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It • WEEKLY MONTANIAN. AO VOL. H. THOMPSON 1 t1.1.S, MONTANA, MARCH 14, 1896. NO. 23. .4\. STEAMER IS MISSING It Is Feared Pacific Mail Liner Rio de Janeiro Is Lost. 156 PERSONS WERE ON BOARD curried argouf Merchandise and Mr. thou orth Nestrl, 311111mi Dollars. San Francisco, March 8. -The Pacific Mail Steamship Company's big liner, the City of Rio de Janeiro, which left this port for the Orient heavily laden on the 6th of last month, should have arrived at Yokohama on the 23d of Feb- ruary, yet not a word has been heard from her. At the east the agents of the com- pany declare that they have received information of no sort regarding the steamer's welfare or whereabouts since she glided out of the bay on the after- noon of February 6. The New York office of the company has been wired incessantly by the local agents, but the reply comes regularly and monot- onously that as yet nothing has reached them by cable concerning the vessel. The Rio left here with 156 people an board all told. Of tnese, four were cabin passengers, and there were in the steerage 10 Europeans, 10 Japanese and 22 Chinese. The crew consisted of 30 white people and 79 Chinese. The names of the Chinese and Japanese are not registered. The list of the Rio de Janeiro's crew is as follows: W. J. Russell, captain; J. F. Robinson, chief. officer; J. F. Mat- thews, chief engineer; 0. K. Freeman, purser; A. K. Tichenor, freight clerk; S. M. Terrill, surgeon; S. F. Johnson, sec- ond officer; L. C. Newmard, third affi- cer; J. Anderson, carpenter; William Bray, maindeck watchman; W. J. Pal- mer, D. C. White, F. Smith, quarter- masters; H. McMullin, first assistant engineer; J. E. Handley, second assist- ant engineer; Charles Smith, third as- sistant engineer; R. McCabe, J. S. Nar- die, John Riley, wa;.extenders; C. C. Reade, John Cavanaugh, oilers; A. Bur- rell, steward; S. Kidd, steerage steward; S. Hankin, storekeeper; Mrs. J. G. Dor- man, stewardess; George Lancashire, butcher; Robert R. Kelly, saloon watch- man; J. C. Spencer, steerage watchman; N. G. Yow and 79 Chinese. The one theory upon which the com- pany's agents base the greatest hopes is that the Rio, by force of bad weather or other circumstances, was compellsd to pass Yokohama without making her usual stop there. This would not be Considered alto- gether an unusual occurrence. It has happened several times during the past 12 years to other steamers in the service of the company. Should this be the case there will be a still longer period of anxiety before anything can be possibly heard from her in that event, until she reaches Hong Kong. Many shipping men feel hopeful that she will shortly. be reported from the Chinese port. The Rio de Janeiro is one of the hand- somest and largest vessels engaged in the trans -Pacific service of the Pacific Mail. She is a four -master, amply pro- vided with sails, so that in case of dam- age to her engines while at sea there would be nothing to prevent her weath- ering her way to some near-by port with the use of her canvas alone. When the Rio left this port she carried a cargo of general merchandise and bullion val- ued at nearly a million dollars. NOTES FROM TIIE NATIoN %I, CIT1 Divorce Law Governinit Territories • -Anti-Option Bill. --- Washington, March 10. -On motion of Mr. Gillette of Massachusetts a bill was passed by the house making one year's continuous residence in a territory pre- requisite to obtaining a divorce. The bill was aimed at Oklahoma territory, where but 90 days' residence is required. The sub -committee of the house com- mittee on agriculture today decided to recommend to the full committee that the anti -option bill be reported adverse- ly. The full committee will pass upon it tomorrow. The sub -committee of the senate com- mittee appointed to consider the bill for the admission of New Mexico decided unanimously today to report to the full committee in favor of the passage of the bill. THE EDITOR ASKS RIG DAMAGES Men Arrested for Breaking Ip an Offensive Newspaper. St. Paul, March 9.