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PAGE FOUR FERGUS COUNTY DEMOCRAT THURSDAY, JULY 17, 1 919. TH1 FERGUS COUNTY DEMOCRAT Published by Democrat -News Co., Inc. The Official Paper of Fergus County Notice—In ordering your paper changed to a new address, mention old address also, to insure prompt delivery. Subscribers failing to receive their papers will please notify this office. Make cheeks and money orders nayablerto Fergus County Democrat One year, in advance Six months, in advance Three months, in advance —___ .76 For foreign subscription add postage. SUBSCRIPTION 52.00 1.26 Entered at the postoMee at Lewistown, Montana. as second-class matter. THURSDAY. JULY 17, 1919 THE ROAD BOND ISSUE. So far as this paper is informed, there is but one question relating to the proposed road bond issue which is raising any doubts in the minds of the people as to the desirability of voting for the bonds. That question goes to the manner of distributing the work which is to be done on our roads with the bond money. It stands to reason that if all of the people are to be responsible for the payment of the bonds, they are also entitled to an absolutely fair deal in the spending of that money. It will, of course, be impossible to transform all of the roads in the county into boulevards with seven hundred thousand dol- lars, or several times that sum of money, but if expended prop- erly and with due regard for the just deserts of all sections of the county, there need be hardly a community in the county which will not reap some direct, tangible results in the shape of improved highways. Not only will the improvement of our roads be of great practical benefit, but the expenditure of this large sum of money, amounting, as it will, with the additional amount provided by the government, to probably in excess of one million dollars, will be a boon to hundreds of our farmers who have experienced misfortune through the loss of crops this year. It will provide work for a great number of men with their teams ad so help to tide over this rough place many who might otherwise be compelled to leave the country. It is be- cause this paper believes that the money will be spent with due regard to the just claims of the various communities of the county that it is in favor of the bond issue. LOOKING TO THE FUTURE. Fergus county has had three poor crop years. This, the third of the trio, is the worst. It is, moreover, the worst year ever experienced by the farmers of the county since grain rais- ing became the dominant industry of this part of Montana. It would be almost impossible to conceive of more unfavorable conditions than our people have had to face this season. About the mildest winter we ever had brought no snow. The usual spring rainfall did not come.. The June rains upon which we have always depended likewise failed to materialize. There has simply been...no inoistare in the ground and the altogether marvelous thing.about the situation is that we have thousands of acres of graiu ltillgrowing and giving promise of yielding some returns. Wlien the returns are all in, it will probably be found that we have raised more grain in Fergus county 'than anybody imagined and certainly a great deal more than any other country' on earth would have raised under the same con- ditions. What's done is done and cannot be helped. Nature simply turned her face from us and we have suffered. But it is not the way.of Nature to cease permanently the distribution of her bounties. There will be other seasons when the mountains will be piled high with snow, when the rains will come as per sche- dule in March, April and June and when our foothills, valleys and great level benches will be golden with marvelous crops of grain. The man who weakens on the Judith Basin, without being absolutely compelled to do so by a succession of misfor- tunes, is going to regret his lack of faith. They will . simply join the class comprising tens of thousands of people who pulled out of Minnesota, Kansas, Nebraska and the Dakotas only to wake up a few y'ears later to discover that the land they had aban- doned was selling for fabulous prices because it was raising marvelous crops. To any man who is able to hold on, and that includes a vast majority of the residents of this county, the future holds in store a variety of promise which should serve' to chase away some of the clouds which now obscure the sky. It is altogether probable that we are passing through our most unfavorable season this year. It is an even bet that we shall do much better next season. Grain prices are certain to remain high for at least three or four years to come. The same holds good as to the prices of cattle, sheep and wool. An increasing number of our people are acquiring dairy herds. These herds will grow in size as they become more numerous and millions will event- ually be added to our annual cash income from that source alone within a few years. There are other activities which promise much for our peo- ple. This paper has it on high authority that the first im- portant piece of railway construction to be undertaken in the country will be the completion of the Great Northern's line between New Rockford and Lewistown. We have some im- portant coal deposits adjacent to Lewistown which will be opened up on a large scale within the next two or three years. There is ample reason for the hope that oil will be discovered in commercial quantities in Fergus county before the end of the present year. -With the return of normal business conditions throughout the country, there will come an increased demand for the product of the big cement plant a few miles below Lew- istown. The brick manufacturing industry in this city is forg- ing to the front rapidly as the incomparable quality of its product becomes better known among builders of the state. We