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V O L . I I . N O . 36. C O L U M B IA F A L L S . M O N T A N A . M A R C H 11, 1905. Single Copies lie . Sabscriptio* P rkeSZJI per V w . MONTANA COLLISION PASSENGER AND FREIGHT TRAINS GOME TOGETHER ON A CURVE. Two Men Are Dead and 8everal Bad ly Injured— Engineer on Freight Read Hla Order« Wrong— Both En gine« Left Track— Occurred Near Bearmouth. Missoula, Mont., March 8.—Two men are-dead and six people Injured as the result of a collision of a freight and the \\westbound Twin Cities express on the Northern Pacific at Bearmouth, Sun day afternoon, at 2:30. The express was 30 minutes behind time, and the freight had orders to wait at Bear mouth siding. Mearmouth la 76 miles west of Helena, and has an unenviable reputation as the scene of holdups and murders on the Northern Pacific. Engineer Sheehan misunderstood bis orders. He had the impression that the express was three horn's and 30 minutes late. His orders read 30 min utes late. He proceeded east As the freight rounded the curve east of Bear mouth, scarcely out of the yards. It crashed head on Into .the express, high bank shut off the view of both engineers, and no attempt had been made to slow down. Both engines were thrown from the track and the mall and express cars telescoped, but the passenger coacheq came to a dead stop and remained on the track. The Dead. As soon as the passengers could reach the disabled end of the train It was found that the following were dead: W. F. Wilcox of Helena, division chief clerk of the railway mall service, on tour o f Inspection; instantly killed. J. L. Beilin of Helena, fireman of the express; crushed and mangled; died when removed from wreck. Joseph L. James, engineer of the passenger, is a cousin of Frank and Jesse James, notorious former outlaws. Beilin came to Helena two years ago from M^nesota. Presidential Nominations. Ambassadors extraordinary and min isters plenipotentiary : Whltelaw Reid, New York, to Great Britain; Robert S. MoCormiok, Illin ois, to Fraooe; George V. L. Meyer, Massachusetts, to Russia; Edwin H. Conger, lows,to Mexioo; Henry White, Rhode Island, to Italy. President Roosevelt gratified the last formal request made by ex-Senator Forste before he retired, and sent to the senate the appointment of Thomas gammons of Taooma, Wash., aa consul general to Newohwong, China, rice Henry Miller of Oregon, who was sim ultaneously appointed to Yokohama, Jaan. Mr. Sammon's nomination will be promptly oonfirmed by the senate. The position pays $3000 per annum The president also sent to the senate the nomination of Henry L. Wilson of Spokane, Wash., as (lmnister to Bel gium. It was sDnounoed at the state department today that Mr. Wilson's promotion was in recognition of his services as minister to Chile. Kuropatkin Defeated. SL Petersburg, March 9.—That tha battle of Mukden w ill go down in his tory with Liaoyang in the long list of Russian defeats is the almost universal belief in pesslmistio SL Petersburg, wbioh has forgotten the meaning of the word “ viotory” . Tens of thous ands of men hare fallen In fanatioal charges. The war offioe does not ad mit that the issues of the great battle, whioh already exceed in magnitude of operations and losses that of the Shak- he, has been decided, although it is positively stated in high quarters that Kur.- patkin has telegraphed to Emperor Nioholas that it will be impossible to hold Mukden, and that the withdrawal of the army northward has already been begun. Roosevelt's New Cabinet. John Hsy, District of Columbia, secretary of state. Leslie M. Shaw, lows, sec re tray of the treasury. William H. Taft, Ohio, secretary of war. William H. Moody, Massachusetts, attorney general. George Bruce Cortelyou, New York, postmaster general. Paul Morton, Ilinlois, secretary of the navy. . Ethan A. Hitohoook, Missouri, score tary of interior. Jame» Wilson, Iowa, secretary of agriculture . Viotor H. Metcalf, California, secre tary of commerce and labor. Northern Securité*Won. The supreme court has affirmed the decision of the ciroutt oourt of appeals for the third oirouit in the oaae of Harriman versus the Northern Securi ties company, involving the distribu tion of the shares in the Northern Se curities company. The deoision is favorable to the oompahy. M O N T A N A SQUIBS. The Ninth session of the