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EXPECT QUARTER OF MILLION VOLXV., NO. 42 FERGUS COUNTY DEMOCRAT TO START SHIPPING OF S! Organization to Send Cattle East for Pas- ture Soon Ready. PANAMA CANAL TRAFFIC LESS THAN FORMER YEARS PANAMA, July 16. -During the fiscal year ended June 30, commercial ships going through the Panama canal numbered 2,031. These aggregated 6,013,- 000 net tons. The vessels carried 6,800,000 tons of cargo. The ship were 4 per cent, and cargoes 10 per cent, less than during the pre- ceding fiscal years. Of the vessels passing through the canal, the American flag led with 791, while British vessels numbered 601, Norwegian 128, French 104, Chilean 93 and Jap- anese 90. LEWISTOWN, FERGUS COUN'l 1, MONTANA, JULY 17, 1919. WHEAT TO BE SENT TO SOUTH Price Advanced to $2.30 at New Orleans and Galveston. SENATORS ASKD TO CONSULT President Wilson Invites Republicaos to Talk Over Ireaty. FORD IS HECKLED IN COURT Willing to Admit Being Ignorant Idealist, But Changes Mind. GERMAN BANK WANTS [OAK OF THIRTY MI WON IN N. Y. NEW YORK, July 16.-Offl- eials of the Deutsch bank of Berlin have started negotiations with New York banks to estab- lish credits for the benefit of German Interests here. It is un- derstood Deutsch bank officials are spokesmen for the German government. The proposal is that bank credits be opened here. Noth- ing has been said definitely about the size of the credit, but American bankers have been given to understand it is consid- erable, with $30,000,000 to $50,- 000,000 for a beginning. •••••••••••••••.m.m.. 4.••• _ A NEWSPAPER PURUJIREIR AMMUCANS FOR AMU PRICE FIVE CENTS FIGHTING DRY BILL RADICALS Conserative Prohibition- ists Think Amendment Is Too Drastic. HEAD TO BE SENT FROM STATE CUT DOWN EASTERN ROADS AND TERMINALS ROM TO RATIFICATION FOR WRITING OF PRESS AGENTULD RELIEVE STRAIN UPON EFFORT IS MADE TO DIMINISH ASSUMES All RESPONS WOIBILITY JEALOUSY MIGHT RESULT IN DEFEAT BY SENATE OR PRESIDENT'S VETO ST. PAUL, July 16. -Officers at South St. Paul and _Billings, Mont., under charge of federal officials from the bureau of animal industry will serve as clearing houses to expedite shipments of cattle and sheep from the drouth area of Montana to Minne- sota and Wisconsin pastures.• Details of the bureaus were announced late today by Commissioner of Agriculture N. J. Holmberg. A survey will be completed this week of all the Montana stock owners with the kind and quantity of work which they are seeking pasturage to care for starving cattle. When the \killers\ have been shipped to Mal' ket. as is gradually being done, it is estimated there will be a quarter mil- lion head for which pasturage or feed must be supplied by Minnesota, Wis - consin, Iowa and other states. Within ten days the organization perfected at Tuesday's conference with federal officials is expected to be moving immense herds of cattle and sheep. At this end of the organization, the northern part of the state will be or- ganized by counties and districts. Commercial clubs and civic bodies will select representatives at Duluth Hinckley, Grand Rapids, Brainerd, Bemidji and 'Thief River Falls. It is (Continued on 'Page Eight.) KING HONE - AIR Lack of Interest in Trip as Compared With Airplane Flight. LONDON, July 16. -Major G. 11. Scott, eaptain of the British dirigible 5-14 art! Brigadier (lenerel 1 4 .1 M. Mail - land, whd represented the British air ministry on the airship's round trip flight to New York, went to BUtking- ham place to report to King George teday. almost unnoticed by the crowd. The people assembled at the gates to warch the changing of the guard did not know that the two officers were the heroes of the first trans -.et - lactic dirigible flight. When the on Been inn s a- group of photographers drew the crowd's/attention to the two airmen and they were cheered loudly Kate George showed much' interest In the repert of the officers and con - seised with them for an hour. lie cotigratulated them heartily. The apperent lack of public interest h. the feat of the R-34, has berm in contrast with the enthusiastic recep- tions givtit Captain John Alcock, who riatie etc first non -atop traesettlaritic airplane flight and that given Hairy Hawker, who fell into the sea half 'way &cross. OF FOOD French Cabinet Decides on Four Plans to Re- duce Living Cost. WAR STOCKS OF FOOD TO BE SOLD BY CO-OPERATIVE BODIES PARIS, tuly 16. -(French Wireless). -Four definite measures intended to reduce the cost of living were decided upon today at a meeting'of the cabi- let. Henri Roy, a deputy, was ap- pointed e commissioner to execute the the ideas agreed upon. The four plans were 1. \Clemenceau\ or \Vilgrain\ food - selling booths in Parlsmill be doubled in number and others will be estate 'lobed in other centers of population. 