What is this?
Optical character recognition (OCR) is an automated process that converts a digital image containing numbers and letters into computer-readable numbers and letters. The search engine used on this web site searches OCR-generated text for the word or phrase you are looking for. Please note that OCR is not 100 percent accurate. If the original image is blurry, has extraneous marks, or contains ornate font styles or very small text, the OCR process will produce nonsense characters, extraneous spaces, and other errors, such as those you may see on this page. In addition, the OCR process cannot interpret images and may ignore them or render them as strings of nonsense characters. Despite these drawbacks, OCR remains a powerful tool for making newspaper pages accessible by searching.
1—Scene during million-dollar fire in New York harbor in which several ships were destroyed. 2—Senators and representatives taking lessons on how to keep tit from Bernarr MacFadden. 3—Orville Wright, inventor of rho airplane, receiving from G. A. E Dumont, military attache of the French embassy, the medal of the Legion of Honor. NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENT EVENTS A1 Smith Jumps to Fore in Race for Nomination by the Democrats. By EDWARD W. PICKARD P RESIDENT COOLIDGE’S nomina tion by the Republicans in the Cleveland convention being conceded, as it must be, the country is turning its political attention mainly to the race among the Democratic aspirants. Who of that numerous company has the best of It depends on where your news comes from. In New York it is A1 Smith, in Indiana it Is Senator Ralston, in the southeast it may be Senator Underwood, and so it goes. The death of Charles F. Murphy, chief of Tammany, was thought at first to be a blow to Smith’s chances for the sachem was managing the governor’s campaign. But last week the Smith cohorts in New York went forward with a rush and placed their candidate in the strategic position. George Brennan of Chicago, leader of the Illi nois Democracy, was there and was hailed as the man to succeed Murphy as the national boss of the party, and while he did not come out openly as leader of the Smith forces, it became evident that he would he the director of their tactics. The governor an nounced that Franklin D. Roosevelt had been selected as chairman of his campaign committee, which includes representatives of all states. Mr. Roosevelt was assistant secretary of the navy In the Wilson administration and candidate for the vice presidency four years ago. He was always known as an anti-Tammany man, so his selec tion may take from the Smith candi dacy what sections remote from New York might regard as the curse of Tammany favor. Of course the supporters of all other Democratic candidates continue to nssert that Smith’s nomination, or his election, is impossible because he is a Roman Catholic* and because he is an open advocate of the legalizing of light wines and beer. Ills friends in sist that the South will vote for him as for any Democratic nominee, de spite the great strength of the Ku Klux Klan down there. Some other politicians are not so sure of this; and they call attention to the apparent growth of the Klan elsewhere, too. Only n few nights ago it held a meet ing on Long Island which was nttended by many thousands and 900 new mem bers were initiated. Indiana Democrats are, perhaps pre maturely, pushing Senator Samuel Ralston toward the front ns the log ical choice of the New York conven tion. As one correspondent puts it: “The home-grown Democrats of In diana sny Ralston is well liked by both wets and dr.vs, by conservatives and progressives, by Kluxers and nnti- ICluxers, by capital and labor. No hatreds are foonlized on him. Besides, Indiana and Ohio may be the key to the strategy in the western campaign this year, and Ralston is the one cen tralized candidate.’’ Chicagoaons who went to New York for the funernl of Murphy returned with the impression that their favorite son, Mayor Dever. really has a chance to win the nomination for the presi dency. Strnnger things hnve hap pened in national conventions. New Jerseyites believe Governor Silzer is the man of destiny, and It is snld Bren nan has him on his list of possibilities. O HIO, Massachusetts and Missouri having added their delegates to the Coolidge column, William M. But ler, the President’s national campnign manager, announced that Mr. Cool idge now has a total of 825 pledged delegates. Only 556 are needed to in sure nomination. The Republican ex ecutive committee, In session in Cleve land, selected Theodore E. Burton of Ohio, representative and former sen ator, as temporary chairman of the convention, he being Mr. Coolldge’s choice. The temporary organization for the big meeting was completed by the committee. There was a lot of talk among Republicans last week about the possibility of nominating Brig. Gen. Charles G. Dawes for the vice presidency. He tins just returned from Europe, and the added fame he gained by his fine work as head of the reparations expert committee makes him a strong party asset. His only comment was that he had no inten tion of going into politics. W. M. Butler, It is announced, will succeed Mr. Adams as chairman of the national committee after the con vention. In the Ohio primaries Coolidge beat Hiram Johnson about 6 to 1, and in the landslide Harry M. Daugherty was carried to victory as a delegate at large. He was last in the Coolidge list of seven, but ran far ahead of the leading Johnson candidate. M USCLE SHOALS was a leading topic of the week, the hearings held by the senate agricultural com mittee developing some interesting fea tures. First of these was a telegram sent October 12 last by James Martin Miller, who clniras to have been a Washington representative of Ford, to Ernest Liebold, Ford’s confidential secretary. It read: “In private inter view had with President Coolidge this morning he said incidentally: ‘I am friendly to Mr. Ford, but wish some one would convey to him it is my hope that Mr. Ford will not do or say any thing that will make it difficult for me to deliver Muscle Shoals to him, which I am trying to do.’ While President didn’t say so, am sure Weeks has been consultation with President this morn ing in view Mr. Ford's reported inter view today’s papers.\ President Coolidge, from whom a denial was unnecessary, promptly is sued a statement reiterating his posi tion concerning Muscle Shoals, quot ing from his message on the subject, nnd added: “I have never said I was trying to deliver Muscle Shoals to Mr. Ford or to anyone else. I do not think his fnvor is for sale. I wanted him to have his proposal fairly con sidered, just as I wanted any other proposals fairly considered.\ Mr. Lie- bold denied that Miller was an em ployee of Ford. Miller said his tele gram quoted the President correctly. The most generous conclusion is that Miller’s memory failed him. Governor Plnchot of Pennsylvania pointed out to the committee jokers in the Ford bid for Muscle Shoals which, he said, would enable the automobile manufacturer to “hamstring” the en tire South, industrially and agricul turally. Then appeared Maj. E. B. Stahlman, publisher of the Nashville Banner, who urged the committee to “just give Henry whatever he wants; he will do the right thing.\ He was hacked up in this by his counsel, W. B. Waldo, but right there Senator Nor ris of Nebraska, chairman of the com mittee, broke loose. Part of what he said to Mr. Waldo was: “You’re a Ford man, coming here in the guise of disinterested counsel of an improvement association. The min utes of your society show it organized just to boost Ford. Now answer this: Why is it you Ford people are always prating nbout the great things Ford will do, but when some one wants to amend the bill to specify those things, you refuse? Why is It that Ford peo ple in congress are controlled by such as you. just ns a mother hen controls her chicks? “Why do you misrepresent every thing to your people with the thou sands of dollars you spend in pro-Ford propaganda? Why do you make It appear to be a fight between Ford nnd trusts, when it isn’t, when the greatest trust of all would be the Ford power trust if he’s given Muscle Shoals? “I wouldn’t vote for Muscle Shoals for Ford if every voter in my state told me to, for I think more of the country’s welfare than I do of my own re-election to ofilce—and that’s more than some pro-Ford senators can say.