The Dillon Examiner (Dillon, Mont.) 1891-1962, July 25, 1945, Image 6

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T H E D I L L O N E X A M I N E R 'Peace Model'Jeep Is Combination Tractor, Truck, Power Plant and Car It Will Run Buzz Saw, Pull Plow, Haul Hay, Take Family to Town ALTHOUGH it closely re- l \ sembles the standard military jeep, and embodies the same automotive engi­ neering principles of that fa-! mous scout car, the postwar ; jeep has been adapted to the ; needs of farms, factories, rail­ road yards, mines, oil fields and lumber camps. The jeep’s unique qualities were balanced for postwar use after ex­ haustive research and experimen­ tation by the Willys-Overland com­ pany. The new unit has the same ■“jeep” engine, the identical power plant used in more than 500,000 mili­ tary jeeps. This motor has driven jeeps more than 10 billion miles in the toughest test of all—war. It has, too, many innovations which give the vehicle a character of its own. The two most important differ­ ences between the military jeep and the postwar jeep are the special power take-off which can be used with the spline shaft for direct pow­ er or with the belt pulley, thus mak­ ing it possible to apply up to 30 HP to anything from a buzz saw to a thresher, and the changed gear ra­ tios in the transmission, transfer case and axles. This latter revision results in maximum efficiency while operating at a necessary farm pace For such jobs as plowing and harrowing the postwar jeep is well suited because of the special transmission. This one is pulling a two- bottom 12-inch plow. It can drag a single-bottom 18-inch plow just as easily. ments have been added to aid in the attachment of implements, and to absorb the loads of heavy draw bar work. Rear shock absorbers were mount­ ed at an angle to provide a level floor. New seats for greater com­ fort have been installed. The gear shift lever, for greater convenience, was placed on the steering column. This improvement will save wearing effort on the part of men and women of all ages who will drive the new jeep. Additional features have been r Power from the conveniently placed belt-wheel of the new jeep can be applied to dozens of farm machines, such as buzz saws, feed grinders, sprayers, cement mixers, corn pickers and hay balers. of 3 to 7.5 miles an hour. A gear ratio is also provided to give a road speed of 60 miles per hour. Thus the jeep can pull heavy equipment over the highways at a rapid rate; and perform light tractor jobs with speed and efficiency, such as plow­ ing and harrowing. Other differences between the mil­ itary jeep and the postwar jeep are as follows: A new combustion chamber has been designed. By means of. altered dimensions in the cylinder head and combustion chamber, perfected in the light of the newest engineer­ ing knowledge, the power of the post­ war jeep over the military has thus been increased. A radiator shroud was added to provide more effective cooling for the continued low-gear driving on the farm and in other highly de­ manding work. This shroud in tests has effectively proved its capacity for protecting the engine operation from too much heat. A larger clutch was installed. With increased loads, starting is neces­ sarily more difficult, and to provide for this the new clutch has been in­ stalled. Once engaged, the capacity of the clutch to transfer the full torque of the engine, makes only a nominal difference, but in the act of starting, additional stress is neces­ sarily put upon it, and the change obviates any difficulties in getting under way. Improved Steering. Steering linkage has been rede­ signed. In order to provide ease of handling and free rolling, and to more safely negotiate sharp turns, the cross steering arrangement has been engineered to the requirements of civilian use. Greater rigidity has been built into the chassis frame. At front and rear and all along the frame, reinforce- added to the new jeep, either as standard equipment or as accesso­ ries. Among these are seven-inch headlights which meet all legal re­ quirements, a tail gate which en­ ables it to function effectively as a pick-up truck, an automatic wind­ shield wiper, a large tool box, and front and rear tops. Owners of the vehicle will be able to purchase a list of special acces­ sories which widen the range of the jeep’s usefulness, including snow plow and grader attachments, spray painting equipment, and others. A belt-driven governor is available and can be installed wherever constant engine speed, regardless of load, is required. i. ..»lied from the instrument panel, the governor permits regulat­ ed engine speeds from 1,000 to 2,600 rpm in steps of 200 rpm. Four-Wheel Traction. By no means new, but increasing­ ly effective for postwar use, is the four-wheel drive, never before avail­ able to civilians in a vehicle of the jeep’s size and weight. This feature, which helped build a world-wide rep­ utation for the military jeep, prom­ ises to play an equally important part in hundreds of peacetime as­ signments. By spreading the jeep’s drive over four wheels, tremendous tractive power is achieved and the vehicle becomes a glutton for tough terrain. It is particularly effective on uneven or loose soil, where ve­ hicles driven from only one axle fre­ quently push their front wheels into the ground and