Castle Reporter (Castle, Mont.) 189?-1893, September 24, 1892, Image 1

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Wi VOL CA CASTILE, MONTANA AS SEEN BY JULIAN RALPH (CONTINUED ) The result has been that when a call ‘was issued for data concerning irrigation in Montana, preliminary toa convention for the study of the subject at the open- ing of this year, it was found that tiere were already somewhere near 3,500 irri- gating ditches, the property of 500 own- ers. Some of these schemes are gigantic. In some instances the project has been to secure hot only the water, but the land it is to irrigate, and the water lords expect to reap fancy prices for the land from setth ra, in addition to rents which their great-great-great-grandehildren may fatten upon. In other cases, ouly the water is got by the men or compa- nies, and they are content to conilae themselves to the taxes they will impose on the land as fast as it is taken up. The cattle-men of Montana deery these echemes, and beg the officials and editors of the state not to discuss irrigation and amali farmiag, as, they say, settlers may be induced to come in and spoil the stock or grazing business; yet Lam told that one coapany of cattle-men has recurred miles of land and the adjacent water rights along (he Missouré against the mn evitable day when—— But the cattle business shail have another chapter. The largest irrigation scheme that is reported is thatengineered by Zichary Taylor Burton, a notable Ogure ip Mon tana. It is in Choteau county, and taps the Teton river. The main ditch is 40 miles lone, 14 feet wide at the bottom, and 18 feet at the top. The ditch con nects and fills two dead lake basins, whieh now serve as reservoirs, and are fully restored to their aucient condition, not only in beautifyivg a now blooming country, but having their surfaces black: ened with flocks of wild swan, geese ducks, gulls, and other fowl! in the seasou when those birds reach that country. Drives are to be laid around the lakes, and thetr neighborhoods are likely either 10 become pleasure rerorts or the seats of well-tode communities. This scheme Jooks forward to putting 30,000 acres under the diteh. Thos fur the cost of preparing the land for cultivation has been $ acre, and the charge for maintenance of the ditches will be about 5) conte an vere,s veer, A very peculiar and juteres:ing seheme is that of the Dearborn company, in the valley of the same name. Here is a val ley containing halfa million acres, @ sixth part of which may be cultivated. The rest is billy, and will always be graz ing land. The valley is between Fatis dnd Helena, alongside the main di- vide of the Rockies. Here are a num ber of little watercourses - the Dry,Sinumsa, Auchard, and Flat creeks—in them selves incompetent to water their little valleys. These are all to be utilized as ditches. By tapping the Dearborn river with a six-foot-deep canal, 48 feet wide, and ouly fourand a half miles long, this natural system of watercourses is connected with a supply of water fed by evernal eprings and frequent mountain snowfalls, The scheme embraces a hun dred miles of main waterways and hun dreds of miles of laterals. The greater part of the land benefited is obtainable | by homesteaders. I have spoken of the rush for water and land. Let me explain it with an i!- lustraticn. One of the most lofty and ambitious grabbers in the state was not long ago observed to be engaging in a most mysterious business. He was tuk fog women outinto the wilderness, a stage-load or two atatime. They were reputable women—school teachers, type- writers, married women, and their friends. They were taken to a large and pleasantly situated house, upon the pre text that they were to attend a ball and a dinner, and get a hundred dollars as & present. Itall proved true. Kxcarsion party after excursion party went out in this way, and when the ladles returned to the town that had thus been pillaged of its beauty, they reported that they had fared upon venison and wild-fowl, with the very best of “fixings,” and that at the balla nomber of stalwart and dashing euwboys had beeome their part- nere, tripping their light funtestic mens- ures with an enthusiasm “hich made up for avy lack of grace thet may have been noticed. The