legislative assembly has passed into history. The estimated population Is said to be not more than 10,000 for Anaconda. The Butte pestbouse was looted, and the thief or thieves have made a pro fitable haul. Governor Toole (pis vetoed the bill Increasing the membership of the su preme court The bill failed to pass the senate over his veto. The Chippewa Indians are holding a war dance In the Deer Lodge valley, five miles from Anaconda. William Walsh, the recently appoint- I state mining inspector, is an old- time Miner of Butte and is well and favorably known to nearly every In the camp, where be has resided for ore than 20 years. The twenty-first annual encampment of the department of Montana, Grand Army of the Republic, will be held In Dillon on March 28 and 29, 1906. campmcnt will convene March 28 i. The Woman's Relief corps will convene at the same time. The Idaho Wool Growers' associa tion closed a deal last night by wlflch it becomes a balfowner In the Great Western Salt company of Ogden, Utah. The sheepmen will control the board of directors. Their object Is to secure cheaper salt for their docks. The plant of the company is located at the Lucln cut-off, 13 miles from Ogden. No further steps will be taken I the prosecution against the beef trust under the charge of having formed an Illegal combination In restraint of trade and for the control of the prices of meat products until after the ad journment of the legislature, March 2, next. Upon motion of District Attorney Rasch. Judge W. H. Hunt, In the Unit ed 8tates court, has quashed indict ments returned by the federal grand jury against former Mayor Frank Ed wards, former Chief of Police Tom Travis of Helena and Sam Goodman, lull upon George O. Freeman, receiver or the United States land of fice In Helena several months ago. The district attorney asked for the dismis sal because the government could mot prove Its jurisdiction. W A 8 A B U S Y CONQRE88. Review of Work Done by the Last 8eeeion. The last session of congress was a .busy one, but the number of things done that ought to have been done was outnumbered by the things that were left undone. The senate, against the advice of the president amended the arbitration treaties, and this work Is now at a standstill. District Court Judge Swayne was acquitted on articles of Impeachment voted by the house. The Philippine tariff was revised id an act passed to encourage rail road building and other developments In the Islands. The laws of Alaska were codified and the appointment of an additional judge authorised. Two new battleships were provided for in the naval appropriation bllL Jurisdiction of the forest reserves was transferred from the interior to the agricultural department. .1 By resolution of the house the de partment of commerce was Instructed to begin an Investigation of the oil trust. The secretary of war was authorlz- 1 to return union and confederate battleflags to the states from which they were originally borne. The American National Red Cross society was Incorporated. A river and harbor bill was passed carrying an appropriation of nearly »31.080,000. There was a failure to pass the measure for the immediate opening of the south half of the Colville reserva tion. The bill reducing the membership of the Panama canal commission and giving the president larger directory powers failed. The Each-Townsend bill for the reg ulation of freight rates by the Inter state commerce commission was pass ed by the house, but died in the sen- G Review of Happenings In Both Eastern and Weetem Hemlepheres During the Past Week— National, Historical, Political and Personal Events Tersely Told. Rear Admiral Stirling will be suc ceeded In command of the Asiatic fleet by Rear Admiral W. M. Folger on March 23. Father Gopon, leader of the Russlah forkmen on the fatal Sunday, Janu ary 2, has left Geneva for London by way of Paris. Tbe London Globe positively asserts the Earl Cador has been elected succeed Lord Selborne as first lord of the admiralty. Nan Patterson, who has once been tried on-the charge of murdering Cae- Young, must be given another trial by May 1 or be released ou balL The Swedish Bteamer Vegga, from Barry, December 10, for Hongkong, seized by a Japanese warship. The place where she was captured Is with held. - Andrew Carnegie has arrived la Cleveland in response to a subpoena by the federal authorities.to appear as a witness In the trial of Mrs. Chad wick. t. Petersburg.