The Ekalaka Eagle (Ekalaka, Mont.) 1923-current, September 28, 1923, Image 5

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• * THE EKALAKA EAGLE • 4 AMPLE RAINFALL IN TRIANGLE THIS YEAR --STATISTICS 840W THAT PRECIPI- TATION WAS HEAVIER IN JUNE AND JULY THAN IN BUMPER YEARS COMPARABLE TO 1915 &1916 Possible that the Greatest Agricultural Area in the State of Montana May Be Coming Back into its Own After Six Years of Drought Is the \Triangle that great agricul- tural area in the north central part of Montana, which has suffered from •drought for the past six years, \corn - 40 back?\. Is it going to once more resume its old position as the greatest -agricultural area of the state? These are questions with which the Extecsion Service of the State College at Boceman is concerned at this time. The fact that the \Triangle\ might be coming into Its own once more through rainfall to replace the long drought, is contained In figures gathered by P. Patton, statistician, showing a greater rainfall it the \Triangle\ during June nnd July of this year than for a corre- sponding period of 1915 and 1916, the years of tamper yields. , \This is 1.`te first year since 1915 and 1916,\ he says, \that the rainfall has been ample to give crop yields that would be comparable to those of the two bumper years.\ The following table, showing the amount of rainfall in inches, better compares the two previous years and the present season: 1915 1916 1923 June _3.85 in 4.03 in. 5.891n. July 17 in. 5.90 i1. 4.33 in. Total ...6.52 in. 9.93 in. 10.22 in. The months of June and July are considered the two most critical per- iods of the growing season. In either one the crop, after it has gotten a start, may be absolutely ruined. If spring wheat lives through until Au- gust only the most extreme conditions can cause a total loss. The year 1913 compares in many ways with the years of 1915 and 1916, when the average yield of wheat on summer fallow was 30 bushels per acre and In some individual cases ran us high as 50 and 60 bushels per acre. The distribution of the rain fall over the two months period was about the same. In 1 9 1 5 there were 81 days of rainfall during June and July, or over a 61 -day period, making an average of a rain just about every other day. During June and July of this year there were 28 days of rain- fall, approximately a rain every other day also. Too, during this period of 1015, there were only four days in succession while it didn't rain. This year the longest dry period during the two months %VHS six days. When the foregoing table of precipi- tation is compared with the following one of several poor years. It can readi- ly he seen how the farmers in the \Triangle\ have been benefited this year over those years just ,previous: 1917 1918 1919 June _1.43ln. 1.45 in. 1.6.'31n. July .45 in. .75 in. .12 in. Total .. 1.88 in. 2.20 in. 1.80 in. However, this article should not con- vey the impression to readers that there Is going to be a bumper crop in the \Triangle\ this year. But the fact that the rainfall of the past tieheon has been comparable to the rainfall of 1915 and 1916 should carry a ray of hope to those farmers of the dis- trict who, through their gardens, poult- ry, cattle, dairy herds or some other diversified base, have been able to \hang on\ through the six years of drought. There are two reasons, chiefly, why this year may not see a bumper crop In the \Triangle even though the conditions have been extremely favor- able. First, there is to be taken into consideration now the control of pests and insects, like the grasshopper, not necessary during the bumper years. Second, idle land has been a breeding place for weeds rind these may have crowded out some crops. Probnbly few •farmers planted large crops this year. There have been long and continuous periods of drought and many have been discouraged. Some have left the \Triangle\ entirely while others have stayed with their land through some system of dii•ersion. Reports from various counties with- in the \Triangle\ received by the Ex- tension Service say that the crops this year will be very good. The report from Teton county is to the effect that the crop will be \the largest ever har- vested with the possible exception of 1916.\ In Chotenu county it is report- ed that some very good yields will be harvested, while . The Blaine county crops are said to be in splendid con- dition. , Weather conditions, and particularly rainfall, are very erratic nnd It cannot he told from year to year what condi- tions will prevail the following season. It can only be said that because of the precipitation of 1923 possible for stor- nge for 1924, the next year may see some fine crops. However, the crops will he dependent upon the weather during the four growing months of 1924, a thing which cannot he foretold. Possibly He Is Right Jud Tunleins says when he was a boy he thought maybe he'd be presi- dent of the United States—and he still thinks he has as good a chance as a lot of better-knowa eandidates. 