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The Montanian, Yol. XII, No. 48. CHOTE AU, TETON COUNTY, MONTANA, MARCH-28, 1902. Teton Chronicle, Yol. V, No. 34. J. E. ERICKSON, A ttorney-at-Law , • “ Notary Public, ' v. CHÒTEAU, - . MONTANA. J b G. BAIR, , Attorney-atr Law, CHOTEAU, MONTANA. CO. 0 9 - GREAT FALLS, MONT. (Unincorporated.) Paid up capital .................. $ 100,000 Individual responsibility... 2,000,000 JAMES SULGROVE, Attorney anil Counselor at Law, Notary Public. CHOTEAU, . Court House. MONTANA. T. BROOKS, Physician & 'Surgeon. Succossor to Wainsloy 4 Brooks. Ofl'co Next .to Court House. yS^G: WARNER, U. S. Commissioner, CHOTEAU, MONT. Land filings and proofs. yyA L T E R MATHEWS, U. S. COMMISSIONER, COUNTY SURVEYOR, Telephone No. 27. CHOTEAU, MONTANA. Olaf C. Fjeld. Land, Reservoir and Ditch Sur veying a specialty. SHELBY. - - MONT. Dr. EARLE STRAIN, OCULIST ant AUBIST, 317 First Avenue North, GREAT FALLS, MONT. Office Hours: 1 p. m. to á p.,m. J. W . SHIELDS, O. E. Land Locations. Reservoir Sites. Canal and ditch surveying. Full List o f Vacant School Lands OFFICE, CHOTEAU, MONT. CHEVALIER LODGE NO. 12, O f IP. Meets Every Thursday Evening. Vii’tiuK Brothron Cordially Invited to Attend. W. J. D obeinoton , C. C. j D b . T. B rooks , K. o f B AS. Choteau Laundry Best Work in the State on White Stirts and Collars. Prices Reasonable. J. II. Perman.Agt C. P. Crane, Manager. .Telephone 12. Choteau, Mont. WHEN YOU VISIT HELENA HAVE YOUR Taken at TAYLOR’S H. BEAUPRE, D E N T I S T Teeth Extracted With out Pain. All work Guaranteed. CHOTEAU. MONTANA. GET YOUR EXPRESS Via Choteau & Great Falls Stage. Daily, except Sunday. Ratee reasonable. Paeaenger fare $3.50. Tyypg. A, S m ith , Agent. MCCOLLUM Export Opticinn and Eyo Spocialiet. Grad uato of thè Chicago Opthalmic Colloso. Tv G reat F u t a , y . wenty-three years experience in refrac tion. Office at Residence, 509 Second Avenue. South, M o r t a s a G R A V E S & CÖ ., CHOTEAU, MONT, j ; /AGENTS FOR ; MABY” W. G. CONRAD, Pres. JAMES T. STANFORD, Vico Pros, and Manager. P. KELLY, Cashier. ti CIGARS, The Beet in thé W o r ld. This bank solicits accounts, and offers to depositors absolute security, prompt and careful attention, and the most liberal treatment consistent with Bafe and profitable banking. Buys and sells foreign exchange, drawing direct on all principal Amer ican and European cities, and issues its own Letters of Credit. Interest paid on time deposits. The highest cash price paid for ap proved state, county, city and school bonds and warrants G. F. & C. TIME TABLE. Tuesday * Tuesday Thursday Thursday Saturday Saturday North Stations. South P.M. P.M. 10 5 5 . . . . . . 8 15 9 4 5 . . . . . . . 9 45 8 3 0 . . . . Tyrrell’s Lake .. ..11 05 8 1 0 . . . ....1 1 25 7 2 5 . . . . . ..12 10 6 2 5 . . . . . . . 1 05 5 50.. / . Sweet Grass . . . . . 1 45 5 OO 7 . . . . . 2 45 4 10.. .. Rocky Springs .. .. 3 45 3 1 5 . . . . ShelbyJunction . . . . 4 45 DAILY. DAILY. 2 5 0 . . . ShelbyJunction . . . 5 10 2 0 0 . . . . . . G 05 12 40) 12 25 } ' . *Pondera. .. 1 7 30 ' } 7 50 11 3 0 . . . . '. . . 8 45 10 4 5 ... .. *Collins. . . . . . . 9 35 10 1 5 . . . . .Clark’s Spur. ...1 0 15 9 1 0 . . . . . ..11 20 8 3 5 .. .. . Vaughan .. ...1 2 01 7 5 5 . . . >. ..12 40 7 4 5 ... . Great Falls . .. .12 50 A.M. A.M. White M e ^ Ma^- Becom e Indians For Perfect-Fittim Glasses ani ARTIFICIAL EYES Cessait PROF. J, GOLDSTEIN, Eye Socialist, 213 1-2 CENTRAL AVENUE, GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, a» $ $ yft ^ . . THE . . . & HOTEL flORTON DUPUVER, nONT. tùi Re-Opened Under New Man agement. © © © The only Hrst-Class Hotel in Dupuycr. Board by the Day or Week at Reasonable Rates'. W . D. HAGEN, Prop. © ■ - O-restt F a lls IsÆorrt Lumber, Lath, Shingles, Builders Hardware, Building P a p e r , Mouldings, Sash, Doors, Etc. <02 Write for Special Prices on Carloads F. O. B ^ your nearest Railroad Station. GEO. R. WOOD, , Manager. Telephone 70. 200 Fifth Ave. S G. M. Till & Co. -:OF:- COLLINS, MONTANA, Handle The BEST BRANDS Of NjWlNES, LIQUORS And| yxr*~ ^CIGARS. This Firm Also Runs A —:FEED STABLE:--' At Oollins With A Good Man In Charge, And Anyone De siring To Leave A Team With them Can do so Know ing That They W ill Be Given The Best Of Care. Rough Rider, Natural. Leaf, and ; Little Rough Rider h a n d ’ m a d e QI^AR^. : Bertha Kostalak, M f’g, 115.2d St. Sk !f' v GreatFall8. Close connection make at Shelby with all trains on the G. N. Ry. Close connection made on Tues days, Thursdays and Saturdays at Lethbridge, with all trains in the C. P. R . , #Meals. Thè Teton Exchange. Choteau, Mont. This is the finest ap pointed saloon in north ern Montana. We have on hand the finest brands o f Wines, Liquors and Cigars. Tiie Celebrated Pabst Export Beer On tap a r i d in bottles. DAVIS BROS., Proprietors.