The Ekalaka Eagle (Ekalaka, Mont.) 1923-current, November 20, 1925, Image 2

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THE EKALAKA EAGLE u NDER present conditions suc- cess in the beef cattle industry is absolutely dependent ttpon good breeding and proper feeding.\ These words spell the doom of the old time cow business in Montana. They are taken from the latest bulle- tin of the Montana Experiment Sta- tion, \Winter Feeding of Beef Calves\ by C. N. Arnett, R. C. Mc- Cord and J. O. Tretsven. With these cold matter-of-fact words, the glamorous cattle industry of yesterday which furnished the theme for song and story, slips quiet- ly into the past. They furnish the climax to the old story and the intro- duction to the new one that is now being written. They come at the end of a long series of events and chang- ing conditions which pointed to the inevitable obliteration of the old- tirne range cattle business. Several years before the war the range steer started slipping. More and more finished cattle were cOming to the market places and the four- year -old from the ranges of the west was gradually being crowded into on- scurity. With the coming of the war and the great demand for food, the western steer experienced a little comeback. All meat was in demand and the old-time range business took on a new lease of life. The revival was short lived, however. The de- flation after the close of the war sent the business into its lowest depths. The struggle to come out of these depths has been going on for five years. The effort was hopeless. The thinning ranks of the old range producers made the struggle more and more feeble and now it appears that the last word, \Finis is being written. But out of the wreck of oil busi- ness a new and more enduring one is being built. It is but another case of \The King is dead, long live the King.\ Progress has again shoved the old aside to make room for the new. The well bred, well fed calf is tak- ing the place of the four -year -old steer. The Montana Experiment Station is blazing a trail that the new busi- ness may proceed in the right direc- tion. It is engaged in a series of ex- periments with different kinds of Montana grown feeds to determine which is the best and the most eco- nomical. The bulletin referred to on \Winter Feeding of Beef Calves.\ is a report on these experiments giv- ing a detailed account of the feeds used, their various combinations, the costs and the results obtained. The winter feeding of beet e,alves is an old established business in the L. : TREASURE STATE FARM AND LOVESTOCK MONTANA BANKS GAIN DEPOSITS Good Itreeds Properly Fed Mean Success in ,Cattile (Wont the Nfontana State Collage). For fattening calves for spring sale a heavy grain ration must be fed according to the results of experi- rnents with five lot calves. The calves were fed for an average of 150 days. During the feeding period the calves averaged a gain of more than 250 pounds per head or an average daily gain of 1.69 pounds. The av- erage daily ration per head was 6.39 pounds of krain and 8.81 pounds of hay. Figuring grain at $1.50 per hundred pounds and hay at $10 a ton, it cost $8.27 to put on 100 pounds of gain. At the end of the feeding period the calves \were in good condition for killing purposes\ but it was estimated that it would have required 50 days more feeding to make the calves prime. For bringing calves through the winter, turning them out on pasture during the spring and summer for fall marketing, straight hay rations, as well as hay with a small amount of grain and hay with sunflower tillage were tried. The hay with the small amount of grain produced slightly better gains than the hay alone or hay and silage but, \The calves fed on hay alone made good growth and were in excellent condition to turn on grass at the close of the feeding per- iod. The hay and medium grain ra- tion, when fed for 149 days, did not give a satisfactory finish and market condition at the close of the feeding period. It is a question whether the difference in condition at the close of the grazing season would pay the difference in cost of feed.