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01. A THE EAA:LAKA EAGLE It Since his recent return to Billings from Sawtelle, Calif., where he vain- ly sought entry in the Soldiers' home, Burkman suffered frequent periods of despondency. • Burkman, at the age of 20, started West with one of William Bent's out- fits. He went up the Arkansas and as far north as the Platte river in 1&59 and 1860. and in 1861 he en- listed in the Fifth Missouri volun- teers, taking part in the Battle of Wilson Creek, in which General Lyons was killed. After his discharge from the army he went to St. Paul, where he joined the Sibley expedition out of St. Paul in 1863. This expedition drove hos- tile Indians west, past the Missouri river at Bismarck, and, as Burkman put it, in an interview a year ago last March, \The Indians followed us back to St. Paul.\ After the war, Burkman enlisted in the Seventh cavalry under General Custer and served in the reconstruc- tion days in Kentucky and Tennessee, where Custer put in two years break- ing up distilleries and supressing the old Ku Klux Klan. In 1872 Custer was assigned to the Dakotas and with him there Burkman went. being as- signed to Custer's throughbred hors- es and to care of the blooded doge the general always maintained. Burkman was wont to relate many interesting incidents in which Gen- eral and Mrs. Custer figured. The latter after the Battle of the Big Horn looked up Burkman and in re- cent years wrote to the old gentle - MOTHER! Child's Best Laxative is \California Fig Syrup\ \ i. Tongue Shows if Bilious, Constipated Hurry Mother! Even a fretful, pee- vish child loves the pleasant taste of \California Fig Syrup\ and it never falls to open the bowels. A teaspoonful today may prevent a sick child tomorrow. Ask your druggist for genuine \California Fig Syrup\ which has directions for babies and children of all ages printed on bottle. blother! You must say \California\ or you may get an imitation fig syrup CUSTER VETERAN TAKES OWN LIFE ZORN BITRKMAN, TROOPER IN LITTLE BIG HORN CAM- PAIGN DIES IN BILLINGS Rain -in -The -Face Made War on Thel Whites Becatis'e Treaty Was Vioiatedj Dr (By AIRS. Al. E. PLASSMANN) Was Last Mari to Speak to Famous T HOSE who know the Indian General on Day of III -Fated Battle agree that he is uncommunica- With Sioux; Was Despondent Over tive to the strangers, or• to any 4 Continued 111 Health. who have not won his confidence. Whether this trait is due to fear of John Burktban, 86, who, sis. a ridicule, is not certain, although trooper of the Seventh cavalry, some authorities advance it as the saddled Gen George A. Custer's reason. Naturally, members of his horse, Victor; , and was the last, own race ean best understand him, outside of those of the command and when this person, in addition to who fell with him, to speak to the being an Indian, is one educated in general on the day of the ill-fated the schools of whites, he is eminent - battle of the Little Big Horn, June ly qualified to act as an interpreter 23, 1876, sent a bullet into his for both races. Such a man is Dr. brain a8 lie sat on the porch of a Eastman who. although a Sioux, is south aide rooming house in a graduate ef Dartmouth college. Billings the other day, and died In It!s rccent book, entitled almost instantly. Despondency over \Indian lIcroes,\ he tells of an inter - 1111 health and almost total loss of view with the noted Indian chief, sight and hearing were responsi- Rain-in-the-Face,.and of what that ble. • remarkabie man had to say of his Was Despondent deeds of prowess, both in battles with other tribes, and in forays against the whites. We have frequetnly read of the Fetterman disaster, in which Rain in -the -Face took part, and he gives some information concerning it I am inclined to believe has never before been made public. He states that he, and the other young wriN•riors, who drove the woodcutters into the fort, were charged not to kill them, the purpose of the attack being to lure Fetterman and his company into am- bush, as was done. Fetterman, like Custer, disobeyed the commands of man at least twice a year, sending him rememberances at Christmas and upon the anniversary of the Battle of the Little Big Horn. On the morning of the battle, Burkman saddled Victor, a thorough- bred, which the general rode into battle and which was killed with its master. On a scouting expedition which preceded the fatal day. Burk - man said. Custer had ridden Dandy but changed to Victor on the day of the battle. In 1877 Burkman took part in the Nezz Perce war and the capture of Chief Joseph; the Sturgis battle on Canyon creek, 15 miles west of Bil- lings, where two soldiers were killed and some wounded, and at tin_ cap- ture of Chief Joseph in the Bear Paw mountains of northern Montana. Had Many \Troubles\ Several bizarre reasons were among the motives that impelled Buckman to suicide. He talked a great deal about \doing something\ after his return from Sawtelle, being much aggrieved at his failure to get into the soldiers' home, due to draw- ing a pension of $72 a month. And he was hurt by two charges of $5 made by a taxi driver for taking him from the station to the home and back. Then a set of artificial teeth he bought in California failed to fit and he threw them away. Later a pair of glasses failed to give him pr per vision. He threw them away. Th a pair of boots he bought gave im sore feet and he threw them away. Meantime his talk of suicide and that. he was too much of a coward to do •that increased. Friday he at- tained the degree of nerve to end what he called \just throwing away money.