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1.—Brig. Gen. William Mitchell, chief of operation or the army air service, now on ills way to inspect air de fenses of Hawaiian and Philippine islands and then to hunt big game in India. 2.—Miss Jane Girard, secretary of the Roosevelt Memorial association, and some of the trophies tliut will be placed in Col. Roosevelt’s birtliplnce, which is to be a museum. 3.—Scene of recent important excavations at Baalbek, Syria, the ancient Greek Heliop olis. Germany Having a Hard' Time With Monarchists, Reds and Industrial Barons. POMBE REBUFFS BERLIN Conducts Direct Negotiations In the Ruhr—Important Plans Discussed by British Imperial Confer ence—Doings of the Amer ican Federation of Labor. By EDWARD W. PICKARD tt A NY man who would make pre- H dictions for Germany beyond tomorrow Is mad,” cables a Berlin cor respondent. Events in that distracted country have been moving rnpldly to ward a climax which Chancellor Strese- mann fears and frankly says may be a catastrophe unless immediate measures are taken and they prove successful. Even before this reaches the reader the situation may me entirely changed, for the better or, If possible, for the worse. Only the happenings of last week can be recorded. The Socialists yielded to Strese- mann’s Insistence on the “ authorization law” which will permit legislation by the cabinet without reference to parlia ment, and the chancellor thereupon formed a new cabinet to operate ns a directorate, In which are represented the Socialist, Democratic, Center and People’s parties. The monarchists and Communists are excluded. On Tuesday he submitted the new govern ment’s policies to the relchstng and was given an overwhelming vote of confidence, only the Nationalists, Com munists and Bavarian Volksnartel op posing. The chancellor declared he was not seeking negotiations with France alone but only with all the ni nes ; that he hnd no intention of abol ishing private property but Intended tliut the great properties should take their share of the financial burdens of the state; and that Germany stood back of her signature on the Versailles treaty. Str*semann severely criticized the Cuno government’s refusal to aban don the passive resistance on the ad vice of England three months ago when it still was possible to obtain conces sions from France. He declared hard words and threats In protest against France’s action in the Ruhr were use less. Then came forward Stinnes, the Krupps, Thyssen and the other indus trial magnates with an attack on the cabinet and a list of demands on Stresemann which included an eight and one-half hour day in the coal mines, ten hours in the mills and the abandonment of the coal tax. Until these measures are granted, they said, they could not bring the cost of coal down to the world market price at the pithead. Their other demands amount ed to the revocation of all privileges won by labor during the last twenty years. In reply the chancellor sent Minister of the Interior Solmann into the relchstng to announce that these demands of the coal and steel mag- pates for measures to fill their pock ets would not he considered by the government. The country was en raged by the stand of the industrial barons. The press branded them as traitors and the Communists intro duced a bill demanding their trial on charges of high treason. M e a n w h i l e the stinnes group and the Otto Wolff trust were conducting negotiations with the French in the Ruhr independent of their government. When the German charge d’affaires In Paris submitted to Premier Poincare the proposition of Chancellor Stresemann for a confer ence of France, Belgium and Germany in the occupied zone to arrange for the resumption of work, the premier rejected the plan, explaining that Ger many had always contended that pas sive resistance in the Ruhr was local fcnd that now France was negotiating direct accords with the industrial lead ers there and with the local labor or ganizations. He said, however, he was’ ready to examine any proposals regard ing reparations payments which Berlin might make directly to the reparations commission. The Germnn government was deeply chagrined by this rebuff, since It hud officially abandoned pas sive resistance. When the authorization bill was called up in the relchstng Thursday the first and second paragraphs were voted by a large majority, but when the measure as a whole came up for a final vote the entire National party walked out, leaving the Reichstag with out a