41.4rammawasso•••••••komb••••••••••••••=e4ob•iso HOUSEHOLD HINTS Prepared by the Home Economics Department Birch wood or beach is best for handles on cooking utensils. Rubber handles shrink, swell and burn. Cooking utensil. , should be kept smooth. A wire ish cloth is very useful in removing burned -on food. \ Steel knives shoot not be permit Wad to becomelatt. Cogs In utensils, such as in egg beaters, should not be washed with watel. as they are hard to dry. They should be oiled carefully but frequent- ly to make operation easy. Coating utensils which are put away for a while will prevent rusting. Par- affin or unsalted fat may be used for this coating. Dents In wood utensils, such as steak planks and the like, may be re- moved by placing a very wet cloth pad over dent and applying hot iron to pad. This forms steam which will draw up the fibre of the wood. Lemon juice or vinegar are acids to use in cleaning utensils. Oxalic acid, hydrochloric acid, salts of lemon land citric acid should be used carefully as they are poisonous. The sometimes cloudy condition of ammonia Is usually indicative of good quality. Only mild abrasives as whiting or bon ami should be used in scouring so soft a metal as aluminum to avoid scratching. Only clean eggs should he used for preservation. They must not be washed as this tends to admit bacteria. BAKING 18 GOOD TEST FOR PRESERVED EGGS The best method for testing preserv- ed eggs is using them in baking pop- overs, tests conducted in the bacteri- ology department of the State College at Bozeman have proven. This is true for two reasons; the raising of the popovers .is dependent upon the eggs, no baking powder being used, and they have such mild and delicate flavor that the taste of the eggs is more apparent than in most baked foods. The fol- lowing receipt is a good one for so testing the eggs': 1 egg, Si cup bread flour, 7-16 cup of milk, 1 4 teaspoon salt, 1 4 teaspoon melted butter. Bolling. is also a good test for pre- served eggs. Often preserved eggs teste different through lark of an ac- customed flavor rather than the pres- ence of an objectionable one. GET BEST RESULTS FROM CORN CROP BY FEEDING IT Silo is Absolutely Necessary to Effect This Great Saving—Crop Promises Better Than Expected This Year The corn crop promises better than expected this year, according to the county agent at Fort Benton, Mont., but to get the most out of It the entire crop should be used for feed, and to do this at the greatest saving a silo is an absolute necessity. The overhead silo is probably out of the question but the pit silo is an easy matter. Too, the pit silo is particular- ly adapted to conditions in the Fort Benton district. It Is cheap, efficient and permanent and can be built easily at odd times without skilled help. The cash outlay for a pit silo need not he more than the cost of 30 to 40 sacks of cement, says the county agent. His calculations on the pit silo may be taken as authentic for there are more than 30 pit silos In Choteau county and the owner of every one of them is thor- oughly satisfied and consIdera it a very important part of his farm equip- ment. A silo will save from waste at least 90 per cent of the corn crop fed and there is no waste of the coarse stalks. Besides', the silage is the only source of dependable succulent roughage over winter. A pit 12 feet across and 20 feet deep will hold about 40 tons. From an over- tire field of corn this year, such a silo can be filled with seven or eig4t acres of corn. This will provide enough feed for 15 head of stock for about five months when a little straw or dry matter is fed with it. The same acreage, fed as cured fodder, will hardly go more than half as far. In addition, when the first batch of allege 18 fed up, good ellage can be made from the cured fodder any time dur- ing the winter and spring. Last year, as an example of the ef- ficiency and saving accomplished by the R110, one farmer who had in 18 or 20 acres of corn and n little pit silo holding about 20 tons, fed out 11 head of young cattle as baby beef, refilling the Alio twice, and using dry fodder In addition for roughage. These 18 or 20 acres of corn made him more money than any other crop on the farm. You can do the same thing. Good Comparison \Gratitude Is measured out same as de meal in de restaurant,\ said Uncle Eben—\de bigger de tip, de louder de 'thank you.'