- THE' CASCADE BANK of G r e a t F a lls, Mont. ('Incorporated under tbo laws of Montani April 5,1 Capital - - $ 7 5 ,00 0 . Surplus - - - 15,000. 8. E. Atkinson President. ; Jacob Switzer Vlce-Presldont. F. P. Atkinson Cashier, W. W. Miller Asslstan Cashier. DIHECTOIiS: 8. E. Atkinson. F. P. Atkinson. Poter Larson John J. Ellis, Jacob Switzer, W. W. Miller A renerai banking buslnoss transacted. In* •ereit allowed on time deDosIts. GOLD, SILVER AND NICKEL PLATING Before the New Year com mences I expect to be pre pared to do first class work in gold, silver and nickel plating at reason able prices. Send or bring mo your knivee, forks, spoons and other articles of daily nse and have tl^em plated and save scrubbing and ;ub- bipg. F. H. FEDERHEN, LjUPUYER, MONT. To The Publio. T 9 my friends and patrons of Teton county I wish to state I am better prepared than any studio ¡ d Great Falls to do you'first class work. Wo haye the largest and finest equipped studio in the state.- We employ four first class assistants and our work ig acknowledge^ t(ie best jn the city. We invite you to call and see us when in Great Fails. ,. W. H. C linkenbeard , ' StudkrLa Grande, 218 Cental Are. Under a recent decision of the court o f appeals'for the District of Columbia,,a white man adopted into & d Indian tribe isj entitled to all-the rights of an Indian in the matter of the allotment o f land. The case at issue involved the^ rights of 11 while men to secure allotments on the Wichita Indian reservation, inlndiaD territory.r.Each of these individuals, who claims to be a member of the Wichita tribe by adoption, brought suit against the secretary of the in terior to compel him to approve of certain allotments Of quarter sections of land to which they claimed they were entitled under an agreement whereby the United States promised to allot to each member of the’ tribe certain tracts of land. The petitioners showod that they were adopted momborsof the Wichita tribe; that they bad lived on these landB for many years, and had made valuable improvements thereon. When thoy, with other members of the tribe, agreod to relinquish the bulk of their reservation to the United States, it was understood that each Indian should first havo tbo right to select a tract of 1G0 acros as his allot ment. In accordance with this agreement, the eleven adopted mem bers of the tribe duly made selections of their quarter sections. When the cases came before the intorior de partment, Secretary .Hitchcock with held his approval of these eleven selections on tho ground that the petitioners were not membors of tbo Wichita tiibe, and henco, not entitled to allotments. Tbo supreme court for the District of Columbia dismissed the appeals on tho ground that the action of the secretary was judicial in its nature, aud could not be reviewed npr con trolled by the courts. This court denied the petitioner’s application for a writ, of mandamus to compel the secretary to ratify the allotment of certain lauds to them. In its opinion the court also upheld the secretary’s decision that a tribe of Indians is without the power or authority to adopt a wkito man. The court of appeals, in reversing the lower court, hold that tho power aud authority of a tribe to adopt cannot bo denied, in view of tbo history of Indian tribes for 250 years past, and the recognition uniformly given by tho government to their acts of adoption. This decision practically puts the matter of tribal members ontirelv in tbo control of tribes themselves, and gives those tribes a greater freedom in tbe management of their own af fairs than they have heretofore en joyed. The decision will likewise affect a largo number of white men, heretofore adopted as members of various tribes, whose right to secure allotments has been denied by the department. Lands are United States Property. A decision by Attorney General Knox, announced a few days ago, holds that the public lands in Porto Rico formerly belonged to Spain and by virtue of the treaty of Paris now belong to the United States. The opinion was renderod at the request of tbe secretary of the interior for a ruling as to whether the so called public lauds of Porto Rico were ceded as crown lands to tbe United States by tbe Paris treaty or remain the property of Porto Rico aa state lands. Western Range Horses. Tho usual idea associated with the western branded horses is the mus tang, cayuse or broncho, which