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/ ■ V ' VOLUME xxxvn NO. 33 BIG TIMBER, SW E E T GRASS COUNTY/. MONTANA, THURSDAY, JUNE 2 4 ,1 926. PRICE $2.00 PER YEAR; «If M i DISTRICT COURT GETS CRIMINAL TO CIVIL Hoyt Goes To Pen For 30 To 60 Years—Cremer And Myrstol Acquitted—Van Cleve Vs. Hannon And Hanson Now On When the Pioneer went to press last week a court and jury were engaged in the trial ol‘ the case of Florence H, Yates against the Commercial Bank & Trust Co. Plaintiff sought to recover approximately $3,200 for sheep, cattle, lambs, hogs, etc., taken by the hank under an attachment served upon bus band of plaintiff, hut claimed by her. The jury returned a verdict for plain tiff for $1,500, with interest at 8 per cent from date of attachment. Friday morning the State of Montana against Edward Hoyt, charged with a statutory offense, started. The regular panel was exhausted and a special venire issued. From the two panels the following jurors were chosen: Oskar Drivdalil, Everett Farr, Osmund Mossc, C. E. Crum, C. L. Bryan, Raj' A. Traver, Fred Tucker, Eli Hoysetli, Grant Longs- worth, E. H. Ellingson, J. J. Gallagher and George Harlan. Witnesses testifying for stale and de fendant w'crc Eula Julicn, Mrs. Cullom, John Julian, Ed Bartels, Frank Whitscl, Frank Bcrrie, for the state; Ed Hoyt, Kenneth Hoyt, Mrs. Myrtle Hoyt, Ed. Bartels, Roy Harper and Cladius Hoyt. The complaining witness, 16 years of age, testified to acts of defendant when she wras between nine and ten years of age, and subsquent acts in later years. The jury was out all night Saturday, the first ballot resulting in nine for conviction and three for acquittal. Sun day morning, following breakfast the twelve reached a verdict of guilty, pun ishment being left to the court.. Defendant w'as remanded to the cus tody of the sheriff for sentence at 10:30 this morning, but Tuesday made appli cation for immediate sentence. After the noon hour lie was brought into court and sentenced to not less than 30 nor more than 60 years in the state peniten tiary. He is now 48 years of age and in poor health. Following the Hoyt case was thaL of the State of Montana against Leo J. Cremer, charged with having received stolen property consisting of three hogs and nine turkeys. , It was alleged that the property was taken from Livingston and found on the Cremer ranch, east of Melville. Gre iner claimed- that during the night a truck broke down in front of bis place, and that the following morning spokes of one wheel and feathers were dis covered; also that the hogs and tux-keys were found inside his enclosure. Later parties came and wanted to buy the hogs, but he refused to sell on the ground that he did not own them. This statement was corroborated by those who made the offers of purchase. At the conclusion of the taking of evidence, Judge James F. O’Connor asked for a directed verdict of not guil ty. His contention was that no connec tion had been made between defendant and the taking of the property, and that defendant knew nothing of it until he found the hogs and turkeys on his place. If he were guilty of receiving stolen px-operty when he had not in any way been connected with its taking, then C. T. Busha could be convicted of receiv- (Conttnued on last page; Briand* Will Assemble New French Cabinet Income Tax Payments Total $440,000,000.00 WASHINGTON, June 21.—Income tax payments due June 15 will total about $140,000,000 or almost $70,000,000 more than was received a year ago, it was estimated today by the treasui-y. The increase moved treasury officials to predict a surplus of $390,000,000 for the close of this fiscal year. June 30. The ti-easui-y announcement came a few hours before President Coolidge and Di rector Lord of the budget were to dis cuss the government’s financial stand ing at the semi-annual budget meeting. The $390,000,000 surplus is almost four times larger Ilian was counted upon six months ago and it was atti-ibutcd by acting Sccrotai-y Winston to unex pected income tax collections and in- crcascd receipts as a result of a special drive by the internal revenue bureau for back taxes. It will be used to pare down the pub lic debt to about $19.670,000 at the end of this fiscal yeai-. By this operation the treasury will have reduced the debt $836,000.000 dur ing this year, the greatest cut made since 1924. Of the total reduction $317,- 000,000 was made from funds in the sinking fund, created by congress for debt retirements, $169,000,000 by wax- debt payments received from- fox-eign governments and tlxe remainder from the treasury sux-plxis. The large increase in income tax col lections despite the recent heavy cuts in tax rates was declared by Mi-. Winston to be the i-esult of “unusual prosperity” last yeai*. PARIS, June 21.