The Montanian and Chronicle (Choteau, Mont.) 1901-1903, December 05, 1902, Image 6

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Ing that with access to these sound- Irgs It could complete Its cable much sooner than If It were required to take- soundings upon its own account. Pending consideration of this subtec' it appeared Important and desirable to attach certain conditions to the permission to examine and use the soundings, if it should be granted In consequence of tills solicitation of the cable company, certain conditions were formulated, upon which the pres­ ident was willing to allow access tc these soundings and to consent to the landing and laying of the cable, sub­ ject to any alterations or additions thereto imposed by the congress. This was deemed proper, especially as it wa§ clear thut a cable connection of teme kind with f ’hlna, a foreign coun­ try, was ;• part of the company's plan. This course was, moreover, in accord­ ance with a line of precedents, includ­ ing President Grant’s action In the case of the tirst French cable, ex­ plained to th< congress in Ills annual message of 1».-comber, 1875, and the in­ stance ocruriing in 1879. of the second French cable from Brest to Hi. l’ierre, \, ith a brain It to Gape Cod. These conditions prescribed, among ether things, a maximum rate for commercial messages and that the com­ pany should construct a line from the Philippine Islands to China, there he­ ir.g at present, as Is well known, a British line from Manila to Hongkong. The representatives of the cable rom- tany kept these conditions long un­ iter consideration, continuing, In the meantime, to prepare for laying the ('able. They have, however, at length acced­ ed to them, and an all-American line between our Pacific coast and the Chinese empire, by way of Honolulu and the Philippine Islands, is thus provided for. and Is expected within a few months to be ready for business. Among the conditions Is one reserv­ ing the power of the congress to mod- 11 y or repeal arry or all of them. A copy of the conditions is herewith transmitted. Of P o r t o Ilic o . Of Porto Rico it is only necessary to say that the prosperity of the Island and the wisdom with which It has been governed have been such ns to tncke it serve as an example of all that is best In insular administration. THE PHILIPPINES Our Policy Has Vindicated Itself in Signal Manner. On .July 7 last, on tin- ‘-tu- hundred roil twa nly-sixth a-inii ••rsm > of t lie uei filiation of our indi pendolici, pt-ac > .•ml amnesty wete promulga led in the Philippine Islands Some trouble has since from time to thin this at-n-d with th<- Mohammedan Moms, but the late insui rei tion.uj Filipinos lire war has eutimlj i eased ( ’iiil gol - i . niuo’it (las now been lntmdueed X< t only does ••;oh Fillpii o i-n.l n •oieii lights to lift lilertj, and lie- pursuit, in' happiness as lie has nevi r before known during the recorded history of the Islands, but llu- peoph. talon as a whole now enjoy ¡1 measure of self- government greater than that granted to any Orientals by any foreign pow­ er and greater then that enjoyed by I oy otli'T Orientals unii* r their own governments, wive the .Japanese alone We have not gone loo tar in grantim, tinse rights of litui ly uul self-gov- II wnenl, but ivi h a i- eei talnly com to the limit that in the Interests of the I’htllppin'- pi oph- themselves It was 1 , i.sfc 01 just to go. To hurry matter-! to go faster timi, we are now going, would entail --alamlty on the people of the islands No policy i n i 1 titered into by the American people lias vindh ateo Itself in more •bc.!i;-l maimei than tlu- policy of holding the Philippines. Tin- tri­ umph of our arms, above all llu- tri­ umph of our laws am’ ji-lnelples has wmi- snonei th .,11 we had any right to expect. Too much praise can not lie given to the army for what It has doni In the Philippines both in warfare and tiom u^i administrative standpoint in preparing the way for eiul govern­ ment. and similar credit belongs to the civil authorities for the way in which they nave planted tin s* eds, of s--lf- goverument in the ground thus made ready for them. The courage, the un­ flinching endurance, the high soldierly' < Ifielency, and the general kind-heart­ edness and humanity of our troops have been strikingly manifested. Then- now remain only some fifteen iltoiiK.jnd troops in the Islands All told, over one hundred thousand have l-een sent there Of course, there have been individual instances of wrong­ doing among them. They watred undei fearful difficulties of climate and sur- rcundings, and under the strain of the terrible provocations which they con­ tinually received from their, oc- Instances of cruel retaliation 1 eeurreil. livery' effort has been made to pr-iint such i-rreltles and finally’ lliese eft’oi ts have been completely successful Fiery effort has also been made to delec t and punish the wrong­ doers After making all allowance for these misdeeds, it remains true that feiv Indeed have been the instances iti which u-ir has been waged by a civ­ ilized power against semlcii ilizeil or barbarous forces where iliere has been k i little wrongdoing by In- victors us in the Philippine Islands. On the other hand the amount of dilfieuit, Import­ ant. and beneficent work which lias been done Is well-nigh Incalculable. Taking tin- work of the army and lit« ei\it auilmritU-s together, it may tie questioned whether anywhere else in modern times the world has seen a 1 bettor example of real constructive j statesmanship than our people have given In the Philippine Islands High I praise should also ho given those Fil- ! Iplnos, In the aggregate very numei - ! ous, who have accepted the new cun- , dit’loiiK and joined with our represent.'