2. Cheap restaurants supplying Meals at axed lerices - will be started in Paris and it the provinces under the control oe the ministry of sup- -plies. 3. Ai war stocks of foodstuffs will be sold to the public chiefly through the co-operative societies. 4. A special service already organ - bed in the ministry of supplies will seek to curb illicit speculation in food- stuffs. 0- MAL BLUE GETS PEON WASHINGTON, July 16. --Secretary I 1Daniels has set aside the verdict of I the navy court martial that sentenced I Rear Admiral (then captain) Victor Blue to loss of ten numbers in his. grade and has restored him to his I proper place. The trial resulted from • the stranding of the dreadnaught I Texas, which he commanded, on Block' island in September, 1917. This was made known today- coin-, cadent with the announcement that President Wilson had approved Ad- miral Blue's retirement from the navy WASHINGTON, July 16. -President Wilson today signed an executive or- der including the guaranteed price of the 1019. wheat crop to $2.30 per befshel at Galveston and New Orleans. At the same time a presidential proclamation was issued declaring that in order \to protect the United States against undue • enhancement of its liabilities,\ under the law guarantee- ing wheat prices, that on and riper July 1, no wheat flour should be Im- ported into or exported from die United States except under prescribed limitations to be. fixed by Wheat Ad- ministrator Julius S. Barnes. It is expected the higher price ere tablished for wheat at Galveston and New Orleans will divert the crop's flow to export from Atlantic termin- als, and thus relieve the strain on common carriers and terminal facil- ities. In additional executive orders the president approved the licensing plan put into effect by Director Barnes, providing that all persons handling wheat, with the exception of growers, bakers, who consume less than fifty berretta of flour per month, apd com- mon carriers, must be licensed. PAT TRIBUTES TO PERSHING, American General Gli,st at Military Dinner in London. LONDON, July 16. --The government gave a dinner in honor of General J. guests including Field Marshall Doug - was essentially a military function the og iLIGHT J. Pershing and his staff tonight. It Iasi Haig who presided; General Sir Henry Seymour Rawlinson, comman- der Of the Fifth British Army; .General Henry S Horne, commander of the British army in France; Lieutenant General William Riddel Birdewood commander of the Australian and New Zealand troops in France, and other prominent British officers. General Pershing and his staff were presented to the King and Queen at a garden party at Buckingham palace this afternoon and took tea in the Royal enclosure. The American Am- bassador John W. Davis and other members of the diplomatic corps were also present. General Pershing conversed for some time with the Prince of Waled, whom he had entertained many times at his headquarters in France, and remained at the function for about -two hours, WASHINGTON, July 16. -In an ag- gressive effort to diminish senate op- poaition s to the trot with Germany , President Wilson.. ill begin at the i White House tonsorrew a series of personal talks with republican sena- tors. With his reiterated offer to consult with the foreign retie Ione committee unaceepted, and with his opponents on the republican side evincing no put. pose to seek his counsel, the piss'• dent decided to day to adopt the inpre direct method of requesting reituldis can membere to the White House ant! laying before them his reasons for asking that the treaty he ratified. A half dozen senators. whose names were withheld, were aektel to ifleet the president tomorrow, and it was In- dicated that the invitations woule be a daily feature until Br. Wilson had seen most of the yepeblicans. tour- ing the day he eelneted those whom he desires to see this week. The president's letters of invitation, sent out by mail, bad nut been de- livered tonight