—The sixth day of France’s cabinet crisis saw a surprising shift in tlxc situation. M. Briand again took up tlxc task of forming a stable ministry, after M. Harriot, tlxe radical leader, had notified the president of the republic that be was unable to choose a cabinet. When tlxe day’s consultations with tiic various political leaders closed, M. Briand was conceded every likelihood of success. Like Hcrriot, Briand placed the ques tion of Hie financial progi-am first of all before seeking possible members of the new ministry. He went over the situation with vai’ious financial ex perts, including M. Robincau, governor of the Bank of Fx-ance, and M. Scrgcnt, president of Hie special committee of experts, discussing Hie entire problem of l-esloration of the national pocket- book and safeguarding Hie franc. it is generally believed in political circles that M, Briand, when he goes about tlie work of getting his crow to gether Monday, will at once renew the offer of a portfolio—probably that of finance—to M, Poineaire,s who, when M Briand sought to form a cabinet of the “•.acred union” and a later one of “out standing personalities,” volunteered liis support without reservation. Wool Jumps To 36 Cents Per Pound In Great Falls Market GREAT FALLS, June 21.—Northern Montana wool prices Saturday reached the highest mark since the slump of a niQiith ago, which took bids to. 32 and 33 cents, when the VanClcvc-O’Cohncll clip of 10,000 fleeces was sold to Joe Hanlon of Billings, representing the Silbennan wool house, for 36 cents a pound. The sale In-ought half a cent a pound more than any other announced in Great Falls in recent weeks. Several days ago 500,000 pounds of wool owned by Webb ArinStrong and his associates was sold to the Colored Worsted mills of Providence, R. I„ for 35 % cents, an advance of approximately 3 cents above bids offered by representatives of east ern wool concerns. Contrasting with the situation imme diately prior to the opening of the shearing season, there now are in Gi-eat Falls a larger number of wool buyers than have been iiei-e any previous spring in a number of years. A number of clips grown along the main line of the Great Northern railway are reported to have been sold cai-ly last week for and 3 cents below the prices realized in tlxc Armstrong and VanCleve-O’Connell sales. Humors were cun-ent Saturday night that a sale of some consequence bad been concluded during the day at White Sulphur -Springs, but the price paid and the name of the gx-ower were not learned licx-e. Louis Larson, Herder For Ebert Sheep Co. Killed By Own Rifle The body of Louis Larson, a herder in the employ of Ebert Sheep Co., of Springdale for about two and onc-lialf months, was found Friday morning about eight miles north of Springdale with a bullet hole through the heart. Coroner E. R. Patterson visited the place and found that it was either a case of suicide or accidental death. The law x-cquiring no inquest in such cases, the body was bi-ought hei-e for inter ment. Services were held at the Pat terson chapel Saturday afternoon by Rev. A. A. Holbeck of the Lutheran church, interment being in Mountain View. Deceased was 34 ycai-s of age and a native of Norway, where he leaves a wife and one child. He bad worked at vai’ious places in the county for several ycai-s, was of a cheerful disposition, and those who knew him best cannot believe otherwise than that death came through accident. Oliver Ebert, head of the firm in whose employ Larson was, stated Satur day that lie had no doubt but that the shooting was accidental. Thursday evening the camp tender visited Larson and arranged to take about 1,400 ewes, and the same number of lambs, to the shearing pens at Spi-ingdale the fol lowing morning. In the morning he started for camp, but met the sheep going toward the mountains instead of in the direction of Springdale. He herded them back to camp and started In search of Larson. The body was found about three-fourths of a mile from camp, with a bullet hole through the heart and the rifle lying about twelve feet away. The bullet had en tered the body from above the heart, showing that the rifle must have been in an almost upright position. Chris Albertson visited with Larson the evening before, the two making a short search for coyotes. Larson start ed back to his camp, climbing a steep hill and then going down the other dude into a coulee. That was the last time the unfortunate man was seen alive. tTwo theories are advanced as to the cause of accident, if it were accidental. One is that Larson was carrying the rifle on his shoulder, stumbled and fell. The other is that he was using the gun for a cane, stumbled and fell into the gun as it was discharged. Livingston Rodeo Will Be The Rodeo Of A ll Rodeos Col. William C. Lewis Meets Fitzhugh Lee HELENA, June 21.