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• P ••• 14%4, ra,1 - EASURE STATE FARM AND LOVESTOCK WARM WEATHER GOOD FOR STOCK MANY BARE HILLS GIVE CATTLE CHANCE AT GRASS; HELPS TO SAVE HAY Large Amount of PrecipltationzDur- ‘ ing Past Two Months Has Soaked Ground and Left Unusual Reserves of Moisture; Farmers Have Reason to Hope for a Good Year. •-. The rodent warm weather ha is been a Godsend to stockmen in these parts, not so much because it has resulted In baring some sidehills of snow and so giving cattle a chance to find a little feed for themselves, as because the moderate weather has helped tleo cattle to get along with less fe t ed . from the winter stores. Below zero weather coupled with short rations, Saps the vitality of cattle fast. There has already been considerable loss of stock, especially horses, in the range sections of the state. On the other hand, the great pre- cipitation this fall has left the ground pretty well soaked and with unusual reserves of moisture for spring plant- ing. The farmers who have bezen short of moisture for three yes now, look forward with hope to a good crop year in 1920. It is, of course, too soon to make any predic- tions about that, but the fact that they are encouraged by the heavy .snow fall is dbmething gained. It will no doubt result in a very heavy acreage of spring planted grain. Farmers who are left badly in the hole by the last three years' opera- tions in grain raising have an excel- lent chance to pull themselves out by next year's' crop. The fall planting was about 30_per cent short of the year before on account of lack of moisture to start the grain. This will also have a tendency to increase the spring crop. There will be a heavy. demand for seed grain in the spring, ,and the forehanded man ,will supply his needs early thid year. (FARMERS, URGER TO GO B CI( TO INIVERSIFOEID PRODUCTOON You have heard a great deal about the problems of reconstruction that are pressing for solution. But, like most men, you have probably thought of them as tremendously big prob- lems that had to be solved, nationally and internationally, by statesmen and diplomats and high executives. They are that—but not just that. Every man—certainly every farmer—has a reconstruction problem all his own. The war unbalanced the agricul- ture of the United States by unbal- ancing the agriculture of individual farms. There had to be produced the kind of food that could be transport- ed overseas. Wheat is pre-eminent- ly that kind of food, and other grain crops are to an extent such. Very many farms, therefore, got too heavy on the side\of tilled and dereal crops and too light on the side of hay crops and pasture. Many farmers increas- ed their tilled and cereal crops be- yond what they had any basis of ex- perience in carrying. Labor require- ments were increased. Rotation practices were interfered with. To the extent that the wheat acreage was increased, because, under the exten- sive farm practice that. American agriculture, wheat is a crop that is very sensitive to climatic un- certainty, such a practice long con- tinued was likely to result, therefore, not in increased food production at all, but in' actually reduced food pro- duction. In the long run, that would be the inevitable result. Even it by some miracle the hazard of weather could be escaped, the practicq would reduce soil fertility until yields would be greatly., cut down. But, be- fore that even, meat production would be harmfully reduced. For it is as true physically as spiritually that -man does not live by bread alone. Very largely, he lives by meat. And meat animals—and 'milk animals — do not grow on grain alone'. Most largely, they grow and prodae on green g.rass and dry grass —pasture and hay: Burk -Divide Oil Co. No. 2 CAPITAL $200,000.00 PAR VALUE $1.00 160 ACRES / 11URK-DWIDE OIL COMPANY NO. 2 has 160 acres ad- joining and off-settipg the General Oil Company, who have just brought in a big protiucer estimafed at from 5,000 to 10,000 bar- rels per day, and which unquestionably proves a new p ol and ,i. of possible bigger production than the NORTHWES o the BURK-BURNETT FIELDS. THIS NEW POOL IS A AIN NORTHWEST. THESE ARE DAYS N THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE ARE MAKING INDEPE i NT FORTUNES IN OIL. WHAT ARE YOU DO I G TO ARDS GETTING YOUR SHARE OF THE : • : : FROM \LIQUID GOLD?\ Today is your opportunity to buy BURK-DIVIDE - No. 2 at $1.00 per share; in 30 to 60 , days it may be worth $50.00 per share; so don't' delay, but buy Burk -Divide aid buy today— tomorrow may be too tlate. We have let a contract with the Eugenia Drilling company for a turn -key job, and they assure us barring an accident, that they will bring in the well by January 15th. DELAYS ARE DANGEROUS. BUY NOW! The following companies are only a few of the many com- panies that have made fortunes for thousands of stockholders: $100 In Fullerton 011 Co made 5 6,180.00 $100' in H. F. & hicK. Oil Co. made 0,250.00 4100 In Caribou 011 Co made ....... 