The Castle News (Castle, Mont.) 1888-1888, September 13, 1888, Image 1

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VOL. 1. —_—_ VHE CASTLE NEWS, iSTLE, MONTANA, published Bvery Thursday By SCHLOSSER BROS. | } terms: $2.00 per Year Strictly Cash in Advance. RMS POR ADVERTISING: ¢ Lin. Zin. Sim. “col. “eol teol. . sz $4 S 6 Slo $15 oo Sn } ; 00 5 7 i} ~) oo wt {no 7 9 17 20 00 of li “13 => 1 Oo i a\ is Is ot Sy OO cD ow 1 ow ts o_O ie Is 3 i 60 110 Wh tier notices will be inserted on the LS cents per line for the first inser- | per line for each insertion there * inseried for less than 81 | . mmtunications, &e.. should he ad- rik CASTLE NEWS, Castle, Mee cher Co., Montana BUSINESS DIRECTORY. cE. d. CANNEY, M. D. : San Francisco.) SURGEON AND PHYSICIAN. Lfospital and Private Practice PFLY OF CRUGS AND MEDICINES CONSTANTLY | ON HAND. A Sv CASTLE, MONTANA. ma: Norany Puatic, and Local Town Recorder. FRANK MULLEN, ~ ATTOSNEY -aT -Law. W rf n all courts in the Territory. Office in rear of Harvat's Building, corner of | Castle streets, | Castie, Monrana. | N.B. SMITH, Attorney-at-Law, Wuritr Svurrrcn Sprives, Mont. tention given to Mining Cases. W. A. KELLY, | +> FARBER <+ | Cutting, Sea Foam and shampooing WEST MAIN STREET. Ee | Ee > hie, 2? ° is e : W hiskies! JAMES FOWLIE, AGENT, | takes place. | ton gown known as a kittel. is, in northern | bridegroom by kis | their wedding, and | certain occasions, such as the Day of | Atonement and the Passover Eve celebra- neta JEWISH FUNERAL CUSToMs, BMauy of Their Most A | , Refent Mi | Observed—Pecy} tes Stilt aaa lar Ceremonies, Pee: : heir Soneued rites and observances | ews have preserved many of the most ancient customs of their race, They | still rend the upper garments in token of | bereavement, as Jacob did when in formed of the death of his favorito eon: they still seat themselves for seven days on the ground in sign of mourning as Job and his friends are represented in the Scripture tohave done. They still eat | the Juourners’ meal, as their ‘ancestors | did in Palestine; they kindle the memo- rial licht to comfort the depasted soul as they did, in all likelihood, ages befor. Judaism was known; and they still re- cite In public the mourners’ prayer, every repetition of which—according to rab- binical notions—helps tho deceased a step further out of purzatory. In the West as in the east these customs are practically the same—we mean amoung the great bulk of observant Jews. Theo | very woalthy and the more highly cul- tured members of tho synagocue a these things, 2s in many other unto themselves, s Tho Jews rigidly exclude all relatives from the chamber of a dying co-relicion- | ist. Only strangers should be present when the soul leaves the body, As soon as death occurs all the vessels in the house containing water are emptied, On the continent, in places where Jews reside, the emptying of the water vessels | in tho public roadway is the usual mode of notifying that a death has occurred. The practice had its origin, we gather from the rabbinical books, in an Old World superstition that standing water in such circumstances became the abid- ing place of certain evil spirits whose presence in the house was prejudicial both to the dead and to the living. In the interval between death and inter- ment the Jews ley the corpse upon the bare ground with the feet toward the are in Others, a law | door. The body is covered, but nothing —saving occasionally a little straw—may be placed under it. Then the two big toes are tied together. On Sabbaths it is kot, however, permitted to remove a bedy on to the floor; it would be work. But as it is sometimes necessary that this should nevertheless be done, rabbinical ingenuity has contrived a means of ac- —— | complishing it without violating the | sanctity of the day. <A loaf of bread ic | placed upon the corpse, and the two | together are lifted to the ground. It is held that only the bread has been moved, | and this is permitted on the Sabbath. Two or three hours before the inter- ment takes place the ceremonial purifica- tion of the body known as the tabara It consists merely in pour- ing seven definite measures of warm water over the body, while repeating the words: ‘ft will pour upon you cleansing waters, and yo shall be cleansed of your | uncteanliness; for of all your iniguities I will purify you.” The body is then placed in the cofiin attired ina white cot- This kittel surope, presented to a bride