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DILLON EXAMINER r MORE CRIPPLED PERSONS GETTING EMPLOYMENT NOW JOBS FOB PERSONS HANDICAPPED PHYSICALLY, INCREASE DUE TO WAR EFFORT Employment of physically handi capped men and women Is expanding rapidly, particularly in the nation’s industrial centers where they are be ing successfully used in many manu facturing and production jobs, accord ing to a study by an insurance, com pany. Needs of war industry combined with draft exemption are making it possible to place thousands of crippled or other wise handicapped persons in both skilled and unskilled jobs. They are proving efficient, satisfactory workers where properly selected and placed, ac cording to the., study, which compiles figures furnished by government em ployment offices from Maine to Texas showing increases ranging from 50 percent to over 300 percent in place ments of handicapped persons com pared with a year ago. Connecticut shows a rapid increase In absorption of physically handi capped persons into industry with a Jump of nearly 300 percent in num ber of such placements in the year, 1941, compared with the year, 1940, and a further increase of more than 300 percent In placements during the first quarter of 1942 compared with the first three months of 1941. Skilled and semi-skilled persons who have physical impairments, according to the report from Hartford, are readily ac cepted by war industries regardless of the severity of the disability if they can meet the actual requirements of the job. Unskilled and seriously han dicapped persons find it much more difficult to secure employment, but are nevertheless being placed in many in stances by co-operative efforts on the part of the government employment service and the vocational rehabilita tion service of the state department of education. A wide variety of Jobs are being satisfactorily filled in Connecti cut industries by handicapped persons, as toolmakers, machinists, machine op erators, inspectors, general factory la borers, bench workers, clerks, book keepers, etc. In Ohio, public employment offices placed 3,531 handicapped persons in 1941 compared with 2,238 in .1940, hp increase of over 50 percent; while in the first three months of 1942, 989 placements were made as against 591 in the corresponding period of 1941, thus maintaining approximately the same steady rate of Increase, the study states. As another outstanding example of increasing use made of handicapped persons, the study cites figures for the state of Illinois, where 9,895 handi capped persons were placed'in employ ment in 1941, an increase of more than 100 percent over the total of 4,274 placed in 1940. In the first three months of 1942, 2,132 were placed as compared with 1,708 in the corres ponding period of 1941. Similarly rapid increases are shown in placements of handicapped persons In Maryland, New Jersey, Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, Texas and numerous other areas. The report also cites the fact that while employment of ablebodied work ers has risen rapidly, hiring of the physically handicapped has risen much more rapidly; in Illinois, for example, placement of handicapped persons rep. resented 2.6 percent of total place, ments in 1940, but represented 4 per. cent of a much larger number of total placements in 1941, by government em ployment offices in that state. The United States employment serv ice for Maryland finds that most in dustries will consider a handicapped person for any job for which his train ing and ability fit him. The majority of semi-skilled and unskilled place ments have been in small parts assem bly, lens making, in packing and wrap ping jobs, and as watchmen. One of the most noteworthy trends is the increasing placement of physi cally handicapped persons in actual manufacturing and production jobs, as compared to the previously larger number placed in clerical or sedentary work. Jed Smith Beg an His Dana I H U I M g 0 F O 1 1 S Life As Trapper When Only 1 8 Years Old |S The early fur traders, as a rule, did not seem overly moral or pious. The marked exceptions were ap parently Dr. McLoughlin, David Harmon, and notably, Jededlah S. Smith. The latter latter was but a boy of 18, when phe left his New York home for St. Louis, where, in 1823, he enlisted in the company of Ashley and Henry, and entered the fur trade. He was at an impres sionable age, and it is remarkable that he was able to withstand the demoralizing influences of