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T H E D T L L O N E X A M T N E R A d d I n d i g e s t i o n M svsd In 5toisatasar double Maty back WhaaueuaatMaacli add cam*» painful, suffocat- h »|H touratunadiandheartburn,doctor* usually : ament» the fastcat-aeting media net known for amntomatie itllef— medicine*likothoocln B*ll-*n» h t i t l . No laxative. Bell-nne bring* comfort In a Iff* *r double roar money back on return o f bottle , t o « 8e at alf druggists. Stretch Salad Dressing To stretch the supply of salad dressing, thin it with top milk, lemon juice or other fruit juices. Determine Refuge An important safety-first rule, the foresters call their prize-warn ing, concerns tree-felling itself. Be fore you fell any sizable tree, de cide exacatly where you are going to run to when the tree starts its groaning at the stump. When you have made that decision you’re not likely to get the sort of buck-fever that keeps a man rooted on the spot and often causes him to suffer painful injury, or worse. Plan Family Needs Plan and prepare your family’s needs. And do what “beforehand” food preparation you can—for ex ample— make cookies that keep— sandwich spreads and quick mixes for biscuits—cream sauce and the like. Leafy Vegetables Green leafy vegetables — eaten raw or cooked quickly—are rich in vitamin C. For example, three and one-half ounces of raw or one-half cup cooked turnip greens more than covers the day’s “C” require ment Broccoli is another rich source and cauliflower, cabbage, green peas, potatoes, carrots and many other* vegetables and fruits make their contributions to vita min C needs. Do y *v suffer from MONTHLY N N K 1 IMN 4Mb Ri weak, find fooUags? *8 functional periodic disturbance* anaVa you feel nervous, tired, restless— a t men times—try this great medicine —Lydia E. Plnttmm'a Vegetable Com pound to relieve such symptoms.Taten , n c u lariy—it helps build up resistance against such distress. Also a grand •tomaohlo tonic. Follow label directions. CCWMM» D O N T SUFFER with cold*’ muscio aches and soro flirto t, enjoy quick relief. G e tSt. JosepbAapLin* grid’s largest seller a t 10a BiglOOtac# I sise Only 35c. unn. V a ry Breakfasts call vary the different parts ;t from day to day—the kind of bread, the cereal main dish, and the bever- m^jay families breakfast with fruit, but some peo- e a hot food first in cold ther, and prefer their fruit last the order of the menu Noes hot matter. Citrus fruit is tin t* choice as a breakfast fru it Ah average serving of four ounces or half-a glass of orange juice or ludf a grapefruit goesvfar toward meeting Vitamin C needs for the day. ' \ ' A T Y O U R C R O C f R ' i Golden Dragon In the U. S. Navy the Golden Dragon certificates are issued on many ships to men who cross the International Date Line for the first time, into the “Imperial Do main of the Golden Dragon, Au gust Ruler of the 180th Meridian.” A similar and better-known cus tom is the ceremony attending the crossing of the equator when men who have not crossed it previous ly, the “Pollywogs,” are put through rigorous initiation rites and, if found worthy, become “Shellback,” the name for those who cross the equator and suc cessfully meet all the requirements af King Neptune. _______________ l tap-BnnVApplicato* J to r W ÌA MSN IN RAtHERsT> B R SPREAD ON ROOSTS 1 That Nagging Backache May WAm of Disordered Kidney Action Modem Ufa with It* hurry and worry, habit*, improper eating ana Its risk o f exposure and infee. ___ _____ wt heavy strata on the work o f the kidneys. They are apt to become erer-uxed and fail to filter excess add and other imparities from the life-giving Tea may suffer nagring backache, hmdtrhn. dixxinea*, getting op nights, leg peine, swelling—feel constantly tind, nervous, all worn out. Other signs r i kidney or bladder disorder are somo- Hm— binning, scanty or too frequent ■ittttOfte Try Poes’* KB*. Poos'* help the M t o ijfi to p s a off harmful exee** body ‘ They have had more than half s m a tar e l pable approval. Are recom- m ÿ m aUfUetf aMn *far9imn' DOANSPlLLS D ig e s t ; Sounder Education Needed To Maintain Free World Economics and Geography Among Studies Required to Ground Students in the Problems at Home and Abroad. By BAUK H A G E News Analyst and Commentator. WNU Service, 1616 Eye Street, N.W., Washington, D. C. (This