—When Colonel Fitzhugh Lee, commander of Hie Seventh cavalry, is making preparations for the participation of the Texas troopers in the Custer Semi-centennial tomorrow, lie will he gi-cctcd by Colonel Wni. C. Lewis of Helena, a member of the old Seventh U. S. Cavalry of General Custer’s command. Colonel Lewis, who is custodian of the G. A. R. licadquai-- ters at the state capital, will leave to night fox- the celebration. He is 81 years cold and carries two scars as me mentoes of five years“ soldiering under Cuslci-. He did not participate in the Big Horn battle, hut took part in all of the Custer fights and skirmishes with tlxc redskins previous to the last stand. CHICAGO HAS MOST IMPRESSIVE RELIGIOUS GATHERING EVER HELD CHICAGO, June 21—Pilgrims from all the eai-tli nxet on tlic shores of Lake Michigan today in tlxc most impressing demonstration of religious zeal ever wit nessed in Amci-ica if not in the world. Defying threatening skies and a wind which approached a gale, more than 200.000 worshippers pressed into the gi-oat memorial stadium extended along a half-mile of lake front for the celebra tion of solemn pontifical mass by John Cardinal Bonzano, tlxe legate to Pope Pius 11, to the Twenty-eighth Euchar istic congi-css. Police estimated that 350.000 persons thronged the area of two square miles of which the stadium is the centci-. . A choir of 60,000 school children clad in white and papal goltl and seated in the vast green mall between the tower ing concrete stands, sang the responses to the altar. The sermon of the mass was delivered by Archbishop Curley of Baltimore. After tlxc pontifical blessing which ended the .^rnass, thousands of devout poured into the field f^om the stands and pressed forward tlirough policed grounds to the space leading to the sanctuary, thousands knelt in prayer before the tabernacle of the cucluirist, rendering impossible to continue with the speaking pi-ograin which had been arranged to follow the l-itcs of woi-ship. So intent were the fervent throngs upon appi-oacliing as nearly as possible to the altar that the managers of the ceremonies were foi-ccd to appeal to the multitude over tlic public address sys tem to leave the field at once. In the same manner, a warning was sounded that the wooden elevation on which tlic altar stood was endangered by thou sands which had mounted the steps. The crowds moved out in solemn oi-dcr only disappointed that they could not kneel individually before the altar crucifix to pour out llicir prayerful adox-ation of the ciicliarist. More than two hours after the mass ended, twenty or thirty thousand people still were in tiie stands, some still pressing forward to the altar. As eax-ly as 5 o’clock this morning thousands were in their places in the stands, and at 10 o’clock, the scheduled starting time, the thousands surged about all sides of tlic already packed stadium blocked the path of tlic eccles iastical procession for almost an hour, delaying the mass and taxing the efforts of the police to open a narrow lane for the prelates. As priests, bishops and cardinals passed through the fervent multitudes (Continued on last page.) Livingston is going to have one of the biggest celebrations in its history, in fact one of .Hie biggest in the histox-y of the state, any town included, July 2, 3 and 4. It lias over $4,000 in cash for prizes, merchants of other-towns liav- ng also contributed to the big event; and every dollar of it will he expended for the enjoyment of the people. Sweet Grass county lias no celebra tion and hundreds from all parts of this county will go to Livingston, to see a real show and to return past taxors for attendance furnished this city for past events. W. I. Penny, who was here yesterday with Charley Murphy, rodeo manager, is enthusiastic over the Kiddies parade, staged' for Friday, the first day. Like every other man without children. Penny is nuts over kids, and he hanks as much on his kid parade as