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-481111111mildllimillisMoomb.sullINIONWSISsollassasill10111111insomsellballfsMosmorswisssmssoms asi - The Columbian. rraLienral DD JNO. W. PA.02C. A WEEELT NEWSPAPF,R DEVOTED TO THE INTFRESTS OF THE FLATHEAD REGION. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION, BY MAIL: Throe Dollars per year to any P.O. Address. •••.id :vane° 2.' pr Year. ••• b•enee. .11. ia advance, 75 Cents. TUE COLUMBIAN invites its patrons and friends to send items of all kinds regarding improvements, and occur- rences which are of interest, to the people of tie! I'lat head. Atkirses all letters to THE COLUMBIAN, Columbia Falls, Mont. ENTERED AT MONACO POSTOPPICE AS SECOND CLASP MAIL MATTER. ' \'MYRON() RILLS PAYABLE THE \-\ OF I.: ICH MOVTIL - . DAY, JULY 30, 1891. Where is John James Ingalls, of Kansas? Has he joined the Alliance, or is he campaigning in Ohio? - - --- Jerry Simpson says \the farmers of Kansas are in a better condition than the farmers of any other state that he has seeu.\ This assertion is proof that Jerry hasn't traveled much. One of Kalispell's real estate men remarked on Thursday last: \Col- umbia Falls is making mom solid progress and putting up greater per- manent improvements, with less noise, than any place I ever saw.\ THE COLUMBIAN acknowledges re- ceipt of an invitation to attend the North Montana Fair, to be held Au- gust 17-19 inclusive, at Great Falls. It will no doubt be a successful event, as those Great Falls fellows have a habit of \getting there with both feet.\ Helena is beginning to show the \ces power that has been dor- mant for lo these many years. That city will be the meeting place of the r o) National Teachers' Association, and the Supreme Lodge of the A. 0. U. W. order in 1892. Now if Helena • uld bring about the building of the Avon route and get a firm hold I)\ he 7!'lathead trade, she would • - •ir Fee world that the moss crop .1 giehered for the last time. Court business opened up bright and early Monday morning, and the mills of justice had a grist. With a court at home the people of this vi- cinity can settle their differences in the proper manner without the an- noyances experienced a month ago. Before the establishment of Columbia township citizens of the upper Flat- head valley had to travel from twenty to forty miles, and then take chances on getting a fair deal. The members of the Farmers' Alli- ance had a jollification meeting at At- r illiailli tere Gee. Weater, Colonel Polk, nta last treek, and the end men Sam Small and Sodden Jerry Simp- son. They created much enthusiasm and the two old parties were flayed most unmercifully. Weaver fur- nished the tariff jokes, Polk rattled the bones of the half-hearted gran- gers, Sam Small did a specialty act in which he emitted flames from the cavity in his face, and Jerry—well he changed socks and broke up the meeting. Prof. Everatan, who is visiting Mon- tana with a view to establishing a fish hatchery, should not fail to see Whitefish and Terry lakes. They are as fine bodies of water as can be found anywhere in the United States, and possess advantages for fish cul- ture that are preeminent. There can be no doubt that the waters of the Flathead are suitable for Mr. Ever - man's scheme. Unlimitee. in volume, and as pure as running water can be, it seems certain that the professor will not leave this region without se - 'Ming a site. The water mains reached the cen- ter of Columbia Falls Monday, work on the new bridge across the Flathead river was resumed, grading the streets is going ahead, the machinery for the electric light plant has ar- rived, the boilers for the largest com- bined lumber, shingle, lath and planing mill in Montana is on the ground, excavation was commenced on another solid brick block, while the dozens of private enterprises and building plans are being carried out. That shows the progress Columbia Falls is making. And the people are not blowing any trumpets about it either. The governor of Tennessee has or- dered the entire state militia to Brice - vile to protect the convict miners who were put at work in place of strikers. A few days since the miners captured the troops, put them on trains and sent them to Knoxville, and nobody was hurt. The miners then took the convicts to jail and fed them. Not a blow was struck or shot fired. From all we can learn the miners should win. Convicts should not be put in the places of free laborers, and Gov- ernor Buchanan will not get much sympathy from this region if he 6111Saild1616 at -Na- to Sippstt.aLs. A well known workman on the line of the Great Northern writes to this paper to know if there is \any way under God's sun to get mail up the line of the road?