The Choteau Montanan (Choteau, Mont.) 1913-1925, December 19, 1924, Image 2

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1—Diplomatic corps in Homo received in private audience by the pope. 2—Scene on the Clticago Board of Trade when trading in cotton was started for the first time. 3— President Coolldge getting his supply of Christmas seals from Miss May O’Toole and Miss Emily P. Bissell. NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENT EVENTS Outstanding Features of the President’s Message— More Economy Urged. By EDWARD W. PICKARD ■pRESIDENT COOLIDGE’S message to congress, which resumed Its work on December 1, Is characteristic of the man. It calls for greater econ­ omy in government expenditures; recommends the further reduction of tnxes, but not until after the close of the present year when it will be Feen whether congress has kept with­ in the budget; holds out the hope that ills agricultural commission will he able to submit in time for action at tills session some legislative rem­ edies for the diflicultles of the Ameri­ can farmer; voices emphatically the administration’s disapproval of the pending security protocol of the League of Nations which would per­ mit Japnn or any other nation to at­ tack the United States because of im­ migration restrictions; and says his own plans for a disarmament confer­ ence must await the outcome of the league’s proposal to hold such a con­ ference In connection with the agree­ ment on the protocol. In this connec­ tion he observes that we shall have nothing to do with the league's con­ ference so long ns the adoption of that protocol Is contemplated. In discussing naval policies > the President says our aim always should be the maintenance of the nnvy nt the strength allowed by the Washington agreement, but that we should not en­ gage In competitive building. In this section of the message Japnn Is In­ formed that her protests against our fleet maneuvers In the vicinity of Hawaii next spring will be entirely ig­ nored. But the President adds: “I want the armed forces of Amer­ ica to be considered by all peoples not ns enemies but ns friends, ns the contribution which is made by this country for the maintenance of the peace and security of the world.” American membership In the world court, with reservations, Is again rec­ ommended. but the message says the country is not disposed to Join the League of Nations. The war debts owed us by foreign nations, it de­ clares, should be paid, the debtors being granted reasonable terms. Concerning the disposition of Muscle Shoals the President says: “ I should favor a sale of this prop­ erty, or long-time lease, under rigid guaranties of commercial nitrogen pro­ duction at reasonable prices for agri­ cultural use. There would be a sur­ plus of power for many years over any possibility of Its application to a developing manufacture of nitrogen. It may be found advantageous to dis­ pose of the right to surplus power separately with such reservations ns will allow Its grndual withdrawal and application to nitrogen manufacture.” The interstate commerce commis­ sion, declares the message, should be empowered to apply pressure eventu­ ally on the railroads to bring about consolidation of the roads Into a few’ great systems. The machinery for settling railroad labor disputes can be improved, but the requirements of the situation would be Ignored if the pub­ lic be deprived of a voice to avert a suspension of transportation by strikes. Leaders In congress, both Repub­ lican and Democratic, approved the suggestion of the President that fur­ ther reduction of taxes should be post­ poned until after the end of this fiscal year. His statement that surtaxes should then be substantially reduced was concurred in by Representative Green of Iowa, chairman of the ways and means committee. This is sig­ nificant, for Mr. Green was one of the Republicans who opposed surtax reduction In the last session. It may be congress as a whole will yet admit the wisdom and practicability of the Mellon tax plan. President Coolldge did not present his message In person. Instead It was read by the clerks of the senate and bouse, as was long the custom before President Wilson’s time. \DEFORE sending in ills regular mes-- sage, the President transmitted to congress the annual message, with comments thereon. The budget fig­ ures show an estimated surplus for the fiscal year 1925 of $G7,S84,4S9 and for the fiscal