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Farmers can get more fuel Area farmers needing more diesel fuel may request it by ap plying immediately to distributors, according to Giff Weston, executive director of the Beaverhead County Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service (ASCS) office. Weston has received notice that this revision on distillates in the emergency fuels program is ef fective for 60 days. It should go a long way toward enabling many farmers to continue a variety of farming activities important to producing food for the nation, The revision notice is from the Office of Petroleum Allocation (OPA), Department of the In terior. Nicholas H. Smith, Assistant Deputy Administrator of Programs for ASCS in the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), who has been appointed coordinator of energy for the USDA, said this revision is now “the law of the land” and suppliers are obligated to give farmers and ranchers preference in supplying their needs of diesel fuel. In ad dition to farmers, those given preference under this revision are mass transit and those who produce the fuel itself. The mandatory distillate fuels allocation program went into effect Nov. l, 1973, basing a farmer’s initial allocation on the amount of diesel and other distillates he had used in the corresponding month of last year. Unfortunately, heavy rains and other problems developed in many states in 1972 bringing many farm activities to a halt, and farmers had little or no record of fuel purchases usable as a base for current allocations. The revision now allows farmers to get necessary fuel. Farm ers are cautioned that fuels delivered during this 60-day period will be assessed against their adjusted total annual allocation. Weston said that state and county offices of ASCS have been monitoring the farm fuel situation for months and assisting fanners by reporting their fuel needs to the appropriate governmental units. He said this service will continue, but quoted Smith as saying, “there are no fuel spigots at ASCS of fices.” Weston noted that fuel supplies for Beaverhead County could be very tight and stressed the need for energy conservation. He added that farm ers understand con servation and he was sure that farmers would be taking leader ship roles in saving energy. Weston said, “We all need to make available supplies go further in the months ahead.” DAILY TRIBUNE-EXAMINER Page 4 - D illon, Montana Friday, December 7,1973 a n e h N e w s Cattle-feed ■ ■ one end, in goes out the other SEATTLE (AP) — Is repro cessed cattle manure a suitable feed for dairy cows and beef herds? Backers of a “Cowdominium” project in Enumclaw say it is. The Seattle-King County Health Department isn’t so sure. Hugh C. Leiper, president of Farm Ecology Inc., says the firm is issuing stock to raise money for a large wheel-shaped structure that would house dairy cows, collect their manure, process it and give the stuff back to the herd as part of their food. The product, which he calls Cowmel, would be treated with heat and pressure to remove bacteria, Leiper said. “It is necessary to stop thinking of this as manure,” he insists. “It is not. Manure is what went into the process, but what came out was a sterile food that is no longer manure.” Health officials say manure is manure, and they’ve told Leiper that city, county and state health regulations prohibit feeding animal wastes to dairy herds. Leiper said Thursday he plans a “full briefing” for public health agencies in about two weeks, with representatives from the prestigious Battelle Memorial Institute on hand to explain how the excrement is converted into food. He also said that if he is un successful in getting Cowmel accepted by health authorities for dairy herds he will market the product “to feed beef cattle” or pigs. In fact, Leiper said, beef cattle already have been given Cowmel as a partial food supplement and have been slaughtered, with the meat sold commercially under U.S. Department of Agriculture inspection. Dr. C.D. Van Houweling, di rector of the veterinary medicine bureau for the Food and Drug Administration in Washington, D.C., says the agency has en couraged research on the reprocessing of manure .into food but still does not “sanction the use