a decade ago were distributed through the western states in car lots and traiDload consignments. They were offered everywhere in almost count less numbers until their - values felj below the cost pf transportation, feed, commissions and incidental expenses of salo. Ranchmen who' were bur ation. Canneries were equipped and thousands of them found a sale in tho markets of tho old world as horse beef. Their rauks were decimated by wolves and mouulain lious and they were ruthlessly slaughtered as worthless incumbrances of tbo west ern ranges. Tbe process of depletion has nearly exterminated the cayuso which foaturod the markets a docado or more ago. While the western ranges nro ad mirably adapted to producing excel lent horses, stockmen roalize (hut only classified grados are now profit able to break. Tbo almost record prices of cattle and sheep has croaled a demand for tho rangos that has accelerated the extirpation of tho old-time westorn broncho. Fruits of Our Civil War. m s m m denecLwith myriads o f tneae ncmde-. script horses, with no>/demand for them, began acam p aignof extennin- ' i r f S I l L : ÎSSÎFÆ ïî Professor Golwin Smith asks in tho March Atlantic what havo been tbo fruits of a war which cost tho north alone, in different ways, probably $5,000,000,000, besides a ponsiou list which amounted to $1>10,000,(11)0 thirty-threo years aftor tho war; this in addition to all tho havoc, waste and suspension of industry; wbilo ou tho northern side alono 275,000 men, either fell in battle or diod in tho hospitals. Slavery has boon legally abolished. Tho sontonoo of humanity seat, and as the senators filed by Davis called them off as Adam had named tho animals in tbe morning of tho world: Thoro came tbe jackall, tbo vulture, tbo sheep-killing dog, the gorilla, tbe crocodile, the buzzard, tho old hen, tho dovo, tho turkey gobbler, aud as tho big hulk of a greedy westerner, coarse, sodden and and growling, came swinging in very hoavily, Judge Davis pointed his stubby foroiingcr at tbe uiau aud said: “A-wolf, sir, a damn, hungry, skulking, cowardly wolf, sir.” It was a pretty bad lot, tho sonato of thorn days. Pow d e rly G o e s Out. Cut Price For Shearing. Tho executive eomtnilloo of the Northern Montana Woolgrowors’ association has fixed tho price which tho sheopmon of northern Montana will payr por head for shoaring or tlioir flocks for tho com tiling soason. “ For tho soason of 1902 wo will pay (! cents por head for yearlings, 7 cents per head for shoep, and chargo 75 cents per day for bourd,” is the ultimatum of tho woolgrowors, and for the first tiino since the beginning of tho sheep industry’ in northern Montana tho men who own tho sheep havo deeidod to stand logothor on a cortain figure to bo paid tho shearers. Heretofore il lies boon tbo men who The position of commissioner gen eral of immigration has been ten dered by the president to Frank P. Sargent, chief of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen, to succeed T. V. Powderly, the incumbent. It is understood the reason for the president’s action in desiring to re lieve Mr. Powderly is because he baa not workod in harmony with tbe higher officials of the treasury de partment, which has resulted in more or less friction. It has also been determined to re lieve Thos. Fritchio, commissioner at New York, and hie associate, Edward F. McSweenoy. The changes, it is said, will take effect April 1, although it is not given out who will succeed tho two latter officials. Kaiser Bars A m erican Meats. New York, March 22.—The news has just been received that a decree has been signed by Kaiser Wilhelm, which debars all fresh and canned beef, bacon, hams and pork. The docroe, which takes effect the 1st of September next, was signed three days after tho departure of Prince Henry from this'country. The pro hibition is based on the grounds that borax and boric acid have been used iu presorviug tbo debarred meats. Oddly enough, experiments by this and the German government, show that boric acid not only keops fresh food in its natural state, but causes it to remain a wholesome article. No deleterious offects to health havo been noted, it is said. 1,500 At H o rse-M e a t Banquet. Fifteen hundred people sat at a bauquet in Paris recontly at which the flesh o f horses, bssob and ^ u les was tho principal viand. The ban quet was given by tbo horse butchers and their wivos. One of tbe horses that contributed to tbe repast had won many a stoeplechaso at Autouil. M. Zavaret, who presided, dcclarod tho horso to bo tbo cleanest animal iu its foed, and that it was an un reasonable prejudice that existed against