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THE COLUMBIAN. SIXTH YEAR. COLUMBIA FALLS, MONTANA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 30. 1890. NUMBER COLUMBIA FALLS IS SURROUNDED BY MORE NATURAL RESOURCES THAN ANY CITY ON THE PACIFIC SLOPE. b ^ i s t k : COLUMBIA FALLS, Columbia Falls, Mout. DIRECTORS: A. J. Davis, : : Ajutte, Mt. James A. Talbott, Butte, Mt. J. E. Gaylord, : • Butto, Mt. B . Tibbey : : Butte, Mt. L. C. Trent, Salt Lake. of the United States and Europe; i. READ, CiMhlor T H E BEE HIVEi STORE. ! T LOW PRICES CROCKERY. TINW A R E , jj Wooden Ware, £ Kitchen Utensils, % Lamps, Etc. | r.n'nccn c Call and Look Over Our b Stock and Get Prices, c 1 MAIN STREET. J Columbia Falls, Montana. ! PROFESSIONAL CARDS. D. F. S M ITH , Attorr\evj-at-Liav2, COMMISSIONER U.S.CIRCUIT COURT COLUMBIA TALLS, l.tONT. A. Y LINDSEY, ATTO R N E Y A T LAW, NOTARY PUBLIC. OScc In P. 0. Bnlldliic. - Columbia Falla. A. H. BURCH, =D E N T 1 S 1 = Offices: Conrad Block. KALISPELL, : MONTANA. DR. J. A. GHENT. Consulting Physician. Kalispell, Montana. THE COLUMBIAN LEADS IN JOB PRINTING. REMEMBER - That you can have ____________ Semi-Weekly Enquirer and T he ~ C olumbian both ono yoar for just Three Dollars. Both ore Inde pendent Free-Silver Papers and Lead in their respective fields. Try them! Begin Now! WINE AND WHOOPS Agnes Belle Steele Will Break a Bottle nutl the Other* will Yell Over , Good Ship, Helena. BUTTE’S HANDY GRETNA GREEN. Tracy Gets k -Guilty” Verdict—Mr. Sleere's School Report—News Miss Agnes Belle Steele, iho 15- ye^r-old daughtor of Mayor Steele, Heleuu, will christen the new gun boat Holens today, Jan. 30, at New port News, Va., when one of tho lat est* acquisitions to tho navy will be launched. She wbb appointed by Actiug^Joveruor Botkin at a special 'mooting of the city council held for the purpose of determining i some ouo io break the bottle of over tho boat as slie glides off tho stays into tho blue waters of the Potomac. Not only was.tbnt honor bestowed upon her, but Ibe council voted $500 to defray her and her father’s expenses: The mayor will do the orutorical honors on behalf of the city for which the boat me of tho most noted ebar- .actersin the 'state, baviug been oil through tho vigilaDte days, tho pli gold excitement in Alder gulch and Last Chauch gulch. He crossed the Mississippi river headed westward 1859 and has never crossed it sin< Ho has not been out of Montana twenty years. The young lady nev was out of the state. She is a typical girl of tho west, good looking, not yet sixteen, can hunt all over the hills 'ithout getting tired, is a good shot, and owns a buldog that has tho street all to himself when they come down tonn together. Divorced people iD Butto who want got married have discovered a way get around tho new code, says the Standard. In the good old days, when Butte bad no marriage and di- s at all, worth speakiug of, either party could be divorced in one minuto and married to some one else it minute. That was a very convenient and pleasaut arrange ment. Since July 1 last, however, there has beeu a change brought about by the uew codo The new code does not prevent them from gpt- ting divorced, but it has prevented them from marrying again quickly. Tho new codo says that whore a cou- plo are divorced the iuuocent party shall not remarry in two years and tho guilty party shall not marry agaiu in three years. low several couples have found a way to get around this law, aud a justice of the peace iu Beaver canyon is said to bo gettiug rich in consequeuce. Beaver canyon is the first station in Idaho on the Uniou Pacific line. The Montana divorce law does not hold io Idaho, and di vorced peoplo in Butto can leovo Butte after bankiug hours in the afternoon, reach Beaver canyon in the evening, get married, stay over night and take the train back to Butte next day. All that is neces sary is money enough to buy two round trip tickets for Beaver canyon. Four couples went to Boaver cauyou to get married last mouth, unotlier cut Saturday and still uu- other left Butte yesterday, the'pros pective husband having been granted divorce ODly a few weeks ago. After boingout five hours, the jury iu tho Tracy murder case at Living- BtoD returned a verdict of voluntary slaughter. Tho defense admit ted the killing and thp correctness of the state’s evidence that Tracy, after being knocked insensible by Audor- sou in the fight, got up ten minutes later, walked forty yards to gctuguD, and returned,-kicked iu Anderson's door aud shot him twice wbiio the victim was seated at tho tablo with bis wife eating dinner. The only de- fonso offered was thut of temporary insanity, caused by concussion of the brain resulting from u blow o:. tho head at Anderson’s hands thirty minutes prior to the firing of the fatal shots. State Superintendent of Public In struction E. A. Steere’s anuual report the governor, completed Saturday, shows that there arc 39.252 children of school age