beg to repeat that this county of ours is all right. It isn't any gambling proposition; it is a sure thing—for the man who sticks and keeps on trying and does not lose hope because of a temporary reverse. And because the county is so: Lewis- town is likewise all right. Give us one or two seasons such as we have a perfect right to expect; give us the railroada which are certain to come as quickly as we can get that (Yklustry un- scrambled and functioning normally; give us a few thousand head of high grade dairy cows, as we shall have before the end VICTORY LIBERTY LOAN Subscribers to the Victory Liberty Loan are hereby notified that the Second Payment ( 1 0%) is due July 1 5, 1 91 9. Please give this your prompt attention. BANK0FFERGUS COUNTY . LEVVISTOWN, MONTANA ESTABLISHED 1887 OLDEST STATE BANK IN MONTANA MEMBER FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM 1 that giant land find themselves and establish a government. worth the name and capable of giving direction to the efforts of that strange brood. Far down to the east, across Asia and into the Orient, things are happening which are causing the states- men of every great nation of the Occident constant concern. Japan, the crafty, unsentimental Prussia of the Far East, is playing a game in which may be bound up the destiny of half a billion people and having a vital bearing on the whole future of western civilization. Korea is struggling beneath the heavy heel of the brutal oppressor and Shantung may yet be the rock upon which the East and West will split. England has her Ireland; France her idle millions who are demanding work and bread; Italy's incipient revolution, the full extent of which no man can foretell, and America a score of domestic problems of tremendous bearing on her future welfare. Nobody is easy.. Governments are shaky. The world has a horrible headache' over a four-year war debauch and it is going to be a good while before the effects of the deadly spree wear off. . of five years 4give us some flowing oil, if possible, although we can get along without; give us a normal development of our mineral resources and we will very quickly show our heels to several ambitious cities of this state. But what we need right now is faith'and plenty of it—faith based not upon expectation but upon assets which have been proven over and over again. SEEKING WAYS TO HELP. The worst of three bad crop years leaves several hundred farmers of Fergus county in a most unfortunate condition and if much actual suffering is not to follow, prompt action must be taken to relieve the situation. Many of iur farmers have completely exhausted their resources including credit. They not only have no seed for planting another crop but they have no money with which to purchase seed. Even more distressful is the fact that a considerable number of them will lack the actual necessities of existence unless work is provided whereby they' can grubstake themselves. Under conditions of this sort, three agencies are usually turned to for assistance, the federal, state and county govern- ments. The possibility of federal aid is a bit remote. It may be secured but hardly in time to meet the most urgent needs of many•of our people. To a certain degree, the same may be said for any contemplated state aid. It would, therefore, seem to be up to our own people here in Fergus county to help themselves and each other. Fortunately, there are methods by which this can be accom- plished. The matter is being given earnest thought by our county officials, bankers, merchants and all other classes of our people. Very few, if any, of our farmers want or would accept charity. They desire only aki opportunity to work and earn sufficient money for their needs during the next few months and some sort of a plan devised whereby they can ob- tain seed for fall sowing. The only prqspect for providing employment seems to lie in some sort of comprehensive road improvement program. No funds are at present available for such a purpose but the plan of letting road contracts to farm- ers and issuing warrants in payment which will, in turn, be carried by the banks until the funds are forthcoming, seems feasible. The Board of Commissioners realize that such a plan has its disadvantages. If we spend all or the greater portion of our next year's road fund this year, we may be seriously handicapped when the next road building season comes along. But we are confronted with an emergency so critical in its pos- sibilities of actual suffering that we may reasonably be justified in resorting to extraordinary measures. The plan herein out- lined would involve no chances whatever if there were any assurance that the road bond issue would be favorably acted upon at the September election. That bond money would be ample to take care of all ordinary 'road building demands which would otherwise be met by the money raised by taxation. We are fortunate in that there is not another county in the state in a better situation to handle its own pressing problem than ours. Our resources are more than ample to tide us over this bad piece of going if we are able properly to mobilize and put into immediate use those resources. The spirit of our people is also of the right quality. It simply remains for us to agree upon a plan at the earliest possible date and begin at once to put that plan into execution. STORMS STILL RAGE. We are still living in a sadly troubled world. The dark clouds of revolution, the lightning of unleashed passion and the thunders of racial discord continue to keep millions in a state of dread and turmoil. There is hardly a nation or a govern- ment on earth which does not face problems strange to all pre- vious experience and bewildering complex in their ramifica- tions. Suspicion is easily aroused and difficult to allay. Mis- understandings grow up out of