-A Mitchell, S. D., dispatch to the Dispatch says: Sheriff Miller of Planckingten, Au- rora county, arrested today and served summons on 49 Mitchell citizens who participated in the sacking of the Ma!, office February 24. Editor McBride brings suit for $25,000 damages for de- stroying the property and other in- juries. Hu. sat( 1)11:S Sit %NES OF HEADS I OHIO POLITICAL OUTLOOK I Phreigniuggligtos Remember the Foun- der of the Science, Dr. Gall. London, March 9. -The beginnings of phrenology will be celebrated by an in- ternational commemoration of the birthday of Dr. Francis Joseph Gall, who established the study of heads on a basis from which the ridicule of suc- ceeding generations has failed to dis- lodge it. Coincident with this observ- ance will be the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the beginning of his lec- tures. Dr. Gall, who was born March 9, 1758, held a position as physician in a hospital for the insane, and also as physician to the emperor of Austria. He began lecturing on the functions of the brain in Vienna in 1796. He had in- vestigated for many years previously, after the manner of Darwin, before an - Dr. Cas11, flouncing his discoveries. His first writ- ten account of his work appeared two years later in a German periodical. His pupils published several treatises vary- ing in size, during the succeeding ten years; and in 1809, Dr. Gall, together witkhis colleague, Dr. Spurzheim, pub- lished a great work in the French lan- guage tntitied, \The Anatomy and Physiology of the Nervous System in General, and the Brain in Particular; with the Possibility of Recognizing Many of the Moral and Intellectual Faculties of Man and the Lower Ani- mals by the Cnflguration of Their Heads.\ This work was published in Paris, where Gall had taken up his res- idence. It was in four large quarto volumes, with an atlas of 100 plates, and the cost of the work was 1000 francs. Gall discovered 27 brain centers of radical mental faculties out of about 43 now recognized. His discoveries were made in most instances by observing excessive developments which gave cur- rency to the idea that phrenologists always look for protuberances on the skull. All normal heads are estimated by diameters at different points, or by expansion or distance from the opening of the ear. His entrance upon this unexplored field of physical phenomena was inter- esting. It dated from his youth. When he was at the university he noticed that he could not memorize his lessons as well as a boy with \pop\ or protruding eyes, who always passed him in the class. He fell to observing other boys with \pop\ eyes, and found they were similarly profloient in memorizing. Dur- ing his post graduate course at other in- stitutions he observed the same me- monic superiority in boys thus orbed. When he became a regular physician this observation led him to others till finally he entered upon the wide do- minion of brain and skull formation, which resulted in his giving to the world those ideas which, according to his ad- mirers, have done so much to explain the springs of human action, solve the mysteries of human frailties and fore- shadow the destiny of men. Following religious exercises on Sun- day the commemorative exercises be- gan Monday with a reception of dele- gates. Today there were morning, af- ternoon and evening meetings in Queen's hall, Regent street. Papers on the anatomical, physiological and psy- chological aspects of phrenology were read at the morning and afternoon ses- sions. Several American delegates take part in the program. In the evening a conversazione was held. Wednesday visits to asylums and anatomical muse- ums will take place. One of those who have done much to arouse interest in America in the centenary is Dr. Nelson T. Wood, of New York city, the oldest member of the American Institute of Phrenology, having passed his eighty- third birthday. MON.ADNOCK 13 AT SAN FRANCISCO Der First Appearance for Trrenty- Ono Years. -- San Francisco. March 10. -The coast defense vessel Monadnock, the keel of which was laid at Mare Island navy yard 21 years ago, made her first ap- pearance in San Francisco harbor to- day. She was on her trial run, having been made ready for sea at the navy yard a few days ago. SNATCHED A TRAY OF Di tlIONDS -- - Unknown Man Made a $5000 Haul In Denver. McKinley for President and Bushnell for Governor. MR. FORAKER FOR SENATOR State (7onvention Organizes for the Express Purport- of Going After the Third Office. Columbus, 0., March 10. The Grand opera house could not hold half of the people wanting admission this after- noon to the republican state conven- tion. The convention was called to order at 4 p. m. Among the Ohio con- gressmen and other prominent republi- cans of this state sat ex -Secretary of the Treasury Charles Foster. Governor Bushnell occupied one