\ Of Burkman, Mrs. Custer wrote in her \Following the Guidon\; \The soldier who took care of him (Dandy) was the strangest contrast to the whole body, dashing cavalry- men, mettlesome horse and rollick- ing dogs. Indeed he seemed so much out of place in a cavalry camp that I always wanted to label him, 'Lost, strayed or stolen'. slow of speech, thought and movement, his affec- tionate fidelity was to be trusted above the gayer and more active troopers. I have a photograph of him 'Handing between and holding with eech hand the bridle of Vic, the general's thoroughbred which wah shot in the battle of the Little Big llorn, and Dandy. His horizon was encompassed by two horses, some dogs and one yellow -haired officer.\ • . . Proved iife by millions and prescribed by physicians for Neuraleia Colds Neuritis I.umbago Headache Pain Toothache Rheumatism , . I DOES NOT AFFECT THE HEART Accept ot . ± \Bayer\ package which contains proven directions. Handy \Bayer\ boxes of 12 tablets Also bottles of 24 and 100 --Druggists. k Aspirta le the trade mark of Bayer Manufacture of M000acetIcactdeater,of Salicylicacid Tleit would have saved Custer, and perhaps have won the day.\ It was believed the white soldiers had gone back, and Itain-in-the-Face was preparing to go with others to fight the Crows, when surprised by Custer. What then transpired. is best told as interpreted by Dr. East- man from what the chief said: \While I was eating meat, we heard the war -cry. We all rushed out and saw a warrior riding at top NPeefi from the lower camp. Then we heard the reports of the soldiers' guns, which sounded differently from the guns fired by our people In bat t le. \I ran to my tepee and siezed my gen. a bow, and a quiver full of ar- rows. I already had my stone war' club, for you know, we usually carry those by way of ornament. Just as I was about to set out to meet 'Zeno, a body of soldiers appeared nearly opposite us, at the edge of a Long line of cliffs, across the river. \All of us who were mounted and ready, immediately started down the stream toward the ford. These were Ogallalas, Minneconjous, Cheyennes, and some Unkpapas, and those around me seemed to be nearly all very young men. \ 'Behold there is among us a young woman.' I shouted. 'Let no young man hide behind her garment.' I knew that would make. those young, men brave. • • his superior officer, who in this in- stance was Colonel Carrington, and in consequence, lie and his men were slain. We do'not need to be told that the discovery of gold in the Black Hills led to the voiding of the 1868 treaty with the Indians, and the con- sequent union of the tribes in self- defense. Rain -in -the -Pace said the young warriors, himself included, used to lie in ambush to attack trains, in order to make the white men understand they could not en- ter the country safely, without per- mission of the Indians. For; lie con- tinued, \It NV a S the duty of our Great Father at Washington, by the agreement of 1S6S, to keep his white children away.\ Of Spotted Tail we learn he was one of the first chiefs to submit to the enemy. having been promised as the reward of his disaffection, the overlordship of the Sioux. \Ugh! \The woman was Teshenamai, moving Robe, whose brother had just been killed in the fight with Three Stars. Holding her brother's war staff over her head, and leaning for- ward upon her charger, site looked as pretty as a bird. Always when there is a woman in the charge, it causes the warriors to vie with one another in displaying their valor. \The foremost warriors had al- most surrounded the white men, and more were continually crossing the stream. The soldiers had dismount- ed and were firing into the camp trom the top of the cliff.\ ' Asked if Sitting Bull was in the fight, the chief replied that he did not see him there at first, buthe was later, although not among the fore- most. Then Rain -in -the -Face contin- ued: \When the troops were sur- rounded on two sides, with the river on the third, the order was given to charge. There were many very CONIANCHE, the horse ridden by Lieutenant Keogh at the Custer battle, and uhich WaS the lone 811rVIvor of that terrible disaster. he would have stayed with Sitting Bull to the last had it not been for his ambition,\ commented Rain -in - the-Face. Neither white nor Indian seemed to pay much atention to this latest treaty, and it was then Rain -in -the Face killed a wihte soldier going East, and was betrayed by what he called \lying Indians.