6,400.00 4100 In Kern 011 Co made 8,000.00 $100 In Winchester 011 made , 8.W0.00 $100 In Phial 011 Co made 10,000.00 $100 In Farmers Petrol- eum Co. made 10,000.00 $100 In Lucile 011 Co. made 16,000.00 $100 In Central 011 Co made 18,000.00 $100 In Quaker 011 Co made 20,000.00. $100 In John WIletneyer Co. made 20,000.00 $100 In Atlant* 011 & Gas Co. made 30,000.00 $100 In home 011 Co made 40.000.00 $100 in Texas 011 Co made 44,000.00 $100 In ColIng 011 Co. made 47.400.00 $100 In Hog Creek made 20,000. $100 In Fowler 011 Co made 12,000.00 $100 in Godley 011 Co made 7,500.00 $100 In Burk -Waggoner made 3,333.33 000 In Thrift No 2. made 1,800.00 The above opportunities are '''yesterday's\ but \today's\ op- portunity 14 Burk -Divide No. 2. LOCATION OF PROPERTY The Company's property con- sists of lee -acre placer mining claim of Red River Valley lands, adjoining and directly offsetting block AIL where acreage le now selling for more than $10,000.00 Per sore. The oil business is no longer a gambleg THE OIL OF THE STATE OF' TEXAS ALONE PRODUCES MORE WEALTH THAN THE WHOLE OF THE UNITED STATES AND ALASKA DOES IN pot.% Oil today is more necessary than add, for without crude oil (front which le made wissonne and lubricants), the big industries of the United States would be at a standstill. Oat In on the biggest game in the world, and do it today. Bay BURK-DIVIDE No. $ at 21.00 per share. WEN -DIVIDE OIL COMPANY NO. 2, Central Stock Exchange, WICHITA FALLS, TEXAS. Please eater my subscription for. . shares of the capi- tal 'tech of the BURR -DIVIDE OILCQ$WANi NO. 2, par value $1.00. En- closed • r, NAME P. 0. ADDRESS Cheeks mos Reiniteauces should be made payable te BURR -DIVIDE OIL COMPANY NO. 2. being payment in f II for same. Those are some of the reasons why the United States department of agri- culture began urging, almost imme- diately after the signing of the arm- istice and continuously since, a re- turn to sound agricultural practice— returning to pasture and hay lots, to getyer and other fertilizer -fixing crops, some of the land that had been used for grain during the war emer- gency. The suggestion has been criticised from B01110 quarters, be- cause in some quarters it has been misunderstood. Specifically, the department rec- ommended that it was not advisable to updertake to maintain the wheat acreage sown for the crop of 1919. That did not imply that the depart- ment urged a smaller food Produc- tion in the country. It did mean that the department was urging an in- crease in the food production of the countrY by reducing the hazards that necessarily play into the hands of speculators, by returning agriculture to a peace basis that, would.insure Sdequate producticrn of all kinds of food for this yedr and for other years. And that meant restoring pastures, restoring hayfields, insuring feed for the meat animals upon which.. the tables of the nation depend. This return to sound 'agricultural practice is most important to the frwrmer. But it is not more import- ant to the farmer than it is to the city man. It has to do just as much with reducing the high cost of living as with reducing the high labor re- quirernents and the fertility -drain- ing practice of farming. Wheat, officials of the department of agrkulture point out, does not key the cost of living. It is merely one of a number of co-ordinate elements. \One honest John Tompkins, a hedger and diteher,\ that perfectly contented man whose praises are sung in the old verse, had a habit of saying \If I can get meat, I can surely el bread.\ Maybe his rea- soning vas faulty. But it was not a bit more faulty .than that of some business and industrial leaders who say, by inference, \If we can get bread, we can surely get meat.\ Lack Of pasturesIs a serious han- dicap to podu1tLzi of low-cosl milk. The m n does not live who can produce e.LçonomicaJly without pasture. And just as su not live who can roduce lo -cost pork without pastu Milk! Beef! Pork! Is here a more important item in the high cost of liallirk than these? Plenty of Feed for Livestock And so the United States depart- ment of agriculture, for the good of everybody concerned, continues to urge the sort of afe and sane agri- culture that prov ture and plenty of h y—which means rhiltes plenty of iSas- providing plenty of meat and milks The farmer, unless he chose to head straight for bankruptcy, could not think of maintaining a wheat acreage equal to that sown for the 1919 crop. With decreased man- power—and farm labor appears to be just as hard to find now as it was during the war — farmers cannot maintain a materially larger acreage of tilled and cereal crops than they did with larger man -power several years ago. If they should undertake it as' a