of the boxes. The first demonstration was when Chairman Ickes escorted Senator -elect Foraker to the presiding officer's chair, and from that time on one demonstra- tion followed another on the mention of McKinley's name or reference to him. After prayer\ by Rev. J. C. Watt, Chairman J. M. Ickes reviewed the McKinley campaigns in Ohio and the two campaigns succeeding his admin- istration. He stated at the state con- vention in Zanesville last year the party entered into a pledge as sacred as the trinity. That pledge marked an important epoch in the history of Ohio republicanism. It promised to make Bushnell governor, Foraker senator and to use every honorable means to make McKinley president. Two parts of the trinity had been fulfilled, and the re- publicans of Ohio now assembled to enter sincerely into the faithful exe- cution of the third part, the unanimous and unqualified support of McKinley for the presidential nomination. These remarks caused such a dem- onstration that it was some time before Ickes could introduce Senator -elect Foraker as the temporary chairman af the convention. When Foraker was introduced there was another boister- ous scene, which was repeated often as he proceeded to address the conven- tion. He said the one great question upper- most in the minds of the people today was whether, for the next four years, the country should be ruled by democ- racy or republicanism. He asserted that a republican victory was assured. The republican party was never before so strong in the nation, and as far as Ohio was concerned, never so united or harmonious. He said that while the convention had come together for the purpose of nominating a ticket and de- claring anew the faith that was in the republicans of the state, it also had to discharge a higher and more command- ing duty. This was the carrying out of the pledges of the last state convention at Zanesville, which was unanimous in the support of Governor McKinley for the presidential nomination. It was the duty of the convention to redeem that pledge, as had already been done by every district and county conven- tion held in the state thus far. It was the duty of this convention to signify to the whole nation that Gov- ernor McKinley has now and will have at the St. Louis convention the united, hearty and unqualified support of Ohio. The speaker wished it to be un- derstood, however, that the preference of the republicans of Ohio for Major McKinley was in no sense hostile or antagonistic to any other man whose name is mentioned it. connection with that honor. Particular reference was made to the appreciation of Ohioans for Thomas B. Reed, Levi P. Morton, William B. Alli- son, Matthew Staley Quay and others. Should the St. Louis convention declare for any of these in preference to Ohio's son, he could pledge to that man in advance the electoral vote of Ohio by the largest majority ever given in the history of the state. Senator Foraker then paid a glowing tribute to Major McKinley an a neigh- bor, as a citizen, as a soldier, as a mem- ber of congress, as a framer of the Mc- Kinley tariff bill and the foremost advo- cate of the protective tariff, as gover- nor of Ohio. and finally as \the ideal American statesman, the typical Amer- ican leader and the veritable American idol.\ In conclusion Senator Foraker declar- ed that other states were calling upon Ohio's son to accept the highest honor at the nation's gift, and that Ohio could not lead the column. \All we can do is to join in the procession.\ Senator Foraker retired amidst a storm of applause. A state committee was selected and the usual committees for convention work were appointed, after which the convention adjourned until 10 a. in. to- morrow. THE FIRST GUN FIRED IN INDIANA Eleventh Distriet Convention De- clared for McKinley. Kokomo, Ind., March 10. -The Elev- enth district republican convention, Che first to meet in the state, renominated Congressman George W. Steele. Reso- lutiens were adopted endorsing the re- publican national platform of 1892 and pronouncing for gold and silver of equal value as money. The principle of pro- tection was endorsed. The convention endorsed McKinley for president. Kansgui Convention. Wichita, Kas., March 10. -The repub- lican state convention met at 11 a. tn. Justice Albert H. Horton was elected temporary chairman. Committees were appointed. A telegram of greeting to the Ohio republican convention was adopted. DR. JAMISON'S TRIAL IS NOW ON