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fY. Vy , THE EHALAKA 'EAGLE otiopixigp.aopoki********ociimo ; • • - . * :TREASURE STATE FARA AN LIIVEStOC LAST FRONTIER OF THE COWBOY FALLON COUNTY, OLD LAND OF THE , _COW131AN, DEVELOPING iNTO FARM SECTION. Cowboys, in Chaps, helped in the First Threshing; Feud Between Shoepmen and Cattlemen is Dying Out; Mixed Farming rakes for Prosperity. Fallon county, almost„ . tive last frontier as far as the cowboy ,is concerned, is rapidly changing from a cow country into one of the hest farming sections of the state, accord- ing go James Monroe .of Ekalaka, ntember of the state board of sheep commissioners. \The first time we threshed in our section the cowboys did the work with chaps on,\ said Monroe. \One farm hand became insulted when one of the_buskiest of ---the cowboy crew Mounted the strawstack with white sheepskin leg adornments, and re- fused to evork unless regulation over- alls were employed. Cowboys Pitied Tenderfooi. \The cowboys took pity on him and let him drift away without doing him harm and just went about their work as if they were busting broncos. They claimed they felt out of place with their regulation leg adornments eliminated, and insisted on doing the agricultural duties just like they did the livestock errands.\ The old feud of the cattle and sheepmen has faded away, the Fal- lon rancher claims. Mr. Motiroe is himself primarily a sheepman, but states that diversified farming and cattle raising is the best thing to build up a country. Although the grain crop is about half of the 1915 production, prices are ao high that the farmers have made as much money this season as they did last. Prices for beef and other livestock nave increased enough to make prosperity general, he claims. Will,Improve Cent in . Farming and cattle raisingin east- ern Montana will improve from year to year, Mr. Monroe believes, Ship Us Your PRODUCE MEMEREININIIIENEN Live POULTRY Dressed Per lb. Per lb. 20c 1st Grade Turkeys 25c 12c 1st grade Ducks 17c 15c 1st Grade Hens 17c 20c 1st Grade Springs 22c (Under 2 pounds.) 10c Old Roosters 11c Butterfat ----40c We want to buy your Drekstst BEEF, PORK, VEAL AND HIDES. GREAT FALLS DAIRY PRODUCTS CO. GREAT FALLS, Mont. MENIS US YOUR Chloitons, Turkeys, Ducks Geese 'and Eggs We pay top prices. Remittances made weekly LEWIS pOULTRY COMPANY 4151,4 SOUTH MAIN. BUTTE. Iniporti of Perchereins Are Hardly \ Worth While if Standard of Stock Isn't Maintained by Constant Care •c, There are an immense number of Percherons in this country, but the low scale of care and feed makes constant importations necessary. It is not once in a hundred times that after going to the country a horse IS brought back into the ring real show form. even with a year's fitting. It is hard to•get his neglected legs and feet in shape. If a horse thas been bought young, development is arrested and his breeding power de- teriorated, for there is no standing still. Things move back or forward, up or. down. Perhaps our fondness for diamonds is and continues be- cause they qare done, finished and completed, indestructible and shine of and by themselvek without care on our part. Anything that needs continued care find effort, with a few exceptions, is allowed to cjeteriorate. MAKE BREWERIES - MILK CANNERIES WHEN MONTANA GOES ON THE WATER WAGON, IS SU%1ES- TioN ew R. AV. CRARY. Europe Has Butchered Most of Her \ Mitch CoWsinid•There Will Be Big Demand . for Condensed Milk After the War; Would Add to Farmers' Reveaue. Turn the breweries of Montana in- to milk creameries, is the suggestion offered by Ralph W. Crary to solve the problem of disposing of the state's beer foundries when prohibi- tion „becomes effective.___Mr. Crary, who is president of the Crary Broker- age company of Waukesha, Wis., is interested in Gallatin valley lands, and, of course, the future of all Mon- tana. Speaking ot the impending dry spell, he said: \When Montana goes 'dry,' own- ers of breweries will be wondering what to do with their plants. A brewery could be used for a milk condensing plant and most of the present equipment utilized. 