quorum. Adjournment was taken until Saturday. If Chancellor Strese mann should fail to secure the neces sary two-thirds vote for the bill he is authorized by President Ebert to dis solve the reichstag. These varied complications brought about a panic on the Berlin bourse that carried the mark down to the ridicu lous figure of 7,000,000,000 to the dol lar. The shops doubled all their prices nnd the people rushed about trying to get rid of their practically worthless paper money. The Communist leaders were making the most of the situation and were hopeful that the prospect of n winter of hunger and cold, together with the anger of the workers against the industrial leaders, would enable them to set up a revolutionary govern ment. Documents seized at communist headquarters at Breslau revealed a plot to overthrow the Stresemnnn gov ernment nnd an attempt to organize a communist state by force or arms. More than fifty persons were arrested. Indeed, the Red peril in Germany was greater than at any time in the pnst. That Soviet Russia is well informed of the conditions and ready to help the Communists Is indicated by the con centration of large bodies of soviet troops near the western border of Rus sia. D a v id l l o y d g e o r g e , now in Canada on his American tour, has no hesitation in expressing the opinion that wars are not done with and that the next war may wipe out our civiliza tion. Ills view of European affairs Is rather pessimistic, nnd his main hope is that the British empire, which he calls the one effective league of na tions in the world today, will make It self so strong that when it says “ Halt!’ the other nations will hear it. Such, in a way, is the purpose of the imperial conference being held in London. Plans were laid last week for making the empire on economic unit nnd for tying up trade so that none but subjects of the empire would benefit. These plnns Include a purchasing pool for empire food nnd raw material and a distribu tion scheme for Great Britain; ways for insuring empire preference on pub lic contracts and for developing out lying regions with the help of British money, and plnns for providing an im mediate market for British manufac tures nnd the employment of British labor. The empire premiers are not united on many subjects and some of them have been severely criticising some of Premier Baldwin’s policies and acts. R EFUSING to be swayed from its traditional policy by the successes of the Farmer-Labor party in the Northwest, the American Federation of Labor in convention at Portland, Ore., voted decisively against resolu tions calling on labor to unite with the farmers in forming a new national party. Of the 114 international unions, state federations and city councils on the roll call, all but 27 voted to In dorse the report of the resolutions committee which said: “Experience hns demonstrated that any attempt to mass und direct the potential and ac tual power of the wage earners through any form of fixed party scheme is to destroy that efficiency that comes from flexible mobility of power to meet whatever emergency may arise and from whatever source it may emanate. The policy and prac tice of the American Federation of Labor to be partisan to principles and not to be partisan to political parties has been fully justified by experience.\ After a stormy debate toe conven tion refused to recognize* the soviet government of Russia, declaring the people of Russia must first be given a chance to vote on indorsement or re pudiation of their present ru’ ers. The bolshevik!, however, had the support of some prominent delegates. When the prohibition question was taken up there was more nearly com plete unanimity. With only one dis senting vote the convention adopted an appeal to congress to change the Volstead act so as to permit the man* ufacture and sale of light wines and beer. G overnor walton of okia. homu abandoned his attempt to head off Impeachment proceedings by tlie legislature, and himself called that body In extra session. When it met on Thursday he sent in a message i strongly urging the passage of his bill for the unmasking of the Ku KIux Kian in the state. He had previously promised that if the bill were passed he would resign, but the lower house went ahead with its plan, resolving it self into an inquisitorial body to In vestigate the governor’s official con duct. The most serious of the charges against him are that he has exceeded his parole and pardon au thority, misused public moneys nnd usurped constitutional