The Columbian (Columbia Falls, Mont.) 1905-1925, February 25, 1925, Image 1

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¿ d B * - * VOL. xxixm. NO 22 i'E COLUMBIAN •■Pro»«» PBMlQlty Prom p t«. P w p .m y - M » d H ro.porltr Prodoeo.' GREAT NORTHERN COLUMBIA FALIfl, MONTANA, THURSDAY FEB. 26. 1925. The Great Northern Kailway Co. has Just' published another \Mon­ tana\ folder and The Columbian has a copy at; hand. It Is profuse With Illustrations showing what the state produces and quotes sta­ tistics taken from actual records. Every county in the Atajte reWelved special mention. and\ the photo­ graphs Include scones from one end of the state to the other. Tije pub- Hoatioji- la but another bit of evi­ dence to prove that the Great Nor­ thern has confidence in Montana and, is doing moreC than Its' store In advertising her resources to’ the .world. Any one desiring a -copy of tho new Montana book may have one free of charge by sending their address to E. C. Leedy, general agricultural development agent. Great Northern Railway Oo., St. Paul, Minn. The write-up of Flathead county Is as follows: Flathead county outspreads at the west toot of the main (range of the Rocky mountuins. The north- thera portion of the county is moun­ tainous an* heavily timllored. The ceilral and southern portions— much of wlhoh is occupfd -by the feftfle Flathead valley—contains many FITS AND HANS TO FLIT FRIDAY scenery- o f - ito * Flathead ___ th* many lakes and s t r e a m s ,___ delightful climate. *nd the many ad­ vantages In the way of tiransportar tion. markets, schools and churches, combine to moke the farm homes of the region more than ordinarily The Flathead valley embraces ap­ proximately 200.000 acres of agri­ cultural land. The land, generally, is level,__ although In some pit gently rolling and in others broken by benches and foothills, • Wheat averages, to the s 25 to 40 bushels, oats 40 bushels, rye 25 to 35 bushels, (bar­ ley 20 to 50 bushels4 pqtatdes 160 to 300 bushels and bay about 2 tons The annual rainfall Is about 15 Inches. The lack of wind, protecting snow In winter and the ample rainfall during the growing season aid In the production ol crops. Cherries, cralb apples, plnms, strawberries, raspberles and many valetles of apples, among them the Wealthy. Duchess, Rome Beauty. Wagner. McIntosh.Red, Gravenstein We grown: One grower report# a yield of $715.00 worth of straw­ berries from an acre and a half and another received $900.00 from ore acre of raspberries. '»Flathead lake la developing as a summer playground for the people of Montana and other states. Its scenic setting amid mountain back­ grounds, its wooded shores and; its groat expanse make the lake a no­ table recreation place. Northwestern . Montana offers ex­ cellent opportunities to acquire Everything Is ready for the ath­ letic event,of the year next Friday night, Fab. 27, vyhen the Fats and “ ®ans “ oet In a basket ball battle that promises to be a bloody and exciting affair. The bitter feeling which has lain dormant within the breasts these two factions has burst forth within. the past few days. Old friendships are forgotten and the players are having much difficulty In holding ou to ihemselves until tho hour of combat arrives. Henry Lokensgard, cajitain for the Fats, that he has worked out « play among his men that means the annihilation of the withered-1 up five: ft is whispered that when ihe ball is tossed up in the center, all . five fat men will rush forward and form a circle around the slim center, and the Impact will wipe oul that player forthwith. This play will be used continuously un- •1 1 the Leans are wiped out, and tho Fats will be victorious. Dr.. Daniels has been engaged to be .present with a lartfe supply of restoratives, bandages, surgical In­ struments, straight Jackets, etc. ' Carpenters will see tflat the bal­ cony in the sym is strengthened so to hold - thc-tanormous crowd and alHo place now supports beneath the gym floor to Survive the Impact of the Fats. It's sure going to he me. game. - The Eureka and <4¥ynb!a Falls girls' basket ball teamw will also play. It's going to be a big night. Don't fall to attend. L •2.00 PER YEAR Montana Farm Review Paper read by F. a Arnett at “Montan« D*y\ Program Farming in Montana t \ POISON WINNERS AT TOURNAMENT Town Loses Soil . For Railway Taxes r be said to huve begun with the Introduction of cattle,' which eccured