permanent policy, city, fam- ilies would not only have less meat and milk ,than they are accustomed to, but they 'would actually have less bread also. . War needs caused the plowing up of many pastures that, under peace time coliditioes, are worth more in the ecOnomy of the farm in pasture or hay than in cereal or tilled crops. Some of them are back in grass now. There are others that should go back. Specialists 'of the department of ag- riculture suggest that every farmer during 'the winter when he has leis- ure, should lay his plans carefully, work out his own problem of recon- struction, make his plans for planting the kind of crops next spring that will enable him, if not at once, then as soon as possible, to put his farm back on its proper basis of diversification and rotation. His county and. his state college of agriculture are ready to help him at any point where he may need help. The United States department of agriculture is ready to advise him on practically any phase of the matter. ly, the man does Give Your Farm a Name The farm may be named from some outstanding characteristic, as a a glen, a grove of trees, or to designate some product of the farm Or if no outstanding feature presents itself, it may be kiven a name that is distinctive for its musical sound as an old Indian name. But the farmer should take no risks of having his farm designated by the public by any such name as the \Old Smith Place.\ -• Let the World Know Having once chosen a name, the farmer should announce it to the world. He may have it on his let- ter -heads 'and envelopes, but he also should have a sign as the business man of the city has. This sign may be in the form of an attractive gateway, built of stone and arched over the entrance with lettering of stone. Or where farms are electrically lighted it may be built in such a way that it may be illuminated at night. But if either Of these plans is too elaborate the sign may be painted in bold, out- standing letters upon the barn or sign board. The advertising value of the farm name can scarcely be estimated. The products will sell much more quick- ly, since the name will help to ad- vertise their qualities. MANY NEW ITEMS IN FARM CENSU FARMERS ARE REQUESTED 1 1 0 FAMILIARIZE THEMSELVES WITH QUESTIONS ASKED Statistics Are Important; Conaider- able Figuring and Accounting Must Be Done to Answer Accurately and Fully Questions Which Will Be Put by Enumerators, products. nation will be secured which le the United States depart - agriculture to figure up the f the \agricultural ladder\— it takes the young farmer to learn the rudiments of his traqe, so that he is able to graduate frola the posit* of hired man to that of cash or share tenant, and later on to change from tenant into owner. Fur- thermore, the name and address of each piece of land in the United States will be obtained. This infor- mation will be secured by new gees- tions, such as: How 'mapy years, if any, did you work on ,a farm for wages? How many years have you been, or were you, a tenant? How many years have you farmed as an owner? How long have•you opera this farm? If you rent all of this farm what do you pay as rent? If you rent any farm land from others or manage any farm land for others, give name and address of owner of land. Many Values to be Given Other new questions in the coming census involve the amount of land from which no crop was harvested this year because of crop failure; crop land lying idle or' fallow in 1919; pasture land in each farm. The farmer is also requested to give the total value of his farm January 1, 1920, as well as the value of all buildings on the farm and the value of implements and machinery belong- ing to the /arm. If any encumbran- ces exist against the property, he is asked to specify the total amount of debt on the land on the day the cen- sus is taken, and the rate of inter- est he pays on this debt. Under the head of farm expenses each farmer is asked to state the amount expended in 1919 for hay, grain, mill feed and other products not raised on the farm which he used as feed for domestic anImais and poultry; the amounts of cash expend- ed for manure and fertilizer and for farm labor, exclusive of housework. He also is to give the estimated value of the house rent and board tur- n - Med farm laborers in 1919 in ad- dition to the cash wage. Special attention is also given to the matter of drainage, particularly with regard to the area of the -farm which has been improved by drainage and whether a drainage or levee dis- trict Or some form of stock company was organized to handle drainage. He is asked to tell the amount of land provided with artificial drainage and the additional area needing drainage, with respect to that needing drain- age only, drainage and clearing or clearing only. The statistics for the crop and livestock reports are quite similar to those used during