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IIHi TIME IX CHICAGO. The tVorklngmi-u Will Greet the - Next PraMeut. Active preparations are being made for a reception to William J. Bryan, the democratic candidate for president, on the occasion of his visit to Chicago on August 9 th. Local silver democrats will meet Saturday or Sunday to prepare for the recep tion. A committee of twenty-five composed of representative demo crats and populists and from the trade aud labor assemblies will be named to go out and meet Candi date Bryan's train and act as an es cort to the city. Arrangements for the reception had been held in abey ance pending a reply from the candi date, to whom Robert E. Burko, sec retary of the Cook county central committee, sout a letter a few days ago, askiqg if the proposer! reception would be agreeable. Mr. Bryan’s re ply came Friday thanking Secretary Burke for the invitation and accept ing. Only informal speeches will be made. There will be no formal open ing of the campaign, as Governor Altgeld has advised that it be post poned until after the Cook county convention is held, about August 18 . THE EXCHANGE SYNDICATE. Bankers of New York Have Gone In to a Pool. A representative of the Associated Press was informed by an influential member of the syndicate of foreign bankers formed to control the ex change market that the signatures would be attached to the contract. In addition to the exchange houses a number of outside business interests will be added, including several in fluential corporations. Mr. J. P. Morgan said in reply to the report from London suggesting an advance in the premium on gold at New York to 1 per cent that it would start imports of gold eagles from London; that the imports of gold were not needed here at this time and that the inflow of foreign gold would greatly complicate exist ing difficulties. It transpires that the machinery for controlling the ex change market during the next ninety days includes a syndicate which guarantees foreign bankers against loss in their operations. This syndicate will take all profits which may accrue. For their part the ex- change bankers agree to forego any profit in the time specified. The guarantee syndicate includos a largo number of capitalists, corporations and financial institutions. Deposits of gold at the sub-treas ury by bankers of New York and other cities in exchange for legal tenders, with a view to a mainte nance of the treasury gold reserve are made under supplementary arrange- Put It in Hot Water. Few people have escaped jammed fingers, and as the pain caused when the finger is jammed iu a door is ex cruciating iu the extreme for the first few minutes it is well to know some means of relief. The finger should be plunged into hot water as hot as can possibly be borne. This application ol hot water causes the nail to expand and soften, aud the blood pouring out beneath it has more room to flow; thus tho pain is lessened. The finger should theu be wrapped in a bread and water poul tice. A jammed finger should never be neglected, as it mav lead to morti fication of the bone if it has badly crushed, and amputation of the finger must follow. Making Paper Matches. Paper matches are the latest. Tho tim e-honored scheme of rolling up piece of paper and utilizing it for lighter has been utilized by an ii renter in the manufacture of matches and promises to revolutionize Euro- pdou matdiumkiug. It is particular ly timely because the wood for this purpose is constantly growing more scarce aud costly. The nrw matches are cheaper than those made of wood and weigh much less, quite au item in exportation. The paper used is strong and porous, and when immersed in the solution of wax, steorine aud similar sub stances burns with a bright, smoko- loss aud odorless flame. Strips of half an inch in width are first dm through a combustible bath and i then turned by • machinery into long thin tubes. They are then cut to match length and the heads dipped into phosphorous wax and dried. COLUMBIA FALLS. Columbia Falla is tbo most import ant lumbering point in Northwestern Montana. It is the chief grain ship ping point on the Groat Northern Ry. bet wen Grand Forks and Spokane. Situated at tho junction of the three great logging streams it'has practical advantages over any point in Mon tana in Lumbering industry. Tribu tary to the town'along all three rivers is an abundance of timber including Pine, Fir, Tamarack, Spruce, Birch and Cedar. With water power that can be easily developed Columbia Falls offers iwspecial attractions to factories, especially those working in wood, such as Wooden Ware, Furni ture, etc. The advantages found hero for such enterprises are not sur passed on the Pacific slope. Just north of the city-are the great coal measures of the North Fork, pronounced by experts to be the larg est coal deposit on the Pacific slope. It is similar to Rock Springs coal^b quality, aDd is tho only smelting coal now known on tho Pacific slope, and will always be in demand. Columbia Falls is in thegrAt Flat- head valley, the richest of the rich valloys of the intermountain region. The crops of 1891 averaged approxi mately: Oats 60 bu. per acre, wheat 90 bu., Potatoee 300 bu. There aro number of farmers who have raised ) to 100 bushels of oats per Irrigation is not needed. Mhe crops fouud a ready sale. To that class of people desiring reside in the temperate climate