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C' o o P4 ui SI ----- ' H. M. Ptatiwatt, Helena. Ws. Minutia, Boulder. Zeati - c‚hoix et, Mc:ix-riaw, WHOLES.% LE A NIA IC I.:TA It. T1 Ft 17 Cik C> fE3 — -‚'a-.-- „r carry all goads visually carried by • DRUGGISTS. 0---- AlsO 1,17 r -a Le 3E' .A. 113 . —0- 403 -Our Pries - Aso Reasonable \ita Try a Rhea ef Oar Seas Water. G MR. MT 41163NTIA. 14 1P hawinmee Cumpany of New 'Fork. IMULLS11111 WE. A wets \ - - - .11114.(X)0.1i110.00 Surplus 1.14 s1,000.111 Paid to Policy Hohlers..i. 21,600.008,1.00 Amount of -Insurance In Force- 50,000,000.00 IS YOUR LIVE INSURED, A Duty Every Man ()wet: to His Family! Tee Herateuala LI lhasuiranee Ceispary ,OF NEW YORK Hut Opened a Lucid Mir for Jefferson County at POULDER, MONTANA, Where ell.fertus of polities will be issued, lunhading Aassoistrrie BOND Possicurcs, s .., • • Wheal ate phyable in 10, 15, 20, or 25 yeat•el Or in ease of previous death TMIZEMDM.A.T. IC It .\\ I For information and rates, call on or outdrew; S. DOltEMUS, Manag Helens,erf r Sle : tt t r: 1 , ,a, oa PIERRE DURYEA. Special Agent for JetTerarin County. Ogler with Inoue Jorrs, Es q . Boulder, Montana... THE AGE - • - BOULDER, MOST. WEDNEADAT, JULY 31, 1889. Judge. Indeed, both Jefferson and Beaverhead exceed Missoula in the 7 amount of property subject to time- •tion, while Madison falls only 8350,- 000, behind Missoula. If the districts remain as at present apportioned, the , districts themselves shciuld pay the salaries of their Judges. Otherwise the claim made by most of Jefferson's representatives in the Convention that She could not affotd a District Court for herself alone becomes or no force and she will be paying the cost without having the advantages. Tub; slusT ELECTION in Montana un- der the Australian system came off in Miles City last week, the occasion being the choice of an Alderman to fill a vacancy. The dispatches to the Helena Journal say that the system worked very satisfactorily. There seems to be some misunderstanding in several parts of the Territory as to when • registration begins under the new registritaien law. The law pro- vides' that the registration officers shall enter upon their duties on the first of August Ind actual registration does not begin until the fifteenth of August and continues . until' the fif- teenth of September. 'II THE MEMBERS of the Constitu- tional Convention soga.rd the town with the Most times- to squander as the best place for the . State Capital, they need -not be surprised to 'find %at thé members tf the first Legis- lature of the State look upon men in the same light and vote for United Staters Senators on the same principle. • THE ARTICLE adopted by the Con- stitutional Convention conéerning the courts, dispenses with the Probate Court., throwing all probate business into the District Court. Under such circumstances THE Aos thinks it would have been well to give each y a District Court. The article provides that the salaries of the Judges of these courts shall be paid entirely by the State, which is unjust to Jefferson and other counties. For instance, Missoula county, with less taxable property, few if any >more people, and certainly no more court busineaa than Jefferson county, is ‚nade a Judicial District and has a :Judge for itself, while Jefferson, Mad- s irron, and Beaverhead counties are made one Judicial District but com- pelled to help pay. Missoula county's THE 'CONSTITUTION tillOnld prohibit the Legislative 'Assembly from making any grants in perpetuity for any pur- pose, and especially for charitable purposes. Otherwise the State may be burdened .with the support of in- stitutions which it is not the duty and -may not be the desire of the people of the State to aupportrryn fact, it were better that the Legislative Assembly be prohibited from making•ante grants for, charitable purposes, for such grants are generalleelna ks for . robbing' the people'. Let the State see that. inal and exact justice is done to each and all of !ter people, and they will in their private capacities attend promptly to all just demands upon their charity. As ‚us BEEN repeatedly shown in THE AGE, the principles of, taxation are by no Iffealls definitely settled. On the contrary there • is hardly a State in the Union where there are not discussions and investigations of the subject. and everywhere there are complaints that the prevalent system is unjust and oppressive It would certainly under such circumstances be folly for the Coustitutiou of Montana to declare in favor of certain metimds of taxation, thus preventing the State from taking advantage of new ideas and diseoverles on this subject with- out a change in the Constitution, which is not desirable and will be costly and inconvenient. It will be enough for tile Constitution to say: .“The rate of taxation shall be uni- form, and taxes shall be levied 'wen such property as the Legislative As- sembly shall prescribe.