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Twelve Pages VOL. XIII., NO. 14 FERGUS COUNTY DEMOCRAT LEWISTOWN, FERGUS COUNTY, MONTANA, JANUARY 4, 1917. 2- 0 ) OPPOSED BY LODGE Urges Senate Not to In- . I dorse President Wil- son's Peace Note. CREATES SENSATION Senator Lodge Attacks German Am- bassador, Count von Bernstorff, for Having Made a Public Statement Approving President's Peace Note, Declaring Such Statements as the German Ambassador's Had Added to the Opinion That Note was Timed and Designed to Aid Germany in Making Terms She Desired. -. . WASHINGTON, Jan. 3.—After an- (.. -.1 1 , other debate on Senator Hitchcock's C\ 'resolution to have the senate indorse 'President Wilsons' peace note, during . which Senator Lodge attacked the German ambassador, Count von Bern- storft, for having -.made a public state- ment approving it, the senate today again deferred action and will take up the question again tomorrow. Senator Lodge's open mention of the German envoy's name, which the sen- ator said he knew was contrary to the . unwritten rules of the senate, was the Agnention of a speech, in which the senator declared that, although he ac- cepted in full faith President Wilson's statement that the note was in no way suggested by nor iesoclated with the peace proposals of the German allies, nevertheless he believed such statements as the German ambassa- dor's, had added to the opinion that the note was timed and designed to aid Germany in making the peace terms she desires. On the ground that the senate as the only legislative body in the world having a voice In international rela- tions should move slowly and not take any action which might afterwards be- come of aid to one set of belligerents, Senator Lodge led the opposition to . the resolution, in vl hich he was sup- ported by other republicans, among 1 them Senator Gallinger, the republi- can leader, and Senator Borah. Senator Hitchcock led the fight for I his resolution, in which he was sup- ported by Senator Smith of Georgia -ri the credeption that an indorsement ol the president's note was no more than an act in the interest of hu- manity. When the senate resumes the de- bate tomorrow it also will have before it a substitute resolution by Senator Gallinger, which merely would say: \That the senate of the 'Jetted States In the interests of humanity and civilization expresses the sincere hope that peace between the warring nations of Europe may be consurial mated at an early date.\ The Hitchcock resolution would say: \That the senate approves and very strongly Indorses the action taken by the president in sending the diplo- matic notes of Dec. 18 to the nations now engaged in war, suggesting and recommending that those natione state the terms upon which peace might be discussed.\ Senator Lodge insisted today that the Hitchcock resolution called upon the senate to indorse all of the presi- dent's note, which he contended goes far beyond any proposition merely to bring the belligerents together. It would project congress, he declared, into European politics, overturning a policy of years' standing and by in- volving the United States in European politics, necessarily would involve po- litical interests of the eastern hemi. sphere with the interests of the west- ern hemisphere in contravention of the spirit iit the Monroe doctrine. Be- cause of widespread misinterpretation of the note, Senator Lodge declared, congress was venturing into danger if it adopted the Hitchcock resolution. . , WILL PROBE \LEAK\ CHARGES. WASHINGTON, Jan. 3.—Congres- sional agitation over charges that there was a \leak\ of advance Infor- mation on ['resident Wilson's peace note, on which somebody made money in the stock market, culminated today in the house ordering the rules coin- mittee to make a report within 10 days on Representative Wood's resolu- tion for investigation, and an open statement on the floor by Representa- e Bennett of New York that Ber- nard Baruch, a New York stock op- erator, was reported to have sold short 11,000 shares of steel on the \Up.\ Over objections of Representative Henry, chairman. of the committee, who, after conferences with Thomas ennottneed that the Bos- ton financier's charges were a \mir- age,\ Representative Wood succeeded In having the house hold privileged his resolution for an inquiry into the Law- son allegations by a committee of five, then the resolution was referred to the rules committee with instructions to report on it in 10 days. Mr. Henry immediately called a meeting for tomorrow morning to con- sider the resolution and tonight both democrats and republicans of the com- mittee were 'Remanding that Mr. Law- son, Representative Wood and others be called to testify. HERE FROM CHINOOK. Mr. and Mrs. Fred R. ',own of Chi- nook are In the city visiting with rela- tives. Mr. Gown was formerly man- ager of the Montana Lumber company at tillger and is now employed in a like capacity with one of the lumber firms In Chinook. E. Robertson Is a visitor from Her- lowton. FL OF EN Note to Wilson Will Be More Positive Than Re- ply to Germany. IN THE REALM OF WAR In No War Theater Aside From Ru- mania Has an Important Engage- ment Taken Place—Teutonic Allies Gain Another Success In Rumania by the Capture of Two Towne In Northern Dubrudja, on Eastern Bank of the Danube—On Western Front Lively Artillery Duels Are in Prog- ress Near Verdun. LONDON, Jan. 3.