The Age (Boulder, Mont.) 1888-1904, June 12, 1889, Image 1

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MITE AGE. 17c101. St. 1%Tc). 1.8. 13csulciax - , ittroxttat.mea Tea - x - 1 tciar7', VITectractinciteby. Z - axixe, 1.2. 1.1313110. *se W i er - « li r. ID Ile 1`. BAi.arKZ• latrfralr bui e d.) C 0 4;3 1 .• Wlacalearle and Retail DCALleas lOg C31-711.0CIMMI.111.1111, Hata and Caps, Ik)OIM and tSlaoet4. eurtNisitiNG. GOODS, MID FANCY NOTIONS OF ALL KINDS. Xi Gt. C, en LITERARY NUGGETS. [Gathered for THE Auel If taro grod'a al:mold play theme heavenly niateh, .ind am the wager lay two earthly women. And Puglia one. there must be limns -thing ti-e Pamuod with the other, for the poor rude world Hath nut tier fellow. No man is hurt but by Dioyenes price paid for the privilege of using land. Whosoever furnishes the priv- ilege should receive the rent. In- terest is the earnings of capital, resulting from the ability to use the active (growing) forces of nature in -si0emss-. further production. A man exchangca himself.- his capital -wheat, for a calf -also capital. By turning the calf out upon land a very little labor secures a large return. If he had exchanged his .wheat for a, wagon his capital would be consumed in use. It is just that he should receive interest for the use of his . wagon because he Could exchange it for that forni of capital which would increase in time through the active forces of nature. Wages is that portion of his pro- duct which the laborer receives. \The natural wages of r the laborer is the product of his labor. Less than this it is a sin that. he should be compelled to accept. ' ' Both land values and necessary public expenses are caused by popu- lation; both rise or fall as population increases or decreases. Apparent ex- ceptions are not exceptions. Where a piece of land was sold for so much that, although population has greatly increased since, it will sell for no more now, the price paid was based upon an expected -not a then present -pop- ulation. This is a speculative value caused by access to land being limit- ed by monopoly. Where thereis but a small settle- ment there are few public wants to be supplied and there is but little land value, because of slight compe- tition for its use. As tue settlement grows KO do the war_tg of the com- munity and the demand for the use of laud. Thus it is plain * that the aggregation of people ha any place not only creates public wants but creates a fund, a value which attaches property at all. -John Stuart Mill. to land by reason of demand for its FfRST PRINCIPLES. use, to supply its wants. I said that rent is the price of !Contributed to THE .“,sa „ privilege. The \1:1w of rent \ . as Wealth is the product of labor. acce t by all leading economista, is Land was then plenty and cheap. Land is the store -house of nature; t s: \The rent of land is determined and it was jai the power of ' every one the physical universe ° outside of mau by the excess of its produce over! to become the owner of a tract of himself; the source or element from that which the same application can land- greater or leas in size, but al- which all wealth is produced. \The secure from the least productive land ways sufficient to almost, if not ahol - earth bath Ile given to the children is tee:. Then Wealth minus Rent, ly, support the family of its owner. is equal to Interest plus Wages. -To The P o p ulation was en g a g ed ehieth of men. \ What for? Simply to own? Tien this thing MD le: And lo the true, the tender. and the deep. Can fade ma fades the vision of a sleep. And lease behind no tram that it bath been. -Rory Reilly. •cr.caTin I N We have all a propensity to grasp at Have recently been °de\ to til\r h ulee and \\' forbidden fruit. —From the Latin. stock and • Full and Fine Assortment Of these lines of geode will hereafter be found on our shelves. — KS— /sr:Else% Fou Chnlitcsi - salab X ee cs - vwct ear Here RAPS, ALL 111.11111rIllna, Sporting. VC SE Itarach Butter and k..St . —AND— ARTICLES OP COUNTRY PRODUCE Are wade s spec -tally by this Highest market prim paid for Brrria lea.. A» Au.Rtste or COMMIT Poor,r,ce 1110TEI 1 RH HOT SPHINGB AND HOTEL. W311. TROTTER, PgtogletEroe. There Springs have most I.V.indertial Curative P'ropertiee lu all tunas of Ft.leaebLisaii.abti•D Tiroulbileom AND IN PoLion trig and General Debility. - — The Springs is a MOST PI FA A NU' II Fe4f)IrT Fee theme vibe are overworked and ...eery and who desire a few day - s' (roui toil and busi- ness and waist a fair day.' revrrotino Ilma• • away' re ha at lialual titanium &et Sara an Pm r 13111011 . ai RAM TO MID matt ALL TRAMS. 