African Filibusterer Stalled as a lie- ro in the Court of ills Country. London, March 10. -There was a large crowd about Bow street police court today, the occasion being the formal ar- raignment of Dr. Leander S. Jameson, Major John Willoughby, Hon. Charles Coventry, Colonel F. White, Colonel It. Grey, Major R. White, Major J. it. Stra- cey, Major C. H. Villiers, Captain K. C. Kincaid Smith, Captain C. L. Monroe, Captain C. P. Foley, Captain E. S. Hol- den, Captain C. F. Lindsell and Lieu- tenant H. M. Grenfell, charged with vi- olating the foreign enlistment act passed in 1870: \To regulate the con- duct of her majesty's subjects during the existence of hostilities between for- eign states with which her majesty is t peace.\ The Transvaal filibusterers were loud- ly cheered wherever recognized, and there was hearty applause for \Joe\ Chamberlain. Newspaper representa- tives were present by the score from many parts of the world. In the audi- ence were the duke of Abercorn, chair- man of the British Chartered South Af- rican Company, Earl and Lady Coven- try and other people of equal import- ance. Had It not been for the stern de- meanor of the chief justice a popular demonstration would have occurred at the opening of court. The array of counsel on both sides is formidable. Sir John Bridge, chief magistrate, presided. Sir Richard Web- ster opened for the crown. He dwelt in forcible language upon the gravity of the charge against the prisoners, contending that the South African re- public was a friendly state within the meaning of the foreign enlist nent act, and holding that Bechuanaland, whence most of Jameson's troops came, was un- doubtedly a part of the British domin- ions. Sir Richard reviewed the circum- stances of the notorious raid and men- tioned the speech which Colonel R. Grey had made to the Bechuanaland police at Mafeking, in which he said: \I can not tell you we are going by the queen's orders, but you are going to fight for the supremacy of the British flag in South Africa.\ The address of Sir Richard Webster was listened to with great interest. As he proceeded the prisoners began to look nervous and worried. Evidently they had not realized the gravity of their situation. The first witness called was Sergeant Hay of Bechuanaland, a typical troop- er. He testified to the mustering of troops at Mafeking and to the endeav- ors of Jameson and Colonel Grey to in- duce him and a few comrades to join a body of men being equipped for a march toward Johannesburg. Sergeant Hay said Jameson and Hay expressed annoyance at the fact that some of the troopers hesitated and refused to join in the expedition. After formal evi- dence had been submitted, the exami- nation was adjourned a week. Corporal Smith of the Bechuanaland police testified that Jameson made a speech to the troops at Pitsaniplogo on December 29 and read them a letter signed by Messrs. Hammond, Farrer. Phillips and Leonard of the Johannes- burg reform committee requesting as- sistance upon behalf of the people of Jo- hannesburg,who, it was claimed, were in danger from the threatening attitude of the Boers. According to Corporal Smith, Jame- son told the troops that he did not be- lieve a shot would be fired. Later am- munition and rations were served out and the troopers started on the march across the frontier of the Transvaal. NEW INDOOR RECORDS ARE MADE Bleyele Racing at San Francisco Fast and Furious. San Francisco, March 10. -Five thous- and people witnessed the bicycle races at Mechanics Pavilion tonight. J. E. Edwards made a new world's record for the indoor mile. He rode the distance, paced by Egan and Jaegling on a tan- dem, in 2:06 1-5. In the 10 -mile club cup race Hoard Squires of the Acme club lowered the 10 -mile indoor record to 24:59. Tony Delmas was the star rider of the evening, winning all his heats and tak- ing one first and one second place in the finals. Half mile handicap -Gooch (75 yards) won, Delmas (30 yards) second; time, 1:03. Mile invitation-Delmas won, Wil- liamson second; time, 2:33. DROVE THE INSURGENTS BACK Another Spanish Victory Heralded From Havana. Havanti, March 10. -Colonel Samaro, in command of the Spanish column op- erating against the insurgents in the province of Pinar del Rio, captured the fortified position occupied by the ene- my after an hour's fighting, during which cannon shots were exchanged. The Insurgents were dispersed with a loss of 120 killed and wounded. The insurgents