The Montanian (Choteau, Mont.) 1890-1901, December 09, 1892, Image 4

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- TH E IN D IA N S AT W ORK. The Crow Indians as B u ilders . o f I r r ig a t in g Canals. i [Helena independent] .The experiment of constructing ... an extensive irrigating system in. the Crow reservation, on which all the unskilled work should be done by the Indians themselves, was a move in the direction of a solution of the Indian problem. The work has been vigorously prosecuted for several months under the direc tion of Walter H. Graves, engin­ eer in charge on behalt of the gov­ ernment, and a ditch builder of long and successful experience. About ten miles of ditches have been constructed and a great many miles more planned in vari­ ous valleys of the great reserva- ' tion. The work done so far has been accomplished at a cost of about $5,000 less than the engi-- neer’s estimates, and with the e x ­ ception of the engineer and one white man who acted as foreman, the work has been done by Crow Indians and their teams. The work was undertaken with con­ siderable misgiving on the part of the officials of the Indian bureau at Washington, who had little faith in the success of an enter­ prise of that sort when carried on by white men, and much less faith in its success when carried on by- Indian labor. But the work has been done, and has been well and cheaply done. The Indians were paid every two weeks in cash and the effect of the distribution of several thousand dollars of extra money among them is very notice- . able. A great many of them now own excellent work teams pur­ chased from their earnings on the ditch. Instead o f ‘depending on the tribe herd for their animals they have bought mauy horses and mules of ' traders who have come into the reservation, or they have gone, in many instances, to Billings and other places and bought high grade animals- suita­ ble lor heavy work. They no long­ er depend entirely on the agency for their supplies of harness, but have gone to near by towns and bought a better quality. They al- 5 so have bought many other things more to their liking than the arti­ cles supplied them gratis by the government. Mr. Graves says .that many of them have saved up almost all of their earnings and now have com­ fortable sums of money in their possessions. At first they insisted in haying their pay in silver, which was procured for them at considerable trouble. Before long they began to understand the value of paper money and prefer red to have their wages paid in it. Almost every man who has been . employed on the ditch now has a large red leather pocket book in which lie carries, smothly pressed out, Lis savings. A good' many of them understood the atvantages of putting out money at interest* and frequently have' asked7Mi\ Graves', and others in whom they had confidence, to keep, for them. A. number ...of. them leave money in the keepingsOf the Indian: agent_, occasio na!ly:cal 1 i ng; around-and asking J o see-the..mon­ ey, that they may have pfoof|that it ie being sately kept. On these, occassions they expert to have the. identical money shown them that they left on deposit,' not having fully grasped the equivalence- of equal sums of money represented: by bills of different denominations Mr. Graves says the prevailing idea that the Indians have no thrifty qualities has'been entirely dispelled by his experience on the reservation. Mr. Graves reports that many of the Indians employed when . the work was begun continued willi him until work was stopped for the winter, a period of about four months. They reported promptly on time, and worked faithfullv throughout each day. The longer the work continued, the greater - the number of Indians offering to work. ■— y - - - • — ♦ ■ ■ - —- —i i - Some Trying “T a k es.” • A reckless compositor one day went in to Jules Janin and be­ sought him to decipher some pages of his own manuscript. The great man replied that he would rather rewrite than attempt to read over again what he had once written. Few printersjcould read Balzac’s copy, and those who could made an express stipulation with their employer to work at it only one hour at a time. Even after the hieroglyghics had been translated into print, the proof sheets came back rqore illegible than the origi­ nal copy. But no penman, either Ameri­ can or foreigu, could have been worse than Horace Greely. Said a new compositor to whom a ’take’ of the editor’s copy had been handed, {kIf Balshazzar had seen- this writing on the wall he would have been more terrified than he was.