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•-'l-'ftr‘«iSjîv' 'V_1V'^-'^'. r&a \1 X ; \ \ H i ß M a i t a n i a n t a n d C h C o i n i < J j ■ 1 ■■ r 1.1* ' 1 ;■ ‘ , . ~ Sf ~ , r. '<J •• ‘ o l e . - - ■' ■ o s -V >» •: . The Montánian, Vol. XII, No. 50. .„ » » . s - \ > ' **' CHOTEAU, TETON COUNTY;.MONTANA, APRIL 11, 1902. . . * N , .. , ' ^ •’ • Teton Chronicle, Vol. V, No. 36. - t i . - 1 J. E. ERICKSON, Attorney-at-Law, Notary Public, CHOTEAU, - MONTANA. J G. BAIR, A tto r n e y -a t -L a w ,- CHOTEAU, . MONTANA. JAMES SULGROVE, Attorney'¡ni'Counselor at Law, ^Notary Pabilo. Court House. CHOTEAU, • MONTANA. T. BROOKS, Physician & Surgeon. Bucce,»or to WainBloy & Brooks. OfFce Next to Court House. ^ C.WARNER, U. S . C o m m issioner, . CHOTEAU, MONT. Land filings and proofs. ijy A L T E R M A T H E W S , U. S. COMMISSIONER, COUNTY SURVEYOR, Telephone No. 27. CHOTEAU, MONTANA. Olaf C . F jeld . Land, Reservoir and Ditch Sur. veying a specialty. SH E L B Y . - - MONT. Dr. EARLE ST R A I N , OCULIST and AURIST, 317 First Avenue North, G R E A T FALLS, M O N T . Office Hours: 1 p. m. to 4 p. m. J. W . SHIELDS, O. E. Land Locations. Reservoir Sites. Canal and ditch surveying. Full Listof Vacant School Lands - 6 - ' OFFICE, CHOTEAU, MONT. CH EVALIER A LODGE NO. 12, K . o f F . Meets Every Thursday Evening. - Visiting Brotbron Cordially Invited to Attend. W. J. D obkingtok , C. C.~ . D b . T. B books , K. of B 4 c S. Choteau Laundry lest Work in the State on White Stil ts and Collars. ’rices Reasonable. J. H. Perraan.Agt C. P. Crane, Manager, telephone 12. ' v Choteau, Mont. WHEN YOU VISIT HELENA HAVE YOUR Taken at TAYLOR'S H. BEAUPRE, I B Î T T I S T Teeth Extracted With- Pain. All work Guaranteed. JHOTEAU. MONTANA. GET YOUR EXPRESS Via Choteau & Great F alls Stage, , Daily, except Sunday. Rates reasonable. Passenger fare $3.50. T hob . A. S mith , Agent. DR. d. 3 : MCCOLLUM Expert Optician and Byo Specialist. 'Grad uate of the Chicago MPtlialmic Uollogo. Twenty-three yt G reat F alls , »»enty-three yoar» experieuco in rcfrac tion. „ ., Office at Reamonco, 509 Second Avenue. Sonth, . . - M ontana co: 0 9 - GREAT FALLS, MONT. \ (Unincorporated.) Paid up capita l....' ........... $ 100,000 Individual responsibility.'.. 2,000,000 W. G. CONRAD, Pres. JAMES T. STANFORD, Vice Pres, and Manager.' P. KELLY, Cashier. - -This bank solicits accounts, and offers to depositors absolute security, prompt and careful attention, and the most liberal treatment consistent with safe and profitable banking^ Buys and sells foreign exchange, drawing direct on all principal Amer ican and European cities, and issues its own Letters of Credit. Interest paid on time deposits. The highest cash price paid for ap proved state, county, city and school bonds and warrants - For Perfect-Fitting Classes and A R T IFIC IA L EYES Cflnsnlt PROF. J. GOLDSTEIN, Eye-Specialist, 213 1-2 CENTRAL AVENUE, GREAT FALLS. MONTANA, THE HOTEL ITORTON OUPUYER. nONT. Re-Opened Under New Man agement. The only I’irst-Class Hotel in Dupuyer. Hoard by the Day or Week ''''.'at Reasonable Rates. W . D. HAGEN, Prop. G r e a t F a l l s M o n t GRAVES & , CQ.. 0HQTEAU, MONT. AGENTS FOB “QUIEN MART” CIGARS, The Beet in'the W orld. ; Lum b e r , .Lath, Shingles, Builders Hardware, Building P a p e r , M o u ldings, Sash, Doors, Etc. Write for Special Prices on Carloads F. O. B your nearest Railroad Station. GEO. R. W O O D , M a n a g e r. Telephone 70. 