!- I lives to work with hearty good will ! for the welfare of the islands. knowledge of their profession. They deserve every consideration that can be shown them. But there are not enough of them. It Is no more poss­ ible to improvise a crew than It is j-ossible to Improvise a war ship. To build the finest ship, with the dead­ liest battery, and to send it afloat with a raw crew, no matter how brave they were Individually, would be to insure disaster If a foe of average ca­ pacity were encountered. Neither ships nor men can be improvised when war has begun. We need a thousand additional offi­ cers In order to properly man the ships now provided for and under construc­ tion. The classes ut the naval school at Annapolis should be greatly enlarg­ ed. At the same time that we thus add the oillcers where we need them, we should facilitate the retirement of those at the head of the list whose use­ fulness has become impaired. Promo­ tion must be fostered If -the service Is to be kept efficient. The lamentable scarcity of officers, and the large number of recruits und of unskilled men necessarily put aboard the new vessels as they have been commissioned, has thrown upon our officers, and especially’ on the lieu­ tenants and junior grades, unusual la­ bor and fatigue and has greatly strain- eu their powers of endurance. Nor 1 « there sign of any immediate let-up In this strain. It must continue for some time longer, until more officers are graduated from Annapolis, and until the recruits become trained and skillful in their duties. In these diffi­ culties incident upon the development of our war fleet the conduct of all our officers has been creditable to the service, and the lieutenants and jun­ ior grades in particular have displayed an ability and a steadfast cheerfulness which entitles them to the ungrudging thanks of all who realize the dis­ heartening trials and fatigues to which they are of necessity subjected. There is not a cloud on the horizon at present. There seems not the slight­ est chance of trouble with a foreign power. W e most earnestly hope that this state of things may' continue! and the way to insure its continuance Is to provide for a thoroughly efficient navy. The refusal to maintain such a navy would invite trouble, and if trou­ ble came would Insure disaster. Fatu­ ous self-complacency' of vanity, or short-sightedness In refusing to pre- pure for danger, Is both foolish and wicked In such a nation as ours; and past experience has shown that such fatuity In refusing to recognize or prepare for any crisis in advance Is usually succeeded by a mad panic of hysterical fear once the crisis has ac­ tually arrived. POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT A Striking Increase Shown in the Revenues. The striking Increase in the revenues of the postoffice department shows clearly the prosperity of our people and the increasing activity of the bus­ iness of the country. The receipts of the postonico de­ partment for the fiscal year ending Jine 30 last amounted to $121,S4S,017.2(5. an increase of $10,21G,S53.S7 over the preceding year, the largest Increase known In the history of the postal ser­ vice. The magnitude of this increase nill best appear from the fart that the entire postal receipts for the year Pfill amounted to hut $8,518,087 Iturai free delivery service is no longer in the experimental stage •: lii.s become a fixed poljc.y. The results f< llowlng Its Introduction have fully justified the congress in the large up- I ropriatlons made for its establish- iiu nt and extension. The average year­ ly increase In postofllce receipts it: 1 I 11 rural districts of the country is about tuo pet cent We are non able, by actual results, lo show timi ubere rural free-delivery service has been established to such an extent as to < natile us to make comparisons the yearly Increase has been upward of ten 1 er cent. On November 1, 1902, 11,650 rural free- deltvery routes had been established and were in operation, covering about one-third of the territory’ of the United States available for rural free- delivery service. There are now await­ ing the action of the department peti­ tions and applications for the estab­ lishment of 10,718 additional routes. This shows conclusively’ the want which the estUblisliment of the ser­ vice lias met and the need of further extending it as rapidly as possible It is justified both by the financial re­ sults and by the practical benefits to our rural population. It brings the men who llu- on the soil Into close ro­ ll tion with the active business world, ir keeps the farmer In dally touch with the markets, it Is a potential educa­ tional force, it enhances the value of farm property, makes farm life fai pleasanter and less Isolated, and will do much to check the boilesirabl' cur- icnt from country to city. It is to he hoped that the congress will make liberal appropriations for the continuance of the service already