reader may fancy what a lark it was to the women, and how very much enjoyment the more mischievoas wedded ones among them got by pretending that tHiey were maid- ene, heart-whoie and free of fancy! But while those women were in the thick of thia pleasure, they each signed a formal claim to a howesteade:’s rights in the Jands thereabout. And as they “prove up” those claims in the fulness of time each willget her $100. The titles to the Jand wil) then be made over to the tn- genious inventors and backers of the (rreat scheme, and the tand will be theirs. son of Montana,“a fellow can get a dukedom if he wants i” This is an absolutely true account of the conquest of a valley in Moutana, and the future historian of our country will God mueh else that is akin to it, and that will make an interesting chapter in his records. Governor Toole, iu his message for 1891, abandons all hope of federal su pervision of this potentiality of wealth and coneiudes his remarks with the statement that he assumes it to be the province of the legislature to provide “against excessive and extortionate charges by individuals and companies engaged in the sale, rental, or distribu- fon of water, and te prevent unjust dis crimination in the disposal of the same to the pudlic.” He thinks the right of the state to regulate this matter should be awserted and maintained. He does not discuss the project of having ‘he state develop and maintain the ditches, nor does he touch upon the next best alternative—of insisting that the farm- ers who own the land shall inherit the water plants after a fixed term of years. A FEW VETIOS. Every workingman should read the following and ask himeelf whether or not he can afford to give a vole, or s half vote, even, to the man bat for whose veto many bills in the interest of the workingman would have become laws. As governor of New York Grover Cleveland vetoet the bill establishing a department of Jabor and making the se retary of sald department a cavinet officer. He vetoed the mechanie’s lien law bil making the wages of workmen engaged ia the construction of buildings a first mortgage on the property. He vetoed the life and lim) bill mak ing employers responsible fur accidents happentag from imperfect muchinery or imperfeet construction of baildings. ile vetoed a bill compelling elevated roads in New York tu conts fare He vetoed the bill making 10 hours a legal day's work for ail sireet cat em ployes He vetoed the bill abolishing convict labor in prisons, although this propos! tiew when submitted to a popular vote of the peeve was carried by 600%) mogority He vetoed the child labor bill provi- ding for the inspection of factories where children are employed and pro hibiting the employment under {4 years of age Ho signed a bill compelling the sta: tionary engineers of New York city to pay a tax of $2 a year to the police pen charge only five of childrea jmion fund or be Mebarred from following their vocation. He signed the bill reducing the fees of the New York harbor pilots, which ben- efited only foreign steamehip monpoties pe LIEUTENANT PEARY'S EXPEDITION COMPLETED. Lieutenant Peary’s expedition for exploration of Greenland, which fitted out under the auspices of Franklin institate of Philadelphia and sailed iq the spring of 1801, has reached St. Johns, Newfoundiand, on the return voyage.- Reports from that city indicate that the expedition has been extremely fortanate and successful, the only serious causality being the loss of Mr. John Voorhoof on a glacier. It car ried out Lieutenant Peary’s program al most to the letter, the ioland tee being in general smooth and easy for travel, as he had anticipatec, and the journey the was the of Peary and Astrup over the mainland | being one of the most remarkable in the history of geographical exploration. For three months they traveled over one of the most desolate regions on the face of the earth without an accident of any kind. Their journey lay over an un broken expanse of ice and suow, rising and falling in gentie undalations. They went beyond the eightieth parallel, though oot so far as Lockwood and Brainerd, of Greeley’s expedition, who carried the American fiig to tatitale 83,24, the nearest approach ever made by civilized man to the pole. No severe hardships