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\ I THE EHALAII4 EAGLE. X 4 t, th I • Every fernier in NI ontana should rnad the ctinstructive farm stories appeaf-, FARMERS AND TH.E WAR ing on this page:. wisp the idea of hejping the 'Montana farmer .to grow the greatest of crops at a time when the cduntry most needs it, these stories have been prepared for this ilewsaaper hy members of the facilltY of the Bozeman Agricaltuilil College and Fiirm 'Expel iment Station experts. i 100 CONVICTS TO FARM BIG AREA WARDEN FRANK CONLEY PLANS BIGGEST PCYrATO PATCH IN TIIE STATE. Prisoners Start Work on Gigantic Garden; First Intended to Plant Large Acreage to Spring Wheat, But Considers Season Too Late;, Prisoners Like \York. • Frani( Conley, warden of the state penitentiary. is to be the state's big- gest gardener. He is farming the 3,000 -acre tract which the Anacon, da Copper Mining company has do- nated for the state's use. Conley will plant something like 1,000•acres of potatoes and root crops. The stuff grown will go to the state institu- tions. Conley has 100 prisoners at work on this tract. Included in this group are blacksmiths, engineers and men skilled in every branch of labor akin to the farm. A heavy tractor has been requisitioned from the COM- pally, and as the big machine turns over the soil, gangs of men fellow it_ up, and get the SOH in condition for seeding . The seeders follow these gangs, and the work is being done with expedition. Prisoners Like the Work. There are no laggards, aa twice as many prisoners would welcome the chance to be in the open, and the maii who soldiers is sent back be- hind the grey walls. The prisoners do 10 good hours' work every day. When the plan was broached Con- ley intended to seed a considerable of the acreage to spring 1wheat, but - changed his mind on account of the lateness of the season. So he is go- ing to plant.the biggest potato patch 'in the state, aiid prepOsee to utilize his tremendous man power in grow- ing a bumper crop of spuds. • Seed Potatoes Too High. \It seed.potatoes were not so high I would plant at least 1,000 acres to potatoes,\ said Mr. Conley. \But even with skimping potato seeds cost in the neighborhood of $30 to the atte. This would mean an out- lay of $30,000 for seed potatoei alone. So we will go in for diversi- fied gardenkng, and will devote some of oer land to beets, carrots, ruta- bagas, onions and lettuce. But at that we are going to have a potato patch that the folks will talk about.\ It is none of our business. But ev- ery now and then you will see a mar- ried couple who remind you of a mule hitched up with a thoroughbred filly. WE WANT CREAM POULTRY PORK and BEEF AND HIDES WRITE 1.1)It sIIIPPING TAGS • • • Great Falls Dairy Products Co. GREAT FALLS, MONT. DON'T OVERFEED These Are the Days When Bee YOUNG CHICKENS Keepers Should Begin Preparing for the Summer Crop of Honey WHEN HATCHED, YOUNG CHICK HAS SUPPLY OF FOOD T() LAST FOR 48 HOURS. „. Dry Bread Crumbs and Hard -Boiled Eggs Is Best for First Feeding; Then Cracked Grain; Sour or Skim „ Milk Is Useful • in Stimulating Their Grovilli.- t _ Overfeeding is one of the main reasons for the heavy losses .. that oc- cur among newly hatched chic , ks.- At hatching,. Rine the chick has 141 its body a naeural supply of food which is enough to last it for at least 36 hours. For this reason the small chicks should be v.ery sparingly fed until this natural food (the yolk ot the egg) is thoretighly absorbed. It the chicks are overfed and the yolk is not properly absorbed, fermenta- tion takes places, and a great many of the ehicks die. The first feed should be given from 36 , to 48 hours after hatching. A good feed at this time is a mix- ture of drY bread_ crumbs and hard- boiled eggs, making about one-fourth of the mixture eggs; rolled oats may be used in place of the bread crumbs. 