rights by deny- | Ing the right of recourse to habeas corpus under his decree of martial law. The inquiry Is likely to last n long time, nnd then the senate will sit ns a trial body if the house votes an impeneliment. A NOTHER governor who Is having a mighty hard time is McCray of Indiann. His financial embarrass ments have been before the public for weeks nnd it is charged there were Irregularities In the signing of notes which he negotiated. He hns not, at this writing, been indicted, but bank ruptcy proceedings have been insti tuted and civil suits against him started. A grand jury is conducting nn Investigation and Mr. McCray says he is willing to tell it all the facts. In general he denies any wrongdoing and blames \political blackmail\ for his troubles. I T IS authoritatively announced at the White House that President Coolldge believes Industry throughout the United States Is generally pros perous, that business conditions are promising nnd that the outlook is highly satisfactory. He has received reports of the satisfactory condition of many agricultural products, especially corn, of good markets for cattle and of fair prices for hogs. The fruit situa tion lias been handicapped by a car shortage, but the Department of Agri culture is co-operating with the rail roads, growers’ organizations and others to relieve the strain. The tex tile und steel industries are doing fairly well ; some mining industries are not so prosperous; the Oklahoma oil region is having difficulties owing to the largo oil production farther west. <<T RRECONCILABLES” of the sen- ate were much pleased by inti mations, which were almost official as surances, that President Coolidge has no intention of taking a hand in the foreign situation by urging the Hughes plan, which calls for an unbiased commission to determine Germany’s ability to pay the reparations. Mr. Lloyd George has indorsed this plan and it is favored by most of the Euro pean nations though France will have none of it. It was said also that Mr. Coolidge sees no advantage to be gained in the calling of an economic conference of the world powers until there is a change in conditions in Europe. npETXEIRA GOMEZ, the new presl- 1 dent of Portugal, finds that he, like most of his predecessors, is sit ting on nn earthquake. Already there have been two revolutionary out breaks against his administration, and another is expected any day. nis enemies predict that he will soon be either assassinated or driven out of the country. H ENRY FORD says his offer for the purchase of Muscle Shoals is still before congress and will not be with drawn. He blames Secretary of Wfir Weeks and political influences for the fact that his bid was not accepted and for the sale of the part of the plant known as the Gorgas steam ptnnt, which was included in Mr. Ford’s offer! PO\A DERV1LLE HOG RAISER USES’ NOVEL MEANS TO MOVE PORkERS. --------- . .. ¿ y ':/*'■ When Tom Barnard, of Pow.derville, wanted to market 300 hogs recently he faced a difficult problem. Miles City, his'nearest shipping point, was sixty mll;s away, he had no way of- trans porting the hogs, and tc I drive them would be almost impossible. After a little thought, however, he solved the problem. Loading a wnion with, corn, Earnliard sent it on ahead. One man drove and another, frorrf time to time, threw out a few ears. I Like rats fol- loiving the Pied Piper it Hamblin the hogs followed the wagon, stopping- only to devour the corn that was thrown to them. Mr. Barnard, coining along be hind kept the straggfers in line nnd the sixty mile journey/was accomplish ed without untowuru incident. The logs made the trip it a leisurly gait fpeding ns they weiA and arrived in Miles City in splendid condition. The expense was slight. There is no surpljls of hard milling wheat in the United States this year, according to Dwight Cresap, of Lewis- town, president of ¿ie Montana Wheat Growers association. Mr. Cresap was one of the state’s (agricultural chiefs who met Dr. H. Cl. Taylor, of.W ash ington, D. C., in hi^ recent tour of the .state for the Department of Agricul- ■ure to gain first iiand information on die wheat growing situation here. The information gathered is to be submit ted to Secretary of Agriculture Wal lace, who will aid the President and his advisers in making some plan for the relief of the farmers of the north west. Mr. Cresap also stated that the Montana Wheat Growers association now lias 10.500 members, which makes it one of the largest organizations of farmers that