , T'. step aside bo human: e point must still be greatly dark, e mo v in g while they dolt ; And Just s e lamely con ye mark Bow far perhaps they rue it. é Life is a series a surprises, and would not be worth taking -or keep- ing, if it were not. God delights to isolate us every day, and hide-ebini . us the past and the future.—Entersots Misf ortunes may benight the wicked; Who knows not g uilt can sink b e neath no fear. —Eabbinteon. A true history of human events would show that a flai l larger. propor- tion of our acts are the result of -sud- den imptilses and accident, than of that reason of which we so .much boast.—Cooper. They crowd upon us in this shade. The youth who own the coinin g years. the accumulation of animal and vege- „ table substances, from the offal of kit- chens, foul matter in vaults, and from scores a other channels.arise the ma- jority of diseases which afflict young and old, rich and poor alike. Impure drainage and sewerage adds its Mite, which. in many cases is increased a hundred fold, yes. a thousand fold. by the presence in sewers and drains of garbage placed there by servante, when all such, substances should be removed in carte or wagons especially • for this purpose, under the control of the authorities of the town or city. \In order to the prevention of filth - disease, the prevention of filth is in- dispensable. Truism though this may seem, I think it needs to be expressly insisted -on as against any belief that districts allowed to become- filthy can, The land of every country belongs to the people of that country.--Jolut Stuart Min. - That low m an seeks a little thini to do, Sees it and does it. This hi g h man white g reat thin g to pursue, Dies ere he knows it. That low man g oes on addin g one to one His hundred s soon hit. This hi g h nian aimin g at a million, , Mines a unit, —Anon. 'Reading makes a full man, confer- ence a ready • Man, and vititing an exact man.—Bacon. Poor and content is rich and rich enough; • But riches, tinders, is as poor as w inter, To him that ever fears he shall be poor. --Shattespere. The first step toward useful knowl- edge is to be able to detect.. falsehood. —From the Latin. DISINFECTANTS. DR. W. N. LULLA,RD, WICKES, MONT. [Contributed to THE AGE.] To prevent the various filth -diseases and their fatal effects, at Qiis season of the year, it seems appropriate and almost incumbent upon us tó consider the various methods of disinfection and means to be employed to ward off impending danger. Want of cleanli- ness makes disinfection a necessity. Of personal cleanliness we should not be expected to speak - but, the more cleanly the community the .less in- fection will find a foothold. Disin- fection means the prevention, or the arresting, of the formation of disease germs; whether in the body or in the condition of the community, or during an epidemic of contagious or infec- tious diseases; and, the treatment of all form of filth and uncleanliness in communities or districts where the authorities have not the power or means to prevent or remove the ac- cumulations, antiseptics, by prevent- ing or arresting the chemical processes which precede and accompany the biological processes, serve to limit and 'control the spread of infection which would occur Without them , , and thus they become true disinfectants, though in the proportions used they may not be germicide, or by preceding texerms may have none to kill.” In considering the subject of puri- fying agento, it will be my purpose to mention • some of the various articles used, and in some instances to emote from the standard authorities in this country and England in regard to the effectiveness of the different chemi- cals. The subject is rendered well nigh inexhaustible, from the fact that. as cities and towns increase in popu- lAation, the tendency to filth becomes greater, from the amount of offal, garbage, and refuge of all kinds which js allowed ,to accumulate, perhaps from Carelessness, or more likely, from the meagre means employed by the proper authorities to remove the same. l No-one will deny the fact that sub - off -hand, be made wholesome by dis- ittauce employed as a 'corrective is perfect. We know that heat will destroy certain matter. tain chemicals will do the same, thus preventing' Or annihilating the pewee of infection. So, in the 'sick room or hospital, we can imitate this, and with great skill and care so treat with heat or other