—It Is reported that General Maxlmovttch has been ap pointed governor of Warsaw and Count Dashkovltch commander of the Caucasus. An official of the United States Steel corporation says that a general crease In wages of the employes of that company Is under consideration. The announcement will be made offi cially about April 1. The German battleship Mecklenburg and Wlttelsbach grounded recently off Hatten reef, east of Samsoe island. The Wlttelsbach was floated, but the Mecklenburg la fast. She la leaking and her bottom is damaged. 8outh Shields, England.—The recent fire at the coal landings on the north- tMUlK of me Tj'uo ate. The statehood bill which, as It passed the house, admitted Oklaho ma, New Mexico and Arizona as sep arate states, was amended so as to admit Oklahoma and Indian Territory as a single state and New Mexico, leaving Arizona a territory. The bouse refused to accept the changes and the bill died In conference. There was a refusal of the demand of the people of Alaska for a delegate congreas. Japs Oppose Army of 400,000. According to estimates which have been-prepared at Tokio the forces un der General Kuropatkin between the Shakhfc river and Tie pass total slight e r 400,000, composed o f 335,000 In fantry, 33,000 cavalry and 25.000 ar tillery, with 1504 guns. These esti mates do not include tbe Vladivostok and other garrisons, the railroad guards or the civil employes. The grand total of the Russian strength it of Baikal la estimated at 700,000. AROUND THE WORLD SHORT TELEGRAPH NOTES FROM ALL POINTS OF HEMISPHERE. the amount of fl.000,000 before It waa under control. The J^iwden and other docks were saved. Hames Moran of Superior, Wls., waa killed and three Duluth men sustained Injurlea recently In the cojlapae of a section of an extension to the Duluth. Mesaba & Northern ore docks at Du luth. The section which fell was In course of erectloa. Paris.—The church marriage of M'ss Elsie Porter, daughter of the Ameri can ambassador, to Dr. Edwin Wlnde of Zurich, Switzerland, took place Sat urday In the church of the Holy Trin ity and was followed by a reception : the American embassy. The German government. It Is be lieved, has Inquired, or Is about to in quire, through Baron Sternberg, the German ambassador to the United States, if a proposal to discuss a re ciprocal trade arrangement would be favorably received In Washington. A-weetf ago the Maxville and Alex andria, Canada, hockey teams were In the last half of an exciting match, when Allan Loney struck Alclde Lau- rin of the latter seven on the head with bis stick. I.aarln dropped to the Ice. and when his comrades reached him he waa dead. The University of Chicago Is to be transformed Into an American Oxford. Elaborate plans involving the erection, in tbe near future, of two solid blocks of new buildings at a probable cost of $5,000,000 and a complete change In tbe original university, were nounccd by the faculty.. The \High wall,\ ons of the finest of the private dormitories of Yale stu dents, was damaged recently by fire to the extent of $10.000. The Injury the costly furnishings ot Sheffield science school students who occupied the apartments Is estimated at $10,000 more. The fire Is supposed to have started from a cigarette stub. A pleasing Incident occurred during the last hours of the national house. Speaker Cannon was presented with a handsome loving cup, the tribute of affection and esteem of the members, regardless of party. Tbe presentation speech was made by Mr. Bell of Il linois and waa punctuated throughout with applause, the members several times rising en masse and cheering. When the enthusiasm had subsided Mr. Clark of Missouri produced a sec- demonstration by presenting to John Sharp Williams of Mississippi the minority leader, a loving cup, the gift of bis democratic colleagues. Tax Commission Bill. Olympia, Wash., March. 8.