on the day of is worn by him on i x e arr y Std , : s ‘ . CORN LIN &e HE HTS ey tion. Itis made by the female relatives Pp oe) ee of the bride, but she herself must not CUSTLE, MONT. take part in the sewing of it. In Poland, ROBINSON HOUSE<> TOM WALLACE, PROPR. | tives are summoned. draw near and bend over the coffin; a Board h D Ww k | friend takes a sharp knife and makes a slit vat oy ay or CO@K. | in one of the outer garments of the mournere—on the right side if the de- ceased be a parent, on the left if a child. The mourner himself then rends the gar- | ment, according to the custom of the « | country. ACCOMMODATIONS FIRST CLASS. RATES REASONABLE, Gaticia, and in Russia the bridegroom al- ways wears the death garment under the wedding canopy during the performance of the marriage ceremony. kittel, the body is enveloped in the pray- ing scarf or talith used by the deceased | during life. Pesides the When this is done the ~ One by one they In the east the Jew tears the | | vestment clean acress; in England it is a7 | only torn a ple of fingers’ breadth. . LIVERY BAR NO il The a cane lant ‘te ean ae ; |} month and the mourning garment must Good In connection. Tecisaud Saddle Stock To Let. TOM WALLACE. MORE BROS. © . | | | | | | | their undergarments as well. | bo worn fer a parent fully eleven months. The Spanish and Portuguese Jews rend Except umong the German Jews—cs they are called—in this country, the last offices of the dead are performed by the members of what are termed ‘Chevrah Kadishaw” | 'or “Holy Brotherhood,” an organization | formed in every orthodox congregation only for this purpose. Proprietors of the Just as near relatives are excluded | from the death chamber, so are females | ; prohibited from attending a funeral or | = VALLEY: DAIRY ti interment. Why this should be so it is ' difficult to say. The custom of exclud- | ing women on such occasion is certainly Loca mile east of town. Customers sup | Bid pied Morning and evening with not an ancient one, since we know from | the Talmed and later rabbinicc] books : that, of old, women joined in the funeral } processions of their MILK, BUTTER, hens appropriate to the | However, nowadays they are not per- nutted to join, and the obsequies are at- | tended by males only, Europe and in parts of Russia, a father | is not allowed to be present at the inter- rusturage furnished for stock hy the day | ment of the first child he is unfortunate ' enough to lose. | Jose a second if he does, though this will ind Buttermilk. ° Wee} Y “eK or month at reasonable rates. people, chanting ceremony. In Northern | It is believed he will MONARCH« SALOON | not in itself suffice to explain the exist- ence of so strange a custom. | Jews are, however, peculiarin more than | this. It is the universal belief of ortho- | dox Hebrews that the resurrection of the J.B. Purenps, Prorn. WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS, M. T. The Polish oonere dead will take place in the Holy Land, | and therefore all bodigs will have to make Imported WINES, LJQUORS axp CIGARS. EVERYTHING FI RST-CLASS. their way underground to Palestine be- fore the day of judgment. So, to facil- | tate this task, the ‘‘Chassidim,” or ultra pious of Russia and Poland, put a fork in the hands of the deceased when he is placed in the ground—tor cofiins are only . | s Beek Ae } Fuchs & Lynch. | used in the case of a b’chor (first born) \ orakohen (one of priestly order that he may dig Lis way through amily)—in _ the ground with it and thus reach the | Holy Land, where the resurrection takes _ place. AT ROBINSON. re Chotee Line of PIN ES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS. known as the bethclam, “house of cter- , ' On leaving a cemetery—which is ‘ = eens nity,” or beth haim, “house of life”—it 15 Customary to pluck some of the | the act is forgotten, like so m | paled by the ee eee iene growing there and throw shoulder without looking back the words, “Liia’ moveth I’ netzaciy” (he will destroy death forever), Primarily the plucking of the grass had no connecs tion with the formula that now accom- panies it; but the original symbolism of any of the Lc rt . ewry.