200 Fifth Ave. S G. M. Till & Co: -:OF:- COLLINS, MONTANA, Handle The BEST BRANDS Of ^W IN E S , LIQUORS And 2CIGARS. This Firm Also Runs A ~:FEED STABLE:— Y At Collins WiQi A Good Man In „Charge, And Anyone De siring To Leave A T^a? 1 W ith them Can do so Know ing That They W ill Be Given The Best O f Care. R o u g h Rider, Natural Leaf, and Little Rough Rider HAND MADE CIGARS. Bertha Ko$t$lak, Mf 115 2d St. S.', Great Falls. Tuesday Tuesday Thursday Thursday Saturday Saturday North Stations. South P.M. p.sr. 10 5 5 . . . . .... 8 15 9 4 5 . . . . ___ 9 45 8 30 ___ Tyrrell’s Lake . . . . 1 1 05 : 8 1 0 . . . . . . Br'unton .. . . . . 1 1 25 7 2 5 . . . . ....1 2 10 6 2 5 . . . . 5 5 0 . . . . .Sweet Grass . ___ 1 45 5 0 0 . . . . . . . . 2 45 4 1 0 . . . . Rocky Springs . . .. 3 45 3 1 5 . . . . ShelbyJunction . . . . 4 45 DAILY. ' DAILY. 2 5 0 . . . . ShelbyJunction. . . . 5 10 2 0 0 . . . . . . . 6.05 12 40 1 - 12 2 5 J ' . ’ Pondera. .. 1 7 30 ' J 7 50 11 3 0 . . .. . . . . 8 45 10 4 5 . . . .. ’ Collins. . . . . . . . 9 35 10 1 5 . . . . .Clark’s Spur. . . . . 1 0 15 9 i o . . .: ....1 1 20 8 3 5 . . . . . Vaughan .. ...1 2 01 7 5 5 . . . ...1 2 40 7 4 5 .'.. . Great Falls . .. .12 50 A.M. A.M. Hirshberg Brothers Bankers, Choteau, Montana. We .solicit accounts, and offer to the public. the most liberal treat ment consistent with safe banking. We buy and sell exchange on all the principal American and European .cities, and issue letters of credit. G. F. & C. TIME TABLE. Close connection make at Shelby with all trains on the G. N. Ry. Close connection made on Tues days, Thursdays and Saturdays at Lethbridge, with all trains in the C. P. R. ’ Meals. The Teton Exchange. Choteau, Mont. This ia the finest ap pointed saloon in north ern Montana. We have on hand the finest brands o f Wines, Liquors and Cigars. The Celebrated Pabst Export Beer On tap and in bottles. DAVIS BROS., Proprietors. GOLD, SILVER ANO NICKEL PLATING Before the New Year corn- men cee I expect to be pre-- pared to do first class work in gold, silver and nickel plating at reason able prioea. Send or bring me your knives forks, spoons and other articles of daily use and have them plated and savC aerubbii-g and rob bing. F. H. FEDERHEN, QyPYVPR, mqn T t hiMiiwiW KW iiaiwawnuHiws T o T h w a r t T h e C a n u c k s And Aid And B e n e fit Montana. Homes for as many people as wero within the boundaries of the stute of Montana 12 years ago maybe created by the expenditure of $3,500,000 and by the expenditure of $5.70 per aero 522,000 acres of land in the territory near to GrentFalls maybe made worth at least $25 per acre, yielding large To-The Public. To my friends and patrons of Teton county I wish to .state I am better prepared than apy studio in Great Fqlis to tjo jou $r*t c)asg work. We hay? the largest and finest equipped studio in the. state. .We employ four first class assistants and our work is acknowledged the best in the city. We invite yon to call and see us when ig GreAtfitlhi W . H. OlINKNBEASD,' Studio La Grande, 218 Cental Ave. crops every year, regardless of rain fall; providing sustenance for 150,000 or more people, and causing northern Montana to be one of the most pros perous agricultural communities iu the United States. Such is the re port of the geological survey after a thorough investigation, and such is the proof submitted to congress in support of the bill appropriating a large sum for the construction of a canal that will make the Milk river, how a stream of ever-varying flow, a mighty river, capable at all seasons of supplying all tho water needed for the irrigation of more than 3,000 good ranches of ICO acres each. This holds true-of the driest season over known iu tho stato, and iu yoars of normal rainfall, tho oxislonce of such a canal would rnako highly product ive more than a million acres of land over much of which now range cattle or sheep. The principal tributaries of the Milk river are