of animal wastes as feed for other animals.” The FDA will reconsider its opinion if authorities are convinced no health threat is involved, Houweling said. But meanwhile, he concluded, “If somebody wants to feed re cycled manure to his own animals it is his own business. He cannot do it to a dairy herd and sell the milk, because there are regulations against it. “And if he tried to sell the meat outside the state, the regulations might prevail there, too.” MONTANA CHAROLAIS ASSOCIATION—officers for 1974 elected during a recent meeting of the association are from left John Rothlisberger, vice president, Livingston, Carla Turk, secretary-treasurer, Big Sandy, Russ Lafond, president, Big Timber. An affiliate of the American-International Charolais Association, Montana has over 180 active AICA members. USDA predicts record year for farm income WASHINGTON (AP) - The Agriculture Department predicts 1974 will be the second best year on record for farmers, with net in come between $20 billion and $23 billion. Beaverhead FFA reports meetings President Calvin Christensen of the Beaverhead Chapter of Future Farmers of America presided over the November meeting. Joe Johnson reported the Har vest Ball was a success and the band was very well liked. The winners from the beef raffle were Dick Later, Marian Kruljac, Andy Johnson Sr. and Nancy Paige. Mike McGinley delivered the meat Saturday morning. Richard Harrison reported that the initiation for Greenhand and Chapter Farmer was held in Twin Bridges. The Twin Bridges chapter Fertilizer export controls proposed THF MINI-CO-OP will be closed all Sundays from now on. Seeking to ensure that American farmers have (fertilizer to produce food for U.S. consumption, Congressman Dick Shoup (R- MAtontaMU haftoall«bioCMlhe «*d- :„zBidi 3 t£allon Jo': begttftcoafroflfog fertilizer exports. In conjunction, Shoup commended the government for recently setting up a program to provide a record of exports. The second term congressman pointed out that an acute fertilizer ADULT RECREATION for men begins Tuesday, December 11, 7:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. Boy s Gym Women's Tuesday, recreation January 8 shortage faces the American farmer today. “If we are going to produce food for America and the rest of the .world, we must have fertilizer. Without it there Simply will not be as many bushels of wheat or loaves of bread per acre,” Shoup stated. Various reasons have been given as the cause of the shortage, but Shoup pointed out that exports climbed by 40 per cent during the recent domestic price ceiling. In addition, controlling exports is the easiest and quickest step to help the American farm er and ultimately the consumer. Other contributing factors to the situation include a shortage of nitrates in 1972, the purchase of American-owned fertilizer plants in Canada by Canadians with sale of fertilizer limited to Canada, and use of natural gas (used to produce ammonia fertilizers) in the United States for more profitable products. Emphasizing his concern for the American consumer, Shoup concluded: A continuing shortage of fertilizer will send prices of both food grains and feed grains only one way—up. ...T H E FULL IN F O R M A T I O N * • • Give a subscription to tho W e Tell it Like it is! TRIBUNE-EXAMINER and T n r \ J U S T I r l f c P l u m For New subscribers O n ly $ 0 9 5 6 m o n ths 6 m o n l h i regularly ‘7“ TRIbUNE-EXAMINER served dinner before the initiation ceremonies. April Mallon said that the Chapter would need to hold another initiation as some new members missed the initiation in Twin Bridges. The Slave Auction was discussed and it was moved and seconded that it wait until wanner weather. Tom Craver reported that Ron Johnson from the First National Bank dropped the sponsorship of the FFA calendar so the chapter is looking for another sponsor. Ron McGinley and Richard Harrison were to find a sponsor. Rodger Johnson reported that a project for making money would be to sell wood for fireplaces. A committee was chosen to work on this project, members are— Tom Craver, chairman, Sam Hayden, Dan Hill, Rhonda Paige, Julie Anders and Andy Johnson. Wayne Heikkila said he got some pamphlets on the Alumni Association and a list of all people eligible is going to be