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GREAT HAP OF THE SKY. Axtrouomy'a Must Wontlerfbl Triumph Is .Now Hearing ♦Success ful Completion. The groat map ot tho sky upon which nstrouoniers have beeu work ing for (ho last nine yours is ap proaching completion. It is uo in ternational affair; for no ono country could carry through such a gigantic look. The heavens have boon mapped out in sections, a soction being as signed to each of the principal ob servatories in the world; aud each of these eighteen observatories must furnish a map of its particular sec tion in 1500 parts. To do this 3000 photographs have boon taken at each observatory, making a grand total of 51,000 photographs. Tho United States is not represented in tho in ternational congress for tho con struction of this map. Prof. Picker ing, of Harvard) wished to under take a share of tho work, but it was finally decided that the great amount e required for tho allotted uiar piece of xUV. \V ben com-, plated the photographs will all bo for warded to the Paris observatory for tho prod notion of the map. Stellar photographs uro always used just as they come from tho camera, without auy retouching what ever. The number of stars shown is proportionate to tho length of ex posure of the sensitive plate.' At first it was intended to include stars of the fifteenth magnitude iu the lousureuieuts, but the trumeudous dditioual labor involved caused tho congress to fix the' limit nt the four teenth magnitude. Almost nothing is known of stars which nre such un enormous distance away, and no map or record has ever beforo been made of them. As matters stand ut pres- few millions of them might disappear without astronomers being any the wiser. This gigantic innp planned by the Paris observa tory in 1806, mid a^roposition made to all tho big observatories to assist in the Work. Siuce that date the principal observatories have been busy on tho big scheme, which will certaiuly bo the most wonderful thing modern astronomy has accoui pfished. HcSaysIt Is True. To the Editor: T he C olombian stated that certain alleged owners of the republican party of Flathead county had hinted republican officials that they had ABOUT THE FLATHEAD, c c A n s w e r s to Questions Now Be ing Asked by Homeseekers. The many inquiries which reach this office, and the residents of Flathead count). Montana, show that many persons in other parts of the Union desire accurate information regarding this region. The Columbian lias thought best to put the desired information SJuto a condensed form, so that instead of long letters a copy of the paper will answer all essential questions. This is no \boom” infor- ition, but plain answers^to questions that have been asked by who have writtgjrTo know about this section of country. tion would iutorforo with tliu general: belter doclaro themselves for tho work of thq Cambridge observatories goldbug ticket or resign. That stato- Tho Yorkos Observatory was uot, of course, ready at tho time, and the others did uot cure tp lay out tho money for the necessary instruments. The observatories Rhuring iu the work are those of Greenwich, Rome, Catano, Holsiugford. Potsdam, Ox ford, Paris, Bordeaux, Toulouse, Al geria, Sau Fernando, Tacubsya, S hu - | McKinley club scheme to tiago (Chili), La Plata. Rio de Janeiro, Cape of Good Hope, Sidney and Melbourne. The map will be in total area nearly two acres, but must uocessa- rily be divided up into a managoablo sire. For each hemisphere there will be 11,000 little maps, or 22,000 for tho whole sidereal uuiverso. Upou it will bo shown about 30,000,000 of stars. Of those 2,000,000 will be catalogued and numbered, so that any star up to the eleven .h magni tude can be located oa easily as au island iu the map of the world. Tho stars actually shown upon the map will be all those up to the fourteenth magnitude. A great number of the stars shown upou the map cannot bo seen by the naked eye, oven with the aid of the moBt powerful tele scope. The photographic plute, how ever, can dotect many millions of stars which no man has over soen The long exposure necessary order (o got photographs of stars be yond tho