\ Sunflower silage added to the hay ration provided a slightly better con- dition but gains were almost the same as with straight hay. Whether silage would pay depends upon the cost of hay and silage. It takes 3.2 pounds of silage to replace one pound of hay. From the standpoint of hay, a mix- ture of timothy and elflike clover produced slightly better results than alfalfa and the mixture caused less trouble from bloat and scouring. The bulletin closes with a caution that small late calves do not make satis- factory gains on course. rough feeds, because of lack of capacity. Copies of the bulletin may be ob- tained without cost by writing to the Montana Experiment Station, Boze- man, Montana. SlUPERINTENDENT LARSON SAYS HEALTHIER CONDITION IS NQW SHOWN Total Resources of 147 State Bank- ing Institutions Have Been In- creased $1,508,687 Since June 30; LOttllS 1110 DiSCO MUCI1 Less. Total resources of 147 state banks and two private banks in Montana have gained *1,508,087 since the report of June 30, 1025, according to the statement issued by Jay G. Larson, superintendent of banks. Total resources on June 30 were $77,804,877, while the total on Sept. 28 was $79,014,596. A decrease of $298,968 is shown in loans and dis- counts, overdrafts, stock in federal reserve banks, furniture and fixtures. The statement reflects a healthy con- dition, according to Mr. Larson, with financial institutions regaining sta- bility. The average reserve June 30 was 22.6 per cent, while on Sept. 28 it was 24 per cent. Undivided profits in the 149 insti- tutions reporting show an increase of $142,787, the total June 30 being 3716,413, while Sept. 28 l it was $859,200. Demand deposits have gained $1,646,962 during the three months from a total of $37,339,239 on- June 30 to $38,986,202 on Sept. 28. Savings deposits show an in- crease of $32,149 from a total of $10,850,147 June 30 to $10,882,296 on Sept. 28. The amount due to war finance shows a decrease of $78,119 from $204,436 on June 30 to $126,- 316 on Sept. 28. The recapitalization shows an in- crease in total deposits during the three-month period of $1,359,160. from the June 30 mark of $66,663,- 211 to the Sept. 28 mark of 68,012,- 371. State banks are carrying an excess reserve of $9.564,259. The re- serve Sept. 28 totaled $16,365,496, while the reserve required is $6,- 801,237. Cut!cure Soothes Baby Rashes. That itch and burn with hot baths of Cuticura Soap followed by gentle anointings of Cutlcura Ointment. Nothing better, purer, sweeter, espe- cially If a little of the fragrant Cutl- cure Talcum Is dusted on at the line tsh. 25c each everywhere.—Adv. State Takes Grain Ju ging Honors 3rd. Time on Coast states further to the east, but few of (From the Montana State Oollege)• their practices are applicable to Mon- T IS altogether fitting that the tana. state which produces some of the Feeds are different, winter condi- finest quality grain crops in the Hong are different and Montana has country should also be represented a problem of its own in overcoming by the best judges of * grain. Mon - the handicap of distance from mar- tana's record at international exhib- ket. Consequently the Montana Ex- its at which the grain crops of this periment Station is proceeding along state were pitted against the finest original lines to work out the feed- products produced in this nation and Ing problems of the state. Canada, clearly proves her claim for The experiments already conduct- leadership in grain production. Last ed which must be considered as but year the Treasure state won 27 per the beginning of the work, point out cent of the prizes offered in the certain basic facts. The first of classes entered at the International these is that it does not pay to feed Wain and Hay show at Chicago. ir ecrub stock, and that the kind of record that waa not even approached feed used will depend to a consider- by her nearest competitor. able extent upon the cnrrent price The claim to highest honors in the for cattle and for the different feeds. field of grain judging are supported It is significant and a point in Mon- by equally significant figures. For tames favor to note that Montana the third time in as many years a hay, grown in the higher altitudes, grain judging team representing has a higher feeding value than the Montana State college has won the hay grown In the middle western Pacific International championship states. at the Grain and Hay show at I'ort- The experiments are bared on two land. Competing with the best different marketing systems. The judges from western states and from first is to take the