the rough men with whom he was as sociated, and amongst whom were many fugitives from justice. Like the first Protestant minister of Montana, he was a Methodist, and itj is said his constant companions were his bible and his gun. Dr. Wagner says of these companions of Smith’s, that “the peaceful teachings of the one, never diminished in any way the vigor with which he used the other.” And this, be it remarked, is not strange, as the peaceful teachings of the bible, or any of its higher precepts, have gen erally been forgotten when the occasion apparently demanded it. Attacked by Aricaras It will be remembered that the Ash ley expedition was attacked by the Aricaras when on its way up the Mis souri, and was forced to retreat. Gen eral Ashley sent for troops to aid him, and while awaiting them, intrenched himself on an island in the Missouri. His partner, Henry, was then on the Yellowstone, and word must be dis patched to him of his partner’s pre dicament. But who would be willing to act as messenger through a country swarming with hostile Indians? To Ashley’s surprise, it was the boy, Smith, who volunteered. Ashley let him go, but with an experienced Frenchman as companion and guide. Henry, who had been attacked by Honor Roll of Montana's War Dead Thirteen enlisted men from Montana were among the 2,991 officers and men of the navy, marine corps and coast guard who died the first four months of the war, the navy department has announced. Most of these lost their lives in action with the enemy, although some were killed in accidents at sea or in the air while on duty directly connected with wartime operations. Montana officers listed were “none.” THE HONOR ROLL Next of Kin ROBERT LEON BARROWS Charles A. Barrows, Helena, brother. LLOYD MAXTON DANIELS Mrs. Hazel L. Daniels, Livingston, wife. GEORGE W. DOHERTY JOHN A. DOHERTY JERALD F. DULLUM JAMES E. DUNN JOSEPH II. MARLSIG CARLO A. MICHELETTO EARL L. MORRISON ROBERT S. PEARSON EMIL O. RONNING GEORGE D. SMART HAROLD II. SCILLEY George C. Doherty, Lodge Grass, father. George C. Doherty, Lodge Grass, father. Eugene H. Dullum, East Helena, father. Mrs. Jennie Dunn, Klein, mother. Mrs. Hazel M. Flansburg, Philipsburg, mother. John Micheletto, Sidney, father. Mrs. Anna Morrison Peterson, Sidney, mother. R. S. Pearson, Arlee, father. Mrs. Emilie R. Simmons, Fort Benton, mother. George W. Smart, Poison, father. Hugh Scilley, Joliet, father. HEADS CLUB AT U ¡ 1 H P I the Yankees were “shrewd,” and Smith a “ very intelligent person.\ This estimate of Smith may be cor rect, but the historian of today, cannot but regret more is not definitely known about this affair, when he recalls the manner in which Fitzpatrick relieved the Blackfeet, or Gros Ventres, and ' Ogden of ^ defeated, was then at the mouth of the Yellowstone. Smith and his com panion managed to reach him there, although they had many narrow es- would like to learn what part the Bible enacted in this business. Wintered With Flatheads From Snake river, or its lava fields, From the Chinese An adaptation of a Chinese lady’s gown is one o f CBS actress Betty Rnth Smith’s favorite formats. This white satin model with pagoda-like shoulder treatment has ingenious . lines. Notice how the one sleeve beaded in gold leaf design is offset by a diagonal row of fringed pins. — - -------- -4 -------------- “I don’t think I look 30, do you, dear?” capes. Leaving 20 men at the mouth of | th(ra bent his course northward the Yellowstone, the remaindor with t'hj'Winter 1824-25 with the Henry and Smith, descended the Mis-1 Flatheads. Dr. Wagner suggests that souri Joining Ashley near the mouth! Sml0? ™ay have been the first to in- of the Cheyenne. On the arrival of the! sfc^uct that tribe in the white mans soldiers under General Atkinson, Ash- religion, and that it was through what ley formed his trappers Into a com- they learned from him, they later sent pany, with Smith as captain. Previous a delegation to St. Louis, asking that to the coming of the soldiers, Smith a missionary be sent them, had been sent to St. Louis with the ^jhley, who is reported to have en- furs the expedition had taken, and ^ the fur trade to secure funds to there he met General Atkinson. Un-1 farther his political ambition, having doubtedly his trustworthiness as a ! 