year 1920 of $373,- 743,714. The estimates appear to show the possibility of a tnx reduc­ tion of considerably more than $300,- 000,000 annually, effective in the next fiscal year, provided no new expendi­ tures are incurred. The estimates provide for more than $109,000,000 for federal aid to states prescribed by law. Mr. Coolldge com­ ments : “I nm convinced that the broaden­ ing of this field of activity is detrimen­ tal both to federal nnd state govern­ ments. Efficiency of federal operations is impaired ns their scope is unduly enlarged. Efficiency of state govern­ ments Is Impaired ns they relinqu'sh nnd turn over to the federal govern­ ment responsibilities which are right­ fully theirs. I nm opposed to any ex­ pansion of these subsidies. My con­ viction Is they can he curtailed with benefit to both the federal and stnte governments.” SEC R E T A R Y OF W A R WEEK’S ^ annual report was even more dis­ mal. from the viewpoint of national defense, than that of the secretary of the navy. It shows that the United States is unprepared to repel Invasion, not only of its outposts hut even of the mainland. It reveals that the reg­ ular army is deficient In strength, pro­ vision for training of the citizen array is rudimentary, the air force Is prim­ itive and its planes obsolescent, nnd the defenses of the Panama canal, the Hawaiian islands, and the coasts of continental United States are whol­ ly inadequate. ■pOSTMASTER GENERAL NEW -^submitted to the senate an expert analysis of the costs of operating the postal service. In compliance with a resolution calling for information bearing on the proposed Increase of salaries of postal employees. The re­ report showed thnt a net loss of near­ ly $40,000,000 was sustained by the government in this service during 1923. More than one half of the ex­ cess of gross expenditures over re­ ceipts was found to be chargeable against second-class mail, including newspapers and mngazines. Only first- class mail and postal savings were operated nt a profit. \P'.U T A R C O CALI.ES was inaugurate ed President of Mexico, and next day he received Samuel Gompers and a large number of delegates from the American Federation of Labor who journeyed to Mexico City to attend tha ceremony. One result of this visit, ac­ cording to prominent Mexican politi­ cians, will be to give a death blow to socialism and radicalism in that coun­ try. The radical lenders there have been crenting a lot of trouble, the Rus­ sian minister doing his share, but they are now entirely discredited nnd organ­ ized labor in Mexico is said to be de­ termined to rid itself of the Commun­ ists. ■pSTH O N IA’S government, which re- eently suppressed an attempt tc seize Reval by Communists sent from Russia, is trying nnd executing the Reds as fast as the field courts can work. The plotters expected to he supported by the workers, but the lat­ ter proved loyal and helped to rout the Reds. To handle the situation more effectually, General Laidoner was made military dictator. Investigation of the affair compromises the local Soviet delegation seriously. The Esthonian government received official assurances from Latvia and Poland that it would be supported hy troops, If necessary, to combat Bol­ shevik aggressions. Both Latvia and Poland are increasing their garrisons along the Russian frontier. The Fin­ nish government, the most conserva­ tive in northeastern Europe, Is ready to offer help to Esthonia. should the Bolsheviks take the offensive -pR E M IE R ZIW A R PASHA and the -*■ Egyptian government have'yield­ ed to all Great Britain's demands con­ sequent on the murder of Sirdar Stack and Lord Allenby’s forces have sup­ pressed the mutiny of troops in the Sudan. So, for the present, the com­ motion in the land of the Nile is over. It is believed the stern measures taken by the British have paralyzed the group of malcontents in Cairo known as the \murder gang.” L EO KORETZ, the clever swindler who took about $2,000,000 from his friends In Chicago months ago and then fled, and who was discovered-re­ cently in Nova Scotia, was brought back home, pleaded guilty nnd re­ ceived a prison sentence. He seems to have spent all the money he ob­ tained and his victims, none of them poor, appear not to be vindictive. \PR E S ID E N T COOL1DGE and Mrs. Coolldge, traveling In an ordinary sleeper, made a flying visit to Chicago to attend the International Live Stock exposition. They were in the city only