In 1832. In that year fur traders brought cattle to their posts to supply them wath the luxuries o f beef and butter. John Grant is credited with es­ tablishing the first heel herd In here in -U853. In 1866 the territorial auditor reported 4326 head of oxen and 1896 cows and calves. In 1868 the first market shipment was made. They went to Salt Laki» City, first Texas drive to Montana made In 1869,- and the last In the early eighties. In 1885, the first year for which figures are available, 79,089 head «title were shipped to market. In t«91 the number in­ creased to 260.000' head. Except 1900 and 190(1, shipment ag­ gregated 200,000 head up to 191»2, Shipments declined In the next four years, thpn sharply Increased to the peak in 1919, when 641,3,37 head were shipped out. Sh,eep were Introduced into the state In 1857: About 25 yean la­ ter than cattle. In 1866 the ter­ ritorial auditor listed 1769 head. Before (the N. P railroad reached Montana In .1883, large quantities of wool were shipped on flat boats down tho Missouri and rivers to New Orleans, and thence by steam boat to Boston. In 1890. there were 1.990,000 sheep reported state. In 1900, 6.170,000 The wool clip that year 26,020,120 pounds and was largest of any state. The peak lh numbers was-\ attained In 1901 when 6,417,000 head of sheep v listed and the high wool clip 1904 when It amounted to 37,773.- 000\ pounds. * - Father DeSiuot, a Catholic mis­ sionary to- the Indians, wks Mon­ tanas first husbandman, in 1845 a patch Attorney- llock D. Frederick, of Whiteflsh, retained Ihy the {town council of thl3 city to fight Its case against the Great Northqm Rail­ way Co., which brought suit to re­ cover what it claimed was illegal taxes imposed by the town, was in the city on Wednesday of last week and reported to Mayor Kil- duff that Judge Green of -Choteau. sitting on the bench for Judge |an application to the Helena land Pomeroy, had ruied adversely and the town will have to remit taxes involved. The Judgement means that town will lose approximately $1300 of Great Northern taxes and comes as a serious loss in carrying on’ the and livestock wealth for the state govenment of the city. It also *8 tottad in the first report of the . every Other taxpayer; territorial auditor, “up In the city couM have claimed a 1866.\ In the counties of MadisoD, refund had they filed a protest i Edgerton (now Lewis and Clark), within the specified time, tout as It j Beaverhead and Gallatin, a total of stands the railway company ' 82,706 acres wore \claimed.'' is. the only one to benefit b y the de- 'returns were received from olslon. ; counties of Jefferson, Deer Lodge, Mayor Kllduff has expressed his Missoula, Choteau and Big Horn willingness to refund every tali- U*tw changed to Custer), 937 acres under the desert land act Among the other states Montana ranks third In area, in total 'of land farmed It ranks fifth, th« spring wheat states Montana ranks second. In production of hay ¡Montana stands in the upper ten among the states. In livestock 'production she ranks 17th. In 1910 Montana: racked 23rd among the states In volume of wheat pro*- i in 1933 Montana had ad- to fifth place. The 1924 wheat production will probably ad­ vance the state to fourth place. . In „13.10 only thre« states in the union ranked below Montana In corn, p ro­ duction; in 1983 seventeen state« had 'been dropped behind. This state stands third in wool and fourth In flax production. Because 95 per cent of Montana’s wheat Is grown on non-lirlgalted land, wheat is and Will continuo to te the state’s major cash crop for a long time to come. One year with another, Montana's spring when: higher protein content and therefore a higher milling value than the wheat of any other state. Seventy per cent of the cash Income of Montana funners firom crops _ from wheat. It should be borne In mind that the tendenoy In agrlcul- tire Is toward the development of those props which bring the best re­ turns to the farmer. Montana's Increasing wheat pro­ duction does not mean that there been stagnation in development of other forms of production that generally are referred to as diver­ sified farming. The Increase in »but- tertat production In 1923 over 192J was more than 50 per cent. The Increase in 1924 over 1923 will probably approximate 50 per cent. The number of speclalired dairy f ground ■ to I cattle in Montana ha» increased -»L i t u»rj->i250 per