-19:21 p. in.)— Reuters Telegram „ eonight publishes the following concerning the reply of the entente allies to President Wil- son's recent note suggesting that the belligerents state their terms of Peace: \The document is still undergoing slight modification of the draft and will not be published until a day or two after it is in the hands of the president. \The note will be more positive than the reply to Germany and is expected to indicate in more precise fashion the only preliminaries upon which the al- lies are prepared to negotiate. In again going over the ground of the respon- sibility for the war it is likely that the allies will emPhasize the only pos- sible terms for peace, thus contrast- ing sharply the German note, which purposely was of a negative charac- ter.\ ASSOCiATED PRESS RESUME. The period of comparative calm, which has existed on all the battle fronts for some time except in Ru- mania, continues. In no theater aside from Rumania has an important en- gagement taken place. In Rumania the Teutonic allies have gained another considerable success in the capture In northern Dobrudja of the towne of Matchin and Nile, on the easteen bank of the Danube Just south of the Dionabe where the river nenda and separates Dobrudja from Bess- arabia. In Moldavia and northern Wallachia the invaders are keeping up their gains, both northward and eastward from the Transylvanian Alps region. At several points in the center of the lines in Northern Wallachia, however, the Russians and iitzmanians are tenac- iously fighting to iold them back and according to- Pet grad, In the region southwest of Focsant and near the River Rimnik, the Teutonic allies were defeated. On the western front lively artillery duels are in progress in Belgium and on several sectors in the region of Ver- dun. On the Austro-Itallan front bombard- ments alone have taken place. There still is -no news concerning operations In Macedonia. 0 FIRE DAMAGI TUESDAY. Damage to the extent of $200 re - suited from a fire in the Hagan ga- rage, oil Broadway, Tuesday shortly after noon when hot ashes started a blaze. Some damage to a car and to the building was done. Fire Chief Hebb wishes to admonish all against the careless throwing about of ashes, which is a frequent cause of dis- astrous fires and which is entirely needless. The city ordinance provides for the putting of ashes into steel cans, and this should be done in every instance. People will do well to heed this wareipg of Mr. Babb's. Safe- ty first. C. E. Shbainaker has returned from Hunters Hot Springs, where he has been recuperating for the past three weeks. His health is very much im- proved. merit required for alkali soils and their effect upon plant life. The valuable - effect of nitrogen fixing macteria upon the soils especially when alfalfa is being raised was mentioned. The talk brought out some spirited discussion of certain points among which was that a chemical analysis does not al- ways show if the chemical elements In the soil can be utilized by plants and that the presence of organic matter was very essential to Plant growth Lie settle , . At 11 o'clock Prof. 4cChord of the State college at Bozeman gave a splendid talk on the value of raising livestock. A few crops as hlfalfa, field peas, etc., return nitrogen to the soil, but the grain crops remove a great deal of nitrogen from the soil, and manure from livestock furnishes the cheapest and most convenient way to return nitrogen to the soil. He said that to make a success of livestock a man must like the business and take good care of his stock. He showed that it was unwise for a farmer to sell all his' grain even at high prices and that more of It should be fed to stock, which usually would give larg or returns from the grain and which can be more conveniently marketed. The value of cattle to the Montana farmer was especially emphasized and the possibility of making large profits on baby beef. which are young steers from 18 to 20 months old. He urged the raising of pure-bred •animals as better prices can be secured for such stock. Different breeds of cattle were mentioned and how such breeds orig- inated and different characteristics that shelled be bred for. The evils of inbreeding were also pointed out. It was brought out in a discuesion that the requirements of the market have determined' the characteristics of Cf. ferent breeds. The value of breeding for more than one charaetsiatic was emphasized, as for both wool nd mut- ten in the case of sheep or b f and milk production as in cattle. Profes- sor Mcehord admitted that cross lar Sunday, in according with breeding had often proved desirable their annual custoril s , attended divine and said if any one was successful