the north and south forks; crossing the international boundary 22 miles apart, running in a general northeasterly direction from their souco. The north fork,' for many miles flows through a canyon with stoep sides, while the south fork meanders through a wide vulloy for a great portion of its course. The Milk river proper fljwa through (he Canudiuu territory outwardly for 100 miles, uud thou turns south and re enlors tho United Smle-t. Its (low tu Il-tvro, varies at different seasons, from 320 to 41,000 minors inches and at times it gives practically no walei fo.* irrigation }Mli[iu.iaa,S,Ull6ttt ollu r times it affords water for thousand* of acres of tho most productive lands ia the United States. In northern Tolon county, not far from the headwaters of tho Milk, lies the beautiful St. Marys lake, covering an area of moro than 0,400 acres. By the construction of a dam, exports have ascertained, tho water of this lake may be raised 20 feet, giving a water capacity sufficient for tho irri gation of 250,000 acres. Tho proposed St. Marys diversion canal is for the purpose of taking tho water of St. Marys river, which now flows into tributaries ofHudson bay, across gravel ridges to the Milk river and thus causing it eventually to reach tho Gulf of .Mexico. Tho engi neers estimate that the cost of divert ing water sufficient to iirigato 120,000 acres would bo $030,000, if it wore carried to tho north fork of tho Milk, and $1,173,000, if carried to tho south fork. When tho surveys for tho diversion were first begun, it was planned to carry the water to tho south fork of Milk river and let it follow tho nat ural channel of that stream, -furnish ing means of irrigation for only the lands along that river, amounting to about 120,000 acres; but Samuel Fortier, director of the agricultural experiment station at Bozeman and one of the best irrigation engineers in the country, visited tho region through which it is proposed to run the canal, and after traveling over the entire proposed route, he made recommendation that have been ap proved by tho department and which, jf congress will make the desired ap propriation, will result not only in increasing and making constant the flow of Milk river, but will furnish means of irrigation for at least 522,000 acres, of which 402,000 acres do not lie along Milk river and are now non-: jrrigqble. The plans' submitted by Mr. Fortier contemplate tho reclama tion of lands that all lie within the territory tributary to . Great Falls, and his suggestion, if adopted, will prevent tho possible Jiyersioq of the Water by the Canadians. By his plans it is proposed to carry the canal down the St. Marys six miles to Spider creek and lake and thence to the north fork of Milk river, a distance of 27.4 miles, at a cost of $689,000, crossing tho north fork by an invortod siphon with au arch of 171 feet, and then to run to the south fork at a total cost of $1,730,000 for a caual of 43.S miles. The canal is then to run northeast to Macleod gap, with a maximum cut ting of 167 feet, which may bo done by hydraulic dredging, and over n gently undulating country for eight miles, and continuing until, at a dis lance of 64 miles from tho hoad, the canal would roach tho top of a bluff, from which there would bo necessary a grade drop of 205 foot. After this drop, tho canal would be continued through tho basin of Cut Bank croek, a tributary of tho Marias river, to that crook, and down that croek and tho Marias would flow tho waters diverted from St. Marys lake continuing for a 109 milos and Ihon boiDg redivorted from tho Marias by a canal near Willow crook, not far from Concord. From the Marias, near Willow croek a now canal could bo easily