\ That is a question. Shepard & Siems have a mail carrier who is paid by a deduction of one cent a day from the wages of every laborer on the line. His compensa- tion is high enough to give the men a good mail service. From all that can be gathered we surmise that the col- lection of the compensation of the mail carrier is about the only portion of the transaction that receives stu- dious care. If the men along the line do not re .iee what they pay for they should appeal to the proper con- tractors in person, and if Shepard & Sims moan to be fair the mail diffi- culty will soon be remedied. - - A writer signing himself \Rancher\ writes to THE COLUMBIAN that, while much credit is due General Eaton for the prompt manner in which the sur- vey passed through the formality of his office, there are others who de- serve especial commendation. \Rancher\ is quite right. There are many persons to whom much credit is due in working for the acceptance of the Rakovitz survey, among them Ramsdell Brae., C. Y. Reeder, Frank Langford, G. H. Wheeler and many others who not only gave time but also money for the work. Now that a great move has been made there is much to be grateful for, and the workers are all entitled to the thanks of settlers generally. -------- - TIMBER CUTTING. As upon every question, the press of this state is divided upon the tim- ber cutting question. The recent de- cisions of the Interior department have brought the matter into new prominence. Under new rules per- sons and corporations may cut timber from public lands xereepermission has been received from the department. There is in this ruling no apparont disposition to permit the denuding of public lands, but on the contrary, an evident desire to permit the cut- ting of timber to aid the development of the country. Those who criticise the rulings have evidently failed to consider two points, viz: (I) that tim- ber cutting rights do not extend to agricultural lands, and consequently work no hardship upon the fanner; (2) that the claims of squatters and settlers are exempt from the general timber cutting permit. Further than this mineral land is not included in the territory over which a permit ex- tends. Thus it appears that the ruling is in favor of development and civiliza- tion. It is surely in the line of pro- gress. Montana miners, millers, and even renchmen can recollect the time when they ran the gauntlet of prose- cution when they cut enough timber to carry on their improvements. Dur- ing the time that those restrictions were in f-ee Montana did not pro- gress—it practically stood still until the government became more liberal with its public domain. It was a glad day for Montana when that policy was changed. Timber is necessary to the development of Montana's re- sources, and its manufacture is one of the state's greatest industries. There are billions and billions of feet ----enough for all purposes for a cen- tury to come. It is only necessary, then, to prevent its being wasted, and there are sufficient penalties for that abuse. WITH THE EDITORS. An OW Back Number. That cannibalistic yarn from Brazil, sent out by the Associated Press re- cently, went the rounds of the press about a year ago and was stolen bod- ily from a novel, the title of which is now forgotten. Once a year is too often to spring that tale. Once every five years is enough.—Gazette. Nu Trunks. no Honeymoon. A brida and groom are making a bridal tour from Chicago to New York on bicycles. So says a current paragraph, and we will give it full credence as soon as we are satisfied that a bicycle has been invented that will carry three or four large trunks. —Helena Herald. Looking for is Snap. A dispatch from Washington says the emancipated slaves of Brazil re- fuse to work for love or money. They must be waiting to be appointed walking delegates.