01eltiM13.91r 13091 • 11111. and RIS? Á URÁNT. HICIROPRA PLAN. o 11,11( art E .1t I{ 1 4 7...-112.N. PROPRIBTOR.S. /X TIRE (‚uns k Kr.zts sates sa.rxr one Clone north of J R. marren'e livery feeble.. t t t t t 1 t Yeah' at all houri-. Nicely furnished menns. 1110CILDE211. - &111 has rrir3B 101/11:111r3=WENOtie.. 13CYTEL_ BOULDER. MONTANA. Under the new management the WIND:4.0H r. lb. CHIT FIRST CLAM BOWL in Boulder TIIE Soma table is set at the 101!/0001t eled embraces all the substentbds In be found in the market. Good rossais well &moieties:I, •raill having meet enenfortahle beds. JOHN rytornTETOR The sandal -tree perfumes when riven The axe that' laid it low; man, who hopes lobe forgiven, Forgive and blew) him foe. The great, in affliction, bear a coun- tenance more princely than they are wouti, for it is the temper °Mlle high- est heart, like the palm -tree, to strive most upward when it is most bur- dened. -Sir Phillip Sydney. Give me a spirit that on lire's rough sea Loves to have his sails filled with a lusty wind, Even till his sail -yards tremble. hie. maids crack, And hie rapt -hip ran on her side low That she dnnks water and her keel plows air. There is no danger to a man that t 111 What life and death is: there's riot any law Eseerde hi. knowledge: neither it , it lawful That he should stoup tu any tither law. Ile gum before them and summands them all. That to himself is • law rational. • --Chu;nrion. If yon wish to marry suitably, mar- ry your tsitial.-Orid. What mortal, wlien he saw, Life's vueage done. his heavenly friend, Could ever dare tell him frarlesely: *have kept uninfri nired my nature's law; 'The only written chart thou gayest me Tu uide me, I have steered by to the end\1 . 7 31tallew Arnold. No man made the laud. It is the original inheritance of the species. Its appropriation is wholly a question of general expediency. When/private property in land is not expedient, it is unjust. When land is not intended to be cultivated, no good reason can in general be given for its being private make it plainer: Let 100 represent use only. For whose use? \The wealth. and 50 . rent, then 100 minus children of men \ -not some of the is 50. After rent is deducted the children, but all. Therefore no one balance (in this cage 50) must be has any right to a share of the earth, various purposes. According to this commonly accepted meaning of the word, a tariff is upon industry. 'It is not often in a tariff discussion that the real reason for demantling_, ‘ protective duties appear. That is covered up and hidden out of aig)st. and a tremendous uproar is raised about our national glory, the wicked- ness a tax. It is a fine of England. the atrocity of the rebellion -anything to distract the public attention from the seltieliness tharlies; at the bottom of - the demand, But in the recent debate in the Senate the leading advocate of the duty on lumber was frank enough to state the true reason, the real motive. I quote his words: . Now the question is, why should lumber be protected? First. in reply, I would y, became the timber standing is %lards and costs from 8 , 4 to at; per thousand feel. standing in the . tree in the white pine region of the United States. while in Canada it costs but El.' There, that is it. Because real estate is low in . Canada, the people of the United States must be heavily taxed on an essential of civilization, for the par - pose of heaping up, or raising still higher the value of pine lands in Michigan. \ * - This debate in the Senate revealed the purpose that lies at the bottom of this whole protec- tion business. Men engaged in var- ticular speculations or in certain . 1; hub; of business desire the aid of the law to secure for themselves high profita by giving them the power totes other people on the neta•ssaries of life. Thia ia the whole of it- thete is no other L. M. sceircrai ails CM> . • Ca do 07/3. 416. 9 e4 4S. 4 ; 5 7 1.