is the first of two articles on the subject of the “ new reconver sion.” ) In the last two months the public has learned a lot about the impor tance of industrial rccr/:version. For many more months, business men, with the help of the best technical advice they could obtain, have been preparing to shift from wartime to peacetime .production. Government has shared the knowledge of its ex perts and proffered its co-operation. Labor has contributed its sugges tions. All three know what they want. Together they hope to obtain a successful synthesis. But what many people do not real ize is that the nation, the whole world, for that matter, is facing an other reconversion problem, equally as difficult to solve, equally as im portant to achieve. It is the recon version of our whole educational sys tem, and upon its success depends the political future of democracy and its economic future as well, as embodied in the theory and out working of free enterprise. It is no exaggeration to say that our current educational system, which along with our wartime in dustrial system made Allied victory possible, is no more adapted to meet the new and startling problems of the postwar world than the Japanese defense could meet the atomic bomb. Enlightened educators everywhere realize this. In a short time experts will meet in London to work out a program outlined in San Francisco by the men and women who planned the educational and cultural coun cil of the United Nations. Here at home and in other democratic coun tries, domestic educational policies are being reshaped to meet the new conditions. Education for world freedom is an important objective; education for freedom in the land of the free is equally important, for it is the foun dation (tone of world ojemocracy. We haV£ the task of reconverting our own antiquated machinery so that it will be geared to produce and maintain freedom. The Unite'* Nations’ task is to build new ma chinery which will evolve a prod uct which must displace the Nazi- Fascist teachings which still have their hold on s large segment of the population. Our own product must be both a weapon of offense and of defense. We have a powerful example in the need for this in the demonstrat ed strength of the Nazi ideology and the weakness of what we have so far produced to combat it. Nazi Propaganda Remains Strong A report made public only a week or two ago reveals how “ Naziism at its blackest,” as the report describes it, is being kept alive in a series of \resistance clubs” in Germany scat tered from the North sea to the Ba-\ varian mountains. Allied investiga tors have pieced together an appal ling picture of a widespread activity based upon race hatred, and other Nazi principles with which the Ger man youth has been so thoroughly indoctrinated in a manner pointed out in these columns some time ago and which I then said must be dealt with eventually. The offense is powerful, and the weakness of our defense is illustrat ed in recent dispatches telling us how Nazi propaganda is affecting the viewpoint of the American army of occupation. A major is reported as doubting the truth of the atrocity stories in the concentration camp of Dachau located only a few miles from where he was stationed. Amer ican soldiers are heard parroting the familiar Goebbels’ fabrication that Germany was forced into the war; that Hitler had his faults but was really great in many respects, or if Hitler’s glory is found to be too strong a goat he is used as a scape goat to excuse German war guilt. I have just come from a long talk with one of America’s great educa tors, John Studebaker, United States Commissioner of Education. It was he who introduced me to the phrase, “ the new reconversion.” “ Our democratic system is threat ened from within and without,” he said to me earnestly. “ The Amer ican school gave our polyglot nation the solidarity to carry on the war successfully. But,” he added, “ we have severe tests ahead. We must educate for freedom, and educate for existence in a newly integrated world of which we are an integral part. We must understand our own problem and the problems of oth ers.” I couldn’t help applying this the ory to the stories from Germany. A thorough understanding of democ racy is proof against Nazi propagan da. An understanding of other peo ples and events beyond our