about 12 hours, In which time the President, besides viewing the fine stock, made two brief addresses nt a luncheon and a dinner. Mrs. Cool­ ldge was entertained by prominent Chi­ cago women, but accompanied her hus­ band to the stock yards for the exposi­ tion. O E C RE T A R Y OF THE TREASURY ^ M E L L O N announces an issue of 20 to 30-year 4 per cent government bonds. The treasury offers $200,000,- 000 In the long-term securities, but will allot additional bonds to the amount that third Liberty bonds (4V6s), treas­ ury notes of series A-1925, and cer­ tificates of indebtedness mnturing March, 1025, are offered In payment. While the bonds are exempt from nor­ mal income taxation, only $5,000 face amount are exempt from the graduated additional income tax, commonly known as surtaxes, and excess profits and war profits tnxes. The bonds are subject to estate and Inheritance taxes. They are exempt from state and local taxation. T F THE recommendations of the President and the desires of many leading congressmen are followed, the Income tax publicity clause In the tnx law will be repealed. Meanwhile the test cases are going against the gov­ ernment. In Kansas City Federal Judge Reeves quashed the Indictments against the editor and managing editor of the Kansas City Journal-Post, hold­ ing that the act, as construed by the government in prohibiting the publica­ tion of tax lists by newspapers, was In violation of the first amendment to the Constitution, which provides for freedom of the press. S OVIET Russia has gone back to, “ wetness”. The council of peo­ ple’s commissars has Issued a decree permitting the manufacture and sale of liquors and cognac up to a strength of 30 per cent alcohol, which is only 5 per cent below the pre-war strength. This step Is taken to Increase the pub­ lic revenues and to stop the illicit sale of alcohol. C ITIZENS of Peking were much worried by the withdrawal of Mar­ shal Chang’s forces and the gradual entry into the city of the troops of General Feng. It was believed Chang retired to avoid an armed conflict with the “ Christian general.” Wu Pel-fu, still busy toivnrd the south, is reported to have blown np the Hankow-Peking railway bridge over the Yellow river, the longest bridge In Chinn. L EONID I v RASSIN, the first ambas­ sador of soviet Russia to France, arrived in Paris to take up his duties, and was given a noisy welcome by 5,- 000 Communists. Red flags were dis­ played and fiery speeches made and the “ Internationale” was sung. One Communist deputy said: “The world revolution has at last reached Paris.” The radicals in Paris had yet another opportunity for demonstration the other day, when the ashes of Jean Jaures, the slain Socialist leader, were transferred to, the Pantheon. T HE Federal Council of Churches met In Atlanta, G a .,for Its quad­ rennial convention, with Dr. Robert E. Speer of New York presiding. The re­ port of the general secretary said there has been an increasing move­ ment on the part of the churches to work together and to do the thing! which they cannot .accomplish work­ ing alone. The spiritual significance of the work of the federal council was stressed. News of Montana Brief Notes Concernin< the Treasure State Safecrackers At Miles.—'Sheriff and police offices in the surrounding towns and cities have been advised to he on the lookout for three safecrackers who operated at Miles City Wednesday nighti Dec. 3,' knocking off the dials of a couple of safes in local business houses. A fruit house and a lumber concern were visltedby a trio of men who have been in the city and are be­ lieved to have driven through Forsyth early Thursday morning, according to information received by Sheriff Hi Farnum. Charged With Stock Poisoning.— Charged with attempting to poison his neighbor’s livestock Lewis Kline, Simms farmer, was arrested by Deputy Sheriff II. L. Hansen. The arrest is in echo of a long feud over land between Kline nnd E. E. Oxley, the neighbor whose cattle Kline is charged with at­ tempting to poison, officers say. Ox­ ley complained to the county attorney’s office that Kline dumped large quan­ tities of gophher poison over the range in places where Oxley cattle would be likely to eat It. \ Teacher Wins Judgment.