spring calves. start western Canada, Montana has come feeding before they have lost their out ahead for three successive years. milk fat and fit them for market in To win an International contest ia a the spring; and the second is to f4ne featehr in the cap of any Institu- bring the calves through the winter Ulm and any state. To win twice in in the best poesible condition for succession is a remarkable perform - turning them out on pasture in the (ince. and to win three years in a spring so that they will be ready for row is an unpararlleled achievement market the following fall. R. B. Tootell of Great Falls, T. F. CHILDRE N CRy goric, Teething for Infants in To avoid imitations, always look for the signature of Z 1 4 1 ) 1 446/ Proven directions on each package, Physicians everywhere recommend it. Drops and arms and MOTHER:— Fletcher's Cas- toria is a pleasant, harmless Substitute for Castor Oil, Pare - Soothing Syrups, especially prepared Children all ages. • VACCINATE DURING ANY WEATHER WITH BLACKLEG LEDERLE AGGRF,SSIN SAVE ioo PER CENT One dose, Costing 18 CENTS, Protects; During Ufa Aggressin is approved by Montana State Veterinary Department. United States Bureau of Animal Industry, an Veterinary Surgeons and all cattle men who have used IL LEDERLE 6.GORESSIN le the Mat word la Blackleg Vac- cination. Mrs. E. M. Knowles, Helena, Montana, state distrihntor for LIDDERLE VACCINES, Aggressin, Anthrax Abortion, Hemorrhagic Septicaemia. nog Cholera, White Scours—all preventative and curette* Biologies. Suggest to your Veterinary Surgeon the nee of LEDERIA products. Aggresain in 10, SO and 60 -dose packages. Strand of Christina and H. L. Cales. of Kalispell, were the members of the Montana State college team who retained the grain judging cham- pionship for Montana this year. The last two students are juniors spec- ializing in agronomy at the College of Agricalture. The first is also a junior. specializing in agricultural education. They are all three out- standing students. Mr. Tootell won the Alpha Zeta cup during the first year at college for being the out- standing etudent of agriculture in the freshman class. Professor I. J. Jensen of the State college agronomy department has the high distinction of coaching the three international championship teams. Two years ago he was as- sisted by E.N. Wessman. haat year and this year he alone has been re- sponsible for Montana's fine Blum- ing. Mr. Bresaman went to the Ore- gon Agricultural college after leaving Montana. haat year hie team, repre- sent the Oregon inatitution placed second; this year it placed third. Ida- ho won second •place this year. The grain judging championship carries with it a silver trophy offered by the Pacific International Live Stock Exposition. The winning team has possession of the cup for i year and the name of the winning institu- tion is engraved upon it. The cup has remained in Montana ever since it was first offered and the engrav- ing upon it consiats simply of threp repetitions of \Won by Montana State College.\ This year's Pacific International Exposition also gave Montana a high place in live stock judging. the Mon- t a n a mate college team placing se- cond in one of the atrongest con- tests ever held at Portland. The members of the stock judging team were O. C. Lee of Culberteon. T. S. Fosse of Joliet, Max Legge of iloz - and Ben Daggett of Hayfield, NMI e - I man, E. H. Sandberg of Anaroin a. sota. Professor R. C. McChord of the animal husbandry department at the State college has coached the stoek judging team for three ypar s and during that time has succeeded in bring Montana within one notelt of the top. In 1923 the Montana team placed fifth, and last year it was fourth. Mr. Lee of this year's stock judg, ine team and one of its leading members, was on the championship grain judging team last year. pia( ing sccond am,ong all individuals in the 19;21 contest. 