previous years, although some minor 'modifi- cations have been made. Farm Facilities -- There , are other new items listed under the caption of farm facilities which Include particulars regarding the number of tractors on the farms, the number of automobiles, motor trucks, whether the farm has a tele- phone, water system and gas or elec- tric lights. Information is also re- quested as to whether there is a local co-operative marketing club, and farmers are asked to give the value of all farm products sold through or to such organizations in 1919, and also the cost of supplies purchased Through the Montana Commission- er of agriculture and' publicity and through other agencies, the United States department of agriculture, act- ing in an advisory capacity to the bu- reau of the census in preparations for taking the 1920 census, is urging the farmers of Montana to acquaint themselves as thoroughly as possible with the requiremenAs and -makeup of the census questions. Because the farmer um - rally is busy in the early spring, and also because the farm herds and flocks are not as replete at this period as at some other season, the date of the census was changed to January 1, instead of April 1, and the farmers are asked to assist in facilitating the work. Considerable figuring and account- ing must be done by the farmer—al- though the computations- are in bo respect as complicated as those es- sential in figuring his income tax re- turn—to answer accurately and fully the questions which will be put to hint by tho enumerator. Many of those questions cover subject mat- ter heretofore not included. As the statistic obtained from the agricul- tural census will largely determine the future land policy /of the federal government, it is considered every farmer's duty to make individual an- swers as accurately as possible. Such information involves some little study on his part previous to the appear- ance of the enumerator. Scope of Statistics The agricultural census statistics are divided Into . facts covering farm tenure, farm acreage, farm encum- brances, farm values, farm expenses, users of the land in 1919, drainage crops produced in 1919, livestock maintained, including an enumera- tion of the various numbers of each class atid grade on every farm, farm facilities such as tractors, automo- biles, trucks, and other farm conven- iences, co-operative marketing, pure- bred anirpals maintained, fruits, nuts and for Infor will en ment length how lo through the assistance of such an as- sociation. Complete information is also asked regarding the orchard fruits, sub- tropicaLfrpits, nuts, small fruits, fruit pfoddrts, grapes or grape pro- ducts and greenhouse and hothouse products and equipments which are used on each farm. In order to ascertain the timber • ad lumber resources of each farm throe forestry questions are asked: The number of acres of merchantable timber, consisting principally of trees of saw -log size; the value of all for- est products of the farm at the date specified which have been sold or are for sale; and the value of \all home- grown forest products which have been or will be used on the farm. EXPERIMENT STATION COMPLETES 25111 YEAR The following notes are taken from the twenty-fifth annual report of the Montana Agricultural experiment sta- tion, F. 11: Linfield, director: \The asperiment station work be- gan in 1893-94 with four members on the working staff. The staff at present includes 28 workers, an in- crease of 650 per cent. \During the year 1917-18 the ex- periment station published bulletins, pamphlets and circulars with a total number of 3,339,000 pages. \The present horse barn was built to erovide accommodations for the horses needed on 160 acres of land. Our land area is now,about 900 acres and this building is wholly inade- quate for our work.\ \Agriculture is not one, but a group of activities, and as no farmer can cover in his practice the whole field of agriculture, but must special- ize to a considerable extent, so the experiment station, if it is to do ef- fective work, must divide its field in- to sections, each section in charge of a specialist.\ \The first farm management work undertaken was a survey of a group of irrigated farms in Gallatrn county. The results of this study clearly de- monstrated that success in farming does not depend entirety on - large yields of crops or on the productive- ness of the livestock, but also upon such - an organization of the farm . business as will utilize all the farm t r e e n so t. uces to tlie fullest possible ex - More Cows Needed on Farms \Dry land farmers who kept a few head of cows on their homesteads were not driver, out by the drouth,\ says W. H. Fluhr, state dairy inspect- or. \Many others were unable to make a living when the dry weather ruined their crops: It shows the value of milk cows to the average farmer.