—Tha Reid tax commission bill, identical iu all assential particulars with the East- erday bill whioh was vetoed by Gov ernor MoBride two years ago on the ground thta it was weak and a Bor tire, id the senate and with minor amendments. The house will probably oonour in the amendments. ELEVEN BILLIO N 8 IN 14 YEARS. Total Value Of American Farm Prod ucts Sent Out of Country, The department of agriculture haa issued a report on foreign trade in farm and forest products In 1904, conro plied by the division of foreign mar kets. It shows that the balance of trade In farm products In each year from 1890 to 1904 waa In favor of ex ports. There waa a distinct gain In 1898, when the exports balance In creased to $665,000,000, a gain of $257,- 000 over the preceding year, and for six successive years beginning with 1898, the annual export balance farm products exceeding $410,000. The statement shows that the do mestic exports of farm or agricultural products for the year were $19,000,000 less than the preceding year, and $6. 000,000 less than the annual average for 1899 to 1903. The total value of exports In 1904 waa $869.180.264. The exports of forest products In 1904 ag gregated $60.600,430, and was an le of $17,000,000 over 1903, and $36,000,000 more man the annual : age for 1894 to 1898. For the period, 1890 to 1904, the total value of do mestic exports of farm products ag gregated $11.000.000.000. Total Imports of farm products In 1904 were $461.536.851, an Increase of $5.000.000 oyer 1903, and of $54,000,000 over the annual average fof*I899 to 1903, and of forest products $79,610,- The value of Imports of forest products exceeded the previous year by $8,000,000, and the annual average of 1899 to 1903, by $19,000,000. Items of Farm Products. The farm Imports In 1904 Included $73,000,000 of sugar and molasses, $71, 000.000 In animal fibers. $70,000,000 In coffee, $62,000.000 In hides and skins, and $46,000,000 In vegetable libera. Lumber exports aggregated $39,000,- an Increase of $7,000,000 over the previous year. Naval stores exported Increased from $13,000,000 in 1903, $16,000,000 In 1904. Alcoholic liquors Imported declined $500,000. CZAR’SARMYRDUTED KUROPATKIN COMPELLED TO.FLEE BEFORE JAP FORCES. TURN CA P ITAL INTO FAIRYLAND. He Was Defeated All Allong Shahke River— Thousands of Soldiers and Horses Killed and Wounde^-Rus- slan Army Demoralized— Brave Cos sacs Had to Run. Tokio, March 10.—Defeated along the line, with thonsadBs bones and men killed and wounded, his army turned into a demoralized mob of men who no longer obey the or- den of their offioen, an enormous per centage of hia munitions of war and artillery lost to him, having been abandoned to the victorious Japanese or destroyed to prevent falling into their hands .General Kuropatkin is at last reports making a frantic effort to save something from the wreck, and is withdrawing all of his reserves north ward to a point where he can reason ably hope to reorganize hia defeated army. In the meantime tbe Japanese sol diers on the right, left and oentre are pressing in on the fleeing Russians and w ill make an attempt to completely annolli Hated the soldiers of the ozar. The regsult of the fortnight's fight ing aouht of Mukden is the wont dir as ter to Russian arms of the war. Even the hold Coaoaoks, who in other days have repeatedly proven their valor on bloody fields, have been oompbelled to give wayjand run before the relentless pressure of the troops of the mikado who, scorning death in every form, have oontinned battering awav at the Russian entrenchments and piercing them one by one, until! today the en tire vast system of earthworks below and to the eastward and westward of Mukden, which were oonstruoted sa a haven of refuge after Liaoyang by the Russian engineers and whioh were pro claimed to be absolutely impregnable, are in the hands of the Japanese and above them floats the aver victorious sun rayed flag of the mikado. Oyama’a hands have been well up held and Nogi’i veterans from Port Ar thur, fighting aide by aide with the heroes of Fengwangoheng and Liao- yeag, and using the same laedgto ham mer taotios that won snooess against the flower of Siberian brigades and the Russian army oorps that np to now had been supposed to be ¿prinoible, have overwhelmed tbe Russian army in Manchuria and inflicted a moat disas trous defeat. The losses on both sides daring the past fortnight have been enormous, alt though it is at present impossible to es timate them. Magnificent Ball, Fireworks and Lights Inaugural Night. Washington D. C., March 4,—Turn ing from the pageant of the Inaugural events of the day. the doubled popula tion of the city disposed Itself **— three Imposing spectacles of the