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Columbian. — v o l , ii . n o . a C O L U M B IA F A L L S , M O N T A N A . JA N U A R Y 28, 1905. ST.PETERBURG REVOLUTION ARMED GUARDS SHOT PEOPLE . DOWN LIKE DOGS. Wild Scenes Around the Palace—Thousands of Workmen and Families Try To Hold a Meeting Sunday—Wanted Czar to Come and Hear. 8L Petersburg, Jan. 22^—Thla has been a day of unspeakable horror In 8L Petersburg. The strikers of yesterday, goaded to desperation by a day of violence, fury and bloodshed, are In a state of open Insurrection against the government. A condition almost bordering on civil war exists In the yrror stricken Russian capital. The city Is under martial law, with Prince Vasil- chlkoff as commander of over 6000 of the emperor’s crqck guards. Troops are blvoucklng the streets tonight and at various places on the Nevsky pros pect, the main thoroughfare of the city. On the Island of Vasllfostrow and In the out sections Infuriated men have thrown up barricades, which they are holdipg. The empress dowager has hastily sought safety at the Tsarskoe-Selo, where Emperor Nicholaa II. Is living. Minister of the Interior 8vlatopolk-Mlrsky presented to his majesty last night the Invitation of the workmen to appear at the winter palace this af- i ternoon and receive the petition, but the emperor's advisers had already reached a decision to show a firm and resolute front, and the emperor’s an swer to the 100,000 workmen trying to make thelr'way to the palace square today was a solid array of troops, who met them with rifle, bayonet and saber. The priest, Qopon, the leader and Idol of the men, In his golden vest ments, holding aloft the cross and marching at ths head of thousands or workmen* through the Narva gate, miraculously escaped a volley which laid low half a hundred persons. Although the troops had been wounding and killing strike.s In their at tempts to disperse them, few onlookers expected the horrible butchery which was destined this morning to stain the corner of the Admiralty gar dens with human blood. The crowd there persisted In refusing to move on, clamoring for ths emperor and continually hurling abuse at the troops, but attempted no violence. Two companies of the Proebranjensky guards, of whlolf Emperor Nicholas himself was formerly commander,,formed and marched at double quick toward the fatal corner. Events followed with awful swiftness. The commanding officer shouted, “Disperse, disperse, dis perse!\ three times. Many turned to flee, but too late. A bugle sounded and the men In the front ranks sank to their knees and both companies fired three volleys, the first two wlfh blank cartridges and the last with ball. A hundred corpses strewed the sidewalk. Many women were pierced through the back as they were trying to escape. The Asso ciated Press correspondent, standing behind the troops, saw mangled corpses of persons of all ages and both sexes strewn on the ground. One boy of 13 had his skull pierced and rent by bullets. Great splashes and streams of blood stained the snow. Only a few of the victims remained alive, for the fatal volley was fired at a ’distance of not more than 20 paces, and so the ambulances had little work to do. The police recruited a large number of droskles (sleighs) to car ry off the dead. Heartrending scenes were witnessed as wives, husbands and mothers came up to claim their dead ones and were carried off with them In the sleighs. The blood which crimsoned the snow has fired the brains and passions of the strikers, and turned women, as well as men, Into wild beasts, and the cry of the Infuriated populace is for vengeance. The sympathy of the mid dle classes is with the workmen. General Stoessel Not a Hero The London Times’ correspnodent at Pekin, who has returned from a visit at Port Arthur, describes the impres sions he gathered there and says: ‘Without seeing them, nobody oould form any idea of the stupendous strength of the forts or the inoredible heroism displayed in the their capture. No foreign officer is able to explain the reason for the surrender of Port Ar thur. Those who have seen the oondi- of the fortress believe that no i disoreti table surrender is recorded in history. There were 26.000 able bodied men capable of making a sortie, hundreds of offloers, all well nourish- and plenty of ammunition, the largest magazine being untouohed and full to the roof wtih all kinds of am- iltion for naval guns. There was further, aple food for three months, even if no fresh supplies could be re ceived, and, beside, the waters are teeming with fish. There was an abundance of wine, and medical oom- forts, and large quantities of fuel of all kinds. The stzoiee that the Red i buildings were wrecked by the Japanese - are admitted by reputable residents to have beon pure Jabrica- i to excite sympathy. All aooounts agree in condemning the majority of the officers, who feared the failure of comforts more than of ammunition, and agree that no man ever held a responsible command who leas deserved the title of hero than General Stoee- Andrew White on Situation in Russia Ithaoa, N. Y., Jan. 26.