—After be­ ing out hut a few minutes a district court jury at Poison' awnrded Cecil Le- Clalre a judgment against school dis­ trict No. 2S for salary up to May 31, 1923. and interest at 8 per cent since that time. The case arose over the action of the school board filling Miss LeClaire’s position without notifying her in the fail of 1922. When Miss Le- Olaire returned from her vacation and found she had been summarily dismis­ sed, she brought suit for her salary. Reducing Delinquency.—Musselshell county is gradually reducing its de­ linquent tnx total, the receipts from this source In November, the b e s t month, totaling $17,542. Since August of this year more than $10,000 has been paid to County Treasurer Oscar Jen­ kins nnd lie predicts that few iaxpay: ers will he delinquent this year. An­ other indication of returning prosper­ ity is the fact that a large percentage of taxpayers are satisfying their tnx bills in one payment. Montana Defeats Oxford.—The Uni­ versity of Montana defeated the team representing the University of Oxford, Englnnd at Missoula Dec. 8 in debate, Montana taking the affirmative side of the question, “ Resolved that the referendum is an essential part of rep­ resentative government.” At the close of the debate a vote of the audience was taken to choose the winner, 581 voting for the affirmative and 1S5 for the negative. Five Years for Stealing Cattle—Ken­ neth. Bramblet, when nrraigned In the district court before Judge H. J. Mil­ ler at Big Timber, entered a plea of guilty to the charge of stealing four head of cattle from the John Weirsma herd, at Rapelje. He was sentenced to serve from five to 10 years in the state penitentiary. Bramblet had no attor­ ney and waived time for pronounce­ ment of sentence. Dies in Mine Accident.— Alfred An- stey, 27, was instantly killed Dec. 5 when a cage nnd skip full of ore, which was being hoisted at the Moun­ tain View mine of the A. C. M. com­ pany, pulled Into the sheave wheel, broke loose and crashed through the roof of the ore chute In which he was working. Anstey was unmarried and lived nt the home of his mother. Five to Ten Years.— A fter having been found guilty of manslaughter, Charles Collins, confessed slayer of William LeCIaire, a breed Indian, was sentenced by Judge Theodore Lentz at Missoula to not less than five years nor more than 10 years in the peniten­ tiary at Deer Lodge. Bonding Company Pays.— With the payment of $35,443.44 to Park county through its board of commissioners by the Royal Indemnity company, the amount of the deposit of the county in the Northwestern bank has now been made good and the county’s in­ terest is now .the property of the bond­ ing company. Rosebud Taxes Paid.—Tnxes were paid up in Rosebud county this year better than last year, according to G. G. Davis, county treasurer, although the majority of the taxpayers waited until the Inst week of grace to settle their account. More than $200,000 In tnxes lias been registered to date. Killed By Falling Tree.—L o u i s Strand, age 35 years, was fatally in­ jured nt a logging camp west of Mis­ soula Dec. 7 when his skull was frac­ tured by a falling tree. He died on the way in to Missoula when being brought to a local hospital. r Simpson At New Post.—Alva £. Simpson, successor to J. C. Whitman as superintendent of the Custer nation­ al forest reserve with headquarters in Miles City, has arrived from Missoula and assumed active charge of his new duties. Two Die in \Freezer.’’—Two uniden­ tified men were found dead in refrig­ erator ear on the Oregon Short Line at Butte Dec. 4. B R U T A L A X M U R D E R R E I M S A B E R T Police Unable to-' Apprehend Fiend Who Killed Billings Man and Wife Police officers of Billings have been unable to find a clue to the murder of Nels Anderson and his wife, Anna, who were brutally murdered with an ax In their barber shop. A close check-up of all known characters in Billings who might throw any light on the crime is still under way and word lias been sent to all neighboring communi­ ties to be on the watch for suspiciqus characters. The inquest held under the direction of Coroner Frank Smith brought forth no new developments.