the most trifling circumstances. Everybody is on edge. We are all more or less overstrung, con- tentous and unreasonable. It will require months, perhaps years for the establishment of normal conditions under the new sct of circumstances which obtain throughout central and southern Europe. The Balkans are a conglomeration of quarrelsome nations whose boundaries are still undefined and of nationalities through which run strains of undying antagonism. Famine, disease, revolution and outright butchery add to the terrors of an intolerable situ- ation. Russia remains the baffling mystery of the modern world. A•clecade may pass before the miserable millions of THAT DAMAGE SUIT : The famous million dollar damage suit instituted by Henry Ford against the Chicago Tribune because that alleged \great- est newspaper in the world\ classified Henry as an anarchist has dragged through three long months and the end does not appear to be anywhere near. The attorneys who are represent- ing one of the wealthiest newspapers and probably the second wealthiest individual in this country will doubtless reap a golden harvest but that will be about the net result of the whole affair. Henry may obtain a judgment but any amount even to the full sum sued for would not enable Ford to enjoy any more of the good things of life than he is at present able to obtain. The Tribune will be able to pay a good round sum without impinging upon the bankruptcy court. Of course, it is all a matter of principle but a decision one way or the other will not alter public opinion which is generally neutral. There is really no striking difference between Ford and the Tribune. Henry was opposed to war altogether while the Tribune was strenuously opposed to war upon Germany until public senti- ment became so strong that it was compelled to abandon its pro -German attitude. The Tribune was ardently anxious that we go to war with Mexico which was doubtless exactly what Germany also wanted. Ford rather made a fool of himself while following his pacifist policy and the Tribune made a con- spicuous fool of itself by playing Germany's game prior to our entrance into the struggle. After we had entered the war, the two editors of the Tribune promptly got into the army and, so far as known, did their full duty. But Ford also got into the war and doubtless rendered a greater service to the country with his immense manufacturing industry than any other one person or corporation in the country. • He made helmets by the millions, .aeroplane engine cylinders by the tens of thousands, gun caissons by the thousands and a number of serviceable boats in addition to numerous other articles needed by the war and navy departments. Ford at least ran true to his convic- tions by refusing to accept a dollar in profits from the govern- ment for the great work he did. Nobody really thinks Ford is an anarchist simply because the Tribune said he was one and the Tribune will probably be a trifle more circumspect and certain of its facts before it indiscriminately applies that odious label in the future. • UNAVOIDABLE DUTIES. Citizenship is not a matter which simply confers bounties: it also implies obligations. These obligations may be great or small, in proportion to the position of responsibility which the citizen occupies in his community. There are many people who do not desire to escape their plain obligations through any failure to appreciate such duties but simply have an aver- sion for the contacts and personal inconveniences which the fulfillment of those obligations involve. They like their own personal work, are content to follow the paths which invite their interest and occupy their time and thought. They have merely a temperamental disinclination to break their daily routine, which is personally pleasant and agreeable, by attend- ing public meetings, serving on boards and playing a part in strictly community activities. In a way, such people are some- thing of community slackers. They permit their selfishness to stand in the way of the performance of their community' du- ties. It is true that one sometimes grows tired of the constant calls to service. They do break in at most inopportune mo- ments, now and then—moments when one is trying to solve smite problem of acute personal importance. But, after all, the fullness of life is measured not nearly so much by what we do for ourselves as what we do for others; not by what we ac- quire as by what we give. The day was when a man could go out into the wilderness and live his own life, mark out and follow his own destiny. But that day has passed. Every life now has an hundred contacts with the lives of others. No man may order his goings and comings strictly according to his own likes and dislikes. He is restrained and ordered about by a thousand factors—by ordinances, laws and moral obligations. And the best citizen is the one who, whether he is 'tempera- mentally so inclined or not, responds to the limit of his power to call to this increasing variety of community service. He may have to do many things which he woldd prefer not to do, but there is an ample reward in the confiaoualtess of a duty ful- filled. WOMEN IN MAJORITY BERLIN, Juri 16. --Fifty-four per- cent of the Voters in the last national assembly election were women. The total number of qualified voters was 37,000,000 as against, 14,000 000 in the last Reichstag elections. Young wom- en proved more ardent voters than youths of the same age. Both wings of the socialists polled forty-five and one-half percent of the total vote. -0 FIVE YEAR SENTENCE MUNICH, July 16.---(Bv the Associ- ated Press.)