constructed eastward to Big Sandy creek, down which tho water could bo conveyed to Milk river above Huvro. Tho length of this Marias redtvorsiou caual would bo 75 milos and its cost priyato outerp’riso, but the flooc waters come in torrents, flow on to the Missouri and in the space of 10 days the flow of Milk river may do- croaso from 40,000 to 2,000 miners iuchos. By regulation of the floods by a system of reservoirs, all water may bo held until needed, and all throughout tho irrigating seasou there would bo iu the Marias and in tho Milk sufficient to irrigate all lands irrigublo from those streams. Tho diversion to tho Marias would not deprive anyoue now usiug water for irrigation of his share; tho flow of Milk river in tlioso soctions whore irrigation is uow practiced would bo increased, and the lands irrigated would bo moro than four times as groat in aroa as would bo irrigated if tho water of St. Murys wero carried diroetly to Milk rivor and not to tho Marias. Uudor tho now plans Cunada would liavo no opportunity to divert tho wator, uud tho storage in St. Murys lako would all go to beuolit citizons of tho country and stato iu which tho lake lies. The proposed caual would rnuko surely productive overy yoar thous ands of acres surrounding and tribu tary to Great Falls, Cut Bank, Shelly, Conrad. Big Sandy, Havre, Chinook, Glasgow, Fort Benton, and it would result iu tho founding of many new THE VICTOR’S PALM. Wouldst try for world awards, Hope not all sunshine and «aim; A stormy trail They have to scale, Who would wave the victor’s palm. Aspire and the world retracts, Stand by and you’re let alone; To only such As aim to clutch The prize is resistance ahown. Succeed and the world applauds, Fail aud you reap but sneers; For in the race For foremost place The victor reaps the cheers. J ohn A. K ennedy . Both Sides Lost Heavily. The British losses jn the engage- moot in the neighborhood of Hart’s river in the southwestern extremity of tho Transvaal, March 31, wore three officers and 24 men killed and 16 o f ficers and 131 men wounded. The ac tion occurred at Doornbalt farm, a fow miles south of the scene of Gen eral Dolarey’s dofeat of General Methuen. Tho Boers, who were com manded by Generals Kemp and Pot- giotor attacked with great determin ation, but the Canadian contingent, which was the last to arrive in South JOS. IllUSlIltlUiO \ i-O., (.I M 'I O I , MKIti-IIANUISU, CHOTEAU. is estimated at $810,000, and to sup- towns in Tolon and Choteau counties, ploment this work llioro should bo ^ It would make of importance sueh constructed reservoirs, with supply railway stations as Blackfoot, Bultic, canals, at a cost of $900.000, making ^ Concord, Gululit, Chester aud Box tho grand total cost of tho system ' Elder and then transform Lonesome $3,500,000. By the system out lined Pmiriojriio gardens. 525,000 acros could bo irrigated in the ! It would iu< reuse the population of driest season. Tho cost of construe- northern Montanu by moro than tho tion would bo uot to oxcood $6.70 per i number of peoplo uow iu thecountios acre, which is remarkably low whon'of Choteau, Cascade, Toton and it is considered that, in many parts of Montana, as much $1 per ucro is paid for ouo season’s irrigation, and 20 conts por aero per yoar is tho low est cost of irrigation anywboro in tho state. Careful measurements of llioir flow for a series of years show that tho Milk, St. Marys and Marias rivers aloDe carry wator, in tho dries! soason sufficient to irrigate 522,000 acres with all the wator required to insuro tho best crops, the St. Marys alone being capable of supplying irrigating water for 300,000 acros. By tho sys tom proposed by Mr. Fortier and Valiev.