—Standard. gym,. Bit of That Sum. - Montana fat steers are now bring- ing $5.50 a cwt. in the Chicago mar- ket and the heart of the cattle king is filled with rejoicing. Our beef product will bring into the state this year scarcely less than $10,000,000.— Great Falls Tribune. In Hot Weather. Peppered dishes properly belong to summer time. Strange as it may seem, curries and hot dishes of all kinds are of a tropical or Indian ori- gin. Even the birds and animals of the tropics use Chile peppers as arti- cles of diet. Under the influence of hot weather the appetite flags, and seems to need some such stimulus. Whether oar palates are rendered callous by wareeireether or not, time peppered Mier are eaesediagly s. -yeeyisi-la-enuase tisoa—A.r.Thimene.- TN STICKER AND YN STUCK. God made two chustes of mankind, Ye sticker and ye stuck; Ye Slit Is made of finest May. Ye last is made of muck. in sticker bath ye royal time, And bath ye untold hoard; Hut ye poor little one he stuck Heti' no more \tick\ for board. Right jolly is ye sticker man, He beeth broad and stout; He Ikea, on ye fattest things, And driveth round about. Hut ye poor stuck 'loth never laugh. He growetit lean and lank; And seeth all his pennies fade, In yonder failing bank. God made ye classes as they are; I doubt not he knows best; lint still ye sticker man gets itli An , 1 r,li it .1 mu ye see . .. .• -Philadelphia Press. A SPLENDID OFFER. An Educational Opportunity For a Young Man or Woman. Every boy or girl realizes the im- portance of Education. Every day business tran3actions require a knowl- edge of business methods, and the person lacking education seldom wins in the race with educated competi- tors. THE COLUMBIAN has made ar- rangements whereby it can offer to some young man or woman the op- portunity to acquire a business edu- cation. The terms of this offer are so easily complied with that only energy is re quired to reach it. To any young or woman who will bring in 100 yearly paid up subscrib- ers to TUE COLUMBIAN, we will give a paid up scholarship in the Helena Business College. This scholarship calls for any branch or branches desired, includ- ing Bookkeeping, Shorthand, Teleg- raphy, Mathematics, Penmanship or Languages. It is an opportunity that young men and women cannot afford to miss, and can be earned in two weeks faithful work by any ener- getic young man or woman. Call at this office for further particulars. Flathead Ewes- Company. Favorable rates and quick dispatch. Prompt attention given to shipments of freight and treasure. Daily service between Columbia Falls, Kalispell, Demersville and Ravalli. Connect- ing with Northern Pacific Express Co. for all points in the United States and Canada. Franked express envelopes, insur- ing quick transportation and no de- lay at, Ashley, Dernersville or Ravalli, for sale at my office. Five cents each or six for 25 cents. JAMES KENNEDY, Agent. Avenue Lis A • 1/, MEAT MARKET. ‘ . 1 I Ti I a A Full Supply of CHOICE a MEATS Constantly on Hand. COLUMBIA FALLS, - MONTANA. HICKMAN &LINDSLY, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DRUGGISTS And Dealers in WALL PAPER, PAINTS, BRUSHES STATIONERY, PERFUMES, FANCY GOODS. SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO PRE- SCRIPTION WORK. No. 6. W. Main St. MISSOULA. EVANS 6. BARNETT. - - : The - Seuate- Saloon. • ToISTISOIELIAL.. THOS. H. WHITE, [Late of //lariats City and Butte.] 13 A lt 13 I4_ 1 . —AND— mos-4.n.y• Pt7337.410. COLUMBIA FALLS, - - MONTANA. Next to Windsor Hotel. L. A. FARMER, ARCHITECT, CONTRACTOR AND BUILEDR. EFtimatv Fproisned oll all Kids of Baildinls. Plans : at : Reasonalle : Rates. Office over Tostoalce. COLUMBIA FALLS, MONTANA. A. H. BURCH DENTA I 4 SURGEON UP STAIRS P. 0. BUILDING. Columbia Falls, • - - Montana. Brew Soon. Riniert & Bryant, Props. THE REST OF WINES, LIQUORS. AND CIGARS. HELEN NELSON BELLAIRS BELMONT CM BRAY ER Whiskeys. Milwaukee Kel and Bottled Beer HENNESSY AND CALIFORNIA BRANDIES. Nucleus Armlet,. Columbia Falls, Mont. HELENA Business College. AN INSTITUTE OF Shortliand, Telegraphy, Penmanship. And ARCHITECTURAL DRAWING. SEVEN YEARS BEFORE THE PUBRIC. SUPERIOR TEACHERS FROM THE EAST AND ABROAD. NO VACATIONS -Students admitted at any time. Expenses Moderate. Speeial BoAantNe. AectoutooaTioxii fur Students from Abroad at StUd011tS Home. LESSONS By MAIL IN Mt CELEBRATED PERKIN PHONOGRAPHY. Cost of Complete Text Book. .. 