drawn up. John Harrison reported that FFA suppliesJ-eoutd be'ortterefr* through the Chapter advisoF,' Larry Laknar. Mike McGinley said that the Chapter’s Star; Greenhand would be chosen at the next meeting. Kim Conover asked that anyone interested for running for chapter Sweetheart contact John Harrison or John Verbance. Calvin Christensen reported the public speaking contest will be held in January, the speech is to be from six to eight fnihutes and pertain to agriculture. Advisor Laknar said that the judging teams for Winter Fair will have to be chosen, and that training sessions will also be held. The Yellowstone boys ranch was discussed and a Christmas donation was sent. The Beaverhead Chapter of Future Farmers of America met Nov. 27 with President Calvin Christensen presiding. Thirty members attended. Before the official meeting started, Greenhand initiates in terested in the title of Chapter Star Greenhand were interviewed by the officers and following the in terviews they took a general knowledge test on Agriculture. The winner of the star Greenhand is Richard Harrison. Kerry Sparks was initiated as a Chapter Farmer as he was unable to attend the Twin Bridges ceremonies. Ron McGinley reported that the chapter is still looking for a sponsor for the calendars. Tom Craver reported that a date would have to be set up to cut the fireplace wood after the area cleared iq> a little better. Wayne Heikkila reported that a letter is going to be sent out to each eligible Alumni member, ap proximately 90 people qualified as members. John . Verbanc^ reported jjiat But there are signs the agri cultural boom, which sent farm assets soaring this year, will cool a bit in 1974 as the result of lower prices for some commodities and higher production costs. The preview on farm finances was given Thursday in a report by the Outlook and Situation Board. It said farmers generally “are in a very good” financial situation as they head into 1974. Net farm income this year soared to more than $25 billion, up more than $5 billion from 1972. The range of $20 billion to $23 billion for next year were the first figures released by USDA on 1974 income prospects. Farmers are expected to pro duce more next year and that will mean larger outlays for items needed to handle larger crops and livestock operations. The report State farm prices dip HELENA (AP) — Prices re ceived by Montana farmers and ranchers for their products de clined slightly during the past month, but remain well above the averages of a year ago, the Montana Crop and Livestock Reporting Service said today. The report said the index of all -’res received declined 13 points < * * * • S f l g tohnW- 01 Sw 0 £theari A committee was set up to plan the decoration of Christmas trees around the school. They are : Mike McGinley chairman, Peacho Hren, Dan Hill, Ron McGinley, and John Harrison. Advisor Larry Laknar reported that a judging session will be held Wednesday after school Dec. 5 in the Vo-Ag building. Donna Wigen reported that the Public speaking contest would be held Jan. 22. Calvin Christensen said ap plications for state awards can be required from the advisor. The new member of the chapter Harry O’Connor was welcomed to the organization. Reporter Kristen Watters November. The index is computed on the 100-point base year of 1967. The index for mid-November last year stood at 144 points. The index of crop prices declined three points to 270. The report said higher prices for wheat and seed crops were offset by lower prices for feed grains and hay. Lower prices for meat animals and wool caused the index of livestock prices to drop to 191 points, a decline of 20 points from mid-October. A year ago the index stood at 155 points. The report said higher prices were registered for dairy products, poultry and eggs. Meanwhile, prices paid by Montana farmers for hay declined 3 per cent during the month. However, dairymen paid 5 per cent more for 14 per cent protein mixed feed for their herds, the report said. said farmers will therefore borrow more even if interest rates remain high. “However, farmers’ demands for such funds will be moderated by the carryover of large cash balances, time deposits and unsold inventories of crops and livestock,” the report said. Besides a dip in farm