\ T HOUGH the senate investigations in Washington have become a good deal of a bore, some mention must be made of them In a review of the week. Brookhnrt’s committee dipped Into a “scandnl\ concerning the conviction and pardon of n Chicagoan who vio lated the prohibition law, and a num ber of witnesses were subpoenaed to tell more about it. These included Kenesaw M. Landis, who was on the bench at the time and whose testimony was expected to be lively. The com mittee also heard considerable talk about failure or delay by the federal law department under Mr. Daugherty in prosecuting lumber manufacturers and the International Harvester com pany under the anti-trust statutes. Senator Walsh and his Teapot Dome committee didn’t seem to be doing much, but the special grand jury be gan its work of investigating criminal charges growing out of the oil inquiry. Former Secretary of the Navy Daniels was the first witness. T HE senate made considerable head way with the tax bill, and at this writing the principal parts of it to be decided on are the normal and surtax rates, over which the biggest fight is being waged. Senator Simmons of North Carolina proposed, as a substi- ’ tute for the Mellon plan, a schedule calling for reduction of the maximum surtax rate to 40 per cent and for a 50 per cent cut in the normal taxes on Incomes below $S,009. The Democratic senators in conference formally ap proved of this schedule. L AST winter’s maneuvers of the American fleet demonstrated seem ingly that it is far below the ratio provided by the Washington confer ence treaties, according to the report made by Admiral Coontz, its com mander. The two main lessons learned were that the fleet is unable to maneuver as a unit at a speed of even ten knots, because of the slowness of the auxiliary vessels, and that the sub marines completely failed to function for fleet work. The admiral makes mnny recommendations designed to remedy conditions, these including con struction of airplane carriers, subma rine and destroyer tenders, new cruis ers, modern submarines, destroyer squadron leaders and airplanes for use with the fleet. The report also ad vises that eight of the older battleships be modernized, including an increase in the elevation of the turret guns on these and several other ships, to re duce the disparity In range that now exists between our fleet and those of Japan and Great Britain. W ARREN T. M’GRAY last week lost his position as governor of Indiana and his liberty for a decade. Convicted of using the mails in a scheme to defraud, he was sentenced by Federal Judge Anderson to ten years in the penitentiary at Atlanta and to pay a fine of $10,000. The judge in pronouncing sentence ar raigned the culprit scathingly, declar ing that if McCray “lived to be as old as Methuselah, I could not mete out enough punishment.” McCray within a few hours was on his way to his cell. T ERRIFIC storms that reached the proportions of tornadoes swept across the Southern states last Wednesday, killing 113 persons, injur ing a thousand others and doing vast property damage. In South Carolina the dead numbered 66, in Georgia 13 and in Alabama 11. The American Red Cross instantly went to the relief of the sufferers nnd was aided by many other organizations. A FTER being delayed for days at Chignik, Alaska, by storms. Major Martin, commander of the world-cir cling squadron, left Wednesday to re join his comrades at Dutch Harbor, but up to the time of writing this he had not been heard from, nnd it was feared he had come to grief in a new storm. Fishing boats were searching along the route for his plane. E FFORTS of the United states to bring pence to Honduras are bear ing fruit. The Central American gov ernments united in a conference which has agreed that Gen. Vicente Tosta shall he provisional president of Hon duras pending the holding of new elec tions. Meanwhile one faction of Hon durans has captured Tegucigalpa, the capital, after twelve hours of bloody fighting. G r e a t B r i t a i n , Belgium, Italy, Japan and Yugoslavia hnve ac cepted the Dawes report on Germany, but France still is jockeying for alter ations. However, the prospects are bright if Germany makes a prompt start to carry out Its provisions. Pre mier Theunis and Foreign Minister Hymans of Belgium are In England discussing the matter with Prime Min ister MacDonald. American bankers stand ready to furnish half of the $200,000,000 loan to Germany. Mews of Montana B rief N otes Concerning the Treasure State -> - Will Retire .Bonds. —At the setting up of Teton county in 1893, In order to finance the new county, there was an increase of $60,000 in bonds, this being the first bonded indebteness of the county. These bonds were issued for a period of 15 years from July, 1894, and bore 6 per cent interest. At the end of the 15 years, in July, 1909, the bonds were refunded for an addi tional 15 years at 4% per cent interest. These tfonds will be retired this July in full, making the bonded indebted ness of Teton county $60,000 less nnd eliminating an annual interest charge of $2,700. During the 30 years in which the above-mentioned bond is sues will have run a total of $94,500 will have been paid in interest, $54,000 in the first 15 years and $40,500 for