The Montanian (Choteau, Mont.) 1890-1901, May 20, 1892, Image 2
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T H E M O N T A N I A N . Published Every Friday Evening at Choteau Choteau Co., Montana. s. M. CORSON, Editor. TERMS OF SUBSCRIP 1 ION. BY MAIL—POSTAOE PREPAID. One copy, one year (In Advance) .............. S 3 00. Six Months ..... “ . ........... Three Months. 8ingle Copies.... ............... Advertising Rates on Application. 1 0 -). 10 . FRIDAY, MAY 20,1892. of wool has fallen 20 per cent. It will fall still lower unless the present unjust tariff upon wool be taken oft’.” Does the Tribune remember how, at that same time.it opposed the election of Mr. Carter for that very reason, claiming that every thing would be so high in price that a poor man could not afford to wear even woolen socks? Its presentation of the case was not NEWSPAPER LAW. A postmaster is required to give official notice (returning a paper uoes not satisfy the law) when a subscriber does not take hi* paper from the office, and to state the reason* for its being taken, and a neglect to do so makes the pos - master responsible to the publisher for the payment! „ , Any person who takes a paper from the post- office, whether directediu his name or in That of another, or whether he has subscribed or not, is responsible for the pay. , It a person orders his paper discontinued, ho must pay all arrearages, or the publisher may continue to send it until payment is made, and ooUect the whole amount wnetker it be taken from the office or not. There con be no legal discontinuance until the payment is made. If the subscriber orders his puper to be stop ped at a certain time, and the publisher con tinues to send it, the subscriber is bound to pay for it if he takes it oat o f the office. The Jaw ptoceeds upon the around that a man must pay for what he uses. , . , The courts have decided that refusing to take newspapers and periodicais from the postoffice is piima facie evidence of intentional fraud. MORE ROT FOR T H E TRIBUNE. If the present tariff schedule has caused a reduction of 20 per cent in the price of wool, then the »mount of the tariff is not added to the cost of wool, as claimed by the Free Trader, is it? If the tariff is a tax which our people have to pay, who looses when the selling price is lowered 20 per cent, as claimed by reason of that. tar.ff? The Tribune claims now, that the taiiff is reducing the price of wool 20 per cent; Grover Cleve land claims, however, that the tariff is added to it, and yet the Tribune will support Cleveland on that same issue. If the amount of the tariff is ad ded to the cost of an article, then to remove that tariff is to reduce the cost that much. Then again, if five pounds of wool sells in the United States for $1, or 20 cents per pound, a foreigner shipping wool can get but $1, or 20 cents per pound for his wool. But be fore he can handle his wool here he must pay 12 cents per pound tariff, or 60 cents on the five pounds, leaving him but 40 cents for what the American gets $1 for. The American pockets the full value of his wool while the for eigner only put 40 per cent of it in his jeans, the other 60 per cen t going towards helping the Ameri can to run his government. If a tariff of 12 cents has reduced the price of wool 20 per cent, liow large a tariff would it take to re duce it 100 per cent? The Tribune says that “ when Tom Carter first rail for delegate to congress sheepmen were told that if Harrison was elected and the republicans could control the lower house of congress a tariff would be enacted that would en hance the price ot their wool. Harrison was elected and the re publicans controlled the last con gress. A new wool tariff schedule was enacted into law and the price true then, neither is it now. The first charge it admits by making the assertion that wool is reduced by the tariff. The tree trade doctrine, as pro mulgated by T. E. Collins Co., of the Great Falls Tribune, is a wonderful perversion of the facts in the case. T he Code Commissioners, ap pointed in pursuance of the act of the last legislature to codifiy the statutes of Montana, made their report in February. In their re port we find in relation to Stock Commissioners, Stock Inspectors and Estray law, the following: “ These laws haue been incor porated in the Code, the Commis sioners being unwilling either to repeal or modifiy them, but they are subject to many objections as to their constitutionality and ex pediency. The Commissioners leave the whole matter to the Legislative Assembly with the suggestion that such laws are con trary to the spirit at least of the Constitution, which prohibits class legislation and the delegation of legislative and administration powers to a body unknown to fundamental law. rlhe estray law as hereinbefore mentioned has been repealed by the Code. This law was so mani festly unconstitutional and unjust, that it was deemed absolutel}7 necessary to leave it out of the Code. By this law the Stock Com missioners were not only granted legislative and administrative powers but to some extent acted in a judicial capacity. The Stock Commissioners, their officers and employes, were authorized to take up summarily one kind of prop erty, to-wit, horses, and sell it and pay the proceeds of the sale into the treasury for the benefit of the Stock Inspecteor and Detective fund. In reference to the law relating to marks and biands in the pro posed Codes the Secretary of State is made the general recorder of marks and brands instead of the Secretary of the Stock Commis sioners. This is done in order to avoid the constitutional objection above referred to.” The commissioners recommend that all statutes heretofore passed giving bounties for