40,000 -Acre R• anch Sold. ()ne of the oldest properties of Meagher county, long known as the Dogie ranch, has changed hands by a deal completed between the Don- ahue company, former owners, and the Stewart' Finlen Ranch com- pany. The property ilea on the North Fork of Smith river, east of White Sulphur Springs, and comprises 60 sections of high grade grazing and meadow land. With the land. Stewart and Finlan have taken over 3,000 head of cattle. They will ruh sheep and cattle, and will operate under the firm name of the Cattle Moun- tain Sheep and Cattle company. China \las an e• ra of 4,225,000, square miles and a population of 460,000,000. cit=ac=c=a1==:213=3=ici -About Farming - c=3 c=11==1C1===1= I=1 (From Montana State College) T HE annual 4-H club achieve- ment day program of Sheridan countY was held in connection witlt the county fair this year. Prac- tically every club in the country was represented and an interesting edu- cational program was presented. More than 350 people attended. • • Farmers of Daniels county are planning to hold a meeting Novem- ber 28 to consider agricultural im- provement plans for next season. Community leaders have held meet- ings during the past month to con- sider the special recommendations for the different communities and those will be considered as incorpor- ated in the county program of work of the county -wide meeting. 4 , 0 • The business men of Billings are co-operating with Yellowstone coun- ty farmers in the work of develop- ing local markets for home grown products. The local commercial club has appointed a marketing com- mittee of farmers and business men whose business it will be to investi- gate local produce markets and make recommendations for future action. At this time first attention will be given to vegetables and live stock. 0 • 0 The county extension office co- operating with the Miles City Smith - Hughes agricultural department will issue a monthly inimeographed bul- letin for farmers in Custer county. The bulletin will contain timely news items, syggestions for farm and home improvement and an exchange list. 0 • Farm communities of Roosevelt county have entered a farm improve- ment contest In which each commun- ity will be rated by score a card and the one showing the greatest ad- vance in the adoption of better farm- ing methods will be declared the win- ity will be rated by a score card and developed which will enable the scoring committee to make its decis- ions on an exact basis. • • • The poultry growers of southern Chouteau county have organized a poultry growers association with its headquarters at Geraldine. The first project to be undertaken will be the marketing of the present season's turkey crop under the pooling plan,. now being successfully used In a number of Montana counties. The as- sociation proposes to extend its op- erations next spring to include all poultry improvement work in its territory. • • • While some of Montana's cities are wondering where tomorrow's supply of potatoes is to come, from a buyer representing a California- firm visited Madison county farmers last month and secured 12 carloads of po- tatoes at $2.00 per hundred. In view of the national potato shortage out- of-state buyers have been particular- ly active in Montana this year. • • • Indian boys and Mae of the Tongue River reservation held their own club fair at Lame Deer last month. Practically every club mem- ber on the reservation had an exhibit at the fair and the renults of the first year's club work war; pro- nounced exceedingly fine. There were more than 200 exhibite. The young exhibitors were given a dinner after the fair by the reservation su- perintendent C. B. LohmIller. • • 0 The community fair at Columbia Falls, held last month, was attended by more than 500 people. A num- ber of surrounding communities were represented by community booths and the quality of products exhibit- ed waa Raid to be the beat in years. Mothers Treat Colds The New \Direct\ Way No Longer Necessary to \Dose\ Chil: dren With Inter-nal Medicines to Break Colds. Children's diges- tions are easily up- set by too much \dosing.\ Vicki VapoRub being ex- ternaliy applied, does not upset little stomachs. At the first sign of croup, sore throat, or any other cold trouble, apply Vicki freely. There is nothing to swallow— you just \rub it on.