has ever existed in the state. At the start this organization was made up largely of the smaller farmers, but in the past year nearly all of the large grain growers have be come members, Mr. Cresap said. Harry Riggins, who lives in the Gen evieve neighborhood, near Hinsdale, was severely bitten by a cat recently. The cat was at his barn and he under took to carry it to his house. When he caught hold of the feline it bit him through the thumb, and lie was unable to make the cat turn loose of his hand until he choked it. Mr. Riggins has a had sore and it is feared blood poison will set in. A few weeks ago the Rev. Riggins, father of Harry Riggins, was attacked by the same cat, nnd received ugly scratches about the face and hands. Oscar Nordnhl, a Mosby resident, 25 years of age, gave the neighborhood quite a scare for several days recently. He had been seriously ill with typhoid fever and during a moment when noi one was with him arose from his bed and wandered out on the pririe. The neighbors hurriedly organized search ing parties which were out a couple of days, during which time they are sup posed to have followed ills tracks 20 miles from home. On returning they found him sitting on the edge of his bed. Where hp wandered in his de lirium will probably never lie known. Montana Odd Fellows nnd Rebelli ng convened In Butte for the forty- eighth and twenty-eighth annual state assemblies of their respective organi zations. with approximately 1,000 ac credited delegates In attendance. At a session of the Indies militant of the Rehekhns, Knthlpen Fisher, of Miles City, was elected President for the coming year; Emma Schnllcr. of Kails- pell, vice-president; Arnh Jefferson, of Missoula, secretary, and Ellen Butcher of Helena, treasurer. The Inst of the lambs to be shipped by Poweli county ranchers left for the eastern market recently. The total number of ewe nnd wether lambs sold was in the neighborhood of 30.000. for which the sheep raisers received prices ranging from 0 1-2 to 10 1-2 cents per pound. A good portion of the lamb crop was purchased by feeders in the middle western stntes nnd the bnllnnce by representatives of stock firms at Omaha nnd other eastern points. A totnl of 1,845.000 trout fry hns been planted in the streams of the south-central part of the state, in the season just closed, by the rod and gun clubs of Laurel, Billings and Colum bus. The cost has been nominal, amounting to a cash outlay o f'$230.43, which does not include the donated items of time, labor nnd automobiles, made by individual members in per forming the work. There were 1,413 deaths in Montana during the first three months of the present year, nnd 2,040 births, the bureau of the census announces. Dur ing the same period in 1022 there were 1.510 deaths. 2,910 births. The death rate in the state for the year 1922 was 9.2 people for 1,000 population. 10.1 for the first quarter of 1923. The birth rate for 1922 was 18.3 for every 1,000 persons, and 17.5 for the first quarter of 1923. The birth rate for the nation in 1922 was 22.G, the death rate 11.8. Barely 10 ounces in weight. Elsie M.vriam Lahti, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Matt Lahti of Butte, is, doctors believe, the tiniest human being ever horn In Butte nnd one of the smallest living babies that the country hns ever known. At first physicians thought Elsie would have to be raised in an incubator. But she is now a week old. hns never seen the inside of nn incu bator and is possessed, apparently, of n lusty pair of lungs. Although other infants under similnr circumstances have almost invariably succumbed, the attending doctor declares that barring unforseen incidents, Elsie will live. State College Egperts - Arranging To . Entertain Large Gathering At Bozeman January 7 to 11 At a meeting in Bozeman,'recently, preliminary plans were made for the Farmers’ Week program which will be held at the State College the week of January 7 to 11. There was a large attendance of farmers and their wives at the meeting last year, and more than 500 persons are expected to at tend the 1924 session. Railroads al lowed reduced rates last year and it is believed the same arrangements ■will be made for the, coming meeting.. The various departments of the college, particularly in the school of agricul ture, and the extension- service, are preparing for their part of the pro gram, which will consist of a series of papers and lectures. The various ses sions of the ineeting will be conducted by specialists in the various