—Exchange. IQO FREE WATCHES! Given by the Oldest Newspaper in New York City. In addition to the nnmeroas new and origi­ nal premiums offered to subscribers. we pro­ pose to present them with 100 Watches, all of which are guaranteed hy T. Linch, llih St. and Union Square, New York City, who furnishes them to us. v The Advertiser Is tne oldest newspaper in New York City. Its Weakly edition is pub­ lished in two sections and comes out_every Tuesday and Friday—101 times daring the year; has six to eight pages every issue, is well printed, has plenty of pictures, Bhort stories telegraphic news, financial and market reports a woman’s page and the ablest editorials pub-, lished by any New York paper. I t i s a model' home paper, with elevating and entertaining reading matter, devoid of sensations and ob - , jectionable advertisements, All for $100 a year. # Specimon copies and Premium Lists with, fall particulars of the-Attractive Inducomontsj for Agents, sent Free on applic ation to T H E A D V E R T I S E R , £9 P&fkR<*>w.N,Y. I S u b s c r ib e fo r T h s M ont an i a n . «àgi ■ t i - ¿ Í 1 • , .. < , < »*, ? •*\ r4l94;T- 7'- - 7'-;' -T--V t-V \Capitar p a id lip , \ $ 1 0 0 , 0 0 0 .; 1 V j *’■ ' s ' J l v ^ ^ -a*' H . JftO. ~W. -POWER; * - President.. L. W . PECK, -, .- Vice-President. CHASi E. - D p E R , Y ? • Cashier; ^ ..Bpar.d_pf^Directors ;Z:: J no . W . P ow e r , L . H . H e r s h f i e l d , J n o . L e p l e y , ' C hab . E. L ib b y , ~ J ob : H ir s h b e r g , J n o ; OEL G r e e n ,; ’ L ouis W . P eck , D a v id G. B r o w n e . C h a s . E. D u e r . - ’ - - ■ \ . T r a n s a c t a G e n e ral Banking;: B u siness. LOCAL\ SECURITIES A SPECIALTY. - Interest allowed on time deposits. Tl ME TABLE OF GREAT FALLS. AND CANADA RAILROAD. GOING north ; 11.00 p. m. llVip . * 12.20 a. m. Leave Great Falls ,1* u Vaughn, “ Steell, “ Collins, * “ Pondera, \ “ Conrad, _ _. An;. Shelby Junction, -6.00\ “ going south . Leave Shelby Junction, 2.50 p. m U' u - 5.00 “ Conrad, “ Pondera, u Collins, 11 Steell, “ Vaughn, Arr. at Great Falls, 3.40 “ 5.20 « 6.50 “ 8.15 11 8.50 “ 9.30 “ The County S h £ r |£ > l e R é è É q ^ M ain S5 t * v C h o t e a u . A ngus B ruce , Proprietor. ip y C h o ice Wines, Liquors and Cigars. I s T E W B U T C H E R ' S H O P . TRÜGH0T and CRAWFORD, . . . . . . . . P r o p s . M A I N S T R E E T , .C H O T E A N . f T - . . . Dealers in ALL KINDS of Farm . ^ ' - . • ‘ - . . * : -v' -PKODUCE. * . v ; '■ * ’ ' ‘ ^ , y y i w f * J £ S r >.■ \ • - . - - 1 ^ - > 7 v i . » s \ l ur*K,'-Sf ^ v \ v 'i- ^ - S p e c i a l ^ t o 3 ‘ _ jcKmen i :\7 ^ V\ G ò ò d H o t e l and S t a b l e s i N ì G o n n e c - • \ t < a 4 7 - \ ^ . r-fi i 1 r -- .^TION . a - r ' . ^ É lk b à il ojäiid geiVöüP' pì-ioès. s * *•*•>**• • •x 7 >. ^ - u ’SJí ¿ . f - ■ sfr\ « a n d ; ' . OÄ.OBPÄXA.a-.Ei S H O P . \T * - 1 % All kinds of wood work neatly, - ‘ T .•> - and promptly doné. - - - ' ’ 1 * , WHEEL REPAIRING A. SPECIALTY. 't flHOTEAU, , : J.-E. WEBB. V - ' T , . MONT i . * I’d ;W !H |( S ! ! ¡ i ■Ü l! li 'il i' ie > b W .tw _D. c - .' (D *IMI (Q ¡P4 N iPt t o ! p i « © -d -d o © - M © -a >- o*- ■',CS. : d .- i^io ¡Hid m ia ii i f (i iiH 1 3 1 0 , a l u V H ' i ' 1 \*z\'2z ^ 2<i o j ’ 'M& ^ o 4 . ti ® ; 0 ~ c O IN Ifl n ;,]3 . M S’.o , 8 |¿ ? • ^ - ?ig io4 ; ; o ; W n - I w ¡ ■ I , . H b* -■t HENRY’S PH ARM AO Y- T H S NEW DRUG STORE, OSOTE A N . : MONT. P U R E : E N T M E D I O I N E S j . . FINE PERFUMES MD . TOILET a M cles ; EVERYTHING NEW-ZAND FRESH. o o ^ ^ o x T i N r x D x i s r o - - 1 1 f % - f - •Hi.*. ■C \* * / -

The Montanian (Choteau, Mont.), 09 Dec. 1892, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.