disinfectants every article hailed by a patient, and thus prevent, in a great roe, at least, any spread of - dan- ger. Unless the local, authorities are active; and coöpenste with . us in the removal of the cause of infectious diseases, we, as physicians and chem- ists, can do little save smoulder the. fire which will soon break forth with increased violence, at a time when . it will be,. perchance, too late to save many a life, sacrified for the *ant of proper action at a season when all pollution could have been removed without risk, and the sanitary condi- tion Of the city so improved that ' cases of filth -diseases would be . the I I rarity, instead of the every day re;• port of the physician. The great essential is cleanliness; and the sanitary authorities, provided they act promptly, can reduce to some extent the mortality. As the animal \ body deals in its working's with the refuse of its actions, so must the city • deal with the • dross which daily ac- cumulates and spreads sickness and I death throughout its limite. To pre- vent pestilence, all effete matter should, and must, be removed inoffensively and continuously, and due care exer- cised In the selection of the locality ,4 e hat is to become, in time, the one spot in our midst, destined to \smell laud to heaven\ for we may inadver- tently start a bot -bed of noxious and 'offensive effluvia which will' strike down unsparingly all who are so un- fortunate as to be placed_within its reach. By infectious diseases, we,. mean all diseases which are , communicabfe from ne to another, 'either by actnal conta , by some agency, as water or air. Many of these we will ex- clude—such as various skin diseases, for they do not properly come within - the scope of this parier, they not af- fecting communities in an epidemic form. Therefore we will consider such preventive measures or protec- . tive means as apply tO that class of disemei tenned zymotic, as entail - pox, cholera typhus fever, enteric ; fever, scarlet fever, meaNles. and the like. First of all. wherever there is an accumulation of filth house refuse. or decaying organic matter, the nui - sauce should receive prompt attention. Foul odors mu:41)e corrected prior to any attempt at removal: and in 'trans- ferring -the offensive heaps Irr the -con- tents of vaults t* cesspools to the carts or wagons, some deodorizer is essential in preventing the contamina- tion of the atmosphere. For this pur- pose various chemicals_ joight be named; as. for example, copperas. chloride of lime, coal -tar. or dry earth might be used. The mast effective. I perhaps, is chloride of lime, which is both cheap and easily used. A pound • of this agent dissolved in water will suffice for a thousand gallons of sew- age.. A pan or saucer Containing this bleaching powder, as it is called, placed in the region of vaults or coes - I. Tn. edb Mic.xxlcil or. 40 Milo ma. t ea A. o ó 9 4; 4 -9 a tt›. ,e ,•;• 44 .s, - • •z, <, o },:t.,•. '1, 4 „ qb o infectants.\ Chemistry is applied to pools, will render the surrounding air daily for means to correct the poison comparatively piire, on account orate .1 IsKl 4 Ell' If ts'r›. arising from decomposition in cess- chlorine which is liberated de:mixes 1 „pools, ashheaps, and the like. To ing the noxious gases. The addition BOULDER PLANING MILL supply these means from this science of Vinegar, ora weak acid, will ma- »ash and Door Mitualaetory, a l one can n o t, , xtt thi n k, b e physically terially assist in setting free the c .,hlots ENOCH HODSON, PROPRiEMOR. • possible: True, we can contribute ine. In large vaults or apartments, „ liorLDER, MONTANA. something which willei t io many ill- chlerine can be easily genemted \by , stances, destroy the di . ‘§eatie germs; theitetion of sulphuric acid upon a ' as ir o h: B7/ dPre le DOW In constant °par- ts.. oozed m ida every defter, pi Ion of but, in others We only supply a chemi- mixture of salt and black oxide of cal by which' a calamity is held in manganeee. In adopting this plan. abeyance for a time, ready to act or great eareshould be eareneised; for the remain dormant, in ratio as th a sub- gas, when inhaled in any quantity. acts es a poision and a violent irritant to the lungs and air passages. The solution of chlorinated soda was first brought to notice ateis disinfectant • by Labaraque. It is powerful, and better suited for use in the sick room and for disinfection on a small scale than chlorinated lime. It is of great ad- vantage sprinkled on the floor or bed aud added to the wedeln intended to receive the excretions. Chloride of zinc, or Burnett's disinfecting fluid,' derives its virtue from the presence of chlorine; while it destroys putrid odors, it is itself odorless. Chlorine is -ene of the most valuable agents in the list of disinfectants. The only objection to it is its odor and the irritation when inhaled. It is said that Abernethy referred to the chlor- ine deodorïzieet'irbett be said: \They are sometimes very useful, very use- ful tndeed, for they make suds an abominable stink that the patient is obliged to have the windows opened.