in the state—that is, be tween six aud twenty-one years old. Of this number there are 430 more boys thau girls. Of the children under six years there are 1,364 more boys in the state than girls. The coet of maintaining the schools last yoar was $664,681.08, being $36.82 per capita recorded on tho average attendance at schools. Of the 1! children in the stnto between eight and fourtoon—tho age of compulsory attendance, thero nre nearly 4,000 who do not attend any school. Thore aro 572 school houses iu the state and tho school proporty is. valuod al 741,592. Tho last ceusus, as report- red by Suporintoudont Stoere, shows thero aro 532 school districts, a creaso of thirty-sevou over last year. Tho nurabor of teachers has increas ed also, thero having been 878 em ployed dtiriug tbo year, or aoventy- seven more than tho year previous. Of these, 203 were meu and 675 women. Tho male teacher* received an averago monthly salary of $64.13 and tho female teachers $19.72. Tho average salary of the former was $1.07 loss per month thau the year bs and thf averago salary for tho.women teachers shows a monthly iucrease of $2.75 for tho Bomo period. John Morrissey, tho confidence man who insists that several Kansas City mon recognized him as Law rence Daly, brother of the hoted Montaua mine owner and horseman, and who declares that ho was obliged to swindle these Kausas City out of $350 to satisfy their sen ITospitslity, changed his miud. pleaded not guilty to tho charge of obtaining money under false pre tenses but changed bis plea to of guilty and was sentenced to three years iu the penitentiary. Tho positive knowledge that s> al new cases of diphtheria have been locatod within tbo city limits of Great Falls has had tho effect of materially reducing tho attendance at school. Dr. Longoway, health officer for Great Falls aud Cascade county, has refusod to permit tho public schools iu Sand Coulco to be reopened, there still being a number of cases of diph theria thero. _ Slate Treasurer Wright has issued call for $10,COO worth of outstand ing general fund warrants and com menced payment Saturday. This call includes all warrants registered p to and including Sept. 25, last. Tho Auacouda coinpauy-will order luio mammoth ougiues for their J. M. Andrews, the Parrot drug gist, died at Murray & Freuud’s hos pital, Butte. \V. J. Mullins obtained a divorce from Mrs. Mullins and Ann Williams got free from William. Williams, in Butte. Marcus Duly says ho knows noth ing about tbo $300,000 Montaua iug circuit that has beeu talked about. Footpads are working iu Butte agaiu. Joo, Matolo, a Hoinzo smel ter employe, was robbed of $126. TboA.O. U. W. ordor iu Butte will build a Duo hall. Anaconda has organized a football The Orr Electric Power company of Dillon has beeu incorporated by Matthew Orr, William C. Orr, Philip H. Poindexter; capital stock, $20,000. HIS MIDDLE NAME IS PAT. Listen to Mr. Sbcnn’s Flathcliii' Talk to the Righteous. Secretary Sheriu has issued the of ficial call for the democratic national convoutioh. It reads as follows: Thp democratic national < ilteo haviugVfliet in the city of Washington, Jail. 16, 1896, at 12 r'dock dooii , and chosen the city of Chicago its (he place fur holding the emocratic naticuul convention. Each state ia entitled to represen tation therein equal to- double the number of its senators and represen tatives iu the congress, aud each ter ritory and the district of Columbia shall liovo two delegates. AH democratic conservative citizens of the United Slates irrespective of political associations aud dif ferences, who can unite with us id ' the effort of pure, economical and constitutional government, are cor dially iuviled to uuite with us in sending delegates to the convention. Signed. W. F. H arritt , Chairman. I S. P. S derin , Secretary. The Fistic Tournament. Following is the program or SttiRri’s fistie tournament at El Paso, Tox.: Fobrunry 14—Maher versus Fitzim- raons, purse of $10,000 aud heavy- eight championship of the world. February 15—Bright Eyes versus Wulcott,- purse ’ $3,500 and welter weight championship of tbo world. Fobruory 16—Jack Everhart ver sus Horace Leeds, purse $3,500 and featherweight championship of the February 18—Jimmy Barry vorsus Johny Murphy, purse $2,500 and bantam weight championship of the world. SAVING MADE EASY Postal Savings Advocates arc Pelting Congress With the Figures of Other Countries. NEWS FROM MOST EVERYWHERE The Illinois Courts Will Have a Test Trust Case—The Tariff Barons Want More Tribute. Tho postal savings Lank- plan ha* been revived agaiu and Thomas Wil eon aud others who ore interested in the welfare of the laboring ell asking tbo post master-general to send a special report to congress urging a bill to carry it into effect. Various measures of this class havo beeu pro posed iu post years awl several post masters general have endorsed them. Mr. Wausmakor gavo a groat doal of attention to tho subject. Ho not only discussed tbo