the period ending next July. Prbmote Celebration. —Trades and labor council delegates will present the proposition of a Fourth of July cele bration to their respective unions fol lowing the^ invitation of the Red Lodge- Montana club to join with it in promot ing such an event. Members of the trades and labor council expressed themselves heartily in favor of the plan but considered it advisable to re fer the proposal to the several mem bers of their respective organizations. The council will report back as soon as all the unions have acted on.the proposition, but this will probably take about two weeks, according to Sam Oliver of the council. Fall From Horse Fatal. —Leslie Jones, 11-year-old son of Mrs. Harry Woodruff, living west of Ismay, was killed by a fall from a horse. The boy was carrying a can of machine oil from the house to the field. The oil can sprung a leak and spilled some of its contents on the horse’s flank. The animal became frightened and stepped in a shallow ditch beside a culvert, throwing the rider to the ground in juring his spine and neck. ' The boy died four hours later without regaining consciousness. Butch Comes Home. —In August of last year, Con Stang, an old-time rancher on Cottonwood left for Ore gon to reside. He took his dog Butch along with him. Recently, men who knew this dog were amazed to see it come up Main street in Lewistown, foot-sore nnd all in, begging for some thing to eat. Butch was provided with a banquet by Charles Porter, an old friend. The dog clearly had. made its way back in some manner from Ore gon, where the Stang family still is, to Lewistown. Winners Given Flight. —Aviator Earl Vance flew to Richey from Glendive with his machine and assisted in the festivities of the school meet by taking up tlie winners in the contests, as well as a number of other passengers who wished to view the city from the sky. Deputy Sheriff Lee made the trip out from Glendive with Mr. Vance. First In Oratory. —Andrew V. Corry of Mount St. Charles college, Helena, won the state oratorical contest held under the auspices of Montana State college. William Moore, Montana State, and Alvin Taylor of Intermoun tain college, Helena, were tied for second place, Moore winning on the flip of a coin. Special Rates Granted. —In response to requests from civic organizations in various parts of Montana and in furtherance of the back-to-Montana movement, the Union Pacific officers at Butte announced substantia#* cuts in passenger fares from California, Ne vada, Arizona and New Mexico to Mon tana points. OVER THE GREAT DIVIDE NATHAN.—Arge Nathan, pioneer clothing merchant of northern Mon tana, died May 6, in New York, where he had gone some weeks ago for an operation. Mr. Nathan was 70 years of age and a native of Germany, com ing to New York when 15 years old, nnd locating in Fort Benton in 1879, where he founded the clothing store of A. N. Nathan, of which he was the head for 45 years. He came to Great Falls in 1885 nnd was the first cloth ing merchant in the new town. QUOTATIONS OF INTEREST TO MONTANANS. Week Ending May 10. Minneapolis Grain Prices Station basis at points in Montana taking a 39M;C freight rate. Wheat, No. 1 dark northern, 92c; No. 1 northern. 88c; dark hard winter, 37c; hard winter, 85c; corn, No. 2 yel low, 72c; flax, No. 1, 2.12. Chicago Livestock C-attle. top. $12.35; average, $10.75; hogs, top, $7.60; average, $7.20; sheep, fat wooled lambs, $17.00. New York Metals Bar silver, ounce, 64%c; copper, lb., 13%c; lend, 7%c. TURKEYS, HOGS, CORN\: IN NORTHERN SECTION Outlook for the Coming Season Along the Line of the Great Northern Statistics prepared by Great North ern and tirade public by L. B. Woods, assistant general freight and passen ger agent, show Increased production of turkeys and hogs on the lines of the Great Northern in this state, and an increase in the corn acreage. These figures show that in the fall and winter of 1923-24 10 carloads of dressed turkeys originated for ship ment from Great Falls, Choteau and Conrad. There were no shipments in 1922. Shipments in less than carload lots from other localities in northern Montana amounted to a total of 35,000 pounds. Turkey shipments in this same general territory in the previous season were practically nil. Estimates for this season are for a 50 per cent increase in carload ship ments of turkeys from Choteau, Con rad and Great Falls, and for 54,000 pounds in less than carload lots in the general territory. This movement of turkeys was to the Chicago market, where the birds were in good demand at top prices. All