\ Raising rev- enues is the province of the Legislature, and the revenue law must necessarily change with changing conditions and necessities. . Leave the matter in the hands of the. Legislature and the people will see that injustice is not done. As Judge Cooley told the North. Dakota Convention, \Don't legislate too much, you must, trust somebody. Times and conditions change. Don't tie the Legislature uk too tight.\ POLITICAL NOTES. J. W. Gilkey, Esq., of Hope, is spoken of far the Republican nomhia- tion for Sheriff. He is a first-class man and would make a good race. Hon. N. Merriman came within one vote of securing the Rebublican Terri- torial Convention for Boulder. The gentleman deserves well of Boulder for his effort. It is not - gertain yet that an election of county officers will be required this fall, but if there is mach an election the successful candidates can count ouI a three -years' term. It is probable that Will C. Whaley, of Bedford, present Secretary of the Democratic County - Central Commit- tee, will be a candidate for a Tsegiala- tive nomination on the Democratic ticket. He is a political, rustler and has done good service for his party. It is understood that W. E. Dean, of Elkhorn present County Superin- tendent of Elkhorn, would not refuse the Democratic nomination for Comity Assessor if it were tendered him on a silver salver. It will be remembered that the gentleman was spoken of for the place last year. The Jefferson county Republican Central Committee mead' in Wickes to -day, after time arrival of the various morning trains, to arrange for the calling of the county convention and ,to attend to. other preliminaries for the coming campaign. It is understood that a number of the leading Repub- lican lights of the county will make - it convenient to attend the meeting of the committee to exchange confidences, build up a combination ticket, and ar- range a plan of campaign. Capt. S. A. Swiggett, of Wickes. and ?dr. P. B. Inane, of Placer, have been suggested as gentlemen whom the Re- publicans of Jefferson county might worthily honor with Legislative nom- inations next mouth. Hon. Ed. Cardwell, of Cold Springs, is the only Democrat ao far mentioned for the State Senate from Jefferson county, but that gentleman says he is not a candidate, and when he says any - th ing liesgenerally means it. G. E. Pool, Esq., of Radersburg, has also been mentioned for Legislative honors on the Democratic ticket. The Repablician Territorial Central Committe,a tnet in Helena last Satur- day and decided to call the Terri- torial Convention at Anaconda' on Thursday, August 22d. The convention will-eonsist of two hundred delegates, the apportionment being made on the basis of one delegate for each 112 votes cast for the Republican nominee for Congress last fall. On this appor- tionment Jefferson county will be entitled to eleven delegates. It would be a good idea for the County Commissioners to arrange and have donducted during the next term of tbe District Court, beginning the_ first Monda in September, a sample polling -place such as is required by the new election laws of Montana. Men from every precinct in the county will he present and see how the elec- tion is to be conducted, and the prac- tical illustration will be much better than any amount of explanation. Dr. W. M. Bullard, of Wickes, is frequently spoken of as the Republican nominee for the State Senate at the coming election. Judge I. N. Buck and Frank Hoopes, Esq., of the Boulder valley, Hon. N. Merriman, Of Jeflarson, and P. B. Clark, Esq., of Crow Creek Valley,are also mentioned for Legislative honors on the Repub- lican ticket.. - Hon. R. E. Hammond has been suggested for Superintendent of Schools, and Frank Lindsey, Esq., of Wickes, for Sheriff. ' The Democratic Territorial Com- mittee held a meeting in Helena last po i . Friday and empowered the hairman to call a Territorial Co Won to nwet at Anaconda Mondas', • e 26th of August. Delegates were -apportioned in the ratio of one to eaélt one hun- dred votea east for the Democratic nominee for Congress last fall. This will make 174 delegates in the con- vention, of • which Jeffarson county will be entitled to twelve. It is mu- derstood that the committee consider- ed, iii conjuuction with the Democratic members of .the Constitutional 'Vim- vention, the question of . electing county officers this year. and it was decided that there should be such an election. CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION On Friday:July 26th, the article on the judicial department of the State government, was adopted. front the finance committee, reported an article on State finances. It provides that the necessary revenutt shall be raised by a uniform rate of taxation on all property not exempted in the Constitution. The exemptions include public property, educational and religious properties as are usually exempted. The rate of taxation