various plant length in his reports to cougross, but appeared before tbo cominitteo postofficos several times to advocate the adoption of a system for tbe ben efit of the-wage earners of tho coun try. The additional inducement is now offered of raising money for tbo government. It ia estimated that tbe deposits would amouut annually to $100,000,000 per year. The advocates assert that the pos tal savings system has beeu a success everywhere it has boon tried. Japan, which is always lookiug for whatever is good in government, was tho last country to adopt it, and bas found il to be a useful method of raising rev enue aud eucouraging economy among the laboriug classed. In 1893 thoro wore 989,092 depositors out of possible41.000,OOOof population. In 1895 this number hud increased to 1,139,331. The value of depositi was $24,586,580, aud in 1 $26,646,102, which is a remarkablo for.—people whoso wages are 10 to 15 cents a day. In Great Britain there aro 6,748,- 239 depositors in the postal savings systeip, which is ono to overy of the population. The total amount of their deposits last year was $107,- 138,20q. which is bd increase of $23,- r24,810 from the previous year. The number of deposits last yoar was 903,198, represoutiug a value of $123,- 245,120, aud what ia especially signif icant is that interest, amounting to $8,300,520 was left undrawn and placed to tho credit of depositors during the year. What is called tho stamp deposits system has been very successfully ii (reduced among the schools, aud the aggregate amount deposited by the children lsst year was over Under this system school children *re, furnished with cards ruled off iD squares the Size of a stamp, and when they have a penny thoy are en couraged to buy a postage stamp in stead of spending it for candy. The stamp is placed upon tho card, and when tbe card is full it is delivered to tho nearest postmaster, who gives the child credit iu u passbook for the amount of money represented. Those cards are supplied iu bulk to tbo teachers of the public schools, who required to instruct their pupils daily in practical lessons of economy and tho benefit of thrift. This is d to have an cxcellout effect not only among the children, but upon their parents also, both by tbe force of example and by making known the advantages and facilities offered by the savings system. Tho fact that one person out of overy seveu iu tho entire population of Great Brit- makes use of the postal savings buuk aud that it represent) thau $400,000,000 of their savings suggests that a similar privilege would be greatly valued by tho work ing people of the United States. Tbe secretary of tho treasury baa sued no orders thus far for the coinage of silver dollars, but Mr. Frost on, tbe director of the uiiut, is expectiug instructions daily for about $300,000 per month at New Orleans aud double tlmt amouut at Philadelphia. It • is tho purpose of the secretary to coiu only enough sil- dollars to redeem tho Sherman es as presented, and ho thinks that 5,000,000 or 6.000,000 will, bo auffi- ent. In response to an iuquiry from Secretary Oluey as to the moasuros taken to protect tho Americans ar rested in tbe Transvaal io connection with the late uprising, Ambassador Bayard has cabled that according to his present information, uniform, humano and indulgont personal treatment is being extended to nil persons, including Americana,.by the Boer government. This information has boon communicated to mombers of tho California deiegatiou in gross who are being flooded with telegrams urging them to have Ibe stnto dopartmeDt do something for the relief of Hammond, the Ameri can mining engineer imprisonod as one of the riDg-leadora.Hof tbo at tempt at revolution in Johannesburg. It is taken to mean that the Ameri can prisoners will be treated precise ly as those of other nations, without BITS OF THE WORLD’S NEWS. A terrible storm raged iu New Eng land Friday, wind blew *t the rato of 40 to 60 miles an hour. All tele graph communication between New England points and New York was stopped. Whoat at eastern seaports showed a gain of five ceffts per bushel last woek. A special to the Boston Travelor says that a ban placed by tbe Catho- lio church upon the ordora of Knights of Pythias, Sons of Temperance aud Odd Follow*Js. absolute and admits of do further This ia tho mandate of the pope, through his of ficial representative, Cardinal Sntolli. Bernhard Gillam, the great car toonist of Judge, who died from ty phoid fever at the Lome of bis father- in-law,'James ArkeU, at Canajobarie, N. Y., had been tbe main stay of Puck's successful rival in I' journal field. In 1886 Mr. Gillam, a born cartoonist, went into partner ship with \Y. J. ArkeU and bought Cablegram announces tbe appoint ment of Father Smith to be bishop of Wyoming. Father Smith is the pastor of St. Patrick's church iu Omaha. Attorney General Maloney of Illv- uoiso will begin quo warranto pro ceedings, under the anti-trust law, iu