\ who acted as scouts for the white soldiers, and tried to be friendly with the agents. Rain -in -the -Face was captured, and taken by Captain Tom Custer, broth- er of General Custer, to Fort Abra- ham Lincoln, where he was con- fined, and was forced to wear a ball and chain. One day a soldier freed him from the chain, and told him by signs, together with a little Sioux he knew, \Go friend! take the chain and ball with you. I will shoot but the voice of the gun WIli lie.\ Commenting on this, the chief said, \I have never told this before. lest It would do him injury, but he was an old man then, and I am sure he must be dead long since. That old soldier taught me that some of the white people have hearts.\ The next spring came the confer- ence of tribes on Tongue river, In- cluding Cheyennes, and a few Santee Sioux from Canada, and it was de- cided \to fight with tke white sol- diers until no warrior should be left.\ • • • Our scouts had (Meow- ered piles of oats for horses and oth- er supplies near the Miasouri river. They had been brought up by the white man's fireboats. Presently they reported a great army about a day's travel to the south. with Sho- shone and Crow scoute.\ Then a council was held, evidently to deter- mine if it would not be beat to sub- mit to the white man's terms. Ile - foie doing 80, howover i they asked Rain -In -the -Face to tell them what was the condition of reservation In- dians. He replied they were simply prisoners. This settled the question. and they \decided to go out and meet Three Stars (General Crook at a safe distance from our camp. 'We tiwt him on the Little Rosebud.\ young men, sorne of whom had only a war staff or a stone war club in hand. who plunged into the colutnn knocking the men over and stamped- ing their horses. \The soldiers had mounted and started back, but when the onset came they dismounted again and se- parated into several divisions, fac- ing different ways. They fired as ram as they could load their guns, while we used chiefly arrows and war clubs. There seemed to be two distinct movements among the In- dians. One body moved continually in a circle, while the other rode di- rectly into and through the troops. \Presently some of the soldiers remounted and fled along the ridge toward Reno'a potation; and they were followed by our warriors, like hundeeds of blackbirds after a hawk. A larger body remained together at the upper end of a little ravine, and fought bravely untH they were cut to pieces. I had always thought that white men were cowards, but I had a great respect for them after this (lay. \It is generally said that a young man with nothing but a war staff in hie hand broke through the col- umn and knocked down the leader very early in the fight. We supposed him to be the leader, becauee be stood up in full view, swinging his big knife (sword) over his head and talking loud. Some one, unknown. afterwards shot the chief, and he was probably killed also; for, if not. he would have told of the deed, and called other's to witness it. So it is that no one knows who killed the Long -Haired Chief (Gen. Cuater). \Atter the first rush was over, coupe Were coUnted as usual on the bodies of the 'Hein. You know four colip8 Can be counted on the body of an enemy, and whoever counts the first one (touches it for the first time) is entitled to the 'first feath- er.' Appearing Elk. who died a short \There was an Indian here called GREAT FALLS DYE HOUSE time ago. He was slightfy wound( d in the charge. Ile had some of the. UNUSUAL, ACTION OF CONTINENTAL OIL COMPANY PAYS ON LEVY HELD UNCOkSTITUTIONAL BY SUPREME COURT Notwithstanding Fact That the State and Federal Courts had Held Tax as Unconetitutional, the Money is Paid to the State Treasurer. Release to the state of Montana of approximately ;10,000 in gas- oline taxes deposited with the state several months Ago by the Conti- nental Oil company was made in Helena a few (lays ago ky L. Landerud, district manager for Northern Montana, and Former Goyernor Sam V. Stewart, attorn- ey for the Continental, at the in- stance of Vice President Karstadt of Denver. The money is that collected by the Continental under the old law during the first quarter of 1925. After the constitutionality of the law had been attacked the Continental deposited its tAx collections with the state with the provision that it was to be sur- rendered if the law was found con- stitutional by the United States fill- preme court. The old law was declared uncon- stitutional by botil the state and the United States supreme courts, but the executives of the company de- cided to turn the money over to the state treasurer as a remittance in full covering gasoline tax colections for the effected period. Local offciials of the company re- commended this action to the execu- tives of the company. A total of ap- proximately $135,000 in taxes was collected by oil distributing com- panies in Montana during the first quarter of 1925, the greater propor- tion of which is still retained by the companies. Of the eight or nine companies holding funds received in this manner, the Continental is one of two that have surrendered the cash to the state, the other com- pany being the Texas. This remittance made at Helena a few days ago is the second which the company has made to the state during the past few years under un- usual circumstances. Under devel- opements which attended the retro- active provisions of the law operative in 1921, the company remitted to the state approximately $20,000 for which there had been no correspond- ing tax collections from gasoline coneumers, the two actions being out- standing in the history of tax col- lecting in Montana. over the prairie, while the old men and women plundered the bodies; and if any mutilating was done, it was by the old men.