borders which affect us—as the rise of Hitler and Mussolini affected us—would make us deaf to German prevarica tions and excuses. In order to meet the threats against democracy from within and from without, Mr. Studebaker be lieves, with most of his colleagues, that our present educational system will have to be thoroughly renovat ed. \Both the plant and the product must be remodeled,” he says. He chose two subjects—geography and economics—as examples of how the product must be altered. Knowledge of Conditions Vital Geography is important because it is a study of the world in which we live. It is a study oi the peoples who live in the world—of our very near, thanks to-'jet propulsion and atomic energy, if not always very dear neighbors. Geography is also the study of the pursuits, the indus tries of the people of the world. Its grasp is essential if we are to bring intelligent thought to judgment of events and the conditions at home and abroad ^nd their effect upon each other and upon us. \And yet, geography was never taught to our people,\ Mr. Studebak er says. “ We stop teaching it at the eighth grade. The younger children, from three to eight, are taught by teachers who themselves never had more than eighth grade instruction in the subject.\ ’ And his second example of one of our educational products which must be strengthened, economics, \belongs still less to the people.\ Only 5 per cent of the high school pupils ever studied economics, he in formed me, and only 5 per cent of these ever learned anything about international trade. \How can we possibly meet the problems arising now if we do not understand this subject? How can we possibly maintain free enterprise if we cannot pass a considered judg ment on the questions that the pa pers are full of every day? How can a person say whether a wage in crease is fair if he has never studied the simplest theories of supply and demand, or the more complicated relations of wages, costs, profits?” And in the international field, he continued, how could a person who had never learned the fundamentals of international trade know whether a tariff was justified, wEetner a car tel was dangerous, whether certain foreign business activities benefltted the people as a whole, whether free competition or government subsidy was a better policy? How could they advise their congressman to vote on the Bretton Woods agree ment, or the policy of foreign loans? Just as geography suffers because its teaching ends before maturity is reached (maturity in this sense is the 15-16 year greup, roughly high school age), economics is begun too late. It is offered as a one-year, high school course and boiled down into such a concentrated potion that not only are, vital elements omitted (such as international trade) but it becomes a dry and highly abstruse subject. Furthermore, since it is often an elective (a subject I ’ ll touch on in a later article), it may be omit ted entirely because it is \hard.” These two subjects are only two examples of those which should, in Mr. Studebaker’s opinion, make up a solid \core” of education avail able to all. “ This core,” he says, “ is essential if we are to build solidarity in a democratic society. A certain group of vital, basic subjects which will help us understand the problems that threaten democracy, the down- to-earth facts necessary to give us the basis for a sound faith in our way of life.” B A R B S b y B a u k h a g e They’ve just made a film about teachers—for the children’s sake let’s hope they don’t get a film about pupils. It might result in more spankings than a bad report card. A new process of canning in alu minum for highly sensitive ma chines and parts saves warehousing —and we hope it will make more new jobs than will be lost by dis. placed warehousemen. There won’t be enough oysters this year to supply the demand. Prob ably the war took too many shells. An eye-bank is being established, the purpose of which is to make available healthy corneal tissue to restore sight to those who are blind through an affliction of the cornea. The system is similar to the binod- banks and no less valuable. I wish they would establish a hair-bank. Billy Conn 'T H E boxer-puncher argument takes on a new form in the case of Joe Louis against Billy Conn. For in addition to being a knockout puncher, Louis was also