—St. practices stilt extant in James’ Gazette ete. Tea Gathering in Ceylon Tea is getting to be a great product of Ceylon and the export is already 10,000, - 009 pounds. It is claimed in behal’ of this tea that it is cleaner than Chinese or apanese tea, which is manipulated and adulterated until its quality is consider- ably deteriorated. “In Ceylon coolies pick the tea leaves, which are spread on trays to wither under cover for about a day. The withered leaf is then placed in & rolling machine, driven by power, and tviNed for an hour, and during the procers the leaves become a moist and twisted mass, out of which the expressed juice freely ros, “the leaves are then placed in trays to ferment or oxydize, during which process the y change from a green toa copper color. The subsequent ilavor and strength of the tea depend, to a Great extent, on the fermentation, which is a chemical process, the success of which is due to the weather, Firing is the next process. The tea is thinly spread on trays and placed either on charcoal stoves or in large iron drying machines, and at the end of half an hour it is thoronghly crisp and dried and has become tea, The tea is then sized by being pesced thro igh sieves of different mesh, giving the varicties of Broken Pekoe, Pekoe, Souchong, Congou and Dust. The first mentioned, which con- sists chiefly of the opening bud of the leaf, gives the strongest tea; so sirong that the other teas are mixed with it. The tea is again slightly fired to drive off any suspicion of moisture, and packed while warm in lead lined boxes. Ceylon tea may now be bought in the American market. It is extolled for its strength and flavor, and it is said that two pounds of it will go farther than three pounds of Chinese or Japanese toe. It is suid to have a fragrance that is pe- culiarly its own.—Good Housek« eping. Give Telons Their Laber. The idea is simply preposterous thet the people sout to the penitentiary should livein idleness. They should have the benefit of their labor, and if you give them the benefit of their liber they will tur out as good work as though they vere out of the tentiary. They wiil have the same reason to do their best. Consequently, poor articles, poorly con- structed things, would not come inio competition with good articles made by free people outside of the wal’s, Now many mechanics are complaining because work done in the penitentiaries is brought into competition with their work. But the only reason that convict work is cheaper is because the poor wretch who does it is robbed. The only reason that the work is poor is because the man who does it has no interest in its being good. If ha had the profit of his own labor he would do the best that was in him, and the consequence would be that the wares manufactured in the prisons would be as good as those manu- factured elsewhere. For instance, we will say here are three or four men work- ing together. They are all free men. One commits acrime and he is sent to the penitentiary. Is it possible that his companions would object to his being paid for honest work in the penitentiary? | —Col. Bob Ingersoll in New York World Interview. non of Cannrds. ula are all Leaping §& The salmon rivers of Cs | streams of swift currents, whirling rapids and high falls. The salmon seems to make its way up these streams with as much ease as he moves down. Onc of the sights in the vicinity of Quebec is the salmon leaping at the Falls of Lovette, and during Jaly many persons assemble there to see it. The fails erea succession of steep tumbles, and the water rushes over the rocks with great velocity. The salmon gather at the foot of the lower tumble, and, with marvelous leaps up the very face of the rushing waters, nake their way to the summit without apparent difficulty, gliding up the swift chutes like a flash and mounting each suecessive tumble until the grand sum- mit is reached. The Canadian will tell you that when there was no legal inter- ference with spearing, the Indians were in the habit of gathering at the foot of the falls in their birch cances and cast- ing their spears at the salmon as they leaped up the torrents, making their casts with such marvelous skill that the salmon aimed at was invariably stopped in his vaulting. career and fell back im- Indian's cruel barb,—Cor. Philadelphia News, At the Dinrer Tabte. The American Anthropologist has posi- tive views that a perfect dinner, thor- oughly good in variety, cookery, service, wsthetic appliances, culinary chemistry, roses in winter, ice in summer, and guests with educated palates, is the finest type and expression we have of the higbest civilization. ‘‘Savages cat when they can get food, and cat as long | os the food lasts. Civilization may be traced by the changing hours of refec- tion.” That is doubtful, for the rules quoted from the age of Francis I, of Franee, are better than those now in vogue: ‘Rise at 5, dine at 9, sup at 5 and couch at 9.” at meals is traced to the pre-Christian and heathen habit of placating the geds, offering them a share cf the food. Her- bert Spencer would refer it to the cus- CASTLE. MEAGHER COUNTY, MONT., THURSDAY. 