fourtoonlh magnitude dors the operation too difficult for the construction of a mop. Tho most sensitive plate known would ■ quire some days' exposure to ta,kr picture of a star of the eighteenth nineteenth iiingnitiiile, and after all (he phot oglu pits have beeii tnkei hardest purl of the work begins. The measurements and exact posi of each star hate to bo recorded, and to do this hundreds of astronomers have beeu working for.years. Special apparatus was purchased by each observatory for the' \All the instruments must be similar in size and construction, or the pho; togrspbs would not be alike. The international congress which held at the Paris observatory eight years ago decided that n telescope must be constructed for each obser vatory ongagod in tho work. These toloacopoe are all of 11 foot and 8 inches focal length, with au object glass 13 iuobcs in diameter. T# take a stellar photograph is not a very difficult task. The sitters do uot have to look pleasant, and tli automatic movement of'Uie lele'scojie .keeps the objective ulways opposite the stars to be photographod. delicate part- of the task consislsln the* ecu racy of measuring and plae- • ing of-tbe stare shown upon the pho tographic plate. Each negati< be transferred in duplicate on copper. obviate any chance of accident to plates, for if both were loet, the di age would bo almost irreparable. Some idea of tho mognitude c task undertaken may be gained from the fact that to reproduce the nnq from plates will cost over $2,000,IXK' Wheb to this i* added the cost of th>- idstrumonts, tho time of the cnlcul# 'tors and'measures, and tho ntii less etceteras which portain to a work of so gigantic a nature, the ultiinnt* cost will bo tremendous.' But tin map, whou completed, will bo of in estimable value to astronomers. Thi idea is to show just what aspect tin heavens presented at tho period rep resented. Any chuugos subsequent to this period will bent once dotected, , and valuablo information gained. Wo know that the stars aro constant ly changing their positions, but ex cept in tho caso of tho larger onos wo do.not know what thoso ebauges aro. The observatories participating iD this work will each bear tho cost of, and be responsible for, its own partic- ubsoliitely correct, tho Inter Luke to the contrary uotwithsluud: ing. The organization of a McKii ley club at Kalispell is tho plan of few republicans who are politically us dead as a mackerel iu this Dounty Knowing they can obtain nothing in this county they have evolved the ................... embarrass :ou>paratively large nunibor of which are so successfully treat ed by Compound Oxygen are what i known as abandoned ordesperate ics, uinny of them of a class which physician of any school would un dertake to cure. They are, in part, such as have run the gauntlet of exper iments within the regular schools of medicine, and of quackery without, until between disease aud drugs, the patient is reduced to the saddest and most, deplorable condition, and one fioin which relief seems impossible. -. ' M> treatment can be subjected to a severer trial thau is offered in theso cases. Tho marvel is that Doctors Starkey A I’al.-n can effect a cure in so mailv instances. If yon need tho help of such a treatment, write for information in regard to its nature and action, and it will be promptly ' free of charge—our boos of 200 such republic's as now retaiu the fideuce of citizens. There have beou numerous cmert hints as to the political future of republicans who ifuse to declare themselves for Me- 'inliy and misery, but that select llerio will bo unable one. Thoso republicans in Flathead county who havo asserted their man- * and, following the lead of Tel- lor, Hartman and other loyal friends of silver, have repudiated tho repub lican gold-standard platform, are to day more highly respected than the men who have placed party and pie above country and home. B ryan R epublican . Abandoned Gases to be used at home. Office treatment is administered hero. Consultation, cither personally by letter free. A competent .corps of physicians.iu attendance. Irs. STARKEY & PALES 1529 Arch St.; Philadelphia, Pa. ABSOLUTE SAFETY AT