The Montanian (Choteau, Mont.) 1890-1901, December 11, 1891, Image 2
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T H E M O N T A N I A N . PubKthad Every Friday Evening at Cboteau, Choteau Co., Montana. S. M. CORSON, Editor. TERMS OF SUBSCRIP1ION. BV MAII j —POSTAGE IREHAID. One copy, one year (In Advance) ............. $ Six Mon» bs ........ “ ............... Three Months... ................. Single Copies... ......... ; — Advortis’ng Rates on Application. 3 00. 150 . ion. 10 . FRIDAY, DECEMBER 11,1891. NEW S P A P ER LAW. A postmaster is required to give official notice (returning a paper not-a not satisfy the law) when a subscriber does not take hi - paper from tho office, and to state the reason' for ts being taken, and a neglect to do so makes the pos - master responsible to the publisher for the payment. , . . . . Any person who takes a paper from the post- office, whether directedin his nameor in that of another, or wht ther he has subscribed or not, is responsible for the pay. If a pci 'On orders his papor discontinued, he must pay all arrearages, or the publisher may continue to send it until payment is made, and collect the whole amount wi.other it be taken from the office or not. Thore ctm be no legal discontinuance until the payment is made. If the subscribe.' orders his paper to be stop ped at a certain time, and the publisher con tinues to send it, the subscriber is bound to pay for it if be takes it oat of the office. The law proceeds upon the ground that a man must pay for wliut he uses. The courts nave decided that refusing to take newspapers and periodicals from the poatoffice is prinia facie evidenco of intentional fraud. L ast Monday was a Crisp day for the Free Traders’ Mills. D om P edro , ex-Emporor of Brazil, died in Portugal last week. T he “Tammany Tough” carried off the democratic prize at the National capitol last Monday. Crisp is speaker of the House. F ort B enton , though slightly disfigured, is still in the ring and is the heavy weight champion among the heads of navigation in Mon tana. W hile Crisp has been chosen Speaker of the House of Repre sentatives by the democrats, it would be well to remembor that Mills grind slowly and exceeding small. T he Helena Journal announces in its last Sunday’s edition that the reading matter of that excel lent journal is soon to be put in type by machinery; also, that Mr. A. B. Keith, better known to the readers of the Journal as “The Sunday Sinner,” the wickedest man in Helena on Sundays, has invented a “Thinkabus” for grinding out. editorials of a supe rior character on short notice, and that by i he introduction of these two machines the Journal hopes to excell anything and everything in the newspaper line west of Chi cago. We congratulate the mana ger of the journal on his good luck in securing these two valuable acquisitions to a first- class newspaper office. With a machine to do first class thinking, the editor (the machine is to be operated by a crank) will be able to turn out excellent copy for the type setting machines which, in their turn, will complete the com position and make an epic of every poem and every editorial and news item a classic. G o s c h e n , the English chancellor of the exchequer, is in favor of the enlarged use of silver by the bank ol England. In France a strong feeling is also expressed in favor of the enla ged use of silver. These expressions on the silver question lias caused great satisfaction at t.he U. S. Treasury department and is regarded as a direct result of tile efforts being made by ¡Secretary’ Foster to secure the establishment of a parity between gold and sil ver among the great commercial nations of the world. When this has been secured we will have free coinage of silver. T he Secretary of the Iutericr says in his report that the United States may not endeavor to retain the desert lands for improvement by itself. Those already located may be transferred to the states or territories, and those yet to be located put under local control. Yet lie thinks the United States should reserve the right of forfeit ure in case ol great abuse or con flict of interests between states, or allowing the irrigation of vast dis tricts to fall into the hands of monopolies without sufficient pro tection for the people. He thinks the subject one of such pressing importance that congress should pass comprehensive laws at once, determining the national policy upon this subject. A n amendment to the constitu tion has been proposed by Pay master Rodney, of the United States navy, limiting the accumu lation of wealth by individuals. A law of that kind would certainly be of great advantage to every one, if it could be enforced, but there’s the rub. His proposed amendment is as follows: No citizen nor resident nor in vestor, in any or ail Slates, Terri tories or District, comprising the United States, shall be permit!ed to possess, in all kinds of properly an aggregate value of more than one million of dollars which sum shall be the limit of private prop erty in any individual, joint-indi vidual. guardian, trustee, or other form or device of private estate owner-hip. And whenever such private ownership or holding shall be found to exceed limit above named, the exce-s shall all be con demned as a public nuisance and a public peril, and be accordingly forfeited into the United States Treasury And the States, etc., shall, each and all, enforce this amendment by necessary or penal legislation, failing which, congress shall so enforce it. Such an amendment would cer tainly meet the