The Age (Boulder, Mont.) 1888-1904, August 14, 1889, Image 1
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_ E \Tecoll. 2.1\1\cs. 22. 33 c:.‘alcl lbercszLtdemaga Torrl tcsIr3r, Na;To cl ii. CV ma clayey, .41.1.1.s 14 4 113813. *el Pier. 'Inedible\. BaLlOriEr., 11,01‘. - 117 Mk 40404 datat.d.) Wholesale and Itatail DItalina Is 0-1 1 11.C1CaltlFt,X1E1010, Hate and Capri, Boots and Skoog., GiCe4'ilL4' seuttsitisixxxo- csocaas, • I MID \ Iria«CY NOTIONS OF ALL KINDS. in. 1r - or GM CI> 7:1 0111 MID C 'T 11 I N nave reeently been added to war large and varied stork and • Full and Fine Aneurtment Of thee@ It.., of geed* will hereafter be found on oar shrives Foe C/oalltoormal.a.. Wed:swore:10r WORKS. Hercule**, cA miff —144— Itaucla But ter and Eggs ALL ARTICLES OP COUNTRY PRODUCE kiperting. Are made a speriatry by thu houtie. Highest market prier paid for Birnma teas. on. Au. Enron or Clamor eit000ce la II IFE.IME AL IVz,a. Xa X 31 ° 113 Inetareinee Cemnpatay .elf Mew Turin 111131133IA -414.000.000.00 .... 1.I00,000.00 reertu:Pnl ley Molder... sesoo.000.00 A anonat or Ilunnance In Force— e0.00),000.00 • YOUR UPI INSURZDt A Dnt1 Every Man Owe. to III/ Fatally! diloommtato LI* lasagne. gregapidar oF NEW YORK Mao Opened • I..» , a1 Oflbe f..r Jefferson ( ounty at I10r1i)F-11. M 'NT %NA, Where all farms of polirti,.. will be issued. Inelarling I5Fintit7T*X 110 1.4 - 1) PO LICIIES„ Whir* arepayable ia 10, 1r.„. 20, or 25 Voar..! Or in MAO a larrious death itt D For information and rates, mil an or addrees P. 8. D0REMi - 1 4 , Misailier for Kuntarm. Helena, on PI KRIM DtfRY1F.A, Phpreiel Arent for Jefferson I 'ounty. Office with Triune. Jena. Dn.. libuider, Montana. MOTELS. B OVLD* HOT 11,11111101 anzs,nownas. TWOTTER, Paoreurron. These Spring\ hare most Wonderful Curative. Proper , e.imai In an tonne of ZILludaaammodat icy Ti-coxilzsl dos .11.1/D 21 Lead Poisoning and General Debility. —M— Th, Springs is • MOST PLEA-SANT IZIGISOIVT Ter three who are overworked and weary and who desire a few day( retie( from toil and bus. - edam and weed • few days' recreation. - Sao ailing. as ase et Law Lumina esf See we Fria ta ID Nines denied. SAM To aim room Au. 'fluama. 01PILXIIIEWIPAILL ZECMICUIELT-a and RBSTAURANT 111101ROTEAN PLAN. o IIAIVIrIC fa MICA UN, PROPRIETORS. 11 , 0 A» al it LEM eau* abmn *se deer north of J. R. Warren's beery sable t t t *state at all hour,. aructurn, t Steely fornished rooma /TON TA Ng . TH F. AGED POOR. (Contributed „'Tisi Aut.) The above is the title of an article in the June Chaidauquan by Mrs-. Fields. Speaking of the money that is tieing \poured out upon hospitals for the sick\ \lunatic asylums\ and \refuge for the unfortunate of every kind\ she says that \this expenditure is not disproportionate to the wants and difficulties «large institutions, but out of proportion to the amount of time, thought, and money which 'is given- to prevent the supply from which these sick and unfortunate members of society are drawn.\ Trite. But she continues:\ \The same consideration should be brought to bear upon the condition of our aged poor; and even before we consider the question of how we may take care of these neglected old people, we must try to discover the source of supply, and the reason why there are so many forsaken persons who were once 'set in families' .\ That ia good common sense. That is certainly the beat way to approach the problem. It is so seldom that magazine writers do ap- proach it in that way that we can afford to hear what she has to say: \Sympathy with unrelieved trouble, the problems which it presents, cause suggestions to arise which only friend- ly feeling could excite. It is in this way that a true science can be built up.\ Good! She must have solved the problem, or she would not talk thus about \a true science.\ • \We owe to the personal experience of a lady who tried to befriend one of the poor old Irish women, whom we may be pretty sure to find lonely and forlorn under the attic roof of almost any large tenement house, the knowl- edge of one source of the neglect of the aged. It was discovered that she had two grown eons, drunkards, who occasionally slept off the effects of a spree in their mother's dark quarters, but who otherwise loft her in neglect and misery. Then she says, \If the children whose duty it is to take care of their parents, could be made to do so, a very large proportion of these public charges could be set free to -morrow, and would find them- selves in independent. homes.\ Yes, indeed! If they \could be made to do so.