8 ‘ grass | it over tho | » Tepeating | Retentions eepstipeseeee nee EPTEMBER 13, 1888. NO. 27, Coha§ todinson’s Tors ef Character. ining the Baggage Horses, Fist'ly, in the winter of 1816, the &ypsy¥ aravan, for the Buckley & Wicks | circus ras but little more, brought up at | Bostofi, s-cking shelter from the bitter | blasts*ef a fierce New England winter, in a rather comfortable. if not commodions | barn, just at the outskirts of the city, # CIRCUS MAN'S START. | | ; oe < Johny now some 13 years of age, was em- >‘? Poyed as a night watchman ata salary of $18 per month, with grave doubts of | ,! I | once, and handling uk | by the fear of discovery and instant dis- | charge, did he labor on, until in the end cver s@etng the half of it. It wasa most | fortunate engagement for him, however, as th? @equel will show. His am.- | bition, 23 we have said, was pro- | digiors and having discovered that the star o* any cireus organization at that day “Bist necessarily be a rider, he letern?¥ed to become a master of the | pad Sy, {to before the winter closed. Hor*g* f course, he had not. especially tho: waa i2ed to the purpose, es these | wery’ ally the individual property of | Ue and kept awas-from the com- NOIR as shtts~ A boy of -tehn Rov} binsen’s wonderful force of character Was not to be deterred from a purpose by a difficulty such as this. however, and the resolve of becoming an equestrian m1 made, he began Icoking rero the baggage horses—why | x0t try them? They had never “run the | i i is true, bat they could be broke, and that they once determined upon, At last the long | coveted opportunity came. One dark | night, when every cne hed left the | barn or shed, John sli yped from his ked | of straw, lighted a few tallow dips about » the practice and then brought out | the leed horse of the baggage team. | Round and round the twain kept mov- ing until nearly morn, when both rider aud steed were so thoroughly exhausted | that to move further was a matter almost impossible. The next night. or rather morning, the young Hercules was at it egeip, and rested net until day- licht. When the frst horse had been thoroughly broken a second wa: brought ont, and then a third. and finally Jolin bestriding them all at them in such a man- | liy to win the greatest re- | nown. ‘Thus, under the cover of dark- ness, unassisted, discouraged frequently a fourth, her as event he was the greatest four horse rider in the worl!. Not until the show was ready to take theroad in the spring, however, Gid the 2 ‘ious stripling present him- self to Buckley & Wicks to make known his desire to appear before the public as an cguestrian. However, when he had mustered corr- ago for the task he proposed that he be given a position aza performer, and when esked what he cant! do, told them of his achievements. When laughed at for his scemingly audacious assertion, he brought out the four horses and surprised the entire circus caravan by the boldness of bis riding. From thison he was the star cf the | Buckley & Wicks arena, and frequently related with pride the startling poster gotten out by the managers announcing his daring act. lt was a sheet cf com- ,’ 4 mon paper, about 25x42 inches in cx- i tent, printed in plain black with a rough ‘ | wood cut representing four horses in a | string, with the rider on the back of the |} tosay. The ; peared under | and as he weuld frequently add, ‘1 kept | was 4 | piece of pictori: ;ten out mm 2 | of almost the same papcr ina pair of | fitting {> ‘wheel horse.’ ‘‘They looked more like rats than horses,’ Uncle John used tartling announcement ap- ath that ‘the world fa- mous cquestrian, Jcha Robinson, Jr., would actualy ride three times around | the ring whi 1 le standing on one foot,” tight gripen the foot while I | g it.’’ This, as he frequently | declared, and his etatement is borne out by the testimony of others, was the first i rial show printing ever got- Armerica, and*some thirty years afterward, as manager of his own show, he used to carry a bundle or, two a pretty saddlebacs coing ahead to bill the coming of the civeus. Uncle Joh: ssalary at tue , . . -t¢ dailies is ime of his connection with Buckley & “te ae rie {5 a month and board, with | : | the center | rd build- Commercial Gazette. ES Thousht from Young Tien. Professor Ilenry Drummond, whose “Natural Lave in the Spiritual Werld” | made so much etir in the world, is ce- scribed to be a “tall, slim, fair’ young man, Witha trim mustache and a well cl coat, and resembling an officer of the guards rather than a lec! | turcr ata university.”” It secms to be | surprising to many that he should not be ws ] i ° . Per Vewy elderly, spectacled, shabby cnud_ cranky, but the reasonable mind will admit that | the present is just the era to expect sound : \ ns og ror | judgment and profound thought from young men, In other ages young men rave their youth to folly exclusively, and | ively. . ' heer <a } authority es a ph | 2 man's p! ' | The question of grace | tom of offering a part of cach meal to | deceased ancestors, and members of the family. Almost all customs extant have secured new meanings siuce their origin. —Globe-Democrat. were not ina state cf health at the age of 80 to see clearly or moralize cffect- feventv venrs or so gave a man ‘2° losopher, but the modern system of college athicties keeps sica) headth strong while his mind develops, so that, unless our col- legians are wilfully vicicas, the comang century should preduce a finer cet of minds snd bodies thas did ancient | Greece. —-Pittsburg Bulletin. | faving Thousands of Wears. It is interesting to trv and figure the actual extent of the advantages reaped | from modera improvements—advantages | which some people are bold enough to | call in question. Does rapid transit, for instance, really save any great amount of valuable tine? Take a city like New York, where there are perhaps 250,000 people who go cach day to and from their work, Re- membering the distances traveled] by some, it will surely be within limiis to suppose that five minutes, on the average, _ chimney pieces is avery slow process, ° | ; employed are few and simple. They are | | surface there are shafts placed perpen- | dicularly, on the lower end of which are | to expose the whole surface of the same _ to the action of the rings. | upon the floor. | iron are flat, but when we have to polish | its form and the irons are cast from that | pattern.—Stone Masen, England. | canoes, but is slumbering now. The only | evidences of action are the frequent rum- | blings that can be heard for a hundred ' snow is so Geep that the ascent is impos- | sible, even with scaling ladders, is Saved on each journey by the various means of rapid transit of which most avail themselves. This would make an | hour on the twelvo weekly journeys, and fifty-two hours, or say fi¥e working | days, in a year. For 250,000 people this means a yearly saving of 1,250,000 working days, or, | reeloning £00 working days to the year, | an ennnal economy of 4,166 years. Time is money and these are signi- eant figures. —Golden Argosy. pce enenctiisians: nine apis | HOW GRAN;TE 18 POLISHED. | hl | Putting 2 Smovth Surface on the Hard | Stone—Methods in Detail. The form is given to the stone by tho hands of skilled masons, in much the | same way as is dono with other stones of | softer nature. Of course the time re- | quired is considerably greater in the case of granite 2s compared with other stones, | If. the surface is not to bo polished, but | only fine axed, as it is called, that is done | by the use of a hemmer composed of a number of slips of steel of about a six- | Teenth OF an iNen urten, witch ad ti steely bound together, the edges being placed onthe same plane. With this tool the | workman smooths the surface of the stone by a series of taps or blows given | at aright angle to the surface operated 7 | upon, By this means the marks of the | blows as given obliquely on the surface of the stone are obliterated and a smooth | face produced. Polishing is performed by rubbing in the first place with an iron tool and with sand and water. Emery is next applied, then putty with flannel. All plain sur- | face and molding can be done by ma- chinery, but all carvings, or surfaces broken into, small portions of various elevations, are done by the hands of the oxatient Land polishers. The operation of sawing a block of granite into elabs for panels, tables or the rate of progress being about half an inch per day often hours. The machines | technically called