were sustained by the expedi- tion. Lieutenant Peary broke his leg on the vovage out, and the party enffered from grip daring the winter. But all of the members, Mra. Peary incluted, were otherwise well, and the thermome- ter never sank lower than 53 degrees, 19 degrees above the lowest heretofore reg- istered. The resultein the way of ad- dition'to the knowledge of the flora and fannaof north Greenland are important, and i¢ would not be surprising if the ease With winch Peary awd Astrup made their inland journey of 1,500 miles with exceetiagiy light equi t, would lead ® a fresh outburst of the fever for Aretit exploration, Th¢ most pitiable and unhappy per- son dive ts the one who has ro work to il his powers ran to seed and he romes lazy, aimless and worthless. do. STLE MEAGHER COUNTY | j j | | ind we get the grodsin exchange, you jarm | | | WILL HE ANSWER THIS WORKING- MAN? (An open letter to Mr. Cleveland) Tothe Hon. Grover Cleveland; Sin. As the standard bearer of | party you owe to the people whose v | you solicita clear and comprehensive statement on the prospective resulia of your tariff “reform” policy, and as Bet- ther the leaders of your party nor the democratic prens have yet given any Well defined idea on a question of such Tn- port to American workmen, I herein ap peal to you, as the leading exponent ft your party, for an answer to the fuilow. ing questions: 1. Is not labor the only property whieh the working people have to exchange for the necessaries of life? 2 Are not their comforts measufed and their opportunities limited by the demand for labor and the price which i will bring? 3 Is not the unused surplus now en hand the ouly obsiacle which stands be tween the working people and constant employment? 3. Will not the demand for labor be lessened and its value reduced by adding to our owa the surplus products of the world? 5. Will not your plan of buying from cheap-labor countries divert American | capital from the employment ef Ameri can workmen at home to the employ-) ment of cheap labor in all other coun- | tries? 6, Will not your plan of bny'ng from other countries the product of cheap la- bor rob our working people of employ- meut and our trades people of their cus\ tou toJthe amount of cash seat out af} the country to psy for what we ip- | port? | | 7. Will not your plan of buying from abroad destroy confidence at home, dix courage American enterprise, frighten | cap tal out of business and disemploy | labor to the amount reqaired for the pro | duction of what we import? lopt your plan of tariff “re form,” how long can our employers con- tinue to pay us $1 for labor that can de | purchased any where else in the world! for 50 cent | S If we 9. If we open our market to cheap Ip, ber countries, wi'l a +t our employers be foresd to suspend until we Americar | workmen strike colors and come down t i the European standart of living i our democratic friends have designed for us? 10. If we send $1,000,000 to Engian' yorr know, for Eaglish goods, you kaow whic! know, and our Crisps, aud our Carlisle aud our Clevelands wear them, you know, infinitely superior t anything made in America, you know, | what will the eouutry gain? What will labor profit by the transaction? 11. If we javest the above million in the employment of our working | people, to produce a substitute for the} and they are so own | above, it would net bear an Kngtish| | trade-mark. Rat 1t would Sear the stamp | of American enterprise. Would it not] be gol enough for our shoddy aristo crates? Would not our working people be benefited? Would not our tradesmen be benefited? Would not the nation be! $1,000,000 richer by the investment? 12. Is it not an insult to the skill and geains of American workmen that creat ures whom their fabor has lifted from nothing to opulent and independent means, or whom their votes have raived from obseurity to positions of national | honor, shonld not find the product of an American loom good enough to cover their bloated carcasses? 