approval of a large majority of the people, were it put to a vote, and we are inclined to the belief that something of that kind will some day be called for. M r . M ills , the spokesman for the free trade element which is now dominating the democratic party, says he is for free raw ma terial and a reduction of the tariff on manufactured goods to that figure which will bring the re quired revenue and no more. In this he will have the support of • many of the unscrupulous manu facturers of woolen goods in the east. We will s'-ow you why. It’s just as dear as anything you ever ©aw when once yon get your *‘heye lion the hobject,” and this is why? Thai the manufacturer of woolen goods is desirous of having the general government discrimi nate m his favor or against the foreigner, there is no doubt. That is, in truth, what all true Ameri cans desire. But while these man ufactnrers like protection for the product, of the*'r labors they are not willing to accord the same to the producers of raw material in this country. They want to buy the product of the woolgrower a- cheaply as possib'e but they want their labors protected. This is the kind of tariff’reform Mr. Mills is in favor of. Are you in with it? T he State Weather Bureau has appointed 0. L. Herzog, of the Rocky Mountain Telegr; ph Co„ in charge of weather signals to be displayed from the top of the Todd building at Great Falls. On the receipt of the news from Washington as to the state of the weather in Montana, Professor Herzog will hoist signals in the way of various color -d flags. Thus, a white flag denotes clear weather; one-half white and one half blue, local rains; one of solid blue, rain or snow; a black triangular pen non indicates a storm; a white flag with a black square in the centre indicates a snowstorm. It is safe to say that at h ast four times as many white flags will be required in this country as colored ones. W H E A T AW> FLOUR. Something' A boat, rlie Industry at G reat v alls. A reporter of the Great Falls Sunday Industrial interviewed a Cataract flouring mill man last week and learned considerable about wheat and milling that may be of interest to our readers, par ticularly as it demonstrates the practicability of raisin gaud milling wheat when plenty of water is on hand for the growing crops and for running mills. Last year there was plenty of rainfall around Great Falls and wheat was grown in great abundance anywhere on the benches, but last year was an exceptional year and the condi tions were such as cannot be re lied on. Here, around Choteau. tlie’situation is different. We have water for artificially supplying the needed moisture, while there they have not. We have a so un excelled water power. Here we do not rely upon the uncertainties of Nature to moisten the earth for us. We go to work, and Nature helps us The Industrial man learned: “That the mill had now more wheat on hand than they could possibly handle, and a larger amount than they would be able to gri nd for some weeks to come. Over 20,000 bushels of wheat is now stored away at the mill and on the outside, and the need of elevator facilities was never so badly felt as now. About 60 bar rels of flour is being turned out every twenty fours, and still the Mill company is far behind in their orders. Fouiteen men are employed by this company, which is certainly a good showing for so youthful an institution. It was also learned that the wheat crop raised in this vicinity is the larg est this year that it has ever known to be before. It is estima ted that there is about 100,000 bushels of wheat yet in t.he coun try round about Great Falls. It is evident from the increase in the yield of wheat this year, that farming is becoming a more gen eral industry than it has ever been in this section, and that it pays is sufficiently demonstated by the plethoric condition of the pocketb oks of those who engaged in the wheat raising industry this year. The Cafaract Mill company in tend to erect a lare elevator next year, and double the capacity of their present mill also. When the irrigating canals are once completed and the country settled by a thrifty class of farmer?, there ought to be no reasons why Great Falls should not become a great wheat center, rivaling Minneapo lis in the grinding of breadstuff’s.” --------------------- » - * » 4 --------------------- The S cientific A m erican. The Home and School, publish ed at Toronto, Cana, said in one of its issues that, “After the mor al and religions instruction of the family is secured, we know of nothing more interesting and in structive than a record of the progress of modern science and its marvelous achievements. And we know no medium which pre sents such a record in so full and readable a manner as that well known weekly, the Scientific American, established over forty years. It. will promote industry, progress, thrift, and intelligence wherever it is read. It is of special value to every machinist, mechanic, or engineer, but is also of use to the fasming and mercan tile community, on account of its illustrated notes on farming, fenc ing, farm buildings, implements,” etc., to all of which we say amen. Parties wishing to see a copy of the paper, or to subscribe for it. can do so at this office. Price, $3 a year. ___ ______ W K A T H i h t n'KFOKT. N ovember . 3891. 1890. Mean temperature, 30.4 40.7 “ Max. it 45.3 52.6 “ Min. it 18.3 29 3 Highest it 70.G 71 S Lowest it —16 43 8 a. m. it 29 8 41 9 8 p. m. it 29.3 39.4 Greatest ranee, day 26 15.4 • < “ 24 hours 41 39 Rain fell, days 3 2 it «C inches 7 5.5