lathes, wagons and pendulums or rubbers. The lathes are employed for the polishing of columns, the wagons for flat surface, and the pendulums for molding and such flat work as is not suitable for the wagon. In the lathes the colunin is placed and supported at each end by points, upon which it revolves. On the upper surface of the column there are laid pieces of iron, segments of the circumference of thecolumn. The weight of these pieces of iron lying upon the column, and the constant supply by the lathe attendant of sand and water, emery or putty, accord- ing to the state of finish to which the column has been brought, constitute the whole operation. While sand is used during the rougher state of the process, these irons are bare, but when using ewery and putty thesur- face of the iron next to the stone is cov- ered with thick flannel. The wagon is a carriage ranning upon rails, in which the pieces of stone to be polished ave fixed, having uppermost the surface to be operated upon. Above this fixed rings of iron. These rings rest upon the stone, and when the shaft re- velves they rub the surface of the stone. At the same time the wagon travels back- ward and forward upon the rails, so as The pendulum isa frame hung upon hinges o~— the room of the work shop. To this frame are attached iron rods, moving in a horizontal direction. In the line upon which these rods move, and under them, the stone is firmly placed Pieces of iron are then loosely attached to the rods and allowed to rest upon the surface of the stone. When the whole is set in motion, these irons ere dragged backward and forward over the surface of the stone, and so it is polished. When polishing plain surfaces, such as the needle of an obelisk, the pieces of 2 molding we make an extra pattern of Seuth America’s Tall Veleano, Cotopaxi is the loftiest of active vol- miles, and the cloud of smoke by day and the pillar ef fire by night, which con- stantly arise froma crater that is more than 3,000 feet beyond the reach of man. Many have attempted to climb the mon- ster, but the walls are so steep and the On the southern slope of Cotopexi is a | great rock, more than 2,099 feet high, | called ‘the Inca’s Head.”’ Tradition says | that it was once the summit of the vel- | cano, and fell on the day when Atahualpa was strangled by the Spaniards. Those who have seen Vesuvius can judge of the grandeur of Cotopaxi if they can imagine | a voleano 15.009 feet higher, spurting | flames and lava from a crest covered with 3,000 feet of snow, with a voice that has been heard 600 miles. And one can | judge of the grandeur of scenery on the | road to Quito if he can imagine twenty cf | | | | | the highest mountains in Aimerica, three } | i af them active volcanoes, standing along the road from Washington to New York, | -—-Amervican Magazine. 9 | Nis Pips Drew the Lichtning. “You bad better take that pipe out of | rour mouth, it will draw lightning,”’ | said a colored man near Acree, as Nellie | Lrown, the colored cock, was smoking | her pipe in the door. Instantly, there | was a blinding flash and Nellie fell dead. The lightning struck her on the top cf away her left breast as if cut off witha | knife. HIer clothes were burned qf. She was the cistcr of Jordan Harris, a noted colored preacher. The colored ning.—Atianta Constitition, | results, brings the most 2 believe the pipe drew the light. | LETHE. Lo! like a water spirit in her car, Lven as Undine or the Lerelei, We float in a dim river, you and‘f, Seeing but faintly sun or moon or star; And we shall never pierce its wind vexed bar Intc the open glory of the sky, But tho’ so near, shall never be more nigh Till past all wondering where or what we are. For this stream is called Lethe, and when we Break from the crystal bondage of our sheil Whose bubble stgength and beauty’s miracle Save for our frailty now would sct¢ us free, The Past and Future are Oblivion's free For loosing us from Life's unquiet spell. —Moreley Roberts in English Illustrated Maga- zine. Seeds of Various Weeds. Recent investigation made by collect- ingalarge number of seed vessels of various species of weeds, counting the contained seeds and then averaging the surprising figures. The average yield of the sand- bur is 2,800 seeds; of the ground cherry, 6,000; of the horse netile, 1,200; of the cocklebur, 2.009: while ile hill of the Sehr: va) ’ faymichos OFNP sceds: the Fimede eet TON OODe the Tosca 14,600; the pungent meadow grass, 