13. Do you imagine that workingmen cannot distinguish between demvucracy and sham, or that you leaders can mis lead the intelligent workmen of the north to come down from the exalted | station to which protection has rateed them, and take their place on a platform | planued in England and adopted by the democratic party as a means to destroy | American industry to depreciate the val- | we of American labor and bring dpwn | American workmen toa level with the | enslaved labor of other nations? Your reply at length to the foregoing questions will be read with interest by many thousands of dissatisfied demo crates. Bir, I have the honor to be an inde- pendent domocrat, above all party con: siderations, aad subject only to my own | opinion as to what const tutes American democracy. Very reapectfully, James JOUNSON, 145 Sacket street, Brooklyn. Jonn Burns, the murderer of Maurice Higgins, was last Tuesday senteaced to be hanged oa November Lith, by Judge Marshall. Burns endeavored to commit suicide on Sunday morning by taking a tea-spoouful of morphine, but physi- | month, | ons REPORTER. MONTAN ARBITRATION OF LaBOR DIFFICUL- TIKS. There 1a no mistaking the —evident drift of the public mind toward enforeed arbitration, as the selution of the laber difficulties that bave oecurred in the United States in the last three or four moathe. It ia possible that no man is yet sufficiently wise or has sufficient ex perience to define in express terms, methods by which this enforced arbi. tration can be carried out, but the logic of events seems to point to this methot asthe ene most likely to fnrnish a solution. The expense to which the several states have been subjected in putting down, by foree, the riots thut have resulted from strikes is fast con- vineing the public that the state must be protected. It costs ro little sum to call thousands of men from their bast- ness, place them muder arms and sup: port them for weeks,as in the case of the late switechmen’s strike at Bufialo, when the amount involved in the first place was but afew hundred dollars a month, or,as We saw it stated some where, the pitiable sum of $100 per The misery of it ia that armed forea, while it maintains law and order for the time, does not settle the difieulty It simpty puts out the blaze, but anew at any opportune moment. When citizens cannot settle their di Mfienlties they resort to the arbitrament of courte, and if our present court system 1 of settling the loes not provide a means these questions, then civilization, if it is tomuke progress, must evolve new court eystems as it hae evolved the systems in the past, and compel the great corporations and their employes to make a full statement of the facts ip the case and submit to their decision. One thing seems perfectiy clear, the American people will maintain in the future, as they have in the past, the sacredness of private property. Another thing is equally clear, that it will not permit one class of labores, who are dissatisfied, to prevent by violence an- ther class who are wyiling, from work ing. There is possiidy no way of pre venting strikes, nor is i clear that they shou'd be prevented. We do not see why an organization composed of men who are dissatisfied shou! be prohibited from etrakiag/ oe why 2 , tie th str wok tas for higher wages has not the same right 0 persuade men from working that employer has to persuade It is not right, from working Much will be done toward robbing strikes of thei the public ite rights when of the law shall take combinntions that defy anthracite coal barons seem disposed ppel them to yield implicit obedience to the highest judicial decis ihe example of law breaking set the mto work however, to prevent them vy violence the hold courts, as th strong do, aud ¢ by these capitalists tells fearfally on the minds of the labour combinations, and if the government obedience to ita demands by force and preveuts them from robbing thetr and de stroying their property. equal justice demands that nv man, however wealth) shall be exempt from yleiding obedience u timate to the law, the the will.of the people Iowa Humestead compels employers - THE SPRINGS. Mra, W. L, Starrett is quite ill The Misses Irene attending college in Deer Lodge The Patterson beauty, and when floished and furnished will cost in the neighborhood of $5,000 The teachers’ institute will be held October 12th, 13th and Mth, and on Sat urday, the 15th, there will be a public examination, Mrs and Lula Kelly are residence is to be a she took the Northerm Pacific yesterday