efosshig e gfti c this year to the Metho- in raising grade stock, he should con- tinueeto .do ito..but thet Pere, bred filet church, whei:WittrC. - M.'bontild- sires should be used, which would son delivered a special address to steadily improve the grade of the herd. the order. His text was \Keep the Several famous stock breeder- as Cruickshank ,and Bates were men- tioned. Montana is So far from the market that the shrinkage a ounts to about 100 pounds from Lew town to Chicago, and it costs $10 to $11 to mar- ket a steer, Including cost of feeding and commission and freight. Closer markets would mean lighter prices and should be encouraged. Long drives to persisted to this day, and was the beats of the strength of the modern the railroads also hurt the steers, es- pecially if they are grass fed •••••••••• .0.4/11.1MARib SAYS PRESIDENT WILSON NOW HAS PEACE CONDITIONS OF THE TEUTONIC ALLIES, AND ENTENTE CAN LEARN THE TERMS FROM HIM DON, Jan. 3.—(7:44 p. m.)—President Wilson rnnv knows the peace conditions of the nic allies, and the entente powers can learn what they are from him, Count Julius Andrassy, erly premier of Hungary, is quoted as asserting, in a dispatch from Budapest forwarded to the Central News Agency by way of Amsterdam. The statement attributed to Count Andsassy was made in a New Year's speech. He said: - As the entente alleges that our peace proposal was only a maneuver and was not made with any earnest desire to bring about 'pace. I am able td declare that President Wilson now knows our peace conditions and the entente can learn them from that source. - The version of the Budapest dispatch received by the Reuter Telegram company via Amsterdam, quotes Count Andrassy as saying the peace conditions of the central powers will be com- municated to President Wilson, the quotation being as follows: \If the entente rejects our peace offer only because they maintain that our offer is not honestly meant, but is merely a maneuver and that they cannot enter into negotiations before knowing our conditions, they can learn these from President Wilson to whom they will be communicated.\ WASHINGTON, Jan. 3.—Coincident with the receipt here today of confidential advices giving the broad outlines of the entente reply to President Wilson's note proposing discussion of peace terms, Col. E. M. House, the president's friend and adviser, arrived at the White House. The colonel's last visit was followed by the dispatch of the president's note. At the same time press dispatches from London told of a speech by Count Julius Andrassy former premier of Hungary, stating that the central powers had given or would give President Wilson a statement of their peace terms, and that the entente allies could obtain them from him. Officials at the White House and the state depart- ment would not discuss these developments further than to say definitely that no further move on the part of the American government would be determined until the entente reply was received. Both in German and entente circles pessimism over the ontloolc, was expressed. The president, however, was understood to think the move already made will be helpful ultimately, regardless of the immediate consequences. Colonel House has kept in very close touch with all developments in - the situation. Through his two visits to Europe since the war began he is considered by the admin- istration to have a complete knowledge of the many cross currents operating for and against peace - , in the several nations at war. FARMERS' INSTITUTE PROVES INTERESTING AND INSTRUCTIVE Over 100 people, about equally di- vided between ,paen and women, were in attendance at the Fergus County Farmers' institute and Hoinekeepers' course, which opened at the high school last Monday. All spoke in high terms of the help received, and much good will unquestionably result. At 9:30 Mr. Olson, of the local high school faculty, gave a lecture and demonstration of rope work in which he considered the construction and care of rope. relay:leg .treede, eud whip and end and eye and spAce. From 10 to 11 Mr. Olson started the work on agronomy by an excellent lec- ture on soils. He considered both the physical and chemical origin of soils, showing how they were formed from the effect of the atmosphere, tern' perature, wind, water, plants and ani- mals. The essential chemical consti- tuents of the soils required for plant growth were shown to be nitrogen, phosphorus a n d potassium. The sources of these were shown to be from the decay of rocks, commercial fertilizers and barnyard manure, and the effect of these were mentioned. Emphasis was laid upon Fergus coun- ty soils and especially upon the treat - REVS OBER TO THE KNIGHTS SERMON To KNIGHTS TEMPLAR AT METHODIST CHURCH SUN- DAY MORNING. \ALTAR FIRES\ IS THE SUBJECT With Eminent Commander W. D. Symmes in charge, the - Knighte -- Temp- Altar Fire Burning Continually,\ and throughout his sermon he made ap- plication of this to the Knights Temp - tar and other fraternal orders. Orig- inally, he said, the Knights had as their special mission