The Dillon Examiner (Dillon, Mont.) 1891-1962, July 27, 1921, Image 9

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„IL -. , ft A , l f ' S •> , ' » , - ' \ \ _ '• f/ * ' “ -Í 1 ,\ } i ••.’ •••. ,-* « ,•• ’ . :-•• • ■ • .i •*,<'.*■. - •1 : s • •'.- '■ • .:■■’■•..•• V V .. • i \ : , ; , Weâ&eeday, Juíy 27, 1091.’ A N T O N M . H O L T E R , B Ë D A M C A M E u i l d ë N , PRESIDENT CLAPP ON MONTAÑA OIL SAYS SOURCE OP PETROLEUM IS A GREENISH BLACK SAND CALLED COLORADO SHALE First Gas Wells in State Found in • Carbon County, First Commercial Gas at Havre; first Commercial Oil in Carbon and Then Came Cat Creek. President C. H. Clapp of the Uni­ versity of Montana says the western part of the state is eliminated as an oil producing country because of the many fractureB and upheavals that have taken place. The eastern part of the state is also eliminated because the source of the oil is so deep that to bore to the depth required to find oil would be prohibitive at the pres­ ent time. “ The history of the rock formation may be% divided into three parts,” Bald Mr. Clapp. “The rocks in the western part of the state may be called the ancient rock, that in the middle of the state may be termed the medieval rock, and that of the eastern part the recent rock. First Gas Well. “ The first gas wells in the state wer found in Carbon county in 1897, and the first great gas-producing well in the state was drilled at Havre in 1915. In the Sweetgrass hills there is some gas, but not in paying quan titles. In 1916 oil in paying quanti ties was found in Elk Basin, and the output there is about 80,000 barrels a year, The Cat Creek oil field was discovered in 1919, causing a great impetus tp the oil industry in the state. Since then many drillings have been made, some of them productive and some not. “To be productive, an oil field must have four conditions. First, there must be a source of oil. This source is usually a greenish black shale, called the Colorado shale. It is rich in organic remains, either of plant or animal material. .The pressure and heat that have been ap­ plied determine that quality of the oil found. There must also be a por­ ous stratum to contain the oil. This stratum may be of sandstone, or lime­ stone, and form a reservoir for the oil. This porous stratum must have an impervious covering, usually -of shale, that will prevent the oil find gas from escaping. The whole of this structure must then be covered by what is called a cap rock, which is impervious. In some cases, where Unis cap rock is fractured, we find that a thick clay has prevented the escape of the oil and gas. Keeps in Oil and Gas. “This cap rock, which is impervi- .ous, is like an overturned basin, keep­ ing in all the oil and gas. Finally, there must be water pressure to force the oil near the surface. We may find the oil above the water, or we may find it in a state of emulsion. “We find some relation between the coal fields and the oil fields, the different .grades of coal determining the amount and quality of the oil produced. In general I may state that the more volatile matter con­ tained in the coal the less oil is found although in the lignite areas there is little oil. The great oil fields are found where the distillation in the coal is great. The best,ryields of oil are found where the distillation is between 65 and 70 per cent. Depth Is a Factor. “The depth of the Well has a great deal to do with the possibilities of production. A well 1,000 feet deep may be' drilled at a cost of about $10,000. As the well goes deeper the cost of drilling mounts rapidly, so that well 7,500 feet deep would cost about $75,000; A well about 4,000 feet deep is about the present limit of a profitable well, although they have been drilled to a depth of 7,000 feet in a few cases. “The migration of oil is upward, and when a dome is found where the dips at the sides are steep the'oil may be taken with greater ease. At any rate wherever the side dips are steep a test well is warranted in this state.” A. M. Holter, pioneer lumberman, merchant and mining operator who built up a large fortune through his energy and enterprise, , died at his home in Helena a few days ago, at the\ age of 90. He was< singled out by King Haakon of Norway as one of the two Norwegians in the United States, the other being Senator Knute Nelson of Minnesota, who had achieved most in the new world. Mr. Holter was born at Moss, a village on the eastern shore of Chris­ tiania Fjord, Norway, June 29, 1831. His parents were Folen and Bertha M. (Flogstad) Holter. He was third in a family of five, having two older brothers and a younger brother and a sister. Following the, death of his father, who was lost at sea, his moth­ er was left with scanty means of sup port and he went to live with a paternal uncle with whom he remain ed on his farm until he was 17 years old, learning to read fairly well and to write some, thus qualifying for his confirmation, when 15, as a member of the Lutheran church. Came Here a Youth. Although his early ambition was to become a sailor the fate of his father deterred him from following this vo­ cation and he learned the carpenter’s trade. At the age of 23 he came to the United States by way of Quebec. While