and there was much speculation as to, the personnel for tomorrow's conferences. In ROM quartiles it was thought likely he had Invited Cheirmaii Lodge and other members of the foreign relations com- mittee but il also was suggested he may have chosen to talk first with senators who are inclined to be friend- ly with the treaty of who have taken no definite stand regarding it. Pending receipt of the invitations, senators resered their opinions as to the move, althottalepublican leaders opposing the t in In; present form did, net.heeltses to peedict that the White House treks would fail to lessen the oppoeition to unresuirved ratification. Imemocratic senators supporting the presidet, however, de- clared his eeerse undoubtedly meant that he had convime ing arguments to offer. for physical disability upon recone. DRY Yee. Mr. Daniels acted largely on rec- mendation of a board of medical sur- BoNp ommendation of Admiral Rodman, who during the war was in direct con- 0 . trol of the Texas. CARSON STIRS OLD TROUBLE BY THREAT MADE IN SPEECH Ulster Leader Is Condemned by Newspapers of All Parties For His Remarks Which Are Criticized As Being Calculated to Breed Bad Blood in he Present Irish Situation Attorney General Declares That There Are No Grounds to Proceed Legally Against Orangeman. LONDON, July 16. ---(By The Astio- dated Press.) -The speech of Sir Edward Carson on Saturday hats brought the Ulster leader under the lash of the newspapers of all parties. - primarily on account of his references of the unionists which are criticieed as calculated to breed bad blood be- tween the two nations, and secondly, because he reiterated his old threat I to call out the Ulster volunteers to resist any attempt to place the homes nile act in operation. The ilberal pro -Irish papers are quick to point out that, in point of tactics, there is no difference between \King De Valera\ and \King Carson.\ The matter came tip In the house of commons tonight when the speaker gave John Robert (Alpert, hiborite, per- mission to move adjournment of the house for the purpose of challenging the government to set the,law in mo- tion asatelt ISrIthirard for a speech inciting to violabee and endangering the safety of the realm. Mr. Clines avid there *On many* peer . 116theirthe men now In prison for wing legg ads. mug things than Carson has said. It W55 the government's duty to see that the law was equitably enforced. Mr. Clines described Sir Edward as the \Arch apostle of direct action.\ Lord Cecil and other unionist merit - berg condemned Carson's remarks as indefensible. The Attorney General announced there were no gronads for setting the law in motion Against Sir Edward for his threat to call out the Ulster vol- unteers against home rule. By a vote of 217 to 73, the house rejected a motion by J. R. ('lynes, la- bor member urging the government to apeech of incitement to violence and speech o (incitement to violence and breach of the law. The debate turned on the legal point, in whtch the attorney general gain he had the concurrence of the solicitor genetal, But almost all the speakers without distinction of party condemn the Carson speech. Sir Donald Mac Lean, liberal, appealed to this gmergamet to try to regain the merat authority of parliament by eola- ithaatlIttied Pagii Etalrf.) PUT IN EFFECT Congress Must Decide Upon Percentage of Alcohol Legal. WASHINGTON, July 16.-Prohebi- ,setnf states tto ree A de im f effectively ctively throughouttlon is et b tnhge at Gen- eral Palmer said. Sale of \hard\ liquor virtually has ceased, he assent- ed, except for scattered violations of the law as are inevitable with any new restrictive statute. Manufacture and sale on beer also is prohibited except in communities , Where the courts have ruled against the contention of the department of enetice that 275 percent. alcoholic drinks are forbidden by law and in those jurisdictions prosecutions will be instituted if the supreme court finally upholds the department's view. Mr. Palmer said he had expressed no opinion on enforcement legislation exceptpending in to say to • Interested representatives that the depprtment of justice would enforce vigoronaly whatever measure was en- acted. it is known, however. that Mr. Paltrier regards as absolutely essential congressional legislation as to what alcoholic content shall be considered shall be prohibited under the wartime act, against \intoxicating beverages.