the protection of the weak against the strong and it was not so much a military order ha an order of service. That spirit order. Before the days of steam heated THE DAWNING OF NINETEEN apartments there used to be the old - SEVENTEEN CHEERILY. fashioned fireplace and with all its faults, it was still -the_tectat hospitable WATCH MEETING AT M. E. CHURCH tation. A good many of the fireplaces, feature ever placed in a human hien- it was true, only radiated enough heat ; to warm the inner circle. The heat The feature of New Year's Eve was and the glow never reached beyond the watch meeting held at the Metho- that, even in the room and the home, dist church, beginning at 9 o'clock to say nothing of the outside cone Sunday and lasting until midnight. muntty. The altar fire meld be Ilk - Following an organ selection by Mr.`erietrtte tht ft - showld radiate heat Brock, the Plectoral Quintet, under' enough to do more than warm the Mr. Bean rendered a fine number and inner circle that existed in all the Mrs. C. H. Davis rendered a fine vire - fraternal orders. It.. should warm all cal selection. Mr. Jacin gave a violin l in the lodge room and its radiance solo and Rev. Benjamin Owens WSW should be felt outside, in the corn - heard in a fine vocal Nelection. A enmity as a glowing force. Other - trio composed of Mrs. Green. Mrs. ;wise that order was pretty much of Davis and Miss Holagref sang elteb-la - To (hie end the altar fire bins' \At Twilight\ with beautiful et- should be kept burning continually. feet and following another organ seleed The great war had broken down tton by Mr. Brock, Rev. C. L. Logan fraternalism in a day—thet was its reviewed the old year and Rev. George , worst feature. Brothers Were killing Richmond followed with a most brothers. And he did not hesitae quent address on \The New Year.\ -to say that the War had lame I' A devotional hour under the leader- ' clear that there was one thing higher ship of Rev. Benjamin Owens and Rev.. than patriotism and that was reprt C. M. Donaldson followed, this last- sented by the banner of the Knight. Mg until the new year was born. I Templar -- fraternalism, brotherhood., NEW YEAR GIVEN NOISY IILCOME CROWDS AT THE CAFES GREET Experiment Station Work. During the afternoon agroneeny pe- riod Mr. Donaldson, who has charge of the crop work at the Moccasin ex- periment station# gave a report on the rotations which are there being con- ducted. A number of photographs and diagrams added greatly to the inter. est. Mr. Donaldson said that the fab- ject of the rotation atudiee at Mocca- sin was to study tha. effect of differ- ent ways of farming on the productiv- itY of_. lerglet_reettatY BAWL leerning that h e deep_ not pay to sum- mer fallow every other year and that the chief value of summer fallowing lies in getting rid of weeds. Growing either peas or rye and turning thent Under for green manure fins been ue- profitable. A certain amount of tillage in wheel. raising Is necessary, said Mr. Donald- son, but we are finding that the most profitable way to get this IS by grow- ing corn for fodder instead of sum- mer fallowing. Our average for the past seven years has been two tons of dry fodder per acre. The mattet of soil blowing was fully diSellalted, aria .etigeations given for handling this if - mild.. T. I Or row Mr Donald- son will give a detailed report of the forage work at the station, and later their experience with growing shelter belts and shrubs. On Draft Horses. In the afternoon a large number heard Professor McCliord speak on draft horses, their diseases, breeding, will shape the administration's fut. surance. care and management. policy He said, lu lire towards the de facto gov- O'Shea, for state fire Insurance on ernment. part: public buildings. \Montana farmers need more and Although an authoritative admission better livestock. Fach year there he to that effect we' , lacking. It Inonnin any nr inte w e r r e a l arge amount 4 4 E r „ . g b fr n d ea ever y ifeown that Secretary Laue, Dr. J. R. „ mug as a penalty fur infraction, for- t o f t or ov a er bi l li d dpeenrnelenngt,ussoudrytmat-- tenure of the principal. Edwards, for a bill creating a state insurance fund for bonding of all pub - lie officials. When the fund aggre- gates $500,000 premiuma are to ter - educated man than it done for a sue- report of their failure to have ratified initiate and the fund is then selfsup- man not only has to produce large withdrawal of the American troops porting. easeful grain , farmer. The livestock by Carranza the protocal prqviding for Senator Hogan called attention to the fact that the ventilation of the fields of grain, but he must also he a from Mexico and for a co-operative senate chamber was insufficient and good judge, capable of selecting an- control of the border, and asked him he moved that the partition. on each male that will make consistent, rapid, to decide whether they *dieted conthe side of the chamber be ventilated by and economical gains throughout the Ue their conferences on other subjects the potting in of portable