'The sterile eggs taken from the incubator at the first test can be nicely utilized for this purpose. This mixture should be fed four or five Rifles a day, giving the chicks barely enough to satisfy their appetite and to keep them exercising, except the evening meal. when they should be given .all they will eat. Feed Cracked Grains, After the first week change grad- eally to a mixture of craceed grains. The commercial chick feeds are all right if one has only a few chickens, but if a large number are to be fed it probably will be cheaper for the poultry man to.nrake up his own grain mixture. A good one can be made by using equal parts of cracked wheat, finely cracked corn, and pin- head oatmeal or hulled oats, to which about 5 per cent cracked peas and 2 per cent charcoal is added. This should be fed untit the chicks are 2 weeks old, when they should be placed on grain and dry or wet mash. The mash is composed of 2 quarts by weight of bran, 2 parts middlings, 1 part corn low grade wheat flour and 10 per cent sifted beet scrap. This should be placed in a hopper and be available to the chicks at all times. If fed wet only enough moisture should be added to make the mixture crumbly, but never sloppy. Sour 1111k Good. If the mash is not used a hopper containing bran should always be ac- cessible to the chicks. As soon as the chicks will eat whole wheat (usu- ally in about 8 weeks) cracked corn, and other grains, the small sized chick feed can be. eliminated. Growth Can be hastened if the chicks are given sour milk, skini milk, or buttermilk to drink in place of water. • Chicks confined in small yards should be stfpplied with green feed such as lettece, sprouted oats, alfal- fa, or clover and should have fine charcoal, grit, oyster . shell and ground bone before them at all times. But the woodsman has a particular reason for loathing the copperhead a little more than he does the rattler. The latter sounda his venomous and ringing alarm before ho strikes, ' tt the copperhead attacks in stealth. One is an open foe and the other. which is quite as deadly, a hidden and HO a much more treacherous foe. M 1 —W K—.1-7- I 7. During the first warm days of spring the beekeeper should look through his colonies and see how they have come through the winter. The past winter has been especially hard on bees in Montana for ,there were very few days warm enough for cleansing flights and in many lo - cantles heavy losses are reported. Many colonies will be found in weak- ened condition and with little reserve food, and if these are properly han- dfed thos can be built up into strong colonies by the time the honey crap is ready to be harvested. The main job of the beekeeper in the spring is to get plenty of bees in nine for the honey flow. It this is eot done his work a failure. The population of the colony is reduced during the winter, and this must be corrected if the colony is to get the full honey crop. It is poor beekeep- ing to have weak colonies at the be- ginning of the honey flow from which the surplus crop is obtained. Bees Need Two Things. After brood rearing gets under way bees need two things: Room for heavy brood rearing, and an abun- dance of stores. A common error is to cramp the colony hy failing to pro- vide empty cells foe the reception of eggs. Each colony should ultimately have the equivalent of at least eight Langstroth frames, entirely full of brood, so that even a single 10 -frame hive is scarcely large enough at this season. Some beekeepers practice giving a sncond hive body during this period of heavy breeding. This is especially necessary for colonies that have abundant stores. If in early spring the weather is sultableiand if nectar is available, Spring Is Here—So Is Your Tractor `'ir A itk .10irwrINF'...0.\' • jor, tik - ak . Aivr 'tar.% ; ftli ',0•4-.4„. . • • ••• The aboye represents the AUTO-TH.101'0R in use. The sim- plest, strongbst, most efficient Tractor attachment for your Car. $140.00, f. O. b. Minneapolis, Minn. Dealers territory open. Write or %%ire The Tractor Attachment Co. O. O. CLAPPER, Manager. GREAT FALLS, MONTANA. P. O. BOX 1211. the bees will add considerably to their 'hoards . of honey, but they use it so rapidly that it is seldom that any grain in the stores occurs even during fruit bloom. Howevbr, since the weather is uncertain at this sea- son, the beekeeper should not depend too much on incoming nectar to sup- ply the needs of his bees. If they are short of stores, feed a warm thick syrup made of granulated sugar and feed lavishly. This will be stored by the bees in the brood combs and used' as needed. The syrup may be -half water and half sugar, or thicker if preferred: There is no better in- vestment in beekeeping than to give abundant supplies in the spring. Spring Howse Cleaning. On some warm day the hives, should be opened and given a spring house cleaning. At this time one wing of the queen should be clipped so that when swarniing time comes she cannot fly to the woods with the swarm. If any queenless colonies are discovered (having no brood) they should be united with colonies having queens. This can be done simply by setting the queenless