of the Pacific slope this locality odors > vailed advantages. At an altitude of feet, situated on a well drained bench, Colombia Falls has the well reputation ot being the healthiest town in healthful Montana. During tho winter just passed the thermome ter reached the zero point on five oc as. On no entire day was 0 mark reached. Stock wintored the ranges without care. Columbia Falls has a haudsome bridge across the Flathead riv $10,000 brick school house, a flouring mill of 160 barrels daily capacity, wa ter works, and good railroad facilities ,An linent English physicia that tho cold bath has claimed more viotims than alcohol. Atfcr Him With a Lantern. Tho other evening Toddletuins called his papa to tell him that ho couldu’t get to sleep for the mosqui tos. “Never mind' Toddle; jost put your head undor the clothes, where tfiSJ cau’t get at you.” Toddletums did so, but in a little while be peered from under the cloth ing. A fire fly happening along at the momont, set him to yelling, ‘‘It’s no use, pnpa. I hid under the clothes, sod now they'.ve gone off and got lanterns to find me wjth.” Abandoned Gases A comparatively largo number of isos which are so successfully treat ed by Coni]Xiun'( Oxygen are what knowu as abandoned ordesperate 38 , many of them of a class which no physician of any school would un dertake to cure. They are, iu part, such as have run the gauntlet of exper iments within the regular schools of medicine, aDd of quackery without, uutil between disease and drugs, the patient is reduced to the saddest and No treatment can be subjected to a severer trial thsn is offerea in these cases. The marvel is that Doctors Starkey & Palen can effect a cure iu so many instances. If yon need the help of such a treatment, write for formation in regard to its nature _jd action, and it will be pron ” sent free of charge—our book ol P Home treatment is sent by express lie usi-d at home. Office treatment is administered hero. Consultation, either peraonally - by letter free. A competent corpe of physicians in attendance. Du.STARKEY & PALED. 1529 Arch St., Philadelphia, Pa. W ebster’s i International i Didiionary i le in Offloe. School, mad Home! Ssin THE BEST FOR EVERYBODY ausssaat^saKsssiasr It la mar to traca the rrawth ol a word. assaw s ttstfs aasssass: ABOUT THE FLATHEAD. ► ee Answers to Questions Now Be ing'Asked by Homeseekers. Tlic many inquiries which reach.this office, and the residents of Flathead county, Montana, show that many (Arsons in other parts of the Union desire accurate information regarding this region. The Columbian has thought best to put the dekired information into a condensed form, so that instead of long letter^ a copy of the paper will answer all essential questions. This is no ‘‘boom” infor mation, but plain answers to questions that have l)een asked by persons who have written to know al>out this section of country. LO C A T ION O F FLA T H E A D COUNTY. This is the northwest county of Montana. It is bounded on the north by the Canadian line, on the west hv Idaho, on the south by the Flathead reservation and extends cast to the lllackfeet reserva tion. It is. 190 miles across the county cast and west, and 115 miles north and south. The area is 9,418 square miles. The county is lour years old. It contains 7,000 people. Had assessable property in 1895 to the amount of $3,500,000. It-contains 190 miles of rail road, the Great Northern's Pacific coast line passing cast and west through the county. The average altitude of Flathead valley is 2,800 feet above sea level. RESCIURCES AN D CH A R A C T E R ISTICS. 'lltc county is an admirable alternation of prairie land and timber. It may be called a park region. Flathead lake, 30x10 miles; Swan lake, 8x2 miles; McDonald lake, 16x3 miles; Whitcfish lake, 10x2 miles, arc the chief lakes, but there arc dozens of pretty water bodies in Various parts of the county. Nearly every township has a pretty- lake. The Flathead river is joined at Columbia Falls by the South Fork and the North Fdrk rivers, and near Kalispcll the Whitefish and Stillwater creeks add to the Flathead. The Middle Flathead and the Two Forks rise in the mountains beyond the confines of the county. The Swan river and the Flathead river enter Flathead lake two miles aparL Along all these streams are timber abundant for the demands for many generations to. come. Farming is the chief industry. But little open or prairie land is not occupied and claimed. Timber ranches along the bases of the hills that skirt the various valleys of the county arc still accessible to entry, but to the poor man they offer no immediate returns. Good farms (160 acres) can lie purchased at from $1,200 to $5,dfe, depending on location and improvements. The yield of grains ol all kinds in Flathead valley--is especially satisfactory. Wheat, 20 to 40 bushels; oats, 45 to 90 bushels. Vegetables thrive exception ally well. Small fruits grow to perfection, and the orchards bear out the assertion that this is a general fruit region. Irrigation is not necessary’- Com is not a crop of this section. Barley, rye, llax, peas, and nearly everything in the vegetable and cereal lines are grown here with a greater average yeild than in the Mississippi or Missouri valleys. Timothy is a profitable crop always; wild or up land hay has a standard market value. The success of farming de pends here, as elsewhere, upon the farmer. Nature is