\ , , jra• 11141 I C K VAF2c)RuEs cm/ 21Pflluom Jams Usso YEARLY McCARTHY BROS. COMPANY Grain Commission Minneapolis Chicago Duluth Milwaukee flend no maniple/I of your grain and flax for valuation; sample envelop,. sent upon request. • OULTRY WANTED We are In the market every day for Doe ektelrems. turkeys, docks and =r Elgtest market prices paid, severe - e (malty on day of arrival. Montana Meat sad Commission Co, Butts. Mantras. Cheap Ranches t I ND eajt e i g: large stock ranches with plenty hay and water; stock ranches and farms for rent. Frary & Burlingame, Great Falls, Montana. !SEED WILL GIVE STATE PUBLICITY SAMPLES OF CERTIFIED SfAR- QUIS 1VHEAT BEING MADE IN HELENA Department of Agriculture Plans to Advertise Slontana'ts Farm Re- sources by Dimtributing Seed in Fairs and Through Railways. For several days officials and employes of the divimion of grain standards and marketing of the state department of agriculture have been engaged file illSk of Hacking and preparing for- distri- bution miniature sample of certi- fied Alarquis wheat produced in Montana during the past crop season. Twenty thousand sacks, each con- taining two ounces of the wheat, are to be prepared for distribution in this manner, and they will eventually find their way into the hands of people in all parts of the United States through the medium of grain shows in various of the larger cen- ters and through the immigration de- partment of the transcontinental railroads serving this state. The purpose is to advertise the agricultural resources of Montana and to bring before the agricultural- ists of other states the high grade of wheat raised here. Forty bushels of certified Marquis wheat produced in several sections of the state were acquired by the department for thie purpose. A large quantity of the sacked samples will be placed in the hands of the committee which will handle the Montana exhibits at the• Inter- national Hay and Grain show in Chicago, and lots will likewise be dis- tributed through the medium of other exhibitions to be held in the east and the west. The tiny white muslin sacks, to each of which is attached a white muslin slip for poetage stamp and address, bear the printed inscription, \Department of Agriculture, Helena, Montana,\ and on the other side \World's Best 'Quality' Grain and Seed. 'Grown in Montana. 'It's the Soil and Climate,' Phis Planned Effort.\ Inside each sack is placed a print - t. , (1 slip reading: '!Montana Wheat—Montana pro- duction. The combination of soil and clitnate, which produces Montana Premium Hard Red Wheat, also makes possible the production of quality, as exemplified in the popular McIntosh apple, hardy alfalfa Heed, certified seed potatoes, fine Great Northern beans. Montana quality wool, well flavored canning peas, heavy oats and barley. and high per- centage sugar beets. For further in- formation regarding Montana qualit) and Treasure State opportunities write A. H. Bowman., commissioner of agriculture. Helena, Montana.\ Bad Rock, Deer Park. VIllenfine, Half Moon. La Salle, Columbia Falls and Lake Five districts had their community displays. * * • The annual harvest festival at Winifred, Fergus county, had to be called off this year because of dis- agreeable weather and equally bad roads. Thla event in other years has been one of the most successful com- munity affairs of its kind in the state. THIS BUTTE MAN EXPLAINS IT WELL KNOWN MONTANA DRUG- GIST MAKES A STUDY OP LIVER AILNIENTS Pilfer Becomes Clogged; Many Ig- norant of Cause of illness Until the Symptoms are Traced to Their Rea I Source. Poisoned! Made sick by shear neglect! This ix what happens to countless numbers of men and women here, perhapa in your own family, explains A. E. Jensen of Butte, pharmacist of staW-wide reputation... Every drop of water used in largo cities runs through a gigantic filter where poisonous waste matter la eliminated and the water made pure. People would soon protest if city officiate allow- ed Mix filter to become clogged. Water could no longer Ix. purified, impurities would seep through, and your family would be made sick by the very water •that flows into your home. Upsets 'Whole System. Yet, this Is exactly what happens to you every time you allow your body's filter to become sluggish and clogged. This is why you wake up feeling dull and tired—tongue coat- ed, bad taste in the mouth ( and of- fenerve breath! Why do many suffer from such afflictions as poor diges- tion„ aour stomach, and formation of gas, improper niovement of the bow- els, sick headaches and a nervous, upset and over -taxed condition of the system? When You Feel Badly. Your body's filter is )(our liver! It was put there by nature %%ith definite work to do. About every Gfteeti minutes all of the blood In your body passeR through your liver to be purified. But bow can it be purified