5ail]ed. the desired amount when Og- messenger gained Smith his appoint-1 ^.en® f urs fell hito his possession, de ment; and he proved himself worthy clded to withdraw from any active part of it, by his conduct during the en -|ln the business while continuing to suing battle, in which the Indians were Profit fJ°“ “ f h?1«* carFled $ routed. some of his trusted employes. With The spring of the next year, Smith journeyed to the upper Snake country, and while there, or on the way, man this in view, he sold out his interest to Smith, William Sublette and David Jackson. Smith was at this time but aged to secure all of the furs from a ! 21 .yaars age‘ . . ion„ small company of Hudson’s Bay men, 45teTr , ^ e rendezvous ^ of 1826 near whom he met. These men were under ®a^ hake. Smith started southwest, Alexander Ross, who was not pleased Utah lake and Sevier valley to at the transaction, but confessed that I the Colorado, and thence to the Mojave __________________________________ _ i Indians, who received him hospitably, and from whom he bought horses for his further journey across the barren waste of Southern California, who were then, with good reason, suspicious of all Yankees, did all in their power to make his stay amongst them extreme- Waming to ranchers to prepare now ^ unpleasant but were finally induced, to store nearly all of their grain crops ^ a .®ostonf shlP caPtall\ let fhim on their ranches this fall was voiced g0 wlth instructions that he return by Ted Fosse, Cascade county agent.!,0“ ? ay he„came’ an£ they e m i t t e d He said winter wheat prospects are!li m Purc^'iase supplies. Farmers Will Have To Store About All Their Grain Crops exceptional, with a heavy yield in pros pect, if normal moisture conditions prevail Perilous Journey Whatever promise he made at this time, he did not keep, for turning “A large portion of farm and eleva- northwest he kept parallel to the coast tor storage still Is being used to hold f°r about 300 miles and spent the last year’s crop and, with transporta-! winter trapping. In the spring he tried tion facilities needed for the movement j to cross the Sierras, but found it im- of war materials, it behooves every possible to do so, on account of the grain raiser to take steps at this time snow. He then decided to leave most to assure storage for his crop this fall,\ Fosse said. He pointed out that federal building of his men in California, and return for them later. With seven horses and two mules to carry their supplies, he restrictions provide that the cost of j and two men began this perilous jour- farm storage structures shall not be i n ! ney the last of May, and reached the excess of $1,000 and said this has been | rendezvous in June, 1827. interpreted to mean that there mayl Following the close of the rendez- not be more than $1,000 of such con- I vous, Smith again left for California struction on any one ranch. by the same roilte he had taken the He said it was apparent there would preceding year. In the meantime the be a shortage of labor for haying and Spaniards had been busy, and the harvesting, even with full use of mech - 1 Mojaves were ordered to let no more anized equipment. I Yankees go through their territory. Un- An exceptional feature of this year’s aware of this change of attitude on stand of winter wheat, he said, is lack I the part of the Indians his company of weeds. This, Fosse said, is due to j was surprpised while crossing the Col- the abundant moisture last year, which j °rado; ten men were killed and all promoted weed growth on summer fal-1 were . robbed of their possessions, low and permitted effective work in 1 Reaching San Gabriel in a little over weed killing. 1 nine days he left two of his wounded ------ ’ ---------- $ ----------------- men there. The two Indians who had Read the Classified Advertisements served him as guides were arrested; one died from the treatment he re ceived from the authorities, and the other was sentenced to be killed. On» of the men Smith left at San Gabriel, was sent to San Diego, and there im prisoned, but was finally released, and permitted to join Smith, who had gone north with directions to leave Mexican territory within two months, and with the route he must follow clearly laid down. Forbidden to increase his company, which consisted of but 20 men, he was told to cross the Sacramento. But when he arrived there the water was too high to ford. Commands to the contrary, Smith decided to follow up its main fork, and take his time about it, trapping as he proceeded. Ever sine? then this fork has been known as American fork of the Sacramento. All winter he remained on the Sac ramento. In the spring, having reached