'The ranchers of the Gallatin val- ley need some propaganda on the dairy business from beginning to end. They should purchase more dairy cows and become expert in 'feeding them. Better dairy barns are needed and many silos should be built. Mtlic- ing by machinery has now become practical and it means that a few men can handle a large number of cows. Big Demand for Milk. \A condensing company pays as much or more than creameries for milk. There is a big demand for milk products that is constantly in- creasing in this country and foreign lands. This country is now exporting more than $2,000,000 worth e_f_rnilk products every montn and of course millions of dollars worth of such pro- ducts are consumed in the United States Because of tne big slaughter of dairy coWirin Europe during the' war, trade experts predict there will be - far more milk products shipped to that continent after the war, which means a boom for that business. Adapted to Dairying. \The Gallatin valley can grow as much, if not more, feed to the acre than any other section of the coun- try. This is a wonderfully produc- tive region and is especially adapted for dairying. In 10 years Gallatin county would become one of the big- gest dairy counties in United States. The Swiss made. Wisconsin a great dairy state and now every farmer knows the dairy business and rr ne does not, is ashamed to admit R.\ He said it was the dairy business that brought Wisconsin to the front rank commercially among the states of the union. We wish to hear from growers and shippers of hay, grain, po- Woes, live stock and general farm products. WE ARE MARKETERS We hail , ft call for several . cars of choice rutabagas. Has any- one ever come your way !mating for rutabagas? It simply shows you \we are niarketers,\ and can Kell anything you raise. Trt out. ' If you haven't got a full carload; Nurely you and your neigh- bors cam get together and by co-operation increase y our earnings. We will either buy on track or handle for your account on a com- mission basis. NORTHERN PRODUCE CO. 500 FIRST AVENUE SOUTII GREAT FALLS, MONT. 1 SNOWY MOUNTAIN HEREFORDS PURE BRED NATIVES of MONTANA; RUGGED and ACCIAALATED 150 cows of the best atrains. We believe that the ;Montana ranchmen who are building up herds of cattje want bulls of the highest grade only, but that many are not yet ready to pay fancy prices and we are offering our young registered bulls with plat in *low. ROSS BROWN, Mgr. MOORE, IIMN T. EARN $4 to $10 a DAY Our graduates do. Be one of thern. Success sure for trained men. \Wouldn't' take $1,000 for what you litught me,\ says one. \Oot a job right away,\ writes another. Learn all about tractors, autos and gas engines) by the \COMMON SENSE \COUIKE : : In best 'quipped' , most practical School In Northwest. You learn mechanical prim elples,—how to operate, adjust, and repair any maker.\ tractor. You learn why yet' do tames, RI welt Ws how to tied hem..Xhance to work right in factory. on new ma - shines. 5 weeks' moments you tor good paying loh.--or to start your own bunion*. FREE Cottons In Electric Starters •nd Parm.LIghting Plants if you enroll .now. Nest term starts Jan. 2tvl Write today to - Common Sense Tractor School;680.,916 St. S.E., Minneapolis, Mien. The exceptions etnphasize the gen- eral neglect. The breeds of American origin are the work of a - few, not the result of a general impulse, and with imported stock the majority prefer to bar rather than maintain__ euality. However, we are as we are - , Said - will continne so as long as we think we can afford it and continue to buy abroad front those who have a genlus for taking pains. Suggests Eliminating Useless Horses. John Ashton, the livestock writer, is with tIte Blue Cross in France, but he got•a couple of days' furlough lately that enabled him to attend the Percheron sales and have a talk with Charles Aveline, the president of the Percheron society, whose son, by the way, has been in this country for the French remount. Charles Aveline, in con3ultation with the French government, pointed out that as they do not use stallions for war purposes, it would be just as well to clear out the present stocks at least and