glass. The i feeding period and meet the market am suggested by Carraeza. The prem. suggestion was adopted and the ser- demands when finished. Not only must !dent end the three commissioners geanteit-erms was Meerut -44d to noUty he be a good judge but he must also discussed the report for about an hour, the janitors. Afterwards Secretary Lane referred Inquiries to the president. The west. dent said he did not wish to Mecums _ the question in any of its phases. At least one more eotiference with the Mexicans will be held. The president continued his comae- eration of the withdrawal of Genera; Pershing's force regardless of Careen , men attitude, and of the sending of Henry P. Fletcher to Mexico City to $, by Lemmon of Deer ,Lodge. $ 55 , 000 represent the government as afffbassa•_1 for payment of the per diem of at - tactics and employes; house bill No. 3, by Fishbaugh of Flatbead, $15,000 NOT PREPARING TO WITHDRAW. for incidentals. EL PASO, Texas, Jan. 3.—Lieut. Col. Action was delayed because all bills C. S. Farnsworth, base commander at must go before committee and the Columbus, N. M., who was here today committees had not been announced„ Both Representative McMahon and to be examined for promotion to col- onel, reported that no preparations Higgins of Missoula endeavored' to have the rule, set aside and the Mean - were being made at the Columbus ures placed on final reading, but Rep - base for the withdrawal of General i resemative mak \. Deer Lodge cited CHASING BANDITS Murguia Pushes South, Driving Villa's Main Force Before Him. WILSON HAS REPORT American Members of the Joint Com- mission Make a Personal Report to the President of Their Negotiations Which Have Reached a Deadlock, and All the Threads of the Tangled Situation Between United States and Mexico - 'Are Held up by the Chief Executive—All Refuse to Dis- cuss the Question. CHIHUAHUA CITY, Mexico, Jan. 3. —Gen. Francisco Murgula is steadily pushing south, driving the Villa main force before him and has already ete tabliehed his headquarters at Amines, according to an official statement given out at the military headquarters here tonight. Private 'reports received here - say General Margula sent his trains back to Chihuahua City calling on his Sol- diers either to win or die, and that his rear guard is fortifying Santa Ito - satin, lately his base. General Dieguez has been entrusted with the operations against Villa in the Laguna district. It is officially stated here that Tor. reon, beredo, and Gomez Paled* are in the hands of Carranza troops. Twelve Pages PRICE FIVE CENTS CALL FOR NEW DEAL Montana's Constitution Framed Without Con- sidering Farmers, IT NEEDS AMENDING Senator Hogan of Yellowstone County Gives Notice of His Intention to In- troduce a Siff Calling for a Consti- tutional Convention, as Rile Been - Found Laws Designed to Assist the Farmers Are Hampered Greatly by the Present Constitution—Will Re- quire a Two-thirds Vote of the Mem- bers Present. farm that' goes to waste, which, when fed to livestock, is given an economic value and helps to maintain soil fer- tility. \To be a successful livestock man it requires a more shrewd and better (Continued on Wage Eight) - FM TEXT OF 840 HOUESTEAD THREE YEARS' RESIDENCE AND $1.25 IMPROVEMENTS ARE THE CHIEF REQUIREMENTS. [ANUS MUST BE DESIGNATED The local land office was busy again yesterday owing to stead law now beteg in force, and Pershintee troops from Mexico. the section home - Colonel Farnsworth said a hangar about fifty original or additional fit- was b ei ng built at Columbus which Inge finder this act were niade. would aedotnmodate a number of ide- ate full text of the law is here- planes and that no extra clerks or -with prea a se, a a eaa „. ti m e se,,tet-e—e l e f ettner_empleyes httAaen secured by can peruse same and make no tale- the quartermailter cdrp. there hi antlt\ take as to the requirements and qua'. citation of the early withdrawal of the Meath:ins. There has been consider - expeditionary forces. able doubt regarding a number of points which are made clearer, while on some other matters later decisions will be needed to clarify some cases that may arise. The salient features are the expenditure of $1.26 per acre on improvements, three years' resi- dence and the fact that the lands must be designated as subject to this law, before the application for filing is accepted. Thin may require from four to six months, and the home- steader then have six months time to establish residence. The Full Text, IL. 407. An act to provide for stock-raisln homesteads, and for other purp es. Be It acted by the senate, etc., That fro and after the passage ot thls art t shall be lawful for any per- son re lifted to 'make entry under the h iestead laws of the United State to make stock -raising home- stead entry for not exceeding six hun- dred nd forty acres of unappropriat- ed, ire,fierved public lend in reason- ably compact form: Provided, how- ever, that the land so entered shall therefore have been designated by the secretary of the interior as raising lands,\ lands.