—Andrew D. White, former ambassador to Russia, and one ot the beet informed Ameri cans on Russian affairs, gives the fol lowing statement in regard to the sit uation in St. Petersburg: ’The main difficulty in the whole e is that the emperor is supposed to do all the thinking for 140,000,000 people, scattered over the largest terri- tiory possessed by any government in the world, with all sorts of different races, religions and ideas, and this one man can not do, and least of all in a time like this.- “Tbe simple fact is that the evils of the old system have now beoorne abso lutely intolerable. -And when you add to that faot the sending off of immense numbers of the best young men in the country to an utterbly useless and wicked war, and the pressure of taxa tion which grinds the people to the dust, you have a situation which none bfut the very strongest rulers in all human history oan cope with. The ozar has no strength of character, no proper education, and is hopelessly un- “■ o grapple with tho situation. No doubt the worst of the features of the situation have been kept from him.” Into the last hours of Sunday and the first of Monday were crowded some of the momentous and frightful events which will ever be recorded In the pages of Russia's history. Within one hour from the time this dispatch Is written Is to begin, according to the strike' leaders, the great struggle for freedom. This Is the program of the strikers as outlined and decided upon at the meetings held late Sunday n ight Riot has given way to revolution. The labor troubles which gave rise to' the awful Outbreak are forgotten. The mobs are led by political agitators. “Down with the monarchy!” Is the slo gan of the hour and the red flag files over every body of rebels. S t Petersburg today is in the throes of a revolution which Is spreading with every minute. There are those In of ficialdom who believe that the throne Is In danger. The horrors of Sunday evening were exceeded by far by those of the night and early morning. Father Sergius Reported Dead. Among the dead Is Father Sergius, a much belovod priest of the Greek or thodox church, who has been much among the strikers and exposed him self to many dangers in his attempt to prevent bloodshed. His death gave rise to the first report that Father Gopon had \been killed. Royalty Retreated. Every officer wearing the uniform ot the emperor, who was found alone was mobbed. A general was killed on the Nicholas bridge and a dozen officers were seized, stripped of their equaleta and deprived of their swords. New York Papers’ Estimate of Killed. New York, Jan. 23.—The morning papers print appalling estimates of the total number of dead and wounded in the St. Petersburg butchery of 8unday. The Journal special says 2000 were killed and 6000 wounded. Twenty-two hundred dead and 3600 wounded are estimates of the World. In the Sun are printed estimates of 2100 dead and 3900 wounded. Severe Storms In New York New York, Jan. 26.—Not since the blizzard of 1888, by which all storms are estimaled as great or small, has New York been so completely si bound as i t is tonight. The icty itself is lying under a foot of snow, whioh in many places has been banked by the wind ot a height of several feet. Sur face travel early in the day was aban doned, overhead transit was irregular and slow, and it remained for the un derground orads to oarry home, so far as they could reaoh within the oity limits, the hundreds of thousands^ of workers from the downtown districts. The entire coats line from the Dela ware capes north has been in the grasp of a storm whioh, because of the heavy fall of snow, the intensity of cold and foroe of the gale, has exceeded in sev erity anything experienced in years. From Maryland throughout the mid dle states and tho middle Atlantio states all reports indioate a most < plete is enow and a remarkably low BRYAN VI8IT8 ROOSEVELT. Washington.—W.J. Bryan called on President Roosevelt a t the White House Saturday. He was cordially greeted by, Mr. Roosevelt, as well as by a number of republican senators and representatives who happened to be in the executive offloe a t the time of his v isit Mr. Bryan was ushered into the cab inet room whioh was filled with g»o- ple. The president was engaged in an adjoining zoom with Senator Proo- tor,;but as soon as he learned that the noted democrat was in the oabinet room, went to him and grasped his hand oordially. N “Come in here,” said the president, who piloted Mr. Bryan into his private room, where, joined by former Senator Jones of Arkansas, they remained for over 10 minutes. At the oonoluaion of the interview, M^. Bryan said to newspaper men that his talk with the president had been cordial and satisfactory, and that they had discussed several matters. “It was a pleasure to oommend his attention on some th iig i,” said Mr. Bryan. “Not on all things,” then?” he wa* asked. “ No, of oourse n ot,” said Mr. Bryan. “ I believe in speaking well of any polioy that is good regardless of what party is supporting it. ’ Kills Four Railroad Men. Mlddlesboro, Ky.. Jan. 26.