save the feed. It is be- lieved that the government is at least inclined to concur in this opin- ion. The allies have ample stocks of war horses that are mature, already hardened, experienced werkers. At any time a better selection of young than matured stock can be made in Europe for. feed is always compara- tively high. Few Colts Taken. This year the French government bought nearly twice the usual num- ber at an advance over the usual price, but they did not take the class most in demand tor export to the United States. Seventy-two of the 230 colts submitted for inspection were bought. A few only of the_ big ones were taken. Medium hoffelrwith conforthation action and hard bone were sent to the government studs. • It was agreed -on -ail hands that the quality exhibited had never been sur- passed, and it is, of course, always easier to find perfection of conforma- tion below the highest weight and height. Eleven Sold tor $10,180. Edmond Perriot sold 11 for $9,750. The Perriot horses are always good headed and classy. Louis Aveline re- ceived $10,180 for the same number. Four from the Jules Cohouanard stud brought $3,600 apd several more sold about as well. The highest price was given for an Edmond Per - riot colt, $1,500. Breeding operations are being car- ried on about as usual, says Ashton, aill_the acreage of crops, due to the efforts of the old men, women and children has not been reduced, though the work sometimea lacks for the want of stponger hands some- thing of the aforetime completeness and neatness of French farming. It is a question if we do well to buy the hea;lest horses unless better care is to be afforded. Weight can only be maintained by feeding. If it is constantly to be sacrificed by ne- glect, it is perhaps nardly worth con- tinuous expensive importation, and we might as well breed the type that we are willing to sustain at less ex- pense. ARTESIAN WELLS OF THE FLATHEAD OF FORTY WELLS DRILLED IN THE LITTLE BITTER ROOT, SEVENTEEN FLOWING. Government Is Investigating Possi- bility of Using the Water for Ir- rigation; Farmers Advised to Plug Old Wells, and Con Tve the Water Supply. . Line Bitter Root valley, which Iles th/11 - 11111 form - a -Flathead Indian reservation and includes an undevel- oped unit of the Flathead project of the United States reclamation serv- ice, has recently attracted attention on account of the artesian vvater that has been discovered in it, some of which is of notably high tempera- ture. Seventeen Flowing Wells. The valley was opened to white settlers in 191-0 and now\ has a con- siderable population. In 1911 a well drilled on the farm of Dr. A. II. Brown struck flowing water and Mown were afterward obtained n.t several other places. By August 1, 1915, about 40 wells had been drilled, of which 17 were flowing. Tbe United States geological survey, department of the interior, has in- vestigated the artesian water supply in order to determine to what extent it can be used for irrigation in con- nection with the surface waters. Mr. 07-E. Meinzer, a geologist of the sur- vey, made a thorough study of the valley, gathiring well data, measur- ing th . e discharge of the flowing Plug Old Wells. elle and collecting samples of well The report calf\ , the attention to water. Mr. Meinzer's report of this the necessity of casing wells properly investigation, which has just been - with heavy - pipe and - of securely plug: - published, includes the following sig- ging abandoned wells, for the leak- nificant statements: age from a few defective or aban- Artesfan supplies can be obtaine b d doned wells at low levels may prac- dn the bottom lands in chnsiderable ticaliy ruin a small artesian basin, quantitiea at low cost but on the such as the one in the Little Bitter higher lands in only small quantities Root valley. The' report concludes and at very high cost for irrigation. with specific recommendations as to lite artesian supply is securely the developn3ents that should be stored underground, wherei it can be made and gives data on the cost of preserved from year to yeaV and can sueh deveiopmenta. be drawn upon whenever desired. In Copies of this