\ But how can they be made to do it? \In behalf of the poor something may he...slone by the en- forcement of Lite laws by which chil- dren are required to support their parents; but the root of the evil lies in the lack of religious education and of cleanly, law-abiding, truth -loving homes.\ Yes? Then, of course, she is going to tell us how to Substitute homes in place - of those tenement bouses, for how can any one have such a home in a tenement house? \There is one way in which the homes of the poor may be improved, one sure method (that's what we want—a sure method) by which the evil of neglect of the aged may be prevented, and that is by - the person- al care and friendly oversight of men and women who have clean homes. and obedient children of their own; (\source of supply\ did she say?) people who do not waste their own money in drinking. and super -refine - mente and who are able with a clear conscience to advise and guide their hardworking or worthless and thrift- less neighbors.\ Who are these \men and women\ who have time and motl- ey to spare in looking after their \hardworking\ neighbors? Is not all wealth the product of labor? Why should the \hardworking\ men and women, whom she does not class with the \worthless and thriftless\ be poor? \There is one peculiarity attend- ing them all (the homes for old peo- ple), however comfortable they may be: the old people always dislike -to go to then) and ward off the sad mo- ment of their going as long as pos- sible.\ Why? Should they not be grateful for such homes? They may think they should, and yet feel that they are not. Why? Is it not because they feel that it is accepting charity, and justice has not been done them? \Would it not seem well, therefore, in contemplating • the oOnditions of, dependent old 'people, to ask the at- , tention of the piiblic, not alone to the number of institutions and the man- ner in which the homiékeeping is reg- ulated in them, but to the larger ideate first, of decreasing the supply from which such institutions are illed, and seeood, to the 'far more natural and less expensive scheme, on the *hole, of having them eared for separately in their own abodes?\ Why, to -be sure! Who wouldn't rather live un-. deli% own vine and flew? And 80 she has got back again to \the larger idea\ of the source of supply : 'Tlieh she proceeds to gists the opinion of various philanthropists about it. She finally (incites. from a report 'nand in Lend a Hand, of May, 1888, which di- vides the unfortunates into classes, the fourth class being \those who have led industrious and useful lives\. Strange, isn't it, that such a class of old people should. be poor, in a world where all wealth is produced by such people? \Such a report as the -one from which I have just quoted; is of the greatest benefit to ;the world of be- nevolent workers, because it shows what may be done to alleviate one form of suffering; and yet up to this time no radical advance or organized labor for real removal of the trouble of the aged l'a a taken piece.\ Still ehe returns to .the first idea of the cause; she must have a' surprise in store for us. \In London one hundred and thirty of these distressful 'home' have been established, and in Ameri- ca the cry is still 'they come'. The dislike for the *tonnes' is so deepreot- ed that every eubterfbge is adopted to keep away from them. Men and women hide away as if they were felons in order to escape this form of what is called benevolence.\ Is it the \form of what is called benevo- lence\ that' they seek to avoid? Is it not something wore? Just put your- self in their placas and try to imagine why it is they hide away. Is it not ' because of their spirit of indepen- dence? \Very few persons have any idea upon how small a sum of money weekly, myriads of lonele , old women manage to exist in our cities, nor how greatly their sad condition is fostered by our relief societies. The officers of the hitter know that such women contrive to subsist, it they have one dollar a week given to them; therefore after being fully assured of their good behavior slid poverty, they will - grant a noble pension of fifty cents! The women are then allowed to go to MUD other society for a - like sum. After this is obtained, in order to be a little less miserable they en- deavor to beg or to pick up still an- other dollar if possible; but this latter amount of luxury (?) is alwaye un- certain and must be kept well out of sight or the societies will cut them off and send them to an institution.