—A head- on collision between two freight trains on the Louisville & Nashville railroad at 8hawnoe, Tenn., resulted In tue death of four railroad men and the probable fatal injury of two others. Everywhere^railroad traffio is delay ed; repota.of disasters to shipping are coming in, and with the rapily falling thermometer much suffering must sue. So severe was the storm in oity that even quring the day hours severa1 persons were frozen to qeath died from exhaustion. Jewels Gone; Bellboy In Jail. Pasadena, Cal., Jan. 24.—Diamonds and other Jewelry, to the total value of 135,000, belonging to Mrs. William Edey, wife of a prominent member ot the New York board of trade, have been stolen from a room In the Hotel Maryland in this city. James Doyle, the head bellboy of the hotel, has been arrested on suaplslon of having taken the Jewelry, and is undergoing a thor ough investigation at the hands of the Offers Terms to Russian Strikers 8 t Petersburg, Jan.'96. — Govenror eneral Trepoff and Minister of Fin ance Kokovseff have issued a proclama filch reveals the government's plan for breaking the strike, not only but througout Russia. The proc lamation is oonoeived in a fraternal tone and points out that honest work men, who want to better their condi tion, should have brought their de- manils to to the government instead of being misled by agitatois in to affiliat ing with a movement whioh is confin ed to eocnomio aspirations. It invites them to return to work, promising thejn in the emperor's name a revision of the gonoral laws so as to restroit the hours of labor, the lnstutltion of a plan for state insurance and otherwise to meet their demands so far as the law will permit, and guarantees them pro tection afga- nst interference by agita- TS. This document will be followed either by an imperial manifesto along tho same lines, in the hope of prevent ing the spread of the strike or by speci fic proclamations by the looal author ities wherever strikes are in progress. By prnomising to yield the question of the hoars oi labor, which'are now legal ly 11 in Russia, the authorities believe they will meet the main grievaqge of the woYkmen., This together with the guarantee of protection, to political de mands, and wihoh class they declare constitutes a great bulk of tho men, to Hume work. It is certain many strikers were foro- 1 out against their ishee, but the gen eral elToct of the proclamation is still problematicaL Though the strike has been sperading to interior towns, the situation tonight, while disquieting ,'is not acute any where. The great demonstration with an accompaniment of bloodshed,whioh was anticipated a t Moscow yesterday did not occur, and the strike in the ancient oapital has not «pread rapidly, only about 20,000 workmen being out, according to the latest reports. Cos sacks charged and dispersed a crowdof 6000 workmen, and reports were circu lated in St. Petersburg that many were killed, but advices direct from Mos- Inight deny this, the best in being that only a few blank volleys were fired. The Moeoow mili tary have received prders to aviod a re petition of Sunday’s tragedy here and not use ball cartridges unless they tire driven to do so by th*3irest necessity. In several Baltic province towns there hsa been considerable disorder, especially in Regs, where the mili tary are in complete possession. In the streets of Hols in go rs there was last evening a resumption of Tuesday night’s rioting with bloodshed. If a general movement breaks out among the Finns i t is likely to take the form of an armed uprising, as almost every Finn has a weapon in his house. Sir Charles Hardinge. the Briitsh minister,reoeived from Captain Grove, the British oonsul at Mosoow,.confir mation of the Associated Press dispatch from Moscow announcing the public posting of a London telegram imputing the disorders to British and Japanese influences, and be will ask explana tions from Foreign Minister Lamsdorff. It is not expected, however, that the affair will lead to a seroius diplomatic incident, and it is thought the Russian government will disavow responsibility for the oourse of Aoting Chief of Po- lioe Roudeneff. The dispatoh to Am- bassardoe Hardinge mskea no mention of Roudeneff’s offer to meet Captain Grove. Fired at 3000 Workmen “Moscow, Jan. 25.