en route the train on which he was speeding to Chicago was wrecked near London, Canada, and five pas­ sengers were killed. This was in 1854. ' His stay in Chicago was brief and he pushed to Decorah, Idaho, where he secured work at carpentering at $20 a month, while inferior workmen were receiving $1 a day. Air, Holter, however, saved money and by judici­ ous investments soon accumulated $3,000. He then went to St. Louis and in 1860, with his brother, Martin M„ journeyed to Colorado, locating near what is now Idaho Springs and South Clear creek. In the fall of 1863, Mr. Holter and his partner, E. Evenson, brought a sawmill to Virginia City, Mont., which they put up in Rams Horn gulch, 18 miles away. In 1864 they started lumber yards at Virginia City and Nevada City. That summer he and his two partners, Norelius and Olson, built the waterworks at Vir­ ginia City, not an easy task. Piping and hydrants Wbre made of logs and they paid $150 each for three-inch augurs, made in a neighboring black­ smith shop. In 1864 Mr. Evensen went to Denver and purchased a sec­ ond-hand planing mill, but being un­ able to secure sawmill machinery, he loaded his train with flour and other provisions and started for Virginia City. Active in Virginia City. He was snowed iii at Snake river, lost most of his outfit and brought what remained on pack animals to Virginia City at a cost of 10 cents a pound. But nails were then selling at $150 a keg, in smaller quantities at $2 a pound; flour, which had brought $150 a sack, dropped to $60, and Mr. Holter reshipped the flour to Helena, selling it there for $100 a sack. In 1865 he purchased a sec­ ond-hand portable steam engine and boiler and set it up on Ten Mile N T A N A A P O O R B O Y A N D A T T H E A B E O F N I N E T Y Anton M. Holter, whose busy cqreer cuine to an end in Helena a few days ago. Ho came to Montana with very little money and built up many industries. r creek, eight miles west of Helena, in connection with the planing mill brought by Mr. EvenBen from Colo­ rado. This was the first planing mill in Montana. While lumber at Virginia City had brought $125 a thousand for cdmtnon and $140 for sluce and flume lumber, the Helena price was only $100 for common, and this price soon dropped to $40. In June, 1865, Mr. Holter bought Mr. Evensen’s interest,and took as partner his brother, Martin; forming the firm of A. M. Holter & Brother. By the winter of 1865-6 common lumber had advanced to $70. The mill was kept busy night and day and they made a little money, but be­ ing compelled to operate With inex­ perienced hands, accidents occurred and several men were killed. In the fall of 1866 Mr. Holter went east and was a month on the road to Chicago. The fare to Omaha by stage was $350 in gold dust, or $700 in currency. De­ ducting stop-overs, they made the trip in actual travel of 17 days and nights,. the qujckest, time, {hen °n rec­ ord. Mr. Holter purchased in th£ east a new steam sawmill, machinery for a sash and door factory, appli ances for a distillery and a stock of merchandise. Some of these articles were over two years in reaching their destination. A Dangerous Journey. During his visit to Chicago Mr Holter was married, April 6, 1867 To seal In the delicious Burley tobacco flavor. It’s Toasted At the recent convention at Helena of the Montana Retail Merchants’ Association a new president was elected, F. J. Perra of Great Falls being honored by elevation to the po­ sition. Mr. Perra has been one of the live wires of the local merchants’ association of the Electric City and is an indefatigable worker for better organization among the merchants of the state and for good merchan­ dising methods. He is working with the executive committee of the as­ sociation, composed of O. F. Tait of Carter and G. W. Merkle of Belt, on an extensive and constructive pro­ gram for the ensuing year for the state merchants’ association, and will shortly.‘make an announcement con­ cerning this that will Interest every merchant in Montana. to Miss Mary P. Loberg, a Norwegian girl, and she journeyed to Montana via St. Louis, and on the Missouri river to Fort Benton. Mr. Holter re­ turned on the overland stage of the Smoky Hill route, via ; Denver and Salt Lake City. Seventeen passengers took the stage at Salina, Kan., and by the provident care of the1 stage Company each man was provided with a rifle and ammunition. While they were not attacked by Indians, they found the stage stations along the route burned and the stock killed. Once the passengers laid three days and nights in a haystack. They drove the same mule team three stages— 75 miles— on account of the burning of the stations and the slaughtering of the stock. As they passed one of these stations it was in flames, with the roof just falling in, indicating the close proximity of the Indians. After 25 days of threatening peril they reached Helena in safety. Mr. Holter, however, was extreme­ ly anxious concerning his bride. At Salt Lake. City he was informed' that the steamer Gallatin, on whieh his wife had taken passage, had been captured by the Indians, while she was told that the overland stage had been attacked and the passengers slain. Oil his return to Helena, Mr. Hoi ter