\ FOREST FIRE OUT iikLEVA, July If. --A forest fire be- times Csn,bn Ferry and York was ex- IgSd today by fanners in that Inflate Wore fire fighters arrived. !14 dthir blase of eorisequence is re. I thiffini 111•Ilis owition• today. 0 TO BE FOUSI1T Second Attempt to Act as Rider i cided U WASIIINGTON, Jul can leaders of the ho by party leaders in the today to attempt the rep agricultural appropriat its daylight saving r Spite the president's of the daylight savi the interstate co to fix standard mumzones, however, rded would not be disca under the proposal. After assurances had been obtained that the rules committee would an. thorize the daylight saving repeal in the appropriation bill, Chairman Hamm geu, of the house agricultural cone mittee today introduced the 'agricul- tural bill. House leaders although doubting that the remodeled measure with the repeal peovision would meet objec- tions of President Wilson, said many democratic members would join with the majority republicans In pressing the new measure. Chairman Oronna and other members of the senate agri- culture committee, they said, had in- sisted on incorporation Of the repeal provision by threatening to hold up early passage of the bill without the repeal section. Although the house agriculture com- mittee had decided not to act on a Mew bill until Friday, a later decision by Chairman Batmen revoked this agreement and the committee was called to meet tomorrow. ' Chairman Campbell of the rules committee also announced that his committee would be ready to consider thelidylight re- peal section if requested 'by the agri- culture committeemen. Consideration of the agriculture bin on the floor of the house probably wit! begin Fri- day. EPWORTH LEAGUE MEETS BILLINGS, July 15. -Montana Ep- worth league met here tonight 11 ,,1r 1a: d - emi conventton. About three hu, delegates are in attendance. Sessions will continue through Sunday. Local clergymen, Mayor W. Lee Mains and repremenletives of local dile botlitei delivered addresses of welcome at the opening session. 0 FIRES UNDER CONTROL LIVINGSTON. July 16. --Fires in \The Absaroka national forest, on both the east and west elopes of the Clem , mountains, were reported tinder con- trol tkla morning. Crews are on'guard to prevent the spread the homes. ass 16,---Republi- se, supported nate, agreed sage of the bill with ' lawyers. mai rider, tie- 0 to. Provisehns law authorizing NEED tierce commission o Rum MOUNT CLEMONS, Mich., July 16, -Henry Ford, under exeminution as a witness for the defense during an of today's eession of his suit for $1,000,000 against the Chicago Daily Tribune. was led through a maze of questions by the newspapeesiettorney, who said he was trying to show that the alleged libelous editorial was cor- rect in calling the motor manufacturer \an ignorant idealist.\ Answering the varied interrogations of Attorney Elliott G. Stevenson, Mr. Ferd described an idealist asi one who helped to make people prosperous,' \An anarchist le one who throws bombs or seeks to overturn govern - meet.\ The witness did not recall the incident of Major Andre and Benedict Arnold, describing the revolutionary traitor as a quitter. At one time, Mr. F,oril said he would admit he Was \an ignorant idealist\ If that would stop the line of question- ing, but later said the question would have to be decided by the jury. Judge Tucker interposed objection to carry- ing the line of inquiry too far outside the case Ind Attorney Stevenson then asked about Mr. Ford's knowledge of governmental relations, asserting that, as time witness, as a candidate for the senate, had set himself up as an edu- cator of the people, he humid a right to prove that Mr. Ford was ignorant. Mr. Ford reiterated that his circu- lars against war aud preparedness were written by Theodore Delavigne, but. that he was responsible for all s the statements, although he did not recall all of leollo t A are some of the state - mount published by Delavigne and for Whleet•klie i'ord &FRUMP(' full respo sibility: \It (war) Is the anew old scareerOW talk by the same old lazy vultures who make human lives, seldom their own, the stake in their so-called battle of brains.\ \I feel that this cry for training men to kill other men and for the placing of army and navy set a burden on the backs of the people, is it false concep- tion ef patriotism and treason to the lite of the people.