among the better bexets. So Conn had to gamble his boxing skill and his greater speed against an opponent who could box and wreck you with either hand. Here’s the story Conn told me of their only meetingj “ When we came to the 12th round, 1 knew 1 was out in front. At least I felt sure I had a lead on points. Then a funny thing hap pened. The 12th round was-too good for my own gold. 1 outboxed Loulj by a good margin in that round, adding to my lead. Near ^ the close of the round I found a good opening and 1 nailed Louis square on the chin with a right. ” 1 saw his eyes roll and his knees sag. I knew Joe was hurt. So all I had to do in the next three rounds was to box and keep away. I know I could have done that, for at the time Louis was a tired man. But this is where I got dumb in place of being smart. I decided I could knock Joe out. I honestly thought he was all through. So instead of keeping away 1 sailed in and started slugging with him, toe to toe. The pictures showed that. I made no effort to keep away from a fellow who could out-hit me with either hand. The great Conn wasn’t willing to win a world’s championship on points. He also had to be Killer Conn. \Well I got what I deserved. I got knocked out. But I still figure a better boxer can handle a harder puncher, even when he is badly out weighed. These hard punchers don’t like shifting, moving targets that are hard to tag.” Boxer vs. Slugger Past records ol the ring have usually shown the boxer can hold his own against the slugger. Jim Corbett proved it against John L. Sullivan, looking back some 53 years. Sullivan at the moment, how ever had been all through for some time, after 10 years of strong alco holic Indulgence. What about Corbett and Fitz at Carson City? Well, don’t forget that Ruby Robferj couFd box as well as punch. Fitz in fact was a great box er. Jack Johnson was1 another able boxer, one of the best. What about Jack Dempsey and Gene Tunney, used as the leading example of boxer vs. puncher? They fought 20 rounds of which Tunney won at least 16—possibly more. But don’t forget that the Dempsey of Philadelphia and Chicago was far from being the Dempsey of Toledo. Seven years on top take their toll. Sam Langford was a! great fight-, er and a great puncher. But check Old Sam’s record against 139-pound Jack Blackburn, who trained Joe Louis. Blackburn told me once that in seven fights Langford had never knocked him down. I hurt Lang ford as much as Sam hurt me.” Blackburn said. Blackburn was a master boxer, one of the greatest. Sam Langford will tell you that. Langford looked better against Jack Johnson and Harry Wills than he looked against Blackburn — as Blackburn explained the case some years ago. • • • Why Conn Wasn’t in Navy With Joe Louis in the army, why wasn’ t Billy Conn picked for the navy? This question has been asked more than once. This is the story we get from a high navy official. We had Conn all set to go into the navy. This was also O. K. with Conn. At the time we figured an army- navy ring match might help out a lot in some financial war cam paign. Even if this never took place, we wanted Conn in the navy. So Conn reported at a navy re cruiting station. But instead of wait ing in line, Billy wandered around the place. Finally a navy petty of ficer, not knowing who Conn was, ordered him to get in line. The or der was given somewhat brusquely. It made no hit with Conn. In place of obeying the command. Conn told the petty officer what he thought of him and just where he could go. And after this Conn left the navy recruiting place and went out to en list in the army.” This is 100 per cent Conn. Just how Billy ever got by in taking army orders is another mystery. 'Hiere is nothing the Pittsburgh fight er hates worse than taking orders, or even suggestions. He wants his own way. $80,000 a Year Men Ruth drew an (80,000 salary one year in baseball and that figure still remains tops in the diamond game. Walter Hagen made more than $80, 000 around that time, but no golfer in those days ever drew important money from tournament play. It is all different now. Nelson is already around the $60,000 mark this year with several big money tournaments left in the South, all in the $10.000 class. MOPS Y b y G L A D Y S P A R K E R “ Oh!