established and for Its further exten­ sion. gone on at the same time with pro­ gress In wealth and education, so that there are plenty' 06 men with varying degrees of purity of Indian blood who are absolutely Indistinguishable In point of social, political, and economic ability' from their white associates. There are other tribes which have as yet made no perceptible advance to­ ward such equality. To try to force such tribes too fast Is to prevent their going forward at all. Moreover, the tribes live under widely different con­ ditions. Where a tribe has made con­ siderable advance and lives on fertile farming soil it Is possible-to allot the members lands in severalty much as is the case with white settlers. There are other tribes where such a course Is not desirable. On the arid prairie lands the effort should be to induce the Indians to lead pastoral rather than agricultural lives, and to permit them to settle In villages rather than to force them Into isolation. The large Indian schools situated remote from any Indian reservation do a special and peculiar work of great Importance. But, excellent though these are, an Immense amount of ad­ ditional work must be done on the res­ ervations themselves among the old, and above all among the young, Indi­ ans. The first and most important step toward the absorption of the Indian Is to teach hirfi’ fq earn * 1 hi s' Jiving; yet it is not necessarily to lié assumed that In each commünlty ali Indians must become either tillers o t the soil c-r stock raisers. Their industries may properly be .diversified, and thofeé who show special \desire or adaptability for Industrial or even commercial pursuits should be encouraged so far as prac­ ticable to follow out each his own bent. Every effort should be made to de­ velop the Indian along the Unes of natural aptitude, and to encourage the existing native industries peculiar to certain tribes, such as the various kinds of basket weaving, canoe build­ ing, smith work, and blanket work. Above all, the Indian boys and girls should ordinarily be prepared for a vigorous struggle with the conditions under which their people live, rather than for Immediate absorption Into some more highly developed commun­ ity. The officials who represent the gov­ ernment in dealing with the Indians work under hard conditions, and also under conditions which render it easy to do wrong and very difficult to de­ tect wrong. Consequently they should be amply paid on the one hand, and on the other hand a particularly high standard of conduct should be de­ manded from them, and where miscon­ duct can lie proved the punishment should be exemplary’. AID TO FARMERS IRRIGATION AND LANDS Public Lands Should Be Held for Home Builders. OUR ARMY It Is Very Small for Size of the Nation. The army’ lias been reduced to the tit In 1m tint iillowcil by Ian. It Is very mail loi tie- size ni Hie imlion. and 1 , tist (ertainly should be kept at the point of ellleleney The senior oh leers me give 11 séant chance under ordinary conditions to exercise com­ mands commensurate with their rank, ruder circumstances which would lit them to do their duty in time of acl- t:,:l war. A system of maneuvering our army in bodies of some little size 1ms been begun ami should lie steadily con­ tinued. Without such maneuvers It is folly to expect that in the event of hos­ tilities with any serious foe even a -in.ill army corps could be bundled to adiaiitnge. o l’.tli our officers mul enlist­ ed men aii such that we can take li-urty pride in them No better ma­ terial can lie loimd Hut they musl be thoroughly trained both as individuals and in the mass The marksmanship of the men must loreivc special atten­ tion In the t iremnstanees of modern warfare the man must act far more on Ids nun Individual responsibility Ulan ei-er le-fori , and the high individual of- !li leney of llu- unit is of tile utmost Formerly tins unit was tlie regiment it is now not the regi­ ment, not even the troops or company, it Is tile individual soldier. Every ef­ fort must b- made to develop every t uorkinanliki and soldierly quality in both the officer and the enlisted man 1 urgently call your attention to the need of passing a bill pmv filing for a general staff and for the reorganiz­ ation of the supply dep.irtnn tits on the lines of the bill proposed by the sec­ retary of war last year. When the young officers enter the army from West Point they probably stand above their eoinjiers in any other military service. Every effort should be made by training, by reward of merit, by scrutiny into their careers and capn city, to Iteeli them of the same high relative excellence throughout their careers. The measure providing for the re oiganlzatlon of the militia system and lor securing the highest efficiency In the national guard, which has already passed the house, should receive prompt mention and action, it Is of great importance that the militia and the national guard to the militia and \ 1 du 11 ie 1 _r forces of the United States (-I mild lie defined, and that in place of our present obsolete laws a practical and efficient system should be adopted. Provision should be made to enable the secretary of war to keep cavalry and artillery horses, worn-out In long performance of duty. Such horses fetch hut a trifle when sold, and rather than turn them out to the misery awaiting them