col- ony on top. The stimulation to heavy brood rearing should occupy six to eight weeks previous to the surplus honey flow, and every beekeeper should know when that comes in his locality. If he is a beginner. any beekeeper who is older in the work can give that information. If a colony has a good - queen and plenty of empty cells for egg laying, is well supplied with stores, and is protected from cold and wind, one may expect a colony which is capable of storing the maxi- mum crop. WATCH SEPARATOR TO AVOID WASTE POULTRY SUPPLIES The meet complete line In Montana. Ineuhatoro, brooders, temedlen, fountains, fixtures, grain, flour, fess& hay. Write us your wants and get on our mailing Est for free catalogue. We can supply your es etc 0 want in the poultry supply line and solicit for prompt service your trade. DORSH & GREENFIELD OUTTE MoNTANA WITII BUTTER RETAILING AT 55 TO 00 CENTS PER POUND CARE IS IMPORIANT. . Separate tho Milk as Soon After Milking as Possible, and -Not After the Milk Has Grown Cold; Most linportant That the Separator Be Kept Clean Always. With butter retailing at 55 to 60 cents in the Montana markets it be- comes highly important to the dairy- nian_ to see that no butterfat is wast- ed in the ,skim milk. This means that the dairyman should own a sep- arator of some standard niake and that he should watch it carefully to keep it in the very best running con- dition. There are a number of ex- cellent separators on the market and most of them will do efficient skim- ming if they are run and cared for properly. If a separator fails to do good work, is is mora-Rften the fault of the operator than the construction of the machine. To get the best re- sults from any separator the follow- ing rules should he strictly followed. ....,.,,,Separator Rules. 1.—Set the separator level on a solid foundation and bolt it down firmly. It is v - Tell to have a piece of rubber packing under each leg of the separator to serve as a cushion for absorbing vibration. 2.—See that all bearings are clean and well lubricated at all times. Clean the bearings occasionally wth gasoline or kerosene to remove all grease that may have become gammy and thus prevent proper lubrication. 3 Use the best hand -separator oil. Never use common machine oil. 4.-11e sure to ture the separator at the propel- speed. Time it with a watch or speed indicator. 5.—In cold weather run about a gallon of warm water through the bowl to warm it before turnin ; on the milk. • Separate Warm NI ilk. 6. --Separate the milk as soon aft- er milking as possible, for the milk is then warm and in good condition to secure a clean separation. No separator will skim cold milk as well as warm - milk. The' milk should be at least 7 5 degrees Fahreitheit in tem pera lire. - 7.—W hen t !trough i m ing. flush the bowl with about two quarts of the skim milk. In cold weather, warm water may flush the machine more effectively. • 8.—Wash the separator each time it As used. Wash all separator parts first with moderately warm water containing waehing soda. When all parts are clean, scald with boiling water and place parts in a warm oven to dry. Be sure that the oven is not too hot. as it is likely to melt theilin plating from the bowl parts. Allowing the separator to go un- washed not only musics the bowl parts to deteriorate but also injures the quality of the cream. It is a fil- thy practice. THIS GREAT FARMERS' MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY Wrote Over $1,000,000.00 of Fire Insurance In the last four months for Montana farmers. becalm. It CON? 40 rim CENT LENS. Why pay exorbitant rates to the. Old Line Companies? Write for ()Ill Information. EQUITY MUTUAL FIRE - INSURANCE COMPANY 27 -28 -29 -a0 -3I Tod Mock °NEAT FALLS MONTANA. • *O....N....N...40...1N. ANACONDA COPPER MINING COMPANY'S LOGGED -OFF • LANDS. Our largest agricultural area lies in the Clarle's Fork valley, west of Thompson Falls, along the main line of the Northern Pacifie rail- way. The climate of the valley is exceptionally pleasant', character- ized by the lack of extreme heat and humidity in the summer, with a mild winter season (late in starting), the therrisOtlelrr iddom registering below zero. ThiwaFm, gentle, chinook winds from the Pa- cific have a temperate effect upon our winters. PRIZE OFFEll To Auto -Pull Owners, Users and Operators C. A. Hunt & Co. will pay *10.00 each for the three best . letters of vour actual experiences' vvith the Auto Pull; also $5.00 each for the three best photos of