killing wild animals be repealed, and say: “ A bounty law of this kind is subject to so many frauds and is so expensive, and the good result ing therefrom so remote and un satisfactory that it ought to be wiped from the statute book. All statutes offering to pay a bounty for the production of ah article of food or commerce or ex empting any particular property from taxation have not been codi fied, and in effect will be repealed on the adoption of the Codes for the reason that all such laws are in conflict with the Constitution.” THE B A N K OF CHOTEAU. An Orgratkizatiou Effected and the Concern Assurred. A second meeting of several of our monied citizens was held at the office of Lawyer Sulgrove in this place on Tuesday afternoon and the organization of The Bank of Choteau perfected. The capi tal stock of $25,000 was also sub scribed and a location bought on which to erect a building. Geo. J. Smith was elected presi dent, and Chas. W. Gray, vice- president. The directors elected are Wm. U1 m,- Sol Cohen, Julius Hirshberg, Frank Trucho% W. S. Barrett, S. F. Ralston, Sr., and U. G. Allen. The plans for the build ing are now being prepared at Great Falls by competent archi tects and are to be sent here ds soon as possible, where they will be placed on exhibition and/ bids invited for the construction of the same as per notice to contractors published in another column. The site selected for the new building is the lot adjoining the office of T he M ontanian on the south and from which the build ing now occupied as *he New County Saloon is being to-day re moved to make room for the new structure. The kind of building, whether of brick, stone or wood, was not fully determined upon at the time of the meeting, but will be decided when the bids aie open- ed on the 28th insl. The formation of the bank of Choteau is the beginning of a now era in the growth 'ff Choteau, and one, too, that if properly attend ed to will make this town a beau tiful city. Besides a bank, how ever, other things are heeded and our people should not rest until they also, are secured. Let us “ beckon for the railroad, with its steeds of smoke and flame, the railroad 30 miles away—if we mo tion, it will come.” T he Choteau M ontanian has issued the first paper in the third year of its publication, and we are glad to know that it has a wealth of courage to continue the good work. T he M ontanian is a sturdy friend o f the sheep raiser, and lias no time for the free wool doctrine of Springer and his gang. It al ways speaks plainly for the pro tection of the American industry and American labor. As long as it champions these principles it is worthy of the support of every resident in its chosen field, who has at heart the best possible de velopment of this new state.— Great Falls Leader. W e don’t know of a more forci ble truth than the one recently told by the editor of an exchange, who says that “ when a man looks upon a newspaper as a charitable institution, he simply lacks' good sound horse sense. > A live local newspaper is the main-stay of any town or community, and the in dividual who has not senseibnough to recognize this fact, ought to sell out and locate in some backwoods settlement, in Missouri. It is the only means by which the outside world may know of your existing as a town or city.”—Marysville Mountaineer. I n it s training with the demo.- c rats our esteemed contemporary across the way is making such poor progress that it will shortly be placed in the “ awkward squad” and if after a reasonable length of time has elapsed, it does not give promise of becoming of some practicle use to the “ machine” it will be discharged from the service of Tim Collins & Co., and . left to rustle on its own account. I f o u r esteemed contemporary of to morrow dosen’t attend to “ training with the democrats” a little more attentively Tim Col lins will put it in the “ awkward equad,” sure. T he democrats of Montana who refuse to allow their names to go before the nominating convention for governor have the courage of their convictions. A re the people of Choteau go ing to let the golden opportunities which now present themselves, slip through their fingers,as it were? W ith a large fort at Helena and a navy yard at Great Falls, Mon tana ought to be safe. T he T ribune claims that, Great Falls is going to have a navy yard. O rganize that Board of* Trade at once. President Harrison to the senate: “ It may not be inappropriate, how ever, to say here, believing that the full use of silver as coin metal upon an agreed ratio, by the great com mercial nations of the world would promote the prosperity of all their people, I have not and will not let any favorable opportunity pass for the promotion of that most desirable result; or if free international silver coinage is not presently attainable, then to secure the largest practicable use of that metal.” NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS AND BUILDERS. The undersigned, the building commit tee of The Bank of Choteau invite sealed proposals until 6 o ’clock p. m. Saturday, May 28,1892, for the construction of a building for such bank according to the plans and specifications to be seen at the office of James 8ulgrove, attorney, Ohoteau, and William Ulm, Great Falls. The bidder receiving the contract is expected to give preference to all build ing materials, barware, etc., purchasa ble in Choteau, and to give sufficient bond for the completion of the building according to contract. Bids to be addressed to .JamesGibson, Chairman, Choteau, or William Ulm, Great Falls. The committee will reserve the right to reject any and all bids. .T a m e s G ibson , S o l . C ohen , J ulius H irsh berg , W il l i a m U l m , J ohn J ackson . May 20,1892.