\ \The United State% hart spent more than a billion dollars on a navy and army that would cope with an in- vasion that never occurred and never will occur, and yet the very war ex- ports who are remponielble for that bur- densome army and navy admit that our army and navy never would have been able to meet, with any hope of success, those of other so -culled powers.\ Pressed by Mr. Stevensdn as to what he meant by such statements. Mr. Ford repeatedly remarked that if it was In the book it was true. Throughout the session the air was thick with the objections of Ford's SOS BRAKE CAUSE OF TRAGEDY T. H. Ross Brutally Mur- ders Wife and Fatally Wounds Young Girl. SECOND VICTIM DIED FROM WASHINGTON. .luly le.-Connerva- tive members. of the prohibition fac- tion in the house set out today to curb whet they described us radical at- tempt to make the pending onforee- ment bill so drastic that it !night cre- ate a bitter feeling throughout the country on the whole question e: liquor thinklug It was elated by conservatives that if the radical element went toe tat they feared defeat in the senate and the work thrown out by a preeldete nal veto, Need of Wise counsel wee pointed out by the conservative pro- 1 Iorutsts, in viewf the pmuiuliali.'ul annourirentent tbut Roprenentative Morgan, republican, Oklahoma ment- ber mmf. time jatitciary comnintee had given notice he would endeavor to make it a violation of laW for a man to keep a jug of liquor in his own WOUND YESTERDAY EVENING it; ror to. -n A triple tragedy, one of the worst ever ehacted in this section, ocourred at the Day house kitchen Just before the noon hour Tues- day, when T. H. Ross, who con- ducted an ice cream parlor in the Day house at the corner of Fourth avenue and Broadway, shot and killed his wife, killed himself and shot and mortally wound- ed Enid Melton, a 15 -year -old girl, a sistpr of Mrs. Opal Schamens of Hobson, who was here looking for work, intending to attend school In the fall. It seems certain that a bullet fired at Mrs. Ross and which had lost none of Its through hitting her, struck the girl in the left side of the chest, high up, piercing the lung. Miss Melton died at mit, Joseph's hos- pital at 8:45 last night. The Mutating followed on the heels of a week or so of acute disagree. Wcrli wmms spread during the day that other prohltiltionixte were prepar- ing to write Into the bill a provinten, stricken out by the corernittee, which would prohibit a man's \using\ any little liquor he might happen to have r artund the house. Under the bill' now before the house it is extremely doubtful. a member of the judiciary committee Held today, whether a per - 'son could .give a drink of whiskey to a friend at ills own flrenide without running the risk of arrest. SENATOR LIES Skit'S iComptroller of Currency I Attack His Critics in a mania between Rose and his wife, cut- mlnating in a separation several days, ommittee Hearing. ago. temper oagnsdw;htPosii‘enw)alpio°krntnwri'lhvtaternabbesiet WASIIINGTON, jUly 16. - John looked for something aerfohe.t0 corns ( j4itiiiton Willianue comptroller of the whom thhoo appears t w o hithatv.heisiwievnirev,erny uho t currency, committee whieh iti consid- y, appearing before the senate jealous, witheout the alightea Teilli011, Ming his nomination today struck tared the Day haulm office. As he my dump.\ so far as can be aricertaintel. \If I data come back, you can have Ross left his ice cream parlor and en - passed Walter Norton, he remarked: Jura before 12 o'clock Tuesday, e ..... a 4 been at his 'critics, positied the lie to ennieer eenseor Weeks of Massachu- setts, who bitterly opposed his nom!. funds from certain Washington banks. He walked rapidly on Into the Mr. Williams announced when the kitchen, passing this Melton girl, who contrnittee adjourued tmtil next Fri. was seated near the door. She had day th „ t he would at that time reply heard that Mrs. Carl King, wife of the to ailegatione made by John Poole, proprietor of thn Day house cafe, and Frank J. Hogan, loeal hankers, wanted a Mel to look after her chit- relative to alleged discrimination dren, and had gone there to apply for against certain banks. , work. Mrs. Klieg was out for the me - Mr. Williams gave his testimony to- day after A. E. Jones, representing stocitholdern of the defitnet First Na- tional Brink of Uniontown, Penn , of which J. V. Thompson, millionaire coal land owner. was formerly presi- dent, had charged Mr. mismanagement of the blink's affairs so as to cause the stockholders a loss (Continued on Page Eight.) of $2,780,e00. MOM and the girl was asked to take a seat until she returned. Mrs. Rosa was close to the range at work, and Rose walked up to a serving table, about four feet from her. \Are you going to come with me?