any other feature of the program. Every kid in Lixingslon has been invited to take part, and to bring everything they have —goats, dogs, cals, coyotes, etc. Penny says that one little girl came to him and said: “Say, Mr. Penny! I’ve got a dog and cat I want to put in the pa rade; hut thevdog barks at the cat.” “Thai’s all right,\ replied Penny, “you bring the dog and his hark along. It all goes.” Another feature connected with the parade xvill he Hie Mock Circus. Tills is bi’inging out a gx-eat deal of ingenuity Sii the party of the yonngstei-s and is bound to he something that is, going to appeal to older folks as well as to the children: On July third there will he the circus and pageant parade. A great many have already entered and the event promises to he one worthy of tlxe occasion. In tlic afternoon of each day of the celebration, will lie held the rodeo at Hie fair grounds. The best horses and the best riders possible have been found for the occasion. The owners of tlic bucking horses have promised that any rider sticking to his mount will he entitled to a prize. Tlxei-e xvill lie some fifty of these real buckers and possibly about txvo hundred wild horses, right out of the mountains. Thirty-two Bremerton steers have been secured for the hull-dogging that have never heexr in the show and for this l-oason the hull-dogging feature promises to be a very popular ex-ent. There will he a carnival sponsox-cd by the Amci-icaii Legion, together with the Chamber of Commerce, wherein all sorts and forms ofx amusement may he found. No one can afford to miss this cai-ni- val. There will be games, dancing, mu sic and side shoxvs, together xvitli lots of noise, ticklers and confetti; in fact something that xvill make the young happy ancl tlic old young. CALIFORNIA EVANGELIST IS \ FOUND ON AMERICAN SOIL Claims Abduction By Two Men And A Woman Into Mexico—Positively Identified By Mother And Friend Of Family * DOUGLAS, Ariz., June 23.—Relating a talc of how she had been kidnaped by two men and one woman at Occau Park, Cal., May 18, and held captive for a half million dollars ransom in a shack in Mexico since that time, Aimce Semple McPhei-son, missing Los Angeles ex-an- gelist, was brought to a hospital here, Wednesday, by James Andci-son, an American, who said lie found hftr in a state of collapse aT Agua Prieta, across the border. She escaped, she told Wil liam F. McCafferty, editor of the Doug las Dispatcli, who recognized her, by sawing on a can the thongs with which she was hound, while her abductors were away. Mrs. McPherson was identified by her mother, Mrs. Minnie Kennedy, at Los Angeles, in a telephone conxex-sation with McCafferty. Identification was established through a long white scar on the third finger of the woman’s hand, and also by her gix-- ing the name of a pet pigeon. The woman in tlie hospital here told the name of the pigeon, which was Jen nie, and also said that she was injured on the second finger of her right iiand in Dux-liam township, near Ingex-soll, On tario. The mother told McCafferty the Judge Pray Unkindly • Toward Double Action Billings, June 18.—Double prosecu tions of liquor defendants in federal and state courts for the same offenses do not meet with tlxe favor of Federal Judge Charles N. Pray and lie plainly indicated his attitude Wednesday morn ing when he ordered a number of such cases continued until the December term of coui-t. Judge Px-ay spoke particularly of seven Red Lodge cases, which either had been tried in the state district court of Carbon county or In which actions are pending in the same coux-t. He said that he did not favor duplication of prosecution and that he did nbt un derstand the reason why the Unite'd States attorney had seen fit to start the' cases, hut in his absence fx-om the state, he would merely continue the cases for the term. “It savors more of persecution than prosecution.” the judge said, “when a man is tried in the federal cou t for the same offense after lie has already been dealt with in the state courts. It hardly appeals to one's sense of fail- play. If the cases are being handled at Hie pi-esent time in Cai-bon county, why subject the government to the trouble and expense of bringing these witnesses here?” same thing. The woman said the scar was the re sult of being accidentally cut by a sickle years ago. She also gave the name of a cousin, Mrs. Emma Nickerson, noxv dead, and described the birthmarks on her babies’ bodies for McCafferty. These statements led the mother, to the