shipments were in passenger train service. The Great Northern landed 57 cars of hogs in 1922, nnd 214 cars in 1923, an Increase of approximately 150 per cent. In 1922, in counties adjacent to this railroad’s lines there was a total of 76,459 acres planted to corn. In 1923, the acreage was 182,720, an in crease of approximately 125 per cent. CONDITIONS IN GLENDIVE POINT TO STEADY GROWTH ‘'Present general business conditions in Glendive are good, and perhaps somewhat better than in most portions of Montana. According to our reports and all conditions considered we have little to complain of” said Raymond Hildebrand, president of the Glendive chamber of commerce. “In fact, many of our business men state that while business for March was not as good as for the same month Inst year, the business for the four-month period just closed is considerably above that done during the same time last year. We are rather optimistic concerning the future in our city and look forward also to.a much better agricultural year. “ Of course, owing to weather condi tions farming is not as far advanced this year as it might be. But, most of the wheat is already in, though there will not be an increase in wheat acre age over last year. There will, how ever, be considerably more flax, sweet clover nnd other feed crops. Not less than 5,000 acres of corn will be plant ed in Dawson county this year nnd bet ter still, it will be put In better and cared for more thoroughly than ever before. This is largely due to the fact that the Glendive chamber of commerce on behalf of the business men is offering cash premiums total ing $1,000 with a cash prize of $250 for the best 20 acres of dent corn grown in Dawson this year.” OIL NEWS T ^ A S U ^ S T A T E A c iS v m BRJEFL Y RECOUNTED Drilling will be immediately begun by the Kolfax Petroleum on the W. G. Baum permit, section 3-35-13W, a short distance from the discovery well of the Gordon Campbell-Kevin syndicate. The company was formed at Colfax, Wash., April 7, 1924, and acquired the Baum permit nnd a rig and equipment from J. G. Schwab of Kevin, who bid in the property nt sheriff’s sale last February on a labor lien. The Keene-MIdwest-Zimmerman well two miles east of Shelby,, has been spudded in, according to Ed West, of Craig & West, drillers from the north field. Mr. \West stated that Clayton Keene of Moscow, Idaho, nnd associ ates were owners of the property and that W. E. Burks was drilling con tractor. Completion of an analysis, May 7, of the oil found in the Sunburst sand at the Betts well, on the Coal Ridge structure south of Stocliett demon strated that the product probably is the highest grade crude yet discovered in Montana. The gasoline content was found to be 73.7 per cent, the end point for this reading being 437 ns required by the new navy standard. Samples of the Betts crude were taken to the Sun burst refinery for analysis after the run of the bailer last week. State Debate Champs Billings won the stnte championship in high school debate in the contest nt Missouln, May 7. Everett Patterson was awarded individual honors as the best debater in the same contest. The Billings tenm consisted of Everett Pat terson and Ivan Caraway. Salaries Raised.—Because of an in crease in postage sales nt the Great Falls postoffice from $196,000 in 1922 to $201,000 in 1923, the salaries of Postmaster J. R. Lloyd, Assistant Post master Howard Crosby and Superin tendent of Mnils Ray Klaue will in crease $100 a year, beginning July 1. Salaries of these officials of all post- jffices are Increased $100 a year with »very increase of $5,000 in the’ sale of postage. This brings the salary of the postmaster to $3,900; assistant post master to $2,800, and the superintend ent of mails to $2,700. Center of Campaign H. E. MeLsenbach, pioneer land man of Richland county, left to take up his home in Aurora, 111. He recently made a connection with the land de partment of the Northern Pacific sys tem, and working out o f Aurora he will Interest farmers in land lying in the corn belt district of Montana. This is in connection with the North ern Pacific’s land settlement campaign which will attempt to interest Illinois, Iowa and Minnesota farmers in the cheap Montana land that is suitable for growing corn. VALUE OF ORE PRODUCTION FIFTY-FIVE MILLIONS M ONTANA’S total ore production. had a value; of $55,333,259.06 for the year ended May 31, last, according to reports of operators made to the state board of equalization/ Silver Bow county as usual yielded the bulk of this. In every instance, for every metal of which