the coast, he started north. On the Umpquah river, when Smith was ab sent from camp to seek his road, his men were attacked by the Rogue River Indians, 15 killed and their furs and provisions stolen. The three men who escaped, did not wait for Smith, but made haste to leave that dangerous region. Welcomed by McLoughlin Alone, and impoverished, Smith managed to reach Vancouver, where he, although a competitor, received a cordial welcome from that grand char acter, Dr, McLoughlin, who, on hearing the story of Smith’s loss, at once or ganized a company, and sent it under command of his stepson, Thomas Mc Kay, to recover the furs. This was readily done, as all of the tribes had been taught to have a wholesome re spect for the British company. Then Dr. McLoughlin showed still greater magnanimity, by himself purchasing the furs for his company, at the regu lar market rate. Smith was enabled to leave Fort Vancouver with nothing heavier than a London draft for near ly $20,000; Recognizing the generosity of Dr McLoughlin, Smith agreed that his company would confine itself to the east side of the Rockies, leaving to the Hudson’s Bay company the trapping grounds on the west side. This contract of Smith’s did not meet the hearty approval of his partners, but It Is not at all certain that they felt obliged to be held by it, although it Is said “ they reluctantly consented.” On April 30, 1830, Smith was hunting with Jim Bridger, in the Powder river country, SID KURTII This Fort Benton youth was re cently elected president of the Manager’s club at Montana State university. Kurth will have charge of such functions as the annual homecoming day dance and Grizzly queen crowning In the fail. Kurth was a member of Bear Faw, sophomore men’s honorary, and is a member of Store Board, Student Union organization. and from the Yellowstone the two went as far north ns the Judith Basin. That year Smith and hi? partners, sold out their Interest in the Rocky Mountain Fur Co. to Fitzpatrick, Bridger and others. Not content to re turn to civilized life, the next year found Smith, and his former compan ions engaged In the Sante Fe trade. On the first trip in this new adventure, all went well until they reached the Arkansas. Up to this point there had been a road to follow, but between there and the Cimarron there was nothing to Indicate the route they should take. None of the company had ever travelod through this country, and when all were nearly at the point of despair from the suffering Induced by the lack of water, Smith undertook to find the way. The region was Inter sected by buffalo trails. One of these Smith followed to the Cimarron, but found no water In Its bed. Knowing that in dry streams, water was near the surface, he dug a hole into which the precious water seeped, and as he was stooping to drink, he was shot in the back by a Comanche arrow. “He rose,\ says Dr. Wagner, “and displayed his undaunted spirit in re sisting his savage foes to the lost, and killed two of them before he expired.” So ended the life of one of the path finders of the west, in the early dawn of manhood, and, continues Wagner, “A sadder fate or a more heroic victim the parched wastes of the desert never knew.\ ------------ ------------- FORMER MONTANAN KILLED Ben H. Miller, correspondent of the Baltimore Sun, one of three men killed in a plane crash on the outskirts of Wichita, Kan., was formerly of Hel ena. Born in Easton, Md., Miller had been in newspaper work since 1924. BOY SCOUTS ADD “AIR” DIVISION NEW PROGRAM DESIGNED TO PUT MORE SPEED IN NATION’S FLIGHT TRAINING Boy Scouts of America, “in step with America’s dramatic air age,” have cre ated an air scout division to speed up the nation's flight training. Dr. E. K. Fretwell, director of the air scout program said the program is concerned only with sound schooling and will not embrace actual pilot training. Fretwell and other scout lead ers were attending the 32d annual meeting of the Boy Scout national council. “All flight Is under government sup ervision and licensing,” Fretwell said. Although stopping short of actual flying instruction, he said, the program \leads directly to civilian pilot train ing or other government flight instruc tions or to more intensive training for ground service as desired.