stall. On the jeep, the front wheels do not push, they pull. There has been much discussion about the jeep’s gas consumption record. Extensive field tests have proven the postwar vehicle’s econ­ omy compared with other forms of tractive power. On the highway, it will deliver up to 19 miles per gal­ lon. It is also economical in belt pulley operations. It is well to re­ member that gasoline consumption is a matter of how efficient the en­ gine is, how heavy the load may be, the quality of gasoline used, wheth­ er time saved is more to be valued than gasoline consumed and wheth­ er the vehicle which is being tested is moving over hard-surfaced roads, , through mud or sand or loamy soil. The jeep, of course, is built for on-the-road, off-the-road use. It is a relatively light vehicle with an even distribution of weight and a center of gravity which prevents overturn­ ing. Unlike other vehicles for gen­ eral use, it pushes no great load in front. The weight it hauls is at­ tached and is pulled in most in­ stances. In connection with gasoline con­ sumption, it is well to discuss draw bar pull briefly, for draw bar pull has to do with the load, and that is one of the determining factors in gasoline conumption. Another name for draw bar pull is traction. It ex­ presses the amount of work 'a ve­ hicle will do. The jeep will pull a trailed load of 5,500 pounds over the highway, with adequate reserve power for steep grades. In the field — where continuous pulling is required for long periods of time—the jeep has a rated draw .bar pull of 1,200 pounds, which has been shown by numerous tests to be adequate for most agricultural work and to provide ample reserve as well for unusual conditions. The jeep can compete on a basis of economy and performance with Light as it is, the jeep is remarkably powerful because of its four- wheel traction. It can pull a load of 5,500 pounds at a good rate of speed, and has sufficient reserve power to overcome steep grades and rough roads. \GAY GADGETS\ Associated Newspapers—WNU Features BY NANCY PEPPER WATCH YOUR SUITORS Not the kind you’re dreaming of and drooling for—but the slick ac cessories you wear with that new summer suit. Don’t be guilty of mur­ dering your suit in the first second and third degrees with the wrong gadgets. Don’t kill your costume with clutter. Here are the suitors you’ll find at the teen gadgeteria of your favorite store. Box Bags —No more of those sal­ vage depot handbags This year your suit bag is a trim little box shape with <a big mirror inside the top. Or it’s a small pouch with brace­ let handle. You’ll find ’em in the Teen Gadgeterias. Bow Blouses — Your f a v o r i t e blouse this spring fastens high up at the neckline with a perky bow. Not so many shirts this season—more “softies.” Swoony Scarfs—Everybody’s wear­ ing square or long scarfs knotted ascot fashion. Pick your colors carefully for bright accent and. cos tume harmony. Tuck the ends in side your suit neckline. Sissy Sailors—Your favorite suit hat is the sissy sailor in felt or straw with the little ribbon streams floating down the back. You’ve been wearing Dutchies and cloches—so why not try something new? Dark on Light —Don't be afraid to wear a black, navy or brown blouse with your pastel blue, maize or aqua suit. Then match some of your accessories to the blouse. LIFE’S BIGGEST MOMENT The day I started school when 1 was six, And graduation day—Gee, that was great! 1 nearly swooned the day I en tered “Hi,” I REALLY swooned the night of my first date. These memories, once cherished, now are gone, Forgotten, disappeared — like last year’s snow— Since last night’s dance, when all the gang stood ’round TO WATCH ME LIND Y WITH MY O.A.O. THAT MORON’S HERE AGAIN! Did you hear about the little moron who drove a nail into the bowl because he wanted to Spike the Punch? And the moron who climbed up on the rafters to get on the Beam? ♦ Well, as the sick dog said, “It shouldn’t happen to a Man!” AlinutQ Maka- Upi By GABRIELLE Tangerine is positively THE Holly­ wood color! A tangerine wool dress has a brown-swathed hip line, a brown hat to match. Plaids are also tops in favor, matched with velvet bonnets. Go completely dramatic in jade green, with coral velvet gloves. Very smart! Ledger Syndicate.—WNU Features. any other vehicle of similar size and, in many cases, has proven it­ self superior. This is of particular importance since it offers in one vehicle the basic functions of the tractor, light truck, passenger con­ veyance and mobile power unit with many specific functions in each of these four categories. It was not built specifically to compete with any highly specialized equipment, limited in function and represent­ ing heavy investment. Yet, it com­ pares favorably with all of them. On the other hand, it was designed for constant use, all day the year around. This is in sharp contrast to the astonishingly limited hours of usefulness provided for the farmer by specialized equipment, which sits idle for many days. The jeep will rarely be resting. 1,500 Children From Britain Still in U. S. LONDON.-About 1,500 British children evacuated because of German air raids still are in the United States, and some don’t want to come back, Education Minister Richard K. Law told commons. He said that more than'2,000 have returned and that •U the rest could do so without difficulty if they were willing. T E L E F A C T ffffl ri r GASOLINE RATIONING, U.