\ he asked. She was standing with her left tilde C ..••••••11111 nation at the last monition anti denied charges recently mnade that he had canoed the withdrawal of Red Croas Street Car Systems Call for Huge Amount of PERSHING PRAISES U S NAVY Capital Each Year. WASHINGTON, July 16. - Street railways of the United States will need a total of approximately $1,000. 000,000 each year to pretkile them to meet adequately the demands made by the pnblic, according to estimates given the federal electric rallwaye conimiesion ttxlax by W. G. Inadlee, president of the Stone and Webater management misocietIon of Boston. Mr. Bradlee declared that between $600,000,000 and $700,000,000 in new capital wail needed annually for exten- sions and improvements and prob- ably 8350,000,000 for refunding of out- standing obligations. fie said that lit - Ile had been one n e way provements in the last four years1 i owing to unusual conditions, \There are only two ways to obtain this money,\ he said, \either through , municipal ownership or through the establiehinent of some plan so -that the private investor will feel that he can count on a reasonable return if he invests in street railway securities.\ LEAVES FOR AMERICA PARIS, July 16.-- Colonel William tirbikell, U. S. A.. recently appointed high commissioner for the four great powers in Armenia departed for Ar- menia Sunday to take up his duties, says the Petit Parisian today. moHmANDS BEATEN siMI,A, lndla, July 14. (Vitt Mont.' real..)- -A body of Moimmands trying to ambirecadte revelry near Bakke re- cently were surprieed by Oajtithaa and twenty-five of the Mohmaags , were kilted and a number \minis'. AT LUNCH GIVEN IN LEINDON Briefly Recounts Actions in Which His Troops Took Part in France and Calls Attention to Fact That Germany Must Be Forced to Fulfill Every Obligation Which 14as Beets hnpoded by Peace Terms. -Morale and Discipline of Moe Has Been Source of Pride to Officers. LONDON, July 16. --General Persh- ing, +mei - lean commander-in-ehlef, wbo is In London to participate In the victory parade Sunday, went to the British war Office today, and present- ed distinguished service medals to a number of British government officers. From the war office General Persh- ing went to the hotel Savoy, where hue was a guest of the Alnerican luncimeon club He was loudly cheered when he entered the dining room and again when presented by Ambassador Davis, who was toastmaster. He thanked the club for its hospi- tality to the American soldiers when papeing through two years ago and paid high tribute to the British for their part in the war. \It must have been with a sense of great satisfaction, said GeneraPer- shing, \that you Americans living in England learned of America's entry into the war, atd with what interest yen watched the coming of our extote odious, the first, the naval contingent under Vies Adnmirel Sims, who quickly recognized that the difficulties de- manded an thereafter of meet for des- e-oyIng submarines and unity of men - mend. I give him and the navy thankt for their attitude toward the army and feel safe in saying that never before Was theie such complete unity of ac- tion between „these branches of the 9RITVICCI. \I will not undertake to tell, you what the army did. But I want yen to know that its personnel was imbued with patriotism and devotion to the - cause of liberty and filled with an ae- greasive determinatIon to carry out the will of our people at home *heti the first division. entered the battle Tine and fought a brilliant battle at Cantigny, its success set an example for tbe'future of the campaign and hail an electrical effect on our allies. \'Wien rants our efforts in the greet counter offensive at Chateau Thierry end Soissons, where with the antes we took the initiative from the enemy and mainteined it to the nut at the war. need not recall What the American airily did at St. Mt& nor Mee It fought an historically &Mitre bathe (Continued on Pars moo •