depart ments of horticulture, poultry, farm crops, animal husbandary and other branches of agriculture. Effort is be ing made to secure outside speakers, specialists in the many branches of agriculture and home economics, to give discussions. Many prominent men are being considered, but no selection has been made yet. The farmers’ week program will also include state meet ings of the many leading agricultural nnd livestock organizations of Mon tana, adding much to the scope and in terest of the program. Last year the Farm Bureau, state dairymens’ assoc iation, Montana seed growers associa tion, potato growers association and many livestock associations and other organizations met in Bozeman during Framers’ Week, k k k k k k k k k k k t k k k k k k k k k k ★ TREASURE STATE BRIEFS •* ★ k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k Discontinuance of the postoffice at Oka has been ordered by the post- mnsetr general, according to reports in I-Iarlowton. Forty car loads of apples were ship ped out of the Bitter Root valley over the Northern Pacific recently. Of this number 15 were loads of fancy fruit for the New York market. Montana is credited with nn increase of 100, from 12.G4S to 12.S0S, in Indian population. These figures are based on reports made by field agents and reservation supervisors. At least two business bouses at Baker will not he troubled by the coal problem next winter. Realizing that every property owner in Baker hns enough gas under his holdings t> fur nish him with fuel for the remainder of his life, P. E. Hubbard of the Bakpr Hardware company nnd Ed Lake, own er of the Lake theatre, have spudded In a gas well on a lot In the roar of their establishments. According to Mr. Lake, the expense of drilling the well will not exceed the combined gas hills of the two firms for one yenr. Frank B. Scovel, pioneer, is dead at his home in Lewistown. Mr. Scovel had lived in that section for 42 years. He was horn In Stewartsville. Mo., September 0, 1857, nnd resided there until 1SS2, when he came west and lo cated in Lewisotwn, which then was connected with outside points by stage lines. Mr. Seovel drove slage between Lewistown nnd Oka nnd Uhet for some lime and was known n.s one of thp most expert drivers in the country. Later he engaged In ranching, operat ing what is known ns the Posey Elston ranch on Beaver creek. While Claude Taylor, who resides on the T. H. Burke farm a few miles north of Hardin was in town, Mis. Taylor noticed a pail of oats on the cellar floor nnd carried them out nnd fed them to the horses. A few minutes later she saw that the animals were ill and shortly thereafter both horses were dead. It is thought that a for mer tenant hnd used oats, treated with strychnine, for killing prairie dogs nnd hnd carelessloy left some in the cellar. The team hnd been purchased by Mr, Taylor only n few days before. B. F. Tudor, only Mexican war vet eran residing In Montana nnd a resi dent of this state since the days of Alder Gulch, is dead at his home at Victor. He was in his 97th year, hav ing been born in Kentucky in May. 1827. He had been n resident of the Bitter Root valley since 1S6S. Tudor came west during thp days of the gold stampede to California. When residents of Boulder saw Mrs. Emma Nelson digging what appeared to be intended for a grave, they be came alarmed for the safety of her three children and caused her arrest on an insnnity charge. When question ed about the grave, Mrs. Nelson de clared it was dug to beautify her home grounds. She was orderd committed to the state snnntarium. The children were placed in the care of hpr mother. Four vertebrae of a brontausnurus were found recently by R. F. Runkle in the mountains near Billings. They have been Identified by the Field Mus eum of Natural History ns bones of a reptile that existed on earth 140,000,000 years ago. E. E. Bennett, manager of the lumber yard at Lodgegrass is dead. While '’osisting in the search for the body of J. C. Foster, who was drowned in the Big Horn during the recent floods, Mr. Bennett contracted a severe attack of tonsilitis which developed into blood poisoning from which he was unable to recover. I N THE YEAR ending June 30, 1923,. there were 5,129 industrial acci dents in the state subject to the state compensation law, according to figure» supplied by Jerome G. Locke, chair- SILVER BOW man of the state LEADS industrial accident board. During the year there were »•■ SI. fatalities as a result of industrial accidents, 00 of which occurred