—Cossacks this af ternoon fired upon 3000 demonstrators in the Pianitkya district. Many per- sojis. were wounded. The men in the railroad ahops and other establishments at Soratoff have gone out on strike. All the Moscow printing offices are dosed. The stril&is spreading. Ad ditional police have been stationed in ali^the streets. No too has been posted at all the Works in 8L Petersburg giving the strikers 24 hours to return to their ploy men t and saying those who. do nol- cbtnply would be deported to villges. it is reported that Gorkin,the author ahd reform leader had been arrested at Riga, whither hehad been summoned byj the illness of his wife. It is expect ed that a message from Emperor Nich olas will be delivered Thursday to the Workmen through the minster of fln- anoo. CULLED FROM DISPATCHES OF THE A880CIATED PRE88. No 8trlke. :Philadelphia, Jan. 24.—It is now re garded as certain that there will be no strike of trainmen of the Pennsyl vania railroad. A Review of Happenings In Both Eastern and Western Hemispheres During the Past Week—National, Historical, Political and Personal Events Tersely Told. The New Dim, Minn., Jui 7 in the isse of Dr. G. H. Koch, charged with the murder of Dr. L. A. Gebhardt, on November 1, disagreed. Delegate Randall of Wyoming, who oharged President Mitchell with hav ing sold ont tho Colorado miners, has been expelled from the United Mine- workers’ union. It has been proposed to dam Port Arthur harbor at the entrance and pump out the water preparatory to salving the Russian warships. Hay and Minister G np of Sweden and Norway have signed an arbitration treaty between this country and Nor way and Sweden. It la patterned after the Frenoh treaty now before the sen- ie. John Kenneth Mackenzie, a mining engineer, and Dr. Robert C. Coy, dentist , both of Chicago, were killed reoently bv Indians,66 miles from Her« mosillo, Sonora, Msxioo, according to port. R. L. Borden, leader of the Canad ian conservative party, who waa de feated in the general election last Nov ember, has been provided with a seat in parliament by the resignation of Edward Kidd, M. P., of Carleton, OnL General Stoessel and the large num ber of paroled offloera have left Shang hai for MarseiUea. George Gerber, a Laramie, Wyo., merchant, waa found dead In his store with his aknll crushed and hia throat cu t Robbery was the motive. Charles Cnaffln, son of s well known iment contractor, oommitted anioide t Redlands, Calif., by taking atryoh- ine, while despondent over a love affair. Diplomatic negotiations have been ■oken off between Minister Bowen at Caracas and President Castro by the departure of Senor Castro from the capitaL Mr. Bowen notified f department that ho had rejected Cas tro’s proposition to refer the asphalt dispute to s oourt of arbitration, whereupon Castro left Caracas. The plant of the Terre Haute, Ind., Traction and Light company waa dam aged by fire reoently to the extent of $ 100 , 000 . The odium that long has rested on rath Dakota as an “easy” state is likely to be lifted. A reform bill apoa will be presented In the legis lators to abate the evlL James Samuel MoCne, a forme mayor of Charlottesville, Va., was hanged in the oonnty jail reoently for ie murder of his wife. Governor Lafollette of W was chosen Monday night by the 1oint session republican caucus as ac—*— succeed Quarles. A high offloial a t Pekin of the Chin- e foreign offloe said in an interview reoently tnat the neutrality of China was assured now as hitherto. It is stated tl^at there are 18,666 siok and wounded Russian prisoners a t Port Arthur, of these, 867 are ci with the navy. proposed that the Minnesota educational exhibit, whiph grand prize at the S t Louis fair, be sent to the Lewis and Clark exposition at Portland, Oregon. A number of persons were Injured, four seriously, by the wrecking of the Sunrise express on the Boston & Maine railroad near Durham, N. H. John Martin Speyer, a circus former, formerly of New Orleans, who killed his young aon while showing in Kansas city two years ago, was found guilty of murder in the first The grand jury, whioh haa for two months been investigating the eleotion frauds in Pueblo oounty, Colorado, baa reported to the oourt and then dis charged. One hundred new indiot- menta were returned. At Wilson, Kansas, reoently, City Marshal Tillman shot and killed Sam Hntohinaon, the postmaster and editor of a paper, and then oommitted sui cide. Several days ago Tillman whip ped Hntohinaon’a boy and the latter scored the marshal in hia paper. Moat of the business men of Spokane look to~'the Canadian Paoiflo oonnoo-, tion with Spokane, through D. C. Cor- 1 bin’s proposed Spokane International railroad, as the solution of the freight | rate problem for the Inland Empire. i The senate haa