^ T h e verdict reached was thnt the Andersons met their death at the hands, of an un­ known person or persons. Four children, the eldest 10 years of age, survive the murdered couple. Anderson was 43, his wife 39, He was born in Sweden; his wife is a native of PelfcgN Rapids, Minn., where her parents are believed to reside. The funeral services were held Thursday morning with interment in Mountview cemetery at Billings. MILWAUKEE RAILROAD LIKELY TO ABSORB NORTH & SOUTH The steps to be taken In the com­ pletion of the North & South railroad, the route of which extends from Cas­ per, to Miles City, depends In a large measure upon the outcome of lawsuits amounting to $1,500,000 which will be opened in Buffalo, Wyo., December 19. The suits are brought by the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway com­ pany and the firm of Robert Brothers, Peterson, Shirley and Gunther, of Omaha, general contractors of the North & South against the receivers of the railroads nnd the railroad company together with the Reliable Security compnny, backers of the project. The Milwaukee and the contractors ask for mechanics’ liens against the railroad property, to satisfy claims of $1,450,242 for alleged balance due for work, mats furnished nnd anticipated profits, equipments and rental of equipments. If the claimants are successful, the liens will absorb the present value of the railroad. Attempted Bribery An information charging attempt to bribe a witness was ordered filed hy Judge Theodore Lentz In district court at Missoula, against Felix Dumontier, who was acquitted on a liquor churge Dec. 5. Judge Lentz’ action resulted when Bud Holiday, witness for the stnte nt Dumontior’s trial, appeared Thursday after failing to show up Wednesday. When asked hy the judge to explain his absence, he said that he was drunk and that he had secured the liquor from Dumontier. Further questioning brought the allegation by Holliday that Dumontier not only had given him the liquor but also had offered him $100 to stay away from the trial. A jail sentence of 30 days was imposed on Holliday. Loses Compensation By a margin of just two days, the widow o f Andrew Dent, killed July 31, fails of being his heneflcinry. The state industrial accident commission lms awarded his compensation to his three minor children. Dpnt was employed by the Hudtleff & Marquis company in th e lumber woods near Evarro, in western Mon­ tana, when he was killpd. The com­ mission found that, two days previous to the fatal accident Mrs. Dent had secured a decree of divorce. The de­ cree had not been recorded at the time of the death but the commission de­ cided thnt, so long as it had been granted, she was no longer his wife. Dismiss Complaint Against N. P. Approving a refund of $628.63 made by the Northern Pacific Railway com­ pany, the stnte railroad commission has dismissed the complaint of the Davis-Daiy Copper compnny of Butte against the railroad. It was alleged that the Northern Pacific charged the Davis-Daiy company more for hauling approximately 50 carloads of stulis from western Montana’points to Butte than the rate on stulis from these points to Rocky near Butte. Jump Proves Fatal Lester Reese, youngest son of Thomas Reese, a Gallatin county pioneer, who was injured internally at his ranch near Sedan Dec. 1, when he jumped from a wagon as his team was running away, died at the hospital at Wllsall. Killed By Hayrack Ralph Myrlck. 14-year-old son of Mr. nnd Mrs. Frank A. Myrlck of Stevens- vllle, was Instantly killed In an acci­ dent* there where a load of hny on which he was riding tipped over and he was crushed under the hayrack. May Fight Tax Levy.—A number of taxpayers from Saco In Phillips coun­ ty, have paid their taxes under protest, because the schoolbonrd in the Saco district has raised the tax levy this year from 19 to 38 mils. This was done because no provisions had hereto-- fore been made for retiring t h e i r bonds, which will soon be due and, the law requires that a levy be made sufficient to maintain a sinking fund to retire bonds when due. It Is re­ ported that an attorney has been hired and that a hearing will be asked be­ fore the county commissioners. Paroled Convicts Return to Prison Charles Worth and Frank Gllstrap, paroled convicts from the state peniten­ tiary at Deer Lodge who were arrested some time ago, when they were found to be carrying concealed weapons will be sent back to the state prison to serve out the remainder of their sen­ tences. It was declared by the prison parole board that the two men had broken their parole. The men will be sent back to Deer Lodge as soon as a warden from the penitentiary arrives in .Livingston to take the m e n in «barge. Stiate Capital! rsr e w s COMMISSION DENIES'. ROUNDUP MAN PERMIT Two applications to operate-motor vehicles in public service were denied by the Montana railroad commission! in orders ssued-Dec. 9. An application by Matt