the promenade, at The pension misnamed a ball; the fireworks White House lot and the dazzling street decorations In honor of Presi dent Roosevelt. Tbe attendance at the * limited to 12,000 or 15,000. The street decorations were viewed by a solid marching column filling the wide pavements of the avenue and the street Itself and reaching for two miles and a half. No such brilliant scheme of decora tion and illumination was ever wit nessed before In this country or any other. The dome of the capito! stood white against the darkness, the Illu minations of searchlights In the top of Washington monument being visi ble for many miles. The fireworks exceeded all previous displays. There were no ordinary pieces. The decorations of the ballroom suc cessfully conformed to the agreement that every Inauguration should' exceed all previous efforts. AH was accom- that could be effected by ax.- tended masses of color, spreading all about and over the immense room and its galleries, with miles of evergreen vines, cart loads of cut flowers, flags In artistic combination, electric lights by the thousands upon thousands, and electric pieces large and small, of un rivalled proportions, carrying 6000 var ied colored lights woven Into a most t autlful design. Instrumental music and the trained chorus of 500 voices filled the vast building to its remotest recesses with maroh. The Russians are holding the the perfection of musical attainment. | village of Uahuntun. whioh at night- In deference to Sunday all ceremonies fall were waa partly in the hand* of slipped at midnight, but It waa well U>e Russians and partly in those of the toward morning before the lights were Japanese. A t 3 o'clock this morning turned down on the most brilliant Russians snooeeded in taking oom- spectacle that Washington had seen In P'et® possession of the village, whioh Its long line of notable occasions. Till u ° f 8reat «trategfo importance for the long after midnight the gathered thou-, accomplishment of the withdrawaL sands walked, wandered and enthused ‘ No attaok on the position at Madya- oh Pennsylvania avenue, through long pu .west of the railroad, haa begnn at reaches of fairyland. ( this nour. The Japanese hold the With the wee small hours the lights, heights five miles west of Hnshatai, faded and the cltlzena rested after, though Russian oavalry in this region their months of labor. yesterday drove in outlying parties. It prandly had the District of Colum-1 ia also reported that thereis a Japanese bja entertained the nation. detaohmeat east of the railroad In the _ __________________ same region. 8 w . Te egrsph pemmnnicstion with Har- Big Strike in New York. bin wfu destroyed by the Japanese ear- New York, Maroh 8.—A t five min- ly this morning, but has sinoe been re ntes to 4 o'olook this morning the stored. strike on the elevated and subway of The Russane on Tuesday captured the Inter boro ugh Rapid Trnasit oom- 600 prisoners, who spear to be almost pany began. A train, whioh reached exhausted, the One Hundred and Fifty-first street The losses on both aides have been terminal of tbe West Side Elevated enormous. The casualties on the Ruo tine ta the hour, was deserted by its en statu left flank on Tuesday exceeded tire crew. Ticket ohoppers, agents and 7000. other employee at tho One Hundred The burning of commissariat ware- and Fifty-fifth street station also went houst« and the destruction of supplies ont south of Mukden, is said by Russian -------------------------- officers to be complete. Everything It la easier to teat the Bible by your that oonld not be carried away was logvp than It is to teat your living by destroyed. Ma Uwa. j Today the situation is more MUKDEN CENTER OF BIG BATHE Fierce Fight Raging Two Miles West of the Railroad. Muxden, Maroh 10.