for State purposes . is never to exceed three mills on the dollar. When the valuation exceeds 'a hundred million dollars, the rate shall not exceed two and a half mills, and when the tax- able property exceeds three hundred million dollars, the rate shall not exceed one mill o4, tlié dollar. The people may indeed' this 'rate, how- ever, by a majority vote at a general election. All minét and mining claims, both placer and quartz which are patented, shall be taxed at the price paid to the United States, except where the surface has a value inde- pendent of minerals, when it 18 to he taxed like other property. Machinery used in mining, all property and sur- face improvemeuta an mines, and the I annual net proceeds shall be taxed as provided by law. The franchise, road- way, , wa, roadbed, rails and rolling stock of `all railroads operated in more than tie county in this State shall be as - missed by the State board of equaliza- tion and the same shall be apportioned I to the counties, cities, towns, town- ships, and •school districts in which such railroads are located, in propor- tion to the number of miles of rail- way laid in sech cotinties, cities, townie,' townships, and school districts. The article was ordered printed. It is one which will proambly caarse more discussion than any other article ln the Constitution, so it will hardly he disposed of tinder a week, and may be entirely changed from what the committee reported. The committee on town and ceunty organization reported back Conrad's resolution prohibiting this creation of new counties unless they have a valu- ation of 83.000,000 without recom- mendation. Hershfield, from the committee on miscellaneous subjects, reported ad- versely on A. J. Burns's proposition creating a mining •bureais and the proposition was stricken from the files. s Consideration of the suffrage ques- tion was resumed in committee of the whole. Some minor amendments were made to the article after which it was adopted, being substantially as report- ed by the committee. Practically, the qualifications of an elector will be male citizenship and residence in the State for one - year. On Saturday, July 27th, Hershfield, &ran the committee on miscellaneous subjects, reported an article embracing uumerous subjects. An oath of office for State officers is provided. The Legislative Assembly is prohibited from authorizing lotteries or gift en- terprises; is required to pass laws for the protection of grasses and forests ' from lire; to provide liberal homestead 'and exemption laws; and is prohibited from granting perpetuities except for charitable purposes. No free passes are allowed to officers under heavy penalties to grantor or receiver. Duelling is prohibited. The Consti- tution may be amended by submitting an amendment to the voté of these people at a general election, a' two - third vote of the Legislative Assem- bly being required,\ however, before the proposed amendment is submitted. A new Constitutional Convention may be called by the same process. The Convention then went into committtee of the whole on the ar- ticle relating to State Matitut ions, and several places were suggested for the temporary capital. After voting on Billings, Bozeman, Helena, and Ben- ton, Anaconda was eleeted by a vote of thirty-two to twenty-four, after. which the committee reset and the Convention adjourned. Menday, July 29fh, a- communi- cation was received from the Montana Society of Civil Engineers, asking for the creation of the office of State Engineer. The art jele on sintrage waS rePor - tea as amended in committee but actien Was deferred on 'account of the ab- sence of many members. J. K. Took., from the committee on legislative department, reported ad- versely on Watson's resolution pro- viding for the publishing in a paper in each county of all laws passed by the Legislature.. The friends of Anaconda then made efforts to fix an early day for the con- sideration' of the committee's report 'on public institutions, which involved the location of the temporary capital, but they were unsuccessful in this effort, and shy a vote of thirty-six to twenty-seven the subject was left to come up in its regular order. This was an indication that Anaconda has •not a sure thing on the temporary capital, and the opinion is quite fre- quently expressed that Helena will be able to hold the capital against all corners. The Convention then went into committee of the whole on the article covering the executive department. An effort was made to reduce the salary of the Governor from $5,000, but this was not successful. A propo- sition to leave the matter of salary to the Legislature was also defeated. An amendment was adopted pro- viding that the salary of an officer should not be changed during the term of office for which he was elected or appointed. A clause authorizing the Legislature to give State officers mile- age was stricken out. An unsuccessful effort was made to do away with the board of pardons provided for by the committee, leav- ing the pardoning power entirely with the Governor. Further amendments. of no great, importance were made, after which the committee rose and the article was reported. Those who had been defeated in their proposed amendments in com- mittee of the whole began introducing them again in the Convention, but the absentees were so numerous that it was concluded best to adjourn, which was accordingly done. RADERSBURG RAYS. [Special Correspondence or `ran Ana. I RADERSIWRG, July 27.