\ Sec, 2. That the tieCietary of the Vtatt to fgtawn sine° be eghtwe to interior is hereby authorized, on a placation or otherwise, to designate Montana and he will have some -seg. le geetions to make at the luncheon that as stock -raising lands subject to entry tif under this act lands the surface o co d f who can shoul hear. which is, in his opinion, chiefly val- uable for grazing and raising forage crops, do not contain tnereiumtable REPORT TO WILSON. WASHINGTON. Jan, the. threads of the tangled situation be- tween the United States and Mexico were held tonight by President Wilson. Th American members of the Me: - lean -American joint comniimmion made to him late today a personal report of their negotiations which have now reached a deadlock, and whether the conferences of the commission 'shall continue is a 'mention the president has added to those already under con- sideration, the determination of which Mott and Judge George Gray. the American roMMIsidoners, considered useless futher attempts to effect a settlement of questions at issue through the joint commission. They submitted to the prealdent a written CHANCELLOR TO MAKE ADDRESS MR. ELLIOTT, OF UNIVERSITY OF MONTANA, TO SPEAK AT THE LUNCHEON TODAY. 'Witt BE HELD AT MUNGER'S CAFE (Continued on Page Six.) Chancellor Elliott of the University of Montana, arrived here last evening Ina -nttemted the session of the Far- mers' Course last night. He made a very tree' tete, net raring to give an extended edit -eel; as he is to be the principal speaker at the noonday luncheon to be given by the Chamber of Commerce at Munger's cafe today and will speak again at the high school, This is the chancellor's first SNOW IS DEEP. le M. Down. who Is in the city from Grass Range, reports very deep tinetv In that region. In some places the drifts are almost impassible. IIELENA, ‘ Jan. 3.—Senator Hogan of Yellowstone county during a brief session of the Montana senate today, gave notice of his intention to intro- duce a bill calling for a constitutannit convention. , A two-thrds vote of the members of each, house is necessary to pass the bill. It has been something over 30 years since the constitution was formed and the changing conditions, according to those who seek to amend it, have made it difficult to place remedial legiela- oi c lion on the statute books. When the present eon utlon was adopted farming was in infancy In Montana and the interests of the agri- culturists were not considered to the extent other interests were, says Mr. I togan. It hug been (mind that laws design- ed to assist the farmers are hampered greatly by the constitution, sod it is understood the agrcultural population is demanding that a convention be called to remedy conditions. At the present session the question to taxation is to cut an important figure, not to mention state hail in- surance, state are insurance on public buildings, terminal elevators, etc. Notice of bills was also given for the following: Morris and O'Shea, for state hail in - The senate adjourned to meet to- morrow at 2 o'clock. Appropriation bills occupied the time of the. house. The estimated cost of the session is $160,000, and is cov- ered in three house bills introduced today, as follows; House bill No. I, by McMahon of Silver Bow, $50,000 for mileage and per diem of rnembera; house bill No, the constitution on appropriation bills and the motions were lost. The ses- sion of 1915 Cost the state $155,000. The speaker amounted that he would not be ready to appoint com- es uet11, Friday. Mires of intredtieteett'ef bIlliriftersr -• given by Representative Bernard of Flathead, and Baldwin of Carbon county-. The bill by Bernard ,house bill No. 4, provides for an act to en- courage the breeding of game birds, game quadrupeds, or fur bearing ant - males; providing for licensing game breeders and for sale of game stock.\ The bill 'provides for a license fee of nne dollar for all game breeders and gives them a right to sell game birds for food at all seasons of the year. House bill No. 5, by Baldwin, is \an act to submit to the qualified electors of the state of Montana an amend- ment to section 2 of article 12 of the constitution of the state of Montana providing that evidences of debt shall !Stamp/ from taxation.\ A similar proposed constitutional amendment was defeated by a vote of the people at the recent general elec- tion but this bill which was defeated by the electors of the state likewise provided an exemption on property Hued for \religious purposes,\ and thee it is Maimed, was the cause of its overwhelming defeat. The Bald- win measure eliminates this alleged objectionable feature to the proposed amendment. The house adjourned until tomor- row morning. 0 MANY APPLICATt0e11) FILED, BILLINGS. Jan. 3.—Although the lo- cal land office has not yet been fully advised regarding the full nature of the 640 -acre law, many applications have already been flied here, accord- ing to a statement by Received E. J. McLean. A temporary set of instruc- tions have been issued for the guid- ance of land office officials.