—Erich Toiler, a cone mitniet leader and last of the Bava- rian soviet government officials to be tried on charges arising from disor- ders in Bavaria, has been sentenced to confinement for five years in a fortress. The most important charge against him was he took a leading part in directing operation of red guards against government forces. OR. FISCHER DEAD BERLIN, July 16—Dr. Emil Fischer, professor of chemistry in the Uni- versity of Berlin, is dead. Professor Fischer gained promi- nence through his contributions to or- ganic and biological chemistry. For his work in chemistry he was award- ed the Nobel Prize in 13.12. The Elliott Cresson gold medal was award- ed him by the Franklin institute of Philadelphia in 1913. 0 -- ITALY WANTS LOANS ROME, July 16.—The Fopulo Ro- mano today urged a policy of the un- derstanding between Italy and the United States in order to obtain from America a large credit of loans and the investment of American capital in Italian Industries. a Business Cards AXEL: REFER Civil Engineer and 9urveyor U. S. Mineral Surveyor 'Phone 138; room 412. BaukElectric Building EDGAR G. WORDEN Attorney -at -Law First National Bank Building Practice in All Courts and U. S. Land Office METTLER & BRISCOE Attorneys at Law Rooms 6-7-8-9, Empire Bank Building, Lewistown, Montana. J. G. SMITH Baggage and Transfer Oftice' phone, 638 Residence 'phone, 300 Call us for quick service RAIN DEALERS HERE TOMNIROA The Northwestern Grain Dealers' convention will convene for the fifth annual meeting Friday morning at 9 a m. at the high school gymnasium. The program will be as follows: 'Friday, 9 a. m.—Convention hall registration. Call to order by the president. National anthem. Address of welcome, Charles J. Mar- shall, mayor city of Lewistown. Re- sponse for the association, John Mc- Vey. Reading of minutes by the secre- tary. President's annual address, J. R. Swift. Secretary's annual report, If. N. Stockett. Treasurer's annual re- port, H. N. Stockett. Address, \Fire Inaurance Contracts,\ C. A. Stephens. Machinery exhibits with demonstra- tions. Adjournment. 12 m, luncheon. Discussion of important matters. Afternoon, 2 p. m.—Crop reports. General discussion, handling the 1919 grain crop. Federal grading demon- strations by federal representatives with federal equipment. Collecting railroad claims, R. 0. Stewart. Mach- inery exhibits with demonstrations. Adjournment. Evening, 8 p. m.—Round table talks. Music and social features, Adjourn- ment. Saturday morning, 9 a. m.—Conven- tion hall. Address by the secretary of the Grain Dealers' National associ- ation, Charles Quinn. Vice prsisident's address, W. T. Greely. Report of aud- iting committee. Address, What Mon- tana:Nheat Means to the West and the Rest of the World, T. E. Fowler. Machinery exhibits with demonstra- tions. Adjournment. 12 m, luncheon. Discussion of important. matters. Aft. - •rnoon, 2 p. m.—Election of of- ficers. • Electinn of directors. Com- mittee reports. Addrese New Wheat Varieties, Prof. Alfred ArkinSen, ag- ronomist. Address, Work of the Bur- eau of Crop Estimates for Montana. Guy 'Fitzpatrick. Address, Personal Responsibility for Fire Losses. C. A. McCotter. Machinery exhibits with demonstrations. Adjournment. Evening, 8 p. m!—Business meeting of directors and officers. This meeting will'be one of the most important that has ever been held in Lewistown. The grain world is con- fronted with new problems such as it never has been before and the conven- tion will discuss such problems as will get the best check at normal condit- iod. Lewistown hopes to entertain the grain dealers in the very best way possible. While it is to be regretted that Lewistown will not be able to show the usual products of the Judith basin it nevertheless will be able to shown as good as any in the territory tram which these dealers come. Rooms Needed In order to properly entertain the large number of dealers that will he n the city during the two days of the convention the chamber of commerce s ,very desirious in having anyone egister any rooms in which they could ccommodate any of the visitors. Call pt he chamber of commerce at once n order to relieve this situation. I GOES TO CONFERENCE T. L. Stanley, secretary of the Lew- stown chamber of commerce left yas- terday morning for Missoula, where he in attend the conference and short course given by the University of Mqntana, for the instruction of corn- i n w i e e s r t cial club secretaries of the north- ' The short course will cover a period of three days an dwill be addressed by the best men in commercial club work from east as far as Washington,„and went as far as Seattle. This is the first time that the university has taken notice of the excellent work being )done organizations. Montana one in the state of Montana by the has the proud distinction of having the belt, organized group of commer- cial bodies in the United States and this short course was brought about 1 ni e rzcognition of their excellent ser- ic * ' After the short course there will be la conference of the secretaries from ;allIsa.....tions of Montana to help bring !about the solution of the drouth con- ditdons. This is one of the most im- 'portant and largest conferenees that i has been held on this question since I th4 drouth period started. %SUMMER COMPLAINT IN CHILDREN There Is not anything like so many deaths from this disease now as be- fore Chamberlain's Colic and Diar- rhcea Remedy came into such general use. When this remedy IS given with castor oil as directed and proper care is taken as to diet, it is safe to say that fully ninety-nine out of every hundred castes recover. Mr. W. G. Campbell of Butler, Tenn., says: \I aye used Chamberlain's Colic and Diarrhoea Remedy for summer corn. plaint in children. It is far ahead of Anything I have ever used for this IntlaMse.\ For sale by all druggists. Ii or To De COI ars tht LOST bay right brand. left js Iron with c brown on let One. d white sey, I V. ton o trip. Mrs in th day. Ed. here ness. 0. ft - oua wood W. 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