income, another indicator also shows the agricultural economy is slowing down. That signpost is the total farm asset tabulation, estimated annually by the department. Local m a r k e t s Montana Livestock Auction report tor Dec 4, 1973; Total day's receipts: 3204 Last week's total: 6952 CATTLE Good to choice fed steers 37 to 39 Medium to good fed steers 35 to 37 Good to choice ted heifers 35 to 37 Medium to good fed heifers 33 to 35 Young heifer type cows 28 to 35 Utility and commercial cows 25 to 29 Canner and cutter cows 22 to 26 Bulls 32 to 38 Veal calves 50 to 60 Cows were $3 per cwt lower STOCKERS A FE E D E R S Good to choice steers 42 to 52 Medium to good steers 35 to 42 Good to choice heifers 38 to 47 Medium to good heifers 34 to 38 Good to choice steer calves 50 to 60 Medium steer calves 40 to 50 Good to choice heifer calves 45 to 52 Stock cows 325 to 400 Fleshy feeder steers 36 to 44 Dairy type calves 38 to 45 Stockers and feeders were $3 to S4 per cwt lower. HOGS Top on butchers 37.25 Bulk butchers 36 to 37 :|jjr#^00-500 lb. 23 ^ ■% , I, J, itchers were $1.50 toweV 1 Idaho Livestock Auction report for Dec 5 1973: CATTLE Estimate 3400 total Choice grain fed steers 37 to 39 Good steers 35 to 37 Commercial steers 33 to 34 Choice fat heifers 37 to 38 Good fat heifers 34 to 36 Commercial cows 31 to 32 Utility cows 28 to 29 Cutter cows 27 to 28 Canners 24 to 26 Bulls 36 to 40 Veal calves 47 to 52 Good feeder steers 42 to 45 Medium feeder steers 40 to 42 Holstein steers 35 to 37 Good feeding heifers 34 to 38 Medium feeding heifers 32 to 34 Feeding cows 27 to 30 Stock steer calves 55 to 60 Stock heifer calves 47 to 50 Dairy type calves 45 to 48 SH E E P Estimate 5480 total. Choice fat lambs 37.50 to 38.35 Feeder lambs 37.50 to 38.70 Odd ruff feeder lambs 35 and down Light fat ewes 16 to 17 Canner ewes and bucks 15 to 16.50 Breeding ewes 24 to 30 Lambs steady to 50 higher, ewes 50 higher. Farm Union scared of major price bust' WASHINGTON (AP) - Despite predictions by the Agriculture Department that farm ers will boost production next year and still get favorable prices, the National Fanners Union is skeptical. “The farmers of the United States are simply scared to death that the Nixon-Butz agricultural policies are heading straight into a mammoth bust in farm prices,” DILLON HIDE and FUR 501 N o rth M ontana WeBuy... Hides and Pelts Scrap Iron Batteries Woof and Sheep We Sell... Steel Posts Barbed Wire? Field Fence Nails and Roofing Ledbetter 8 Sinclair Phone 083.5891. Box 248 Cloned Saturday 12 Noon union President Tony Dechant said Thursday. “That’s what’s holding farmers back,” Dechant said. “Fanning resources are already stretched about as thin as they can go.” Agriculture Secretary Earl L. Butz announced earlier this year that there will be no federal acreage restraints in 1974 and urged all-out production. Crop 'excellent' WASHINGTON (AP) - The winter wheat crop that will be harvested next summer is In “good to excellent” condition in most areas, the Agriculture Department says. “Recent moisture helped winter wheat in Kansas, and stands are good although top growth is short,” the department says in a weekly weather report. The Oklahoma crop is providing “better grazing than normal” for livestock, and wheat in Nebraska is mostly in good condition, the report said. P o t a t o m a r k o t s C H IC A G O (A P ) - (U S D A ) — Ma|or potato m a rkat* F O B shipping points U.S. 1A Thur- •day in 100 ib seeks: W liconiln r u u a t a 6.50- 4.75) W isconsin round whites a taw 5.50-5.60; M lnnsaota North Dakota Rad R \ or Vallay round rtda 4,75-5.00; Idaho r u u a t i a taw 7.00- 7.S0. Freezone is for corns that hurt. Absolutely painless, No dangerous cutting, no ugly pads or plasters, In days, Fraaiona eases the hurt...sifely helps aisa off the corn, Drop on Frenona-tike off corns. a.'MOVis:' \ COHVt and calluses ~ n ENERGY CRISIS GASOLINE RATIONING? \W H Y W ORRY? i/ t Here Is Our No. 1 Solution BUY ADATSUN 1200 Tom McCahill Reports in December Issue of Mechanix Illustrated: 'W e tested America's most economical car, 106 miles on 3 gallons or 35.3 miles per gallon. ARCTIC MOTORS AND SERVICE SERVICE A N D PARTS— Ph. 723-4466 SALES DEPARTMENT— Ph. 792-0433 1240 HARRISON AVE. rvUere ‘ ' i « Customers Sert-The '1 '■ X ^