for a two months’ visit in her old home in Chicago Dr. and Mra, MeKay had quite a severe accident by & runaway team one day last week The doctor's old wounds were hurt over again quite badly and | Mra. McKay's ankle was pat out of joiat. | She is, however, doing olcety and will be about ja a week or so. —Husbandman From the News Dr. Hampton made a visit to Helena this week on his wheel. He is a great lover of cycling Considerable coal is being hauled in from the Bevens and Thomp-on coal banks, and it looks like a great many families may adopt coal tustead of wood The republicans of this vicinity held a meeting Wednesday night with a very good attendance. D. K, Folsom, Fietcher Maddox, N.C. Barnum and L. L. Calla way entertained the audience for about an hour. —eo— Montana gets $50,000 of the last ap: propriation of congress for the survey of cians saved his Ife. public lards. A, SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 24 I892 a et | organization was effs ted by theelecs i leaves | the fire smouldering, ready to burst out | r terrors and securing to | of the | expression of | R. N. Sutherlin was a passenger | on Tuesday's coach for Townsend where | . an 2 NOS Highest of all in Leavening Power.— Latest U. S. Gov't Report. Baki Reval Powder ABSGLUTELY PURE PEOPLE'S PARTY CONV.NTION. Representatives of the people's party | 1, 0.0. F , The sovereign grand lodge of the Odd met in convention “ ¥ hite Sulphur | Fellows at Portiand, Ore., Sept. 20th, Springs last Wedoesaay. A temporary tollowing officers: on | elected the Grand . sice, C.F. Camphell, amdon, { | of Jerry Fitzgerald as chairdmn and W.) , a & hee. Oe; P. De Ream as secretary The diff rent deputy, J. W. Stebbinn, of Rochester. ; » Mrent) ~ y.: secretary, Theodore A. Ross, of committees were then appointed, and | luwt \ L ue ) at r saa Ss - the convention took a reeess of 20 min- | slumbus, Ohio: treasurer, Tease Shep pard, of Philadelphia. The grand sire’s utes to give the committees time to re: | port. The temporary orgamzation was anounl! report shows a net inerease of |}made permanent. The wom: ations | #ctual lodge membership, in 1891, of were then proceeded with: } 48,907 This was the largest increase For Sheriff, aoe made in a siagle year iu the history HENRY WILSON, of Neihart. of the order. The total lodge member- Clerk and Recorder, ship is 721.146, and including Sisters of N. J. LirT Lesoun, of Custie. | Rebekah lodges, 802.801 Expenditures For Treasurer. t 1801 were $3,176,382; Dempsey, of Neilmrt. aggrega ¢ r-venue of lodges and evcamp: For | me ta, $77 2; inerea-e of $183,000 Wa. Pye, of number of | for relief during Joun Q Assessor, White Sulphur Springs. }over previous year Phe Superiatendent of Schovis, leantous of Patriarchs Militant is 648; Miss Ross, of Barker. rumber of chevaltiers 25900, The Fe- Conaty Comantsioners | mainder of the Caywad epent te. me: E. N. Epwaans, of Castle, | ceptions, ete Bie Wa. £. Kiros, of Barker, PROMIBITION STATE TICKET ace els | The follow ng state ticket was vomi- z rfat ‘ sated by the Montana prohibitionists ia £. Spnicus, of Tk seud, A. FE. SPRiGGs, Towppscyd | eonvention, at Bozeman, the 10th inst. Geo. EK. GUNN of Neifart, % ‘ : ' B. KR. Adkins, of Cascade, for congress; o homin atio . were nade fur the fol | Dr. 4. M. Waters, of Gallatin, for gover i Mees, b i t cenirs > _. lowing offices, but the cwumty central) i. prof J.C. Templeton, of Lewis and committee were instructed te fi) them)... See: - i Clarke, for lieutenant governor; E. M appointment by appointment lq rdiner. of Gallatin, for secretary of | State sevnater, cuunty|attorney, clerk | ; | of district court, pubiiq administrator state; Hon. A. M. Crobley Gallatin, county surveyor, Coronet, and judge of | treasurer; Fra ik aie Park, \ this district. peomiies Mrs. Eva M. Hunter, of Park, for Geo Haley, of White mr Springs, | @Hveriarte lent of public instruction; | was elected chairman e° the central jane M. Peets, of Lewis and Clarke, for | comin rites. ” clerk of che #uprétae court, George W | The following resolutions were re Highemit f Gallatin, W Orr, of ported by the committee anid passed | Case und Massena Bullerd, of Lewis Resolved—That the rights and privil. | aud Clark for presidential electors. | eges of the people as