when thus disposed of, it would lie better to employ them at light work around the posts, and when necessary to put them painlessly to death OUR NAVY The Only Shots That Count Are Those That Hit. For the first time in our history nu- vul maneuvers on u large scale are being held under the Immediate com­ mand of the admiral of the navy 1 \«in­ stantly increasing attention Is being paid to the gunnery of the navy, but U Is yet far from ivhut It should he. I earnestly urge that Hie increase ask­ ed for by the secretary of the navy in the appropriation for improving the marksmanship be granted. In battle the only shots that count are the shots that hit. It is necessary to provide ample funds for practice with the great guns in time of peace. These Hinds must provide not only for the purchase of projectiles, hut for allow­ ances for prizes to encourage the gun <nws, an«l especially the gun pointers, and for perfecting an intelligent sys­ tem under which alone It Is possible to get good practice. There should he no halt in the work of building tip the navy, providing every year additional fighting craft. We are a very rich «wintry, vast in extent of territory and great in pop­ ulation: a country, moreover which has an army diminutive indeed when compared with that of any other first- class power. We have deliberately made our own certain foreign policies which demand the possession of a tlrsteluss navy. The isthmian canal will greatly Increase the efficiency of our navy if the navy is of sufficient size; but If we have an inadequate navy, then the building of the canal would be merely giving a hostage to any power of superior strength. The Mon­ roe doctrine should bo treated us the cardinal feature of American foreign policy, hut it would be worse than idle to assert It unless we intended to back It up. nnd it can be backed up only by a thoroughly good navy. A good navy Is not a provocative of war. It Is the surest guaranty of peace. Eabh individual unit of mir navy should be the most efficient of Its kind ns regards both material and personnel that Is to be found in the world. I call your attention to the need of provid­ ing for the manning of the ships. Se­ rious trouble threatens us if we can not do better than we are now doing ns regards securing the services or a sufficient number of the highest type of sallorinen, of sea mechanics. The veteran seamen of our war ships are of ns high a type as can he found in any navy which rides the waters of the world: they are unsurpassed In daring, in resolution, in .shadiness. In thorough Few subjects of more importance have been taken up by the congress in recent years than the inauguration of the system of imtlonally-afiled irriga­ tion for the arid regions of the far west. A good beginning therein has been made. Now that this policy of national irrigation has been adopted. I lie need of thorough and scientific torest protection will grow more rap- filly than ever throughout the publle- lainl states. Uonislutlon should be prov Idcd for the protection of the game, and the wlfii ventures generally on the forest reserves. The senseless slaughter of game, which can be judicious protec­ tion be permanently preserved on our national reserves, for the people as a whole, should be stopped at once. It is for instance, a serious count against our go.d s msc to permit 'lie present p.-aetfi e of bn cboring off su- J; a stately anil lie..utifn! creature is the elk for its antlers or tusks. Ho far ns they arc- available for agri- «u.tlire, and to t>h:i.i-ui exl-Mit they iv> tie reclaim».''! 1 : ii!-r t. e national |-i f H o n law, the remaining 1 til Me •a’, ’ s should he held rigidly for the home builder, the settler who lives on Ills land, and for no one else. In their actual use the desert-land law. the timber and stone law. and the commu­ tation clause of the homestead law 1 nve been so perverted from the Inten­ tion with which they were enacted as to permit .he acquisition of largo areas of the pahi’c domain for other than ac­ tual settlers and the consequent pre­ vention of settlement. Moreover, the approaching exhaus­ tion of the public ranges has of late led to much discussion as to the best manner of using these public lands In ■ the west which are suitable chiefly or only for grazing. The sound nnd steady development of the west de­ pends upon the building up of homes therein. Much of our prosperity as a nation has been due to the operation of the homestead law. On the other hand, we should recognize the fact that in the grazing region the man w.lio corresponds to the homesteader may be unable to settle permanently If only allowed to use the same amount of plus ture land that his brother, the homesteader, is allowed to vise of arable land. One hundred and sixty acres of fairly rich and well-watered soil, or a much smaller amount of irri­ gated land, may keep a family In plenty, whereas no one could get a living from one hundred and sixty acres of dry pasture land capable of supporting at the outside only om­ inad of cattle to every ten acres In the past great tracts of the pub­ lic domain have been fenced In by per­ sons having no title thereto. In direct dt fiance of the law forbidding the maintenance or construction of uny such unlawful Inclosurt of public land. For various reasons there has been little interference with such Inclos- tires