* o ‘ka FC1111DIFIt. Ittretletp - leatobtettn. et Swat\ Makeallei. hat., Ofalataaa l Warhtriartava. ale Feeirsery bIRII, the Preentent the hat .restioge.000.n0k...01, North Dakota, Montana. mid Vs adluesetme Habra of He Inn..., see vo Issitort.a.-111r great Prairie Stale, In tibia the se Pied, & blauttoba Rail may km tine mime rearkiiet Fliembile. Aberdeen, Weareisere-mil Sioux 1.11. n., Sour h Dakota nia the Prat, tanoo-apolia è Raderay and preattuartgla •nd Minneapolis ea new._ NOSTII DU100• - -WhIfr IN, No. I ita,d smirk Far Cheat whose healthful elmiate marten • the moot eigurous and Imams - risittaaljert ma earth: ahem meets eruemIl•-• nee „wee a hem., «Me, and leithry ~ore StAter the mil oď whe«. krtlie M friary thou the • MM.... the Nile; where the .le Hassataan. ‚lei 11/e. lake Sand doter,. He the hoseerreker serum a free home. Slagrallenst dusty train server t.. Fargo, Grand Fad.. tandloo. Discils Lake. Hottinems. and all other araaatara prear. lakevaaa. ram Carers -Tr.-mums urn her mine. .4 sereeMememeolue wraith In her helot of lise • rasa is her tooltle: Sear. produeing a larger ‚ir id or (»WS Oro ray maim 'riait or Territory; the retied ememegy per areatirair mirth. here per- yerity measensial. whit* tom Ile keel -paid tabor In the world_ a 1 . ..shay muter etteuate, Gored bs wane atria hum the Paroi.-. Thai*. Paul. Min isespolin It liasideeva Railway la the unity nutmeat rig motive.\ theouthi ireeitimume merieoltural ensiutry net flirrempairm ear Illourtifor. It \The prosperity or a nation does i n osselss« a lbois l ee es e e e r 'mere of Ma& oretIme. ins the Milk River not depend upon its agisa,site wealth. w ss - e- =ass...sass.' liberhoer: no inbrattior resound. the tinily liar elambsig »rough Greet Falls. but upon the manlier of the distribu- e\ Se. Leer. beeePliere ellihirsils- immense equal Ma.. Mod serrouleding tarsietag ...sentry frv-I. tion of that wealth.\ thessach Beier, the metal 'Sty slot ....e.mee. 0isi meter of 31.miaesa, and leulte, the ru heel toining \Certainly the people of this main- 6• _.'\ e• r inue \\ - 1.). ' he rower eallloy.inersamea. asid Shasta route. or rigden. try do not to -day possess the rough t eb....__ Ie ne d e l e . = ' el.. '' ' hi see eioe rgimmulimeg • ran.. «nr,4•116« , plenty, and the personal independence `eel\ \ere e «I ' D fee' 4 ' Pe e l end Mime - _ aerie betiessat Talk Briena. mat Butt, It is also which was characteristic of the Amer- d e r.:\.... L e...„ Mee- se iseertnaeurs.- we ewientry tab indented leans in the early part *this Century. e•F religglo‘«Le- de. nefehreneee . 4 Ow - mil Ifflert thee Ike sit Taal. %Jimmied, & Ham. itafragy thr . ..ailv bier es tar* ...ere et...of...4 thee.- n•IIMIW. 101.0 Parfait enest. TI'. Manitoba- Pa- mire mete is the amity lose by which piimenip re us mot. fee Torismes. Tonlisied. and %RI Franosseu can lhisoligh Tent Timeworn.** and Seattle Free col - moots bonier. rue through vs Shoed e hang.- or delay. Illeitaree tis the Paris- 400101 rue re by other line., twa arm. tirturt• ire See nod tr. dollar. Imo. Take the •ie-anie made Tor fonter eudieraiallkie. maps rates. not pohltra- toms magari Ike reemerem nf the four asse said.- - ‚rite appey Is. T. Wapyrstry fiett•I Poe, • Te-km gas P. a M. ay.. re Pau,. )111à0. in agriculture. Each farmer with bin it ADERsBuRG pooro — jîrga STORE family cultivated his own land and 13t. produced almost everything he re- PILAILLB I • quire(' for his own use. Blacksmiths, pe t er- f agot's, etiitionery. divided between interest and wag. wagon and harness makers. shoe- (soots. \taler' and N.diourt but every one lias an equal and in- ea Mortar liner ar4 large« ifflortaarmit of herein right to the use of any part of If interest takes 35 there will be bet makers, tailors, carpenters, usually art flair Negro and hag Guido Garrally ern the terans. • the earth at any time. 15 for wages. Thus we see the more worked in their own shop, and if they Money is a medium of e4hange there is taken for rent the less is left,I employed others to work for them. and a measure of value. As an for interest and wages, and the more these were generally apprentims who. in - powerful capital is the smaller will be in time, would own shops of their strument of exchange it should be made of that material which will the share labor receives. As rent own. Even those who worked at combine cheapness and convenience, risesinterest and wages fall. As times for others as