Kuchan fo r permission to operate between Round­ up to Mine No. 4, and several inter­ mediate points was denied and he was ordered to stop operation of any public carrier service outside the town o f Rouudup. An application from E. H. Blanken- burg to operate a public carrier be­ tween Glendive and Fairview was re­ fused but a certificate for license granted to J. A. Blankenburg over the same territory was confirmed, with the understanding that he furnish ade­ quate and satisfactory service and ob­ serve closely the commission’s regula­ tions. ★ ★ ★ OFFICIALLY PROCLAIMS- NEW LAWS IN EFFECT The three measures adopted by the people of Montana at the election Nov­ ember 4, became laws Dec. 9 when Governor Dixon officially proclaimed that the measures had received majori­ ties as certified to him'by the state canvassing board. The measures are: Metal mines tax, 1 a constitutional amendment defining qualifications for county superintend­ ents, and an act permitting the state to accept gifts for its institutions. The repeal of the presidential pre­ ference primary law also becomes ef­ fective. The fifth measure voted on, the sol­ dier bonus, was defeated. ★ ★ ★ SEEKS TO IMPROVE CARBONATED DRINKS' Efforts directed toward the raising of the standard of soft drinks manu­ factured In Montana are being made by G. D. Wiles as director of the dlvi- - sion of food §nd drugs of the state- hoard of health. Mr. Wiles has just re­ turned from eastern Montana where he gathered samples of carbonated drinks, also bringing in samples of other man­ ufactured products. -Purity of con­ tents nnd proper labeling are factors- of first importance in the state’s super­ vision of carbonated drinks.' ★ ★ ★ CONVICTION OF BUTTE DRUGGIST IS UPHELD Conviction in Butte of Charles Fin­ ley, a druggist charged with having sold morplijne without a doctor’s pre­ scription, Is upheld Ln a decision of the state supreme court written by Dis­ trict Judge Frank P. Leipe of Glendive, sitting in place of Associate Justice- Albert B. Galen, who Is 111. The opin­ ion was delivered Dec. 8. Ten assign­ ments of error were cited ln the ap­ peal. ★ * ★ 80,000 AUTOMOBILE LICENSE PLATES FOR 1925 By January 10 the state will receive about 80,000 automobile license plates, for 1025, it is announced by Charles T. Stewart, secretary of state. The Issu­ ing of licenses will begin the first o f the year. Next year’s plates*will have- a red background and white numbers. This year’s purchase for t h e next season represents a little more than 7 per cent increase over the number of licenses used in 1924. * * ★ WARNED TO KEEP CANDY CLEAN Candy offered for sale must be kept clenn and must not be on open display,. •Is the warning sent out by the state- board of health with the plan especial­ ly of protecting th e public against Christmas candy which is not sanitari­ ly kept. Candy or other confections- kept In open barrels or boxes where people can handle it is dangerous to health, the board believes. ★ ★ ★ MAN PAID $1,239 FOR LOSS OF EYE C. C. Peterson, who in the employ o f the Montana Central Elevator com­ pany at Harrison, October 19, 1923, got a wheat beard in his right eye, losing the sight of the eye, has been awarded a lump sum settlement of $1,239 by the state industrial accident board. The insurance is carried by the Hart­ ford Accident nnd Indemnity company. ★ * ★ NAMES COMMISSION TO ADJUST COUNTY DEBTS Governor Dixon has appointed the following men as members of the com­ mission to adjust the debts of Fergus and Petroleum counties, as provided by statute: John A. Wilson, Stanford; J. Otis Mudd, Winnett; E. K. Chendle. Jr. It is probable that the first meet­ ing will be held nt Winnett in about ton days. ★ ★ ★ MRS. COIT APPOINTED BY GOVERNOR DIXON Governor Dixon has appointed Mrs. Eleanor Colt of Big Timber a member of the executive board of the stnte vocational school for girls. She will fill out the unespired term of Mrs.. Lora O. Edmunds o f Absorkee, who has left the stnte, and her term wilt expire April 21, 1925. ★ ★ ★ FIVE CANDIDATES ADMITTED TO BAR Five candidates who have just taken the state bar examination at the cap- itol -have been admitted to practice law in the courts of Montana. They are: John W. Kelly, Butte; Marcus O’Farrell, Butter Floren M. Hammon, Savage; Bennet H. Smith, Billings; Louis M. Dyll, Helena.

The Choteau Montanan (Choteau, Mont.), 19 Dec. 1924, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.