horsoilosh, while people voraciously dovour pork, which is tho flesh of tbe most unclean of animals, and mackerol, which is the scavenger o f tho seas. The commit tee in chargo of tho affair announced that it intonded to hold a* fat-horse procossion at Easter. —Butchers’ Advocate. on it has been exocuted. Its hideous slave codos haye boon swopt from the statute book of man. But tbo fif teenth amendment is trampled under foot, and no one is found to - uphold it, while tho relation notween tho races is in some rospocts worso than ever. Tho ono clear gain is that tho extension of slavery has boon pre vented. Tho 8lavo owner’s vision of dominion ovor Mexico, Cuba and tbo West Indies might otherwise havo been fulfilled; his land hunger would have lent a spur to his ambition, and it is difficult to say by what bis career could havo boon barred. Received Heavy Sentences. Havana, March 24.—Tbo trials be fore the audencia court of tho cases arising from the embezzloment of Cuban postal funds have resulted in the following sentences: C. W. F- Neely, 10 years imprison ment and pay a fine of $5G,70L W. H. Reeves, IQ years imprison ment and a fine o f $35,51C. Estes G. Rathbono, 10 years im prisonment and a fine of $35,32.4. y, 9, Senate as Noah’s Ark. have fixed prices which shall bo paid them, and tho prices havo generally beou in tho neighborhood of 8 cents por lioad and SI por day for board, so that tho 'present figures will be something, of a cut. Last season of tbo sheepmen of Choteau and Valloy counties endeavored to fix a figure, but.tboy failed to Btand togolhor, and tho cut fell by the way. In tho present instance tho majority, if not all of the shoep ownors of northern Montana, stand together, and will back tho action of tbe executive committee, which was taken at a mooting of that body bold in this city Tuesday last.— Groat Falls Leader. President Has A c c e p ted. Washington, March 24.—President Roosevelt has accepted tbe inyilation to deliver tho memorial address at the National cemetery at Arlington May 30. T o The Public. Sw o re V e n g o n o e On .Rival. The Uoitod Stales Senate,* when Harrison entered it, was not exactly a sanctuary of sweetness and light. There were senators present then who were improving eac(\ shining 1 - * hour. As senators they were making the dysert blossom as tho rose, and as priyate citizens they wore retailing the blossoms at handsome prices, saya William White, in ' tho Cosmopolitan. Judge David.' Davis sat with Harrison tho day H t a t/h e came into the chamber tö: 0 akö;his Vienna, 111., March 22.—At a spell ing match givon at tho school house at Double Bridges, Simpson town ship, this county, a desporate shoot ing affray ocurrod. Frank Rushing and John Adams, two young men of tho neighborhood had been paying their respects to the same young lady and sho had told Adams that she would have no more to do with him. This so enraged him that he swore vengeance on his rival, it is said. At the close of the exercises, as Rushing cam® out of tho school house door, young Adams walked up behind him without a word o f warn- ning and shot Rushing in tho back. Rushing fell off tue porch and Adams shot him twice after he had fallen, Inflicting fatal wounds. Adams tjion shot Greely Jones, the teacher of tho district, inflicting a slight wound in- the shoulder, after which he escai Department of the Intenor, . United Statos Land Office, Helena, Mont., March 24, 1902. To Whom it May Concern: Tbo approved plats of the surveys of Townships 37 north, Ranges 4, 5 and C west, havo been received at this offico. By letter “ E ” of September 7,1898, the Hon. Commissioner o f the General Land Offico reserved the land in said townships from adverse appropria tion by settlement or otherwise, on application of the Governor of Mon tana, which application was filed in the General Land Office, August 31, 1898, from the date of the filing o f said application for 60 days from the . filing of the official plats' o f the sur vey o f said townships in this office. • Notice is hereby given that the said plats will be filed in this office on April 30,1902, and on and after that date the Register and Receiver will be prepared to receive applications 1 for the entry o f lands in said town-\ ships from those persons whose rights were initiated prior to' Aug. 31,1898, aud from the State o f Mon-! tana; and on and after June 30; 1 9 0 ^ ^ g i | ( r applications will be receivedf frbm talif^lf^ other qualified applicants. vt aped, ;> *: » . ... . . . . G eorge D. G rerwr , Register.-- ' < -— ----- -,— Subscribe for The /Mohtànian and>ifM'ïf Chrònlcle-rf2.00perjeàr.