\ Best Plan to Get Good Cows Is to Raise Them Profitable dairy cows may be secured in two ways. First, they may be pur- chased. This is. no doubt, the most expensive way, but necessary in many cases in order to get a start. In pur- chasing cows you take chances on get- ting individuals not as good as they look, for often the best judges of dairy animals are fooled in the value of cows. Then, also, there Is time chance of bringing in diseases such as tuber- culosis, contagious abortion, and udder. troubles. says J. P. LaMaster, chief of the dairy division of Clemson college. The second and best way to get good profitable cows is to raise them on jrour farm. All dairy cows depend for their value on the inherent ten- dency to convert feed into milk and on their proper growth and develop- ment. That is, they must have well- bred ancestry. Although the cows you now own may be grades and poor grades at that, you can insure the value of your future herd by breeding these cows to well-bred pure bred A well-bred bull is not only a regis- tered bull, but one having a sire com- ing from a line of high butterfat and milk producers, and out of a dam with a good butterfat record, nothing leas than 400 pounds in one year, she also having come from a line of high producing ancestry. The tendency of the normal cow is to revert to the original wild cow which gave only enough milk for her calf; so unless by selection you in- crease the ability to produce, you will soon have only boarder cows which will not pay you for the feed they eat or the labor necessary to manage them. The most profitable system of dairy farming is to have the most of the cows freshen in the fall. In order to do this it is necessary to breed the cows during November, December and January. If you do not have a good bull or do not live near a fanner who owns a good bull to which you can breed your cows, begin now to locate one for your own use. The dairy di- vision of Clemson college will assist you in locating a good bull. Plan Outlined to Avoid Grassy Flavor in Milk When the herd is first placed on pasture or is turned into clover or al- falfa, a grassy taste is often causea In the milk for a short time, not only making the milk objectionable to trade, but affecting the butter taste as well. This can usually be eliminated by starting the herd on a change of pasture, or a pasture from confine- ment, gradually. Do not leave the herd on the new pasture too long the first day—a few hours in the morning or afternoon, supplementing this with some grain and a dry roughage such as silage. The silage can best be saved during the time of good pasture, after the cows have gradually been allowed more time In the pasture, as It will make a good supplement for poor pastures later in the summer. After a week or ten days, cows producing twenty pounds of milk a day or less will need little if any grain on good pasture. For heavier producers, feed a pound of grain for each six or eight pounds of milk produced per day. A mixture of 400 pounds of ground corn, 200 pounds ground oats, or bran, and 100 pounds of cotton seed meal is recommended by the Purdue dairy de- partment. Cottonseed meal is espe- cially good at this time, to produce a firm butter with better quality, as well as to tend to check the laxative ef- fects of a fresh pasture. A liberal sup- ply of salt should be available to herds on pasture at all times. Ohio Cow Makes Record of Five Sets of Twins The Ohio Station Bulletin 7 makes note of a cow in the station herd that is reported to have dropped five sets of twins out of seven times calving Twinning has also been rather com- mon in other closely related cows in the herd. The possibility of estab- lishing a family of cows which would produce a high percentage of twins is suggested, but it is pointed out that of the nine sets of twins recorded six sets were male and freemartin and three were males. Good Cows Will Always Pay Biggest Dividend Just because a poor milk -producing !ow pays you a return, do not cuff- lude that scrubs pay. This is an un- usually productive year for dairy cows, and with cheap feed you should make money on any sort of animal. Good cows will pay you a still greater re- turn. Watch Cream Separator to Conserve Butterfat Many farmers are losing consider- able butterfat because their separat- ors fail to skim clean, say dairy ex- perts at Iowa State college. Reports received from over the state show that skim milk often has from one - Nth to onefourth per cent fat in it. This could be Raved by adjusting the cream screw on the separator. Cream that tests high will keep longer and grade higher than that which con- tain* Considerable skim milk. Conflagtation Raging in Tokyo After the Quake This photograph, taken the day after the first, earthquake shocks, shows the conflagration sweeping through fokyo. In the center is the Imperial theater. Freak Result of the Convulsion of Nature Here Is a ble Wet, one of those that plied the streams near Tokyo, hurled from the water upon a bridge. Refugees on the Shattered Railway From Tokyo Group of refugees In a shelter of bamboo erected hastily on the line of the main railway leading out Of Tokyo- Hundreds of thousands thus remained hungry and destitute for many days. •

The Ekalaka Eagle (Ekalaka, Mont.), 28 Sept. 1923, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.