tho circuit court, agaiust tbe Illi nois Stoei Company, on tho ground that iu consolidating with the Joliet Steel Company it ovorroaehed its cor porate power. The Illinois Steel Company was incorporated in 1889, with a capital of $25,000,000, which has since been increased to $50,000,- 000. It has extensive plants in Chi cago, South Chicago, Joliet and Mil waukee. The Arkansas populists who at tended the recent national committee of that party at St. Louis returned with some interesting information. Tho intelligence is to the offect that the western and southern popu list leaders have centered upon Judge Henry C. Caldwell, formorly of Little Rock, as the man whom thoy will nominate for tho presidency at tbe couventiou to be held ' Louis July 23. Philadelphia captured everything at the convention of the National As sociation of Manufacturers at Chica go. It got the presidency, took the convention for 1897 and to keep up its reputation for acquisitivones ed for a man from that city to sent the manufacturers iu the next president’s official family. The meeting was noted for the number of millionaires, there being at least fifty, and strong resolutions in favor of a high tariff passed. A San Frapcisco paper says: Pres ident Cleveland has accepted an in vitation from Attorney W. W. Foote speud part of his vacation next summer on the Pacific coast Congressman H. D. Money was nominated by the democratic caucus as Unitod States senator to succeed Hon. J. Z. George of Mississippi. The big Amo. icon liuerSt. Paul ran onto a bar off Long Branch and tugs worked two days pulling her off. The German reiebstag refuses to vote money for a navy, and Emperdr William says he will borrow funds. He says, that on account of the colo nies, a strong German navy ia in- despensable. Russia and Turkey have closed a treaty and the czar will take charge of tho Armenian business. Minister Runyon's Death. Tho death of Theodore Runyan, of Now Jorsoy, ambassador to Germany, Saturday was vory sudden. Ho s undoubtedly a very popular rep resentative. His fumily received a sincere message from tho emperor and empress of Germany, while the German official circle paid marked respect to the memory of the Ameri can ambassador. Mr. Runyon was a wealthy resident of Newark, N. j., a gaduate of Yale and a highly edu cated mau. WASHINGTON CHAT Justice Field, Though Feeble and In competent, Will Hang to HU Job Till Gabo Toots. VENEZUELA’S LAWS ON SESSIONS The United States Ha* Never Actually Interfered in the Q.narrels of Its Neighbors Except by Advice The venerable Justice Field iavery indignant because of a report in the morning papers that be intends toafe tire from tho bench if the president will agree to appoint Judge Erskine N. Rosa^f Los Angeles, Cal., a successor, says Curtis in the Chicago Record. Justice Field thinks there is a conspiracy to get rid of him, and doclnres that he will not reti long as his health permits him to ponorm his duties. Ho declares that the present report originated with a gang of rascals, who havo been pursuing him lor several years and intend, if possible, to drive him off the bench, but he defies them. The venerable justice trill be 80 years old in November and was due to retiro during the first administration of President Cleveland, when ho reached hia 70th birthday, but has persistent ly declined to do so, although hia hoalth ia feeble and bis mental pow ers are somewhat impaired. It is hia ambition to beat the record for length of servioe. Chief Justice Marshall waa on the bench for thirty- four years, Justice Story for thirty- three and Justice McLean for thirty- two years. Next May Justico Field will celebrate the thirty-third uivorsary of bis appointment. Mr. Andrade, tbe Venezuelan t istor, tolls mo tbore can be nothing the reports from London that Groat Britain ia making overtures through Brazil for a renewal of dip lomatic relations with bis govern ment, or that President Crespo will enter into negotiations with Sir Augustus Hemtningway, the new governor of British Guiana, for a set tlement of the boundary dispute, be cause thoro was a law passed by the coDgreas of Venezuela in 1887 for bidding the government of that re public to reopen diplomatic relations with Great Britaiu until tbe British government shall agree to submit the entire frontier controversy t bitratiou. Thore ia no doubt the marquis of Salisbury is familiar with this act. Therefore, Sir Augustus Hommingway will be wasting time in seekiug to oppose open nego tiations unless he brings a square pro position to arbitrate. Even then Mr. Androde thinks the Venezuelan gov- orumont would refer the proposition tbe United States, and would pro bably desire to await the findings of the boundary commission. P dent Crespo and bis government take the ground that the United States acting as the attorney of Venezuela in this controversy, and will do nothing without President Cleveland’s advice. There ia a claueo in the constitu tion of Venezuela