cent_Blpcft 1910. The in- misslou in tne JUltter Root valley.' crease in swine for the same period1 \ was 350 per cent There will be marketed between 250 and 300 car loads of G. N. beans In this qtate this year. It is impossible, however, to un­ derstand conditions In Montana at the present time without (review­ ing the agriculture history of this state from 1917 to 1920. A aeries of years with sub-normal precipita­ tion was u^Hred In with 1917, that is, without parallel in the recorded weather history of this region, culminated In 1913 Theso were years of abnormally high costs of opera­ tion; whpn returns also would have been high, had It not been for the crop shortage. As It was, the high were-solidified in debt, year witnessed new sources of ore- dlt drained, without ho^od-for re- na. In 1919 bad crops as well IgTain were short. The .winter/ that followed was long and severed Feeding started In October and kept up six months. Montana sent $50,000,000, mostly borrowed. present town of Stevens-, ville. A few farms were establish­ ed in the same valley In the next decades. The firm consider­ able Influx of people to Montana territory was precipitated by ihe Alder Gulch, gold discovery in 1863. A few turned to agriculture. The first homestead entry In Montana was made by David D. Carpenter ou office, fllea August 1, 1868. Patent was Issued Feb. 10, 1871 for 160.- 55 acres. Part of this tract Is now embraced In the grounds of th 1-ewit, and Clark county hospital. The first official mention of farm The same old (Jinx which l hung over the Columbia Falls t ket ball team the past several years accompanied the boys toiUu district tournament at Browning last week, and as a result or his operations tho local team lands at the bottom of the list In the dis­ trict. Because of Troy's failure to ar­ rive It was necessary that one of the teams should play but one game, and It happened that Colum­ bia Falls drew the bye and by los­ ing the first game to Browning, they were eliminated from any further games. Poison won the championship, Whitefish took second. Eureka third. Kallspell fourth, Brownln? fifth and Libby j sixth. According to reports the Poison team,- although dropping their first game to Eureka, was easily the fastest five at the mqet and will give a good account at the state tournament. This team played three games on the last day, win­ ning each one, and met WhlteflRli that evening to decide the cham­ pionship. All scores were close. The score by which Columbia Falls last to Browning was 18 to 31. The play- era to represent the Columbia Falls school were Kenov Lokensgard, Tom Smith, Kenneth Reynolds, Eddie Brewster, Ray Oharley, Ar­ thur Barll and Ed NeeVers, Coach Tlcbs accompanied the team. Browning woe the~jextemperan- eous speaking contest, Whiteflsh took second and Eureka third. MINSTREL SHOW BY HOME TALENT along rivers and creek. Th. aoR * th# ra,,« > r a i d i n g ^ encro*chmenU °f tha * .. ,S , . ireelf8- y 111! 8011 that it can be done - legally, and , steader oegau to be felt by slrSisrr s: - —— < d l . L .u .i t a th,s -vear rhia can be done legal- irom 861 In 1870 to 1,519 in 1880; table* nirt ii mrtn . ly *>y creating special Improvement! to 5.603 in 1890. and to 13,370 In £ £ “ 1 , 2 IL 2 11 1 districts, and levying a tax to . co-l WO» :« the next decade the uum- much of It w ii grow good * r o £ TW the 0f ,h* c,,y' *“ « | j j This land can be bought cheaply on time payments at from $10. to $15 per acre. Homesteaders Should Hurry Proof Homesteaders In this section of tho country should make every possible eftort to moke application for final proof Just as soon as they can do bo . R. M. Goshorn, regis­ ter of the Kaliapell land office, has received definite 1 instructions .that that office- will bo closed on April 30th and after that date all aplica- There will be a home talent min­ strel show put on In this city on the evening of March 6, given un­ der the auspices of tho Columbia Fulls Commercial club. Rehear­ sals have been going on for the past ten days and everything Is. rounding Into shape for a splendid evening’s entertainment. The opening overture, the end- men songs and Jokes, the afterpiece, wigs, chair covers and grease point have nil been contracted for from the M. H. ltyes Production Co., of Huron, S. t>., a concern which makes a specialty o f this service. The Kyes company has sent the la­ test in minstrel music