\ What an arraignment of our civili- zation! \Myriads of lonely women\ whose \sad condition is fostered by our relief societies\! Mind you, these are not the profligate or thriftless but those of whose \good behavior and poverty\ the inquisitory societies are \fully assured\. They are the \worthy poor\. Poor because of no fault of their own. 'Whose fault, then? And now she propounds the notori- ous Tweed question: \What are you going to do about it?\ -!--only in an- other form, thus: \Now in view of the fact that 'homes' are what well- behaved old people especially dislike, What, will be asked, is the public ex- pected to do about it?\ And, now, when we might expect her to answer the question, she digresses again to tell why \at present is rothing more di'. ficult than to get annuities for old - people.\ After giving three reasons she says: \Of course, if we spend our money we have it not, and it is clear that we shall never -better the condition of our poor until we refrain from giving (simply because men are poor, and thus trying to stop the evil at the soun•e.\ So again we are brought up to face that question— th source? Surely this is the climax. Listen! \But let us in America, where we have opportunity, pause. Let us re- flect upon the source of supply (now, indeed, she has worked us up to the point of attention, and we are ready to be told just what that \source\ ig) and while we use every endeavor to lessen that stream let us give up the' idea of building hones and institu- tions. Let UM try instead to find shelter for the aged in private homes and with their kindred until divine love shall. call them home.\ How's that? What stream? And what has this eubetitlite to - do with finding the \source\? Again she forgets &son% the souree and continues: - It is exceedingly Interesting to observe how helpful human nature becomes to us in a matter like this which looks at first 50 difficult (she speaks with the con- fidence of a discoverer). Many an old person is happy to\- find one older anti pourer than herself, for the price of' whese bonni and attendance she is herself made comfortable iii the old plitee; and the infinence of au orphan child in one of these lonely rooms in sometimes like a living sunbeam. The suggestions which have been thins 'briefly outlined are so simple and re- quire 80 sunlit an outlay that they would seem to need only the attention of benevolent persons to be put into immediate action. First. The 'limber of candidates for relief will be great- ly diminished by discovering the children, if there be any, and re- quiring them to support their par- ents.\ How disappointing! Without tell- ing us why they are poor, so that we could appreciate her remedy, she pro- ceeds to outline something for \imme- diate action\; But bow are we to succeed in \requiring them (the chit- dren) to support their parents.\ She doesn't inform us, and again we are disappointed. But let tut thllow her to the end; perhaps give us a glimpse of her occult \seience\ ere she closes. \Second. One large hone should be retained where. all suffering old persons who have no proper place to stay in ma' lie put temporarily 'until the right disposition is made in their cafe, -Third. A committee -of visitors should be retained to keep account ot worthy persons placed in individual homes; this is no more than is doué already in well managed institutions where it is the habit to have a corps of monthly visitors to oversee the in- ternal economy. \Fourth. A certaiu fund to be used in the form of pensions would be required by the board of directors. It will easily be »en that ergs/died- work of this kind could be made to cover the whole labor needed in be- half of the aged poor in a large city, with hardly more trouble and expense than la now given to one institution. \We hope that a brighter dity is coming for the old people, and as we see how tawny a change of plan can be bniught about, it dues not look yery far away.