bountiful with advantages. Flathead county contains minerals in abundance. On every side of Flathead valley arc mountains which contain gold, silver, copper and lead. In the western part of the county— known as the Montana Kootenai— mining has become an established in dustry. Libby and Troy are the centers of two rich mining dis tricts. Coal exists in abundance, the deposits on the North Fork of Hathead river being considered the largest in the United States. All streams in the county wind through timlier lands to a greater or less degree. The pronounced timber area is 60 by 100 miles in dimensions. The timber is white pine, yellow pine, tamarack, fir, cedar, spruce, birch and cottonwood. Logs at the mill are worth $3 per 1,000 feet: stumpage is 50c to $1 per 1,000 feet; manufactured lumber, rough, is $8 to $10; dressed, $10 to $12; flooring, ceiling and siding, $18 to $25; clear finishing, $20 to $30; lath, $3; cedar shingles, $2 to $3; brick, $7 to $9; lime, 50c per bushel; sand, 75c to $1.25 per load; nails. 5c base rate. M ISCELLAN E OU S INFORM A T ION. Land may be taken under the homestead laws, and timber and stone land act. Mineral, coal and oil lands may be acquired liere. The U. S. Revised Statutes give full information on these matters. The climate of Flathead county is without extremes of heat or cold. In winter there are probably a dozen days when the temper as- low as zero, but rarely is it that cold during an entire day. The “cold spells\ rarely exceed 10 degrees below, and last usually less tlian 48 hours. The temperature of the past winter a ‘ 25 or upwards. Flathead county lias 25 well organized school districts, with good school houses and competent teachers. Churches of all prom inent denominations exist here. The educational facilities are ex celled by a very few counties in the Union. As a field for sportsmen there is no place on the Pacific coast supe rior to Flathead valley. A score of lakes and the streams are well filled with trout The mountains, plains and hillsides offer attrac tions to the hunter in the way of deer, pheasant, chicken and grouse. Bear are found in the mountains and elk, mountain sheep, mountain goat are found by good hunters. Saddle horses sell here for from $15 to $30; work horses $40 to $100. Good milch cows are always worth $30 to $40. Hogs 3c to 4c live weight. \Cattle $2.50 to $4 per cwt. live weight. Butter 15c in summer to 30c in winter. Eggs 12c to 25c. , It is not necessary to bring old furniture and house furnishings, as they may be procured of merchants here at reasonable prices. Living costs here about 20 per cent, more than in the Middle States Board $4 to $7 per week. Houses rent from $5 to $25, according to size and location. Flour retails at $2.25 to $3 per c w t ; potatoes S ic to $1 per cwt.; cabbage $1 to $2 per cwL; beans 4c to 6c per lb. eef retails at 15c for ciioicc cuts to 6c per lb. in quarters. Cord- wood $2.50 per cord delivered. There is no demand now or an early prospect for lalioring men or mechanics. There is a field for wood working establishments, Starch factories, mill men. experienced prospectors and for good fanners who can start out of debt. Teachers, lawyers and other professions are well represented. Nearly every line of merchan dising is represented, but live men can always find a place. The rate on car-load of household effects from St. Paul to any station in Flathead valley is $90; less than car-loads, $1.10 per cwt Round-trip passenger rates to homeseekers. good 60 days, with stop-over, $60. For further information address any advertiser in this paper. R . W . M A I N & C We have a lafge stock of MASON’S FRUIT JARS ALL SIZES. .Jelly G lasses W ITH COVERS. A j a x B i c y c le s . $100, $75, $60, $55, $50. Juveniles, $45. With MORGAN & WRIGHT QUICK REPAIR TIRES, Punctures Repaired in Five Minutes without Removing Tire. zr ._ - w . nvc^-inxT &. c o , COLUMBIA- F A L L S, M O N T A N A ESTABLISHED 877. INCORPORATED JUNE 16th, 1893. CAPITAL, $000,000. ppopnietohs o jas . MM c illan & c ( M A I N H O U S E , 200 to 212 FIRST AVE. NORTH, | MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. MINNEAPOLIS SHEEPSKIN TANNERY. BRANCHES; HELENA, MONT., - C m I u ud B mmm Sti. VICTORIA, B. C., - - - 55 Whirl St. WINNIPEC, MAN., 234 Ktaj St. CHICACO, ILL., EDMONTON, N.W.T.. Jiipir Aw, Op. Inpiriil Bnh. REFERENCES BY PERMISSION: C . 8. Hides, Dry Hides, Pelts, Furs, Wool, t MINNESOTA, J SUBSCRIBE The <folturnbian.eWS The beet investment—Flathead Valley. Timber lands in forty acre tracts, covered with finest Timber, at ten dollars per acre, with from Twelve to Fifteen thousand feet of saw-logs on every acre The cleared timber lands have the blackest, The richest and most productive soil; these lands are near The railroad, and contain Pine, Fir, Birch, Tamarack, Spruce and Cedar trees, in large quantities. Write to C. S. GARRETT, Reference: Columbia Falls, Montana. \Y m . R e a d , C a s h ier, Bank of Colum b ia Falls. MINNEAPOLIS, MINNEAPOLIS, MINNEAPOLIS. A NATIONAL BANK, 1 Liberal Advances Made on Shipments against Original Bill of Ladin SHIPMENTS SOLICITED. UNITE FOR CIRCULAR ManySaersons having failed to get the Cincinnati Weekly Enquirer at the special clubbing rate, w e have succeed ed in getting the arrangement contin ued till Nov. 1 st. The Columbian and the Enquirer both^one year for $1.75. Regular Columbian subscribers may have the Enquirer for 30c.