report, which is is - this respect it has an important ad- sued as Water -Supply Paper 400-13, vantage over surface supplies, which can be obtained by applying to the can not be stored indefinitely. Tn- director 'United State. Geological stead of being uaed lavishly all the Survey, Washington, D. C. NEW HOMESTEAD BILL IS SIGNED FERRIS BILL, WHICH IS HOPED WILL REVIVE STATE CATTLE INDUSTRY, IS A LAW. • Ilinnestead Unit Is Raised From 320 - Acre Alaximum to 0-10 Acres on Arid; Send Arid, Non -Irrigable and Non-Thubeml • Public Land; Con- ferees Finally Agree. President Wilson has signed the Ferris bill opening up 640 -acre homesteads for stock raising and grazing purposes. It is accounted of great importance to the western states. Will Encyurage Stock Raising. The bill passed the house a year ago, the senate one the closing day of the last session of congress, and finally agreement was reached be-' tween conferees last week. Repre- sentative Ferris of Oklahoma, its au- thor, said that a considerable part of the 300,000,000 acres of public lands in the west and the 375,000,- 000 acres in Alaska. could be utilized for stock raising under the law. Thus he said, thousands of homeless citi- zens wouia De able to gain homeb. The law raises the homestead unit from a maximum of 320 acres to 640 on arid, semi -arid, non -irrigable and non -timbered public iand. Improve- ments of. $1.25 per acre must be made by the homesteader. Departmental Prediction. The bill was strongly endorsed by the interior department, which in- formed congress that it would result in having the numner of cattle in %vest \greater than during the most prosperous days of the cattle kings.\ HAVRE MAN WINNER CORN PRIZE AGAIN H. Earl Clack of Havre has re- ceived word that he won for the sec- ond time the first prize cup offered by the promoters of the Frst Nation- al Corn show at St. Paul. His corn was in competition with the entire northwest. It was said at the show that if three ears of corn like that exhibited by Mr. Clack could be pro- duced to the hill in. Montana, the Yield per acre v;ouid be twice the average production for the state of Iowa. HOLBERT BROTHERS ARE HEIRS TO BIG FORTUNE Holbert Brothers, stallion import- ers, who have several establishments in Montana, including a sales barn in Great Falls, will share equally in the estate of their father, &M. Hol- bert, the Iowa millionaire horse im- porter. The will provides that his wife, El - ma D. Holbert, and his two sons, Thomas and Frederick B., shall con- tinue in the horse importing business and administer his estate. \The business is to b long, one- fourth to each of his two Idest sons, and one -fifth of the rem: ning half to be divided among his four younger children. \He urges his heirs to continue the business he founded, and make it the greatest business of the kind in the world and the name Holbert famous throughout the central west. He pro- vides that each of the children shall become a partner in the business as soon as they come of age and urges the girls to take an active part in the business and remain single ratker than to marry a r ,rthless lout. . He advises that the business shall be continued in Iowa, preferably in Delaware county, but does not men- tion Greeley, the present location. No figures are mentioned in the will except bequests of $50 to $150 to relatives and friends, but his estate is estimated to amount to close to $1,- 000,000. The mayor of a tough border town is about to engage a preacher for the new church. \Parson you aren't by any chance a Baptist, are you?\ \Why no, not necessarily. Why?\ \Well I was just agoin' to say we have to haul our water 12 miles.\ - • It is ,a waste - of Om' e for a married woman to advise a single girl against marriage. The singje girl has jest enough curiosity in her make-up to find out the reason for herself. a time it ought to be regarded as the ultimate reserve, to be drewilkupen only when there is a shortage In the surface water supply. Thus in years of considerable rainfall or when the supply of surface water is ample the floWing wells should be kept closed and allowed to recuperate, and in ex- ceptionally dry yearn, when the sup- plies of surface w.a&or are inade- quate, the artesian water may be heavily drawn upon. 