burned the village of Mar- tinas, district of Guinea. THE BUILDING GAVE WAY Serious Results Follow the Col- lapse of a Trap. CHICAGO POLES ARE INJURED Aceident Occurred In the quarter VI here Foreigners Congre- gate --Narrow Escapes. - Chicago, March 10. -The collapse of the rear portion of a two-story frame building at No. 843 Alport street this afternoon resulted in seriously injuring five persons and nearly 100 others had narrow escapes. The injured are: Joseph Frock, left leg broken and right leg badly crushed, will die; Joseph Homolka, leg broken, deep cut in side; John Freidrich, head cut; Lottie Kaze, 12 years old, left arm cut; Louis Schripi, 14 years old, head crushed. The collapsed building was an old frame structure which had been con- demned and when the accident occurred fully 150 people, mostly Poles and Bo- hemians, were around it picking up kindling wood. Those injured were caught by the falling timbers. A PANIC NARROWLY AVAIRTED Fire in a Six -Story Brick Where SOO Women Are Employed. Chicago, March 10. -During a fire in a six -story brick building at No. 45 Ran- dolph street this afternoon a serious panic among 500 women employed there was narrowly averted. Lizzie Smith and Mary Marr fainted from fright. Maggie Burns fell down a flight of stairs, and two boys were nearly over- come with smoke. This was an the In- juries suffered, but it was almost a miracle that many lives were not lost. The building was occupied by the Lartz Wall Paper Company, Lord & Thomas Newspaper Company, Chicago Business College and E. L. Mansur Fringe Com- pany. In the Chicago Business College 500 students, girls and boys, were kept In line by the principal, and all marched out of the building. The Lartz Wall Paper Company stock was damaged 15000. ESCAPED JAIL BIRD SENT FOR Go N ernor McConnell Will Bring Chamber Back to Idaho. Boise, March 10. -Governor Mc -Con- nell has been notified by the officials of the Pacific Express in San Francisco that a man named Charles Chamber, who escaped from the Idaho peniten- tiary in 183, is there. Governor Mc- Connell has directed that he be arrested and returned here to serve out his sen- tence. Chamber got a sentence of nine years for robbery in Alturas county and began his term November 10, 1881. On March 22, 1883, he escaped and had not since been located. It is said that he has been connected with a desperate gang In California that has given the express company much trouble. GENERAL PENROSE HAS RETIRED Commander of Fort Douglas and for Years a Gallant Soldier. Salt Lake, March 10. -General W. H. Penrose, commander at Fort Douglas. retired from the formal service of his country at noon today, after devoting 25 years of his life to the military service. He was tendered a reception by the officers of the Sixteenth infantry in the Music hall at the fort, where he deliv- ered his farewell address. General Penrose and family will take up their permanent residence in this city. THE RAINES EXCISE BILL PASSED New York Measure Intended to Pre- vent Corruption, Albany, N. Y., March 10. -The senate voted a closure in the Raines excise bill. 34 to 14. The bill was put on its passage and adopted. 31 to 18. According to Senator Raines, the effect of the bill will be to prevent corruption in excise boards, to stamp out low ginshops and to greatly reduce Sunday selling and other violations of the law by saloon- keepers. Renominated Watson. Columbus, 0., March 9. -David K. Watson today was renominated by the republicans for congress in the 12th district, which is usually democratic. Watson breaking the record by de- feating Outhwaite in me political land- slide of two years ago. San Jose Bank Closed. San Jose, Cal., March 9. -The Com- mercial and Savings bank of this city closed this morning. The depositors, It is said, will he paid in full. The cap- ital of the bank is $1,000,000, with $300,- 000 paid up. The surplus is $11116,000. finer Mot Threatened. Louisville, March 9.-A special to tine Courier-Journal from Fulton, Ky., says: A riot is threatened between whites and blacks on account of the arrest of a negro by a policeman. Denver. March 9. -This evening an unknown man snatched a tray of jew- elry in which were 40 diamonds valued at $5000 from a show case In Gottesle- ben's jewelry store on Sixteenth street and made his escape. Union Warehouse Burned. Louisville. March 9. -No. 1 warehouse of the Union Warehouse Company, burned till, morning, with its t•ontents. Lou, $260.000.