\ Mr. Fluhr talked generally - Ton the problems of dairymen and dairy manufacturers. He said that he in- tended to call a meeting next month in Helena of all of the dairy manu- facturers to discuss and • perhaps adopt a series of resdlutions passed by the federal relief commission at a meeting in Omaha late in the fall. These resolutions have to do with the manufacturers of dairy preducts. Since the producers are also interest- ed in these problems they will pro- bably.be invited to attend. ' \The cold weather had a serious effect upon the dairy business,\ said Mr. Fluhr. \It emphasizes the im- portance to the farmers of building barns for their milk cows. A cow can not produce profitably when she has not protection from the cold. The sooner the farmers who milk cows real e this they will see how a ors will be rewarded.\ Mr. Fluhr laid stress upon the im- portance of )p co eration between the dairy manuf cturers and he urged that the producers likewise work to- gether, not only among themselves but wit?f the manufacturers as well. o • Tim Grass Killing Off Stock Tan grass Which is found near lakes and slough a and which is being fed this winter because of the sear - city of hay is thought to be respon- sible for the loss of cattle that is oc- curing on the Fort Peck reservation and south of the river from this point. One of the largest outfits in this part of the state has lost about 20 head while some of the smaller ranchers and farmers report losses of one or two head of stock each. This tan weed, Is of the buckwheat family and matures late around sloughs and lakes. The symptoms among the stock affected are all the game. There is a noticeable scour- ing which is sometimes followed by a fit, and if death results . the animal apparently experiences no agony. Upon examination it will be discover- ed that the organ known as the small- er stomach has become badly in- flamed. Dr. Augustus Barden, fed- eral veterinarian is conducting an in- vestigation. Beatrice—Is it ue that sailors have a girl in ever' port? Midship- man Harold—Well, I'd hardly say that—there were several places we didn't touch on our cruise.—Judge.. For 34 years Becker Bros. have been grading furs right up to 100%. Other houses may quote higher but the honest grading of Becker Bros. brings the biggest check. We Pat' Transportation No commissions deducted for handling. We pay ql1 - shippini charges. This saves about 10% and insures you 100 cents on every dollar's worth. WRITE US TODAY Get the Free Price list and detail of our special bonus offer. 'MCKIM BROS. ai CO. Dpt.4469 42011. Ihsticre lt, Ogee Dpt.4469 129W. ath St, Were Tod Ilpt.24419 200W. Dodo St.. Sot Blasi FRANK - LEMMER TAXIDERMIST Game beads and birds mounted true to life. Horse and cow hides tanned or made into coats or robes. GREAT FALLS, MONT. Tell us the kind of furs you wish to have tanned and made up. You furnish the raw hides, we tan. We dress, make op In our plant. We tan and man- ufacture coats, robes, glove., mittens, c a pa, vests, rugs, la- dies' furs, etc., and do taxider- mist work. Try us — tell your friends. Send for Beaver Coat letter—tree circulars. Write now. W. W. WEAVER Custom Tanner and Manufacturer READING, MICHIGAN MINNEAPOLIS,MINN. - ..trunirmratrartrwminkslas \nrijr 7 1irari l l - • ,..1 _ ' - 1 A 71, • trt . II ) '41ti... 1 . 4 , Ni.4 I NE ELSE, FOR FURS AND In most cases our • highest, as thousands regular customers Give us a chance our statement. Remember our guarantee and ship L. FURS HIDES PAYS testify. money HIDES prices to at MORE are of our prove back once. _ Mall Wel / tans IL•11.M1.11.• 1 ST. PAUL HIDE & FUR L GREAT FALLS, MONTANA Will.f1.1111T1 Ili I Mt rILS1.11111 /11 CO. I rl 71./1./lk.. w RIXON & AGiti t post.ttst.. BOSTCH HIDE .W001. & Ft1R GREAT FALLS.MONT. HIDES, FURS SHIP BY POST, Express or Freight and receive full value, correct weight and prompt returns. Write foc price list and shipping tags. BOSTON HIDE, WOOL & FUR CO. WRIXON & AGNEW Largest Fur, Hide & Wool Dealers . in the Northwest P.O. Box 1684 Great Falls, Mont. FURS AND HIDES ARE MONEY We pay highest prices because a shipper is always slven the benefit of a doubt. Rest of all, our check Is certain profit—the check of partnershipcbetween receiving house and shipper. We will return all shipments and pay charges both ways if our returns are not satisfactory. What could be fairer? Send for shipping tags. • LEWISTOWN HIDE & FUR CO. LEWISTOWN MONTANA T sfihTr R S s AVED $8.14 and T S By Shipping to the Stock Yards, He was offered 6e a pound for 20 steers at home, but shipped 18 of them here. He received Sc, so that, attar deducting for shrinkage and expenses of shipping, he got 28.14 more for the 18 shipped and had two steers left besides. WE CAN DO AS MUCH FOR YOU Send for our Weekly Market Letter and Plan of Community Shipping SPOKANE UNION STOCKYARDS P. 0. Box 2185, Spokane, Wash.