'T'H WORLD Paris—Joffre has been made ma 7 shal of France, the highest military rank in the French army. Berlin—The - re has been heavy bet- ting on the exchange here that peace will be signed before August Lenden—The Rumanians, in their retreat, have .destroyed oil fields val- ued at S160,000,000. A Nit& mili- tary Minton superintended' the work of destruction. Ottawa --The Canadian parlidnent will open January 18, acording to a proclamation made public here over the signature of the Duke of Devon- shire, governor general. New York—Thomas Cochran, 45 years old, and president of one of the lesser New York banks, has been tak- en into parfilership with J. P. Mor- gan & company. The post he has ac- cepted is . worth $1,000 ^ , - 000 a year. Tucson, Ariz.—B. M. Clements, 79, cousin of Mark Twain, and his comrade in steamboating on the Mis- sissipei, is dead. Mr. Clements, who clung to the original spelling of the family name, came -here in the 70's. Tucson, Ariz.—Aroused by suffer- ing among the poor,and sick because of the lack of coar, the Associated Charities of Tucson, the mayor and wealthy people of the city are co- operating in the purchase and dis- tribution of wood. Washington—In an effort to ex- pand trade and , wake the United States a n international banker 'the bank of England,,will be made the correspondent of the federal reserve bank, and similar connections will be made in all the capitals of the world. El Paso --Unlike the American sol- diers of the revolutionary war, who shivered and froze at Valley Forge, the American soldiers encamped along the Mexican border have warm tents, heated by a small sheet -iron stove, wherein the wood crackles cheerily. Los Angeles --David Caplan, last of the four dynamiters Drought to trial for the destruction of the Los Angeles Times building October 1, 1910, and the death of 20 men, has been sen- tenced to 10 years in San Quentin penitentiary on a charge of man- slaughter. New York—Acting under the di- rection of the secretary of war, the American legion, a civilian organiza-' ton formed in 19 - 16 to classify men of military and technical experience as a defense measure, has turned over its records to the recently creat- ed councli of national defense and has - disincorporated. • Philadelphia—Henry Wilbert, 15 yearscasid, was a victim of the Christ- mas spirit. He playAd trutnt from school to earn monePwith which to buy his mother a Christmas gift. He was helping the driver of a delivery truck. The truck skidded and over- turned, crushing the boy. He lin- gered for a week and died. Bismarck, North Dakota — Non - Partisan league legislators and their supporters have leaned the entire 300 rooms of a hotel here for the two months' session of the North Dakota legislature. The leagub has 100 re- presentatives in the legislature and it is expected that 200 rooms will be oc- cupied by farmer members who vvill attend the sessions. Washington — Argentina's wheat harvest thia year will be one of the poorest the country has seen due to injury by drought and locusts. Con- sular reports say the amount of wheat available for export will to- tal not more than 1,000,000 tons. Normally 2,500,000 tons are export- ed. Prices in the republic are the higi =• • er known. hic,ago — After tramping the Theta for two days in an effort to obtain employment, sirs. Emily B. Miller, 27, disguised herself as a man by donning her brother's clothes _and applied for work shoveling coal. Although her hair was hidden under a fur cap, the foreman of the coal yard was suspicious and called a po- liceman who arrested her on a charge of disorderly conduct. Rome --The harvest estimates of HENNINGSEN PlIODU - CE CO. BUTTE, MONT. Week of December 25, 1916. BU'TTERFAT, perllb. 