the machine in operation. Address all Correspondence to C. A. HUNT & CO. GMAT FALLS MONTANA. WORLD NEWS TOL 011A BRIEF - New York—John T. Nichols, a tain, the brilliant French mid mar - government investigator, recom shall. He has not accepted yet. mends shark flesh as food. New York—The Chicago, Burling- ton & Qui cy has paid $700,000 in- come tax, although _not due until June 1. Petrograd,FOr the first time wo- men are being given permission to practice law. Four were admitted to the bar in one day. New York—Another dreadnaught, the New Mexico, which has just been _launched, should hold its own with 'any battleship afloat. Detroit--Eari B. Rice, 17 years old. died of ar broken neck sustained soldiers in the trenches in Europe,\ while he was being initiated into a said ex -President Taft. high sbhooPfraternity. Hohenzollern and Charles of Haps- Minneapolis-Ef forts to draw la- bor from the United States to Cana- burg would abdicate, tlie war s w.ould be over in two weeks \ New York—Transportation of 1,- 000,000 men would take 50 per cent of the car equipment of the Ameri- can railroads, declares the American 'Railway association. This would curtail passenger service in many parts of the country till the cars could be returned. Nluch of the land was cut over years ago. Several forest fires have swept it, burning . out the slashings, leaving a condition which greatly reduces the cost of clearing and making ready for the plow. The annual average precipita- tion is 20 inches, well distributed throughout the growing season. Snow lays on the ground usually from December 15th to March 1st. The melting snow gives to this re- tentive clay soil the moisture stor- age so much needed when the crops are reaching maturity. The soil ranges from a -clay loam on the bottom land to a sandy and somewhat fine gravelly clay on the uplands and benches. It is very mellow and easy to plow when cleared, is richly Stored with all the elesnents of plant life, is a good depth and in most places, far below the reach of the auger. The sub- soil is a retentive clay, ideal for the holding of moisture. Dairying is a type of farming best adapted to the titnbered sec- tions of Western NIontana. Nlost of the land can be converted into pasture at very little expense and dairy cows will yield a splendid 'profit from the land without the necessity. of removing the stumps, although sufficient land must be put under the plow to supply win- ter feed. In connection with dairy- ing, poultry and hog raising should take an important part.'All fruits, berries and garden truck thrive.; field crops . of grain, clover, timothy, potatoes and stock roots do well. We are selling agricultural land in tracts of 40, 80, 120 and 160 acres; grazing land in such units as best suits the wants of the purchaser. You are buying at val- ues fixed by experienCed apprais- ers, stripped of promotion charges, commissions and other trimmings, which are usually addett . before it %aches the farmer. We will aid you in selecting a location that is adapted to your needs, in short to see that you are placed where you cap prosper; and stand ready at - all times to assist those who are earn- est and industrious. Our prices range from $16 to $20 per. acre, on terms of lb per cent down, balance divided into ten yearly payments bmingfi per cent interest. BLACKFOOT LAND DEVEL- OPMENT CO., DRAWER 1590, MISSOULA, MONTANA. dian farms has been ordered dischn- tinued by the dominion government. Copenhagen --A Danish physician offered to take 10,000 Berlin babies to Copenhagen and keep them. till after the war. His offer was accept- ed. . New York—Governor Whitman of New York will appoint Colonel ltoosevelt major -general of militia, the highest position in the state mili- tia. Chicago —I Health Commissioner John I). Robertson advocates a three weeks' boycott of eggs by the house- wives of Chicago to bring down the price. New York—Ex-Senator William A. Clark is in a critical condition as a result of a fracture of his hip. The accident happened when he fell down stairs. ' ' Washington—Increase Is reeorted in postal savings depoaits of' $4,- 500,000. The total deposits April 1 were $125,000,000, standing to the credit of 700.000 depositors. Washington—A bill has been in- troducedin the house'to restore citi- zenship to 50,0e0 Americans who lost their citizenship by enlisting in the English and French armies. San Francisco --A Canadian naval recruiting station has been opened here. Posters advertising for sons of pative-born British subjects to join the Canadian navy are displayed. Chester, Pa.