and the Jokes are all naw and up-to-date and ab­ solutely clean and free from objec­ tionable features. J. E. Lewis, who In past years has participated in many minstrel aho^s, is to be the Interlocutor. Tom Jordan, Faye Love&ll, Hugh Stiles and 'M. S. Spink win be the end-men and the rest or the circle will 'b e mad« up of the following; H. Lokensgard, H. J. MusteU, W. E. Arnett. J. E. Moralrtette, C. -ET ClomeuB, Francis Fleming, Cecil LovealL and Herm Selvage. Mrs. Geo. D. Patten is the pianist. For the olio H D. Aten will give a violin 6olo* John Lewis a reading, Claude and George Bollok a cornet and saXaphono duet, Faye and Ce- Loveall *. Hawalin . guitax number, -Herat Selvage a song and •banjo number, Frank Bradley a trombone solo, and numbers by the Columbia Falla male quartet. Then will come the after-piece, entitled \The Coontown Thirteen Club,\ a roaring farce In wbloh 14 characters are used. The rules of the Thlrteeu club provide that at Its annuul banquet a ballot must be taken to decide nvhich one o f _ju members must commit sui- cido that* VSfy evfting. “ Tniritjen balls are handed out and one draws tho black one. The ending is la scream and makq^hi fitting finale to tl»e evening's program. The proceeds will go Into the Commercial club's treasury to bo sed for different purposes this coming summer. The admission will be 75 cents for adults, Includ- lio n »111 h „ . to He m.0« Ihroush cents. Reserved seats may be se- oured at the Hustler store and If- plan the railway company would 1 from 1S10 to 1920 they more than pay Its Just share of city taxes i doubled the federal census for 1920. shows 57.677 farms. In 1880 oulty because of this handicap 262,611 airee of lmprov- debt. It has been fleadjm(ted Then came the deflation of the summer of 1920. It smashed livestock values so that in many bases the sales price of the stook was less than had been borrowed to carry It through (he winter. This added the cap sheaf to the load of debt. The history of agriculture since 1920 has been one of efficient and! lhe u- s- land 0ffi<:0' Kaliapell, giv- almndant production, but of dtffi- I,n* lht3 1,ames ot ioV _ witnesses to 0f j be inserted lu the notice, two of )n | whom will be used in making proof. tho Great Falls office, heavy expense through by the homesteader and Mr. Goshorn Is anxious that the homesteaders may be saved much expense and lnconvience as possible «(id has asked,the Co­ lumbian to publish the following notice: Tho' United States land office at Kallspell will be discontinued on .April 30th, and the fiecorda »dll be transferred to the land office at Great Falls. After April 30th all ouslness connected with entries pending in the Kallspell office will bo transacted through the Groat Falls office Final proof on any homestead entry made before May 1, 1922,1 can be inado »before this change. It notice of intention to make proof Is glven^ promptly. If you wish to complete yotur proof before the Kallspell office is discontinued, write at once the same Interest Is shown in this show as has been in similar srents given several years ago, the house will he packed to the doors. With This Issue Columbian Dies CARD OF THANKS “ \ ¿ ” 2 (profltably > uttf • ’ .that 'the’ Vult’ wM act brought'in ed farm lands in the state which part. Much has ’been\ roduced\ thru i u 'vl11 be necessary to act promptly eggs, meats and vegetables for the order to dod(.e fu jugt share Qf ^ , haJ ,ncreased to 915,617 acres In (payment. Some of it has been 11-;lr >ou wl,h l° complete your proof J ' taxes, but rather to compel many •“ 1890, of which two-dlflhs -*|bre j quldated through bankruptcy and' be^ore tbe change Is made, towns through which It runs to (irrigated. In 1900 there were 1.-1fon^closure. A significant feature make their levies according to the 1736,701 acres of improved farm which shows the trend to he defl- talw. and which requires more or ¡laud, mare than half of which was I nitely upward is the fact ihitt this less Inconvenience and expense. ‘ irrigated. During the course of year's crop (1924) was put Jn and For the past two weeks A. L. tfi* next ten vears tbe non-iflrlgated harvested with practically no ere- Jordan, a member of the city coun- I farmer made his appearance and of dit, therefore no debt The liquid- ell. has been In Helena endeavor- ¡3,640,309 acres of Improved farm («tion this fall and winter will mark have a law passed which ¡land, a drlfie less than one-half was a definite and long vtride toward make the custom -which has j irrigated. By 1320 the federal j recovery been In practice for many years,! census »«ported il„007,278 acres i in spite of the trials and hard- and wibich the railway con^pany j o f Improved farm land in the state, ships of the years referred to, the won Its suit on, legal. If j o f which only 15 per oent was un-( fact that these same farmers ' it will not WORK DELAYED The statement in .th e last of this newspaper saying new owner of the Jordan mill would start operations lmraediate- has said that additional machinery, vera! changes in the etc., tt win ha fore the plant tion. Included In the list of new chinery and Improverfjents ;ls 38-inch surfacur, a new blower tern and other equipment. The trams will bo' repaired and a : spur built. A gravity roll ' also be installed for and come of the ol< changed around. Attorno}' T. H. ministrata«- of (the who sold tho plant, Wi city last Thursday and the report o t the dwL ssaTy for towns to create d a l improvement districts In order to levy a sufflrleut tax with which tf rural mail carrier on and starts his work next lesile Green, as carrier since Job with the Carr- grocery department, dor irrigation ditches. ¡7923 and 1921 produced Montana’ The year 1910 holds the record , greatest crops Is oro'of ctncliu ive for homestead filings In the state,; that this state, arid the men In ft. when 21,982 filings were recorded, j tan produce, and product aliunnunl- covering 4.732.806 afcijoa. {Filing* ID. »_ for the next seven years continued j --------------------- — ------- to be large, hut »beginning with There will be a party at the Elk 1918 the number of filings decreas-, Park ComimftUty house Friday eve-, We wish to take this means thanking the kind fgjends neighbors for their sympathy and beautiful floral offerings, also the stagers for the beautiful songs ren­ dered. and especially we wish to thank the minister for his loving ¡words of condolence In this our hour of sorrow, caused by the death ur dear mother and grandmoth­ er, Mrs. Sarah J. Swisher. M. L. Swisher and family. F. F. Swlshsr and family. A. B. Swisher and family. E. O. Swisher and family. As previously announced, this will be the last Issue of Tho Colum­ bian. The work of moving the plant lo Whitoflsh etarts tomorrow, and the new paper, to be known a? the Whiteflsh Independent, will be Is­ sued on March 20th. A correspondent has been se­ cured to send In Columbia Falls* news to the new paper and all the rural districts heretofore represent­ ed In The Columbian will have their news letters in the Independent. In fact, the Columbia Falls section will oe \covered\ as thoroughly as pos­ sible. We are certainly pleased to find that most of The Columbian sub­ scribers have asked that their time be extended on the new paper. We will also be ready to serve our old patrons with all kinds of Job print­ ing, and respectfully solicit a con­ tinuance of tbeir patronage. Those in arrears for subscription are asked either pay to this date or notify us to finish out the year with the new paper! C. E. CLEMENS. COUNTY ASSESSOR COMING SPECIAL NOTICE, WOODMEN!. All members of Bod Rock camp, A., are requested John Kennedy, com will he in Columbia Falls on March 11th and 12th, at the town tall, be­ tween the hours of 9;00 a. m. and 9:00 p. m., to take the assessments of property ow'ners In this section. Taxpayers may assist In the work of assessing by coming in fully pre­ pared to give the assessor the ln- 'ly all ct the aoreage filed nInfri Feh 27 wlu be a ghort upon in the state for farming p u r -: progrram mUBic 6D(j games and a , No. 5623, M. poses has been taken up under the Iul,cll wlu be served. Admission for ! attend a regular meeting on March pareQ _lve w e assessor , general homestead laws 47,882.838 > 25c; children under 10 years; 9th. n l0re will be initiation and; formatIon he requires.— Adr. acres hare been entered under the J 1()c. This Is given to help furnish the Kaliapell team will put on tk- homestead act, 3,666,836 aerps un-j the house. Come and have a good j work. Lunch der-tbe btockraising act, and 2,731,-j time and help in a good cauw, J w , 0. CLAPPER, Clerk. Mr. and Mrs. Jab. Lee spent Sun- day (B town from B if Fork« ___ , 13557207

The Columbian (Columbia Falls, Mont.), 25 Feb. 1925, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.