2 50 Pull Course, by Mail ......... . _25 au Or - References: Business and Professional Men of Montana. Write for Terms, or read 'Business Educator.' Address, PROF. H. T. ENcrLuoax, M.A. PRIN. HELENS, MONTANA. NORTHERN PACIFIC BETWEEN MISSOULA, GARRISON,HELENA BUTTE, BOZEMAN, BILLINGS, LIVINGSTON, GLENDIVE, MILES CITY. Ave ALL POINTS EAST AND WEST. There is notin g better than the Diiiiii Car _Lille. Through Pullman Sleeping Cars and Furnished Tourist Sleepers Run Daily Between Points in MONTANA ANU $t. Paid, Mineapolis and Chicalo. PASSING THROUGH MINNESOTA, NORTH DAKOTA, MONTANA, IDAHO, OREGON AND WASHINGTON. Pullman Palace Sleeping Cars, First and Second Class Coaches, Pullman Tourists' Cars, Free Colonial Sleepers. THROUGH TICKETS are sold at all coupon offices of the Northern Pa- cific Railroad to all points North, Sast, South and West in the United States and Canada. Time Efoheodulia: Leave. Ravin! daily felaaa. Botta, BOW. Firsitela sare r e Clutk. sa pOin a l l t i ; Chigall a East at a.ga. Leave ltsvalli daily tor Spokane, Tacoma. Beattla. Portland and all violas point, at :It a um IW`Tnitaa atop at Suva Gab as Waal. E l From This Day We Have Concluded to Run Our Business On a STRICTLY CASH BASIS. The Missoula Mercantile Co., has a Complete Stock of Goods at the Store For- merly occupied by the Ramsdell Bros. People in the Vicinity of Columbia Falls can now have the benefit of Low Prices. MISSSOULA MERCANTILE COMPANY. COLUMBIA FALLS, MONTANA. THE MISSOULA Kennedy & Mitchell, Props. J. Hid M. 5l. (.4:11I1C. \The Me\ A Now House and is St WINE rictly First -Class., (PPS ot,:y th,ost q ua; dy S, LIQUORS nil CIGARS. Just Opened—All Modern Improvements Pates *8.50 to $4.540. MiEssoula, Montana.. Racket Store. Demersville, Montana. I i We have an Agency in New York City to purchase our stock, in order CoLrmeia FALLS, - - MONTANA. to enable 1114 to sell at lower prices than others. Our agent has instructions i to watch every Auction Sale. Call anti see what we have in the line of , The mogel Restaurant Hardware, Tinware, Sporting Goods, Gents' Furnishing Goods, Boots and Shoes. 1 A new line of Hats, all the latest styles from New York, 25 per cent off. i Stationery and Notions of all kinds, Cigars, Tobacco, Fruit and Confec- tionery. Next door to Ruth & McDonald's terWhat is the use of wasting a dollar when you can save it? lodging !reuse. ALLEN JOHNSON, Manager. C. F. W. HALL, Prop. First -Class meals from 6 a.m. to 8 p.m. . \Wet Your Whistle' at The Arcade, Is The Proper Advice For All to Follow. CLIFF' 1-10ITSM. First Door North of Postoffice. B. P. BARTLESON, PROP. Columbia Falls, Mont. Demererville, Montana HUNT & HARWOOD, : : PROPRIETORS. COLUMBIA BAKERY THE LEADING HOTEL OF THE FLATHEAD COUNTRY. Well Furnisheci Rooms --Excellent Table. Bar and Billiards. ALL BOATS AND STAGES LAND IN FRONT OF THE HOUSE. First. Avenue. D. S. COBURN, Proprietor. [Formerly of the Missoula Bakery.] Best of Fresh Bread, Pies, Cakes. Nortlierliktondoilallmprovolimill PASTRY MI; TO \DER COMPANY. WALSH & MURPHY, Columbia Falls, : : Montana. 8rrOCICHOLEMEZ8: FIRST NATIONAL BANK, BUTTE, PARROTT COPPER CO., BUTTE, FRASER & CHALMERS, CHICAGO. OirrirICICR.E3: PPESIDENT, JAMES A. TALBOTT, BurrE; VICE PRESIDENT, L. C. TRENT, SALT LAKE; TREASURER, ANDREW J. DAVIS, Berra: SEcarralv, FRANK LANG FORD, Cocrmeu FALL& 0 THE DE R FASALOON, Nucleus Avenue. CHOICE WINES, LIQUORS, AND CIGARS. MILWAUKEE BEER ON DRAUGHT. : COLUMBIA FALLS • • • MONT ANA. RUTH 86 McDONALD, Have Opened Their New Saloon and Keep the Beet of Liquors and Cigars. Choice Wines, Liquors and Cigars. Open Day and Night. Nrcust‘ Aron- • Courou TALL& ATDOMEurglittr CHAS. S. PIE, IPass. sot Tidal Ilt.Paul.lthie. OW2sTEI JAIW OPICRAMICEI: LANDS, MILLSITES, WATER POWERS, TOWNSITES, COAL, LUM- BER, MINING AND INDUSTRIAL SNTERPRISES In tie hied Cooties. They Have Furnished Rooms for Lodgiags. The Best of Beds. First Ave. West, - Coirstata Fat to.