passed a bill appro- - priating $100,000 for the state exhibit at the Lewis and Clark fair and creat ing a fair commission to spend the the money and arrange the exhibit In the apnual report for 1904 of the Spokane postal division, including Spo kane, Seattle, Taooma, Portland, Bntte and Helena, Spokane shows the awgkCepési Kx. Ta t .iripll- Prise C J » per Trer. MONTANA NOTE«. The Livingston pnblio schools are osed this week beoauae of the threat ened spread of smallpox. The Bntte Business Men’s associa tion will hold ita annual banquet on evening of Wednesday, February 2 2 , In honor of George Washington’s birthday. Representative Charles W Dempster of Silver Bow county Insists that his bill establishing the whipping post iir Montana Is no joke. Invitations l i v e been received by a imberof prominent people in the ate inviting them to attend tiy ln- stallation ceremonies, pontifical mass and banquet attending the arrival of Right Rev. John P. Carroll aa bishop of Helena. The smallpox situation a t Billings is snch as to cause fears of a general nd of the disease through the towns of eastern Montana, and rigid prooautoins are being taken by health offiosrs. Joseph Mateusi, an Austrian, was shot and almost instantly killed by Anglo Perra, a fellow countryman, in Gabriel Frankino's saloon in Meaderville Sun day morning, and died within to minutes after the bullet entered his body. The house subcommittee on merchant marine and fisheries has decided to re^ port an omnibus fish hatcheries bill es tablishing hatcheries in Washington, Idaho and Montana. While the report will soon be made the bill is not expect ed to become a law at this session be cause of the prevalent spirit of economy. The Montana congressional delegation recently called on Chief Engineer Newell of the reclamation service ar.d discussed irrigation projects in Montana. The Glendive project on the Yellowstone river was given particular attention, as $ 1 , 500,000 has already been set apart by the department for this project, and for the additional reason that ther^is now pending before congress a measure giv ing authority to the secretary of the interior to construct irrigation works 00 the Yellowstone and Missouri rivers wjiercver desired. Should the measure become a law work on the Glendive dam will be commenced soon. Czar and Family Go to Copenhagen Li ban, Russia, Jan. 26.—The im perial yacht S tandart is expected here to oonvev the ozar and his family to Copenhagen. Reports from St. Peters burg say that the aotnal gorvemment is no longer in the hands of the osar* This statement is made with delibera tion and with a full knowledge of the day's doings. The grand dnosl corterie, always powerul, bnt until very reoently held In oheok by the people's pathetio faith in the power of the “ little white father,” is in absolute oommand. Grand Dnxe Vladimir commands the troops, and evrey order, whether it be one of leniency or stern rerpeaslon, is issued by him. Grand Duke Serign 1 Is stated to be in oontrol of th i inter national situation. From an excellent source comes the information that the ozar has iasned no orders, has given no oommands and has made do suggestions until today. He recieved minute reports of the night and day happenings. Beyond that the informant says his majesty has not exercised his supreme author ity. - The utmost secrecy is maintained as to the czar’s present whereabouts. Some have him at Tsarkoe 8elo, others a t Peterhoff, still others Insist that he haa been at the winter palace rihgt along. All questions put to men in authority on that soore are met with the very oorteous reply that they know as little as the interrogator. STRAINS SHOT OUT; YET LIVE8. Five-Year-Old Child About to be Buried Recovers. Macon, Ga.—Although the brains of James MoGribb, a 6 year old boy. were shot ont and he bad been plaoed In the coffin as dead, he has revived, and the physicians say he will reoover. The boy was shot during the Christ mas celebration by his brother'» ballet. The ballet entered the ohlld’s head and his brains oozed ont The ohild was believed to be dead, and the brains were put back in the bole made by the b ullet The body was prepared for burial and put In a ooffln At the grave a fluttering of the heart waa noticed and the child was taken home. For three weeks the family waited for the fluttering to stop, bnt today the heart aotion beoame normal and the ohild regained oonzolouaneea. Physioians say the recovery will be oomplete. If so, the ease will be one of the most remarkable in medioal an- Terry and wife, Chicago\ engaged quarters a t the Blatz hotel here reoent ly. Today Mrs. Terry’s dead body was fo rad in their room. Terry is missing. It is believed that a double suioide had been planned and that Trery lost his Mrs. Terry was spparealty a boot 20 years of age.