\ This description of the Custer bat- tle, it seemed to me demanded being given as related by Rain -in -the -Face. It throws additional light on that engagement from the Indian stand- point. The future historian will need it to enable him to render an im- partial account of what took place on that eventful day. Yet, without the aid of Dr. Eastman. this story would never have been told or pre- served. Turkeys 43 Cents a Pound. Forty-three cents for young toms over 14 pounds, is the top price paid for Pondera county's turkey crop, ac- cording to the announcement of Mrs. L. Alquist, secretary of the Pondera Poultry Growers' association. Mrs. Alquist says the turkey growers of the county, all of whom pooled their birds, have sold to the California Poultry company. Other prices paid by the California company for the Pendent turkey crop are: Young toms, 12 to 14 pounds, 37 cents; old hens and toms, 36 cents; No. 2 turkeys, 25 cents. The Chinese have often been con- quered. but their victors have al- ways been absorbed by them. As a race, they loathe fighting. Cuticura Soap - Pure and Wholesome Keeps The Skin Clear Soap, Giatment, Talcum sok! everyarlsere. weapons of Long -Haired Chief, and, Hain -in -the -Face thought t shotild have waited to be attacked. the Indians used to say jokingly af- when he (Crook) would have met ter we came upon the reservation Custer's fate. The chief added. \I that Appearing Elk must have killed think he was more wise than brave' the Chief. because he had his sword After we had left that neighborlireel I do not think he killed Custer, and. he might have pushed on and (.0e_ if he had, the time to claim the hon- or, was immediately after the fight nectcd with the Long -Haired Chief. \Many lies have been told of me Some say that I killed the Chief. and others that I cut out the heart of his brother (Tom Custer) because he caused me to be imprisoned. Why, in that fight the excitement was great that we scarcely recognized our nearest friends. Everything was done like lightning. After the battle, 'We young men were chasing horses all Practical Dyers and Cleaners 6 STEELE MOO GMAT FALLS. MONT, THEGIRLTHEMENADMIRE IS THE GIRL WHOSE HEALTH IS POLFECII A TONIC THAT WILL HELP YOU IS DR. PIERCVS Golden Medical DISCOVERY IN LIQUID OR TABLEIS—All Dnintsts. Seed 10o for Trial Package to Dr. Pierce% Invalids' Hotel. Buffalo. N. Y. H OTEL RAINBOW GREAT lianas Wan 11, FALLS ItIrarres. MONTANA'S DISTiNCTIVE HOSTELRY Mining Supplies Station Pumps Sinking Pumps Electric Hoists Repuano Gelatine Powder Drills Compressors Sirocco Ventilating Fans Anything and Everything You May Need for ?Ailing Mail Orders Solicited A. C. NI. HARDWARE HOUSE Butts Montana SUND US YOUR Paralyzed Tubes To be Restored to Health in Our Laboratory OS per cent of your worn- out tubes canolle put In first cinaa condition, evenly matched to give 100 per cent reception. We Call Reartivate tiv-20IA, C-30IA, Uv-I99, C-299 and any other that -fated filament such as Atlas, .Magnalson, DeForemt, etc. It coats only 20 cents eaeli In lots of 5 or tho're,. return parcel post charges paid when money is sent wIth Radio Equipment Co. 14 No. Sth St., bfiles City, Mont. Why Pay more when you can get what you want for LESS? —It Is of interest to the farm- ers of Montana to know that a great mating has been brought about for their benefit in the price of Tractor Fuel, by the Sunburst Refining conipany. an independent home company it Great Falls. —Powerized Tractor Fuel can be ob- tained at the refinery at Great Fano, in your own containers at much lees than the price of k eeeee ne. It is white. looks like keroaene, Is thor- oughly refined and purified, having no offensive odor and works fine In all types of kerosene tractors and enilnes. InelndIng Fordsons, and xlves even ninre power than kero- sene, which la higher priced. This Tractor Fuel is made from Sunburst Montana crude oil hy a Montana company and lie making given employment to Montana workmen and puts more Montana dollars Into tin -illation, for the ben- efit of Montana. Why pay more for high priced kerosene, when It has been proven that this Tractor Fuel, esnling much lens, Rives better results? INVESTIGATE! Addresa inquiries to SUNBURST REF INERY COMPANY Great Falls AIontana Independent FR EE' Send name and address • for a free road map of Niontana (in colors) sent free on request. , :