—Tribune. About H o rses. I doubt if auy single causo for fre quent invectivo was groator among Hie mounted troops in South Africa than llio Argontino horko. Clumsy mulo-carcd creatures they have neith er spirit nor speed. If it is indood a truth that South Africa. is a land where human logs wero never meant to bo used if horses wore avaiiablo to transport their ownors, it was now abundantly proved that nature never intended the Argontino breed to sup- ply the local deficiency says a writer adopted by the geological Buryoy in in the Empire Review. On a hard lieu o f its own plans, thoro would bo, march they lay down aud died, made tributary to Milk river not only They had no spirit to make any tho St. Marys and the Marias, but J effort. They rosignod themselves also Big Sandy and Sage creeks and surlily to their ow nera And to havo numerous mountain streams that your now steed, obtained with such carry much water at certain timos. ' The cost o f each portion of tho system summarized, is as follows: $686,600 4SG.40Ö 460.000 810.000 900,000 To North Fork, 27.4 milos To South Fork, 16.4 milos To Cut Bank, 47 miles Marias redivorsion, 75 miles Reservoirs The construction of the proposed canals, with reservoirs to be supplied from them, will not only mcreaso greatly the flow of the Milk and tho Marias rivers, but it will prevent floods in those Btreams. At present there is often in each of those rivers much more water than is required for the irrigation of lands that may be reached by canals constructed by infinilo labor from tho reluctant clutches of tho remount depot after tho exerciso of persuasive powers of no mean order on the commandant thereof, quietly collapse after a fow days’ march is not an occurauce favorable to stoicism. At the begin ning of tho campaign half o f one of our companies rode forty-two miles one day in Rill marching order,cover ing tho last thirty miles at trot and gallop with scarcely a. halt. Every one of their Capo ponies reached its destination. To have attempted half that distance on Argentines at tho same pace would have boea to havo strewn tho track with mournful dorelict. . Africa, from Canada, and two squad rons of yeomanry under Colonel - Kier, presented such a stout front that the boughers wore finally forced to retreat. The casualty list shows that tho second Canadian mounted rifles had four officers wounded, nine men killod and 40 men wounded. T o Tho Public. Department of tho Interior, United States Land Office, Helona, Mont., March 24, 1902. To Whom it May Con corn: Tho approvod plats of the surveys of Townships 37 north, Ranges 4, 5 and 6 west, have been received at this office. By letter “ E ” of September?, 1898, the Hon. Commissioner o f the General Land Offico reserved the land in said townships from adverse appropria tion by settlement or otherwise, on application of the Governor of Mon tana, which application was filed in tho General Land Office, August 31, 1898, from the date of the filing of said application for 60 days from the filing of the official plats of the sur vey o f said townships in this office. Notice is hereby given that the said plats will be filed in this office on April 30, 1902, and on and after that date the Register and Receiver will bo prepared to receive applications for the entry of lands in said town ships from those persons whose rights were initiated prior to Aug. ’ 31, 189S, and from the State of Mon- ' tana; and on and after June 30,1903^ ' applications \Will be received from all other qualified applicants. G eorge D. G beene , Register. ;' CHURCH ANNOUNCEM E N TS» Singing class Monday night.1 Sunday school at 10:30 a. n>. \ Prayer and League service Thdr§*fpi day night. \r3 y m m