42c Write our Alarket Service Department for our latest poul- try prices, and for information and assistance in marketing your prOduce. •• the International Institute of Agricul- ture continue to indicate polar world crops. .The Argentine wheat crop is estimated at 70;000,000 bushels, one half of that of last year. Australia's wheat crop is estimated at 135,000,- 000, which,d 4 per cent better than the yearly average. For the world's 18 most imporfant countries, the to- tal wheat crop is placed at 2,500,000,- 000 bushels, 25 per cent less than last year.. ealgary—S1A-MalkAitken, formerly a lawyer of this citi \ and who made it - huge fortune in t eN,Canadian ce- ment merger, has been made a peer of the British empire. Lord Strath- cone, who assisted James J. Hill in the rehabilitation of the Canadian Pacific, Lord Mount Stephen, who was associated with Mr. Hill In the same undertakiag, and Lord Shaugh- tiessey, born in Milwaukee, but na- turalized, are the only other Cana- dians who have been elevated to the British peerage. -frr ag* A %% mall. at once N aTTAC . - P 0 • state M. N. A.—WK* 7 -1.1.17. APPENDICITIS II you have been thMatened or have CIALLITNES e INDIGESTION. GAS or pains le the right ME side. write for vsluable book of Informetks.. L. E. lesurert. Dept. .219 II.Dearbecnit..Ehiess• tiot:H1D-OoocH>opootHr.t0000000ttoo HIGHEST PRICES IR CASH HIDES, l'IIRS, PEtTS, WOOL Our 48 -page Trap Book and Illus- trated price list gives you more val- uable information than you can ob- tain from ray other house. ISENT FREE NORTHWESTER.N HIDE & FUR 00. • EsL 1890. minnespolis, MinneSOta. Reference, Any Bank. ./ S IMONEY IN ITI SNIP Furs, Hides, PCs, W.lol Nisesssolis. Hiss. Writs tor Pries', WI TRAPPE'S SIM b doss who We Is as. .. ,,i , ,,,,,t,,, OUR NEW SYSTEM FOR GRADING . ki 1.111S INSURES Y()U FULL VALUE .1'-A. MO one man can grade furs rightly At all times. That 01, 4, & • is why we have establishdd a commission of three fur '. ' , ( ' s experts who have done nothing but judge furs for years. They will i iA geed!) the furs ydtrfretiel us and price them according to the latest Artarketteports----Tivis sew system-proteete-yottr-leterests-and insurtit you full value on your furs. r COYOTES Are m Tremendous Demand - ( The large markete wo have to orjpply make., it shaointely violent Ini for nett. get 0 . strady supply of pelt& We know flint yt, way to get this In I, ,ro. tins the Intermits of thone who ship t urn to us. No entablivhe his commission to protect oursolres an niu, h d to protvet , ou. It wee 'simply good ',moneys. We mnko more In the end I , . o. lug ppm nioro. And beside*. we are en uraging trappers of high grade pel by a premluin eystem. ........_...F E Automatic revolters. not only get* 'nu tet, c sh price*. Imt aim' al‘I'll )on free. r He% nn. traps, ete. Our profit sharing lan shot rum,. trap,. and ot er things you wnnt. Ho don't pa tempted . tri send your fors elsewhere, We can mako this 'ear the hIggent,year you have ever hnd. Writo fcr our For Ciut, NPWS, Premium List and List of Prices. „All walled to you FRES. Write TODAY. I S. Silberman & Sons, 1117-1135 W. 35th St. Dopt.A Chicago, M. Fsiabliiked 1866' Larger, Fur and Wool House in America (27) •' • 'N'tr` The Bed Far House On Earth For Fur Shippers Nothing Is more Important to tho Fur Shipper than doing business with an Honest—Reliable— Responsible—Safe Fur House. Safety First—\Ship To ShuberV' the lariat House In the World dealing exclusively In American Raw Furs. where you will always reeelve an jkeurate and Liberal Assortment. the Highest Market Priem and tbe usual ' 'Shubert\ Efficient. Speedy. Cour- teous serviee. Write for tbiltatoit 480110 of _lilt MAW Inerser.' containing vaina Market information you must have. A.B.SHUBERT,I\\ 2S-27 WEST AUSTIN • AVE. aug•Trt. ISITCHICAGO.U.S.A. WE r ItSiH DES BUY For spot cash 0% VI Se% more money to von to ahip H es and Furs to us than to sell et home. Write for Price List. Shipping Tags and about our 4S0 HUNTERS' & TRAPPERS' GUIDE 2nd Edition - Silken Sleek Best book on subject ever written. Illustratee all fur animals. All about'Trappers' secrets. Deeoys. Traps oarne Laws. How to become successful trapper. A regular encyclopedia. Price $200. To our customers $1.25. Hides tanned Into robes. Prompt returns and highest market prices guaranteed tor your bldes, furs. wool, tallow. pelts and beeawas. ANDERSON BROS.. Dept. 32 . MINNEAPOLIS. MINN. 4_ r