erected a store on Main street (Last Canee gulch), where the Pitts burg block later was built, and in the fall of 1867 the brothers opened general store. In 1868-69 the sash and door factory and the distillery were completed, the first plants of their kind established in Montana The saw and planing mill burned in March, 1869; one month later the first big fire occurred in Helena and the fjlrm lost $40,000. Pioncéred in Mining. Peculiar interest attaches to Mr Holter’s connection with the intro duction of concentrators. He was ,a pioneer in this mining industry. In 1871 the Rumley mine was discov ered and purchasing an interest in it he opened negotiations with Freder ick Utsch, of Cologne, Germany, for his right in. the American patent of the'Utsch concentrating jig. Mr. Hoi ter for years retained the document written in German, conveying the right “In consideration of 60 German rlx;-marks for each machine,” to use the jigs in America. Mr. Holter had one of them shipped to Montana, and in the early 70’s he erected the first concentrator in the Rocky mountains on the Rumley mine. It was soon evident that the ma­ chinery erected was not of sufficient strength for the work and was a fail­ ure, except to show what might be accomplished by stronger machinery The value of these works Montana understands better than any other portion of the world through Mr. Hol­ ter’s persistency in their introduction In 1877 Mr. Holter purchased an interest in the Parrot, mine and In 1880 the Parrot Silver and Copper company was organized; in 1878 he and Mr. Newell invented and patent­ ed a wooden amalgamating pan. In 1879', to benefit his Impaired health, he took a trip of eight months to Eu­ rope, spending most of the time in Sweden and Norway. In 1882 Holter & Brother erected a sawmill on Stickney creek and started a lumber yard at the mouth of Sun river, on the site of the city of Great Falls. In 1880 he was. one of a company that purchased the Elkhorn mine, at Ketchmn, Ida., and in 1881 he be­ came interested in the Maginnis and Kit Carson mines in Montana and in thè Feacòck, Helena and White Mon­ ument mines in Idaho, and in 1883 in the Helena Mining and Reduction company; their smelter in East Hel­ ena was erected in 1888. In 1884 Mr. Holter was connected with the first streiet railway and electric light plant in Helena; in 1886 with others, he organized the Helena Concentrating company, with plant at Wardner, Ida.; purcased an interest in the Hel­ ena and Victor Mining company; or­ ganized the Livingston Coal and Coke company; opened its mines and built a washing plant at Cokedale, in Park county. In 1887 he established the Holter. Lumber company and the A. M, Holter Hardware company. In 1888 he purchased the Helena Frisco properties at Wardner, Ida., and erected a large concentrator (de­ stroyed by the labor riots in 1892 and later rebuilt), and in 1890 he and others organized the Cascade Land company; in 1892-3 he did de­ velopment work in the Trail Creek district, now Rossland, B. C., and in company with other Helena parties he purchased the Blue Canyon coal mines in 1891; he began construc­ tion work on the Bellingham Bay & Eastern railway in 1892, and assisted in organizing the Coeur d’Alene Hardware company at Wallace, Ida. Mr. Holter was largely interested in the Peck concentrating plant at Cor­ bin and in one at East Helena. In 1898 he was prominent in the organ­ ization of the Sand Point Lumber company at Sand Point, Ida., which later became the Humbird Lumber company. In 1892 Mr. Holter, with his fam­ ily, made five months’ trip to Eu­ rope. Mr, Holter was a republican, but without caring for office, he was caled upon to hold positions of trust. In 1878 he was elected to the terri­ torial council; in 1881 he was a mem­ ber of the city council of Helena and later was elected to the house of rep­ resentatives of the state, serving in both the first and second sessions. He was one of the first school trus­ tees elected in 1869, and was the first republican elected to this office in Lewis and Clark county. He was largely interested In the building of the first school house in Helena, which cost $25,000, over $11,000 be­ ing realized from the sale of county warrants. Financially, politically and social­ ly, his career shows a distinct and un­ qualified success; six m I t W ou ) pullets LAY EGGS; HATCH CHICKS Joseph N, Kenck, of East Helena, was around town last week telling a tale about “ chickens” that should in­ terest poultry fanciers and experts, for he, or rather Mrs. Kenck who handles the fowls at the Kenck home, believes that pne fallacy relating to pullets has been exploded. The birds are not supposed to lay before they are sty months old, and none to set for a year. However, this is what happened: The latter part of last January, 37 young chicks were hatched. By the middle of May— three months and a half after being hatched— the pullets began laying. This’ was surprising; but on Juno 19, one of the pullets in­ sisted upon setting, so 15 pheasant eggs were secured from the state fish and game commission and the pullet was given a chance to demonstrate. July 14, she came off the nest with 11 young pheasants which some day will be marks for the sportsman’s gun. Mr. Kenck says he expects to be INDUSTRY BOOMING SAWMILL*» RUNNING FULL BLAST AND CONDITIONS ARE BACK TO NORMAL AGAIN. Great Northern's Discovery That Larch Is Best for Rail Ties Helps Revival; 27,000,000 Feet of Tim­ ber Sold to Sawmill in Somers in One Order. Virtually every sawmill in Flat- head and Lincoln counties is running full blast and the lumber industry is back to normal after a period of lim­ ited production, it was reported last week by Henry Good, member of the state highway commission and a well known lumberman. Good on July 1 completed delivery to the Somers Lumber company of 27.000. 