\ The program is divided in two parts. “The air scout candidate program, open to scouts of any age, provides an op portunity for boys to follow their spe cial interest in aviation,\ Fretwell said. “By meeting simple requirements and earning merit badges In such fields as airplane structure, weather, airplane design and radio, any scout may be come an air scout candidate.” A more Intensive program Is contem plated for scouts more than 15 years old. They will be given advanced ground schooling in airplane design, navigation, aerodynamics, airplane en gines and theory of flight. To achieve the highest rank—air scout ace—the candidate must be fa miliar with purpose and underlying principles of aviation Instruments, be able to compute ceilings and visibility, understand airplane controls and be versed in the theory, if not the actual ity of flight. ------------ ------------- STATUE OF PAUL BUNYAN An artist on the grand scale is Sculptor Carrol Barnes of Visalia, Calif., who Is hewing from a 25-ton Sequoia log a wood carving of ■ the fabulous Paul Bunyan. The statue, which is slowly taking shape under his ax and chisels will be, he believes, the largest (20 feet tall) ever carved from a single piece of wood. -------------- ® -------------- The causes 01 war are to be sought in the conflict of ambitions, of inter est, or of Ideals. Read the Classified Advertisements /To Relievo distress from M0NTHLY\ FEMALE WEAKNESS Try Lydia E.Plnkham’s Vegetable Compound td help relieve monthly pain, backache, headache, with Its weak, nervous feelings — duo to monthly functional disturbances. Taken regularly thruout the month — Plnkhnm’s Compound helps build up resistance against such distress of \dlfllcult days.\ Thousands upon thousands of girls and women have reported gratify ing benefits. Follow label directions. Well worth trying! - a First in Health Defense! J oin the many— im p rove y o u r h ealth! Build u p y o u r b o d y and enjoy nature’s most perfect food b y increasing your daily use o f milk and milk products. M ilk . . . butter . . . ice cream . . . cheese . . . all contain essential food ele ments. T h e y are rich in needed natural vitamins. They invigorate! T h e y strengthen you! T h e y keep y o u well for they are first in protective foods. T h e y ’ re good . . • they’ re good for you, too! Eat well . . . K e e p well! Enjoy Montana Dairy Products MONTANA DAIRY INDUSTRIES, INC. * J V Milk Now Used As Preventive of Lead Poisoning Results of a recent research In the prevention of lead poisoning Indicate the importance of consuming adequate quantities of milk, according to an editorial in a recent issue of the Jour nal of the American Medical associa tion. “The deposition of lead in the bones appears to take place In inverse ratio to that of calcium,” states the article. “This,” declares the National Dairy council, \makes clear the reason why some industrialists have found it Is important to protect their workers by encouraging them to drink milk.” Ade quate quantities of milk and its prod ucts are the most reliable sources of calcium In the diet. Many Industrial ists, recognizing this fact, urge the regular use of milk at mealtime and have milk served to employes during morning and afternoon rest periods. Lead poisoning is considered one of the chief hazards to the health of in dustrial workers. In plants where lead is used, even the dust is found to con tain quantities of this metal. In the manufacture of paint pigments, stor age batteries, tetraethyl lead for motor fuels, and spray materials to be used on fruits and vegetables, small amounts of lead are swallowed from time to time by the workers and accumulate in the body until lead poisoning may occur. It is especially important just now for everyone to produce at maximum efficiency. Adequate quantities of milk and Its products will help prevent time loss due to illness of workers and to increase speed and efficiency. Lower Production-Increase Profits To make money at farming these days a farmer must know his soil. He must know how to raise maximum crop yields by rotation, cultivation and fertilization. Anaconda Treble Superphosphate applied to acres planted to sugar beets, potatoes, alfalfa, wheat and other products definitely means greater yields. Greater yields spell increased profits. FOR SALE BY DEALERS AND SUGAR COMPANIES THROUGHOUT THE STATE We Also Recommend A Specially Prepared Fertilizer for Lawns, Gardens, Flowers, Vegetables and Shrubs Anaconda Lawn and Garden Fertilizer (Formula 10-20-0) Dissolve Lawn and Garden Fertilizer thoroughly. Use water liberally after fertilizer is applied. IDEAL FOR MONTANA SOILS Anaconda Sales Co. Anaconda, Montana , -