\ Is that all? So we have merely been following a \will -o -the -Wisp\. Yes, \we see how -easily a change of .plan can be brought about\ but we don't see how that change, which you' propose, w•ts at the source nf supply. -What a physician! Some eight times calling us in \reflect upon the source of supply\ discover \why they are poor, and time stop the evil at its source\ and never once mention that source—the \why\—but recommend a - palliative—a mere varnish salve! Think a moment. Our social struct- ure is all awry—her testimony to that effect is Conclusive: Then there, must be some flaw near the founda- tion. We believe there is at stone misplaced in the foundation of our social structure, \and like the tower of Pisa, the higher it goes the more it leans, and the more it nears( its inevi- table fall\. If that flaw could be corrected \it would make alL the dif- ference between the structure going up straight or awry\. By the Single Tas we would \substitute justice for injustice at the bottom of society, and with justice there—at the bottom— justice would be done everywhere\. \It would enable every man to com- pel every other man to do him justice. Therein lies the beauty' of it. Men then would do righteously. (justly) automatically; they could not help themselves; the- other men would. make them.\ \Then no man would ask another if he would kindly allow him ,to live; like a man he would sim- ply rr and live. Then, no matter bow desirous one might be of fleecing and bossing hie neighbor, the means —ownership of his neighbor's foot- hold—would be lacking and the un- gratified desire would (lie out. Then, no rian feeling beholding to another for a place on earth, no man would go cringing, pussfootedly, trying to pro- pitiate the favor of friend, neighbor, or politician for a morsel of bread. Man could cease to be a sneak, with bent back and ‚sewed head, creeping and crawling his way through life in (serirell of a erne. No, his bark would It fif **Platt*. • . BOULDER. MONTANA; and Retail 'cr CZ, itt gig Of fleet, Mutton. Pork, Vaal, ALL KINDS 01 ; SALSA° I SPECIAIREt Salt ((ants of Beat quality Alitaye Illandt fRievn rtsa Axn GAME Pt ?NEU dtdleolt Market at the '.15 31411tRA Y. STAND. IIFLENA A DV ERTISEill - irrA.Ii Assay mrirtcnic, ‘1 AND Cis SMICAL LArioaaioalt . . miLEN.A. : 111014TAISA. Gold and Silver 51 50 Zhu , « Silver, gold andlead 100 Ph' Sell Load I 00 A ntiniony ....... II or 1 to roo 1 eg rr O POWER rt BRO., A MELliMA. mt. T. MLA LZei N Mining Mitch irtery and Minr‘ros• aapplItedla HONTAVA Aar ‚rot rore BLAKE'S IMPROVED STEAM PUMPS. - 9TFAM HOISTS -- AND COMMON Boma woovooT :gait Safety Nitro Powder, Cups Fuse. Zia Strannoat !Wait. Ifin.spa. M.'. TUB THOMAS ClItt/113 SAYINGS Wild Or InELICIst A. Ineetriterated ‚hailer the Loves of l'41 ID IN CAPTTAI.... *2. O . 0 . TIMM») cariz, Itraddiaii T. Fl. CARTIOt. . Vies.Preadarae. C. L. DAMES eresumér.è. 5,). irmarlIa. ,• «irrommr. Allows six put eent, interest on !tartlets be/poet., compounded January and Jul). Transacts a /general Winking hustnews, draws on - change (In the principal cities of the United Ikea( and Europe. Will make loans on County and City Lewd*, mid real relate mortgadee. mus UNIos rActirle will, on Aug. Oh arid Wept. 1001 and 14th, and Oct st),, ran GZeUralUttli from Sioux City, Omaha, Connell Bluffs. Leavenworth, tet. Joseph, and Karam CI y Is blow. Is,., Puns IWILVU CUT round trip tickets, geed Shirty days. litop.overs allowed, straighten, his head would come np, and finding it just as easy to be man- ly as cowardly, he would prefer tkié higher road to a living. Yea, where no man need be a sneak to get a liv- ing, a man would get kicked into honesty; public opinion would not tolerate the needlessly disl est, and the proud and haughty man woüld coltionat in thee days. Having no one whom Ins could rackrent, no on« whose labor he could use (or his in- come;, no longer able to coach or yacht around the world in magnificent mewl while thews:olds of poor devils, la,t starvation wages, delved and sweated for him; forced to earn his own living, he would quickly come to recognize in his former servante Ins fellow men, hid equals, men who would stand none of his nonsense, and of course he would sink to his own proper natural dimensions. Thus would natural equality of men upon earth del>e)op natural respect one man for another; -manliness \would grow, sneaking dis- honesty and fraud would fall into dis- use as useless instruments. None needing to cringe for bread, few and= dishonorable would be those *liege votes could be bought; politics1 enr- ruption would be unknown; lees Ms - parity between rich and richer (theee would\ be no poor) would end that feverish emulation that now stimulates to embezzlement and defalectiem; the white-hot anxiety for to -morrow's bread being gone, men would natu- rally follow after higher accomplish- ments.\ Tho \source' of supply\ the ream/ thy those old people are poor, is be - - cause some men \own\ the earth and the rest live on it only by pehnitslion. The cause, then, is randleredist private property is land. The Etr- the only mare cure—is the Single Tate W. F. Batikait. Study it.