declaration that the woman was Almee Semple McPhei-son beyond doubt. The former evangelist from her cot in the hospital told a story of abduction from Ocean Park, Cal., a trip across the border to Mexico, and of how she es caped about noon Tuesday, and ran un til she fell with exhaustion. Finally- sighting a mountain, which has been identified by officers here as the fa mous “Niggerhcad mountain,” -15 miles south in Sonora, Mex., she headed for it. Reaching the mountain about 'dusk, she found a road and struggled along, falling from time to time with fatigue. She said she sighted the glare from the slag dumps of the copper smelters in this city as the night wore on. She finally l-eachcd the outskirts of Agua Prieta, and approaching a house occupied by Mexicans, called for help and asked that tlic police be notified. Tlxc Mexicans, she said, offered no as sistance, and she went on, falling un conscious before another hour. . An American, whose name was not learned, and wlio was in Agua Prieta, brought her to a hospital here. When she told who she was, a guard was es tablished about the building. McCafferty, who had known Mrs Mc Pherson in Denx-er, where he had cov- ci-cd her meetings for a newspaper, was recognized. She gi-ccted him with a snxile and asked him to notify Los An geles at once, and to ask Los Angeles police to protect her daughter; Roberta, whom she feared tlic abductors would attempt to kidnap. While she talked the woman *Iopsed many times into a semi-conscious state, due to her exhaustion. San Diego Men Held For Sergeant’s Escape SAN DIEGO, Cal., June 21.—Nineteen enlisted men and one officer are under arrest at the marine base here today pending an inx-estigation of alleged liquor deals and (lie escape of Sergeant Joseph Ccrcck, who recently gained his fi-ecdom from tlxe marine prison while being held on 'a charge- of handling liquor at the base. The commissioned officer detained is Captain B. T. Crips, officer of tlie day xvhen Ccrcck escaped. It is expected that court-martial action xvill he taken against some or all of tlxe men. Adjournment Date Ts Postponed In House WASHINGTON, June 21.—By a vote of 190 to 134, house opponents to adjourn ment of congi-css on June 30, u-on am initial i-ound in tlic house Monday by sending the adjournment l’csolution, sponsored by house Republican leaders, to tlic house ways and means committee for consideration. This blocks, tem porarily at least, the effort to set a definite adjoui-nmcnt date. Indicating it had no hope of further effort in tlic house to enact farm relief legislation this session, unless the sen ate passes tlic McNary corn licit bill, the house agricultural committee ad journed Monday until next December. The comntittee instructed Chairman Haugen to call another meeting if the farm relief hill is approved in the sen ate. It voted to make the first order of business next winter the Tinclicr hill to make private stockyards within 10 miles of public yards comply with the requirements of tlxc public yards. Hanging Is Hanging In Canadian Country ROBERVALE, QUE., June 21.-»Mrs. Emily Sprague Gallop has been sen tenced to hang October 15 for tlxe mur der of her husband, Abraham Gallop, last year. She is forty years old. Gallop died at De Maligne under sus picious circumstances and was lixiried. Later tlxe body was exhumed and traces of poison xx-ere found in the viscera. The chief witness for the crown, Walter Simpson, testified that Mrs. Gallop con fessed that she poisoned her husband because slxc did not love him. He said she told him that it was lie wlxonx she loved and asked him to marry hex-. Yellowstone Park Is Ready For All Guests MAMMOTH HOT SPRINGS. WYO, June 21.—A comprehensive boat service in the park supplementing on Lake Yel lowstone, the existing auto lines in tlxe reservation, was forecast here Sunday by Stephen T. Mather, dix-ector of park service, in an address formally opening the Yclloxx-stonc season. A colorful pageant, featured by the Helena Boys’ hand, champions of Mon tana, marked the ex-ent. Tlie hand is enroute home fi-om Denver where it en tertained the l-ccent convention of Ro- tai-y. Mounted rangers and cowgirls gx-aced tlxe pageant. Thousands were present, including many Rotary dele gates, returning from Denver. A Ro tary dance here followed the opening. Mr. Mather, in his address, empha sized the protection of wild animals in the park. He cited reduction of tlie park entrance fee from $7.50 to $3 as an indication of congressional provi dence.” Deer Lodge Rancher Loses Arm And Life DEER LODGE, June 21.