—Sam Mantogna, 24 years old, killed another Italian near here in December of last year. tie has just been arrested after - a chase that lead, an officer 6,000 miles. Mexico City --The Mexican govern- ment, it is announced, has warned Germans in Mexico that any concen- tration of Germans near the Ameri- can border will be followed by their arrest. Detroit --Henry Ford. will release 1,000 employes to assist Michigan farmers to increase their crop pro- duction. The Men will be taken back by Ford when the farm work is com- pleted. Washington — Suprenie command of all the French, British and Bel- gian armies on the western front has been offered to General Philljje Pe- • Mexico City—American Ambassa- dor Fletcher was hissed at the open- ing of the Mexican congress, while the German ambassador was escorted to his seat by six deputies and given an ovation that lasted 30 minutes. Paris—Lieutenant Robinson, the first British aviator to destroy a Zep- pelin, for which feat he receivea the Victoria Cross, has been captured by the Germans when he ran out of gas- oline and was forced to descend with- in their lines. Chicago --\If the war lasts another year there will be a million American New York—New York has apart- ment houses in which a suite of roonis costs $3 MOO per annum. One of these apartments has 28 rooms and eight bathrooms. There are nine servants' bedrooms and a ser- vants' hall where they may rest and entertain themselves. Washington — Lord Northcliffe's offer to turn over to the American Newspaper Publishers' association the output of his print pacer mills 1.n neWfOundland has been accepted. aim Kaid - thiti -- will break the pa- per market and make prices reason- able within a few months. -- Boston—Never before has there been sucp a shortage of glaaa pre- serving jars and containers. IPLabor - problems. lack of chemicals and transportation difficulties have cut down the output 50 per cent.' The price of \lightning\ jars per ;grass has risen from $5.25 to $10.26. ChTcago--Hundreds of demands have been made by Chicago citizens that the government arrest and charge Mayor Thompson with treas- on for his utterances about conscrip- tion, President Wilson and General Joffre. Thompson aaid (7hicago did not want Joffre to visit the city. London — Lieutenant S. F. Cody, an American aviator who has been killed in France, was tho son of the late F. S. Cody, Sr.. who achieved a groat repotation as an aviator prior to the war and who died just before the war began after winning first prize in the great military airplane competition. Panama City—An attempt to es- tablish a powerful German wireless station in the mountains of Chile or Argentina has been frustrated. The Panama canal authorities held up the steamship Aysen and removed 80 crates of equipment and wire for this station. tc\ Enduring! The name Certain-Itedhas come thru the storm of business competition stronger than ever, because it stands for quality, dependability and satisfaction. Certaih-teed Certain -teed Roofing in the meet eMelent type of roof for all build - Own. It costa less to buy. leen to lay and lees tier year of ilfe. IS i/I guaranteed for 5. JO or 15 years, according to its thickness O. 2 or ply). For residences. tug) CERTAIN-TEEL/ elate surfaced asphalt shingles. InvestigaTo OERTAIN-TEED before doing any roofing. Paints and Varnishes are good, reliable products made by experi- eneed paint men and mold at moderate wices.because the enortnous organization of the Certain -teed Products Corporation re- duces dintributing and marketing, colas. Ouaranteed to give satisfaction. Insist on CERTAIN -TEED. CERTAIN -TEED PRODUCTS CORPORATION General Roofing Mfg. Co., Gregg Varnish Co.. Mound City Paint & Color Co. New York. Chicago, Philadelphia, St. Louis, Boston, amiss& Pittsburgh, Detroit, Buffalo, San Francisco, Milwaukee, Cincinnati, New Orleans, Los Angeles, Minneapolis, Ronsas City, Seattle, Ineliasapolie, Atlanta, Richmond, Greed Rapids, Nashville, Salt Lake City, Des illo:mes, Houston, Duluth, London. Sydney, H ••••••• HAIL INSURANCE THAT INSURES ogo re your 1917 grain crop In a good strong stock company that will pay every loss promptly and fn conk. A strong aggreesive Western company with over halt a million dollars invented in Montana. LIVE DANK AGENTS NVANTED. THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN FIRE INSURANCE'CO. Fire. Tornado. GREAT FALLS •••••••••••••••••••••••••• MONTANA. I I v