—The Russians are racing from the lines of the Shakhe river and the left fiaDk of the line of foxtidoations on the Hnn river. Jap- are north of Mukden and adven ing against the railroad at Unguntun. A fight ia raging two miles west of the railroad and projectiles are reaching the railroad. Mokden is still in the hands of the Russians, but withdrawal from the line of Shakhe river ia still in progress. The Japanese are making a strong at taok north of Mukden, where they oc cupy a right angled position, one side parallel with the railroad and three and a half miles distant, and the rear facing northward, three miles north of the imperial tombs. The Ruslsans have retired from the positions they oocupied yesterday in tbe region of Tatohekiao, but are making a strong ■and against the Japanese on the forced A temilo oannonading is in 'pregna, and the street« of Mukden rumble as with 16,000 drums. AT T H E INAUGURAL BALL. Thousand« of People Enjoy the Ecens of 8plendor. The Inaugural festivities closed at midnight with a ball that In splendor, attendance and artistic effect fittingly ushered ,ouj^i brilliant day. Thousands of handsomely gowned women, with escorts, from every state In the Union and nearly every civilised country, In the grand illuminated court o t the pension building paid their social de voirs to the nation's chief executive for the next four years. The setting for the ball was beautiful, with a wealth of various colors In evergreen, palms and flowers. _ ^ At half past 8 the president and vice presidential party arrived. As the president and Mrs. Roosevelt reached the grotto in the center of the ballroom they paused, and, facing their box, aaw beaming Upon them their children. Miss Alice Roosevelt. Theodore,. Jr., Ethel, Archie and Ker- mlL As the party strolled elowly around the hall many friends were recognis ed. Completing their promenade, the presidential party ascended the stair way to the first gallery, where the president's reception room waa sitnat- Inatead of waiting until he had, entered bis box, the specially invited guests entered the room and a recep tion waa held In advance of the hour appointed for this function. It was Just 10 o'clock when the president and Mrs. Roosevelt entered their box. About 6000 persons were in the Improvised Italian ghrden and cheered for several minutes. Their greeting was supplemented by the stir ring music of the band. At 10:30 the president and his party and the vice president and the mem bers of his party were escorted to the supper room. After supper, which was finished at about 11 o'clock, the president and Mrs. Roosevelt, the vice president and Mrs. Fairbanks again entered their box. As soon as they were sighted by the throngs below a mighty shout up. and the president responded times to the prolonged cheering. Finally he turned and escorted Mrs. Roosevelt to the railing of his box, and they stood foi* several minutes bowing to the crowd. Following a con ference with members of his party, the president again went to the edge of his box, and, motioning to the band at the opposite end of the hall, clap ped his hands. Indicating the pleasure their music had given him. This again called forth tremendous ap plause. Finally, the president and Mrs. Roosevelt appeared at the edge of their box for the last time and stood for several minutes bowing their fare wells. They left the box. followed by members of their parties and after about five minutes spent In the presi dent's reception room, departed from the building. THEODORE ROOSEVELT. Macrlsd Born October 27, 1858, In New York city. 1880— Graduated from Harvard. 1881— 83—Member of the New York assembly. ~- 1882— Married Miss Alice Lee of Boston, who died two years later. 1884—Chairman New York delega tion national republican convention. 1884-86—Ranching in Bad Lands, Da kota. 1886—Married Mlse Edith Caraw of New York. 1886—Unsuccessful candidate for mayor of New York city. 1889-95—United States civil service commissioner. 1895-96—Police commissioner. New York city. 1897- 8—Assistant secretary of the navy. 1898— Colonel of the Rough Riders. 190IW1—Vice President of the Unit ed States. 1901—President of United 8tates. 1904—Re-elected President of the United States. First Lord of Admiralty. London.—It is officially announced that Earl Cawder will succeed Lord Selborne as first lord of the admiralty. The appointment Is somewhat o f a sur prise, he having since his accession to the earldom taken no .active part in politics and being absorbed In railway management Earl Cawder will resign from the chairmanship ot the Great Western railway. Coe Commission Falls. Minneapolis, Minn., Maroh 8.—The Coe Commission company of thlsoity, * whioh did a business of $3,000,000 last *, is ont of business. So also are the numerous branches in the Paclflo northwest, including those at Spokane, Wash., and Wallaoe, Idaho. 8ix hun dred employes are ont of work.