SMALL COST. R. W . M A I N & C O . I.O C A f lb .V O F FLA T H E A D CO UN T Y . This is the northwest county of Montana. It is bounded on the north by the Canadian line, on the west hv Idaho, on the south by the Flathead reservation and extends cast to the Blackfeet reserva tion. it is lyo miles across the county cast and w e sw n d 115 miles north and south. The area is 9.41 ^square miles. Tlic county is fotir years old. It contains 7.000 people. Had assessable property in I£95 to the amount of $3,500,000. It contains 190 miles of rail road, the Great Northern's Pacific coast line passing cast and west through tiic •county. The average altitude of JTathead valley is 2.800 feet above sea level. RESOURCES AN D CH A R A C T E R ISTICS. l'lie county is an admirable alternation of prairie land and timber, it may be called a park region. Flathead lake, 30x10 miles; Swan lake, 8x2 miles; McDonald lake, 16x3 miles; Whitclish lake, 10x2 miles, arc the chief lakes, but there arc dozens of pretty water bodies in various parts ot the county. Nearly every township iias a pretty lake. The Flathead river is joined at Columbia Falls by the South Fork and the North Fork rivers, and nehr Kalispell the Whitclish and Stillwater creeks add to the Flathead. The Middle Flathead and rhe Two Forks rise in the mountains beyond the confines of the county. The Swan river and the Flathead river enter Flathead lake two miles apart. Along all these streams are timlier abundant for rhe demands for many generations to conic. Farming is tiic-diiel industry. But little open or prairie land is not occupied and claimed. Timber ranches along the bases of the hills that skirt the various valleys of the county are still accessible to entry, but to the poorfman they offer no immediate returns. Good iarife(i6o acres) call lie purchased at from $1,200 to $5,000, depending on location and improvements. The yield of grains oi all kinds in Flathead valley is especially satisfactory. Wheat, 20 to 40 bushels; oats, 45 to 90 bushels. Vegetables thrive exception ally well. Small fruits grow to perfection, and the orchards bear out the assertion that this is a general fruit region. Irrigation is not necessary. Coni is not a crop of this section. Barley, rye, flax, ]icas, and nearly everything in the vegetable and cereal lines are grown here with a greater average yeild than in the Mississippi or Missouri valleys. Timothy is a profitable crop always; wild or up land hay lias a standard market value. The success of farming de pends here, as elsewhere, upon the farmer. Nature is bountiful with advantages. Flathead county contains minerals in abundance. On every side of Flathead valley are mountains which contain gold, silver, copper and lead. In the western part of the county— known as the Montana Kootenai—smiling has iiecomc an established in dustry. Libby and Trdv are tlrtf centers of two rich mining dis tricts. Coal exists in abundance, the deposits on the North Fork of Flathead river licing considered the largest in the United States. All streams in the couuty wind through timlier lands to a greater or less degree. The pronounced timber area is 60 by 100 miles in dimensions. The. timber is white pine, yellow pine, tamarack, fir, cedar, spruce, birch and cottonwood. I-ogs at the mill are worth $3 per 1,000 feet; stumpage is 50c to $1 per 1,000 feet: manufactured lumber, rough, is $8 to $10: dressed, $10 to $12; flooring, ceiling and siding, $18 to $23; clear finishing, $20 to $30; lath, $3; cedar shingles, $2 to $3; b r ick ,^ to So;,lime. 50c per bushel; sand, 75c to $1.25 per load; nails, 5c lia'se*rate^ M ISCELLAN E OU S INFORM A T ION. Land may be taken under the homestead laws, and timber and stone land act. Mineral, coal and oil lands may be acquired here. The U. S. Revised Statutes give full information on these matters. The climate oi Flathead county is without extremes of heat or cold. In winter there arc probably a dozen days when the temper ature is as low as zero, but rarely is it that cold during an entire day. The \cold spells\ randy exceed 10 degrees below, and last usually less than 48 hours! \The temperature of the past winter av eraged 