in the past, but ample notice has r.ow been given the trespassers, and all the resources at the command of the government will hereafter he used to put a stop to such trespassing. In view of the capital importance of these matters, I commend them to the earnest consideration of the con­ gress. and If the congress finds diffi­ culty In dealing with them from lack of thorough knowledge of the subject, I recommend that provision be made for a commission of experts specially to Investigate and report upon the complicated questions involved. In no department of governmental work in recent years has there been greater success than In that of giving scientific aid to the farming popula­ tion, thereby showing them how most efficiently .to help themselves. There Is no need of insisting upon its impor­ tance, for the welfare of the farmer Is fundamentally necessary to the wel­ fare of the republic as a whole. In ad­ dition to such work as quarantine against animal and vegetable plagues, and warring against them when here introduced, much efficient help has been rendered to the farmer by the in­ troduction of new plants especially fitted for cultiiation under the pecu­ liar conditions existing in different poitions of the country. New cereals have been established in the semi-arld west. For Instance, the practicability of producing the best types of macar­ oni wheats in regions of an annual rainfall of only ten Inches or there­ abouts has been conclusively demon­ strated. Through the introduction of new rices fn Louisiana and Texas the production of rice In this country has been made to about equal the home demand. In the southwest the possi­ bility of regrassing overstocked range lands has been demonstrated; in the north many new forage crops have been introduced, while in the east It has been shown that some of our choicest fruits can be stored and shipped in such a way as to find a profitable market abroad. MISCELLANEOUS SUBJECTS LEGISLATURE FOR ALASKA I especially urge upon the congress the need of wise legislation for Alas­ ka. It is not to our credit as a nation that Alaska, which has been ours for thirty-five years, should still have as poor a system of laws as is the case. No country has a more valuable pos- sr salon— in mineral wealth, In fish­ eries, furs, forests, ard also in land r.i alluble for certain kinds of farm­ ing and stockgrowing. It is a terri­ tory of great size and varied resources, well fitted to support a large perma­ nent population Alaska needs a good land laiv and such provisions for homesteads and preemptions as will encourage permanent settlement. We should shape legislation with a view not to the exploiting and abandoning of the territory, but to the building up of homes therelp. The Innd law« out inducements to the actual settler whom we most desire to see take pos­ session of the country. The forests of Alaska should be protected, and, as a secondary but still important mat­ ter, the game also, and at the same time it is Imperative that the settlers should be allowed to cut timber, under proper regulations, for their own use. Laws should be enacted to protect the Alaskan salmon fisheries against the greed which would destroy them. They should be preserved as a perma­ nent Industry and food supply. Their management and control should ha turned over to the commission of fish and fisheries. Alaska should have a delegate In the congress. It would be well If a congressional committee could visit Alaska and investigate its needs on the ground. rhould be liberal in type, so as to hold DEALING WITH INDIANS Aim Should Be Ultimate Absorption Into Body Politics. In dealing with the Indians our aim should be their ultimate absorption In­ to thd body of our people. But In many cases this absorption m u st and should be very slow. In portions of the Indian T e rritory the m ixture of blood has 1 again recommend to the favorable consideration of the congress the plans of the Smithsonian Institution for making the Museum under its charge worthy of the nation, and for preserv­ ing at the national capital not only records of the vanishing races of men hut of the animals of this continent which, like the buffalo, will soon be­ come extinct unless specimens from which their representatives may be re­ newed are sought in their native re­ gains and maintained there In safety. D istrict ol' Colum lilii. The District of Columbia Is the only part of our territory in which the na­ tional government exercises local or municipal functions, and where in consequence the government has a free hand In reference to certai types of social and economic legislation which must be essentially local or munici­ pal in their character. The government should see to it, for instance, that the hygenic and sanitary legislation af­ fecting Washington is of a high char­ acter. The evils of slum dwellings, whether in the shape of crowded and congested tenement-house districts or of the back-alley type, should never be permitted to grow up In Washington. The city should be a model In every respect for all the cities of the coun­ try. The charitable and correctional systems of the district should receive consideration nt the hands of the con­ gress to the end that they may embody the results of the most advanced thought in these fields. Moreover, while Washington Is not a great In­ dustrial