\ Any of these salts placed in districts containing decomposing remains, will do much to prevent sickness, but en- tire removal of offending substances will alone insure safety. Sulphate of iron, in proportion of a pound to a gallon of water, is efficacious in many instances, but not 80 active as the former. Charcoal is a powerful doo - dc rant, but there is no evidence to shOw that it has any effect in destroy- ing specific. disease germs. It oxidizes offensive effluvia and is therefore useful in purifying sewer gases or other filth emanations. ilirasto rasa in any .iiiantit> and On *hell „olive. rontnietor goal Solider. will wive time WA Money by making their purebasre in li.milder. • • also curry in Mork motion prepared to supply 11.nte, g Timber*, Bridge s,nd Dimension *trainers, Lath, ithingfes, And every deseription eeowatrurtion material. An ii e w tiost . of say dock and price. .1\. respectfully MILL AND OFFR'E AT RAILROAD DEPOTS4, 101n1.011dill LUMBER WARD. smolt ', meri ts , mot' 1.19NOS, CEI)Allt Shin g les. and all kinds of Finishin g 1.min- tor. • Molding and Tor Pnper. eonatantly .on hand Yard m posits the f 'ourt-flouse. Convenient for trains. Alu, • plans fur - ¡tidied fur; 11..liogrog,brifteSe, and eon- - tradin g and building ter 9 , 1411te. MOIESSECK & SDIPKINIS. a tarry fluid with an offensive odor and highly poisonous, and has been the cause ef several fatal accidents on account of its; having been mistaken for porter or other fluids. It can be used in scrubbing floors, seeping in , fectel clothing, and in vessels for re- ceiving excreta. It is useful in disin-' fecting urinals, water-closets, stables, vaults, ete., preventing at the game time putrefactive change; and in whatever form it is used, it is de-- structive of the lower forms of animal and . vegetable life. tamped from turpentine, has trodueed by Dr. Bond, af Eugland. It is claimed that this snhatanee is more than ordinary in its adaptedueras for the sick . -room, having no unpleasant odor and being noa -corrosive. Nitrous fumes, obtainet)., by adding , :• ralum ' nitric acid to copper filings. poetess a p ' or terebéne powder, which is - a combination of terebene with copper Very great power as an oxidizer of or- ganhe matter, and no disinfectant will more readily remove offensive smells. But as the fumes are exceedingly dan- gerous and irritating, this method is only applicable to empty rooms; and it should not be manufactured or used except by adepts. Broniine'and iodine are each useful as ateadisPherit disin- fectants, but should not,he-tused in in- habited rooms'' The same May be said of sulphurous acid gas, which ia made by burning sulphur in an iron dish or on a shovel. It decomputtes suIphuretted hydrogen, combines with ammonia, deodorizes or destroys stinking alkaloids and probably dis- ease germs. The most popular disinfectant is carbolic acid, which is specially valu- able on account of its highly antieep- tie properties. In 'its crude form it is Terebene, oh.' been in - sulphate and potassic bichromate, possesses an agreeable odor and is applicable in all case; where disinfec- tion is required. Coudy's fluid, or permanganate of potassium, is em- ployed with advantage, but on account of its expense is not used on a large scale. Chloride of aluminum onchlor- alum possesses the. great advantage of being non-poisonous, inodoroua, and cheap. Prof. FrankliS says: \For removing teeter and effluvia, it is better and more available than any agent with which I am acquainted. In this respect it is incomparably superior to chloride of lime\. It is non-volatile, and therefore can not be regarded asan atmospheric disinfec- tant, but is useful in cleaning infected clothing and rooms, and invaluable as a sewage deodorant. irmetvern NEXT WEER r.\