a record is kept by the state board, Silver Bow had the great est production of the Montana coun ties. ^The records, however, show some o f the counties not considered generally as mining counties to have a mining production that is of great value. Judith Basin county produced 1,820,- 601 pounds of lead of a value of $109,149. Beaverhead had a yield o f 1,114,614 pounds of lead worth $67,290. Silver Bow' county produced 17,650,751 pounds of a value of $968,204. The total values of the principal metals produced in the state for the* year ended May 31 last is: Gold, $1, 421,140; silver, $13,370,653; copper, $28.069,238; lead, $1,238,061; zinc, $9,- 426,898; zinc dross, $34,483; cadmium, $6,694; white arsenic, $380,678; crude arsenic, $41,006 (produced principally in Silver Bow county); sulphuric acid, $64,770 (Silver Bow county); miscel laneous ores, $679,634. Of the more than $55,000,000 worth of metals produced in Montana, Silver Bow county produced $51,943,211. Some of the other producing totals are: Granite, $1,006,733; Cascade, $490,36S; Deer Lodge, $381,972; Bea verhead, $140,076; Phillips, $273,658; Park, $185,536; Jefferson, $331,353; Judith Basin, $311,012; Lewis and Clark, $151,120. MONTANA WOOL WILL BRING GOOD RETURNS T HE scramble of buyers, including representatives of mills, for 1924 wool, now manifesting itself in Utah and which will extend to other fields as the season advances, is still another proof of a world shortage, said Ira T. Wight, western vice president of the National Wool Warehouse & Storage company at Helena, and it may also forecast the same keen competition be tween manufacturers and dealers, which developed a year ago, and which- sent wool prices to high levels. “These early-season developments support our belief that the growers who hold their wool until shearing time, or who consign for orderly mar keting later In the year to meet actual milling demands, are more likely to- realize the best results from this year’s clip,\ said Mr. Wight. “I am still of the firm -belief that 45 cents or better can and should be realized on Montana wool this year.” V WHAT MONTANANS PAY ANNUALLY IN TAXES R ESIDENTS and other property own ers In Montana were called on last year to pay taxes, exclusive of city and town taxes, in the sum of $24,279,593, compared to $20,353,433 in 1917 or $23,764,340 in 1920. Last year’s total mill levies averaged 52.03, compared to 34.96 in 1917 and 51.58 in 1922. The 1920 mill levy was 46.20. The assessed valuation of all prop erty in the stnte last year was $1,465,- 719,648, compared to $1,471,232,574 in 1922 and $1,068,024,106 in 1920. These figures compiled by the state- board of equalization show that, after paying more than $24,000,000 in taxes, the people of Montana still will owe in the form of outstanding indebtedness alone the sum of $28,135,835. In 191T the total outstanding bonded indebted ness was $10,744,305. PLAN CAMPAIGN AT FORT HARRISON A N attack on an imaginary enemy, entrenched on one of the hills; near Helena, by the One Hundred and Sixty-third, “Montana’s Own” regi ment, supported by machine guns, Stokes mortars and one-opunders, will be one of the demonstrations which will provide thrills for the spectator at the encampment at Fort Harrison June- 14 and 29. Tlans call for the use of ball ammuition in the attack, so' it is; expected that the demonstration will not lack spectacular features. INSOLVENT BANKS OWE DEPOSITORS 8 PER CENT D EPOSITORS of an insolvent bank nre entitled to interest at the legal rate of 8 per cent from the date that the bank suspends business, Attorney General W. D. Rankin held in an opin ion recently. His ruling was made at the request of L. Q. Skelton, state su perintendent of banks. SPRING PLANTING WILL SOON BE UNDER WAY S PRING is general over the state at present. Livestock is in good con dition. There will be a considerable acreage of flax and corn this year and a reduced acreage of wheat. There is a good lamb crop this year. Shortage of labor continues in some counties. DEMAND INCREASING FOR FARM HELP D EMAND for farm labor opened earlier this year and is greater this year than last, according to Dan Whetstone, chief of the division of la bor and publicity of the state depart ment of agriculture. The sheep shear ing season is well under way nnd while there are some reports of ,a labor sur plus in logging camps and in one or two Montana cities the year that is opening will show improvement over last year. There is less demand in the cities for labor this year, but a greater demand for laborers on the farms.