in the mines. The coal mines are debited with 10 deaths and the quartz mines- with 44. There were 82 permanent in juries. Silver Bow county, owing to- the larger scale of mining operations has furnished a large percentage o f deaths, thirty-four being debited to the Butte mines. This is higher than any year except 1917 wheq the disastrous Spectator fire caused such a heavy loss that the total fatalities in Silver Bow for that year were 327. According to officials of the in dustrial accident board, the number o f permanent disabilities resulting from accidents is slightly higher than the number of deaths, which have aver aged about 32 a year for seven years,, und the number of temporary disabili ties Is about seventy times the number of fatalities. The total amount paid out in compensation claims, including- funeral expenses, medlenl service to* employes not under hospital contracts, to the families of workmen who were killed and to workmen who suffered disability as the result of non fatal ac cidents was $473.789.09. On June 30 of this year there were 2,090 employ ers and 53.S55 workmen under the compensation act. T I - I E FUNERAL of .Tack Burke, prominent stockman of the state and president of the state livestock commission and livestock sanitary board, who was killed in an nuto* STOCKMAN LAID accident n e a r AT REST Great Falls was held Monday afternoon, October 15. Services were held in St. Peter’s Epis copal church, the Rt. Rev. William F. Faber, Bishop of Montana, officiating. Interment was in Forestdale cemetery. The services were attended by many livestock men from all parts of the state. The pall hearers wore* C. E. White of Augusta, H. F. Bowman o f Wolf Creek, W. K. Floweree, Jr., o f Great Falls, John M. Power, Dr. W. J. Butler and T. O. Hammond of Helena. Honorary—W. P. Kenney of St. Paul, A. G. Leonard of Chicago, Andrew , Jameson of Dublin, Ireland. Henry T. Folsom of New York City, Charles N. Kessler of San Francisco. F. R. Van de Putte of Great Falls, Oliver Wnds- wort.h, Jr., of Great Falls, Jesse Tay lor of Sweet Grass, Charles B. Power, T. A. Marlow of Helena, and W. K. Fioweree, Sr„ of Great Falls. T HE LABOR SITUATION in Mon tana is more nearly balanced nt\ present than at any time since Inst March, according to a summary of the State Department of Agriculture nnd SKILLED METAL Labor, based MINERS SCARCE upon reports: from private nnd public employment agencies, ,lnrge employers of labor nnd county agents. Tim only real shortage is of skilled metal miners, of whom Butte, alone, could use one thousand. The western Montann logging camps can place 350 men, but. anticipate no difficulty in obtaining that number. In n few agri cultural districts there is a small short age of labor for sugar beet work, apple- picking nnd other seasonal activity. While a few instances of shortage in road and highway laborers nre report ed most of the larger towns report it surplus of common labor and of crafts men in the more common lines. As soon ns threshing is concluded, it is-believed, many men will return to the mines nnd logging camps. P UBLIC HEALTH films nnd slides possessed by the state hoard o f health will be loaned free of charge to responsible persons or organizations for public health education, according- HEALTH FILMS to Dr. W. F. Cogs- LOANED well, secretary o f the hoard. At the present time thefol- lowing films nre available: The Priceless Gift of Health, one- reel; The Fly as a'Disease Carrier, one reel ; How Disease Is Spread, one reel ; How to Prevent Disease, one reel ; Moutli Hygiene, one reel ; Con quering Diphtheria, one reel ; The Health Twins at Work, one reel ; The Gift of Life, four reels; Our Children, one reel ; The Knowing Gnome, one reel. v T OM SILLERS, custodian of the stnte house building and grounds hns potted the transplanted flowers which were raised during the summer, on the lawn surrounding the capitol FLOWERS FOR and the executive HOSPITAL mansion, occupied by Governor Dixon and his family, nnd hns taken them’ to the veterans hospit al at Fort Harrison, L ESS OF the trouble arising on the. Indian reservations of the state which have been opened td settlement are reaching the federal courts than was the case years ago, according to- FEWER INDIAN Ronald Higgins, * CASES assistant United States district attorney. Most of the reservation business is now handled by the reservation courts and by the state courts, Mr. Higgins points, out. In the old days every term of, federal court brought many Indians to Helena.