150,- 000; the tumbie weed, 150,000, and the common pig weed or goosefoot sprinkles an average of 200,000 seeds to the plant each season. These numbers represent averages, and are, of course, much ex- ceeded by individpals ef the various species named, —Boston Budeet. Strange Things Prought Up. Some strange things were broaglit up from the earth while drilling wells near Albany, Ga. White pine logs were brought up from a depth of 00 feet. Mr. Merritt, ata depth of twenty-seven feet, dug through a mass of seven fect of petrified bones. They were thigh bones, ribs, finger bones, teeth, and with these remains of some forgotten race, immense bones of animals now ex- tinct. A Mr. Bowles, in digcing out for a mill foundation, eame upen the shore of an ancient ocean. This sand showed the ripples from the waves, and was covered wiih marine remains, shells, sharks’ teeth and bones ef deep sea mon- sters. —Chicago Herald. Tho Roads About Bueno; Ayres, In dry weather they are inches deep in dust, end when heavy rain comes on, they are a deep sea of liquid mud. Until one has seen the extraordinary way in which these earth roads convert them- selves into absolute bogs, one cannot fully appreciate how realistic is the story of the man who, picking his way along one of these mudways, saw a hat apparent! y floating on the surface. We kicked it with his foot, and was surprised to hear a gruff voice from un- derneath say, ‘‘Leave my hat alone!’ “Who are you?” “Who aml? Why, I’m the condue- tor on the top of an omnibus.”—~ “Zephyrs.” A Definition of Gluttony. “Gluttony,” says the Shepherd in Wil- son's ‘*‘Noctes Ambrosianze,’’ **may bo defined as an immoral and uninteilectual abandonment of the sowi o’ man to his gustative nature. I defy a brute animal to bea glutton, A swine’s no a glut- tou. Nae creatur but man can bea glut. ton, All the rest are prevented by the definition.” Not much fault can be found with this definition of gluttony, except in one rather important particular —that the craving for food is not alwags. prompted by the desire to indulge the palate, but is caused by what is virtually a disease.—New Orleans Picayune, Light in the Dark Continent, In tracing the gradual opening up of the African continent, during the last hundred years, Dr. Supan finds that the days of pioneer exploration are not yet over. A few patches of the surface have been surveyed with some care; of others we have a general knowledge, and in others lines of travel have been run through, but there are still great revions —as in parts ef the leng traveled Sahara even—that are an absolute blank to civ- lized man,—Arkansaw Traveler, Grambling and Critiefsm. Many men and women lose all the sweetness of life by giving way to a spirit of grumbling and criticism. There are many thousands surrounded with good constantly by words and acts ask- ing: *Is life worth livine?® ft is an un- profitable spirit to cultivate, and the grumbler in the marbie palace is nct so much aman or woman as the contented and happy one in the humblest. cottage, — Detroit Free Press. The Indian Girl’s Explanation. One of the Indian girls, when about to leave for her western home, stood silently apart, while her more loquacious friend rattled off all sorts of parting messages, then, with tears in her eyes, she turned the one beside her and said softly, oe. thinks of her friends on the out- side} I lave them all in my heart.”’ And she had.—Hampton (Va.) School Record. A Wall Street Carcer. The average length cf a Wall strect zareer is said to be ten years. In that time the means or vital energies of most mem are consumed in ihe furnaces of speculation. The number of those who hokl out twenty years is few, and fewer still the number who can bear the cxcite- ment for a longer period. —Chicago Her- 1 ad. ro Iiust De Rescued Gramuinntically. Me was rescuing her from the billowy waves, but it looked as if they might 2ever sce Doston again. “Told on tight, Penelope,’’ he gasped, ‘hold on tight.”’ ‘Don't say hold on tight.”’ gurgled the } the head, and then descended, tearing | zirl, with her mouth full of Atlantic... xeean; “say hold-om tightly.’’—Utica. | Sbserver. Keep the imagination sane—that is ono, of the truest conditions of communion, with heaven. —Hawthorne., CRT Es es $ oes “4 ie Pie ‘ Bek 4 ee . Bets iB ss ve ; Byer $ 7 Ff ¥ ? aie \) \ » i} f Rs } F >» » .

The Castle News (Castle, Mont.), 13 Sept. 1888, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.