—A CUBE, huh?” DIFFICULT DECISIONS By CLUYAS WILLIAMS WONDERING W R A it) DO WHEN YOU’VE fcSKfP fW0 OF V0UR PlKNER 60RT5 WHO ORE PRlVl)l6 To PICK UP W E OfriER COUPLE, WHO HAVE NO m , V&1M At A CERTAIN CORNER j AND AS W E HOUR GETS LATE VOU REALIZE W a T 5DHEWHERE WE SIGNALS ¿Of W E P AND W A f 'THEY’RE PROBABLY vVA)TiM6 M EACH OTHER- I n different places , starvihs hunory auvAs Umiliti Wife Worry Sounds Good Hi - What makes our neighbor j Father-1 want no more of that pace up and down in front of his standing on the porch with that house like that? Si—He’s awfully worried about nis wife, poor chap. Hi—Why, what’s she got? Si—The car. Nobody Home Wifie—Say, John, the census taker is at the front door. Hubby—Just tell him we lost our census several years ago. Housebold Cares Hubby—What kind of a disposition does the new cook have? Wifie—She has a very even tem per—always mad. Way Off Base Harry—They say his wife drove him out of his mind. Jerry—That was just a bunt. young man. Daughter— I only stayed for a second. Father—I distinctly heard a third, fourth and fifth! Stationary Cora — The school principal says you have a model brother. Dora—Too bad he isn’t a work ing model! Advice to Lovelorn WAC—Do you believe in long en gagements? Sailor—Yes. I think young people should be happy as long as possible. Home Sweet Home Wifey—And what would you be now if it weren't for my money? Hubby—A bachelor. MHS. MÀRY MAJOR , STOPS STICKY IRON PENDENNIS, KANSAS. - Mrs. Mary D. Major has discovered one of the secrets of Faultless Starch, according to a letter she wrote re cently. She said, “ The last time I was in town, I purchased a box of Faultless Starch, and used it cn my wash. I surely was pleased with the results, when I ironed my clothes. My iron just glid ed along. There was no sticky starchon my iron. The starch is well named. It is all you say it is. It is absolutely fault less.” Isn’t that a fine letter? She says that there was “ no sticky starch on my iron” —and, of course, that means she did not have a \sticky iron.” STOP YOUR STICKY IRON If you have to fight a “ sticky Iron” every time you iron, change to Faultless Starch and see the difference. It’s no fun to iron with a “ sticky iron.” It’s hard work to iron when the iron seems to stick at the end of each stroke. Your arms, your back, your neck, your legs ache with strain when you have a “ sticky iron.” But you don’t HAVE to fight a “ sticky iron” ! Just starch your wash with Faultless Starch—and see how easy it is to iron! You see, Faultless Starch contains ironing-aids that make your iron ing smooth, easy and beautiful. With Faultless Starch you make ironing a joy—not a job. And when ironing is a joy, it’s really fun to * lo beautiful’ starching. SAVE STARCH-MAKING TIME Another wonderful thing about Faultless Starch is that you can make perfect hot starch WITH OUT COOKING! • And in barely a minute! Just cream the starch with a little cool water and add boiling water while stirring. That’s all! Isn’t that easy? So change to the starch that Mrs. Major says, “ It is all'you say it is. It is absolutely fault less.” FAULTLESS STARCH—at your grocery store.—Adv.- Preserve Apples Drop sliced apples in salt water and you will find you can let them stand for some time without dis coloring. Many doctor* recommend good* tasting Scott’s 'Emulsion be cause it’s rich fn natarot AfcD Vitamins and energy-building o il children need f o r proper growth, strong bones, sound teeth, sturdy bodies. B ilpt build up mtftanc* to eoldi too If diet Is AAD deficient. Buy Scott’s \today! A ll druggists. ’ SCOTTS EMULSION Y E A R - R O U N D ' T O N I C Better Dyeing If you are making use of feed and fertilizer sacks for garments that require dyeing, complete the gar ment first and dye the finished pro duct. Results w ill be more satis factory, and you w ill get the most from your dye. BRONCHIAL IRRITATIONS —o f children quickly soothed b y Penetro—Grandma's old-tim e mutton suet idea developed by modem science into a counter- irritant, vaporizing salve for quick relief. 25c,double eixe35o. P E N E T R O s a l* m e n IK MUtTON SUST • Ritf rubra ifSM s. Af MfMj tatreel DIONNE'QUINTS* always rety on thla great rub for coiaostcou» and'» mm MUSTEROIE Shrimp Take Eighty-five per cent of the 150 million pounds of shrimp taken from the sea each year comes from the Gulf of Mexico. M A R T I N In f o r œ e d ^ ^ f c pow d er.