000 feet of timber, one Of the biggest “ drives” he has handled in 30 years’ experience in logging in that region. He employed 400 men in the fall, winter and spring months. For about two months he will not carry on any operations and most of his men have gone to the harvest fields. They will return in September. Discovery by the Great Northern Railway company that Montana larch (tamarack) is the most durable wood obtainable in the northwest for rail­ road ties has had a large share In re­ storing the lumbering industry, Good Bald. Formerly the railroad shipped in Oregon fir for its ties, but now big pickling plants have been established in this state and the tamarack is be­ ing shipped to all parts of Montana and into North Dakota. Subsidiary corporations of the railroad own large areas of forest land and with this supply and the supply available from state and federal forests there will never be any shortage of mate­ rial for ties, Good believes. Of the 27,000,000 feet logged out this year by Good, 18,000,000 feet came from privately owned land and most of the remainder from state owned land. Many other logging con­ tractors brought out large quantities, the Somers company alone obtaining 13.000. 000 to 15,000,000 feet in ad­ dition to the amount handled by Good. The I. W. W. members, who for­ merly created so many disturbances in the northwestern timber regions in Montana, have Jbeen quiet for several months, Good reports. Their lead­ ers, he believes, have warned them that jobs are none too plentiful and that now Js the time to hang on to a job if one has it. called a “ nature fakir” as well as a prevaricator, but that he can prove that the pullet referred to both laid and hatched before she was six months old. 1 OF GRANVIlLL ì PU M E I00 m u m Yl ,By TEDDY BLUE. In 1880, when Granville Stuart started in the cattle business with the old D-S outfit, his son, Charlie, was sent with the first herd that was trallod from the Madison river to what is now Fergus county. He was only a boy, but took to the business like a duck to water. For several cowpunchors roaming through the country with a pack outfit in a Dodge car. Believe me, times have changed. From the Yellowstone river to the Bow river in Canada there is not a man living or dead that knows the history of that part of the cattle range like Charlie Stuart. He knows every outfit that ever ran cattle THE LAST OF A GREAT HERD——This photograph, taken by Mrs. Joe Reynolds at the Long X ranch in Valley county, shows the butcher­ ing of the last Long X calf in 1920, and marks the closing out of one of the best known cow outfits on the Northern Montana range. Charlie Stuart, son of Granville Stuart, the famous pioneer' who dis­ covered gold in Montana in 1858, is seen standing at the right In the picture. years he wrangled the horses, and when the cattle were moved to the north side of the Missouri river in 1886, 87 and 88, Charlie went with them and has been there ever since When the D-S moved the Shelby country, Charlie quit the outfit and worked for several years for John Survant, who ran the Circle Diamond outfit, with headquarters at Malta. He also worked for the Coburn out­ fit. In 1905 he went to'work for the Long X, one of the best known out­ fits in Northern Montana. He punch­ ed cows for them for 14 years, and when they closed out their outfit, he rode the range for their horse outfit. This year Charlie is working lor his old wagon boss, Norval Wallace, who ran the Long X for so many years and now has a cow outfit of his own on Squaw creek, in Garfield county. Charlie and Norval Wallace came to see me a short time ago, and it sure did look queer to see two old there, big or little, He can tell you where every cowpuncher moved to. The plains were like an open book to him, and lots of cowpunchers have told me that you can’t lose Charlie, but I know that, myself. Charlie is the best story teller on the range and has a wonderful mem­ ory. He has always been a great reader. In the 36 years I have known him I have never heard him say a1» ill word of a cowpuncher. They all «ook good to that old boy. He i*/a great admirer of Charlie Russpll, toe artist. He says Russ never makes a mistake— every strap and buckle is right. His horses and men are just as they were in the old range 'days, and that Is the great charm Russell’s pictures have for us old cowpunchers. Charlie Stuart is the only man in Montana I know who has ridden the range for'4 ryears straight for wages, and he is still , going strong, .

The Dillon Examiner (Dillon, Mont.), 27 July 1921, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.