when your II%er hat% become sluggish and your intestines clogged up %%ith %relate? ilow can it secrete the juices that are essential to digestion? ilovv can it supply the secretions Nature uses to oil your intestines so tient your bowels can move gotlilY, thoroughly and naturally every day? Quite naturally you suffer from these ailments lentil your liver has been properly clonnsed and toned, your stomach put back In condition and your whole system has been braced up d ated made and strong. Keep This Filter Clean. Great numbers bate gained quick relief from these complainta through the nee of Jen-Sen pills. Thim preparation of Mr. Jensen's helps nature to cleanse and tone tile liver, wake up yolir appetite. Improve digestion and nourishment, tone the tired and overtaxed nerves, and Rend purer, healthier blood coursing through your veins. Treatment. Mr. Jengen IR so certain that his discov- ery will prove biR theory that he gives away thonaands of pills to convince °ter readern of him sincerity. Ile wants every house- hold in the state to try at his expense the virtues of Jen-Sen Liver Pills. 3(011 inly hare a full month'a treatment free. Send In this advertiseMent and your name and ad- dress. No poetage--all lee free. Try them. Let them help you. Address A. FL Jeneen, Pharmacist, 401 Routh Montana Street, Butte, Montana. lie is anxious to help y ou.--adv. Teton Crops Increetrio. Teton county produced 1,175,863 bushele of wheat off 114,823 acree; 167,375 bushels of wheat off 8,832 acres; 43,518 bushels of barley off 2,630 acres; 2,041 bushels of flax- seed off 370 acres; 38,400 tons of hay off 43,086 acres, and 17,890 bushels of potatoes off 274 acres, in the season of 1924, according to the census of the department of com- merce. With the exception of flax- seed this was a very great increase over the corresponding crops for the year of 1919, with which compari- sons are made by the department. ABSORBi STOPS LAMENESS from a Bone Spavin, Ring Bone Splint, Curb, Side Bone, or simila; troubles and gets horse going sound. It acts mildly but quickly and good re- sults are lasting. Does not blister or remove the hair and horse can be worked. Page 17 in pamphlet with each bottle tells how. $2.50 a bottle delivered. Horse Book 9 R free. ABSORBINE, JR., the antiseptic liniment for mankind, reduces Painful Swellings, En- • tinged Glands,Wens, Bruises,Varicose Veins; heals Sores. Allays Pain. Will tell you more if you write. $1.25 a bottle at dealers sr delivered. Liberal trial bottle for 10e otatops. W. F. YOUNG, Inc., ?SO Lyman St., Springfield, Mats. MONTANA FARMERS now to get the ltigheot Price for your Grain at tile least expense. BILL IT TO McCain'. DINSMORE CO., at Minneapolis or Duluth Sales Supervised by tile Minnesota RIM - road aud Warehouse and the U. H. Department of Agri. olture. Returns Guaranteed I)) Fldelty Bond for $30.4roo.00 Filed with the Railroad mid warehouse Commission of minuesota Write for free booklet el\ ing instructions regarding direct shipments. 1.111111111•100911BEIIIIIIEBEIIIINBE3 FARMER'S CASH MARKET Ilashoot Club Price. fur LIVE POULTRY — t'REASI VEAL--RIDES—W0GL Ne Commission Charged 1”iic(lesuron Thanksgiving TURKEYS 00 1 ,. for Express Lets \1.11 nre Alwaya tiure of Your ‘1, , i,•) if You Ship to C011b\ EsT. THE D E. COBB CO. a88 3 Write lor n. ST. PAUL, MINN. Tags and Priem DEVILS LAKE, N. D. ave .10119$20 rwer, MIS& an Ammon Jrp Iron dr limn Pio toillootir'a pm& Lod lot tom cataler-omrir 11111111111MI hellICO &WI si Lome Aime \ The FRED MUELLER e jit 5A0011. E. HARNESS alli 414 Mueller I Otrvar. Cowls DECIDE NOW about IWO enleICS Our Ael redltevi Citicka for 1926 will be better than ever. Everything indicates a big der/land. Get In touch with us now to secure the lowent prices. I/4th auccessful year. QUEEN HATCHE FLY:. Jay lbdd moo ler Avewus --• •IIIATTLIE R M 1,000 acres in Fergus County. Write for terms. Box 1510, Great Falba, Montana 2 Grazing Tracts Bordering LOLO NATIONAL FOREST 25,000 ACRES and 10,000 ACRES AT $3 PER 'ACRE Splendid grasq, water, brouse and shade. Has a southern slope giving early pasture. Railroad spur touches the land. Terrns: 10 per cent down, balance divided into 10 yearly payments BLACKFOOT LAND DEVELOPMENT CO. Drawer 1590, Missoula, Mont.

The Ekalaka Eagle (Ekalaka, Mont.), 20 Nov. 1925, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.