journeymen. uso - and best facilitate exchange. As a population increases and civilization ally rented or owned a plat of ground measure of value it is simply a yard- ' advances, rent doea rise. If increase with their homed, whie they orth eir stick to measure wealth wit'''. cr ' in in productive power is accompanied family cultivated. Their wages were M by an equal increase of rent, capital thus supplemented in a substantial - chants use two tacks placed in the counter to measure cloth with, that and labor can receive no benefit. As manner, so that the rate of wages in being cheaper than a wooden yard- long as rent is absorbed by private money furnishes little or no index to stick. The, only legitimate functions iudividtials-or corporations there is a the real resources of workingmen of of money being those of a measure continual struggle between capital that day. Certain it is tlàat at that and an New:lent, it is not wealth, and labor for the fractien of wealth time there Were no able-bodied pan - and should contain as little wealth as rent leaves them, per. 4 , few poor-housea, little or no possible. As to the store - house of nature ia crimp, and suicides were almost un - Capital is productive wealth; stored- for the equal use of all men; as rent known. There was no great wealth, up labor used in producing more is the. price - paid for the privilege of but the indications point to no wide - wealth. All wealth is not capital, such use; and as the presence of the 41 P ri- •ad poverty, and to comparative but all capital is wealth. therefore aril people (their presence being a silent - wealth -in the last analysis -is the though actual-(lemand for use) creates product of labor. Thus labor and the privilege, rent belongs to the capital applied to land .. produce e°rnuaunit Y • wealth. Land is the passive factor \A tax is the taking by the nation, to which the labor and capital must for its own uecessary use, of that be applied by man. Then wealth is which it alone holds in full in its orig- the product of three factors: , Wealth inal right. \ [Elisha Mulford.] That is eqnal to Land, multiplied by Capi- is the definition of a., just tax. That tal, multiplied by Labor. It must then is what, a tax sImuld always be. But be divided between the three. For ate commonly used a tax is a forced distribution Wealth is equal to Rent contribution of wealth, paid by indi-: plus Interest plus Wager'. viduals to other individuals or corpo - Rent js the price ofprivilege, : the ration«, or to the government for and general content. \ [Extracts from The Leader, Chicago.] \During the colonial period and the earlf days of the Republic them was but little accumulated national wealth,but what there was. was prob- ably disibuted with more of equali- ty than has ever prevailed in any other large community of which we have a correct history for any length- eued period. * * There was but little poverty, and consequently few nodal distinctions. * * The general tenden- 17 of events dnring the la , t qnarter century of our national history has béen to more unequally distribtite the results of industrial effoet, to aessunn- late great fortune* in a few hands - in abort, to cause the rich to grow richer and the poor poorer. \ [I)avid A. Iralla, -- 1e - t>ntury of the Reim i \1 The estraets above quoted enforce the point I wish to, make. namely; That a tax on wealth- the product of labor—is a robbery of the individual. As the only excuse for any tax is the neceassity of a fund to meet public ex- penses. and am the land value of any ensiamunity is the only (and that be- longs to the 47...immunity, if personal property he taxed to raise such a fund, the individual is robbed, and soms . other individual will pocket the fund nand value which belongs to the people. Them a personal property tax. Or any tax on products, is a rob- bery of the individual by society, and necessarily reacts in the robbery of society by other individuals. This double robbery can only be prevented by a just tax. which takes the people's own. fer their own use, and leaven none for any individual to pietist. - Assured that the principiou that we urge are right. we can rest upon the conviction that the tussahs wit} •-oreepotel.'' W. F. e‚tex

The Age (Boulder, Mont.), 12 June 1889, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.