city, there is some Indus­ trialism here, and our labor legisla­ tion, while it would not be important In Itself, might te made a model for the rest of the nation. W e should pass, for instance, a wise employer’s-liabllity act for the District of Columbia, and we need such an act in our navy-yards. Railroad companies in the District ought to he required by law to block tlielr frogs . S a fe t y A p p lin n e e L m r . The safety-appliance law, for the better protection of the lives and limbs of railway employes, which was passed in 1893, went Into full eff'et on August I, 1901. It has resulted In averting thousands of casualties. Ex­ perience shows, however, the necessity of additional legislation to perfect this law. A bill to provide for this passed the senate at the last session. It is to be hoped that some such measure may now be enacted into law. E x c e s s iv e P u b l i c a t i o n s . There Is a growing tendency to pro­ vide for the publication of masses of documents for which there is no pub­ lic demand and for the printing of which there is no real necessity. Large numbers of volumes are turned out by government printing presses for which there Is no justification. Nothing should be printed by any of the de­ partments unless It contains something of permanent value, and the congress could with advantage cut down very materially on all the printing which it has now become customary to provide. The excessive cost of government printing Is a strong argument against the position of those who are Inclined on abstract grounds to advocate the government’s doing any work which can with propriety be left In private hands. T b e M e irt System. Gratifying progress has been made during the year in the extension of the merit system of making appoint­ ments In the government service. It should be extended by law to the Dis­ trict of Columbia. I t Is much to be de­ sired that our consular system be es­ tablished by law on a’ basis providing for appointment and promotion only in consequence of proved fitness. A V liite H o u s e Itestin ’lltto n . Through a wise provision of the’ congress at Us last session the White House, which had become disfigured by Incongruous additions and changes, has now been restored to what It was planned to be by Washington. In mak­ ing the restorations the utmost care has been exercised to come as near as possible to the early plans and to supplement these plans by a careful study of such buildings as that of the University of Virginia, which was built by Jefferson. The White House is the property of the nation, and so far as is compatible with living there­ in it should be kept as it originally was, for the same reasons that we keep Mount Vernon as it originally was. The stately simplicity of Its arch­ itecture is an expression of the charac­ ter of the period In which it was bull!, and Is in accord with the purposes it was designed to serve. Tt Is a good thing to preserve such buildings as historic monuments which keep alive • ur sense of continuity with the na­ tion’s past. The reports of the several executive departments arc* submitted to the con­ gress with this communication. THEODORE ROOSEVELT. White House, December, 1902. HAYDEN ADMITTED TO DAIL Ilfl.I.IN U S l*O I,IC EM AN M A Y S E ­ C U R E T E M P O R A R Y I.H 1 E R T Y . .»untie»’ D e c iden T i m t M im H e l d Ren- lioitn llilc f o r M c R r lile'n D e a th ’ M u nt Rut Up T e n T h o u - niiiid D o l l a r R o n d . Billings. Dec. 2.—Without going through the formality of a preliminary examination. Lewis M. Huyden, charg­ ed with the murder of John P. Mc­ Bride, was admitted to ball by Jus­ tice Alexander Fraser. His bond was placed at $10,000. It Is expected that the amount necessary to secure his freedom- until the time for his trial can be raised; Hayden was arraigned and by con­ sent of the prosecution Justice Fraser accepted the testimony taken at the coroner’s inquest upon which to base his action in admitting the accused man to ball. The prosecution stated that the testimony presented before the coroner was practically the same as would have been offered by the state at a preliminary examination had not such an examination been waived by the defense. The bond, will be drawn up and left at Justice Fra­ ser’s court room where It can l>e signed by those wishing to stand spon­ sors for Hayden’s appearance. T o u t * A r e H n n g r y . Butte, Dec. 2.—The absence of pool- rooms and. poolplaying in this city has operated to deport a few dozen of the laziest men in the country, the touts. There are only about three left here and they are begging money from their acquaintances to get away on. Most of them have gone to San Fran­ cisco, where the graft is good all the year, while up here it Is only good during race meetings and when tile poolrooms are open. There is a pool- room In Walkerville. but It Is not do­ ing much business. And It looks like a death blow to poolroom gambling in Butte. London. Dec. 2.—A special dispatch trom Petersburg today announces thal serious conflicts occurred recently be­ tween Cossacks and 3.000 strikers al Svladl-Kavus. Shots were exchanged and a few men were killed and thlrtj wounded on both sides. U p w ards 01 100 strikers were arrested.

The Montanian and Chronicle (Choteau, Mont.), 05 Dec. 1902, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.