$. 1945 f t Spell tynbof/tprvMflti 5*Xon€6tow*sfs Gestapo Unit Is Found In Hiding in Zagreb ZAGREB, YUGOSLAVIA.—A unit of the sinister Abserstelle — the in­ ner circle of the gestapo—has been uncovered by Yugoslav police here, foiling apparent plans to keep alive Nazi ideology through underground methods. A high Croatian government offi­ cial said recently that the unit had a headquarters equipped with radios and evidently was just getting ready for operations. Washington D i9estj Radar Saved Britain— Will Remodel Industry Electronics Proves of Great Value to Amer­ ican Air and Naval Forces During Present War. By BAUKHAGE News 'Analyst and Commentator. WNU Service, Union Trust Building, Washington, D. C. (This is the first of two articles by Mr. Baukhage revealing some of the remarkable achievements of radar and explaining how it operates.) Little by little the world is learn­ ing more of the secrets hidden in that magic, five-letter word which, spelled backward or forward, means the same thing, but whose real meaning is still a mystery. I mean R-A-D-A-R. I have written it down that way because its derivation is one mys­ tery that we can reveal. Before it went into “classification,\ which is what they say in the army when they mean something can’t be men­ tioned in public, radar was an im­ portant but little - known, copy­ righted, commercial label. It is really four words in one: Radio Direction and Ranging. Early in the war there were some stories printed about a German air­ plane which had a television camera in it which could send back pictures of the territory beneath it. Shortly thereafter all mention of such an apparatus stopped and the dark and mysterious career of radar be­ gan. Radar and television are not the same thing, but there are simi­ larities and if we can believe that actors in a studio in the RCA build­ ing in New York can be seen out in Westchester county by people sit­ ting around a television set, we can believe that another little gadget can register the presence and loca­ tion of a distant object (like a plane or a warship) and, if it is moving, tell which way it is going and how fast. Radar Will Soon Be Industries* Marvel As I said, we knew the Germans had been working on such a device early in the war. This is how radar was born in this country: Back in 1932 two scientists ob­ served that something happened to a radio wave when it hit the wide side of a building and also when a ship went across its path. Research continued, but the war sent radar into hiding. On November 14, 1942, a Jap battleship slipping through the sea near the Solomon islands was suddenly struck by a salvo of shots from an American ship eight miles away. The Japs went down to Davy Jones' locker without knowing what hit them. They never saw the American ship which fired the shots. Nor did the Americans ever see the Japanese warship except as it appeared as a 'CHtftBGUR'G :gP ‘ , 1 /■ s t, : - •: w â Y / LE HAVRE// V t V-. f ^ Radar Finds Military Targets. s little “blip” of light on a tiny screen. Radar did it. On a winter day, I sat in a room at the Willard hotel in Washington. London was trembling under the terror of night bombing. Sitting at a table before us was an officer of the Royal air force. After a few gen­ eral remarks, he made what was to us an astounding statement; name­ ly, that defense against daytime bombing had been perfected and a method of ending the effectiveness of night attack would soon be in operation. The tide had been turned in the battle of Britain and, though we didn’t know it then, radar had done that, too. Between these two events was an­ other one we don’t like to talk too much about. Over in the Hawaiian islands on December 7, 1941, Pvt. Joseph Lockard, though not sup­ posed to be on duty at the time, was listening to a * detector,” an apparatus which jtrangers weren’t allowed to approach in those days. Lockard “detected” an airplane B A R B S about 30 miles away. He reported it to his superior, but that gentle­ man, knowing American planes were out at the time, took no action. Lockard was eventually given the Distinguished Service medal. The rest we had better try to forget while we still must \remember Pearl Harbor.” Human service failed to carry the message that the Jap air fleet was coming, but radar had done its part of the job. Radar has grown to be a giant since then. This is what \Impact an official publication of the assist­ ant chief of air staff (intelligence) says: “The use of radar in military op­ erations is in its infancy, but it has permeated every phase of air war­ fare. It is used in strategic bomb­ ing by both British and American heavies. It makes night fighting and intruder operations possible. It liter­ ally saved England in the battle of Britain. And it provided for the control and direction of virtually ev­ ery day or night sortie flown by the TACs (tactical air force planes) during the winter (of 1944-45).” The importance of the part which the American tactical air forces played from the battle of Normandy right up to V-E Day is acknowl­ edged by everyone, though there may be differences of opinion as to the relative achievements of the various branches of the service. (Tactical bombing and strafing is that part of air force