—During a thunder shower on Spnlig creek last Friday the barn of Mrs. Toston was • set ou fire by lightning and burnt up. It Was a good barn and the loss is severely felt by the owner. James Knight had a bronco to fall back on him last week. severely Innis - ing his face and neck. It was a close call. Dr. Vawter has been on the sick list for the last week fmnt is now able to be around and *need to his duties, Huntley & Clark have leased their stage line between this place and TOS- IOn to JtiMPS Wiest. who will punch your tickets and take you over the line in \way up\ style. The boys who took in the circus have all returned with leas money but more experience. 'Two.% ereithus. The farinera are very busy harvest- ing their hay crops. They have an average of about one-fourth of the usual amount harvested. • J. F. Ritchhart and other parties from Omaha who have beee prospect- ing some mines in this vicinity left for home Saturday. -e -One by one the roses fall.\ The many friends of Mr. Jeff Sharp were profoundly grieved to hear of his untimely decease. He was a gen- erous friend and a sterling citizen. 'Nothing new -worth recording has transpired in mining circles in the last few weeks. The school exhibition given Tues- day eve. July 23d, was a success and much credit is due to the pupils and teachers for the perfect drill and movements of- the students. To men- tion any one particular person when all were equally deserving would not be right. Nothing but words of praise and encouragement were beartl from the -large audience that was present. The new Registration law is being damned in advance. A great many will not register. To leer three days in order to vote is too mire to ask of the busy prospector. Making the law applicable 'to the sparsely settled country districts was a mistake. Tha result will be that it trill practically disfranchise at a low estimate one- fourth of our citizens. A registration law is effective and, satisfactory in cities and towns but no good results are obtained by enforcing it in coun- try districts. Ustart. FľP.XITUItE l 'LA LE US. Wilfr1/1111-:A.1.) Wks ‘;'1;7- 33dritasunace1 la. FUTP,1•TITTIR. STORM!' To Tur Prate% We are now prepared t.. furnish rny OTT hco.e nT 11,0tei with au\ altyle or furniture just'. thcap al any 14We in 3/..n1enta. Lai ing over, tget wor . .11 of furniture in VFW KOMI, a.!oreTrOTST- ing from five to seven earloink. e imwt. Se ship all ov.'r tbe Territory-, _waadat attention siren t-• \Firm; go....ele ‚Jerked surd dearrted in ter! ease; atylr. ; A.1. Pee our more tritest in teni-o. order work, wool r e wirin g a sperialty. • Orovebeek /eSitaiplti not Renck, Oppneer Caerie oaks. Whit,ebettct klínt-ho. - - I L c,. mr.-u-Z.1•11 el\ late opeoed in -. - • MONTANA, hi . the obi CACO. COOT I'D. at the meth ended M.sh: ram«, rat the erne gills. a line line al 3!\ X7 FL N X r i • 1%. F3 I. sod also n complete stock or CROCKERY. GLASSWARE. TarltA_R.11. AND , Roc= TIJIL.FMCW:r: Goat. or A,. Lam two °totems. Do not bur au\ more lueote-forniebint c onga until y..ti idtvr t:xttratint-tt the - Aew stork at Hunt's, where you ran buy a single piece or • ealog-lete moult. Thia Wail sal- youn ag.. whieh the peo- ple of Bould.rr will appre- ciate. TIND - MR. will carry • full line. of UNDERTAK- ING 000135. and harin g bed semeh esperieme in *hi* branch of Wainer« be is prepared to guarantee satidketion in this line. G1.01E1:31-Pleir.A./rir Br CO., D1&LlE Fruits, Confectionery, Nttre, Tobaccos and Cigars and Notions of Various Kinds. Au, VARIETIES or Gazer Onoraziaa. Parris agar ihnutnis WILL se Ewer is Timm flamones. IT wetA, as THE Ana ro Kier 1Dreas Finen Aso Is St-rectrwr Qrsa- rev To forrrir ALL DEMAND!. Ealteel 13 ohs. Selma' lasele, Scheel Reeks Kept runotantly on hand. this bringr the Sadder Ageney fur the authorized TERRITORIAL TRXT-ROORR FOR PUBLIC SCHOOLS WOLTER a ILASPIEREP. BOULDER, MONTANA. Wholesale and Retail . 33 T7 Ur CI 33 3E1 re. • Of Beef, M ut ten, Tetnek„ Nréal- ALL xarsos or SAUSAGE A liPieLi.TT. Salt Meat* of Hest Quegity Always ea Mandl.: FRESH FISH ANI) HARE IN THEIR SEAROX. Market at the old MURRAY STAND. he l ptg.,NIN na 'S S11 . 21 . 011e1P tibial in isiesbe the nele RI . Des -pc tun earned by mail as well ow in arhonl-roorn. A sebohirship embracing tuition by mail for thiny-rtiaoineka. net-- headere..4 , .. eau he *reared at Tu\ (..r oaten for cArS.N.