which forbids the cession of any territory, so that the government could not yield its title to any portion o f ' the. disputed until it had boen formally decided by competent authority thut it be longed to Great Britain. This fact is important in view of the position Senator Gray has taken in the dis cussion of the Monroe doctrine : lution in the senate. He bolds that tbe Monroo doctrine does not apply to amicable settlements, concerning boundary lines or any amicable agreements concerning the session occupation of territory betwi Venezuela and Great Britain or any other of tho American republics and the European powers. In other words, if Vonezuola or any other of neighbors in South America should consent willingly to cede all nny portion of its territory to Great Britain or Germany, Senator Gray argues that tho United States has no right to intervene. This would apply to Cuba also, in case Spaiu sold the island, to Germany or Great Britain. It i* well known that Bismarck on- mraged the Gortnau bankers to make the last Cuban loan some yean- ago with tho expectation that soouer later the Spanish government would be unable to pay the principal and interest. Then Germany would have an opportunity to foreclose up on the property and tako possession * the richest islaud in the West In dio*. The United States has never active iy intervened in any controversy be tween its neighbors, although it has served as arbitrator in nt^norous dis putes and has tendered ifo^good of fices on several occasions forthe ad justment of difficulties that seemed promise trouble. In 1867, during the administration of President John son. the Monroe doctrine was invoked to drive tho French out of Mexico, and both Grant and Shoridan were anxious to turn our army into Mexi- i assist tho republicans under Juarez against Maximillian. Gon. Sheridan was actually on the Rio Grande, panting for an opportunity to cross the. line, but Secretary Sew ard compelled him to relinquish that opportunity and convinced Louis Napoleon that he could not af ford to sustain a Mexican throne. But the principle thatshines through that entire chapter of diplomatic his tory is that the Unitod States recog nize the right of European nations to enforce their claims in this hemi sphere so long as they do not attempt to acquire territory by conquest or interfere with the sovereignty and in tegrity of an independent nation. WANT PROTECTION. Americans in the Transvaal Want - Uncle Sam's Aid. A dispatch to tho London Times from Pretoria dated Saturday, says: A meeting of American residents was held today and it was decided to' telegraph;to Secretary of State Olney that in view of the arrests of Ameri can citizens, and tbe fact that their property was jeopardized, he was re quested that a diplomatic agent might be sent to arrango matters with a view to any exigencies that might arise. At tbe same time it waa to be represented that Americans here, while preserving a friendly atti tude towards the Transvaal govern ment, desires their grievances to be redressed. Thoy had embarked con siderable capital, and bod devoted energy and talent to tbe develop ment of the country. Thoy had agi tated for the constitutionality of their rights, and through some had taken up arms, to show their deter mination, not a shot has been fired. They therefore urged that attention should be paid to their complainta. “They recognized the magnamity of the Transvaal government during the recent crisis, but they claimed that the rights of citizenship should be accorded to them.” WILL SNUB HR. OLNEY. The Loudon Globe publishes a sc are brtiole on the invitations of tho United States Venezuelan commission the government of Great Britain and Venezuela to submit to the com-, mission all of the evidence in their possession which is likely to further the work of the investigation, and also inviting these two governments bo represented boforo it by at torney without prejudice- to either’s claim, aud says: “Great Britain will never allow this monstrous commission to deter- i the territory of a British colony within its jurisdiction. No power could admit it, except at the close of a long and disastrous war. Were such a demand made by any other power, our only reply would be to hand its ambassador his passport and mobilize tho fleet. Will theio pernicious commissioners undertake to answer for tho offect upon tbeir own countrymen of forcing the pro to snub tbe Americau secretary of statel”- Fifteen hundred republicans of Il linois aro having a harmony mooting Springfield this week. John R. Tanner and A. J. Hopkins are active republican candidates for the nomi nation of govornor. .Forty-two can didates for lieutenant governor are in tne field, with a very large number aspiring for the other nominations. A CREAM OF TARTAR BAIINO POWDER lOHEST OP ALL W LBAVKN1NO STRIKOM Latest United States Government Food Report. ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO. 106 W a ll S t , N. Y.