activity which is an integral portion of the individ­ ual land force operations, as much a part of the battle plan and its execution as the disposition of ar­ tillery. Strategic bombing is the \softening up.” the long range air attacks.) And radar was a vital part of the success of the tactical operations in Europe from D-Day on because of its help in getting a fighter-bomber to its target and getting it home again in weather which is too bad for normal operations. It controlled night fighters, photo and mapping planes, picked out tar­ gets and kept track of enemy planes in the area. To quote an official comment: “On the western front, despite constant overcast conditions dur­ ing the last winter, the IX, XIX and XXIX TACs were able to operate at maximum strength continually. On the other hand, the 1st Tactical air force, which was without radar equipment last November, flew only two missions that month, one of these abortive • because of the weather.\ As to the long-range, strategic bomber, which has to cross half a continent to get where it is going, if bad weather envelopes it, radar is, of course, invaluable for keeping its location. Radar is also an inte­ gral part of the fire-control. Commercial Aviation Will Profit Greatly Speculation as to radar’s ultimate possibilities are unlimited, both in war and peace. Any ordnance ex­ pert, will tell you that a “controlled missile” — that is, a bomb such as the deadly German “V” bombs, which flew from Holland to Eng­ land — can, with certain improve­ ments, be made much more deadly. Not only can they be made to fly much farther—across the Atlantic, over the North Pole — but they can be accurately aimed and di­ rected at an area such as a city and ruthlessly destroy it. Radar can do that and many other things it has not yet attempted. There are, like­ wise, an infinite number of ways in which radar can and will serve a peaceful world. In commercial aviation, the man in the control tower, the traffic cop at the airport, will be able to lo­ cate all of the planes in the vicinity by day or by night, in cloudy weath­ er and clear. And it must be re­ membered that regulating the traf­ fic is going to be one of the most important problems of tomorrow’s skyways, for there will be a tre­ mendous increase in the number of planes which will be in use and a similar increase in their speed and size. Radar can warn the planes them­ selves against collision and the pres­ ence of land masses, high tension wires, tall buildings or other ob­ stacles to their flight. And, of course, will permit safe landing even in a dense fog. by B a u k h a g e Ad in personal column—“Literate lass looks for laughter in letters.\ Then don’t open your mail, lassie, the first of the month. on A French paper says that French girls don’t like the G.I. brand of love-making. However, there is a considerable shortage on the home- front and the product still has a good potential domestic market Remember way back when about the only thing a soy bean was good for was to provide sauce for chop suey? * • t The Metropolitan Life Insurance company has discovered that di­ vorced and widowed persons can get a new mate more easily than spin­ sters and bachelors can get their first mate. Charming Nightgown^ For Summer Wear 5 8 9 4 A Small-Medium-Larqe A CHARMINGLY simple night- gown to make up in wjiite rayon crepe, using two-inch wjhitet embroidered beading to finish the V-neck and for the shoulde^ straps. Run narrow pink or blue silk or satin ribbon through the beading. Self material bandings will give a more tailored effect, if you prefer. * * ♦ To obtain complete pattern and finishing Instructions for the Beading Trimmed Nightgown (Pattern No. 5894) sizes small, medium and large included, send 18 cents in coin, your name, address and the pat­ tern number. Due to an unusually large demand and current war conditions, slightly more time is required in filling orders for a few of the most popular pattern numbers. Send your order to: SEWING CIRCLE NEEDLEWORK 530 South Wells St. Chicago Enclose 16 cents for Pattern. No.. > Name- Address. ^ w ft ftft* ^ M A K E ICE CREAM At home — Any flavor— Delicious — Smooth — No Ice crystals — No cooking — No re- w h ipping— No scorched flavor — Easy — Inexpensive— 20 recipes in each 154 pkg. Please send this ad for free full-size sam­ ple offer, or buy from your grocer. L0HD0I1MM Brand Homemade Ice Cream STABILIZER LONDONDERRY-015 HOWARD, SAN FRANCISCO 3, CAUF. HEARTBURN Relieved In 5 minutes or double mooey back \ When excess stomach a d d causes painful, suffocat­ ing gas, soar stomach and heartburn, doctors usually prescribe the fastest-acting medicines known for symptomatic relief — medicines like those I n Bell-ans Tablets. No laxative. Bell-ans brings comfort in a jiffy o r double your money back on return of bottle to us. 25o a t all druggists. You CAN relieve ATHLETE’S FOOT • 80.6% of easel showed clinical im­ provement after only 10 days treatment with SORETONB in im p a r t ial, scien ­ tific test SORETONE Midi by McKesson i Robbins Sold with uonoy-bick pim tN O 50* and » 1 . 0 0 JUST A OASH IN FEATHERS. OR SPREAD ON ROOSTS Get Into Action > For Full Victoryl * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

The Dillon Examiner (Dillon, Mont.), 25 July 1945, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.