a W e are pa —- ‘ 2 |= unt to those any corporation of (OORATIC COUNTY TICKET | monopoly, and we heartily denounce| The following ticket was nom natel | any system of faveritiom ‘lass legis- | last Saturday at White Sulphar Springs lation. by the county democracy Resolved —That we, ! | For state senator, E. L. Murphy, of | tives of the people's party Neihart county fa convention assem od, hi ty I epresentarives, W. E. Tierney, of pledge our hearty support to the prine Townsend, ant W. H. Satheriin, of ples embodied in the pla 4 ted | White Sulphur Springs by the national people's eouve For sheriff, James O'Marr, of White tion and state convention y Sulphur Springs lorse James B. Weaver us our standard Fo ~asurer, J. C, Tipton, of White bearer and party leader and as ene wh will carry out, to the best of his ability Sulphur Springs For clerk of district court, (rzorgs the principles enunciated in our plat Walwork, of Castle Mountain 4 ‘ yaa ou 4 s. orms form For clerk and recorder, A. W. Schrei- Resolved—That we denounce the dem- ; ocratic and repudlicans parties for the ber of Diamond vity. | ae lack of justice they have shown the For county attorney, Powell Black states of tue great northwest by the} For assessor, J.J, Hemuessy, of White | misleading and equivora!l planks in Stiphur Springs ‘their platforms relating to the free For county commissioners, JS. Kelly. le inage of silver W. D. McCormick and Wm. Tierney. | Resolved —That we heartily denounce| For pu administrator, Dr. J. L- the endorsement of any candidate now | Belcher, o fTowusend. on the republican or democratic t kets For couaty superintendent of schools, tesolved—That the people's party cen- | Mrs. L. Baker. | tral committee of Meagher county be and are, hereby authorized to fill any vacancy that may occur on the people's party ticket in and for sa i county for | | the year 802 } Resolved —That we use our leavors to have justice meted out te all McH. MeKay. A motion prevailed requiring the cen tral committee to fill any vacancies that act with Park county democrats ia nominat ing a candidate for district judge Sixth list rict For coroner, Dr might oceur on the ticket; also to limest en To have all just laws enforced, and to cas | malataio and perpetuate a government DARE NOT PARTICULARIZE c on a eS The free trade orator and organ never va jescend to particulars. They fight shy DODGING AND HIDING THE ISSUE | The demoeratic campaign will be con | | ducted this year upon that party's well peor le The trade as @ of the argument in the concrete. Other wise we should be pleased to see them tackle the effects of protection on the | pottery industry, But there is | single [ree trade newspaper in the coun try that dare disenss the reletion of the tariff te the eroekery trade.—Treaton | S.ate Gazette worn plan of fouling the barefaced adoption of free cardinal principle of | at the Chicage convention began to have its effeet, and democratic hot @ democratic faith has already speakers have begun as usu al to dodge j} and to hide the issue Chicago | platform was s free trade leelaration for “tariff for revenue only” is free trade, accordin: to definition of Adan inet 4 GOOD JOVERN MENT. Heections of the past year t $2.67 per capita—not such 4 SMALL PRI The The tariff e were 61 the ae Smith, Ricardo, Mill and atl the fre remendons price to pay fer the best : ! : wsties. ~ Wares ter (Mass.) Spy governnient ou earth. The per capita of re wos les. = pater (Mass.) Spy. ae - ‘ tariff collected has vet beea so low siacs Another large drive of 7,000 catile ta ie war forced a great debt aad iaverest | | jast been pit on the lower Milk river j} range. We are informed that they come | principally from Wyoming aad Fergus | county. The cattle which were loaded |)... shipped three cars of ore, and will at Chinook during the present week for | : continue shipping. The Qaeen of thy the Chieagy market, vy prouoanced } tills has kept her regular bill of oue car equal to any ever shipped from the Mov-| or ore a d ay.— Neihart Herald. tava range.— Hel na Herald, i | | account on the people. onenn> The Ingeravll miae ‘shipped its firet cariuad of ore last week. The Mouton

Castle Reporter (Castle, Mont.), 24 Sept. 1892, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.