—Ralph *E. Case, foreman of the Bert Mannix ranch near Helmx-ille, Mont., died at a hos pital here this morning at 7 a. m. from xvounds received yesterday xvhen a i-ifle xx-as discharged accidently. His left arm shattered, he was brought here more than 40 miles by an automobile. The arm was amputated, hut he had lost too much blood. Case’s wife collapsed at news of the accident and is in a sex-ious condition. Case was preparing to go into tlxc hills and had his i-ifle in a scabbard over liis slxouhlcr. In i-each- ing for a box of shells oil Hie hunk \house shelf, the weapon fell striking either a bunk or the floor and was dis- chai-ged. He had been on the Mannix l-ancii for 10 years. Crown Prince Will Be Cow:boy While In Park CHEYENNE, WYO., June 21.—Crown Prince Gustavus Adolphus of Sxx-cden xvill “l-idc herd” on the 700 head of buffalo in the Yellowstone National park, xvhen lie visits tfie park during the first xveek in July. Tlxe crown prince xvill assume the role of coxvlioy on July 2, xvhen he reaches upper Lamar river range, xvliere the huge buffalo herd is kept. This is a part of the itinerary planned for the royal party by Horace M. Al bright, superintendent of the park. During this tour of Yellowstone the pi-ince and princess xvill ride mostly on old stage coaches, which xx-ere prev alent in the park before tlic coming of tlie automobile. The distinguished guests xvill enter the park July 1, and dux-ing tlie first night, xvill stay at Camp Rooscx-elt, xvlxere Pi-esidcnl Roosex-clt camped in 1903. The next day they xvill x-isit Buf falo ranch and in the cx-ening xvill be given a dinner liy Sccretax-y of the In terior Hubert Work, at Mammoth Hot Spi-ings. On July 3, the royal party xvill visit Old Faithful and other noted geysers of the park, and on tlxe follow ing day xvill travel tlu-ouglx tlie grand canyon of the Yellowstone. The pi-inee on July 5 xvill liax-e an opportunity to display liis mountain climbing ability xx-heu he ascends Mount Waslibui-n, xx-liich is 10,317 feet above sea level. He xvill leave the park on July 6, at Hie southern entrance. MAGNUS JOHNSON WILL GO AGAIN FOR GOVERNOR OF MINNESOTA ST. PAUL, June 22.—Once rnox-e Mag nus Johnson is an outstanding factor In Minnesota politics, for the former United States senator staged a come back in Monday’s primary that gax*e him the Farmer-Labor gubernatorial nomination. Johnson xvill oppose Gox; Theodore Christianson, republican, and Judge Alfred Jauquos, Dulutli, democrat, in the fall election. Johnson sought the x-epublican gubernatorial nomination sex-ei-al years ago, before liis senatoi-ial aspii-ation bore fruit, hut lie was de feated. While Govex-nor Christianson’s re- iiomination majority ox-er Mayor George E. Leach, of Minneapolis, mounted Tuesday, to a 2 to 1 advantage, John son’s gradual gains carried liiin into a lead considered safe unless errors in tabulation should develop. In 2,680 of the state’s 3,589 precincts, Johnson polled 63,598 x-otes, as against 55,097 garnered by liis opponent, Tom Davis, of Minneapolis. Christianson liad 238,590 x-otes in 2,780 precincts to Leach’s 107,872. Judge .Tauqucs xx-as unopposed for the democratic nomina tion. ' tion advocate to congress a 28-year-old man, the youngest ex-er chosen by the state for that office, Melvin J. Maas, the victor in Monday’s primary, polled as many x-otes as his txx-o opponents together, to xx-in tlic nomination in the Fourth district, xvhich includes St. Paul. Maas, xvlio favox-cd modification to permit light wines and beer, but no sa loons, ousted Rcprescntatix-e Oscar E. Keller, elected to congress four times from the Fourth district. Keller, who i-an a poor third, and Fred A. Snyder, the other candidate, came out in support of Hie pi-csent pi-ohibition law. Maas polled 15,000 votes to slightly more than S,900 for Snyder and 5,700 for Keller. Maas, a graduate of tlxe Unix-ersily of Minnesota, xvas a marine during the World xx-ar. Returns from other congressional dis tricts, xvhich liax-e party contests were still too meager to indicate the outcome. Six of the incumbents, hoxx-cvcr, had no party opposition. Thomas V. Sullix-an of' St. Paul, was nominated as tlic Farmicr^Labor candi date for congress from tlxe Fourth dis trict, and xvith a democratic -candidate yet to he selected, will oppose Maas in Nox-ember. Sullix-an defeated William. \il Minnesota republicans have nominat-1 M. Meincrs by an ox-erwhelming raa- ed as tlxcir first prohibition modifies-* jority.