25 or upwards. Flathead county has 25 well organized school districts, with good school houses and competent teachers. Churches of all prom inent denominations exfst here. The educational facilities are ex celled by a very few counties in the Union. As a field tor sportsmen there is no place on the Pacific coast supe rior to Flathead valley. A score of lakes and the streams are well filled with trout. The mountains, plains and hillsides offer attrac tions to the hunter in the way of deer, pheasant, chicken and grouse. . Bear are found in the mountains and elk, mountain sheep, mountain goat arc found by good hunters. Saddle horses sen here for from $15 to $30; work horses $40 to $100. Good milch cows arc always worth $36 to $40. Hogs 3c. to 4c live weight. Cattle $2.50 to $4'per cwt. live weight. Butter 15c in summer to 30c in winter. Eggs i2c,to 25c. It is not necessary to bring old furniture and hobse furnishings, as they may be procured of merchants here at reasonable prices. Living costs here about 20 per cent, more than in the Middle States Board $4 to $7 per week. Houses rent front $5 to $25, according • to size and location. Flour retails at $2.25 to $3 per cwt.; potatoes ■ 56c to $1 per cwt.; cabbage $1 to $2 per cwt.; beans 4c to 6c per lb. Beef retails at 15c for choice cuts to 6c per lb. in quarters. Cord- wood $2.50 per cord delivered. . . . There is no demand now or an early prospect fbf laboring! nich I- or. mechanics: There is 'a field for wood working establishments, ; starch factories} flaiH/nicufc experiawetf prospectors iutd for good ' fanners who cab start out of debt. Teachers, lawyers and. other , professions are well represented. Nearly every line of merchan dising,is represented, but Kvupicn can always find a place. Tlte rate on car-load of household effects from St. Paul to any station in Flathead/valley is $90: less than car-loads, $1.10 per ! cwt. Round-trip passenger rates to homeseekers, good 60 days, ; with stop-over, $60. For further information .address any advertiser in this paper. W e have a large stock of MASON’S FRUIT JARS ALL SIZES. J e l l y Grlasses WITH COVERS. A j a x B icy c les. $100, $75, $60, $55, $50. Juveniles, $45. With MORGAN & WRIGHT QUICK REPAIR TIRES. Punctures Repaired in Five Minutes without Removing Tire. F t . \W. HVE-A-IHNT <Sc CO., COLUMBIA. FALLS. M O NTANA. ESTABLISHED 1877. CAPITAL, $500,000. proprietors or the MINNEAPOLIS SHEEPSKIN TANNERY. jas . mcmillan h o . M A I N HOUSE, 200 to 212 FIRST AVE. NORTH, MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. VIOTORIA, B. C., - - - 55 Whirl St. WINNIPEC, MAN., - 23* Kli( St. CHICAGO, ILL., EDMONTON, N.W.T.. I«|»r An* Op. lapirU Buk. DEALERS MO EXPORTERS C . 8. Hides, Dry Hides, Pelts, Furs, Wool, TALLOW, CIN8ENC A. 8ENECA ROOT. . J The Columbian. in That describes the Groat Northern E xpress M oney O rder . You do not have any red tape to go through, hut you pay your money-and get an or der good for its face anywhere in the U. S. or Canada. European orders nt lowest rates. Two money order offices in Columbia Falls. One at the depot and the one down town at Tho Columbian office. The heal investment— Flathead Valley. Tim b e r lands in fortv acre tracts, 0 a covered with finest % ® Tim b er, at ten dollars per acre, with from T w e lve to Fifteen thousand feet of saw-logs on every acre The cleared timber; lauds have the blackest, T h e richest and most productive soil; these, lands are near The railroad, and contain Pine, Fir, Birch, Tamarack, Spruce and Cedar trees, in large quantities. W rite to C. S. G A R R E T T , Reference; Columbia Falls, Montana. • W ji . R katj , Cashier, Bank of Columbia Falls. REFERENCES I SECURITY BANK OF MINNESOTA. FIRST NATIONAL BANK, PEOPLE'S SANK, MERCHANTS' NATION f permission : SHIPMENTS SOLICITED. Liberal Advances Mule oa Shipments against Original Bill ef Ladii Many persons having failed to get the Cincinnati Weekly Enquirer at the special clubbing rate, we have succeed ed in getting the arrangement contin ued till Nov. 1st. The Columbian and the Enquirer both one year for $1.75. Regular Columbian subscribers may h c>\ra t h o P n m i i r o r f n r S O f ! .